Release Notes for Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches, Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.x

Introduction

Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches and Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance are Cisco's lead, fixed core and aggregation enterprise switching platforms. They have been purpose-built to address emerging trends of Security, IoT, Mobility, and Cloud.

They deliver complete convergence in terms of ASIC architecture with Unified Access Data Plane (UADP) 2.0 on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches and UADP 3.0 on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance. The platform runs an Open Cisco IOS XE that supports model driven programmability. This series forms the foundational building block for SD-Access, which is Cisco’s lead enterprise architecture.


Note

With the introduction of the High Performance models in the series, there may be differences in the supported and unsupported features, limitations, and caveats that apply to the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches and Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance models. Throughout this release note document, any such differences are expressly called out. If they are not, the information applies to all models in the series.

Whats New in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c release applies only to Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance. There are no new hardware or software features in this release. For the list of open and resolved caveats in this release, see Caveats.

Whats New in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

Hardware Features in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

Table 1. Hardware Features Introduced on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches (C9500-12Q, C9500-16X, C9500-24Q, C9500-40X)

Feature Name

Description and Documentation Link

Direct-Attach Copper Cable

  • Supported cable product number: QSFP-H40G-CU0-5M.

  • Compatible switch model numbers: C9500-12Q, C9500-16X, C9500-24Q, C9500-40X.

  • Compatible network modules: C9500-NM-2Q.

For information about the module, see Cisco 40GBASE QSFP Modules Data Sheet. For information about device compatibility, see the Transceiver Module Group (TMG) Compatibility Matrix.

Table 2. Hardware Features Introduced on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches-High Performance (C9500-24Y4C, C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, and C9500-48Y4C

Feature Name

Description and Documentation Link

Cisco SFP Modules for Gigabit Ethernet

  • Supported transceiver module product numbers—GLC-T and GLC-TE (10 and 100 Mbps supported).

  • Compatible switch models— C9500-48Y4C, C9500-24Y4C.

For information about the module, see Cisco SFP Modules for Gigabit Ethernet Applications Data Sheet. For information about device compatibility, see the Transceiver Module Group (TMG) Compatibility Matrix.

Cisco 100BASE-X Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) Modules

  • Supported transceiver module product number— GLC-GE-100FX.

  • Compatible switch models—C9500-48Y4C, C9500-24Y4C.

For information about the module, see Cisco 100BASE-X Small Form-Factor Pluggable Modules for Fast Ethernet Applications Data Sheet. For information about device compatibility, see the Transceiver Module Group (TMG) Compatibility Matrix.

Cisco 100GBASE QSFP-100G Modules

  • Supported transceiver module product number—QSFP-40/100-SRBD.

    40G and 100G modes are supported. By default, the 100G mode is effective. For 40G, configure the speed command, in the interface configuration mode.

  • Compatible switch models—C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, C9500-48Y4C, C9500-24Y4C.

For information about the module, see Cisco 100GBASE QSFP-100G Modules Data Sheet. For information about device compatibility, see the Transceiver Module Group (TMG) Compatibility Matrix.

Direct-Attach Copper Cable

  • Supported cable product number: QSFP-H40G-CU0-5M.

  • Compatible switch model numbers: C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, C9500-48Y4C, C9500-24Y4C.

For information about the module, see Cisco 40GBASE QSFP Modules Data Sheet. For information about device compatibility, see the Transceiver Module Group (TMG) Compatibility Matrix.

Software Features in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

Software Features Introduced on All Models

Feature Name

Description, Documentation Link, and License Level Information

Autoconf Device Granularity to PID of Cisco Switch

Introduces the platform type filter option for class map and parameter map configurations. Use the map platform-type command in parameter map filter configuration mode, to set the parameter map attribute and the match platform-type command in control class-map filter configuration mode, to evaluate control classes.

See Network Management → Configuring Autoconf.

(Network Essentials and Network Advantage)

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Ethernet VPN (EVPN) Route Target (RT) Autonomous System Number (ASN) Rewrite

Introduces support for the rewrite-evpn-rt-asn command in address-family configuration mode. This command enables the rewrite of the ASN portion of the EVPN route target that originates from the current autonomous system, with the ASN of the target eBGP EVPN peer.

See IP Routing Commands → rewrite-evpn-rt-asn.

(Network Advantage)

Bidirectional Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM)

Introduces support for bidirectional PIM. This feature is an extension of the PIM suite of protocols that implements shared sparse trees with bidirectional data flow. In contrast to PIM-sparse mode, bidirectional PIM avoids keeping source-specific state in a router and allows trees to scale to an arbitrary number of sources.

See IP Multicast Routing → Configuring Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM).

(Network Advantage)

Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) Xconnect on Subinterfaces

Transports Ethernet traffic from a source 802.1Q VLAN to a destination 802.1Q VLAN through a single virtual circuit over an Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) network.

See Multiprotocol Label Switching → Configuring Ethernet-over-MPLS and Pseudowire Redundancy.

(Network Advantage)

High Availability support for MACsec Key Agreement (MKA)

Support for high availability for MKA sessions is introduced. MKA sessions are now SSO-aware. In the event of failure of the active switch, the standby switch takes over the existing MKA sessions in a minimally disruptive switchover. Since high availability for MKA MACSec is introduced in this release, existing MKA MACSec sessions must be cleared once using clear mka sessions if software image is upgraded from older releases using ISSU.

See Security → MACsec Encryption.

(Network Advantage)

IEEE 1588v2, Precision Time Protocol (PTP) support

Introduces support for PTP Version 2 (PTPv2) on the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance. PTP is defined in IEEE 1588 as Precision Clock Synchronization for Networked Measurements and Control Systems, and was developed to synchronize the clocks in packet-based networks that include distributed device clocks of varying precision and stability. A PTP profile is the set of allowed PTP features applicable to a device.

Introduces PTP support on native Layer 3 ports on all the variants of the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches.

See Configuring Precision Time Protocol (PTP).

(Network Advantage)

IPv4 and IPv6: Object Groups for access control lists (ACLs)

Enables you to classify users, devices, or protocols into groups and apply them to ACLs, to create access control policies for these groups. With this feature, you use object groups instead of individual IP addresses, protocols, and ports, which are used in conventional ACLs. It allows multiple access control entries (ACEs), and you can use each ACE to allow or deny an entire group of users the access to a group of servers or services.

See Security → Object Groups for ACLs.

(Network Essentials and Network Advantage)

MPLS Layer 2 VPN over GRE

Provides a mechanism for tunneling Layer 2 MPLS packets over a non-MPLS network.

See Multiprotocol Label Switching → Configuring MPLS Layer 2 VPN over GRE.

(Network Advantage)

MPLS Layer 3 VPN over Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE)

Provides a mechanism for tunneling Layer 3 MPLS packets over a non-MPLS network.

See Multiprotocol Label Switching → Configuring MPLS Layer 3 VPN over GRE.

(Network Advantage)

MPLS Subinterface Support

MPLS is now supported on Layer 3 subinterfaces.

See VLAN → Configuring Layer 3 Subinterfaces.

(Network Advantage)

Network Address Translation (NAT) license level change

The NAT feature is now available with the Network Advantage license.

See IP Addressing Services → Configuring Network Address Translation.

(Network Advantage)

Port Channel with Subinterface

Subinterfaces can now be created on Layer 3 port channels.

See VLAN → Configuring Layer 3 Subinterfaces.

(Network Essentials and Network Advantage)

Programmability

  • IoX Support of Docker

  • Model-Driven Telemetry gNMI Dial-In

  • NETCONF-YANG SSH Server Support

  • YANG Data Models

The following programmability features are introduced in this release:

  • Model-Driven Telemetry gNMI Dial-In—Support for telemetry subscriptions and updates over a gRPC Network Management Interface (gNMI).

  • NETCONF-YANG SSH Server Support—NETCONF-YANG supporting the use of IOS Secure Shell (SSH) public keys (RSA) to authenticate users as an alternative to password-based authentication.

  • YANG Data Models—For the list of Cisco IOS XE YANG models available with this release, navigate to: https://github.com/YangModels/yang/tree/master/vendor/cisco/xe/16121.

    Some of the models introduced in this release are not backward compatible. For the complete list, navigate to: https://github.com/YangModels/yang/tree/master/vendor/cisco/xe/16121/BIC.

    Revision statements embedded in the YANG files indicate if there has been a model revision. The README.md file in the same GitHub location highlights changes that have been made in the release.

See Programmability.

(Network Essentials and Network Advantage)

Seamless MPLS

Integrates multiple networks into a single MPLS domain. It removes the need for service specific configurations in network transport nodes.

See Multiprotocol Label Switching → Configuring Seamless MPLS.

(Network Advantage)

Simplified Factory Reset for Removable Storage

Performing a factory reset now also erases the contents of removable storage devices such as Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA), Solid State Drive (SSD), and USB.

See System Management → Performing Factory Reset.

(Network Advantage)

Source Group Tag (SGT), Destination Group Tag (DGT) over FNF for IPv6 traffic

Introduces support for SGT and DGT fields over FNF, for IPv6 traffic.

See Network Management → Configuring Flexible NetFlow.

(Network Advantage)

VPN Routing and Forwarding-aware Policy Based Routing (VRF-aware PBR)

The PBR feature is now VRF-aware and can be configured on VRF lite interfaces. You can enable policy based routing of packets for a VRF instance.

See IP Routing → Configuring VRF aware PBR.

(Network Advantage)

New on the Web UI

  • 802.1X Port-Based Authentication

  • Audio Video Bridging

Use the WebUI for:

  • 802.1X Port-Based Authentication—Supports IEEE 802.1X authentication configuration at the interface level. This type of access control and authentication protocol restricts unauthorized clients from connecting to a LAN through publicly accessible ports

  • Audio Video Bridging—Supports configuration and monitoring of Ethernet based audio/video deployments using the IEEE 802.1BA standard. This enables low latency and high dedicated bandwidth for time-sensitive audio and video streams for a professional grade experience.

Software Features Introduced on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches

Feature Name

Description, Documentation Link, and License Level Information

Bluetooth Dongle

Introduces support for external USB Bluetooth dongles. The connected dongle acts as a Bluetooth host and serves as a management port connection on the device.

See Interface and Hardware Components → Configuring an External USB Bluetooth Dongle.

(Network Essentials and Network Advantage)

Flexlink+

Configures a pair of Layer 2 interfaces - one interface is configured to act as a backup for the other interface.

See Layer 2 → Configuring Flexlink+.

(Network Essentials and Network Advantage)

IPv6: BGP

IPv6 support is introduced for the following features:

  • IPv6: BGP Hide Local Autonomous System

  • IPv6: BGP Named Community Lists

  • IPv6: BGP Neighbor Policy

  • IPv6: BGP Prefix-Based Outbound Route Filtering

  • IPv6: BGP Restart Neighbor Session After Max-Prefix Limit Reached

  • IPv6: BGP Support for Fast Peering Session Deactivation

  • IPv6: BGP Selective Address Tracking

  • IPv6: BGP IPv6 PIC Edge and Core for IP/MPLS

  • IPv6: Multiprotocol BGP Link-local Address Peering

  • IPv6: BGP Route-Map Continue

  • IPv6: BGP Route-Map Continue Support for Outbound Policy

  • IPv6: BGP Support for IP Prefix Import from Global Table into a VRF Table

  • IPv6: BGP Named Community Lists

  • IPv6: BGP Support for Sequenced Entries in Extended Community Lists

  • IPv6: BGP Support for TTL Security Check

  • IPv6: BGP Support for BFD

(Network Advantage)

IPv6: Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS)

IPv6 support is introduced for the following IS-IS features:

  • Integrated ISIS Point to Point Adjacency over Broadcast Media

  • Integrated ISIS Protocol Shutdown Support Maintaining Configuration Parameters

IPv6: IP Enhanced IGRP Route Authentication

IPv6 support is introduced for IP Enhanced IGRP Route Authentication.

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs)

IPv6 support is introduced for the following IP SLA features:

  • IPv6: IP SLAs - Multi Operation Scheduler

  • IPv6: IP SLAs - One Way Measurement

  • IPv6: IP SLAs - VoIP Threshold Traps

  • IPv6: IP SLAs - Additional Threshold Traps

  • IPv6: IP SLAs - Random Scheduler

  • IPv6: IP SLAs - Sub-millisecond Accuracy Improvements

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: MIBs for IPv6 Traffic

Introduces IPv6 support for the following MIBs:

  • IP Forwarding Table MIB (RFC4292)

  • Management Information Base for the Internet Protocol (IP) (RFC4293

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: Multicast Routing

IPv6 support is introduced for the following multicast routing features:

  • IPv6: Address Family Support for Multiprotocol BGP

  • IPv6: Address Group Range Support

  • IPv6: PIMv6 Anycast RP solution

(Network Advantage)

IPv6: Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

IPv6 support is introduced for the following MPLS features:

  • IPv6: MPLS VPN VRF CLI for IPv4 and IPv6 VPNs

  • IPv6: EIGRP IPv6 NSF/GR

  • IPv6: EIGRP MPLS VPN PE-CE

  • IPv6: Route Target Rewrite

  • IPv6: eiBGP Multipath

(Network Advantage)

IPv6: Neighbor Discovery

IPv6 support is introduced for the following Neighbor Discovery features:

  • IPv6: Global IPv6 entries for unsolicited NA

  • IPv6: HA support

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

IPv6 support is introduced for the following OSPF features:

  • IPv6: NSF - OSPF

  • IPv6: OSPF Flooding Reduction

  • IPv6: OSPF Link State Database Overload Protection

  • IPv6: OSPF On Demand Circuit (RFC 1793)

  • IPv6: OSPF Packet Pacing

  • IPv6: OSPF Support for Multi-VRF on CE Routers

  • IPv6: OSPFv3 NSR

  • IPv6: OSPFv3 Retransmission Limits

  • IPv6: OSPF for IPv6 (OSPFv3) Authentication Support with IPsec

  • IPv6: OSPFv3 Graceful Restart

  • IPv6: VRF aware OSPFv3, EIGRPv6, BGPv6

  • IPv6: OSPFv3 Fast Convergence - LSA and SPF throttling

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: PBR Recursive Next-Hop

IPv6 support is introduced for PBR Recursive Next-Hop option.

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: Proxy Mobile

IPv6 support is introduced for PMIPv6 Hybrid Access.

IPv6: Services

IPv6 support is introduced for AAAA DNS Lookups over an IPv6 Transport.

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: Time-Based Access Lists Using Time Ranges

IPv6 support is introduced for Time-Based Access Lists using time ranges.

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

IPv6: Triggered RIP

IPv6 support is introduced for Triggered Extensions to RIP.

IPv6-based Posture Validation

Introduces IPv6 support for Posture Validation.

(Network Advantage and Network Essentials)

Layer 3 Subinterface

Layer 3 interfaces forward IPv4 and IPv6 packets to another device using static or dynamic routing protocols. You can use Layer 3 interfaces for IP routing and inter-VLAN routing of Layer 2 traffic.

See VLAN → Configuring Layer 3 Subinterfaces.

MPLS VPN-Inter-AS Option B

Allows an MPLS Virtual Private Network (VPN) service provider to interconnect different autonomous systems to provide VPN services. In an Inter-AS Option B network, autonomous system boundary router (ASBR) peers are connected by one or more interfaces that are enabled to receive MPLS traffic.

See Multiprotocol Label Switching → Configuring MPLS InterAS Option B.

(Network Advantage)

Stack troubleshooting optimization

The output of the show tech-support stack command has been enhanced to include more stack-related information.

See High Availability Commands → show tech-support stack.

(A license level does not apply)

Software Features Introduced on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches-High Performance

Feature Name

Description, Documentation Link, and License Level Information

Cisco StackWise Virtual—Cisco QSFP to SFP or SFP+ Adapter (QSA module)

Introduces support for QSA module with Cisco StackWise Virtual.

  • Cisco QSA module with 10G SFP modules can be used as data ports and to configure StackWise Virtual links (SVLs) or Dual-Active Detection (DAD) links.

  • Cisco QSA module with 1G SFP modules can be used as data ports and to configure DAD links; they cannot be used to configure SVLs since SVLs are not supported on 1G interfaces.

See High Availability → Configuring Cisco StackWise Virtual.

(Network Advantage)

In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) with Cisco StackWise Virtual

Introduces support for ISSU with Cisco StackWise Virtual.

See High Availability → Configuring ISSU.

(Network Advantage)

Important Notes

Cisco StackWise Virtual - Supported and Unsupported Features

When you enable Cisco StackWise Virtual on the device

  • Layer 2, Layer 3, Security, Quality of Service, Multicast, Application, Monitoring and Management, Multiprotocol Label Switching, High Availability, and VXLAN BGP EVPN are supported.

    Contact the Cisco Technical Support Centre for the specific list of features that are supported under each one of these technologies.

  • Resilient Ethernet Protocol, Remote Switched Port Analyzer, and Sofware-Defined Access are NOT supported

Unsupported Features—All Models

  • Performance Monitoring (PerfMon)

  • Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF)-Aware web authentication

Unsupported Features—Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches

  • Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Additional Paths

  • Cisco TrustSec Network Device Admission Control (NDAC) on Uplinks

  • Flexible NetFlow—NetFlow v5 Export Protocol, 4-byte (32-bit) AS Number Support, TrustSec NetFlow IPv4 Security Group Access Control List (SGACL) Deny and Drop Export

  • Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP)

  • Lawful Intercept (LI)

  • Network-Powered Lighting (including COAP Proxy Server, 2-event Classification, Perpetual POE, Fast PoE)

  • PIM Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (PIM BFD), PIM Snooping.

  • Quality of Service—Classification (Layer 3 Packet Length, Time-to-Live (TTL)), per queue policer support, sharped profile enablement for egress per port queues, L2 Miss, Ingress Packet FIFO (IPF)

  • Unicast over Point to Multipoint (P2MP) Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE), Multicast over P2MP GRE.

  • VLAN Translation—One-to-One Mapping

Unsupported Features—Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance

  • Cisco Application Visibility and Control (AVC)

  • MPLS Label Distribution Protocol (MPLS LDP) VRF-Aware Static Labels

  • Next Generation Network-Based Application Recognition (NBAR) and Next Generation NBAR (NBAR2)

  • QoS Options on GRE Tunnel Interfaces

Complete List of Supported Features

For the complete list of features supported on a platform, see the Cisco Feature Navigator at https://www.cisco.com/go/cfn.

When you search for the list of features by platform select

  • CAT9500—to see all the features supported on the C9500-12Q, C9500-16X, C9500-24Q, C9500-40X models

  • CAT9500 HIGH PERFORMANCE (32C; 32QC; 48Y4C; 24Y4C)—to see all the features supported on the C9500-24Y4C, C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, and C9500-48Y4C models

Accessing Hidden Commands

Starting with Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.8.1a, as an improved security measure, the way in which hidden commands can be accessed has changed.

Hidden commands have always been present in Cisco IOS XE, but were not equipped with CLI help. This means that entering enter a question mark (?) at the system prompt did not display the list of available commands. For information about CLI help, see Understanding the Help System. Such hidden commands are only meant to assist Cisco TAC in advanced troubleshooting and are therefore not documented.

Starting with Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.8.1a, hidden commands are available under:

  • Category 1—Hidden commands in privileged or User EXEC mode. Begin by entering the service internal command to access these commands.

  • Category 2—Hidden commands in one of the configuration modes (global, interface and so on). These commands do not require the service internal command.

Further, the following applies to hidden commands under Category 1 and 2:

  • The commands have CLI help. Entering enter a question mark (?) at the system prompt displays the list of available commands.

    Note: For Category 1, enter the service internal command before you enter the question mark; you do not have to do this for Category 2.

  • The system generates a %PARSER-5-HIDDEN syslog message when the command is used. For example:
    *Feb 14 10:44:37.917: %PARSER-5-HIDDEN: Warning!!! 'show processes memory old-header ' is a hidden command. 
    Use of this command is not recommended/supported and will be removed in future.

Apart from category 1 and 2, there remain internal commands displayed on the CLI, for which the system does NOT generate the %PARSER-5-HIDDEN syslog message.


Important

We recommend that you use any hidden command only under TAC supervision.

If you find that you are using a hidden command, open a TAC case for help with finding another way of collecting the same information as the hidden command (for a hidden EXEC mode command), or to configure the same functionality (for a hidden configuration mode command) using non-hidden commands.


Default Interface Behaviour on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance Only

Starting with Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.1, the default interface for all High Performance models in the series changes from Layer 3 to Layer 2. Use the no switchport command to change the Layer 2 interface into Layer 3 mode.

Supported Hardware

Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches—Model Numbers

The following table lists the supported hardware models and the default license levels they are delivered with. For information about the available license levels, see section License Levels

The Base PIDs are the model numbers of the switch.

The Bundled PIDs indicate the orderable part numbers for base PIDs that are bundled with a particular network module; entering the show version , show module , or show inventory command on such a switch (bundled PID), displays its base PID.

Table 3. Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches

Switch Model

Default License Level1

Description

Base PIDs

C9500-12Q-E

Network Essentials

12 40-Gigabit Ethernet QSFP+ ports and two power supply slots

C9500-12Q-A

Network Advantage

C9500-16X-E

Network Essentials

16 1/10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP/SFP+ ports and two power supply slots

C9500-16X-A

Network Advantage

C9500-24Q-E

Network Essentials

24-Port 40-Gigabit Ethernet QSFP+ ports and two power supply slots

C9500-24Q-A

Network Advantage

C9500-40X-E

Network Essentials

40 1/10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP/SFP+ ports and two power supply slots

C9500-40X-A

Network Advantage

Bundled PIDs

C9500-16X-2Q-E

Network Essentials

16 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ port switch and a 2-Port 40-Gigabit Ethernet (QSFP) network module on uplink ports

C9500-16X-2Q-A

Network Advantage

C9500-24X-E

Network Essentials

16 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ port switch and an 8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet (SFP) network module on uplink ports

C9500-24X-A

Network Advantage

C9500-40X-2Q-E

Network Essentials

40 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ port switch and a 2-Port 40-Gigabit Ethernet (QSFP) network module on uplink ports

C9500-40X-2Q-A

Network Advantage

C9500-48X-E

Network Essentials

40 10-Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ port switch and an 8-Port 10-Gigabit Ethernet (SFP) network module on uplink ports

C9500-48X-A

Network Advantage

1 See section LicensingTable: Permitted Combinations, in this document for information about the add-on licenses that you can order.
Table 4. Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches-High Performance

Switch Model

Default License Level2

Description

C9500-24Y4C-E

Network Essentials

24 SFP28 ports that support 1/10/25-GigabitEthernet connectivity, four QSFP uplink ports that support 100/40-GigabitEthernet connectivity; two power supply slots.

C9500-24Y4C-A

Network Advantage

C9500-32C-E

Network Essentials

32 QSFP28 ports that support 40/100 GigabitEthernet connectivity; two power supply slots.

C9500-32C-A

Network Advantage

C9500-32QC-E

Network Essentials

32 QSFP28 ports, where you can have 24 ports that support 40-GigabitEthernet connectivity and 4 ports that support 100-GigabitEthernet connectivity, OR 32 ports that support 40-GigabitEthernet connectivity, OR 16 ports that support 100-GigabitEthernet connectivity; two power supply slots.

C9500-32QC-A

Network Advantage

C9500-48Y4C-E

Network Essentials

48 SFP28 ports that support 1/10/25-GigabitEthernet connectivity; four QSFP uplink ports that supports up to 100/40-GigabitEthernet connectivity; two power supply slots.

C9500-48Y4C-A

Network Advantage

2 See section LicensingTable: Permitted Combinations, in this document for information about the add-on licenses that you can order.

Network Modules

The following table lists optional network modules for uplink ports available with some configurations .

Network Module

Description

C9500-NM-8X

Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Network Module 8-port 1/10 Gigabit Ethernet with SFP/SFP+

Note the supported switch models (Base PIDs):

  • C9500-40X

  • C9500-16X

C9500-NM-2Q

Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Network Module 2-port 40 Gigabit Ethernet with QSFP+

Note the supported switch models (Base PIDs):

  • C9500-40X

  • C9500-16X

Compatibility Matrix

The following table provides software compatibility information.

Catalyst 9500 and 9500-High Performance

Cisco Identity Services Engine

Cisco Access Control Server

Cisco Prime Infrastructure

Gibraltar 16.12.2

2.6

-

PI 3.5 + PI 3.5 latest maintenance release + PI 3.5 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.5Downloads.

Gibraltar 16.12.1

2.6

-

PI 3.5 + PI 3.5 latest maintenance release + PI 3.5 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.5Downloads.

Gibraltar 16.11.1

2.6

2.4 Patch 5

5.4

5.5

PI 3.4 + PI 3.4 latest maintenance release + PI 3.4 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.4Downloads.

Gibraltar 16.10.1

2.3 Patch 1

2.4 Patch 1

5.4

5.5

PI 3.4 + PI 3.4 latest maintenance release + PI 3.4 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.4Downloads.

Fuji 16.9.4

2.3 Patch 1

2.4 Patch 1

5.4

5.5

PI 3.4 + PI 3.4 latest maintenance release + PI 3.4 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.4Downloads.

Fuji 16.9.3

2.3 Patch 1

2.4 Patch 1

5.4

5.5

PI 3.4 + PI 3.4 latest maintenance release + PI 3.4 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.4Downloads.

Fuji 16.9.2

2.3 Patch 1

2.4 Patch 1

5.4

5.5

PI 3.4 + PI 3.4 latest maintenance release + PI 3.4 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.4Downloads.

Fuji 16.9.1

2.3 Patch 1

2.4 Patch 1

5.4

5.5

PI 3.4 + PI 3.4 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.4Downloads.

Fuji 16.8.1a

2.3 Patch 1

2.4

5.4

5.5

PI 3.3 + PI 3.3 latest maintenance release + PI 3.3 latest device pack

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.3Downloads.

Everest 16.6.4a

2.2

2.3

5.4

5.5

PI 3.1.6 + Device Pack 13

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.1Downloads.

Everest 16.6.4

2.2

2.3

5.4

5.5

PI 3.1.6 + Device Pack 13

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.1Downloads.

Everest 16.6.3

2.2

2.3

5.4

5.5

PI 3.1.6 + Device Pack 13

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.1Downloads

Everest 16.6.2

2.2

2.3

5.4

5.5

PI 3.1.6 + Device Pack 13

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.1Downloads

Everest 16.6.1

2.2

5.4

5.5

PI 3.1.6 + Device Pack 13

See Cisco Prime Infrastructure 3.1Downloads

Everest 16.5.1a

2.1 Patch 3

5.4

5.5

-

Web UI System Requirements

The following subsections list the hardware and software required to access the Web UI:

Minimum Hardware Requirements

Processor Speed

DRAM

Number of Colors

Resolution

Font Size

233 MHz minimum3

512 MB4

256

1280 x 800 or higher

Small

3 We recommend 1 GHz
4 We recommend 1 GB DRAM

Software Requirements

Operating Systems

  • Windows 10 or later

  • Mac OS X 10.9.5 or later

Browsers

  • Google Chrome—Version 59 or later (On Windows and Mac)

  • Microsoft Edge

  • Mozilla Firefox—Version 54 or later (On Windows and Mac)

  • Safari—Version 10 or later (On Mac)

Upgrading the Switch Software

This section covers the various aspects of upgrading or downgrading the device software.


Note

You cannot use the Web UI to install, upgrade, or downgrade device software.

Finding the Software Version

The package files for the Cisco IOS XE software are stored on the system board flash device (flash:).

You can use the show version privileged EXEC command to see the software version that is running on your switch.


Note

Although the show version output always shows the software image running on the switch, the model name shown at the end of this display is the factory configuration and does not change if you upgrade the software license.

You can also use the dir filesystem: privileged EXEC command to see the directory names of other software images that you might have stored in flash memory.

Software Images

(C9500-12Q, C9500-16X, C9500-24Q, C9500-40X)

Release

Image Type

File Name

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

CAT9K_IOSXE

cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin

No Payload Encryption (NPE)

cat9k_iosxe_npe.16.12.01.SPA.bin

(C9500-24Y4C, C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, and C9500-48Y4C)

Release

Image Type

File Name

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c

CAT9K_IOSXE

cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01c.SPA.bin

No Payload Encryption (NPE)

cat9k_iosxe_npe.16.12.01c.SPA.bin

Automatic Boot Loader Upgrade

When you upgrade from the existing release on your switch to a later or newer release for the first time, the boot loader may be automatically upgraded, based on the hardware version of the switch. If the boot loader is automatically upgraded, it will take effect on the next reload. If you go back to the older release after this, the boot loader is not downgraded. The updated boot loader supports all previous releases.

For subsequent Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.x.x, or Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.x.x releases, if there is a new bootloader in that release, it may be automatically upgraded based on the hardware version of the switch when you boot up your switch with the new image for the first time.


Caution

Do not power cycle your switch during the upgrade.

Scenario

Automatic Boot Loader Response

If you boot Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 for the first time

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches, the boot loader may be upgraded to version 16.12.1r[FC1]. For example:
ROM: IOS-XE ROMMON
BOOTLDR: System Bootstrap, Version 16.12.1r, RELEASE SOFTWARE (P)
On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance, the boot loader may be upgraded to version 16.12.1r[FC1]. For example:
ROM: IOS-XE ROMMON
BOOTLDR: System Bootstrap, Version 16.12.1r, RELEASE SOFTWARE (P)

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches, you will see the following on the console, during the install operation , if you use install commands to upgrade software. On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance, the bootloader upgrade does not happen during the install operation. The upgrade happens when the image starts booting.

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
%IOSXEBOOT-4-BOOTLOADER_UPGRADE: (rp/0): ### Wed Jul 31 18:03:28 Universal 2019 PLEASE DO NOT POWER CYCLE 
### BOOT LOADER UPGRADING
waiting for upgrades to complete...

Field-Programmable Gate Array Version Upgrade

A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is a type of programmable memory device that exists on Cisco switches. They are re-configurable logic circuits that enable the creation of specific and dedicated functions.

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches, the FPGA upgrade process is part of the software image upgrade. On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches – High Performance, the FPGA upgrade happens automatically when the software image for Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 boots the first time. The FPGA version does not downgrade when you downgrade the software image.


Note

  • Not every software release has a change in the FPGA version.

  • The version change occurs as part of the regular software upgrade and you do not have to perform any other additional steps.


After completing the upgrade procedure, you can verify the FPGA version against the value in the table below. Enter the version command in ROMMON mode.

Platform

FPGA Version in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches

Secure Boot FPGA - 0x216 0x19032516

Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches – High Performance

Secure Boot FPGA - 0x19031223

Software Installation Commands


Note

The request platform software commands are deprecated starting from Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.10.1. The commands are visible on the CLI in this release and you can configure them, but we recommend that you use the install commands to upgrade or downgrade.
Note 
This table of commands is not supported on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance.

Device# request platform software package ?

clean

Cleans unnecessary package files from media

copy

Copies package to media

describe

Describes package content

expand

Expands all-in-one package to media

install

Installs the package

uninstall

Uninstalls the package

verify

Verifies In Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) software package compatibility

Summary of Software Installation Commands

Supported starting from Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.2 and later releases

To install and activate the specified file, and to commit changes to be persistent across reloads—install add file filename [ activate commit]

To separately install, activate, commit, abort, or remove the installation file—install ?

add file tftp: filename

Copies the install file package from a remote location to the device and performs a compatibility check for the platform and image versions.

activate [ auto-abort-timer]

Activates the file, and reloads the device. The auto-abort-timer keyword automatically rolls back image activation.

commit

Makes changes persistent over reloads.

rollback to committed

Rolls back the update to the last committed version.

abort

Aborts file activation, and rolls back to the version that was running before the current installation procedure started.

remove

Deletes all unused and inactive software installation files.

Upgrading with In Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) with Cisco StackWise Virtual

Follow these instructions to perform In Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 with Cisco StackWise Virtual, in install mode.

Before you begin

Note that you can use this procedure for the following upgrade scenarios:

When upgrading from ...

To...

Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.3 or Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.4

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.x

The sample output in this section displays upgrade from to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1.

Procedure


Step 1

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.

Switch# enable
Step 2

install add file activate issu commit

Use this command to automate the sequence of all the upgrade procedures, including downloading the images to both the switches, expanding the images into packages, and upgrading each switch as per the procedures.

Switch# install add file tftp:cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin activate issu commit
Step 3

show version

Use this command to verify the version of the new image.

The following sample output of the show version command displays the Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 image on the device:
Switch# show version
Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.12.01
Cisco IOS Software [Gibraltar], Catalyst L3 Switch Software (CAT9K_IOSXE), Version 16.12.1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2019 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
<output truncated>
Step 4

exit

Exits privileged EXEC mode and returns to user EXEC mode.


Downgrading with In Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) with Cisco StackWise Virtual

Follow these instructions to perform ISSU downgrade with Cisco StackWise Virtual, in install mode.

Before you begin

Note that you can use this procedure for the following upgrade scenarios:

When downgrading from ...

To...

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.3 or Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.4

The sample output in this section displays ISSU downgrade to Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.3.

SUMMARY STEPS

  1. enable
  2. install add file activate issu commit
  3. show version
  4. exit

DETAILED STEPS


Step 1

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode. Enter your password if prompted.

Switch# enable
Step 2

install add file activate issu commit

Use this command to automate the sequence of all the downgrade procedures, including downloading the images to both the switches, expanding the images into packages, and downgrading each switch as per the procedures.

Switch# install add file tftp:cat9k_iosxe.16.09.03.SPA.bin activate issu commit
Step 3

show version

Use this command to verify the version of the new image.

The following sample output of the show version command displays the Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.3 image on the device:
Switch# show version
Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.09.03
Cisco IOS Software [Fuji], Catalyst L3 Switch Software (CAT9K_IOSXE), Version 16.9.3, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2017 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Mon 22-Jul-19 22:38 by mcpre
<output truncated>
Step 4

exit

Exits privileged EXEC mode and returns to user EXEC mode.


Upgrading in Install Mode

Follow these instructions to upgrade from one release to another, in install mode. To perform a software image upgrade, you must be booted into IOS through boot flash:packages.conf

Before you begin

Note that you can use this procedure for the following upgrade scenarios:

When upgrading from ...

Use these commands...

To upgrade to...

Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.5.1a or Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.1

Only request platform software commands

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 (for Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches)

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c (for Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance)

Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.2 or later releases

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches use either install commands or request platform software commands

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.x

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance use install commands

The sample output in this section displays upgrade from

  • Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.5.1a to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 using request platform software commands.

  • Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.3 to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 using install commands.

Procedure


Step 1

Clean Up

Ensure that you have at least 1GB of space in flash to expand a new image. Clean up old installation files in case of insufficient space.

  • request platform software package clean
  • install remove inactive

The following sample output displays the cleaning up of unused files, by using the request platform software package clean command for upgrade scenario Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.5.1a to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1.

Switch# request platform software package clean
Running command on switch 1
Cleaning up unnecessary package files
No path specified, will use booted path flash:packages.conf
Cleaning flash:
Scanning boot directory for packages ... done.
Preparing packages list to delete ...
cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-espbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-guestshell.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-rpbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-rpboot.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-sipbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-sipspa.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-srdriver.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-webui.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
cat9k-wlc.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
File is in use, will not delete.
packages.conf
File is in use, will not delete.
done.
 
The following files will be deleted:
[1]:
/flash/cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.06.01..SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-espbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-guestshell.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpboot.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipspa.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-srdriver.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-webui.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k_iosxe.16.05.01a.SPA.conf
/flash/cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin
/flash/packages.conf.00-
 
Do you want to proceed? [y/n]y
[1]:
Deleting file flash:cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-espbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-guestshell.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-rpbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-rpboot.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-sipbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-sipspa.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-srdriver.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-webui.16.06.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.05.01a.SPA.conf ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin ... done.
Deleting file flash:packages.conf.00- ... done.
SUCCESS: Files deleted.
Switch#

The following sample output displays the cleaning up of unused files, by using the install remove inactive command, for upgrade scenario Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.3 to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1:

Switch# install remove inactive

install_remove: START Mon Jul 22 19:51:48 UTC 2019
Cleaning up unnecessary package files
Scanning boot directory for packages ... done.
Preparing packages list to delete ...
done.
 
The following files will be deleted:
[switch 1]:
/flash/cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-espbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-guestshell.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpboot.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipspa.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-srdriver.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-webui.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-wlc.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
/flash/packages.conf
 
Do you want to remove the above files? [y/n]y
[switch 1]:
Deleting file flash:cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-espbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-guestshell.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-rpbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-rpboot.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-sipbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-sipspa.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-srdriver.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-webui.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-wlc.16.06.03.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:packages.conf ... done.
SUCCESS: Files deleted.
--- Starting Post_Remove_Cleanup ---
Performing Post_Remove_Cleanup on all members
[1] Post_Remove_Cleanup package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Post_Remove_Cleanup on switch 1
Checking status of Post_Remove_Cleanup on [1]
Post_Remove_Cleanup: Passed on [1]
Finished Post_Remove_Cleanup
 
SUCCESS: install_remove Mon Jul 22 19:52:25 UTC 2019
Switch#

Step 2

Copy new image to flash

  1. copy tftp: flash:

    Use this command to copy the new image to flash: (or skip this step if you want to use the new image from your TFTP server)

    Switch# copy tftp://10.8.0.6//cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin flash:
    
    Destination filename [cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin]?
    Accessing tftp://10.8.0.6//cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin...
    Loading /cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin from 10.8.0.6 (via GigabitEthernet0/0): 
    !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    [OK - 601216545 bytes]
     
    601216545 bytes copied in 50.649 secs (11870255 bytes/sec)
     
    
  2. dir flash

    Use this command to confirm that the image has been successfully copied to flash.

    Switch# dir flash:*.bin
    Directory of flash:/*.bin
     
    Directory of flash:/
     
    434184 -rw- 601216545 Jul 22 2019 10:18:11 -07:00 cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin
    11353194496 bytes total (8976625664 bytes free)
    
    
Step 3

Set boot variable

  1. boot system flash:packages.conf

    Use this command to set the boot variable to flash:packages.conf .

    Switch(config)# boot system flash:packages.conf
    Switch(config)# exit
  2. write memory

    Use this command to save boot settings.

    Switch# write memory
  3. show boot system

    Use this command to verify the boot variable is set to flash:packages.conf .

    The output should display BOOT variable = flash:packages.conf .

    Switch# show boot system
Step 4

Software install image to flash

  • request platform software package install
  • install add file activate commit

The following sample output displays installation of the Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 software image to flash, by using the request platform software package install command, for upgrade scenario Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.5.1a to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1.

Switch# request platform software package install switch all file flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin
 
--- Starting install local lock acquisition on switch 1 ---
Finished install local lock acquisition on switch 1
 
Expanding image file: flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin
[]: Finished copying to switch
[1]: Expanding file
[1]: Finished expanding all-in-one software package in switch 1
SUCCESS: Finished expanding all-in-one software package.
[1]: Performing install
SUCCESS: install finished
[1]: install package(s) on switch 1
--- Starting list of software package changes ---
Old files list:
Removed cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-espbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-guestshell.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-rpbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-rpboot.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-sipbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-sipspa.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-srdriver.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-webui.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
Removed cat9k-wlc.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
New files list:
Added cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-espbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-guestshell.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-rpbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-rpboot.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-sipbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-sipspa.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Added cat9k-webui.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
Finished list of software package changes
SUCCESS: Software provisioned. New software will load on reboot.
[1]: Finished install successful on switch 1
Checking status of install on [1]
[1]: Finished install in switch 1
SUCCESS: Finished install: Success on [1]

Note 
Old files listed in the logs are not removed from flash.
The following sample output displays installation of the Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 software image to flash, by using the install add file activate commit command, for upgrade scenario Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.3 to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1:
Switch# install add file flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin activate commit
 
install_add_activate_commit: START Mon Jul 22 19:54:51 UTC 2019
 
System configuration has been modified.
Press Yes(y) to save the configuration and proceed.
Press No(n) for proceeding without saving the configuration.
Press Quit(q) to exit, you may save configuration and re-enter the command. [y/n/q]yBuilding configuration...
 
[OK]Modified configuration has been saved
 
*Mar 06 19:54:55.633: %IOSXE-5-PLATFORM: Switch 1 R0/0: Mar 06 19:54:55 install_engine.sh: 
%INSTALL-5-INSTALL_START_INFO: Started install one-shot flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bininstall_add_activate_commit: Adding PACKAGE
 
This operation requires a reload of the system. Do you want to proceed?
Please confirm you have changed boot config to flash:packages.conf [y/n]y
 
--- Starting initial file syncing ---
Info: Finished copying flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.bin to the selected switch(es)
Finished initial file syncing
 
--- Starting Add ---
Performing Add on all members
[1] Add package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Add on switch 1
Checking status of Add on [1]
Add: Passed on [1]
Finished Add
 
install_add_activate_commit: Activating PACKAGE
Following packages shall be activated:
/flash/cat9k-wlc.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-webui.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipspa.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpboot.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-guestshell.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-espbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
 
This operation requires a reload of the system. Do you want to proceed? [y/n]y
--- Starting Activate ---
Performing Activate on all members
[1] Activate package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Activate on switch 1
Checking status of Activate on [1]
Activate: Passed on [1]
Finished Activate
 
--- Starting Commit ---
Performing Commit on all members
 
*Mar 06 19:57:41.145: %IOSXE-5-PLATFORM: Switch 1 R0/0: Mar 06 19:57:41 rollback_timer.sh: 
%INSTALL-5-INSTALL_AUTO_ABORT_TIMER_PROGRESS: Install auto abort timer will expire in 7200 seconds [1] Commit package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Commit on switch 1
Checking status of Commit on [1]
Commit: Passed on [1]
Finished Commit
 
Install will reload the system now!
SUCCESS: install_add_activate_commit Mon Jul 22 19:57:48 UTC 2019
Switch#

Note 
The system reloads automatically after executing the install add file activate commit command. You do not have to manually reload the system.
Step 5

dir flash:

After the software has been successfully installed, use this command to verify that the flash partition has ten new .pkg files and three .conf files.

The following is sample output of the dir flash: command for upgrade scenario Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.5.1a to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1:
Switch# dir flash:*.pkg
 
Directory of flash:/*.pkg
Directory of flash:/
475140 -rw- 2012104   Jul 26 2017 09:52:41 -07:00 cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475141 -rw- 70333380  Jul 26 2017 09:52:44 -07:00 cat9k-espbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475142 -rw- 13256     Jul 26 2017 09:52:44 -07:00 cat9k-guestshell.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475143 -rw- 349635524 Jul 26 2017 09:52:54 -07:00 cat9k-rpbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475149 -rw- 24248187  Jul 26 2017 09:53:02 -07:00 cat9k-rpboot.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475144 -rw- 25285572  Jul 26 2017 09:52:55 -07:00 cat9k-sipbase.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475145 -rw- 20947908  Jul 26 2017 09:52:55 -07:00 cat9k-sipspa.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475146 -rw- 2962372   Jul 26 2017 09:52:56 -07:00 cat9k-srdriver.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475147 -rw- 13284288  Jul 26 2017 09:52:56 -07:00 cat9k-webui.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg
475148 -rw- 13248     Jul 26 2017 09:52:56 -07:00 cat9k-wlc.16.05.01a.SPA.pkg

491524 -rw- 25711568  Jul 22 2019 11:49:33 -07:00 cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491525 -rw- 78484428  Jul 22 2019 11:49:35 -07:00 cat9k-espbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491526 -rw- 1598412   Jul 22 2019 11:49:35 -07:00 cat9k-guestshell.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491527 -rw- 404153288 Jul 22 2019 11:49:47 -07:00 cat9k-rpbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491533 -rw- 31657374  Jul 22 2019 11:50:09 -07:00 cat9k-rpboot.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491528 -rw- 27681740  Jul 22 2019 11:49:48 -07:00 cat9k-sipbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491529 -rw- 52224968  Jul 22 2019 11:49:49 -07:00 cat9k-sipspa.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491530 -rw- 31130572  Jul 22 2019 11:49:50 -07:00 cat9k-srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491531 -rw- 14783432  Jul 22 2019 11:49:51 -07:00 cat9k-webui.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491532 -rw- 9160      Jul 22 2019 11:49:51 -07:00 cat9k-wlc.16.12.01.SPA.pkg

11353194496 bytes total (8963174400 bytes free)

The following is sample output of the dir flash: command for the Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.3 to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 upgrade scenario:
Switch# dir flash:
 
Directory of flash:/
475140 -rw- 2012104   Jul 26 2017 09:52:41 -07:00 cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475141 -rw- 70333380  Jul 26 2017 09:52:44 -07:00 cat9k-espbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475142 -rw- 13256     Jul 26 2017 09:52:44 -07:00 cat9k-guestshell.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475143 -rw- 349635524 Jul 26 2017 09:52:54 -07:00 cat9k-rpbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475149 -rw- 24248187  Jul 26 2017 09:53:02 -07:00 cat9k-rpboot.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475144 -rw- 25285572  Jul 26 2017 09:52:55 -07:00 cat9k-sipbase.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475145 -rw- 20947908  Jul 26 2017 09:52:55 -07:00 cat9k-sipspa.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475146 -rw- 2962372   Jul 26 2017 09:52:56 -07:00 cat9k-srdriver.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475147 -rw- 13284288  Jul 26 2017 09:52:56 -07:00 cat9k-webui.16.06.03.SPA.pkg
475148 -rw- 13248     Jul 26 2017 09:52:56 -07:00 cat9k-wlc.16.06.03.SPA.pkg

491524 -rw- 25711568  Jul 22 2019 11:49:33 -07:00 cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491525 -rw- 78484428  Jul 22 2019 11:49:35 -07:00 cat9k-espbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491526 -rw- 1598412   Jul 22 2019 11:49:35 -07:00 cat9k-guestshell.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491527 -rw- 404153288 Jul 22 2019 11:49:47 -07:00 cat9k-rpbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491533 -rw- 31657374  Jul 22 2019 11:50:09 -07:00 cat9k-rpboot.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491528 -rw- 27681740  Jul 22 2019 11:49:48 -07:00 cat9k-sipbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491529 -rw- 52224968  Jul 22 2019 11:49:49 -07:00 cat9k-sipspa.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491530 -rw- 31130572  Jul 22 2019 11:49:50 -07:00 cat9k-srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491531 -rw- 14783432  Jul 22 2019 11:49:51 -07:00 cat9k-webui.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
491532 -rw- 9160      Jul 22 2019 11:49:51 -07:00 cat9k-wlc.16.12.01.SPA.pkg

11353194496 bytes total (9544245248 bytes free)
Switch#

The following sample output displays the .conf files in the flash partition; note the two .conf files:

  • packages.conf—the file that has been re-written with the newly installed .pkg files

  • cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.conf— a backup copy of the newly installed packages.conf file

Switch# dir flash:*.conf
 
Directory of flash:/*.conf
Directory of flash:/

434197 -rw- 7406 Jul 22 2019 10:59:16 -07:00 packages.conf
516098 -rw- 7406 Jul 22 2019 10:58:08 -07:00 cat9k_iosxe.16.12.01.SPA.conf
11353194496 bytes total (8963174400 bytes free)
 
Step 6

Reload

  1. reload

    Use this command to reload the switch.

    Switch# reload
    
    
  2. boot flash:

    If your switches are configured with auto boot, then the stack will automatically boot up with the new image. If not, you can manually boot flash:packages.conf
    Switch: boot flash:packages.conf
    
    
  3. show version

    After the image boots up, use this command to verify the version of the new image.

    Note 
    When you boot the new image, the boot loader is automatically updated, but the new bootloader version is not displayed in the output until the next reload.
    The following sample output of the show version command displays the Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 image on the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches:
    Switch# show version
    Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.12.01
    Cisco IOS Software [Gibraltar], Catalyst L3 Switch Software (CAT9K_IOSXE), Version 16.12.1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc4)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2019 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Tue 30-Jul-19 19:26 by mcpre
    
    <output truncated>
    The following sample output of the show version command displays the Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c image on the Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance:
    Switch# show version
    Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.12.01c
    Cisco IOS Software [Gibraltar], Catalyst L3 Switch Software (CAT9K_IOSXE), Version 16.12.1c, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc4)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2019 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Tue 30-Jul-19 19:26 by mcpre
    
    <output truncated>

Downgrading in Install Mode

Follow these instructions to downgrade from one release to another, in install mode. To perform a software image downgrade, you must be booted into IOS via “ boot flash:packages.conf .”

Before you begin

Note that you can use this procedure for the following downgrade scenarios:

When downgrading from ...

Use these commands...

To downgrade to...

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 (for Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches)

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c (for Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance)

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches, either install commands or request platform software commands

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.x or an earlier release.

On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance use install commands

Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.x

The sample output in this section shows downgrade from Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 to Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.1, by using the install commands.


Important

New switch models that are introduced in a release cannot be downgraded. The release in which a switch model is introduced is the minimum software version for that model.

Procedure


Step 1

Clean Up

Ensure that you have at least 1GB of space in flash to expand a new image. Clean up old installation files in case of insufficient space.

  • install remove inactive
  • request platform software package clean
The following sample output displays the cleaning up of Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1 files using the install remove inactive command:
Switch# install remove inactive
 
install_remove: START Mon Jul 22 19:51:48 UTC 2019
Cleaning up unnecessary package files
Scanning boot directory for packages ... done.
Preparing packages list to delete ...
done.
 
The following files will be deleted:
[switch 1]:
/flash/cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-espbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-guestshell.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpboot.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipspa.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-webui.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-wlc.16.12.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/packages.conf
 
Do you want to remove the above files? [y/n]y
[switch 1]:
Deleting file flash:cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-espbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-guestshell.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-rpbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-rpboot.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-sipbase.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-sipspa.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-srdriver.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-webui.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:cat9k-wlc.16.12.01.SPA.pkg ... done.
Deleting file flash:packages.conf ... done.
SUCCESS: Files deleted.
--- Starting Post_Remove_Cleanup ---
Performing Post_Remove_Cleanup on all members
[1] Post_Remove_Cleanup package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Post_Remove_Cleanup on switch 1
Checking status of Post_Remove_Cleanup on [1]
Post_Remove_Cleanup: Passed on [1]
Finished Post_Remove_Cleanup
 
SUCCESS: install_remove Mon Jul 22 19:52:25 UTC 2019
Switch#

Step 2

Copy new image to flash

  1. copy tftp: flash:

    Use this command to copy the new image to flash: (or skip this step if you want to use the new image from your TFTP server)

    Switch# copy tftp://10.8.0.6//cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin flash:
    
    Destination filename [cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin]?
    Accessing tftp://10.8.0.6//cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin...
    Loading /cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin from 10.8.0.6 (via GigabitEthernet0/0): 
    !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    [OK - 508584771 bytes]
    508584771 bytes copied in 101.005 secs (5035244 bytes/sec)
     
    
  2. dir flash:

    Use this command to confirm that the image has been successfully copied to flash.

    Switch# dir flash:*.bin
    Directory of flash:/*.bin
     
    Directory of flash:/
     
    434184 -rw- 508584771 Jul 22 2019 13:35:16 -07:00 cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin
    11353194496 bytes total (9055866880 bytes free)
    
    
Step 3

Downgrade software image

  • install add file activate commit
  • request platform software package install
The following example displays the installation of the Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.1 software image to flash, by using the install add file activate commit command.
Switch# install add file flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin activate commit
 
install_add_activate_commit: START Mon Jul 22 19:54:51 UTC 2019
 
System configuration has been modified.
Press Yes(y) to save the configuration and proceed.
Press No(n) for proceeding without saving the configuration.
Press Quit(q) to exit, you may save configuration and re-enter the command. [y/n/q]yBuilding configuration...
 
[OK]Modified configuration has been saved
 
*Jul 22 19:54:55.633: %IOSXE-5-PLATFORM: Switch 1 R0/0: Jul 22 19:54:55 install_engine.sh: %INSTALL-
5-INSTALL_START_INFO: Started install one-shot flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin install_add_activate_commit: Adding PACKAGE
 
This operation requires a reload of the system. Do you want to proceed?
Please confirm you have changed boot config to flash:packages.conf [y/n]y
 
--- Starting initial file syncing ---
Info: Finished copying flash:cat9k_iosxe.16.06.01.SPA.bin to the selected switch(es)
Finished initial file syncing
 
--- Starting Add ---
Performing Add on all members
[1] Add package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Add on switch 1
Checking status of Add on [1]
Add: Passed on [1]
Finished Add
 
install_add_activate_commit: Activating PACKAGE
Following packages shall be activated:
/flash/cat9k-wlc.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-webui.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-srdriver.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipspa.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-sipbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpboot.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-rpbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-guestshell.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-espbase.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
/flash/cat9k-cc_srdriver.16.06.01.SPA.pkg
 
This operation requires a reload of the system. Do you want to proceed? [y/n]y
--- Starting Activate ---
Performing Activate on all members
[1] Activate package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Activate on switch 1
Checking status of Activate on [1]
Activate: Passed on [1]
Finished Activate
 
--- Starting Commit ---
Performing Commit on all members
 
*Jul 22 19:57:41.145: %IOSXE-5-PLATFORM: Switch 1 R0/0: Jul 22 19:57:41 rollback_timer.sh: %INSTALL-
5-INSTALL_AUTO_ABORT_TIMER_PROGRESS: Install auto abort timer will expire in 7200 seconds [1] Commit package(s) on switch 1
[1] Finished Commit on switch 1
Checking status of Commit on [1]
Commit: Passed on [1]
Finished Commit
 
Install will reload the system now!
SUCCESS: install_add_activate_commit Mon Jul 22 19:57:48 UTC 2019
Switch#

Note 
The system reloads automatically after executing the install add file activate commit command. You do not have to manually reload the system.
Step 4

Reload

  1. reload

    Use this command to reload the switch.

    Switch# reload
    
    
  2. boot flash:

    If your switches are configured with auto boot, then the stack will automatically boot up with the new image. If not, you can manually boot flash:packages.conf
    Switch: boot flash:packages.conf
    
    
    Note 
    When you downgrade the software image, the boot loader does not automatically downgrade. It remains updated.
  3. show version

    After the image boots up, use this command to verify the version of the new image.

    Note 
    When you boot the new image, the boot loader is automatically updated, but the new bootloader version is not displayed in the output until the next reload.
    The following sample output of the show version command displays the Cisco IOS XE Everest 16.6.1 image on the device:
    Switch# show version
    Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.06.01
    Cisco IOS Software [Everest], Catalyst L3 Switch Software (CAT9K_IOSXE), Version 16.6.1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
    Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
    Copyright (c) 1986-2017 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
    Compiled Fri 16-Mar-18 06:38 by mcpre
    <output truncated>

Licensing

This section provides information about the licensing packages for features available on Cisco Catalyst 9000 Series Switches.

License Levels

The software features available on Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches and Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance fall under these base or add-on license levels.

Base Licenses

  • Network Essentials

  • Network Advantage—Includes features available with the Network Essentials license and more.

Add-On Licenses

Add-On Licenses require a Network Essentials or Network Advantage as a pre-requisite. The features available with add-on license levels provide Cisco innovations on the switch, as well as on the Cisco Digital Network Architecture Center (Cisco DNA Center).

  • DNA Essentials

  • DNA Advantage— Includes features available with the DNA Essentials license and more.

To find information about platform support and to know which license levels a feature is available with, use Cisco Feature Navigator. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to https://www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on cisco.com is not required.

License Types

The following license types are available:

  • Permanent—for a license level, and without an expiration date.

  • Term—for a license level, and for a three, five, or seven year period.

  • Evaluation—a license that is not registered.

License Levels - Usage Guidelines

  • Base licenses (Network Essentials and Network-Advantage) are ordered and fulfilled only with a permanent license type.

  • Add-on licenses (DNA Essentials and DNA Advantage) are ordered and fulfilled only with a term license type.

  • An add-on license level is included when you choose a network license level. If you use DNA features, renew the license before term expiry, to continue using it, or deactivate the add-on license and then reload the switch to continue operating with the base license capabilities.

  • When ordering an add-on license with a base license, note the combinations that are permitted and those that are not permitted:

    Table 5. Permitted Combinations

    DNA Essentials

    DNA Advantage

    Network Essentials

    Yes

    No

    Network Advantage

    Yes5

    Yes

    5 You will be able to purchase this combination only at the time of the DNA license renewal and not when you purchase DNA-Essentials the first time.
  • Evaluation licenses cannot be ordered. They are not tracked via Cisco Smart Software Manager and expire after a 90-day period. Evaluation licenses can be used only once on the switch and cannot be regenerated. Warning system messages about an evaluation license expiry are generated only 275 days after expiration and every week thereafter. An expired evaluation license cannot be reactivated after reload.

Smart Licensing

Cisco Smart Licensing is a unified license management system that manages all the software licenses across Cisco products.

It enables you to purchase, deploy, manage, track and renew Cisco Software. It provides information about license ownership and consumption through a single user interface.

The solution is composed of Smart Accounts and Cisco Smart Software Manager. The former is an online account of your Cisco software assets and is required to use the latter. Cisco Smart Software Manager is where you can perform all your licensing management related tasks, such as, registering, de-registering, moving, and transferring licenses. Users can be added and given access and permissions to the smart account and specific virtual accounts.


Important

Cisco Smart Licensing is the default and the only available method to manage licenses.

Deploying Smart Licensing

The following provides a process overview of a day 0 to day N deployment directly initiated from a device that is running Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.1 or later releases. Links to the configuration guide provide detailed information to help you complete each one of the smaller tasks.

Procedure

Step 1

Begin by establishing a connection from your network to Cisco Smart Software Manager on cisco.com.

In the software configuration guide of the required release, see System Management → Configuring Smart Licensing → Connecting to CSSM

Step 2

Create and activate your Smart Account, or login if you already have one.

To create and activate Smart Account, go to Cisco Software Central → Create Smart Accounts. Only authorized users can activate the Smart Account.

Step 3

Complete the Cisco Smart Software Manager set up.

  1. Accept the Smart Software Licensing Agreement.

  2. Set up the required number of Virtual Accounts, users and access rights for the virtual account users.

    Virtual accounts help you organize licenses by business unit, product type, IT group, and so on.

  3. Generate the registration token in the Cisco Smart Software Manager portal and register your device with the token.

    In the software configuration guide of the required release, see System Management → Configuring Smart Licensing → Registering the Device in CSSM


With this,

  • The device is now in an authorized state and ready to use.

  • The licenses that you have purchased are displayed in your Smart Account.

Using Smart Licensing on an Out-of-the-Box Device

Starting from Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.1, if an out-of-the-box device has the software version factory-provisioned, all licenses on such a device remain in evaluation mode until registered in Cisco Smart Software Manager.

In the software configuration guide of the required release, see System Management → Configuring Smart Licensing → Registering the Device in CSSM

How Upgrading or Downgrading Software Affects Smart Licensing

Starting from Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.1, Smart Licensing is the default and only license management solution; all licenses are managed as Smart Licenses.


Important

Starting from Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.1, the Right-To-Use (RTU) licensing mode is deprecated, and the associated license right-to-use command is no longer available on the CLI.

Note how upgrading to a release that supports Smart Licensing or moving to a release that does not support Smart Licensing affects licenses on a device:

  • When you upgrade from an earlier release to one that supports Smart Licensing—all existing licenses remain in evaluation mode until registered in Cisco Smart Software Manager. After registration, they are made available in your Smart Account.

    In the software configuration guide of the required release, see System Management → Configuring Smart Licensing → Registering the Device in CSSM

  • When you downgrade to a release where Smart Licensing is not supported—all smart licenses on the device are converted to traditional licenses and all smart licensing information on the device is removed.

Limitations and Restrictions

With Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches and Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance—If a feature is not supported on a switch model, you do not have to factor in any limitations or restrictons that may be listed here. If limitations or restrictions are listed for a feature that is supported, check if model numbers are specified, to know if they apply. If model numbers are not specified, the limitations or restrictons apply to all models in the series.

  • Auto negotiation

    We recommend not changing Forward Error Correction (FEC) when auto negotiation is ON. This is applicable to 100G/40G/25G CU cables on the C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, C9500-24Y4C and C9500-48Y4C models of the series.

    Auto negotiation is always ON for GLC-T and GLC-TE and cannot be disabled. This is applicable to GLC-T and GLC-TE on C9500-48Y4C and C9500-24Y4C models of the series.

  • Control Plane Policing (CoPP)—The show run command does not display information about classes configured under system-cpp policy, when they are left at default values. Use the show policy-map system-cpp-policy or the show policy-map control-plane commands in privileged EXEC mode instead.

  • Cisco StackWise Virtual

    • On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches, when Cisco StackWise Virtual is configured, breakout ports using 4X10G breakout cables, or the Cisco QSFP to SFP or SFP+ Adapter (QSA) module can only be used as data ports; they cannot be used to configure StackWise Virtual links (SVLs) or dual-active detective (DAD) links.

    • On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance,

      • When Cisco StackWise Virtual is configured, breakout ports using 4X25G or 4X10G breakout cables, or the Cisco QSA module can only be used as data ports; they cannot be used to configure SVLs or DAD links.

      • When Cisco StackWise Virtual is configured, Cisco QSA module with 10G SFP modules can be used as data ports and to configure SVLs or DAD links.

      • When Cisco StackWise Virtual is configured, Cisco QSA module with 1G SFP modules can be used as data ports and to configure DAD links; they cannot be used to configure SVLs since SVLs are not supported on 1G interfaces.

  • Cisco TrustSec restrictions—Cisco TrustSec can be configured only on physical interfaces, not on logical interfaces.

  • Flexible NetFlow limitations

    • You cannot configure NetFlow export using the Ethernet Management port (GigabitEthernet0/0).

    • You can not configure a flow monitor on logical interfaces, such as switched virtual interfaces (SVIs), port-channel, loopback, tunnels.

    • You can not configure multiple flow monitors of same type (ipv4, ipv6 or datalink) on the same interface for same direction.

  • Hardware limitations:

    • Use the MODE button to switch-off the beacon LED.

    • All port LED behavior is undefined until interfaces are fully initialized.

    • The following limitations apply to Cisco QSA Module (CVR-QSFP-SFP10G) when Cisco 1000Base-T Copper SFP (GLC-T) or Cisco 1G Fiber SFP Module for Multimode Fiber are plugged into the QSA module:

      • 1G Fiber modules over QSA do not support autonegotiation. Auto-negotiation should be disabled on the far-end devices.

      • Although visible in the CLI, the command [no] speed nonegotiate is not supported with 1G Fiber modules over QSA.

      • Only GLC-T over QSA supports auto-negotiation.

      • GLC-T supports only port speed of 1000 Mb/s over QSA. Port speeds of 10/100-Mb/s are not supported due to hardware limitation.

    • When you use Cisco QSFP-4SFP10G-CUxM Direct-Attach Copper Cables, autonegotiation is enabled by default. If the other end of the line does not support autonegotation, the link does not come up.

  • Interoperability limitations—When you use Cisco QSFP-4SFP10G-CUxM Direct-Attach Copper Cables, if one end of the 40G link is a Catalyst 9400 Series Switch and the other end is a Catalyst 9500 Series Switch, the link does not come up, or comes up on one side and stays down on the other. To avoid this interoperability issue between devices, apply the the speed nonegotiate command on the Catalyst 9500 Series Switch interface. This command disables autonegotiation and brings the link up. To restore autonegotiation, use the no speed nonegotiation command.

  • In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU)

    • In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU)—On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches (C9500-12Q, C9500-16X, C9500-24Q, C9500-40X), ISSU from Cisco IOS XE Fuji 16.9.x to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.10.x or to Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.x is not supported.

    • On Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches - High Performance (C9500-24Y4C, C9500-32C, C9500-32QC, and C9500-48Y4C), ISSU with Cisco StackWise Virtual is supported only starting from Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1. Therefore, ISSU upgrades can be performed only starting from this release to a later release.

    • While ISSU allows you to perform upgrades with zero downtime, we recommend you to do so during a maintenance window only.

    • If a new feature introduced in a software release requires a change in configuration, the feature should not be enabled during ISSU.

    • If a feature is not available in the downgraded version of a software image, the feature should be disabled before initiating ISSU.

  • Memory leak—When a logging discriminator is configured and applied to a device, memory leak is seen under heavy syslog or debug output. The rate of the leak is dependent on the quantity of logs produced. In extreme cases, the device may fail. As a workaround, disable the logging discriminator on the device.

  • QoS restrictions

    • When configuring QoS queuing policy, the sum of the queuing buffer should not exceed 100%.

    • For QoS policies, only switched virtual interfaces (SVI) are supported for logical interfaces.

    • QoS policies are not supported for port-channel interfaces, tunnel interfaces, and other logical interfaces.

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    • Use SSH Version 2. SSH Version 1 is not supported.

    • When the device is running SCP and SSH cryptographic operations, expect high CPU until the SCP read process is completed. SCP supports file transfers between hosts on a network and uses SSH for the transfer.

      Since SCP and SSH operations are currently not supported on the hardware crypto engine, running encryption and decryption process in software causes high CPU. The SCP and SSH processes can show as much as 40 or 50 percent CPU usage, but they do not cause the device to shutdown.

  • Wired Application Visibility and Control limitations:

    • NBAR2 (QoS and Protocol-discovery) configuration is allowed only on wired physical ports. It is not supported on virtual interfaces, for example, VLAN, port channel nor other logical interfaces.

    • NBAR2 based match criteria ‘match protocol’ is allowed only with marking or policing actions. NBAR2 match criteria will not be allowed in a policy that has queuing features configured.

    • ‘Match Protocol’: up to 256 concurrent different protocols in all policies.

    • NBAR2 and Legacy NetFlow cannot be configured together at the same time on the same interface. However, NBAR2 and wired AVC Flexible NetFlow can be configured together on the same interface.

    • Only IPv4 unicast (TCP/UDP) is supported.

    • AVC is not supported on management port (Gig 0/0)

    • NBAR2 attachment should be done only on physical access ports. Uplink can be attached as long as it is a single uplink and is not part of a port channel.

    • Performance—Each switch member is able to handle 500 connections per second (CPS) at less than 50% CPU utilization. Above this rate, AVC service is not guaranteed.

    • Scale—Able to handle up to 5000 bi-directional flows per 24 access ports and 10000 bi-directional flows per 48 access ports.

  • YANG data modeling limitation—A maximum of 20 simultaneous NETCONF sessions are supported.

Caveats

Caveats describe unexpected behavior in Cisco IOS releases. Caveats listed as open in a prior release are carried forward to the next release as either open or resolved.

Cisco Bug Search Tool

The Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST) allows partners and customers to search for software bugs based on product, release, and keyword, and aggregates key data such as bug details, product, and version. The BST is designed to improve the effectiveness in network risk management and device troubleshooting. The tool has a provision to filter bugs based on credentials to provide external and internal bug views for the search input.

To view the details of a caveat, click on the identifier.

Open Caveats in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.x

Identifier

Applicable Models

Description

CSCvp91363

All models

Failed to program the MAC address in Hardware upon MAC Move in VPLS

CSCvq69254

All models

16.12.1:SVL issu from 16.12.1 to 16.9.x results in truncated startup config

CSCvm86748

Catalyst 9500

9500-40x :phyloop back fails for forty gig ports

CSCvq22287

Catalyst 9500

9500 HSRP Active Not Learning the MAC Address of connected HSRP Standby

CSCvq29115

Catalyst 9500

Failed to get Board ID shown if stack member boots up

CSCvq41534

Catalyst 9500

Rommon variables are lost post emergency install in Cat9500

CSCvq36108

Catalyst 9500 High Performance

Traceback seen during issu with IGMP and MLD snooping features enabled

Resolved Caveats in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1c

Identifier

Applicable Models

Description

CSCvo02294

Catalyst 9500 High Performance

L3 configs are lost when upgraded to 16.11.1 or 16.12.1 from Pre-16.11.1 release

Resolved Caveats in Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.12.1

Identifier

Applicable Models

Description

CSCvm89086

All models

cat 9300 | span destination interface not dropping ingress traffic

CSCvn04524

All models

IP Source Guard blocks traffic after host IP renewal

CSCvn31653

All models

Missing/incorrect FED entries for IGMP Snooping on Cat9300/Cat3850/Cat3650

CSCvn77683

All models

Switch crashed at mcprp_pak_add_l3_inject_hdr with dhcp snooping

CSCvm89086

All models

cat 9300 | span destination interface not dropping ingress traffic

CSCvn04524

All models

IP Source Guard blocks traffic after host IP renewal

CSCvn31653

All models

Missing/incorrect FED entries for IGMP Snooping on Cat9300/Cat3850/Cat3650

CSCvn77683

All models

Switch crashed at mcprp_pak_add_l3_inject_hdr with dhcp snooping

CSCvn83940

All models

Cat9k TFTP copy failed with Port Security enabled

CSCvo15594

All models

Hardware MAC address programming issue for remote client catalyst 9300

CSCvo17778

All models

Cat9k not updating checksum after DSCP change

CSCvo24073

All models

multiple CTS sessions stuck in HELD/SAP_NE

CSCvo32446

All models

High CPU Due To Looped Packet and/or Unicast DHCP ACK Dropped

CSCvo33983

All models

Mcast traffic loss seen looks due to missing fed entries during IGMP/MLD snooping.

CSCvo56629

All models

Cat9500 - Interface in Admin shutdown showing incoming traffic and interface Status led in green.

CSCvo59504

All models

Cat3K | Cat9K - SVI becomes inaccesible upon reboot

CSCvo71264

All models

Cat3k / Cat9k Gateway routes DHCP offer incorrectly after DHCP snooping

CSCvo75559

All models

Cat9300 | First packet not forwarded when (S,G) needs to be built

CSCvo83305

All models

MAC Access List Blocks Unintended Traffic

CSCvp49518

All models

DHCP SNOOPING DATABASE IS NOT REFRESHED AFTER RELOAD

CSCvp69629

All models

Authentication sessions does not come up on configuring dot1x when there is active client traffic .

CSCvp72220

All models

crash at sisf_show_counters after entering show device-tracking counters command

CSCvm77197

Catalyst 9500

C9300/9500 : %IOSXE-2-PLATFORM: Switch 1 R0/0: kernel: EXT2-fs (sda1): error:

CSCvn30230

Catalyst 9500

Catalyst 3k/9k: Slow memory leak in linux_iosd-imag

CSCvn78058

Catalyst 9500

C9500:port status LED goes AMBER when stack reload

CSCvo48808

Catalyst 9500

QSFP-40G-SR4 does not breakout in C9500-16X

CSCvq01185

Catalyst 9500

%SNMP-3-RESPONSE_DELAYED: and timeout when polling entSensorValueEntry on 16.9.3

CSCvo61106

Catalyst 9500 High Performance

System report not created for stack_mgr crashes on Cat 9500

CSCvp74115

Catalyst 9500 High Performance

C9500-48Y4C-A host side PHY link goes down in 1-2 weeks time

Troubleshooting

For the most up-to-date, detailed troubleshooting information, see the Cisco TAC website at this URL:

https://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/index.html

Go to Product Support and select your product from the list or enter the name of your product. Look under Troubleshoot and Alerts, to find information for the problem that you are experiencing.

Related Documentation

Information about Cisco IOS XE 16 at this URL: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/ios-nx-os-software/ios-xe/index.html

All support documentation for Cisco Catalyst 9500 Series Switches is at this URL: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/switches/catalyst-9500-series-switches/tsd-products-support-series-home.html

Cisco Validated Designs documents at this URL: https://www.cisco.com/go/designzone

To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL: http://www.cisco.com/go/mibs

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  • To obtain general networking, training, and certification titles, visit Cisco Press.

  • To find warranty information for a specific product or product family, access Cisco Warranty Finder.

Cisco Bug Search Tool

Cisco Bug Search Tool (BST) is a web-based tool that acts as a gateway to the Cisco bug tracking system that maintains a comprehensive list of defects and vulnerabilities in Cisco products and software. BST provides you with detailed defect information about your products and software.