This configuration demonstrates how to connect a VPN Client to a PIX firewall with the use of wildcards and the sysopt connection permit-ipsec and sysopt ipsec pl-compatible commands. This document also covers the nat 0 access-list command.
Note: Encryption technology is subject to export controls. It is your responsibility to know the law related to the export of encryption technology. If you have any questions related to export control, send an E-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
There are no specific requirements for this document.
The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions.
Cisco Secure PIX Software release 5.0.3 with Cisco Secure VPN Client 1.0 (shown as 2.0.7 in the Help > About menu) or Cisco Secure PIX Software release 6.2.1 with Cisco Secure VPN Client 1.1 (shown as 2.1.12 in the Help > About menu).
Internet machines access the web host on the inside with the IP address 22.214.171.124.
The VPN Client accesses all machines on the inside with the use of all ports (10.1.1.0 /24 and 10.2.2.0 /24).
The information presented in this document was created from devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If you work in a live network, ensure that you understand the potential impact of any command before you use it.
For more information on document conventions, refer to the Cisco Technical Tips Conventions.
On the PIX, the access-list and nat 0 commands work together. The nat 0 access-list command is intended to be used instead of the sysopt ipsec pl-compatible command. If you use the nat 0 command with the matching access-list command, you have to know the IP address of the client that makes the VPN connection in order to create the matching access control list (ACL) to bypass the NAT.
Note: The sysopt ipsec pl-compatible command scales better than the nat 0 command with the matching access-list command ir order to bypass Network Address Translation (NAT). The reason is because you do not need to know the IP address of the clients that make the connection. The interchangeable commands are bold in the configuration in this document.
A user with a VPN Client connects and receives an IP address from their Internet service provider (ISP). The user has access to everything on the inside of the firewall. This includes networks. Also, users who do not run the client can connect to the web server with the use of the address provided by the static assignment. Users on the inside can connect to the Internet. It is not necessary for their traffic to go through the IPSec tunnel.
In this section, you are presented with the information to configure the features described in this document.
This document uses the network setup shown in this diagram.
This document uses the configurations shown here.
| PIX Configuration
PIX Version 6.2.1
nameif ethernet0 outside security0
nameif ethernet1 inside security100
enable password 8Ry2YjIyt7RRXU24 encrypted
passwd 2KFQnbNIdI.2KYOU encrypted
fixup protocol ftp 21
fixup protocol http 80
fixup protocol smtp 25
fixup protocol h323 1720
fixup protocol rsh 514
fixup protocol sqlnet 1521
!--- The ACL to bypass the NAT. You have to know the !--- IP address of the Client. In this case, it is !--- subnet 126.96.36.199/24.
access-list 103 permit ip 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.0
pager lines 24
no logging timestamp
no logging standby
logging console debugging
no logging monitor
no logging buffered
no logging trap
logging facility 20
logging queue 512
interface ethernet0 10baset
interface ethernet1 auto
mtu outside 1500
mtu inside 1500
ip address outside 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.0
ip address inside 10.1.1.3 255.255.255.0
failover timeout 0:00:00
failover ip address outside 0.0.0.0
failover ip address inside 0.0.0.0
arp timeout 14400
global (outside) 1 220.127.116.11-192.168.0.15 netmask 255.255.255.0
!--- Binding ACL 103 to the NAT statement in order to !--- avoid NAT on the IPSec packet.
nat (inside) 0 access-list 103
nat (inside) 1 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 0 0
static (inside,outside) 18.104.22.168 10.1.1.50 netmask 255.255.255.255 0 0
conduit permit icmp any any
no rip outside passive
no rip outside default
no rip inside passive
no rip inside default
route outside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 22.214.171.124 1
route inside 10.2.2.0 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.1 1
timeout xlate 3:00:00 conn 1:00:00 half-closed 0:10:00 udp 0:02:00
timeout rpc 0:10:00 h323 0:05:00
timeout uauth 0:05:00 absolute
aaa-server TACACS+ protocol tacacs+
aaa-server RADIUS protocol radius
no snmp-server location
no snmp-server contact
snmp-server community public
no snmp-server enable traps
!--- The sysopt ipsec pl-compatible command !--- avoids conduit on the IPSec encrypted traffic. !--- This command needs to be used if you do not use !--- the nat 0 access-list command.
sysopt ipsec pl-compatible
sysopt connection permit-ipsec
crypto ipsec transform-set myset esp-des esp-md5-hmac
crypto dynamic-map cisco 1 set transform-set myset
crypto map dyn-map 20 ipsec-isakmp dynamic cisco
crypto map dyn-map interface outside
isakmp enable outside
isakmp key cisco123 address 0.0.0.0 netmask 0.0.0.0
isakmp policy 10 authentication pre-share
isakmp policy 10 encryption des
isakmp policy 10 hash md5
isakmp policy 10 group 1
isakmp policy 10 lifetime 1000
telnet timeout 5
terminal width 80
| VPN Client Configuration
Network Security policy:
Connection security: Secure
Remote Party Identity and addressing
ID Type: IP subnet
Port all Protocol all
Connect using secure tunnel
ID Type: IP address
Authentication (Phase 1)
Authentication method: pre-shared key
Encryp Alg: DES
Hash Alg: MD5
SA life: Unspecified
Key Group: DH 1
Key exchange (Phase 2)
Encrypt Alg: DES
Hash Alg: MD5
SA life: Unspecified
2- Other Connections
Connection security: Non-secure
Local Network Interface
IP Addr: Any
Follow these steps to configure the policy for the VPN Client IPSec connection.
On the Remote Party Identity and Addressing tab, define the private network you want to be able to reach with the use of the VPN Client. Next, select Connect using Secure Gateway Tunnel and define the outside IP address of the PIX.
Select My Identity and leave the setting to the default. Next, click the Pre-Shared Key button.
Enter the Pre-shared Key that is configured on the PIX.
Configure the Authentication proposal (Phase 1 policy).
Configure the IPSec proposal (Phase 2 policy).
Note: Do not forget to save the policy when you are finished. Open up a DOS window and ping a known host on the inside network of the PIX in order to initiate the tunnel from the client. You receive an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable message from the first ping as it tries to negotiate the tunnel.
There is currently no verification procedure available for this configuration.
This section provides information you can use to troubleshoot your configuration.
Note: Before you issue debug commands, refer to Important Information on Debug Commands.
In order to see the Client-side debugs, enable the Cisco Secure Log Viewer:
debug crypto ipsec sa - Displays the IPSec negotiations of phase 2.
debug crypto isakmp sa - Displays the ISAKMP negotiations of phase 1.
debug crypto engine - Displays the encrypted sessions.