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Updated:November 29, 2016
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This document describes the problem with Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD), which doesn't come up for Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) over a Switch Virtual Interface (SVI) on Nexus 7000.
BFD for BGP is supported on Nexus starting 5.0(2) release but there are certain limitations to it. BFD over SVI across Virtual Port-Channel (VPC) is not supported on 6.2(12) release. BFD over SVI over FabricPath is supported from 7.2(0)D1(1) release. However, BFD over SVI should be supported on regular Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) port-channel interface.
Problem: BFD doesn't come up for BGP over an SVI on Nexus 7000
BFD remains in admin down state but BGP session comes up fine when the BFD session is over an SVI interface across a regular port-channel. This is the configuration of the SVI interface:
interface Vlan1012 description Connected-to-N7k-2 no shutdown mtu 9202 mac-address 0022.0022.0022 bfd interval 50 min_rx 50 multiplier 3 bfd echo-rx-interval 50 bfd ipv4 interval 50 min_rx 50 multiplier 3 bfd ipv6 interval 50 min_rx 50 multiplier 3 bfd ipv4 echo-rx-interval 50 bfd ipv6 echo-rx-interval 50 vrf member ROUTING-TRANSIT ip flow monitor Monitor-x input sampler Sampler-x ipv6 flow monitor Monitor-x-IPv6 input sampler Sampler-x no ip redirects ip address 10.1.12.0/31
When the BGP is configured to use BFD, the BFD session remains in AdminDown state but the BGP session comes up. The Tx count for the BFD session increments or is 0 but the Rx count remains 0 all the time.
N7k-1#show bfd nei vrf all details
OurAddr NeighAddr LD/RD RH/RS Holdown(mult) State Int Vrf
10.0.12.0 10.0.12.1 1107296261/0 Down N/A(3) Down Vlan1012 ROUTING-TRANSIT
Session state is Down and not using echo function
Local Diag: 0, Demand mode: 0, Poll bit: 0, Authentication: None
MinTxInt: 2000000 us, MinRxInt: 2000000 us, Multiplier: 3
Received MinRxInt: 0 us, Received Multiplier: 3
Holdown (hits): 0 ms (0), Hello (hits): 2000 ms (0)
Rx Count: 0, Rx Interval (ms) min/max/avg: 0/0/1 last: 50999 ms ago
Tx Count: 0, Tx Interval (ms) min/max/avg: 0/0/0 last: 0 ms ago
Registered protocols: bgp
Downtime: 0 days 0 hrs 1 mins 3 secs
Last packet: Version: 0 - Diagnostic: 0
State bit: AdminDown - Demand bit: 0
Poll bit: 0 - Final bit: 0
Multiplier: 3 - Length: 24
My Discr.: 0 - Your Discr.: 0
Min tx interval: 0 - Min rx interval: 0
Min Echo interval: 0 - Authentication bit: 0
Hosting LC: 4, Down reason: No Diagnostic, Reason not-hosted: None
N7k-1#show ip bgp vrf all summary
BGP summary information for VRF ROUTING-TRANSIT, address family IPv4 Unicast
BGP router identifier 10.1.12.0, local AS number 65535
BGP table version is 13, IPv4 Unicast config peers 1, capable peers 1
0 network entries and 0 paths using 0 bytes of memory
BGP attribute entries [0/0], BGP AS path entries [0/0]
BGP community entries [0/0], BGP clusterlist entries [0/0]
Neighbor V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent TblVer InQ OutQ Up/Down State/PfxRcd
10.1.12.1 4 65535 5406 5407 13 0 0 00:01:10 0
The problem persists even if the VDC is deleted and recreated and the whole configuration is made from the start.
From the logs it is noticed that there is a TCAM Error message that seems to cause this behavior. When Netflow is configured on the SVI, this is the error message seen on the Nexus.
N7k %$ VDC-1 %$ %ACLQOS-SLOT4-2-ACLQOS_FAILED: ACLQOS failure: feature combination not supported on VDC-2 VLAN 1012 for : Netflow Sampler (SVI), Netflow Sampler (SVI), BFD
This error message is seen when there are combinations of features used. When feature combinations that cannot coexist are configured on the same Ternary Content Addressable Memory (TCAM) banks, TCAM failures are seen and some of those features do not function properly.
If Access Control List (ACL) TCAM bank mapping is enabled, it can help to overcome this issue.The ACL TCAM bank mapping allows TCAM banks to accommodate more feature combinations in a more predictable manner. Features are pre-classified into feature groups, which are further predefined into feature classes according to which features are allowed to coexist in a TCAM bank. ACL TCAM bank mapping allows you to configure a set of features at the same time and reduces multiple results that can accumulate when feature combinations that cannot coexist are configured on the same TCAM banks. The TCAM bank mapping can be configured using the command hardware access-list resource feature bank-mapping in default VDC. To view how the features are mapped to TCAM banks, use the command show system internal access-list feature bank-chain map vlan-vlan ingress moduleslot-number.
After TCAM bank mapping is configured, the BFD session comes out of AdminDown state and the %ACLQOS error log is not noticed again.