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Updated:December 13, 2018
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Configure Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) on SG500X Series Stackable Switches
VRRP is an Internet protocol that lets you have one or more standby routers when using a statically configured router on a LAN. This creates redundancy, eliminating single points of failure while increasing the availability and reliability of routing paths in a network. The default gateway of a participating host is assigned to a virtual router instead of a physical router. The physical router that forwards packets at any given time is called an active router. If you are unfamiliar with the terms used, check out Cisco Business: Glossary of New Terms.
The objective of this article is to explain how to configure Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) on SG500X Series Stackable Switches.
• SG500X Series Stackable Switches
Step 1. Log in to the web configuration utility and choose IP Configuration > IPv4 VRRP Virtual Routers. The IPv4 VRRP Virtual Routers page opens:
Step 2. Click Add to add parameters of a new VRRP router. The IPv4 VRRP Virtual Router Table window appears.
Step 3. Click VLAN as the interface in the Interface field and choose the desired VLAN from the VLAN drop-down list.
Step 4. Enter a value in the Virtual Router Identifier (VRID) field. VRRP uses a virtual router identification number to group the gateway routers. Each VRID group has its own unique VRID number. The valid range is 1-255.
Step 5. Enter a user defined description in the Description field, briefly describing the virtual router within 160 characters.
Step 6. Check the Status check box to Enable VRRP on the device. While enabled, a standby virtual router is elected to become the virtual active router whenever the previous active router fails.
Step 7. Choose the VRRP version to use in the Version field based on your requirement. The options are as follows:
• VRRP v2 — Only supports IPv4 addresses. This is chosen by default.
• VRRP v3 — Supports both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.
• VRRP v2 and VRRP v3 — This is used when one device has an IPv4 address and another one has an IPv6..
Step 8. Choose an IP Address Owner radio button to select an IP address for the virtual router. The IP address owner is also the active router, and chooses what the collective IP addresses of the virtual router will be.
• Yes — Indicates that the IP address of the device is the virtual router IP address. Choose the IP addresses available from the Available IP Address field and then click > to make that address the IP address of the owner.
• No — Indicated that the device IP is not the IP address of the virtual router. Enter the virtual router IP address in the Virtual IP Addresses field. You can assign 2 IP addresses at a time, separated with a comma ( ,).
Step 9. Choose an IP address which is used in VRRP messages in the Source IP Address field. The options are:
• Use default — Uses the IP address of the connected interface.
• User defined — Used to choose from the available IP address on the devices. Choose the IP address from the User defined drop-down list.
Step 10. If you chose No for the IP Address Owner, enter the device's priority in the Priority field.
Note: The Priority field specifies the priority of the virtual routers. This way routers can differ as the active router and standby router. A higher value equals higher priority. This field depends on the options of the IP Address owner. Enter the priority value in the Priority field if your device IP address is not the virtual router IP address (If you chose IP Address Owner as NO). It has a range from 1-254. If device IP address is the virtual router IP address then priority automatically set to its highest value 255.
Step 11. Choose a Preempt Mode radio button. This is used to make the router the active router when the priorities are changed.
• Enable — It replaces the current active router with the another router whose priority is higher than the router priority of the current active router.
• Disable — Current active router will be active even in the presence of a router with higher priority. The router with the higher priority acts as a standby router so that when the current active router fails then the highest priority becomes the new active router.
Step 12. Enter the advertisement interval (In milliseconds) value in the Advertisement Interval field with a range from 50 to 40950. The active router advertises periodically to all the standby routers about the active statuses and priorities.