Global Credentials for Access Points
Cisco IOS access points are shipped from the factory with Cisco as the default enable password. This password allows users to log on to the nonprivileged mode and enter show and debug commands, which poses a security threat. The default enable password must be changed to prevent unauthorized users from accessing to the access point's console port and entering configurable commands.
The following are some guidelines to configure global credentials for access points:
You can set a global username, password, and enable password that all access points that are currently joined to the controller and any that join in the future inherit as they join the controller. If desired, you can override the global credentials and assign a unique username, password, and enable password for a specific access point.
After an access point joins the controller, the access point enables console port security, and you are prompted for your username and password whenever you log in to the access point’s console port. When you log on, you are in nonprivileged mode, and you must enter the enable password in order to use the privileged mode.
The global credentials that you configure on the controller are retained across controller and access point reboots. They are overwritten only if the access point joins a new controller that is configured with a global username and password. If the new controller is not configured with global credentials, the access point retains the global username and password configured for the first controller.
You must keep track of the credentials used by the access points. Otherwise, you might not be able to log onto the console port of the access point. If you need to return the access points to the default Cisco /Cisco username and password, you must clear the controller’s configuration and the access point’s configuration to return them to factory-default settings. To clear the controller’s configuration, choose Commands > Reset to Factory Default > Reset on the controller GUI, or enter the clear config command on the controller CLI. To clear the access point’s configuration, choose , click the AP name and click Clear All Config on the controller GUI, or enter the clear ap config Cisco_AP command on the controller CLI. To clear the access point's configuration except its static IP address, choose , click the AP name and click Clear Config Except Static IP, or enter the clear ap config ap-name keep-ip-config command on the controller CLI. After the access point rejoins a controller, it adopts the default Cisco/Cisco username and password.
If the AP is in Bridge mode, then the same Bridge mode is retained after the factory reset of the AP; if the AP is in FlexConnect, Local, Sniffer, or any other mode, then the AP mode is set to Local mode after the factory reset of the AP. If you press the Reset button on the AP and perform a true factory reset, then the AP moves to a cookie configured mode.
Suppose you configure an indoor Cisco AP to go into the mesh mode. If you want to reset the Cisco AP to the local mode, use the test mesh mode local command.
To reset the AP hardware, choose Reset AP Now., click the AP name and click
This section contains the following subsections: