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Updated:January 14, 2008
The documentation set for this product strives to use bias-free language. For the purposes of this documentation set, bias-free is defined as language that does not imply discrimination based on age, disability, gender, racial identity, ethnic identity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality. Exceptions may be present in the documentation due to language that is hardcoded in the user interfaces of the product software, language used based on RFP documentation, or language that is used by a referenced third-party product. Learn more about how Cisco is using Inclusive Language.
The authentication proxy feature allows users to log in to a network or access the Internet via HTTP, with their specific access profiles automatically retrieved and applied from a TACACS+ or RADIUS server. The user profiles are active only when there is active traffic from the authenticated users.
This configuration is designed to bring up the web browser on 10.1.1.1 and aim it at 10.17.17.17. Because the VPN Client is configured to go through tunnel end-point 10.31.1.111 to get to the 10.17.17.x network, the IPSec tunnel is built and the PC gets the IP address out of the pool RTP-POOL (since mode-configuration is performed). Authentication is then requested by the Cisco 3640 Router. After the user enters a username and password (stored on the TACACS+ server at 10.14.14.3), the access list passed down from the server gets added to access list 118.
Before attempting this configuration, ensure that you meet these
Cisco VPN Client is configured to establish an IPSec tunnel with the
Cisco 3640 Router.
The TACACS+ server is configured for authentication proxy. See the
"Related Information" section for more
The information in this document is based on these software and
Cisco IOS? Software Release 12.4
Cisco 3640 Router
Cisco VPN Client for Windows version 4.8 (any VPN Client 4.x and
later should work)
Note: The ip auth-proxy command was introduced
in Cisco IOS Software Release 12.0.5.T. This configuration was tested with
Cisco IOS Software Release 12.4.
The information in this document was created from the devices in a
specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with
a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you
understand the potential impact of any command.
service timestamps debug uptime
service timestamps log uptime
no service password-encryption
!--- The username and password is used during local authentication.
username rtpuser password 0 rtpuserpass
!--- Enable AAA.
!--- Define server-group and servers for TACACS+.
aaa group server tacacs+ RTP
!--- In order to set authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) authentication at login,
use the aaa authentication login command in global configuration mode
aaa authentication login default group RTP local
aaa authentication login userauth local
aaa authorization exec default group RTP none
aaa authorization network groupauth local
aaa authorization auth-proxy default group RTP
enable secret 5 $1$CQHC$R/07uQ44E2JgVuCsOUWdG1
enable password ww
!--- Define auth-proxy banner, timeout, and rules.
ip auth-proxy auth-proxy-banner http ^C
Please Enter Your Username and Password:
ip auth-proxy auth-cache-time 10
ip auth-proxy name list_a http
ip audit notify log
ip audit po max-events 100
cns event-service server
!--- Define ISAKMP policy.
crypto isakmp policy 10
!--- These commands define the group policy that
!--- is enforced for the users in the group RTPUSERS.
!--- This group name and the key should match what
!--- is configured on the VPN Client. The users from this
!--- group are assigned IP addresses from the pool RTP-POOL.
crypto isakmp client configuration group RTPUSERS
!--- Define IPSec transform set and apply it to the dynamic crypto map.
crypto ipsec transform-set RTP-TRANSFORM esp-des esp-md5-hmac
crypto dynamic-map RTP-DYNAMIC 10
set transform-set RTP-TRANSFORM
!--- Define extended authentication (X-Auth) using the local database.
!--- This is to authenticate the users before they can
!--- use the IPSec tunnel to access the resources.
crypto map RTPCLIENT client authentication list userauth
!--- Define authorization using the local database.
!--- This is required to push the 'mode configurations' to the VPN Client.
crypto map RTPCLIENT isakmp authorization list groupauth
crypto map RTPCLIENT client configuration address initiate
crypto map RTPCLIENT client configuration address respond
crypto map RTPCLIENT 10 ipsec-isakmp dynamic RTP-DYNAMIC
ip address 10.31.1.111 255.255.255.0
ip access-group 118 in
no ip directed-broadcast
!--- Apply the authentication-proxy rule to the interface.
ip auth-proxy list_a
no ip route-cache
no ip mroute-cache
!--- Apply the crypto-map to the interface.
crypto map RTPCLIENT
ip address 10.14.14.14 255.255.255.0
no ip directed-broadcast
!--- Define the range of addresses in the pool.
!--- VPN Clients will have thier 'internal addresses' assigned
!--- from this pool.
ip local pool RTP-POOL 10.20.20.25 10.20.20.50
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.14.14.15
ip route 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.31.1.1
!--- Turn on the HTTP server and authentication.
!--- This is required for http auth-proxy to work.
ip http server
ip http authentication aaa
!--- The access-list 118 permits ISAKMP and IPSec packets
!--- to enable the Cisco VPN Client to establish the IPSec tunnel.
!--- The last line of the access-list 118 permits communication
!--- between the TACACS+ server and the 3640 router to enable
!--- authentication and authorization. All other traffic is denied.
access-list 118 permit esp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.31.1.111
access-list 118 permit udp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.31.1.111 eq isakmp
access-list 118 permit tcp host 10.14.14.3 host 10.31.1.111
!--- Define the IP address and the key for the TACACS+ server.
tacacs-server host 10.14.14.3 key cisco
line con 0
transport input none
line aux 0
line vty 0 4
VPN Client 4.8 Configuration
Complete these steps in order to configure the VPN Client
Choose Network Configuration on the left and click
Add Entry to add an entry for the router in either the TACACS+
server database. Choose the server database according to the router
The key is used to authenticate between the 3640 Router and Cisco
Secure ACS server. If you want to select the TACACS+ protocol for
authentication, then choose TACACS+ (Cisco IOS) in the
Authenticate Using drop down menu.
Enter the username in the User field in the Cisco Secure database,
then click Add/Edit.
In this example, the username is
In the next window, enter the password for rtpuser.
In this example, the password is rtpuserpass. You can map the user
account to a group if you wish. When you have finished, click
Configure the Fallback Feature
When the primary RADIUS server becomes unavailable, the router will
failover to the next active backup RADIUS server. The router will continue to
use the secondary RADIUS server forever even if the primary server is
available. Usually the primary server is high performance and the preferred
server. If the secondary server is not available the local database can be used
for authentication using the aaa
authentication login default group RTP local
This section provides information you can use to confirm your
configuration is working properly.
Establish an IPSec tunnel between the PC and the Cisco 3640 Router.
Open a browser on the PC and point it to
http://10.17.17.17. The Cisco 3640 Router intercepts this HTTP
traffic, triggers authentication proxy, and prompts you for a username and
password. The Cisco 3640 sends the username/password to the TACACS+ server for
authentication. If the authentication is successful, you should be able to see
the web pages on the Web server at 10.17.17.17.
ip access-lists—Displays the standard and extended ACLs
configured on the firewall router (includes dynamic ACL entries). The dynamic
ACL entries are added and removed periodically based on whether the user
authenticates or not.
This output shows acess-list 118 before auth-proxy was triggered:
This output shows access-list 118 after auth-proxy was triggered and
the user successfully authenticates:
3640#show ip access-lists 118
Extended IP access list 118
permit tcp host 10.20.20.26 any (7 matches)
permit udp host 10.20.20.26 any (14 matches)
permit icmp host 10.20.20.26 any
10 permit esp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.31.1.111 (379 matches)
20 permit udp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.31.1.111 eq isakmp (316 matches)
30 permit tcp host 10.14.14.3 host 10.31.1.111 (234 matches)
The first three lines of the access-list are the entries defined for
this user and downloaded from the TACACS+ server.
ip auth-proxy cache—Displays either the authentication
proxy entries or the running authentication proxy configuration. The cache
keyword to list the host IP address, the source port number, the timeout value
for the authentication proxy, and the state for connections that use
authentication proxy. If the authentication proxy state is ESTAB, the user
authentication is a success.
3640#show ip auth-proxy cache
Authentication Proxy Cache
Client IP 10.20.20.26 Port 1705, timeout 5, state ESTAB