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Cisco Prime Network Registrar Release 11_0 Data Sheet

Data Sheet

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Updated:July 23, 2021

Bias-Free Language

The documentation set for this product strives to use bias-free language. For the purposes of this documentation set, bias-free is defined as language that does not imply discrimination based on age, disability, gender, racial identity, ethnic identity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality. Exceptions may be present in the documentation due to language that is hardcoded in the user interfaces of the product software, language used based on RFP documentation, or language that is used by a referenced third-party product. Learn more about how Cisco is using Inclusive Language.

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Updated:July 23, 2021
 

 

Cisco Prime Network Registrar is a scalable, high-performance, extensible solution that provides services for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and for Domain Name System (DNS) acting as an Authoritative DNS, and Caching DNS.

IP is everywhere, in use in most aspects of everyone’s daily lives. We live in a world with an ever- increasing number of connected users, and an explosive growth of connected devices, each needing one or more IP addresses. Managing this IP addressability through manual assignment of IP addresses, and furthermore addressing connected devices through pre-knowledge of their IP addresses, are practices from bygone days.

      DHCP: In modern networks the devices learn their assigned addresses dynamically when they join the network. This is put into practice using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

      DNS: Once devices have learned their assigned addresses through DHCP, they must learn the addresses of the hosts or other devices with which they want to communicate. For this, the standards have provided us with the Domain Name System, which translates human-friendly host names into the numeric IP addresses that are used by the routing systems to enable communication.

Cisco Prime Network Registrar provides the market-leading solution that delivers both these DHCP and DNS services.

Product overview

Cisco Prime Network Registrar is a scalable, high-performance, extensible solution that provides services for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Domain Name System (DNS) acting as an Authoritative DNS, and Caching DNS which allows for additional efficiency and speed in providing domain name translations by being deployed closer to the client population and taking on considerable load that would otherwise go to the Authoritative DNS.

These functionalities are generic for all access types (Mobility, WiFi, Cable, BNG). Furthermore, for cable providers, Cisco Prime Network Registrar provides integration with the Cisco Prime Cable Provisioning product to provide reliable, scalable DNS and DHCP services for millions of devices.

Key technologies

PNR provides service across all access technologies. Whether your end users are connecting through Cable, BNG, WiFi, Mobile, or any of their derivative technologies, PNR can provide the Standards-compliant IP addressability services needed.

DHCP is a core network access technology - every device must be assigned a unique address when connected to the network, a virtually impossible task to undertake manually. Given the increasing number of connected users and connected devices as well as the growth in demand for network services driven by rich-media applications, automating the tracking and control of users and devices with a high-capacity DHCP server is imperative.

DNS is a core IP enabling service that is considered mission critical in today's service provider and enterprise networks. Without a fast, reliable, and secure DNS service, subscribers' Internet access will be compromised. If DNS fails, the Internet will fail. In addition, many network providers have created a dynamic service delivery infrastructure based on DNS. Service quality and delivery help build competitive advantage and new revenue-generating opportunities. Therefore, high-performing, reliable, scalable, and secure DNS is an important requirement.

Some customers require also IPAM services. Cisco has chosen not to provide this function on our price list. Instead, we maintain a partner relationship with BT Diamond were we reference sell their IPAM product for use with PNR.

Features and benefits

Cisco Prime Network Registrar provides the following features and benefits:

      Fast and scalable:

DHCP: With an extremely fast DHCP server, Cisco Prime Network Registrar has the ability to assign well over 20,000 DHCP leases per second. The solution is also the industry's most scalable DHCP server - supporting more than 130 million devices across multiple servers in a single customer deployment.

DNS: The recursive, extremely fast, Cisco Prime Network Registrar DNS caching server offers significant acceleration of DNS query throughput.

      Integrated loadbalancing of DHCP Lease Renewals: Smoothing server load by redistributing lease renewals, allowing better utilization across deployed clusters.

      Reliable: Cisco Prime Network Registrar helps address unique challenges in large-scale deployments of DHCP and DNS by offering multiple levels of redundancy with DHCPv4 and DHCPv6 simple failover and support for High-Availability DNS (HA-DNS). Our patented discriminating rate limiter provides unsurpassed DHCP avalanche prevention to reduce downtime after network outages.

      Consolidated IPv4 and IPv6 address management: Cisco Prime Network Registrar includes integrated, full lifecycle management for IPv4 and IPv6 and allows dual-stack addressing deployments on a single server. The full-featured DHCPv6 server provides support for address assignment, both stateless and stateful configuration, prefix delegation, and prefix stability. DNS64 functionality allows access to the IPv4 Internet and servers for hosts that have only an IPv6 address. By helping to automate the transition from IPv4 to IPv6, Cisco Prime Network Registrar mitigates IP address scarcity, facilitates deployment of new revenue-generating services, and lowers IP address management overhead.

      Extensible: Powerful, industry-leading extension support for both IPv4 and IPv6 allows network operators to alter and customize DHCP server operations for IPv4 and IPv6, improving network security, network performance, and third-party application integration. Extensions easily create new solutions such as billing, security, and lawful interception.

      Health Checks: Health checking for DHCP and for DNS to allow early detection and bypass of failed target systems. For DHCP, PNR can be configured to monitor relay agents for reliable operations in a failover configuration. For DNS, PNR can be configured to check that the destination server is a viable choice for the DNS assignment.

      Secure: DNSSEC, DNS firewall, TSIG, Protection against DNS Poisoning Attacks and DNS over TLS to help protect against DNS vulnerabilities. Smart Cache for DNS Caching server protects against outages when an external DNS has been compromised.

Table 1 lists additional detailed features and benefits of Cisco Prime Network Registrar.

Table 1.        Detailed Features and benefits

Feature

Benefit

Rapid Time to Value

DNS and DHCP setup wizards

Using the basic configuration mode with setup wizards for the DHCP and DNS components, users can easily perform DHCP and DNS configuration by entering the parameters that are essential for the configuration. An advanced configuration mode is available for users with more in-depth experience with DHCP and DNS configuration. Users can quickly set up and configure Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP and DNS properly to facilitate IP-based services such as VoIP, LAN, and so on.

Full visibility into lease history for IPv4 and IPv6

Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP provides the ability to query DHCP lease history for IPv4 and IPv6. Searching of lease history is possible both at the local and regional cluster level and is compliant with European Union privacy regulations.

Simplified Dashboard, Tracking, and Reporting Capabilities

Real-time server status dashboards

The DNS, DNS caching, and DHCP component dashboards provide at-a-glance, real-time indicators of the server health, system metrics, alarms and alerts, and inventories of the respective Cisco Prime Network Registrar servers. The dashboards display graphs for monitoring DHCP and DNS general information, throughput, and error data that can affect network operations. To measure address usage over time, the DHCP component dashboard can collect DHCP utilization information for a time period and present graphs showing trends that are useful for capacity planning. Benefits include improved network maintenance and increased uptime.

Resource notification and alerts

The ability to set two levels of resource utilization notifications - warning and critical. Threshold levels can be defined by the administrator. Settings can:

  Provide an indication in the web User Interface (UI) and CLI when one or more monitored resources exceed their critical or warning levels.
  Provide a report on the current state of the monitored resources in the Web UI and CLI.
  Provide a means to reset the peak monitored resource values.
  Generate traps when monitored resources exceed their critical or warning levels, and return to reasonable values.
  Provide a means to adjust the critical and warning levels for each monitored resource.

SNMP is supported and traps can be sent for these notifications.

Global search capability

Operators can quickly search for any full or partial IP address or any DNS name.

Centralized DNS/DHCP Server Configuration

Automated configuration

Operators can significantly reduce downtime with more accurate DNS/DHCP configurations.

Advanced configuration support

Support for multitiered addressing, multihomed hosts (to model multiple IP addresses on a given device), DHCP client classes, MAC address processing, client ID, dynamic DNS, and more - all helping to meet complex network operator needs.

DHCP configuration verification and preview

Verification and preview capabilities help limit network outages and IP conflicts.

Static IP Address Management

Carrier-class lease reservation performance

For users with needs for static IP address assignment, Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP can handle up to 500,000 lease reservations. Because Cisco Prime Network Registrar supports failover deployment, the enhanced lease reservation synchronizes the lease reservation between the main and the backup server to ensure that any update to the configuration will be populated between these servers. Modification to the reserved lease configuration can be done through the web UI, a CLI, and the Java Software Development Kit (SDK).

Full-Featured DHCP Server

Dynamic lease notification

With dynamic lease notification, network operators can request perpetual or time-bounded external system notification whenever Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP issues a DHCPv4 or DHCPv6 lease.

DHCPv4 and DHCPv6 failover

A simple failover model using TCP provides support for IP address, prefix, and variable-length prefix failover. This allows a backup DHCP server to take over for a main server if the main server is taken off the network for any reason.

Client reservations

Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP provides client reservations for IPv4 and IPv6 addresses as well as IPv6 prefix delegation. This capability allows the DHCP server to reserve a permanent IP address assignment. These reservations can be stored internal to Cisco Prime Network Registrar (through the Cisco Prime Network Registrar client entries) or external to Cisco Prime Network Registrar - either in Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) or supplied through the DHCP server's extension interface from other external sources. This avoids the need to synchronize data with Cisco Prime Network Registrar's internal databases and provides for a much more dynamic and scalable reservation-based service.

Client class support

Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP can classify incoming client packets in three ways for greater flexibility:

  Look up clients in a database (internal or external).
  Apply a customer-defined algorithm or algorithms based on incoming packet content.
  Call custom extensions or use third-party extensions written in C/C++ or Tool Command Language (Tcl).

The client class can specify the options supplied to the client - which subnet or prefix to use for address allocation, which DNS server to update, and how to generate the host name, and more - as required for the various device types and service classes in the network.

For example, device types could include cable modems, Customer Premises Equipment (CPE), and Media Terminal Adapters (MTAs) in a cable network, and service types could include the various classes of Internet service offered. In an enterprise, device types might be phones, printers, and desktop computers.

Extensions

Cisco Prime Network Registrar DHCP provides powerful extension support to allow for DHCP server processing customization. Extensions can be used to classify client types, add/remove/modify options in packets, query or update an external database, and much more. Extensions are flexible enough to be written in the service provider or enterprise development environment - they are written in either Tcl or C/C++ and support all operating platforms and all devices.

Gracefully handles difficult client situations

The DHCP server will handle an avalanche of DHCP client requests by prioritizing and processing the most important requests using a patent-pending discriminating rate limiter. The DHCP server will not collapse under any load, no matter how extreme - it will rapidly work through any backlog and get the network back up as quickly as possible. Also, through the use of an extension, the Chatty Client Filter, the DHCP component handles misbehaving clients. For clients that do not have multiple packets outstanding but still frequently send requests to the DHCP server, the extension will automatically disable such clients and then, if their behavior improves, automatically re-enable them. In customer situations this has been shown to decrease packet traffic by more than 50 percent.

Bulk lease query support for DHCPv6

The DHCP server will respond to lease query requests for a large number of DHCPv6 leases using standards-compliant bulk lease query functionality.

Prefix stability for IPv6

Prefix stability allows a client to retain a delegated IPv6 address prefix when the client changes location - for example, during network maintenance, when an operator performs node splits, or during load-balancing events.

  Cable Modem Termination System (CMTS) prefix stability supports the DOCSIS 3.0 requirements for prefix stability and allows a subscriber to retain his or her delegated prefix when an operator performs a load-balancing or reconfiguration event within a CMTS group. CMTS prefix stability must be deployed on a single DHCP server.
  Universal prefix stability allows subscribers to retain a delegated prefix anywhere in the network. Use of this feature requires administrative assignment of the delegated prefixes and use of a client or lease reservation. It can be deployed across multiple DHCP servers.

Prefix allocation groups

Prefix allocation groups allow users to define multiple prefixes that do not result in multiple lease assignments to clients and to control the order in which the prefixes are used.

DNS Features

Standards-compliant DNS Authoritative server

Cisco Prime Network Registrar DNS is a standards-compliant authoritative DNS server that offers an advanced feature set, with support for incremental zone transfers, dynamic updates, and notifications. To secure DNS services, the DNS component supports transactional signature (TSIG) to authenticate DNS zone transfer and update requests.

DNS caching server

The DNS caching server is optimized for its specific role, performing the actual recursion to resolve a given name, resulting in greater simplicity and better performance overall. The server improves speed/performance of high volume recursive queries, and operators can expect increased performance in end-user applications. The server stores DNS query results locally, which helps to improve efficiency and reduce DNS traffic across the Internet.

DNSSEC support

The Cisco Prime Network Registrar DNS caching server performs DNSSEC validation and authenticates DNS data as being published by zone administrators. This helps to ensure the authenticity and integrity of DNS records and servers being accessed. Specifically, DNSSEC validation provides assurance to end-user resolvers that DNS query responses are accurate for signed zones. The DNSSEC server validates signatures of each resource record ultimately to the root zone in accordance with standard DNSSEC protocol.

DNSSEC also protects resource records against DNS vulnerabilities such as DNS cache poisoning.

DNS over TLS

The Cisco Prime Network Registrar DNS functionality supports encrypting and delivery of Domain Name System (DNS) queries and answers via the Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol to increase user privacy and security by preventing eavesdropping and manipulation of DNS data via man-in-the-middle attacks.

DNS64 functionality

The Cisco Prime Network Registrar DNS caching server supports DNS64, synthesizing AAAA (IPv6) records from A (IPv4) records in order to provide an IPv6-only client access to an IPv4-only resource. This capability helps facilitate the migration of IPv4 to IPv6.

DNS views support

Cisco Prime Network Registrar provides simplified implementation support for and management of DNS views. DNS views allow presentation of alternate resource record sets (different “views” of the same data) based on the source or destination of the query and whether the query is recursive or not. End users only have to remember a single URL rather than an internal versus external URL. Operators can realize operating expense savings through the ability to have a single primary DNS server for both internal and external view servers.

An enterprise domain could apply this concept to name spaces outside of the campus environment to create a true set of internal (on-campus) versus external (Internet-based clients) DNS name resolutions - for enhanced security for systems within a campus LAN.

DNS firewall

Uses RPZ to define lists of fully qualified domain names, IPs, subnets, and prefixes of end nodes for blocked and allowed listing. DNS administrators can optimize the user experience by helping users get to a predefined URL. The DNS server can be configured to modify response to queries to redirect clients away from known risky web sites. Administrators can block a domain or list of domains, redirecting the user to a notification page. The DNS firewall supports zone transfers from a third party RPZ provider.

NXDOMAIN redirect

Network operators can assist users when they query an invalid domain name (that is, the server has no entry) by returning an “NXDOMAIN” response, meaning nonexistent Internet or intranet domain name.

Internationalized domain name support

Supports the use of the full Unicode character set to name DNS domains from the Cisco Prime Network Registrar web UI. This allows administrators to use localized domain names in the web UI.

DNS E.164 Number Mapping (ENUM) configuration

ENUM allows telephone numbers to be resolved to URLs using a DNS-based architecture. Cisco Prime Network Registrar offers an easy way to input and manage ENUM records.

By placing telephone numbers into the DNS server, ENUM can facilitate interoperability for a wide range of applications including VoIP, video, presence, and instant messaging.

External Systems Integration and Support

Representational State Transfer (REST)/RESTful API

An industry standard web services REST API for lightweight, maintainable, and scalable web based services. Support includes get, add, modify, or delete operations, as allowed for each class. REST APIs are beneficial in supporting cloud-based implementations.

Integration with external systems

Users are able to streamline intersystem workflow using robust API/CLIs for communication between related asset inventory and network management systems.

Integration with Cisco Prime Cable Provisioning

Integration between Cisco PNR DHCP and Cisco PCP enabling zero touch provisioning of cable modems for DOCSIS environments.

Standards

DHCP RFCs supported:

RFC

Description

RFC 1350

THE TFTP PROTOCOL (REVISION 2)

RFC 1497

Vendor Extension Options

RFC 1531

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

RFC 1533

DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor Extensions

RFC 1534

Interoperation Between DHCP and BOOTP

RFC 1541

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

RFC 1542

Clarifications and Extensions for the Bootstrap Protocol

RFC 2131

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

RFC 2132

DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor Extensions

RFC 2241

DHCP Options for Novell Directory Services

RFC 2322

Management of IP numbers by peg-dhcp

RFC 2347

TFTP Option Extension

RFC 2348

TFTP Blocksize Option

RFC 2485

DHCP Option for The Open Group's User Authentication Protocol

RFC 2489

Procedure for Defining New DHCP Options

RFC 2563

DHCP Option to Disable Stateless Auto-Configuration in IPv4 Clients

RFC 2610

DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol

RFC 2855

DHCP for IEEE 1394

RFC 2937

The Name Service Search Option for DHCP

RFC 2939

Procedures and IANA Guidelines for Definition of New DHCP Options and Message Types

RFC 3004

The User Class Option for DHCP

RFC 3011

The IPv4 Subnet Selection Option for DHCP

RFC 3041

Privacy Extensions for Stateless Address Autoconfiguration in IPv6

For Temporary addresses - Temporary addresses solve a privacy issue with IPv6 (see RFC 3041).

RFC 3046

DHCP Relay Agent Information Option

RFC 3074

Attributes for DHCP Related Failover Servers.

RFC 3256

DOCSIS (Data-Over-Cable Service Interface Specifications) Device Class DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Relay Agent Information Sub-option

RFC 3315

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)

RFC 3319

DHCPv6 Options for SIP Servers

RFC 3361

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP-for-IPv4) Option for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Servers

RFC 3396

Encoding Long Options in the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4)

RFC 3397

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Domain Search Option

RFC 3442

The Classless Static Route Option for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 4

RFC 3456

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4) Configuration of IPsec Tunnel Mode

RFC 3495

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Option for CableLabs Client Configuration

RFC 3527

Link Selection sub-option for the Relay Agent Information Option for DHCPv4

RFC 3594

PacketCable Security Ticket Control Sub-Option for the DHCP CableLabs Client Configuration (CCC) Option

RFC 3633

IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6

RFC 3634

Key Distribution Center (KDC) Server Address Sub-option for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) CableLabs Client Configuration (CCC) Option

RFC 3646

DNS Configuration options for DHCPv6

RFC 3679

Unused Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Option Codes

RFC 3736

Stateless DHCP Service for IPv6

RFC 3825

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Option for Coordinate-based Location Configuration Information

RFC 3898

Network Information Service (NIS) Configuration Options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)

RFC 3925

Vendor-Identifying Vendor Options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol version 4 (DHCPv4)

RFC 3942

Reclassifying Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol version 4 (DHCPv4) Options

RFC 3993

Subscriber-ID Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option

RFC 4014

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) Attributes Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Information Option

RFC 4030

The Authentication Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option

RFC 4039

Rapid Commit Option for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol version 4 (DHCPv4)

RFC 4075

Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Configuration Option for DHCPv6

RFC 4076

Renumbering Requirements for Stateless Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)

RFC 4174

The IPv4 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Option for the Internet Storage Name Service

RFC 4242

Information Refresh Time Option for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)

RFC 4243

Vendor-Specific Information Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option

RFC 4280

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Options for Broadcast and Multicast Control Servers

RFC 4361

Node-specific Client Identifiers for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Version Four (DHCPv4)

RFC 4388

DHCP Leasequery specification

RFC 4390

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) over InfiniBand

RFC 4477

DHCP IPv4 and IPv6 Dual-Stack Issues

RFC 4578

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Options for the Intel Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE)

RFC 4580

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) Relay Agent Subscriber-ID Option

RFC 4649

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) Relay Agent Remote-ID Option

RFC 4676

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4 and DHCPv6) Option for Civic Addresses Configuration Information

RFC 4701

A DNS Resource Record (RR) for Encoding Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Information (DHCID RR)

RFC 4702

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) Option

RFC 4703

Resolution of Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) Conflicts among Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Clients

RFC 4704

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) Client Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) Option

RFC 4776

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4 and DHCPv6) Option for Civic Addresses Configuration Information

RFC 4833

Timezone Options for DHCP

RFC 4994

DHCPv6 Relay Agent Echo Request Option

RFC 5007

DHCPv6 Leasequery

RFC 5010

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Version 4 (DHCPv4) Relay Agent Flags Suboption

RFC 5071

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Options Used by PXELINUX

RFC 5107

DHCP Server Identifier Override Suboption

RFC 5192

DHCP Options for Protocol for Carrying Authentication for Network Access (PANA) Authentication Agents

RFC 5223

Discovering Location-to-Service Translation (LoST) Servers Using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

RFC 5417

Control And Provisioning of Wireless Access Points (CAPWAP) Access Controller DHCP Option

RFC 5460

DHCPv6 Bulk Leasequery

RFC 5859

TFTP Server Address Option for DHCPv4

RFC 5908

Network Time Protocol (NTP) Server Option for DHCPv6

RFC 5970

DHCPv6 Options for Network Boot

RFC 6148

DHCPv4 Lease Query by Relay Agent Remote ID

Note: Supported only for Bulk

RFC 6153

DHCPv4 and DHCPv6 Options for Access Network Discovery and Selection Function (ANDSF) Discovery

RFC 6221

Lightweight DHCPv6 Relay Agent

RFC 6225

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Options for Coordinate-Based Location Configuration Information

Note: Must enter data in blob format

RFC 6276

DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation for Network Mobility (NEMO)

RFC 6334

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) Option for Dual-Stack Lite

RFC 6355

Definition of the UUID-Based DHCPv6 Unique Identifier (DUID-UUID)

RFC 6422

Relay-Supplied DHCP Options

RFC 6440

The EAP Re-authentication Protocol (ERP) Local Domain Name DHCPv6 Option

RFC 6603

Prefix Exclude Option for DHCPv6-based PrefixDelegation

RFC 6607

Virtual Subnet Selection Options for DHCPv4 and DHCPv6

RFC 6656

Description of Cisco Systems’ Subnet Allocation Option for DHCPv4

RFC 6842

Client Identifier Option in DHCP Server Replies

RFC 6853

DHCPv6 Redundancy Deployment Considerations

RFC 6925

The DHCPv4 Relay Agent Identifier Sub-Option

RFC 6926

DHCPv4 Bulk Leasequery

Note: Pre-RFC implementation

RFC 6939

Client Link-Layer Address Option for DHCPv6

RFC 7031

DHCPv6 Failover Requirements

RFC 7083

Modification to Default Values of SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT

RFC 7291

DHCP Options for the Port Control Protocol (PCP)

Note: Supported for DHCPv6. For DHCPv4 must be entered as blob data.

RFC 7550

Issues and Recommendations with Multiple Stateful DHCPv6 Options

RFC 7653

DHCPv6 Active Leasequery

Note: Pre-RFC implementation

RFC 7724

Active DHCPv4 Lease Query

Note: Pre-RFC implementation

RFC 8156

DHCPv6 Failover Protocol

Note: Pre-RFC implementation

RFC 8168

DHCPv6 Prefix-Length Hint Issue

RFC 8357

Generalized UDP Source Port for DHCP Relay

RFC 8415

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)

RFC 8520

Manufacturer Usage Description Specification

RFC 8925

IPv6-Only Preferred Option for DHCPv4

RFC 8973

Distributed-Denial-of-Service Open Threat Signaling (DOTS) Agent Discovery

DNS RFCs supported:

RFC

Description

RFC 952

DOD INTERNET HOST TABLE SPECIFICATION

RFC 1034

DOMAIN NAMES - CONCEPTS AND FACILITIES

RFC 1035

DOMAIN NAMES - IMPLEMENTATION AND SPECIFICATION

RFC 1101

DNS Encoding of Network Names and Other Types

RFC 1536

Common DNS Implementation Errors and Suggested Fixes

RFC 1706

DNS NSAP Resource Records

RFC 1982

Serial Number Arithmetic

RFC 1995

Incremental Zone Transfer in DNS

RFC 1996

A Mechanism for Prompt Notification of Zone Changes (DNS NOTIFY)

RFC 2136

Dynamic Updates in the Domain Name System (DNS UPDATE)

RFC 2181

Clarifications to the DNS Specification

RFC 2308

Negative Caching of DNS Queries (DNS NCACHE)

RFC 2317

Classless IN-ADDR.ARPA delegation

RFC 2782

A DNS RR for specifying the location of services (DNS SRV)

RFC 2845

Secret Key Transaction Authentication for DNS (TSIG)

RFC 3110

RSA/SHA-1 SIGs and RSA KEYs in the Domain Name System (DNS)

RFC 3226

DNSSEC and IPv6 A6 aware server/resolver message size requirements

RFC 3258

Distributing Authoritative Name Servers via Shared Unicast Addresses

RFC 3492

Punycode: A Bootstring encoding of Unicode for Internationalized Domain Names in Applications (IDNA)

RFC 3493

Basic Socket Interface Extensions for IPv6

RFC 3596

DNS Extensions to Support IP Version6

RFC 3597

Handling of Unknown DNS Resource Record (RR) Types

RFC 3645

Generic Security Service Algorithm for Secret Key Transaction Authentication for DNS (GSS-TSIG)

RFC 3833

Threat Analysis of the Domain Name System (DNS)

RFC 4033

DNS Security Introduction and Requirements

RFC 4034

Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions

RFC 4035

Protocol Modifications for the DNS Security Extensions

RFC 4074

Common Misbehavior Against DNS Queries for IPv6 Addresses

RFC 4159

Deprecation of "ip6.int"

RFC 4343

Domain Name System (DNS) Case Insensitivity Clarification

RFC 4367

What's in a Name: False Assumptions about DNS Names

RFC 4408

Sender Policy Framework (SPF) for Authorizing Use of Domains in E-Mail, Version 1

RFC 4592

The Role of Wildcards in the Domain Name System

RFC 4641

DNSSEC Operational Practice

RFC 4701

A DNS Resource Record (RR) for Encoding DHCP Information

RFC 5011*

Automated Updates of DNS Security (DNSSEC) Trust Anchors

RFC 5452

Measures for Making DNS More Resilient against Forged Answers

RFC 6052

IPv6 Addressing of IPv4/IPv6 Translators

RFC 6116

The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation

RFC 6147*

DNS64: DNS extensions for Network Address Translation from IPv6 Clients to IPv4 Servers

Note: Not compliant for section 5.1.4 and section 5.1.7 TTL calculation

RFC 6195

Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations

RFC 6605*

Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) for DNSSEC

RFC 6672*

DNAME Redirection in the DNS

RFC 6840

Clarifications and Implementation Notes for DNS Security (DNSSEC)

RFC 6844

DNS Certification Authority Authorization (CAA) Resource Record

RFC 6891

Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS(0))

RFC 7553

The Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) DNS Resource Record

RFC 7858

DNS over TLS

RFC 8020

NXDOMAIN: There Really Is Nothing Underneath

RFCs marked with ‘ *’ are supported only on the DNS Caching server.

System requirements

Cisco PNR 11.0 is a Linux application which runs on Intel-based servers. The required operating environment consists of:

      Linux OS (Red Hat Enterprise Linux, or equivalent)

      Bare metal Intel-architecture hardware -or- VMware ESXi -or- Docker Container

The software is tested within Cisco on Red Hat Enterprise Linux running on Cisco UCS Servers, as well as on VMware ESXi and Openstack. Cisco PNR uses Red Hat UBI for building the Docker Container form factor.

The Cisco PNR software is generally not sensitive to the RHEL and virtualization software levels used, so upgrades performed by the customer are not restricted. Customers are entitled to upgrade their OS and Hypervisor independently from any Cisco action, and are warranted directly by their respective vendors if the customer has the proper licenses from those vendors. Note that RHEL 8.0 introduced some changes and so is only supported starting with PNR 11.0. Cisco PNR 11.0 was tested with RHEL 8.2.

New PNR releases are tested with newer versions of RHEL and VM. Please refer to the PNR Release Notes for a listing of the latest versions that were tested with the PNR release.

For minimum system requirements for running Cisco PNR, please refer to the Cisco Prime Network Registrar Installation Guide.

Licensing

PNR 11.0 uses Capacity-based metering for licensing.

      DHCP is licensed based on number of IP Leases to be supported.

      DNS is licensed based on number of Resource Records to be supported.

      Caching DNS is licensed per instance (e.g., per server, per VM, or per Container)

PNR licensing is offered in the following tiers, so that the customer can select the level of feature richness desire:

License Tiers

 

Essentials Feature Set

Core features offered by the individual component

Advantage Feature Set

This refers to extended features for the product that are licensed as add-ons. These features provide additional capabilities and are purchased in addition to the Essential feature set (refer to the PID list for details).

Within each Tier, the customer must select the base license(s) for the components desired, and the Capacity meter licenses needed for each selected component.

License Meters

 

Base License

RTU (Right to Use) license for the software component, entitling the minimal level capacity.

Capacity Licenses

This license extends the purchased capacity beyond the initial capacity provided with the base license.

Additional licenses may apply.

PNR 11.0 supports PAK-based licensing or Smart licensing. Cisco Smart Licensing is a flexible licensing model that provides you with an easier, faster, and more consistent way to purchase and manage software across the Cisco portfolio and across your organization. And it’s secure – you control what users can access. With Smart Licensing you get:

      Easy Activation: Smart Licensing establishes a pool of software licenses that can be used across the entire organization—no more PAKs (Product Activation Keys).

      Unified Management: My Cisco Entitlements (MCE) provides a complete view into all of your Cisco products and services in an easy-to-use portal, so you always know what you have and what you are using.

      License Flexibility: Your software is not node-locked to your hardware, so you can easily use and transfer licenses as needed.

To use Smart Licensing, you must first set up a Smart Account on Cisco Software Central (software.cisco.com).

For a more detailed overview on Cisco Licensing, go to cisco.com/go/licensingguide

Ordering information

To place an order, visit the Cisco® Ordering Homepage. See the Cisco Prime Network Registrar Ordering Guide for a list of Cisco Prime Network Registrar product numbers and upgrade product numbers as well as detailed licensing information. To download software, visit the Cisco Software Center.

Cisco Services

The Cisco product warranty and technical support are limited to the Cisco PNR Application software. For support on other components, such as, but not limited to, Linux, Hypervisor, non-Cisco hardware, the customer must obtain entitlement and support licenses from the respective vendors.

Cisco offers a wide range of services programs to accelerate customer success. Cisco services help you to protect your network investment, optimize network operations, and prepare the network for new applications to extend network intelligence and the power of your business. For more information about Cisco Services, see Cisco Technical Support Services or Cisco Customer Experience.

Cisco Capital

Flexible payment solutions to help you achieve your objectives

Cisco Capital makes it easier to get the right technology to achieve your objectives, enable business transformation and help you stay competitive. We can help you reduce the total cost of ownership, conserve capital, and accelerate growth. In more than 100 countries, our flexible payment solutions can help you acquire hardware, software, services and complementary third-party equipment in easy, predictable payments. Learn more.

For more information

For more information about Cisco Prime Network Registrar, visit https://www.cisco.com/go/networkregistrar/, contact your local account representative, or send an email to ask-networkregistrar@cisco.com.

Document history

Table 2.        Document history

New or Revised Topic

Described In

Date

Revised support for IPAM services

Key technologies

June, 2021

Updates to Licensing Tiers

Licensing

June, 2021

Added Standards Compliances

Features and benefits

June, 2021

 

 

 

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