This document describes troublshoot steps to recover bootflash and system image on CGR 1000.
CGR1000 use Cisco Secure Digital (SD) Card memory to stored kickstart images, system images, configurations, etc. In rare occassions, the SD card gets corrupted. As a result, the kickstart image and/or the system image gets corrupted. This prevents the CGR from booting up. The sequence for the bootup is outlined in the given figure. The procedure outline in this article is to restore the CGR from a corrupted SD card memory state.
1. Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server installed on the local PC
2. Setup the TFTP server to have the kickstart image and the system image
Cisco recommends that you have knowledge of these topics:
1. Console Cable
3. The kickstart image and the system images
This document is restricted to only CGOS version running on CGR 1120 and CGR1240.
The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you understand the potential impact of any command.
1. Setup console cable using putty.
2. Connect the CAT5 cable from the local pc NIC to the CGR ETH 2/2 . This is the only interface that works at the time of the recovery process.
3. Setup the local pc NIC to be in the same subnet as the CGR.
For example; PC NIC is 192.0.2.1 subnet 255.255.255.0.
For the CGR will be 192.0.2.2 subnet 255.255.255.0.
4. In the Putty session, you see:
IOFPGA @ 0xd0000000 version=0x30020700, datecode=0xc080d17 CPLD version 0x14 Reset Reason = 0(0) Scratch pad test passed !!!
Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83 Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0x83
GNU GRUB version 0.97
CGR Loader Version 1.00.01
5. Setup the IP address of ETH2/2 with the command "set ip".
set ip 192.0.2.2 255.255.255.0
Correct - ip addr is 192.0.2.2, mask is 255.255.255.0 Found Intel IOH GBE [2:0.1] at 0xe020, ROM address 0x0000 Probing...[Intel IOH GBE] MAC address 78:da:6e:8:ad:e1 External PHY link UP @ 1000/full Address: 192.0.2.2 Netmask: 255.255.255.0 Server: 0.0.0.0 Gateway: 0.0.0.0
6. Setup the Gateway Address to be the local PC NIC with the command "set gw".
7. Boot the kickstart image from the local tftp server with the command "boot tftp://".
loader> boot tftp://192.0.2.1/cgr1000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.CG4.3.SPA.bin Address: 192.0.2.2 Netmask: 255.255.255.0 Server: 192.0.2.1 Gateway: 192.0.2.1 Filesystem type is tftp, using whole disk Booting: /cgr1000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.CG4.3.SPA.bin console=ttyS0,9600n8nn quie t loader_ver="1.00.01".... ............................................................................... ................Kickstart image verification Successful Image verification OK
INIT: Checking all filesystems ....... done. Warning: switch is starting up with default configuration Creating boot config file... /etc/rc.d/rcS.d/S26check-flash: line 528: /mnt/bootloader/boot/grub/menu.lst.local: No such file or directory cp: cannot stat `/mnt/cfg/0/boot/grub/menu.lst.local': No such file or directory WARNING: image sync is going to be disabled after a loader netboot Loading system software INIT: Sending processes the TERM signal[H[J INIT: Sending processes the TERM signal INIT: Sending processes the
8. Once image boots up, you will see an output that is similar to this output.
Router(boot)# ? Exec commands: clear Reset functions config Enter configuration mode copy Copy from one file to another delete Delete a file or directory dir Directory listing for files exit Exit from the EXEC find Find a file below the current directory format Format disks init Initialize internal disk load Load system image mkdir Create new directory move Move files no Disable debugging functions pwd View current directory reload Reboot this supervisor module rmdir Remove existing directory show Show running system information sleep Sleep for the specified number of seconds ssh SSH to another system tail Display the last part of a file telnet Telnet to another system
9. Format the corrupted SD card with the command "format bootflash:".
This command is going to erase the contents of your bootflash:.
Do you want to continue? (y/n) [n] y
Formatting bootflash: Formatting started at: Fri Feb 20 23:56:00 UTC 2015 mke2fs 1.35 (28-Feb-2004) Formatting finished at: Fri Feb 20 23:56:52 UTC 2015 Formatting completed
10. Run init system (option step: this command formats the SD card and wipes out everything).
Router(boot)# init system This command is going to erase your startup-config, licenses as well as the contents of your bootflash:.
Do you want to continue? (y/n) [n] yInitializing the system mount: /dev/mmcblk0p4 already mounted or /bootflash busy mount: according to mtab, /dev/mmcblk0p4 is already mounted on /bootflash ERROR: cannot mount filesystem cp: omitting directory `/bootflash/' Partitioning failed
11. Setup the Management Interface (this is required in order to copy the kickstart and system image into the bootflash).
Loading system software Uncompressing bootflash:/cgr1000-uk188.8.131.52.CG4.3.SPA.bin..........done. (in 37 seconds) Loading plugin 0: core_plugin...
INIT: Switching to runlevel: 3 INIT: Sending processes the TERM signal Router(boot)# INIT: System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... System is coming up ... Please wait ... 2015 Feb 21 00:47:56 %$ VDC-1 %$ %COPP-2-COPP_NO_POLICY: Control-plane is unprotected.System is coming up ... Please wait ... 2015 Feb 21 00:47:58 %$ VDC-1 %$ %VDC_MGR-2-VDC_ONLINE: vdc 1 has come online 2015 Feb 21 00:47:58 Router %$ VDC-1 %$ %PLATFORM-2-
INPUT_POWER_SOURCE_TRANSITION: Three Phase and DC Input Status Alert: L1 Phase ON, L2 Phase OFF, L3 Phase OFF, DC Input Absent
15. Once the CGR boots up into the system image, you need to install the kickstart and system image with "install all bootflash:<kickstart-image> system bootflash:<system image>.
cgr1120# install all kickstart bootflash:cgr1000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.CG4.3.SPA.bin system bootflash:cgr1000-uk184.108.40.206.CG4.3.SPA.bin
Verifying image bootflash:/cgr1000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.CG4.3.SPA.bin for boot variable "kickstart". -- SUCCESS
Verifying image bootflash:/cgr1000-uk220.127.116.11.CG4.3.SPA.bin for boot variable "system". -- SUCCESS
Verifying image type. -- SUCCESS
Extracting "system" version from image bootflash:/cgr1000-uk18.104.22.168.CG4.3.SPA.bin. -- SUCCESS
Extracting "kickstart" version from image bootflash:/cgr1000-uk9-kickstart.5.2.1.CG4.3.SPA.bin. -- SUCCESS
Extracting "bios" version from image bootflash:/cgr1000-uk22.214.171.124.CG4.3.SPA.bin. -- SUCCESS
Checking for Battery Power Mode. -- SUCCESS
Checking for Module Power Status. -- SUCCESS
Checking for WPAN upgrade compatibility. -- SUCCESS
Performing module support checks. -- SUCCESS
Notifying services about system upgrade. -- SUCCESS
Compatibility check is done: Module bootable Impact Install-type Reason ------ -------- -------------- ------------ ------ 1 yes disruptive reset Hitless upgrade is not supported
Images will be upgraded according to following table: Module Image Running-Version(pri:alt) New-Version Upg-Required ------ ---------- ---------------------------------------- -------------------- ------------ 1 system 5.2(1)CG4(3) 5.2(1)CG4(3) no 1 kickstart 5.2(1)CG4(3) 5.2(1)CG4(3) no 1 bios v16.1.0(10/15/2013):V12.1.0(06/27/2012) v16.1.0(10/15/2013) no 1 fpga 2.07.00 2.07.00 no
Switch will be reloaded for disruptive upgrade.
Do you want to continue with the installation (y/n)? [n] y