To configure a switch as the root for the specified VLAN, use the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id root global configuration command to modify the switch priority from the default value (32768) to a significantly lower value. When you enter this command, the software checks
the switch priority of the root switches for each VLAN. Because of the extended system ID support, the switch sets its own priority for the specified VLAN to 24576 if this value will cause this switch to become the root for the specified VLAN.
Use the diameter keyword to specify the Layer 2 network diameter (that is, the maximum number of switch hops between any two end stations in the Layer 2 network). When you specify the network diameter, the switch automatically sets an optimal hello time, forward-delay time, and maximum-age time for a network of that diameter, which
can significantly reduce the convergence time. You can use the hello keyword to override the automatically calculated hello time.
This procedure is optional.
Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to configure a switch to become the root for the specified VLAN:
After configuring the switch as the root switch, we recommend that you avoid manually configuring the hello time, forward-delay time, and maximum-age time through the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id hello-time , spanning-tree vlan vlan-id forward-time , and the spanning-tree vlan vlan-id max-age global configuration commands.