This document explains how to configure the Cisco OfficeExtend access point (OEAP) and the Remote Local Area Network (RLAN) on 9800 WLC.
A Cisco OfficeExtend access point (OEAP) provides secure communications from a controller to a Cisco AP at a remote location, seamlessly extending the corporate WLAN over the Internet to an employee’s residence. A user’s experience at the home office is exactly the same as it would be at the corporate office. Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) encryption between an access point and the controller ensures that all communications have the highest level of security.
A Remote LAN (RLAN) is used for authenticating wired clients using the controller. Once the wired client successfully joins the controller, the LAN ports switch the traffic between central or local switching modes. The traffic from the wired clients is treated as wireless client traffic. The RLAN in Access Point (AP) sends the authentication request to authenticate the wired client. The authentication of the wired clients in RLAN is similar to the central authenticated wireless client.
Cisco recommends that you have knowledge of these topics:
Command-line Interface (CLI) access to the wireless controllers and Access Points
The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions:
Catalyst 9800 WLC version 17.02.01
1815/1810 Series AP
The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, ensure that you understand the potential impact of any command.
AP Join behind the NAT
In 16.12.x codes, you need to configure NAT IP address from the CLI. There is no GUI option available. You can also select CAPWAP discovery through public or private IP.
(config)#wireless management interface vlan 1114 nat public-ip x.x.x.x (config-nat-interface)#capwap-discovery ? private Include private IP in CAPWAP Discovery Response
public Include public IP in CAPWAP Discovery Response
In 17.x codes, navigate to Configuration > Interface > Wireless and then click Wireless Management Interface, to configure NAT IP and CAPWAP-discovery type from the GUI.
1. In order to create a Flex profile, enable Office Extend AP and navigate to Configuration > Tags & Profiles > Flex.
2. In order to create a Site Tag and map Flex Profile, navigate to Configuration > Tags & Profiles > Tags.
3. Navigate to tag the 1815 AP with the Site Tag created by Configuration > Wireless Setup >Advanced > Tag APs.
Once the 1815 AP re-joins the WLC, verify this output:
vk-9800-1#show ap name AP1815 config general
Cisco AP Name : AP1815 =================================================
Cisco AP Identifier : 002c.c8de.3460
Country Code : Multiple Countries : IN,US
Regulatory Domain Allowed by Country : 802.11bg:-A 802.11a:-ABDN
when you enable the OfficeExtend mode for an access point DTLS data encryption is enabled automatically.
AP1815#show capwap client config
AdminState : ADMIN_ENABLED(1)
Name : AP1815
Location : default location
Primary controller name : vk-9800-1
ssh status : Enabled
ApMode : FlexConnect
ApSubMode : Not Configured
Link-Encryption : Enabled
OfficeExtend AP : Enabled
Discovery Timer : 10
Heartbeat Timer : 30
Syslog server : 255.255.255.255
Syslog Facility : 0
Syslog level : informational
Note: You can enable or disable DTLS data encryption for a specific access point or for all access points using the ap link-encryption command
vk-9800-1(config)#ap profile default-ap-profile
Disabling link-encryption globally will reboot the APs with link-encryption.
Are you sure you want to continue? (y/n)[y]:y
Log into OEAP and Configure the Personal SSID
1. You can access the web interface of the OEAP with its IP address. The default credentials to log in are admin and admin.
2. It is recommended to change the default credentials for security reasons.
3. Navigate to Configuration> SSID> 2.4GHz/5GHz to configure the personal SSID.
4. Enable Radio interface.
5. Enter the SSID and enable Broadcast
6. For encryption, choose WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK and enter the passphrase for corresponding security type.
7. Click Apply for settings to take effect.
8. Clients that connect to the personal SSID gets the IP address from 10.0.0.1/24 network by default.
9. Home users can use the same AP to connect for their home use & that traffic is not passed via the DTLS tunnel.
10. In order to check client associations on the OEAP, navigate to Home > Client. You are able to see the local clients and Corporate clients associated with the OEAP.
To clear personal ssidfrom office-extend ap
ewlc#ap name cisco-ap clear-personalssid-config
clear-personalssid-config Clears the Personal SSID config on an OfficeExtend AP
Configure RLAN on 9800 WLC
A Remote LAN (RLAN) is used for authenticating wired clients using the controller. Once the wired client successfully joins the controller, the LAN ports switch the traffic between central or local switching modes. The traffic from the wired clients is treated as wireless client traffic. The RLAN in Access Point (AP) sends the authentication request to authenticate the wired client. The
The authentication of the wired clients in RLAN is similar to the central authenticated wireless client.
Note: Local EAP is being used for RLAN client authentication in this example. Local EAP configuration has to be present on the WLC to configure the below steps. It includes aaa authentication & authorization methods, Local EAP profile, and Local credentials.
In order to create RLAN profile, navigate to Configuration > Wireless > Remote LAN and enter a Name and RLAN ID for the RLAN profile, as shown in this image.
2. Navigate to Security > Layer2, in order to enable 802.1x for an RLAN, set the 802.1x status as Enabled, as shown in this image.
3. Navigate to Security > AAA, set the Local EAP Authentication to enabled, and choose the required EAP Profile Name from the drop-down list, as shown in this image.
4. In order to Create RLAN policy, navigate to Configuration > Wireless > Remote LAN and on the Remote LAN page, click RLAN Policy tab, as shown in this image.
Navigate to Access Policies and configure the VLAN and Host Mode and apply the settings.
5. In order to create Policy tag and Map RLAN profile to RLAN policy, navigate to Configuration > Tags & Profiles > Tags.
6. Enable the LAN port and apply the Policy TAG on the AP. Navigate to Configuration > Wireless > Access Points and click on the AP.
Apply the setting and the AP re-joins the WLC. Click on the AP, then select Interfaces and enable the LAN port.
Apply the settings and verify the status.
7. Connect a PC in the LAN3 port of the AP. PC will be authenticated via 802.1x and get an IP address from the configured VLAN.
Navigate to Monitoring >Wireless > Clients to check the client status.
vk-9800-1#show wireless client summary Number of Clients: 2 MAC Address AP Name Type ID State Protocol Method Role ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 503e.aab7.0ff4 AP1815 WLAN 3 Run 11n(2.4) None Local b496.9126.dd6c AP1810 RLAN 1Run Ethernet Dot1x Local Number of Excluded Clients: 0
Only local SSID's work, SSID's configured on WLC not being broadcasted: Check if AP has joined the Controller properly.
Not able to access the OEAP GUI: Check if ap has IP address and verify reachability ( firewall, ACL, etc in-network )
Centrally Switched Wireless or wired clients not able to authenticate or get the IP address: Take RA traces, always on traces, etc.
Sample of Always on traces for Wired 802.1x client:
[client-orch-sm] : (note): MAC: <client-mac> Association received. BSSID 00b0.e187.cfc0, old BSSID 0000.0000.0000, WLAN test_rlan, Slot 2 AP 00b0.e187.cfc0, Ap_1810