About Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers

The Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers carry a modular yet integrated design, so network operators can increase their network capacity and services without a hardware upgrade. The routers are engineered for reliability and performance, with industry-leading advancements in silicon and security to help your business succeed in a digital world that's always on. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series is supported by the Cisco IOS XE Software, a modular operating system with modular packaging, feature velocity, and powerful resiliency. The series is well suited for enterprises experiencing explosive network traffic and network service providers needing to deliver high-performance services.

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers are available in this options:

  • Cisco ASR 1001-X Router

  • Cisco ASR 1002-X Router

  • Cisco ASR 1001-HX Router

  • Cisco ASR 1002-HX Router

  • Cisco ASR 1004 Router

  • Cisco ASR 1006 Router

  • Cisco ASR 1006-X Router

  • Cisco ASR 1009-X Router

  • Cisco ASR 1013 Router

For more information on the features and specifications of Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers, refer to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers datasheet.


Note

Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5.1a is the first release for Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers in the Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5.1a release series.



Note

Starting from IOS XE 17.5, the following consolidated platforms (or with dual IOSd) will move to monolith packaging and will not enable upgrade/downgrade using separate packages:

  • ASR 1001-X

  • ASR 1001-HX

  • ASR1002-X

  • ASR 1002-HX


Instead, use the install add file bootflash:<file name> activate commit command to upgrade using a single image that combines all the separate packages improves the boot time.

Starting from IOS XE 17.6, the ISSU on Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers will migrate to an install workflow that provides step-by-step upgrade/downgrade commands.

The ISSU load version commands will be deprecated and these commands include:

  • abortversion

  • acceptversion

  • checkversion

  • commitversion

  • config-sync

  • image-version

  • loadversion

  • runversion.

Additionally, dual IOSd ISSU commands and Bundle mode ISSU workflows will also be disabled.


Note

The In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) in ASR 1000 is being migrated to an install workflow that provides a step-by-step upgrade/downgrade. Starting from IOS-XE 17.6.1, the following items will be disabled:

  • The ISSU load version command set including issu loadversion, issu runversion, issu acceptversion, and issu commitversion.

  • Dual IOSd ISSU commands.

  • Bundle mode ISSU workflow.



Note

Starting with Cisco IOS XE 17.3.x, with the introduction of Smart Licensing Using Policy, even if you configure a hostname for a product instance or device, only the Unique Device Identifier (UDI) is displayed. This change in the display can be observed in all licensing utilities and user interfaces where the hostname was displayed in earlier releases. It does not affect any licensing functionality. There is no workaround for this limitation.

The licensing utilities and user interfaces that are affected by this limitation include only the following:

  • Cisco Smart Software Manager (CSSM),

  • Cisco Smart License Utility (CSLU), and

  • Smart Software Manager On-Prem (SSM On-Prem).


New and Enhanced Software Features for Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5.X

Table 1. New Software Features in Cisco ASR 1000 Series Release Cisco IOS XE 17.5.x

Feature

Description

Cisco IS-IS Local Unequal Cost Multipath

The Segment Routing—IS-IS UCMP feature allows you to load balance outgoing traffic across all IGP ECMP paths proportionally to the interface bandwidth.

Configuring Per-Interface Per-Cause Punt Policer

The per-interface per-cause (PIPC) punt policing is an enhancement to the punt policing and monitoring feature that allows you to configure the limit on traffic per interface. Starting from the Cisco IOS XE 17.5.1 release, you can set the per-interface per-cause rate for all the control plane punted traffic. This rate causes any traffic beyond the set limit to be dropped, therefore allowing you to control the traffic during conditions such as L2 storming.

Configuring ERSPAN

The Cisco DNA Traffic Telemetry Appliance supports the Encapsulated Remote Switching Port Analyzer (ERSPAN) feature on both source and destination ports. ERSPAN transports mirrored traffic over an IP network. You can configure the network devices to mirror traffic on specific ports or VLANs and send it over to the EA Telemetry Sensor for Deep packet inspection. The EA Telemetry Sensor receives and processes data from a port that is configured as ERSPAN.

Capability to limit IPv6 Mroutes per VRF

This feature lets you configure a limit to the number of mroutes on an interface. By limiting the mroutes, you can avoid the risk of flooding the network with mroutes therefore protecting the router from resource overload and also preventing DoS attacks.

Configuring EVPN VXLAN External Connectivity

You can configure the EVPN VXLAN external connectivity for enterprise routers. External connectivity refers to the movement of Layer 2 and Layer 3 traffic between an EVPN VXLAN network and an external network. This enables the EVPN VXLAN network to exchange routes with the externally connected network.

Enabling Segment Routing Flexible Algorithm with IS-IS:

Segment Routing Flexible Algorithm with IS-IS: Segment Routing Flexible Algorithm allows operators to customize IGP shortest path computation according to their own needs. An operator can assign custom SR prefix-SIDs to realize forwarding beyond link-cost-based SPF. As a result, Flexible Algorithm provides a traffic engineered path automatically computed by the IGP to any destination reachable by the IGP. This release also introduces support for the following functionalities:

  • Flex Algo prefix metric: Flex-algo prefix-metric allows to associate metric computed in given flex-algo with a prefix during prefix inter-level leaking or during inter-domain redistribution .This help to compute optimal inter-level or inter-domain path Support for affinities include any/all: Ability to pick and choose the links that they want. User can use a certain path without creating a label stack by using the Prefix SIDs or Adjacency SIDs.

  • TI LFA + uLoop Avoidance: Allows computation of Loop Free Alternate (LFA) paths. TI-LFA backup paths using the same constraints as the calculation of the primary paths for Flexible Algorithms, for IS-IS Inter-area leaking of Flexible Algorithm SIDs and prefixes and selectively filtering the paths that are installed to the MFI are also supported.

License Management for Smart Licensing Using Policy, Using Cisco vManage

Cisco SD-WAN operates together with Cisco SSM to provide license management through Cisco vManage for devices operating with Cisco SD-WAN. For this you have to implement a topology where Cisco vManage is connected to CSSM.

For information about this topology, see the Connected to CSSM Through a Controller, and to know how to implement it, see the Workflow for Topology: Connected to CSSM Through a Controller sections of the Smart Licensing Using Policy for Cisco Enterprise Routing Platforms guide.

For more information about Cisco vManage, see the License Management for Smart Licensing Using Policy section of the Cisco SD-WAN Getting Start Guide.

For a more detailed overview on Cisco Licensing, go to cisco.com/go/licensingguide

Support for 25G Interface

The ASR 1000 now supports an interface speed of 25G to prevent a single interface causing bottle necks to the overall performance of the router.

Traffic Steering by Dropping Invalid Paths

If the SR-TE Policy has no valid paths defined, the paths are dropped and traffic being steered through the policy falls back to the default (unconstrained IGP) forwarding path. Also, when a SR-TE policy carrying best-effort traffic fails, traffic is re-routed and this impacts the SLA for premium traffic.To solve this issue, if the SR-TE policy fails, the traffic in the data plane is dropped but kept in the controlplane. Therefore, other SR policies, potentially carrying premium traffic, are not impacted.

Tunnel Path MTU discovery on MPLS-enabled GRE tunnel

You can now use the tunnel mpls-ip-only command to configure how the Do Not Fragment bit from the payload is copied into the tunnel packets IP header. If the Do Not Fragment bit is not set, the payload is fragmented if an IP packet exceeds the MTU set for the interface.

View traffic counters for SR-TE policies

You can now view the traffic counters of SR-TE policies using the show segment-routing traffic-eng policy command.

View Traffic Counters for SR-TE Policies

The existing command show segment-routing traffic-eng policy is improved to display the traffic rate on the tunnel interface​. No configuration is required to enable this feature.

New and Enhanced Software Features for Cisco CUBE

Feature

Description

Secure forking for non-secure flow in CUBE

Before Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5.1, Media Proxy supported nonsecure forking of nonsecure calls for both SIPREC and proprietary CUCM and secure forking of secure calls for proprietary CUCM. From Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5.1, proprietary CUCM supports a combination of secure and nonsecure forking and SIPREC supports secure forking of nonsecure calls using Media Proxy. The configured dial peers can be all secure, all nonsecure, or a combination of secure and nonsecure. The total number of recorders permitted is five. The first secure dial peer is used to set up the B2B call leg. The behavior in Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.4.1 and earlier releases continues if there are no secure dial peers configured. You can use the media-recording proxy secure command to configure secure dial peers.

Cisco Bug Search Tool

Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST) is a gateway to the Cisco bug-tracking system, which maintains a comprehensive list of defects and vulnerabilities in Cisco products and software. The BST provides you with detailed defect information about your products and software.

Resolved and Open Bugs for Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5

Resolved Bugs for Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5

Caveat ID Number

Description

CSCvu97660

Dataplan crash seen at pppoe

CSCvv48647

C8500L-8S4X may crash during redundancy force-switchover when dual-RP is enabled

CSCvv54152

CDP on interfaces is not enabled when CDP is enabled globally on ASR Routers in controller mode

CSCvw12396

17.3:ASR1K:NTT:ESP200-X crashed while unbinding 100K PPPoX sessions

CSCvv25049

Fluctuation of around 5-10% is seen in perf with IMIX profile in ESP100x/ESP200x with NBAR and FWALL

CSCvw48943

Crypto ikev2 proposals are not processed separately

CSCvw54076

[SIT]: BFD sessions not established between Edges, with UTD enabled

CSCvw58560

FlexVPN reactivate primary peer feature does not work with secondary peer tracking

CSCvw62805

SDWAN ZBFW CPU punted traffic mishandling -- Out2In packet looped

CSCvw70009

ASR 1000 Series: fman_rp crash seen on 16.9.X when "show platform software nat RP active logging" is run

CSCvw70461

ZBFW: Classification of traffic not happening correctly sometimes when a rule in RS is edited.

CSCvw71941

QFP crash in cpp_ess_tc_tgt_if_fm_edit_helper

CSCvw73701

ZBFW: Stale ACL entries seen on ASR 1000 Series

CSCvw74921

APPNAV CFT crash on ISR

CSCvx35902

fman_rp: qos_hqf [L:1.0, N:0x3485061e18 ] (0p, 0c) download to FP failed resulting in a crash.

CSCvx26065

1006-X: Box rebooted after critical process cpp_cp_svr has failed (rc 134), 8K BFDs

CSCvv99281

BQS crash on PPPoE session churn overnight

CSCvx02965

17.5-ASR1k-9X,6X,13RU: fsck for harddisk always fails with error Device Busy.

Open Bugs for Cisco IOS XE Bengaluru 17.5

Caveat ID Number

Description

CSCvw94434

BQS crash seen at cpp_qm_event_proc_defer_cb

CSCvw98579

BQS crash seen in 17.3 while bringing up 30k PPPOE sessions

CSCvx69830

Cisco ASR 1000: BQS crash seen at cpp_qm_event_proc_defer_cb

CSCvr91128

NAT HA - stale tcp sessions in standby router

CSCvw13682

L3 connected lite session not coming up , stuck in data-plane(qfp)

CSCvw67366

ASR1002-X: Punt keepalive crashed due to bqs related interrupt

CSCvw90220

Crash at #12 0x00007f010f4cb9db in cpp_bqs_rm_yoda_get_flush_obj while subscriber bringup

CSCvx08118

ASR1001-X: Bug to further address CSCvt08179 : QFP crash due to hardware interrupt

CSCvx29526

Ping and traffic not working with qinq configuration with ethertype 0x9200 configured

CSCvx67019

High QFP utilization with stateless static bind

CSCvy24239

GD B2B crash at ipv4_nat_ha_rcv_stby_sess_del_notify_rsp

CSCvw79553

Sharkmuffin: OOS alarm notifications support for unsupported/swap EPA's on vManage.

ROMmon Release Requirements

For more information on ROMmon support for Route Processors (RPs), Embedded Services Processors (ESPs), Modular Interface Processors (MIPs), and Shared Port Adapter Interface Processors (SIPs) on Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers, see https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/routers/asr1000/rommon/asr1000-rommon-upg-guide.html

Note

After upgrading the ROMmon to version 17.3(1r), you cannot revert it to a version earlier than 17.3(1r) for the following platforms:
  • ASR 1001-X

  • ASR 1001-HX

  • ASR 1002-HX

This restriction is only applicable for these platforms. If you have upgraded to ROMmon version 17.3(1r) on any other platform, reverting to an earlier version of ROMmon is permitted and does not cause any technical issues.

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