When WSA is configured in transparent mode using a L4 switch, no configuration is needed on the WSA. The redirection is controlled by the L4 switch (or router).
It is possible to use Policy Based Routing (PBR) to redirect web traffic to the WSA. This is achieved by matching the correct traffic (based on tcp ports) and instructing the router/switch to redirect this traffic to the WSA.
In the following example, WSA's data/proxy interface (either M1 or P1 depending on configuration) is on a dedicated VLAN interface of the multilayer switch/router (Vlan 3) and the Internet router is on a dedicated VLAN interface as well (Vlan4). Clients are on Vlan1 and Vlan2.
Initial Configuration (only relevant parts displayed)
interface Vlan1 desc User VLAN 1 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 ! interface Vlan2 desc User VLAN 2 ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0 ! interface Vlan3 desc Cisco WSA dedicated VLAN ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.252 ! interface Vlan4 desc Internet Router dedicated VLAN ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.252 ! ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.2.2
Given the above example, and Cisco WSA having an IP address of 192.168.1.2, you would add the following commands to set up Policy Based Routing (PBR):
Step 1: Define Web traffic
! Match HTTP traffic access-list 100 permit tcp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 80 access-list 100 permit tcp 10.1.2.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 80 ! Match HTTPS traffic access-list 100 permit tcp 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 443 access-list 100 permit tcp 10.1.2.0 0.0.0.255 any eq 443
Step 2: Define a route map to control where packets are output.
route-map ForwardWeb permit 10 match ip address 100 set ip next-hop 192.168.1.2
Step 3: Apply the route map to the correct interface.
!Note that this should be applied to the source interface (client side) interface Vlan1 ip policy route-map ForwardWeb ! interface Vlan2 ip policy route-map ForwardWeb
Note: This method of traffic redirection (PBR) has some limitations. The main problem with this method is that traffic will always be redirected to the WSA even if the appliance is not reachable (due to network problems for instance). So, there is no fail over option.
To workaround this deficiency, you may configure either of the following:
PBR with tracking options when using Cisco Routers. This feature is used to verify the availability of the next hop before redirecting traffic.