Overview

This guide contains the maximum verified scalability limits for Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure (Cisco ACI) parameters in the following releases:

  • Cisco Application Policy Infrastructure Controller (Cisco APIC), Release 5.2(3)

  • Cisco Nexus 9000 Series ACI-Mode Switches, Release 15.2(3)

These values are based on a profile where each feature was scaled to the numbers specified in the tables. These numbers do not represent the theoretically possible Cisco ACI fabric scale.


Note

The verified scalability limits for Cisco Multi-Site previously included as part of this guide are now listed in the Multi-Site Orchestrator release-specific documents available at the following URL: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/cloud-systems-management/multi-site-orchestrator/products-device-support-tables-list.html.

The verified scalability limits for Cisco Cloud APIC previously included as part of this guide are now listed in the Cloud APIC release-specific documents available at the following URL: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/cloud-systems-management/cloud-application-policy-infrastructure-controller/products-tech-notes-list.html.


New and Changed Information

The following changes have been made to this document since initial release:

Table 1.

Date

Changes

May 11, 2022

Added dual-stack scale for "Number of L3 Outs".

April 29, 2022

Updated "Number of External Route Reflectors between Pods" scale.

Updated "Number of External EPGs" and "Number of External EPGs per L3 Out" scale with examples for clarity.

April 21, 2022

Added "DHCP relay addresses per BD across all labels" scale.

March 25, 2022

Updated "PTP Scalability Limits" section.

March 20, 2022

Improved content organization of the "General Scalability" section.

March 15, 2022

Updated "Maximum number of Data Plane policers at the interface level" scale numbers.

February 25, 2022

Updated "Number of source EPGs in tenant SPAN sessions" if both Access and Tenant SPAN are configured.

December 17, 2021

Added NetFlow scale numbers.

November 12, 2021

First release of this document.

General Scalability Limits

  • L2 Fabric: L2 Fabric in this document refers to an ACI fabric that contains only BDs with Scaled L2 Only mode (formerly known as Legacy mode). See Bridging > Bridge Domain Options > Scaled L2 Only Mode - Legacy Mode in APIC Layer 2 Configuration Guide for details about Scaled L2 Only mode.

  • L3 Fabric: The ACI L3 fabric solution provides a feature-rich highly scalable solution for public cloud and large enterprise. With this design, almost all supported features are deployed at the same time and are tested as a solution. The scalability numbers listed in this section are multi-dimensional scalability numbers. The fabric scalability numbers represent the overall number of objects created on the fabric. The per-leaf scale numbers are the objects created and presented on an individual leaf switch. The fabric level scalability numbers represent APIC cluster scalability and the tested upper limits. Some of the per-leaf scalability numbers are subject to hardware restrictions. The per-leaf scalability numbers are the maximum limits tested and supported by leaf switch hardware. This does not necessarily mean that every leaf switch in the fabric was tested with maximum scale numbers.

  • Stretched Fabric: Stretched fabric allows multiple fabrics (up to 3) distributed in multiple locations to be connected as a single fabric with a single management domain. The scale for the entire stretched fabric remains the same as for a single site fabric. For example a L3 stretched fabric will support up to 400 leaf switches total which is the maximum number of leaf switches supported on a single site fabric. Parameters only relevant to stretched fabric are mentioned in the tables below.

  • Multi-Pod: Multi-Pod enables provisioning a more fault-tolerant fabric comprised of multiple pods with isolated control plane protocols. Also, Multi-Pod provides more flexibility with regard to the full mesh cabling between leaf and spine switches. For example, if leaf switches are spread across different floors or different buildings, Multi-Pod enables provisioning multiple pods per floor or building and providing connectivity between pods through spine switches.

    Multi-Pod uses a single APIC cluster for all the pods; all the pods act as a single fabric. Individual APIC controllers are placed across the pods but they are all part of a single APIC cluster.

  • Multi-Site: Multi-Site is the architecture interconnecting and extending the policy domain across multiple APIC cluster domains. As such, Multi-Site could also be named as Multi-Fabric, since interconnects separate Availability Zones (Fabrics) and managed by an independent APIC controller cluster. An ACI Multi-Site Orchestrator is part of the architecture and is used to communicate with the different APIC domains to simplify the management of the architecture and the definition of inter-site policies.

Leaf Switches and Ports

The maximum number of leaf switches is 400 per pod and 500 total in Multi-Pod fabric. The maximum number of physical ports is 24,000 per fabric. The maximum number of remote leaf (RL) switches is 128 per fabric, with total number of BDs deployed on all remote leaf switches in the fabric not exceeding 60,000. The total number of BDs on all RLs is equal to the sum of BDs on each RL.

RL pod redundancy is supported for up to 64 remote leaf switches. If Remote Leaf Pod Redundancy policy is enabled, we recommended that you disable the Pre-emption flag in the APIC for all scaled up RL deployments. In other words, you must wait for BGP CPU utilization to fall under 50% on all spine switches before you initiate pre-emption.

Breakout Ports

The N9K-C9336C-FX2 switch supports up to 34 breakout ports in both 10G or 25G mode.

General Scalability Limits

Table 2. Fabric Scale Limits Per Cluster Size

Configurable Options

Default Fabric

Medium Fabric

Large Fabric

Number of APIC nodes

3

4

5 or 6

7

Number of leaf switches

80

200

300

500

Number of tier-2 leaf switches in Multi-Tier topology

Note 

The total number of leaf switches from all tiers must not exceed the "Number of leaf switches" listed above.

80

100

100

100

Number of leaf switches per pod

80

200

200

400

Number of Pods

6

6

12

12

Number of tenants

1000

1000

3000

3000

Number of Layer 3 (L3) contexts (VRFs)

1000

1000

3000

3000

Table 3. General Scalability Limits Per Fabric

Configurable Options

Scale Limits

Number of spine switches per Pod

6

Number of spine switches in a Multi-Pod fabric

24

Number of FEXs

650

(maximum of 20 FEXs and 576 ports per leaf)

Number of contracts

10,000

Number of contract filters

10,000

Number of endpoint groups (EPGs)

15,000

(21,000 for L2 fabric)

Number of EPGs per tenant

General limits:

  • Single-tenant fabrics: 4000

  • Multi-tenant fabrics: 500

Or one of the following two specific use cases within the same fabric (the EPGs must be deployed on local leaf switches only, not on remote leaf switches):

  • Use case 1:

    • Up to 10 tenants that have up to 700 EPGs per tenant, with the EPGs distributed across up to 100 leaf switches

  • Use case 2:

    • 1 tenant with up to 1400 EPGs deployed on up to 100 leaf switches

      For example, tenant1 with EPG1-1400 on leaf1-100

    • 1 tenant with up to 800 EPGs deployed on a different set of up to 20 leaf switches

      For example, tenant2 with EPG1401-2200 on leaf101-120

    • 2 tenants with up to 800 EPGs per tenant deployed on a different set of up 20 leaf switches

      For example, tenant3 with EPG2201-3000 and tenant4 with EPG 3001-3800 on leaf121-140

Number of bridge domains (BDs)

15,000

(21,000 for L2 fabric)

Number of vCenters

  • 200 VDS

  • 50 AVS

  • 50 Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

Number of Service Chains

1000

Number of L4 - L7 devices

30 managed or 50 unmanaged physical HA pairs

1200 virtual HA pairs (1200 maximum per fabric)

Number of ESXi hosts - VDS

3200

Number of ESXi hosts - AVS

3200 (only 1 AVS instance per host)

Number of ESXi hosts - AVE

3200 (only 1 AVE instance per host)

Number of VMs

Depends on server scale

Number of configuration zones per fabric

30

L3 EVPN services over fabric WAN - GOLF (with and without OpFlex)

1000 VRFs

60,000 routes in a fabric

Number of Routes in Overlay-1 VRF

1000

Floating L3Out

6 anchor nodes

32 non-anchor nodes

Multiple Fabric Options Scalability Limits

Stretched Fabric

Configurable Options

Per Fabric Scale

Maximum number of fabrics that can be a stretched fabric

3

Maximum number of Route Reflectors

6

Multi-Pod

Configurable Options

Per Fabric Scale

Maximum number of Pods

12

Maximum number of leaf switches per Pod

400

Maximum number of leaf switches overall

500

Maximum number of Route Reflectors for L3Out

24

Number of External Route Reflectors between Pods

  • For 1-3 Pods: Up to 3 external route reflectors

    We recommend full mesh for external BGP peers instead of using external route reflectors when possible

  • For 4 or more Pods: Up to 4 external route reflectors

    We recommend using external route reflectors instead of full mesh

    We recommend that the external route reflectors are distributed across Pods so that in case of any failure there are always at least two Pods with external route reflectors still reachable

Cisco ACI vPod Scalability Limits

Cisco ACI vPod Scalability Limits

Configurable Options

Scale

Number of vPods

6

Number of Cisco ACI Virtual Edge (AVE) instances per vPod

32

Number of Virtual Ethernet Ports (vEThs) per AVE in vPod

32

Number of EPGs per vPod

256

Number of EPGs across all vPods

864

Number of EPGs across all physical and virtual pods

15,000

Number of filters per ACI Virtual Edge

128

Number of contracts per ACI Virtual Edge

*The total number of filters used by all contracts must not exceed the filter limit above

36

Cisco Multi-Site Scalability Limits

Cisco Multi-Site Orchestrator (MSO) does not require a specific version of APIC to be running in all sites. The APIC clusters in each site as well as the MSO itself can be upgraded independently of each other and run in mixed operation mode as long as each fabric is running APIC, Release 3.2(6) or later.

As such, the verified scalability limits for your specific Multi-Site Orchestrator release are now available at the following URL: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/cloud-systems-management/multi-site-orchestrator/products-tech-notes-list.html.


Note

Each site managed by the Multi-Site Orchestrator must still adhere to the scalability limits specific to that site's APIC Release. For a complete list of all Verified Scalability Guides, see https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/cloud-systems-management/application-policy-infrastructure-controller-apic/tsd-products-support-series-home.html#Verified_Scalability_Guides


Fabric Topology, SPAN, Tenants, Contexts (VRFs), External EPGs, Bridge Domains, Endpoints, and Contracts Scalability Limits

The following table shows the mapping of the "ALE/LSE Type" to the corresponding ToR switches. This information is helpful to determine which ToR switch is affected when we use the terms ALE v1, ALE v2, LSE, or LSE2 in remaining sections.


Note

In the following table, the N9K-C9336C-FX2 and N9K-C93360YC-FX2 switches are listed as LSE for scalability limits purposes only; the switches support LSE2 platform features. Consult specific feature documentation for the full list of supported devices.


ALE/LSE Type

ACI-Supported ToR switches

ALE v2

  • N9K-C9396TX + N9K-M6PQ

  • N9K-C93128TX + N9K-M6PQ

  • N9K-C9396PX + N9K-M6PQ

  • N9K-C9372TX 64K

  • N9K-C9332PQ

  • N9K-C9372PX

LSE

  • N9K-C93108TC-EX

  • N9K-C93180YC-EX

  • N9K-C93180LC-EX

  • N9K-C9336C-FX2

  • N9K-C93216TC-FX2

  • N9K-C93240YC-FX2

  • N9K-C93360YC-FX2

LSE2

  • N9K-C93108TC-FX

  • N9K-C93180YC-FX

  • N9K-C9348GC-FXP

  • N9K-C93600CD-GX

  • N9K-C9364C-GX

  • N9K-C9332D-GX2B

  • N9K-C93180YC-FX3

  • N9K-C93108TC-FX3P


Note

  • Unless explicitly called out, LSE represents both LSE and LSE2 and ALE represents both ALE v1 and ALE v2 in the rest of this document.

  • The High Policy profile in LSE2 switches listed in the following sections is supported only on Cisco Nexus N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, C93180YC-FX3, and C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM.

  • High IPv4 EP Scale—This profile is recommended to be used only for the ACI border leaf (BL) switches in Multi-Domain (ACI-SDA) Integration. It provides enhanced IPv4 EP and LPM scales specifically for these BLs and has specific hardware requirements.


Fabric Topology

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Number of PCs, vPCs

320 (with FEX HIF)

N/A

Number of encapsulations per access port, PC, vPC (non-FEX HIF)

3000

N/A

Number of encapsulations per FEX HIF, PC, vPC

100

N/A

Number of encapsulations per FEX

1400

N/A

Number of member links per PC, vPC*

*vPC total ports = 32, 16 per leaf

16

N/A

Number of ports x VLANs (global scope and no FEX HIF)

64,000

168,000 (when using legacy BD mode)

N/A

Number of ports x VLANs (FEX HIFs and/or local scope)

ALE v2: 9000

LSE and LSE2: 10,000

N/A

Number of static port bindings

ALE v2: 30,000

For LSE and LSE2: 60,000

700,000

(200,000 per tenant)

Number of VMACs

For ALE v2: 255

For LSE and LSE2: 510

N/A

STP

All VLANs

N/A

Mis-Cabling Protocol (MCP)

256 VLANs per interface

2000 logical ports (port x VLAN) per leaf

N/A

Number of endpoints (EPs)

Default (Dual Stack) profile:

  • ALE v2:

    • MAC: 12,000

    • IPv4: 12,000 or

    • IPv6: 6000 or

    • IPv4: 4000

      IPv6: 4000

Default profile or High LPM profile:

  • LSE or LSE2:

    • MAC: 24,000

    • IPv4: 24,000

    • IPv6: 12,000

IPv4 scale profile:

  • LSE and LSE2:

    • MAC: 48,000

    • IPv4: 48,000

    • IPv6: Not supported

  • ALE v2: Not supported

High Dual Stack scale profile:

  • LSE:

    • MAC: 64,000

    • IPv4: 64,000

    • IPv6: 24,000

  • LSE2:

    • MAC: 64,000

    • IPv4: 64,000

    • IPv6: 48,000

  • ALE v2: Not supported

High Policy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, C93180YC-FX3, and C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • MAC: 24,000

    • IPv4: 24,000

    • IPv6: 12,000

  • LSE (N9K-C9336C-FX2 and N9K-C93180YC-EX):

    • MAC: 16,000

    • IPv4: 16,000

    • IPv6: 8000

High IPv4 EP Scale profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, and N9K-C93180YC-FX3 switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • MAC: 24,000

    • IPv4 local: 24,000

    • IPv4 total: 280,000

    • IPv6: 12,000

  • Not supported on LSE

Multicast Heavy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, N9K-C93180YC-FX3, and N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • MAC: 24,000

    • IPv4 local: 24,000

    • IPv4 total: 64,000

    • IPv6: 4000

  • Not supported on LSE

16-slot and 8-slot modular spine switches:

Max. 450,000 Proxy Database Entries in the fabric, which can be translated into any one of the following:

  • 450,000 MAC-only EPs (each EP with one MAC only)

  • 225,000 IPv4 EPs (each EP with one MAC and one IPv4)

  • 150,000 dual-stack EPs (each EP with one MAC, one IPv4, and one IPv6)

The formula to calculate in mixed mode is as follows:

#MAC + #IPv4 + #IPv6 <= 450,000

NOTE: Four fabric modules are required on all spines in the fabric to support above scale.

4-slot modular spine switches:

Max. 360,000 Proxy Database Entries in the fabric, which can be translated into any one of the following:

  • 360,000 MAC-only EPs (each EP with one MAC only)

  • 180,000 IPv4 EPs (each EP with one MAC and one IPv4)

  • 120,000 dual-stack EPs (each EP with one MAC, one IPv4, and one IPv6)

The formula to calculate in mixed mode is as follows:

#MAC + #IPv4 + #IPv6 <= 360,000

NOTE: Four fabric modules are required on all spines in the fabric to support above scale.

Fixed spine switches:

Max. 180,000 Proxy Database Entries in the fabric, which can be translated into any one of the following:

  • 180,000 MAC-only EPs (each EP with one MAC only)

  • 90,000 IPv4 EPs (each EP with one MAC and one IPv4)

  • 60,000 dual-stack EPs (each EP with one MAC, one IPv4, and one IPv6)

The formula to calculate in mixed mode is as follows:

#MAC + #IPv4 + #IPv6 <= 180,000

Number of Multicast Routes

Default (Dual Stack), IPv4 Scale, High LPM, High Policy or High IPv4 EP scale profiles: 8000 with (S,G) scale not exceeding 4000

High Dual Stack profile:

  • LSE: 512

  • LSE2: 32,000 with (S,G) scale not exceeding 16,000

Multicast Heavy profile:

  • LSE: not supported

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, N9K-C93180YC-FX3, and N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only): 90,000 with (S,G) scale not exceeding 72,000

128,000

Number of Multicast Routes per VRF

Default (Dual Stack), IPv4 Scale, High LPM, High Policy or High IPv4 EP scale profiles: 8,000 with (S,G) scale not exceeding 4,000

High Dual Stack profile:

  • LSE: 512

  • LSE2: 32,000 with (S,G) scale not exceeding 16,000

Multicast Heavy profile:

  • LSE: not supported

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, N9K-C93180YC-FX3, and N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only): 32,000

32,000

IGMP snooping L2 multicast routes

  • For IGMPv2, route scale is for (*, G) only

  • For IGMPv3, route scale is for both (S, G) and (*, G)

Note 

IGMP snooping entries are created per BD (2 receivers that join the same group from 2 different BDs consume 2 separate entries).

Default (Dual Stack), IPv4, High LPM, High Policy, or High IPv4 EP scale profiles: 8000

High Dual Stack profile:

  • LSE: 512

  • LSE2: 32,000

Multicast Heavy profile:

  • LSE: not supported

  • LSE2: 32,000

32,000

Number of IPs per MAC

4096

4096

Number of Host-Based Routing Advertisements

30,000 host routes per border leaf

N/A

SPAN

ALE-based ToR switches:

  • 4 unidirectional or 2 bidirectional access/tenant sessions

  • 4 unidirectional or 2 bidirectional fabric sessions

LSE-based ToR switches:

  • 32 unidirectional or 16 bidirectional sessions (fabric, access, or tenant)

N/A

Number of ports per SPAN session

ALE-based ToR switches:
  • All leaf access ports could be in one session.

  • All leaf fabric ports could be in one session.

LSE/LSE2-based ToR switches:
  • 63 – total number of unique ports (fabric + access) across all types of span sessions

N/A

Number of source EPGs in tenant SPAN sessions

Note 

The numbers listed in this row assume that only tenant SPAN is configured.

If both, Access and Tenant SPAN are configured, the following formula applies for both ingress and egress SPAN:

E + P + E*P + EPP + v6FePP + 0.5*v4FePP <= 230

Where:

  • E— Number of source EPGs in Tenant SPAN

  • P—Number of source Ports in access SPAN without any filters

  • EPP—Number of (Epg,Port) Pairs in access SPAN with EPG filter only (no filter group)

  • v4FePP—Number of (v4 filter entry, Port) Pairs in access SPAN with filter group

  • v6FePP—Number of (v6 Filter entry, Port) Pairs in access SPAN with filter group

ALE-based ToR switches:

  • 230 ingress direction + 50 egress direction

LSE-based ToR switches:

  • 230 bidirectional

  • 460 unidirectional (230 ingress + 230 egress)

N/A

Number of SPAN ACL filter TCAM entries

SPAN filters are supported on -EX, -FX, and -FX2 TORs only.

SPAN filters are not supported in the following:

  • Fabric ports

  • Fabric and tenant SPAN sessions

  • Spine switches

  • IPv4: 480

  • IPv6: 240

Total number of TCAM entries is calculated using the following formula:

(IPv4-filters) * (IPv4-filter-source-groups) + 2 * (IPv6-filters) * (IPv6-filter-source-groups) + 2 * (no-filter-source-groups)

N/A

Number of L4 Port Ranges

16 (8 source and 8 destination )

First 16 port ranges consume a TCAM entry per range.

Each additional port range beyond the first 16 consumes a TCAM entry per port in the port range.

Filters with distinct source port range and destination port range count as 2 port ranges.

You cannot add more than 16 port ranges at once.

N/A

Common pervasive gateway

256 virtual IPs per Bridge Domain

N/A

Number of Data Plane policers at the interface level

ALE:

  • 64 ingress policers

  • 64 egress policers

LSE and LSE2:

  • 7 ingress policers

  • 3 egress policers

N/A

Number of Data Plane policers at EPG and interface level

128 ingress policers

N/A

Number of interfaces with Per-Protocol Per-Interface (PPPI) CoPP

63

N/A

Number of TCAM entries for Per-Protocol Per-Interface (PPPI) CoPP

256

One PPPI CoPP configuration may use more than one TCAM entry. The number of TCAM entries used for each configuration varies in each protocol and leaf platform. Use vsh_lc -c 'show system internal aclqos pppi copp tcam-usage' command to check on LSE/LSE2 platforms

N/A

Number of SNMP trap receivers

10

10

IP SLA probes*

*With 1 second probe time and 3 seconds of timeout

100

1500

First Hop Security (FHS)*

With any combination of BDs/EPGs/EPs within the supported limit

2000 endpoints

1000 bridge domains

N/A

Number of Q-in-Q tunnels

(both QinQ core and edge combined)

1980

N/A

Number of TEP-to-TEP atomic counters

N/A

1600

SR-MPLS

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

EVPN sessions

4

100

BGP labeled unicast (LU) pairs

16

200

ECMP paths

16

N/A

Infra SR-MPLS L3Outs*

* Including both, remote leaf and multi-pod

N/A

100 total, 2 per RL location

VRFs*

* Including both, remote leaf and multi-pod

N/A

1,200

Total routes*

* Including both, remote leaf and multi-pod

N/A

60,000

External EPGs

N/A

2000 total, 100 per VRF

Interfaces

N/A

Same as fabric scale

Multi-pod remote leaf pairs

N/A

50 pairs (100 RLs total)

Tenants

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Contexts (VRFs) per tenant

ALE: 50

LSE: 128

ALE: 50

LSE: 128

VRFs (Contexts)

All numbers are applicable to dual stack unless explicitly called out.

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Number of Contexts (VRFs)

ALE: 400

LSE and LSE2: 800

3000

Maximum ECMP (equal cost multipath) for BGP best path

64

N/A

Maximum ECMP (equal cost multipath) for OSPF best path

64

N/A

Maximum ECMP (equal cost multipath) for Static Route best path

64

N/A

Number of isolated EPGs

400

400

Border Leafs per L3 Out

N/A

12

Number of vzAny Provided Contracts

Shared services: Not supported

Non-shared services: 70 per Context (VRF)

N/A

Number of vzAny Consumed Contracts

Shared services: 16 per Context (VRF)

Non-shared services: 70 per Context (VRF)

N/A

Number of Graphs Instances per device cluster

N/A

500

L3 Out per context (VRF)

N/A

400

Number of BFD neighbors

  • Up to 256 sessions using the following minimum BFD timers:

    • minTx:50

    • minRx:50

    • multiplier:3

N/A

Number of BGP neighbors

400

10,000

Number of OSPF neighbors

300

N/A

Number of EIGRP neighbors

16

N/A

Number of static routes to a single SVI/VRF

5000

N/A

Number of static routes on a single leaf switch

10,000

N/A

Number of IP Longest Prefix Matches (LPM) entries

Note 

The total of (# of IPv4 prefixes) + 2*(# of IPv6 prefixes) must not exceed the scale listed for IPv4 alone

Default (Dual Stack) profile:

  • ALE v2:

    • IPv4: 10,000 or

    • IPv6: 6000 or

    • IPv4: 4000, IPv6: 4000

    • IPv6 wide prefixes (> /64): 1000

  • For LSE or LSE2:

    • IPv4: 20,000 or

    • IPv6: 10,000

    • IPv6 wide prefixes (>= /84): 1000

      NOTE: For LSE2 and FX2 models there's no restriction on wide prefixes.

IPv4 scale profile:

  • For LSE or LSE2:

    • IPv4: 38,000

    • IPv6: Not supported

  • ALE v2: Not supported

High Dual Stack scale profile:

  • LSE or LSE2:

    • IPv4: 38,000 or

    • IPv6: 19,000

    • IPv6 wide prefixes (>= /84): 1000

      NOTE: For LSE2 and FX2 models there's no restriction on wide prefixes.

  • ALE v2: Not supported

N/A

Number of IP Longest Prefix Matches (LPM) entries

(Continued)

Note 

The total of (# of IPv4 prefixes) + 2*(# of IPv6 prefixes) must not exceed the scale listed for IPv4 alone

High LPM Scale profile –

  • LSE or LSE2:

    • IPv4: 128,000 or

    • IPv6: 64,000

    • IPv6 wide prefixes (>= /84): 1000

      NOTE: For LSE2 and FX2 models there's no restriction on wide prefixes.

  • ALE v2: Not supported

High Policy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, C93180YC-FX3, and C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • IPv4: 20,000 or

    • IPv6: 10,000

  • LSE (N9K-C9336C-FX2 and N9K-C93180YC-EX):

    • IPv4: 8000

    • IPv6: 4000

High IPv4 EP Scale profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, and N9K-C93180YC-FX3 switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • IPv4: 40,000

    • IPv6: 20,000

  • LSE: Not supported

Multicast Heavy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, N9K-C93180YC-FX3, and N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • IPv4: 20,000

    • IPv6: 10,000

  • LSE: Not supported

N/A

Average number of paths (ECMP) per prefix at maximum LPM scale

Default (Dual Stack), High Policy and Multicast Heavy profiles:

  • IPv4: 32

  • IPv6: 12

IPv4 scale profile:

  • IPv4: 16

  • IPv6: NA

High Dual Stack scale profile:

  • IPv4: 16

  • IPv6: 6

High LPM scale profile:

  • IPv4: 4

  • IPv6: 1

N/A

Number of Secondary addresses per logical interface

1

1

Number of L3 interfaces per Context

  • 1000 SVIs

  • 16 Routed interfaces

  • 100 sub-interfaces with or without port-channel

N/A

Number of L3 interfaces

  • 1000 SVIs

  • 16 Routed interfaces

  • 1000 sub-interfaces with or without port-channel

N/A

Number of ARP entries for L3 Outs

7,500

N/A

Shared L3 Out

  • IPv4 Prefixes: 2000 or

  • IPv6 Prefixes: 1000

  • IPv4 Prefixes: 6000 or

  • IPv6 Prefixes: 3000

Number of L3 Outs

400

For LSE and LSE2: 800

2400 (single-stack)

1800 (dual-stack)

External EPGs

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Number of External EPGs

800

ALE: 2400

LSE: 4000

The listed scale is calculated as a product of (Number of external EPGs)*(Number of border leaf switches for the L3Out)

For example, the following combination adds up to a total of 2000 external EPGs in the fabric (250 external EPGs * 2 border leaf switches * 4 L3Outs):

  • 250 External EPGs in L3Out1 on leaf1 and leaf2

  • 250 External EPGs in L3Out2 on leaf1 and leaf2.

  • 250 External EPGs in L3Out3 on leaf3 and leaf4

  • 250 External EPGs in L3Out4 on leaf3 and leaf4

Number of External EPGs per L3Out

250

600

The listed scale is calculated as a product of (Number of external EPGs per L3Out)*(Number of border leaf switches for the L3Out)

For examples, 150 external EPGs on L3Out1 that is deployed on leaf1, leaf2, leaf3, and leaf4 adds up to a total of 600

Number of LPM Prefixes for External EPG Classification

Note 

Maximum combined number of IPv4/IPv6 host and LPM prefixes for External EPG Classification must not exceed 64,000

ALE: 1000 IPv4

LSE: refer to LPM scale section.

N/A

Number of host prefixes for External EPG Classification

Note 

Maximum combined number of IPv4/IPv6 host and LPM prefixes for External EPG Classification must not exceed 64,000

ALE: 1000

LSE and LSE2:

  • Default Profile:

    • IPv4 (/32): 16,000

    • IPv6 (/128): 12,000

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 12,000.

  • IPv4 Scale profile:

    • IPv4 (/32): 16,000

      Combined number of host prefixes, multicast groups, and endpoints can't exceed 56,000.

    • IPv6 (/128): 0

  • High Dual Stack Profile:

    • IPv4 (/32): 64,000

      Combined number of host prefixes, multicast groups, and endpoints can't exceed 64,000.

    • IPv6 (/128): 24,000 (LSE)

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 24,000.

    • IPv6 (/128): 48,000 (LSE2 only)

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 48,000.

  • High LPM Profile:

    • IPv4 (/32): 24,000

      Combined number of host prefixes, multicast groups, and endpoints can't exceed 24,000.

    • IPv6 (/128): 12,000

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 12,000.

  • High Policy profile (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, C93180YC-FX3, and C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • IPv4 (/32): 16,000

    • IPv6 (/128): 12,000

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 12,000.

  • High IPv4 EP Scale profile (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, and N9K-C93180YC-FX3 switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • IPv4 (/32): 16,000

    • IPv6 (/128): 12,000

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 12,000.

  • Multicast Heavy profile (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, N9K-C93180YC-FX3, and N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only):

    • IPv4 (/32): 16,000

      Combined number of host prefixes, multicast groups, and endpoints can't exceed 154,000.

    • IPv6 (/128): 4000

      Combined number of host prefixes and endpoints can't exceed 4000.

N/A

Bridge Domains

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Number of BDs

1980

Legacy mode: 3500

On ALE ToR switches with multicast optimized mode: 50

15,000

Number of BDs with Unicast Routing per Context (VRF)

ALE: 256

LSE: 1000

1750

Number of subnets per BD

1000, cannot be for all BDs.

1000 per BD

Number of EPGs per BD

3960

4000

Number of L2 Outs per BD

1

1

Number of BDs with Custom MAC Address

1750

Legacy mode: 3500

On ALE ToR switches with multicast optimized mode: 50

1750

Legacy mode: 3500

On ALE ToR switches with multicast optimized mode: 50

Number of EPGs + L3 Outs per Multicast Group

128

128

Number of BDs with L3 Multicast enabled

1750

1750

Number of VRFs with L3 Multicast enabled

64

300

Number of L3 Outs per BD

ALE: 4

LSE: 16

N/A

Number of static routes behind pervasive BD (EP reachability)

N/A

450

DHCP relay addresses per BD across all labels

16

N/A

Number of external EPGs per L2 out

1

1

Number of PIM Neighbors

1000

1000

Number of PIM Neighbors per VRF

64

64

Number of L3Out physical interfaces with PIM enabled

32

N/A

Endpoint Groups (Under App Profiles)

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Number of EPGs

Normally 3,960; if legacy mode 3,500

15,000

Maximum amount of encapsulations per EPG

1 Static leaf binding, plus 10 Dynamic VMM

N/A

Maximum Path encap binding per EPG

Equals to number of ports on the leaf

N/A

Maximum amount of encapsulations per EPG per port with static binding

One (path or leaf binding)

N/A

Number of domains (physical, L2, L3)

100

N/A

Number of VMM domains

N/A

  • 200 VDS

  • 50 AVS

  • 50 Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

Number of native encapsulations

  • One per port, if a VLAN is used as a native VLAN.

  • Total number of ports, if there is a different native VLAN per port.

Applicable to each leaf independently

Number of 802.1p encapsulations

  • 1, if path binding then equals the number of ports.

  • If there is a different native VLAN per port, then it equals the number of ports.

Applicable to each leaf independently

Can encapsulation be tagged and untagged?

No

N/A

Number of Static endpoints per EPG

Maximum endpoints

N/A

Number of Subnets for inter-context access per tenant

4000

N/A

Number of Taboo Contracts per EPG

2

N/A

IP-based EPG (bare metal)

4000

N/A

MAC-based EPG (bare metal)

4000

N/A

Contracts

Policy TCAM compression is supported starting with Release 4.0(1). In this release, policy compression feature is supported only on LSE (N9K-C9336C-FX2) and LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, and C93180YC-FX3) switches. In the following table, "Software Policy scale" refers to the recommended maximum PE actrlRules deployed on any given TOR. We can retrieve the PE actrlRule objects deployed on TOR by querying actrlRule Managed Object.

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Security TCAM size

Default scale profile:

  • ALE v2: 40,000

  • LSE and LSE2: 64,000

IPv4 scale profile:

  • ALE v2: N/A

  • LSE and LSE2: 64,000

High Dual Stack scale profile:

  • ALE v2: N/A

  • LSE: 8000

  • LSE2: 128,000

High LPM scale profile:

  • ALE v2: N/A

  • LSE and LSE2: 8000

High Policy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, C93180YC-FX3, and C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only): 256,000

  • LSE (N9K-C9336C-FX2 and N9K-C93180YC-EX): 100,000

High IPv4 EP Scale profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, and N9K-C93180YC-FX3 switches with 32GB of RAM only): 64,000

  • Not supported on LSE

Multicast Heavy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, N9K-C93180YC-FX3, and N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches with 32GB of RAM only): 64,000

  • Not supported on LSE

N/A

Software policy scale with Policy Table Compression enabled

(Number of actrlRule Managed Objects)

Dual stack profile:

  • LSE (N9K-C9336C-FX2 only): 80,000

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX and N9K-C9332D-GX2B): 80,000

High Dual Stack profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, and N9K-C9332D-GX2B only) : 140,000

High Policy profile:

  • LSE2 (N9K-C93180YC-FX, N9K-C93600CD-GX, N9K-C9364C-GX, N9K-C9332D-GX2B, and C93180YC-FX3 switches with 32GB of RAM) : 256,000

  • LSE (N9K-C9336C-FX2): 100,000

N/A

Approximate TCAM calculator given contracts and their use by EPGs

Number of entries in a contract X Number of Consumer EPGs X Number of Provider EPGs X 2

N/A

Number of consumers (or providers) of a contract that has more than 1 provider (or consumer)

100

100

Number of consumers (or providers) of a contract that has a single provider (or consumer)

1000

1000

Scale guideline for the number of Consumers and Providers for the same contract

N/A

Number of consumer EPGs * number of provider EPGs * number of filters in the contract <= 50,000

Number of rules for consumer/provider relationships with in-band EPG

400

N/A

Number of rules for consumer/provider relationships with out-of-band EPG

400

N/A

Endpoint Security Groups (ESG)

Configurable Options

Scale

Number of ESGs per Fabric

10,000

Number of ESGs per VRF

4000

Number of ESGs per Tenant

4000

Number of L2 MAC Selectors per Leaf

5000

Number of L3 IP Selectors per Leaf

5000

FCoE NPV

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Number of VSANs

32

Number of VFCs configured on physical ports and FEX ports

151

Number of VFCs on port-channel (PC), including SAN port-channel

7

Number of VFCs on virtual port-channel (vPC) interfaces, including FEX HIF vPC

151

Number of FDISC per port

255

Number of FDISC per leaf

1000

FC NPV

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Number of FC NP Uplink interfaces

48

Number of VSANs

32

Number of FDISC per port

255

Number of FDISC per leaf

1000

Number of SAN port-channel, including VFC port-channel

7

Number of members in a SAN port-channel

16

VMM Scalability Limits

VMware

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale

Per Fabric Scale

Number of vCenters (VDS)

N/A

200 (Verified with a load of 10 events/minute for each vCenter)

Number of vCenters (AVS)

N/A

50

Number of vCenters (Cisco ACI Virtual Edge)

N/A

50

Datacenters in a vCenter

N/A

15

Total Number of VMM domain (vCenter, Datacenter) instances.

N/A

  • 200 VDS

  • 50 AVS

  • 50 Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

Number of ESX hosts per AVS

240

N/A

Number of ESX hosts running Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

150

N/A

Number of EPGs per vCenter/vDS

N/A

5000

Number of EPGs to VMware domains/vDS

N/A

5000

Number of EPGs per vCenter/AVS

N/A

3500

Number of EPGs to VMware domains/AVS

N/A

3500

Number of EPGs per vCenter/Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

N/A

VLAN Mode: 1300

VXLAN Mode: 2000

Number of EPGs to VMware domains and Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

N/A

VLAN Mode: 1300

VXLAN Mode: 2000

Number of endpoints (EPs) per AVS

10,000

10,000

Number of endpoints per VDS

10,000

10,000

Number of endpoints per vCenter

10,000

10,000

Number of endpoints per Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

10,000

10,000

Support RBAC for AVS

N/A

Yes

Support RBAC for VDS

N/A

Yes

Support RBAC for Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

N/A

Yes

Number of Microsegment EPGs with vDS

400

N/A

Number of Microsegment EPGs with AVS

1000

N/A

Number of Microsegment EPGs with Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

1000

N/A

Number of DFW flows per vEth with AVS

10,000

N/A

Number of DFW flows per vEth with Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

10,000

N/A

Number of DFW denied and permitted flows per ESX host with AVS

250,000

N/A

Number of DFW denied and permitted flows per ESX host with Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

250,000

N/A

Number of VMM domains per EPG with AVS

N/A

10

Number of VMM domains per EPG with Cisco ACI Virtual Edge

N/A

10

Number of VM Attribute Tags per vCenter

N/A

vCenter version 6.0: 500

vCenter version 6.5: 1000

Microsoft SCVMM

Configurable Options

Per Leaf Scale (On-Demand Mode)

Per Leaf Scale (Pre-Provision Mode)

Per Fabric Scale

Number of controllers per SCVMM domain

N/A

N/A

5

Number of SCVMM domains

N/A

N/A

25

EPGs per Microsoft VMM domain

N/A

N/A

3000

EPGs per all Microsoft VMM domains

N/A

N/A

9000

EP/VNICs per HyperV host

N/A

N/A

100

EP/VNICs per SCVMM

3000

10,000

10,000

Number of Hyper-V hosts

64

N/A

N/A

Number of logical switch per host

N/A

N/A

1

Number of uplinks per logical switch

N/A

N/A

4

Microsoft micro-segmentation

1000

Not Supported

N/A

Microsoft Windows Azure Pack

Configurable Options

Per Fabric Scale

Number of Windows Azure Pack subscriptions

1000

Number of plans per Windows Azure Pack instance

150

Number of users per plan

200

Number of subscriptions per user

3

VM networks per Windows Azure Pack user

100

VM networks per Windows Azure Pack instance

3000

Number of tenant shared services/providers

40

Number of consumers of shared services

40

Number of VIPs (Citrix)

50

Number of VIPs (F5)

50

Layer 4 - Layer 7 Scalability Limits

Configurable Options

(L4-L7 Configurations)

Per Fabric Scale

Number of L4-L7 logical device clusters

1200

Number of graph instances

1000

Number of device clusters per tenant

30

Number of interfaces per device cluster

Any

Number of graph instances per device cluster

500

Deployment scenario for ASA (transparent or routed)

Yes

Deployment scenario for Citrix - One arm with SNAT/etc.

Yes

Deployment scenario for F5 - One arm with SNAT/etc.

Yes

AD, TACACS, RBAC Scalability Limits

Configurable Options

Per Fabric Scale

Number of ACS/AD/LDAP authorization domains

4 tested (16 maximum /server type)

Number of login domains

15 (can go beyond).

Number of security domains/APIC

15 (can go beyond).

Number of security domains in which the tenant resides

4 (can go beyond).

Number of priorities

4 tested (16 per domain)

Number of shell profiles that can be returned.

4 tested (32 domains total)

Number of users

8000 local / 8000 remote

Number of simultaneous logins

500 connections / NGNIX simultaneous REST logins

Cisco Mini ACI Fabric and Virtual APICs Scalability Limits

Property

Maximum Scale

Number of spine switches

2

Number of leaf switches

4

Number of Pods

1

Number of tenants

25

Number of VRFs

25

Number of bridge domains (BDs)

1000

Number of endpoint groups (EPGs)

1000

Number of endpoints

20,000

Number of contracts

2000

Number of service graph instances

20

Number of L4-L7 logical device clusters

3 Physical or 10 Virtual

Number of multicast groups

200

Number of BGP+OSPF sessions

25

GOLF VRF, Route Scale

N/A

Cisco ACI and UCSM Scalability

The following table shows verified scalability numbers for Cisco Unified Computing System with Cisco ACI ExternalSwitch app.

Configurable Options

Scale

Number of UCSMs per APIC cluster

12

Number of VMM Domains per UCSM

4

Number of VLANs + PVLAN per UCSM

4000

Number of vNIC Templates per UCSM

16

QoS Scalability Limits

The following table shows QoS scale limits. The same numbers apply for topologies with or without remote leafs as well as with COS preservation and MPOD policy enabled.

QoS Mode

QoS Scale

Custom QoS Policy with DSCP

7

Custom QoS Policy with DSCP and Dot1P

7

Custom QoS Policy with Dot1P

38

Custom QoS Policy via a Contract

38

PTP Scalability Limits

The following table shows Precision Time Protocol (PTP) scale limits.

Configurable Options

Scale

(IEEE 1588 Default Profile)

Scale

(AES67, SMPTE-2059-2)

Scale

(Telecom Profile G.8275.1)

Number of leaf switches connected to a single spine with PTP globally enabled

128

40

N/A

Number of ACI switches connected to the same tier-1 leaf switch (multi-tier topology) with PTP globally enabled

16

16

N/A

Number of access ports with PTP enabled on a leaf switch

25

Note 

For improved performance on 1G interfaces with N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches, the maximum number of 1G interfaces should not exceed 10 out of 25

25

Note 

For improved performance on 1G interfaces with N9K-C93108TC-FX3P switches, the maximum number of 1G interfaces should not exceed 10 out of 25

24

Number of PTP peers per access port

PTP Mode Multicast (Dynamic/Master): 2 peers

PTP Mode Unicast Master: 1 peer

PTP Mode Multicast (Dynamic/Master): 2 peers

PTP Mode Unicast Master: 1 peer

1

Number of PTP peers per leaf switch

26

26

25

NetFlow Scale

Configurable Options

Scale

Exporters per leaf switch

2

NetFlow monitor policies under BDs per leaf switch

100

NetFlow monitor policies under L3Outs per leaf switch

120

Number of records per collect interval

20,000