Cisco ASA and Firepower Threat Defense Reimage Guide

This guide describes how to reimage between ASA and Firepower Threat Defense (FTD), and also how to perform a reimage for FTD using a new image version; this method is distinct from an upgrade, and sets the FTD to a factory default state. For ASA reimaging, see the ASA general operations configuration guide, where you can use multiple methods to reimage the ASA.

Supported Models

The following models support either ASA software or FTD Software. For ASA and FTD version support, see the ASA compatibility guide or Firepower compatibility guide.

  • Firepower 2100

  • ASA 5506-X, 5506W-X, and 5506H-X (FTD 6.2.3 and earlier only)

  • ASA 5508-X

  • ASA 5512-X (FTD 6.2.3 and earlier only)

  • ASA 5515-X

  • ASA 5516-X

  • ASA 5525-X

  • ASA 5545-X

  • ASA 5555-X

  • ISA 3000


Note

The Firepower 4100 and 9300 also support either the ASA or FTD, but they are installed as logical devices; see the FXOS configuration guides for more information.



Note

For the FTD on the ASA 5512-X through 5555-X, you must install a Cisco solid state drive (SSD). For more information, see the ASA 5500-X hardware guide. For the ASA, the SSD is also required to use the ASA FirePOWER module. (The SSD is standard on the ASA 5506-X, 5508-X, and 5516-X.)


Reimage the Firepower 2100 Series

The Firepower 2100 series supports either FTD or ASA software.

Download Software

Obtain FTD software or ASA software. The procedures in this document require you to put software on a TFTP server for the initial download. Other images can be downloaded from other server types, such as HTTP or FTP. For the exact software package and server type, see the procedures.


Note

A Cisco.com login and Cisco service contract are required.


Table 1. Firepower Threat Defense Software

FTD Model

Download Location

Packages

Firepower 2100 series

See: https://www.cisco.com/go/ftd-software

FTD package

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The package has a filename like cisco-ftd-fp2k.6.2.2.SPA.

Table 2. ASA Software

ASA Model

Download Location

Packages

Firepower 2100 series

See: https://www.cisco.com/go/asa-firepower-sw

ASA package

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software > version.

The package has a filename like cisco-asa-fp2k.9.8.2.SPA. This package includes ASA, ASDM, FXOS, and the Firepower Chassis Manager.

ASDM software (upgrade)

To upgrade to a later version of ASDM using your current ASDM or the ASA CLI, choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Device Manager > version.

The ASDM software file has a filename like asdm-782.bin.

ASA→FTD: Firepower 2100

This task lets you reimage the Firepower 2100 to FTD.


Note

After performing this procedure, the FXOS admin password is reset to Admin123.


Before you begin

Make sure the image you want to upload is available on an FTP, SCP, SFTP, or TFTP server connected to the Management 1/1 interface, or a USB drive.

Procedure


Step 1

Unregister the ASA from the Smart Software Licensing server, either from the ASA CLI/ASDM or from the Smart Software Licensing server.

Step 2

Connect to the FXOS CLI, either the console port (preferred) or using SSH to the Management 1/1 interface. If you connect at the console port, you access the FXOS CLI immediately. Enter the FXOS login credentials. The default username is admin and the default password is Admin123.

If you connect to the ASA management IP address using SSH, enter connect fxos to access FXOS. You can also SSH directly to the FXOS management IP address.

Step 3

Download the package to the chassis.

  1. Enter firmware mode.

    scope firmware

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110# scope firmware
    firepower-2110 /firmware# 
    
    
  2. Download the package.

    download image url

    Specify the URL for the file being imported using one of the following:

    • ftp:// username@server/ [path/ ]image_name

    • scp:// username@server/ [path/ ]image_name

    • sftp:// username@server/ [path/ ]image_name

    • tftp:// server[: port]/ [path/ ]image_name

    • usbA:/ path/ filename

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110 /firmware # download image scp://admin@10.88.29.181/cisco-ftd-fp2k.6.3.0-1.SPA
    Password:
    Please use the command 'show download-task' or 'show download-task detail' to check download progress.
    
    
  3. Monitor the download process.

    show download-task

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110 /firmware # show download
    
    Download task:
        File Name Protocol Server          Port       Userid          State
        --------- -------- --------------- ---------- --------------- -----
        cisco-ftd-fp2k.6.3.0-1.SPA
                  Scp      10.122.84.45             0 admin           Downloading
    firepower-2110 /firmware #        
    
    
Step 4

When the new package finishes downloading (Downloaded state), boot the package.

  1. View and copy the version number of the new package.

    show package

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110 /firmware # show package
    Name                                          Package-Vers
    --------------------------------------------- ------------
    cisco-asa-fp2k.9.10.1.1.SPA                   9.10.1.1
    cisco-ftd-fp2k.6.3.0-1.SPA                    6.3.0-1
    firepower-2110 /firmware #                                
    
    
  2. Install the package.

    Caution 

    This step erases your configuration.

    scope auto-install

    install security-pack version version

    In the show package output, copy the Package-Vers value for the security-pack version number. The chassis installs the image and reboots. This process can take approximately 5 minutes.

    Example:

    
    firepower 2110 /firmware # scope auto-install
    firepower-2110 /firmware/auto-install # install security-pack version 6.3.0-1
    
    The system is currently installed with security software package 9.10.0.1, which has:
       - The platform version: 2.5.1.52
       - The CSP (asa) version: 9.10.1.1
    If you proceed with the upgrade 6.3.0-1, it will do the following:
       - upgrade to the new platform version 2.5.1.78
       - reimage the system from CSP asa version 9.10.1.1 to the CSP ftd version 6.3.0.1
    
    Do you want to proceed ? (yes/no): yes   
    
    This operation upgrades firmware and software on Security Platform Components
    Here is the checklist of things that are recommended before starting Auto-Install
    (1) Review current critical/major faults
    (2) Initiate a configuration backup
    
    Attention:
       If you proceed the system will be re-imaged. All existing configuration will be lost,
       and the default configuration applied.
    Do you want to proceed? (yes/no): yes  
    
    Triggered the install of software package version 6.3.0-1
    Install started. This will take several minutes.
    For monitoring the upgrade progress, please enter 'show' or 'show detail' command.
    firepower-2110 /firmware/auto-install #                                               
    
    
Step 5

Wait for the chassis to finish rebooting.

FXOS comes up first, but you still need to wait for the FTD to come up.

After the application comes up and you connect to the application, you are prompted to accept the EULA and perform initial setup at the CLI.

Example:


[...]
************ Attention *********

   Initializing the configuration database.  Depending on available
   system resources (CPU, memory, and disk), this may take 30 minutes 
   or more to complete.

************ Attention *********
Executing S09database-init                                                  [  OK  ]
Executing S11database-populate

Cisco FPR Series Security Appliance
firepower login: admin
Password: 
Successful login attempts for user 'admin' : 1

Copyright 2004-2019, Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 
[...]

User enable_1 logged in to firepower
Logins over the last 1 days: 1.  
Failed logins since the last login: 0.  
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
firepower> 
firepower# connect ftd
You must accept the EULA to continue.
Press <ENTER> to display the EULA: 
[...]

System initialization in progress.  Please stand by.  
You must change the password for 'admin' to continue.
Enter new password: 
Confirm new password: 

You must configure the network to continue.
You must configure at least one of IPv4 or IPv6.
Do you want to configure IPv4? (y/n) [y]: 
Do you want to configure IPv6? (y/n) [n]: 
Configure IPv4 via DHCP or manually? (dhcp/manual) [manual]: 
Enter an IPv4 address for the management interface [192.168.45.45]: 192.168.0.174
Enter an IPv4 netmask for the management interface [255.255.255.0]: 
Enter the IPv4 default gateway for the management interface [data-interfaces]: 192.168.0.254
Enter a fully qualified hostname for this system [firepower]:
Enter a comma-separated list of DNS servers or 'none' []: none
Enter a comma-separated list of search domains or 'none' []: none
If your networking information has changed, you will need to reconnect.
No DNS servers specified to configure.
No domain name specified to configure.
Setting hostname as firepower
DHCP Server Disabled
Setting static IPv4: 192.168.0.174 netmask: 255.255.255.0 gateway: 192.168.0.254 on management0
Updating routing tables, please wait...
All configurations applied to the system. Took 6 Seconds.
Saving a copy of running network configuration to local disk.
For HTTP Proxy configuration, run 'configure network http-proxy'

Manage the device locally? (yes/no) [yes]: 
Configuring firewall mode to routed


Update policy deployment information
    - add device configuration
Successfully performed firstboot initial configuration steps for Firepower Device Manager for Firepower Threat Defense.

> 



FTD→ASA, FTD→FTD: Firepower 2100

This task lets you reimage the following:

  • FTD→ASA

  • FTDFTD—You should upgrade FTD to a new version using your manager, either Firepower Management Center or Firepower Device Manager. However, this procedure is useful for reimaging the FTD to a new version before you add it to a manager.


Note

After performing this procedure, the FXOS admin password is reset to Admin123.


Before you begin

Make sure the image you want to upload is available on an FTP, SCP, SFTP, or TFTP server connected to the Management 1/1 interface, or a USB drive.

Procedure


Step 1

Unlicense the FTD.

  • If you are managing the FTD from the Firepower Management Center, delete the device from the Management Center.

  • If you are managing the FTD using Firepower Device Manager, be sure to unregister the device from the Smart Software Licensing server, either from the Firepower Device Manager or from the Smart Software Licensing server.

Step 2

Connect to the FXOS CLI, either the console port (preferred) or using SSH to the Management 1/1 interface. If you connect at the console port, you access the FXOS CLI immediately. Enter the FXOS login credentials. The default username is admin and the default password is Admin123.

If you connect to the FTD management IP address using SSH, enter connect fxos to access FXOS.

Step 3

Download the package to the chassis.

  1. Enter firmware mode.

    scope firmware

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110# scope firmware
    firepower-2110 /firmware# 
    
    
  2. Download the package.

    download image url

    Specify the URL for the file being imported using one of the following:

    • ftp:// username@server/ [path/ ]image_name

    • scp:// username@server/ [path/ ]image_name

    • sftp:// username@server/ [path/ ]image_name

    • tftp:// server[: port]/ [path/ ]image_name

    • usbA:/ path/ filename

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110 /firmware # download image scp://admin@10.88.29.181/cisco-asa-fp2k.9.10.1.1.SPA
    Password:
    Please use the command 'show download-task' or 'show download-task detail' to check download progress.
    
    
  3. Monitor the download process.

    show download-task

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110 /firmware # show download
    
    Download task:
        File Name Protocol Server          Port       Userid          State
        --------- -------- --------------- ---------- --------------- -----
        cisco-asa-fp2k.9.10.1.1.SPA
                  Scp      10.122.84.45             0 admin           Downloading
    firepower-2110 /firmware #        
    
    
Step 4

When the new package finishes downloading (Downloaded state), boot the package.

  1. View and copy the version number of the new package.

    show package

    Example:

    
    firepower-2110 /firmware # show package
    Name                                          Package-Vers
    --------------------------------------------- ------------
    cisco-asa-fp2k.9.10.1.1.SPA                   9.10.1.1
    cisco-ftd-fp2k.6.3.0-1.SPA                    6.3.0-1
    firepower-2110 /firmware #                                
    
    
  2. Install the package.

    Caution 

    This step erases your configuration.

    scope auto-install

    install security-pack version version

    In the show package output, copy the Package-Vers value for the security-pack version number. The chassis installs the image and reboots.This process, including reloading, can take approximately 30 minutes.

    Example:

    
    firepower 2110 /firmware # scope auto-install
    firepower-2110 /firmware/auto-install # install security-pack version 9.10.1.1
    
    The system is currently installed with security software package 6.3.0-1, which has:
       - The platform version: 2.5.1.52
       - The CSP (ftd) version: 6.3.0-1
    If you proceed with the upgrade 9.10.1.1, it will do the following:
       - upgrade to the new platform version 2.5.1.78
       - reimage the system from CSP ftd version 6.3.0.1 to the CSP asa version 9.10.1.1
    
    Do you want to proceed ? (yes/no): yes   
    
    This operation upgrades firmware and software on Security Platform Components
    Here is the checklist of things that are recommended before starting Auto-Install
    (1) Review current critical/major faults
    (2) Initiate a configuration backup
    
    Attention:
       If you proceed the system will be re-imaged. All existing configuration will be lost,
       and the default configuration applied.
    Do you want to proceed? (yes/no): yes  
    
    Triggered the install of software package version 9.10.1.1
    Install started. This will take several minutes.
    For monitoring the upgrade progress, please enter 'show' or 'show detail' command.
    firepower-2110 /firmware/auto-install #                                               
    
    
Step 5

Wait for the chassis to finish rebooting.

ASA

FXOS comes up first, but you still need to wait for the ASA to come up.

After the application comes up and you connect to the application, you access user EXEC mode at the CLI.

Example:


 [...]
Cisco FPR Series Security Appliance
firepower-2110 login: admin
Password: 

Successful login attempts for user 'admin' : 1
Cisco Firepower Extensible Operating System (FX-OS) Software
TAC support: http://www.cisco.com/tac
Copyright (c) 2009-2018, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
[...]

User enable_1 logged in to ciscoasa
Logins over the last 1 days: 1.  
Failed logins since the last login: 0.
[press Enter to see the prompt below:]
 
firepower-2140# connect asa
Attaching to ASA CLI ... Press 'Ctrl+a then d' to detach.
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.

ciscoasa> 

FTD

FXOS comes up first, but you still need to wait for the FTD to come up.

After the application comes up and you connect to the application, you are prompted to accept the EULA and perform initial setup at the CLI.

Example:


[...]
************ Attention *********

   Initializing the configuration database.  Depending on available
   system resources (CPU, memory, and disk), this may take 30 minutes 
   or more to complete.

************ Attention *********
Executing S09database-init                                                  [  OK  ]
Executing S11database-populate

Cisco FPR Series Security Appliance
firepower login: admin
Password: 
Successful login attempts for user 'admin' : 1

Copyright 2004-2019, Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 
[...]

User enable_1 logged in to firepower
Logins over the last 1 days: 1.  
Failed logins since the last login: 0.  
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
firepower> 
firepower# connect ftd
You must accept the EULA to continue.
Press <ENTER> to display the EULA: 
[...]

System initialization in progress.  Please stand by.  
You must change the password for 'admin' to continue.
Enter new password: 
Confirm new password: 

You must configure the network to continue.
You must configure at least one of IPv4 or IPv6.
Do you want to configure IPv4? (y/n) [y]: 
Do you want to configure IPv6? (y/n) [n]: 
Configure IPv4 via DHCP or manually? (dhcp/manual) [manual]: 
Enter an IPv4 address for the management interface [192.168.45.45]: 192.168.0.174
Enter an IPv4 netmask for the management interface [255.255.255.0]: 
Enter the IPv4 default gateway for the management interface [data-interfaces]: 192.168.0.254
Enter a fully qualified hostname for this system [firepower]:
Enter a comma-separated list of DNS servers or 'none' []: none
Enter a comma-separated list of search domains or 'none' []: none
If your networking information has changed, you will need to reconnect.
No DNS servers specified to configure.
No domain name specified to configure.
Setting hostname as firepower
DHCP Server Disabled
Setting static IPv4: 192.168.0.174 netmask: 255.255.255.0 gateway: 192.168.0.254 on management0
Updating routing tables, please wait...
All configurations applied to the system. Took 6 Seconds.
Saving a copy of running network configuration to local disk.
For HTTP Proxy configuration, run 'configure network http-proxy'

Manage the device locally? (yes/no) [yes]: 
Configuring firewall mode to routed


Update policy deployment information
    - add device configuration
Successfully performed firstboot initial configuration steps for Firepower Device Manager for Firepower Threat Defense.

> 



Reimage the ASA 5500-X or ISA 3000

Many models in the ASA 5500-X or ISA 3000 series support either Firepower Threat Defense or ASA software.

Console Port Access Required

To perform the reimage, you must connect your computer to the console port.

For the ASA 5512-X, 5515-X, 5525-X, 5545-X, and 5555-X, you might need to use a third party serial-to-USB cable to make the connection. Other models include a Mini USB Type B console port, so you can use any mini USB cable. For Windows, you may need to install a USB-serial driver from software.cisco.com. See the hardware guide for more information about console port options and driver requirements: http://www.cisco.com/go/asa5500x-install

Use a terminal emulator set for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control.

Download Software

Obtain Firepower Threat Defense software, or ASA, ASDM, and ASA FirePOWER module software. The procedures in this document require you to put software on a TFTP server for the initial download. Other images can be downloaded from other server types, such as HTTP or FTP. For the exact software package and server type, see the procedures.


Note

A Cisco.com login and Cisco service contract are required.



Attention

The Firepower Threat Defense boot image and system package are version-specific and model-specific. Verify that you have the correct boot image and system package for your platform. A mismatch between the boot image and system package can cause boot failure. A mismatch would be using an older boot image with a newer system package.


Table 3. Firepower Threat Defense Software

Firepower Threat Defense Model

Download Location

Packages

ASA 5506-X, ASA 5508-X, and ASA 5516-X

See: http://www.cisco.com/go/asa-firepower-sw.

Note 

You will also see patch files ending in .sh; the patch upgrade process is not covered in this document.

Boot image

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The boot image has a filename like ftd-boot-9.6.2.0.lfbff.

System software install package

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The system software install package has a filename like ftd-6.1.0-330.pkg.

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X

See: http://www.cisco.com/go/asa-firepower-sw.

Note 

You will also see patch files ending in .sh; the patch upgrade process is not covered in this document.

Boot image

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The boot image has a filename like ftd-boot-9.6.2.0.cdisk.

System software install package

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The system software install package has a filename like ftd-6.1.0-330.pkg.

ISA 3000

See: http://www.cisco.com/go/isa3000-software

Note 

You will also see patch files ending in .sh; the patch upgrade process is not covered in this document.

Boot image

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The boot image has a filename like ftd-boot-9.9.2.0.lfbff.

System software install package

Choose your model > Firepower Threat Defense Software > version.

The system software install package has a filename like ftd-6.2.3-330.pkg.

Table 4. ASA Software

ASA Model

Download Location

Packages

ASA 5506-X, ASA 5508-X, and ASA 5516-X

http://www.cisco.com/go/asa-firepower-sw

ASA Software

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software > version.

The ASA software file has a filename like asa962-lfbff-k8.SPA.

ASDM Software

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Device Manager > version.

The ASDM software file has a filename like asdm-762.bin.

REST API Software

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance REST API Plugin > version.

The API software file has a filename like asa-restapi-132-lfbff-k8.SPA. To install the REST API, see the API quick start guide

ROMMON Software

Choose your model > ASA Rommon Software > version.

The ROMMON software file has a filename like asa5500-firmware-1108.SPA.

ASA 5512-X through ASA 5555-X

http://www.cisco.com/go/asa-software

ASA Software

Choose your model > Software on Chassis > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software > version.

The ASA software file has a filename like asa962-smp-k8.bin.

ASDM Software

Choose your model > Software on Chassis > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Device Manager > version.

The ASDM software file has a filename like asdm-762.bin.

REST API Software

Choose your model > Software on Chassis > Adaptive Security Appliance REST API Plugin > version.

The API software file has a filename like asa-restapi-132-lfbff-k8.SPA. To install the REST API, see the API quick start guide

ASA Device Package for Cisco Application Policy Infrastructure Controller (APIC)

Choose your model > Software on Chassis > ASA for Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI) Device Packages > version.

For APIC 1.2(7) and later, choose either the Policy Orchestration with Fabric Insertion, or the Fabric Insertion-only package. The device package software file has a filename like asa-device-pkg-1.2.7.10.zip. To install the ASA device package, see the “Importing a Device Package” chapter of the Cisco APIC Layer 4 to Layer 7 Services Deployment Guide.

ISA 3000

http://www.cisco.com/go/isa3000-software

ASA Software

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software > version.

The ASA software file has a filename like asa962-lfbff-k8.SPA.

ASDM Software

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Device Manager > version.

The ASDM software file has a filename like asdm-762.bin.

REST API Software

Choose your model > Adaptive Security Appliance REST API Plugin > version.

The API software file has a filename like asa-restapi-132-lfbff-k8.SPA. To install the REST API, see the API quick start guide.

Upgrade the ROMMON Image (ASA 5506-X, 5508-X, and 5516-X)

Follow these steps to upgrade the ROMMON image for the ASA 5506-X series, ASA 5508-X, and ASA 5516-X. The ROMMON version on your system must be 1.1.8 or greater.


Caution

The ROMMON upgrade for 1.1.15 takes twice as long as previous ROMMON versions, approximately 15 minutes. Do not power cycle the device during the upgrade. If the upgrade is not complete within 30 minutes or it fails, contact Cisco technical support; do not power cycle or reset the device.



Note

You cannot upgrade the ROMMON image after you reimage to Firepower Threat Defense.


Before you begin

You can only upgrade to a new version; you cannot downgrade. To see your current version, enter the show module command and look at the Fw Version in the output for Mod 1 in the MAC Address Range table:


ciscoasa# show module
[...]
Mod  MAC Address Range                 Hw Version   Fw Version   Sw Version     
---- --------------------------------- ------------ ------------ ---------------
   1 7426.aceb.ccea to 7426.aceb.ccf2  0.3          1.1.5        9.4(1)
 sfr 7426.aceb.cce9 to 7426.aceb.cce9  N/A          N/A          

Procedure


Step 1

Obtain the new ROMMON image from Cisco.com, and put it on a server to copy to the ASA. This procedure shows a TFTP copy.

Step 2

Copy the ROMMON image to the ASA flash memory:

copy tftp:// server_ip/asa5500-firmware- xxxx.SPA disk0:asa5500-firmware- xxxx.SPA

Step 3

Upgrade the ROMMON image:

upgrade rommon disk0:asa5500-firmware- xxxx.SPA

Example:


ciscoasa# upgrade rommon disk0:asa5500-firmware-1108.SPA
Verifying file integrity of disk0:/asa5500-firmware-1108.SPA

Computed Hash   SHA2: d824bdeecee1308fc64427367fa559e9
                      eefe8f182491652ee4c05e6e751f7a4f
                      5cdea28540cf60acde3ab9b65ff55a9f
                      4e0cfb84b9e2317a856580576612f4af
                      
Embedded Hash   SHA2: d824bdeecee1308fc64427367fa559e9
                      eefe8f182491652ee4c05e6e751f7a4f
                      5cdea28540cf60acde3ab9b65ff55a9f
                      4e0cfb84b9e2317a856580576612f4af
                      

Digital signature successfully validated
File Name                     : disk0:/asa5500-firmware-1108.SPA
Image type                    : Release
    Signer Information
        Common Name           : abraxas
        Organization Unit     : NCS_Kenton_ASA
        Organization Name     : CiscoSystems
    Certificate Serial Number : 553156F4
    Hash Algorithm            : SHA2 512
    Signature Algorithm       : 2048-bit RSA
    Key Version               : A
Verification successful.
Proceed with reload? [confirm]

Step 4

Confirm to reload the ASA when you are prompted.

The ASA upgrades the ROMMON image, and then reloads the ASA OS.


ASA→FTD: ASA 5500-X

To reimage the ASA to FTD software, you must access the ROMMON prompt. In ROMMON, you must use TFTP on the Management interface to download the FTD boot image; only TFTP is supported. The boot image can then download the FTD system software install package using HTTP or FTP. The TFTP download can take a long time; ensure that you have a stable connection between the ASA and the TFTP server to avoid packet loss.

Before you begin

To ease the process of reimaging back to an ASA, do the following:

  1. Perform a complete system backup using the backup command.

    See the configuration guide for more information, and other backup techniques.

  2. Copy and save the current activation key(s) so you can reinstall your licenses using the show activation-key command.

  3. For the ISA 3000, disable hardware bypass when using the Firepower Management Center; this feature is only available using Firepower Device Manager in version 6.3 and later.

Procedure


Step 1

Download the FTD boot image (see Download Software) to a TFTP server accessible by the ASA on the Management interface.

For the ASA 5506-X, 5508-X, 5516-X, ISA 3000: You must use the Management 1/1 port to download the image. For the other models, you can use any interface.

Step 2

Download the FTD system software install package (see Download Software) to an HTTP or FTP server accessible by the ASA on the Management interface.

Step 3

From the console port, reload the ASA:

reload

Example:


ciscoasa# reload
Step 4

Press Esc during the bootup when prompted to reach the ROMMON prompt.

Pay close attention to the monitor.

Example:


[...]
Booting from ROMMON

Cisco Systems ROMMON Version (2.1(9)8) #1: Wed Oct 26 17:14:40 PDT 2011

Platform ASA 5555-X with SW, 8 GE Data, 1 GE Mgmt

Use BREAK or ESC to interrupt boot.
Use SPACE to begin boot immediately.
Boot in   7 seconds. 

Press Esc at this point.

If you see the following message, then you waited too long, and must reload the ASA again after it finishes booting:


Launching BootLoader...
Boot configuration file contains 2 entries.
[...]

Step 5

Set the network settings, and load the boot image using the following ROMMON commands:

interface interface_id

address management_ip_address

netmask subnet_mask

server tftp_ip_address

gateway gateway_ip_address

file path/ filename

set

sync

tftpdnld

The FTD boot image downloads and boots up to the boot CLI.

See the following information:

  • interface —(ASA 5512-X, 5515-X, 5525-X, 5545-X, and 5555-X only) Specifies the interface ID. Other models always use the Management 1/1 interface.

  • set —Shows the network settings. You can also use the ping command to verify connectivity to the server.

  • sync —Saves the network settings.

  • tftpdnld —Loads the boot image..

Example:

Example for the ASA 5555-X:


rommon 0 > interface gigabitethernet0/0
rommon 1 > address 10.86.118.4
rommon 2 > netmask 255.255.255.0
rommon 3 > server 10.86.118.21
rommon 4 > gateway 10.86.118.1
rommon 5 > file ftd-boot-latest.cdisk
rommon 6 > set
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=10.86.118.3
  NETMASK=255.255.255.0
  SERVER=10.86.118.21
  GATEWAY=10.86.118.21
  PORT=GigabitEthernet0/0
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=ftd-boot-latest.cdisk
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=4
  RETRY=20

rommon 7 > sync

Updating NVRAM Parameters... 

rommon 8 > tftpdnld

Example for the ASA 5506-X:


rommon 0 > address 10.86.118.4
rommon 1 > netmask 255.255.255.0
rommon 2 > server 10.86.118.21
rommon 3 > gateway 10.86.118.21
rommon 4 > file ftd-boot-latest.lfbff
rommon 5 > set
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=10.86.118.3
  NETMASK=255.255.255.0
  SERVER=10.86.118.21
  GATEWAY=10.86.118.21
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=ftd-boot-latest.lfbff
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=4
  RETRY=20

rommon 6 > sync

Updating NVRAM Parameters... 

rommon 7 > tftpdnld

Ping to troubleshoot connectivity to the server:


rommon 1 > ping 10.123.123.2
Sending 10, 32-byte ICMP Echoes to 10.123.123.2 timeout is 4 seconds
!!!!!!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (10/10)
rommon 2 >

Step 6

Enter setup , and configure network settings for the Management interface to establish temporary connectivity to the HTTP or FTP server so that you can download and install the system software package.

Note 

If you have a DHCP server, the FTD automatically sets the network configuration. See the following sample startup messages when using DHCP:


Configuring network interface using DHCP
Bringing up network interface.
Depending on your network, this might take a couple of minutes when using DHCP...
ifup: interface lo already configured
Using IPv4 address: 10.123.123.123
Using IPv6 address: fe80::2a0:c9ff:fe00:0
Using DNS server: 64.102.6.247
Using DNS server: 173.36.131.10
Using default gateway: 10.123.123.1

Example:


                    Cisco FTD Boot 6.3.0
                 Type ? for list of commands
firepower-boot>
firepower-boot>setup


 Welcome to Cisco FTD Setup 
 [hit Ctrl-C to abort]
 Default values are inside []

Enter a hostname [firepower]: example.cisco.com
Do you want to configure IPv4 address on management interface?(y/n) [Y]: y
Do you want to enable DHCP for IPv4 address assignment on management interface?(y/n) [Y]: n
Enter an IPv4 address: 10.123.123.123
Enter the netmask: 255.255.255.0
Enter the gateway: 10.123.123.1
Do you want to configure static IPv6 address on management interface?(y/n) [N]: n
Stateless autoconfiguration will be enabled for IPv6 addresses. 
Enter the primary DNS server IP address [64.102.6.247]: 10.123.123.2
Do you want to configure Secondary DNS Server? (y/n) [y]: n
Any previously configured secondary DNS servers will be removed.
Do you want to configure Local Domain Name? (y/n) [n]: n
Do you want to configure Search domains? (y/n) [y]: n
Any previously configured search domains will be removed.
Do you want to enable the NTP service? [N]: n
Please review the final configuration:
Hostname: example.cisco.com
Management Interface Configuration

IPv4 Configuration: static
 IP Address: 10.123.123.123
 Netmask: 255.255.255.0
 Gateway: 10.123.123.1

IPv6 Configuration: Stateless autoconfiguration

DNS Configuration:
 DNS Server:
 10.123.123.2

NTP configuration: Disabled

CAUTION:
You have selected IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration, which assigns a global address
based on network prefix and a device identifier. Although this address is unlikely
to change, if it does change, the system will stop functioning correctly.
We suggest you use static addressing instead.

Apply the changes?(y,n) [Y]: y
Configuration saved successfully!
Applying...
Restarting network services...
Done.
Press ENTER to continue...
firepower-boot>

Step 7

Download the FTD system software install package. This step shows an HTTP installation.

system install [noconfirm ] url

Include the noconfirm option if you do not want to respond to confirmation messages.

Example:


> system install noconfirm http://10.86.118.21/ftd-6.0.1-949.pkg

You are prompted to erase the internal flash drive. Enter y.


######################## WARNING ############################
# The content of disk0: will be erased during installation! #
#############################################################

Do you want to continue? [y/N] y

The installation process erases the flash drive and downloads the system image. You are prompted to continue with the installation. Enter y.


Erasing disk0 ...
Verifying 
Downloading 
Extracting 
Package Detail
 Description: Cisco ASA-NGFW 6.3.0 System Install
 Requires reboot: Yes 

Do you want to continue with upgrade? [y]: y

When the installation finishes, press Enter to reboot the device.


Warning: Please do not interrupt the process or turn off the system.
Doing so might leave system in unusable state.

Starting upgrade process ... 
Populating new system image 

Reboot is required to complete the upgrade. Press 'Enter' to reboot the system.

The reboot takes upwards of 30 minutes, and could take much longer. Upon reboot, you will be in the Firepower Threat Defense CLI.

Step 8

To troubleshoot network connectivity, see the following examples.

Example:

View the network interface configuration:


firepower-boot>show interface
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:a0:c9:00:00:00 
 inet addr:10.123.123.123 Bcast:10.123.123.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
 inet6 addr: fe80::2a0:c9ff:fe00:0/64 Scope:Link
 inet6 addr: 2001:420:270d:1310:2a0:c9ff:fe00:0/64 Scope:Global
 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
 RX packets:522369 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 TX packets:2473 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
 RX bytes:42120849 (40.1 MiB) TX bytes:170295 (166.3 KiB)
...

Ping a server:


firepower-boot>ping www.example.com
PING www.example.com (10.125.29.106) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=1 ttl=42 time=28.8 ms
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=2 ttl=42 time=28.1 ms
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=3 ttl=42 time=28.1 ms
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=4 ttl=42 time=29.0 ms
^C
--- www.example.com ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 3003ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 28.159/28.549/29.022/0.437 ms

firepower-boot>

Traceroute to test network connectivity:


firepower-boot>traceroute -n 10.100.100.1 
traceroute to 10.100.100.1 (10.100.100.1), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1 10.123.123.1 0.937 ms 1.078 ms 1.154 ms^C
firepower-boot>

Step 9

To troubleshoot installation failures, see the following examples.

Example:

"Timed out" error

At the downloading stage, if the file server is not reachable, it will fail due to a time out.


   ...
Erasing disk0 ...
Verifying 

timed out
Upgrade aborted
firepower-boot> 

In this case, make sure the file server is reachable from the ASA. You can verify by pinging the file server.

"Package not found" error

If the file server is reachable, but the file path or name is wrong, the installation fails with a "Package not found" error:

  ...
Erasing disk0 ...
Verifying 

Package not found. Please correct the URL, which should include the full path including package name.
Upgrade aborted.
firepower-boot>

In this case, make sure the FTD package file path and name is correct.

Installation failed with unknown error

When the installation occurs after the system software has been downloaded, the cause is generally displayed as "Installation failed with unknown error". When this error happens, you can troubleshoot the failure by viewing the installation log:


firepower-boot>support view logs

===View Logs===

============================
Directory: /var/log
----------sub-dirs----------
cisco
sa
-----------files------------
2015-09-24 19:56:33.150011 | 102668 | install.log
2015-09-24 19:46:28.400002 | 292292 | lastlog
2015-09-24 19:45:15.510001 | 250 | ntp.log
2015-09-24 19:46:28.400002 | 5760 | wtmp

([b] to go back or [s] to select a file to view, [Ctrl+C] to exit)
Type a sub-dir name to list its contents: s

Type the name of the file to view ([b] to go back, [Ctrl+C] to exit)
> install.log
Thu Sep 24 19:53:44 UTC 2015: Begin installation ...
Found hard drive(s): /dev/sda
Erasing files from flash ...
...

You can also view the upgrade.log, pyos.log, and commandd.log under /var/log/cisco with the same command for boot CLI related issues.

Step 10

You can use either Firepower Device Manager or Firepower Management Center to manage your device. See the Quick Start Guide for your model and your manager to continue setup: http://www.cisco.com/go/ftd-asa-quick


FTD→ASA: ASA 5500-X

To reimage the FTD to ASA software, you must access the ROMMON prompt. In ROMMON, you must erase the disks, and then use TFTP on the Management interface to download the ASA image; only TFTP is supported. After you reload the ASA, you can configure basic settings and then load the FirePOWER module software.

Before you begin

  • Ensure that you have a stable connection between the ASA and the TFTP server to avoid packet loss.

Procedure


Step 1

If you are managing the FTD from the Firepower Management Center, delete the device from the FMC.

Step 2

If you are managing the FTD using Firepower Device Manager, be sure to unregister the device from the Smart Software Licensing server, either from the FDM or from the Smart Software Licensing server.

Step 3

Download the ASA image (see Download Software) to a TFTP server accessible by the FTD on the Management interface.

For the ASA 5506-X, 5508-X, 5516-X, ISA 3000: You must use the Management 1/1 port to download the image. For the other models, you can use any interface.

Step 4

At the console port, reboot the Firepower Threat Defense device.

reboot

Enter yes to reboot.

Example:


> reboot
This command will reboot the system.  Continue?
Please enter 'YES' or 'NO': yes

Step 5

Press Esc during the bootup when prompted to reach the ROMMON prompt.

Pay close attention to the monitor.

Example:


[...]
Booting from ROMMON

Cisco Systems ROMMON Version (2.1(9)8) #1: Wed Oct 26 17:14:40 PDT 2011

Platform ASA 5555-X with SW, 8 GE Data, 1 GE Mgmt

Use BREAK or ESC to interrupt boot.
Use SPACE to begin boot immediately.
Boot in   7 seconds. 

Press Esc at this point.

If you see the following message, then you waited too long, and must reboot the FTD again after it finishes booting:


Launching BootLoader...
Boot configuration file contains 2 entries.
[...]

Step 6

Erase all disk(s) on the FTD. The internal flash is called disk0. If you have an external USB drive, it is disk1.

Example:


Example:
rommon #0> erase disk0:

About to erase the selected device, this will erase
all files including configuration, and images.
Continue with erase? y/n [n]: y

Erasing Disk0:
.......................
[...]

This step erases FTD files so that the ASA does not try to load an incorrect configuration file, which causes numerous errors.

Step 7

Set the network settings, and load the ASA image using the following ROMMON commands.

interface interface_id

address management_ip_address

netmask subnet_mask

server tftp_ip_address

gateway gateway_ip_address

file path/ filename

set

sync

tftpdnld

The ASA image downloads and boots up to the CLI.

See the following information:

  • interface —(ASA 5512-X, 5515-X, 5525-X, 5545-X, and 5555-X only) Specifies the interface ID. Other models always use the Management 1/1 interface.

  • set —Shows the network settings. You can also use the ping command to verify connectivity to the server.

  • sync —Saves the network settings.

  • tftpdnld —Loads the boot image..

Example:

Example for the ASA 5555-X:


rommon 2 > interface gigabitethernet0/0
rommon 3 > address 10.86.118.4
rommon 4 > netmask 255.255.255.0
rommon 5 > server 10.86.118.21
rommon 6 > gateway 10.86.118.1
rommon 7 > file asalatest-smp-k8.bin
rommon 8 > set
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=10.86.118.3
  NETMASK=255.255.255.0
  SERVER=10.86.118.21
  GATEWAY=10.86.118.21
  PORT=GigabitEthernet0/0
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=asalatest-smp-k8.bin
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=4
  RETRY=20

rommon 9 > sync

Updating NVRAM Parameters... 

rommon 10 > tftpdnld

Example for the ASA 5506-X:


rommon 2 > address 10.86.118.4
rommon 3 > netmask 255.255.255.0
rommon 4 > server 10.86.118.21
rommon 5 > gateway 10.86.118.21
rommon 6 > file asalatest-lfbff-k8.SPA
rommon 7 > set
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=10.86.118.3
  NETMASK=255.255.255.0
  SERVER=10.86.118.21
  GATEWAY=10.86.118.21
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=asalatest-lfbff-k8.SPA
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=4
  RETRY=20

rommon 8 > sync

Updating NVRAM Parameters... 

rommon 9 > tftpdnld

Example:

Ping to troubleshoot connectivity to the server:


rommon 1 > ping 10.123.123.2
Sending 10, 32-byte ICMP Echoes to 10.123.123.2 timeout is 4 seconds
!!!!!!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (10/10)
rommon 2 >
Step 8

Configure network settings and prepare the disks.

When the ASA first boots up, it does not have any configuration on it. you can either follow the interactive prompts to configure the Management interface for ASDM access, or you can paste a saved configuration or, if you do not have a saved configuration, the recommended configuration (below).

If you do not have a saved configuration, we suggest pasting the recommended configuration if you are planning to use the ASA FirePOWER module. The ASA FirePOWER module is managed on the Management interface and needs to reach the internet for updates. The simple, recommended network deployment includes an inside switch that lets you connect Management (for FirePOWER management only), an inside interface (for ASA management and inside traffic), and your management PC to the same inside network. See the quick start guide for more information about the network deployment:

  1. At the ASA console prompt, you are prompted to provide some configuration for the Management interface.

    
    Pre-configure Firewall now through interactive prompts [yes]?
    
    

    If you want to paste a configuration or create the recommended configuration for a simple network deployment, then enter no and continue with the procedure.

    If you want to configure the Management interface so you can connect to ASDM, enter yes, and follow the prompts.

  2. At the console prompt, access privileged EXEC mode.

    enable

    The following prompt appears:

    
    Password:
    
    
  3. Press Enter. By default, the password is blank.

  4. Access global configuration mode.

    configure terminal

  5. If you did not use the interactive prompts, copy and paste your configuration at the prompt.

    If you do not have a saved configuration, and you want to use the simple configuration described in the quick start guide, copy the following configuration at the prompt, changing the IP addresses and interface IDs as appropriate. If you did use the prompts, but want to use this configuration instead, clear the configuration first with the clear configure all command.

    
    interface gigabitethernetn/n
       nameif outside
       ip address dhcp setroute
       no shutdown
    interface gigabitethernetn/n
       nameif inside
       ip address ip_address netmask
       security-level 100
       no shutdown
    interface managementn/n
       no shutdown
    object network obj_any
       subnet 0 0
       nat (any,outside) dynamic interface
    http server enable
    http inside_network netmask inside
    dhcpd address inside_ip_address_start-inside_ip_address_end inside
    dhcpd auto_config outside
    dhcpd enable inside
    logging asdm informational
    
    

    For the ASA 5506W-X, add the following for the wifi interface:

    
    same-security-traffic permit inter-interface
    interface GigabitEthernet 1/9
    security-level 100
    nameif wifi
    ip address ip_address netmask
    no shutdown
    http wifi_network netmask wifi
    dhcpd address wifi_ip_address_start-wifi_ip_address_end wifi
    dhcpd enable wifi
    
    
  6. Reformat the disks:

    format disk0:

    format disk1:

    The internal flash is called disk0. If you have an external USB drive, it is disk1. If you do not reformat the disks, then when you try to copy the ASA image, you see the following error:

    
    %Error copying ftp://10.86.89.125/asa971-smp-k8.bin (Not enough space on device)
    
    
  7. Save the new configuration:

    write memory

Step 9

Install the ASA and ASDM images.

Booting the ASA from ROMMON mode does not preserve the system image across reloads; you must still download the image to flash memory. You also need to download ASDM to flash memory.

  1. Download the ASA and ASDM images (see Download Software) to a server accessible by the ASA. The ASA supports many server types. See the copy command for more information: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/security/asa/asa-command-reference/A-H/cmdref1/c4.html#pgfId-2171368.

  2. Copy the ASA image to the ASA flash memory. This step shows an FTP copy.

    copy ftp:// user: password@ server_ip/ asa_file disk0: asa_file

    Example:

    
    ciscoasa# copy ftp://admin:test@10.86.118.21/asa961-smp-k8.bin disk0:asa961-smp-k8.bin
    
    
  3. Copy the ASDM image to the ASA flash memory. This step shows an FTP copy.

    copy ftp:// user: password@ server_ip/ asdm_file disk0: asdm_file

    Example:

    
    ciscoasa# copy ftp://admin:test@10.86.118.21/asdm-761.bin disk0:asdm-761.bin
    
    
  4. Reload the ASA:

    reload

    The ASA reloads using the image in disk0.

Step 10

(Optional) Install the ASA FirePOWER module software.

You need to install the ASA FirePOWER boot image, partition the SSD, and install the system software according to this procedure.

  1. Copy the boot image to the ASA. Do not transfer the system software; it is downloaded later to the SSD. This step shows an FTP copy.

    copy ftp:// user: password@ server_ip/ firepower_boot_file disk0: firepower_boot_file

    Example:

    
    ciscoasa# copy ftp://admin:test@10.86.118.21/asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.1.img disk0:/asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.1.img
    
    
  2. Download the ASA FirePOWER services system software install package from Cisco.com to an HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP server accessible from the Management interface. Do not download it to disk0 on the ASA.

  3. Set the ASA FirePOWER module boot image location in ASA disk0:

    sw-module module sfr recover configure image disk0: file_path

    Example:

    
    ciscoasa# sw-module module sfr recover configure image disk0:asasfr-5500x-boot-6.0.1.img
    
    
  4. Load the ASA FirePOWER boot image:

    sw-module module sfr recover boot

    Example:

    
    ciscoasa# sw-module module sfr recover boot
    
    Module sfr will be recovered. This may erase all configuration and all data
    on that device and attempt to download/install a new image for it. This may take
    several minutes.
    
    Recover module sfr? [confirm] y
    Recover issued for module sfr.
    
    
  5. Wait a few minutes for the ASA FirePOWER module to boot up, and then open a console session to the now-running ASA FirePOWER boot image. You might need to press Enter after opening the session to get to the login prompt. The default username is admin and the default password is Admin123.

    Example:

    
    ciscoasa# session sfr console
    Opening console session with module sfr.
    Connected to module sfr. Escape character sequence is 'CTRL-^X'.
    
    asasfr login: admin
    Password: Admin123
    
    

    If the module boot has not completed, the session command will fail with a message about not being able to connect over ttyS1. Wait and try again.

  1. Configure the system so that you can install the system software install package.

    setup

    You are prompted for the following. Note that the management address and gateway, and DNS information, are the key settings to configure.

    • Host name—Up to 65 alphanumeric characters, no spaces. Hyphens are allowed.

    • Network address—You can set static IPv4 or IPv6 addresses, or use DHCP (for IPv4) or IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration.

    • DNS information—You must identify at least one DNS server, and you can also set the domain name and search domain.

    • NTP information—You can enable NTP and configure the NTP servers, for setting system time.

    Example:

    
    asasfr-boot> setup
    
                     Welcome to Cisco FirePOWER Services Setup
                              [hit Ctrl-C to abort]
                            Default values are inside []
    
    
  1. Install the system software install package:

    system install [noconfirm ] url

    Include the noconfirm option if you do not want to respond to confirmation messages. Use an HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP URL; if a username and password are required, you will be prompted to supply them. This file is large and can take a long time to download, depending on your network.

    When installation is complete, the system reboots. The time required for application component installation and for the ASA FirePOWER services to start differs substantially: high-end platforms can take 10 or more minutes, but low-end platforms can take 60-80 minutes or longer. (The show module sfr output should show all processes as Up.)

    Example:

    
    asasfr-boot> system install http://admin:pa$$wd@upgrades.example.com/packages/asasfr-sys-6.0.1-58.pkg
    Verifying
    Downloading
    Extracting
    Package Detail
            Description:                    Cisco ASA-FirePOWER 6.0.1-58 System Install
            Requires reboot:                Yes
    
    Do you want to continue with upgrade? [y]: y
    Warning: Please do not interrupt the process or turn off the system.
    Doing so might leave system in unusable state.
    
    Upgrading
    Starting upgrade process ...
    Populating new system image
    
    Reboot is required to complete the upgrade. Press 'Enter' to reboot the system. [type Enter]
    Broadcast message from root (ttyS1) (Mon Feb 17 19:28:38 2016):
    
    The system is going down for reboot NOW!
    Console session with module sfr terminated.
    
    
  1. If you need to install a patch release, you can do so later from your manager: ASDM or the Firepower Management Center.

Step 11

Obtain a Strong Encryption license and other licenses for an existing ASA for which you did not save the activation key: see http://www.cisco.com/go/license. In the Manage > Licenses section you can re-download your licenses.

To use ASDM (and many other features), you need to install the Strong Encryption (3DES/AES) license. If you saved your license activation key from this ASA before you previously reimaged to the Firepower Threat Defense device, you can re-install the activation key. If you did not save the activation key but own licenses for this ASA, you can re-download the license. For a new ASA, you will need to request new ASA licenses.

Step 12

Obtain licenses for a new ASA.

  1. Obtain the serial number for your ASA by entering the following command:

    show version | grep Serial

    This serial number is different from the chassis serial number printed on the outside of your hardware. The chassis serial number is used for technical support, but not for licensing.

  2. See http://www.cisco.com/go/license, and click Get Other Licenses.

    Figure 1. Get Other Licenses
  3. Choose IPS, Crypto, Other.

    Figure 2. IPS, Crypto, Other
  4. In the Search by Keyword field, enter asa, and select Cisco ASA 3DES/AES License.

    Figure 3. Cisco ASA 3DES/AES License
  5. Select your Smart Account, Virtual Account, enter the ASA Serial Number, and click Next.

    Figure 4. Smart Account, Virtual Account, and Serial Number
  6. Your Send To email address and End User name are auto-filled; enter additional email addresses if needed. Check the I Agree check box, and click Submit.

    Figure 5. Submit
  7. You will then receive an email with the activation key, but you can also download the key right away from the Manage > Licenses area.

  8. If you want to upgrade from the Base license to the Security Plus license, or purchase an AnyConnect license, see http://www.cisco.com/go/ccw. After you purchase a license, you will receive an email with a Product Authorization Key (PAK) that you can enter on http://www.cisco.com/go/license. For the AnyConnect licenses, you receive a multi-use PAK that you can apply to multiple ASAs that use the same pool of user sessions. The resulting activation key includes all features you have registered so far for permanent licenses, including the 3DES/AES license. For time-based licenses, each license has a separate activation key.

Step 13

Apply the activation key.

activation-key key

Example:


ciscoasa(config)# activation-key 7c1aff4f e4d7db95 d5e191a4 d5b43c08 0d29c996
Validating activation key. This may take a few minutes...
Failed to retrieve permanent activation key.
Both Running and Flash permanent activation key was updated with the requested key.

Because this ASA did not yet have an activation key installed, you see the “Failed to retrieve permanent activation key.” message. You can ignore this message.

You can only install one permanent key, and multiple time-based keys. If you enter a new permanent key, it overwrites the already installed one. If you ordered additional licenses after you installed the 3DES/AES license, the combined activation key includes all licenses plus the 3DES/AES license, so you can overwrite the 3DES/AES-only key.

Step 14

The ASA FirePOWER module uses a separate licensing mechanism from the ASA. No licenses are pre-installed, but depending on your order, the box might include a PAK on a printout that lets you obtain a license activation key for the following licenses:

  • Control and Protection. Control is also known as “Application Visibility and Control (AVC)” or “Apps”. Protection is also known as “IPS”. In addition to the activation key for these licenses, you also need “right-to-use” subscriptions for automated updates for these features.

    The Control (AVC) updates are included with a Cisco support contract.

    The Protection (IPS) updates require you to purchase the IPS subscription from http://www.cisco.com/go/ccw. This subscription includes entitlement to Rule, Engine, Vulnerability, and Geolocation updates. Note: This right-to-use subscription does not generate or require a PAK/license activation key for the ASA FirePOWER module; it just provides the right to use the updates.

If you did not buy an ASA 5500-X that included the ASA FirePOWER services, then you can purchase an upgrade bundle to obtain the necessary licenses. See the Cisco ASA with FirePOWER Services Ordering Guide for more information.

Other licenses that you can purchase include the following:

  • Advanced Malware Protection (AMP)

  • URL Filtering

These licenses do generate a PAK/license activation key for the ASA FirePOWER module. See the Cisco ASA with FirePOWER Services Ordering Guide for ordering information. See also the Cisco Firepower System Feature Licenses.

To install the Control and Protection licenses and other optional licenses, see the ASA quick start guide for your model.


FTD→FTD: ASA 5500-X

This procedure describes how to use ROMMON to reimage an existing FTD to a new version of FTD software. This procedure restores the device to a factory default condition. If you want to perform a regular upgrade, see the upgrade guide instead.

In ROMMON, you must use TFTP on the Management interface to download the new FTD boot image; only TFTP is supported. The boot image can then download the FTD system software install package using HTTP or FTP. The TFTP download can take a long time; ensure that you have a stable connection between the FTD and the TFTP server to avoid packet loss.

Procedure


Step 1

Download the FTD boot image (see Download Software) to a TFTP server accessible by the FTD on the Management interface.

For the ASA 5506-X, 5508-X, 5516-X, ISA 3000: You must use the Management 1/1 port to download the image. For the other models, you can use any interface.

Step 2

Download the FTD system software install package (see Download Software) to an HTTP or FTP server accessible by the FTD on the Management interface.

Step 3

At the console port, reboot the Firepower Threat Defense device.

reboot

Example:

Enter yes to reboot.

Example:


> reboot
This command will reboot the system.  Continue?
Please enter 'YES' or 'NO': yes

Step 4

Press Esc during the bootup when prompted to reach the ROMMON prompt.

Pay close attention to the monitor.

Example:


[...]
Booting from ROMMON

Cisco Systems ROMMON Version (2.1(9)8) #1: Wed Oct 26 17:14:40 PDT 2011

Platform ASA 5555-X with SW, 8 GE Data, 1 GE Mgmt

Use BREAK or ESC to interrupt boot.
Use SPACE to begin boot immediately.
Boot in   7 seconds. 

Press Esc at this point.

If you see the following message, then you waited too long, and must reload the FTD again after it finishes booting:


Launching BootLoader...
Boot configuration file contains 2 entries.
[...]

Step 5

Erase all disk(s) on the FTD. The internal flash is called disk0. If you have an external USB drive, it is disk1.

Example:


Example:
rommon #0> erase disk0:

About to erase the selected device, this will erase
all files including configuration, and images.
Continue with erase? y/n [n]: y

Erasing Disk0:
.......................
[...]

This step erases the old FTD boot and system images. If you do not erase the system image, you must remember to escape out of the boot process after you load the boot image in the next step; if you miss the escape window, the FTD will continue to load the old FTD system image, which can take a long time, and you will have to start the procedure over again.

Step 6

Set the network settings, and load the new boot image using the following ROMMON commands:

interface interface_id

address management_ip_address

netmask subnet_mask

server tftp_ip_address

gateway gateway_ip_address

file path/ filename

set

sync

tftpdnld

The Firepower Threat Defense boot image downloads and boots up to the boot CLI.

Note 

If you did not erase the disk in the previous step, then you need to press Esc to enter the boot CLI:


==============================================
Use ESC to interrupt boot and launch boot CLI.
Use SPACE to launch Cisco FTD immediately.
Cisco FTD launch in 24 seconds ... 
Launching boot CLI ...
...

See the following information:

  • interface —(ASA 5512-X, 5515-X, 5525-X, 5545-X, and 5555-X only) Specifies the interface ID. Other models always use the Management 1/1 interface.

  • set —Shows the network settings. You can also use the ping command to verify connectivity to the server.

  • sync —Saves the network settings.

  • tftpdnld —Loads the boot image..

Example:

Example for the ASA 5555-X:


rommon 0 > interface gigabitethernet0/0
rommon 1 > address 10.86.118.4
rommon 2 > netmask 255.255.255.0
rommon 3 > server 10.86.118.21
rommon 4 > gateway 10.86.118.1
rommon 5 > file ftd-boot-latest.cdisk
rommon 6 > set
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=10.86.118.3
  NETMASK=255.255.255.0
  SERVER=10.86.118.21
  GATEWAY=10.86.118.21
  PORT=GigabitEthernet0/0
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=ftd-boot-latest.cdisk
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=4
  RETRY=20

rommon 7 > sync

Updating NVRAM Parameters... 

rommon 8 > tftpdnld

Example for the ASA 5506-X:


rommon 0 > address 10.86.118.4
rommon 1 > netmask 255.255.255.0
rommon 2 > server 10.86.118.21
rommon 3 > gateway 10.86.118.21
rommon 4 > file ftd-boot-latest.lfbff
rommon 5 > set
ROMMON Variable Settings:
  ADDRESS=10.86.118.3
  NETMASK=255.255.255.0
  SERVER=10.86.118.21
  GATEWAY=10.86.118.21
  VLAN=untagged
  IMAGE=ftd-boot-latest.lfbff
  CONFIG=
  LINKTIMEOUT=20
  PKTTIMEOUT=4
  RETRY=20

rommon 6 > sync

Updating NVRAM Parameters... 

rommon 7 > tftpdnld

Ping to troubleshoot connectivity to the server:


rommon 1 > ping 10.123.123.2
Sending 10, 32-byte ICMP Echoes to 10.123.123.2 timeout is 4 seconds
!!!!!!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (10/10)
rommon 2 >

Step 7

Enter setup , and configure network settings for the Management interface to establish temporary connectivity to the HTTP or FTP server so that you can download and install the system software package.

Note 

If you have a DHCP server, the FTD automatically sets the network configuration. See the following sample startup messages when using DHCP:


Configuring network interface using DHCP
Bringing up network interface.
Depending on your network, this might take a couple of minutes when using DHCP...
ifup: interface lo already configured
Using IPv4 address: 10.123.123.123
Using IPv6 address: fe80::2a0:c9ff:fe00:0
Using DNS server: 64.102.6.247
Using DNS server: 173.36.131.10
Using default gateway: 10.123.123.1

Example:


                    Cisco FTD Boot 6.3.0
                 Type ? for list of commands
firepower-boot>
firepower-boot>setup


 Welcome to Cisco FTD Setup 
 [hit Ctrl-C to abort]
 Default values are inside []

Enter a hostname [firepower]: example.cisco.com
Do you want to configure IPv4 address on management interface?(y/n) [Y]: y
Do you want to enable DHCP for IPv4 address assignment on management interface?(y/n) [Y]: n
Enter an IPv4 address: 10.123.123.123
Enter the netmask: 255.255.255.0
Enter the gateway: 10.123.123.1
Do you want to configure static IPv6 address on management interface?(y/n) [N]: n
Stateless autoconfiguration will be enabled for IPv6 addresses. 
Enter the primary DNS server IP address [64.102.6.247]: 10.123.123.2
Do you want to configure Secondary DNS Server? (y/n) [y]: n
Any previously configured secondary DNS servers will be removed.
Do you want to configure Local Domain Name? (y/n) [n]: n
Do you want to configure Search domains? (y/n) [y]: n
Any previously configured search domains will be removed.
Do you want to enable the NTP service? [N]: n
Please review the final configuration:
Hostname: example.cisco.com
Management Interface Configuration

IPv4 Configuration: static
 IP Address: 10.123.123.123
 Netmask: 255.255.255.0
 Gateway: 10.123.123.1

IPv6 Configuration: Stateless autoconfiguration

DNS Configuration:
 DNS Server:
 10.123.123.2

NTP configuration: Disabled

CAUTION:
You have selected IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration, which assigns a global address
based on network prefix and a device identifier. Although this address is unlikely
to change, if it does change, the system will stop functioning correctly.
We suggest you use static addressing instead.

Apply the changes?(y,n) [Y]: y
Configuration saved successfully!
Applying...
Restarting network services...
Done.
Press ENTER to continue...
firepower-boot>

Step 8

Download the Firepower Threat Defense system software install package. This step shows an HTTP installation.

system install [noconfirm ] url

Include the noconfirm option if you do not want to respond to confirmation messages.

Example:


> system install noconfirm http://10.86.118.21/ftd-6.0.1-949.pkg

You are prompted to erase the internal flash drive. Enter y.


######################## WARNING ############################
# The content of disk0: will be erased during installation! #
#############################################################

Do you want to continue? [y/N] y

The installation process erases the flash drive and downloads the system image. You are prompted to continue with the installation. Enter y.


Erasing disk0 ...
Verifying 
Downloading 
Extracting 
Package Detail
 Description: Cisco ASA-NGFW 6.3.0 System Install
 Requires reboot: Yes 

Do you want to continue with upgrade? [y]: y

When the installation finishes, press Enter to reboot the device.


Warning: Please do not interrupt the process or turn off the system.
Doing so might leave system in unusable state.

Starting upgrade process ... 
Populating new system image 

Reboot is required to complete the upgrade. Press 'Enter' to reboot the system.

The reboot takes upwards of 30 minutes, and could take much longer. Upon reboot, you will be in the Firepower Threat Defense CLI.

Step 9

To troubleshoot network connectivity, see the following examples.

Example:

View the network interface configuration:


firepower-boot>show interface
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:a0:c9:00:00:00 
 inet addr:10.123.123.123 Bcast:10.123.123.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
 inet6 addr: fe80::2a0:c9ff:fe00:0/64 Scope:Link
 inet6 addr: 2001:420:270d:1310:2a0:c9ff:fe00:0/64 Scope:Global
 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
 RX packets:522369 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
 TX packets:2473 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
 RX bytes:42120849 (40.1 MiB) TX bytes:170295 (166.3 KiB)
...

Ping a server:


firepower-boot>ping www.example.com
PING www.example.com (10.125.29.106) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=1 ttl=42 time=28.8 ms
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=2 ttl=42 time=28.1 ms
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=3 ttl=42 time=28.1 ms
64 bytes from qg-in-f106.1e100.net (74.125.29.106): icmp_seq=4 ttl=42 time=29.0 ms
^C
--- www.example.com ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 3003ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 28.159/28.549/29.022/0.437 ms

firepower-boot>

Traceroute to test network connectivity:


firepower-boot>traceroute -n 10.100.100.1 
traceroute to 10.100.100.1 (10.100.100.1), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1 10.123.123.1 0.937 ms 1.078 ms 1.154 ms^C
firepower-boot>

Step 10

To troubleshoot installation failures, see the following examples.

Example:

"Timed out" error

At the downloading stage, if the file server is not reachable, it will fail due to a time out.


   ...
Erasing disk0 ...
Verifying 

timed out
Upgrade aborted
firepower-boot> 

In this case, make sure the file server is reachable from the ASA. You can verify by pinging the file server.

"Package not found" error

If the file server is reachable, but the file path or name is wrong, the installation fails with a "Package not found" error:

  ...
Erasing disk0 ...
Verifying 

Package not found. Please correct the URL, which should include the full path including package name.
Upgrade aborted.
firepower-boot>

In this case, make sure the FTD package file path and name is correct.

Installation failed with unknown error

When the installation occurs after the system software has been downloaded, the cause is generally displayed as "Installation failed with unknown error". When this error happens, you can troubleshoot the failure by viewing the installation log:


firepower-boot>support view logs

===View Logs===

============================
Directory: /var/log
----------sub-dirs----------
cisco
sa
-----------files------------
2015-09-24 19:56:33.150011 | 102668 | install.log
2015-09-24 19:46:28.400002 | 292292 | lastlog
2015-09-24 19:45:15.510001 | 250 | ntp.log
2015-09-24 19:46:28.400002 | 5760 | wtmp

([b] to go back or [s] to select a file to view, [Ctrl+C] to exit)
Type a sub-dir name to list its contents: s

Type the name of the file to view ([b] to go back, [Ctrl+C] to exit)
> install.log
Thu Sep 24 19:53:44 UTC 2015: Begin installation ...
Found hard drive(s): /dev/sda
Erasing files from flash ...
...

You can also view the upgrade.log, pyos.log, and commandd.log under /var/log/cisco with the same command for boot CLI related issues.

Step 11

You can use either Firepower Device Manager or Firepower Management Center to manage your device. See the Quick Start Guide for your model and your manager to continue setup: http://www.cisco.com/go/ftd-asa-quick


What’s Next?