Cisco Unified Computing System Overview
The Cisco Unified Computing System™ (Cisco UCS®) is a next-generation data center platform that unites computing, networking, storage access, and virtualization resources in a cohesive system designed to reduce total cost of ownership (TCO) and increase business agility. The system integrates a low-latency, lossless 10 or 40 Gigabit Ethernet unified network fabric with enterprise-class blade and rack x86-architecture servers. The system is an integrated, scalable, multichassis platform in which all resources participate in a unified management domain.
The Cisco UCS Virtual Interface Card (VIC) 1385 is a Cisco® innovation. It provides a policy-based, stateless, agile server infrastructure for your data center. This dual-port Enhanced Quad Small Form-Factor Pluggable (QSFP) half-height PCI Express (PCIe) card is designed exclusively for Cisco UCS C-Series Rack Servers. The card supports 40 Gigabit Ethernet and Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE). It incorporates Cisco’s next-generation converged network adapter (CNA) technology and offers a comprehensive feature set, providing investment protection for future feature software releases. The card can present more than 256 PCIe standards-compliant interfaces to the host, and these can be dynamically configured as either network interface cards (NICs) or host bus adapters (HBAs). In addition, the VIC supports Cisco Data Center Virtual Machine Fabric Extender (VM-FEX) technology. This technology extends the Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect ports to virtual machines, simplifying server virtualization deployment.
Figure 1. Cisco UCS VIC 1385
Features and Benefits
The Cisco UCS VIC 1385 provides the following features and benefits:
● Stateless and agile platform: The personality of the card is determined dynamically at boot time using the service profile associated with the server. The number, type (NIC or HBA), identity (MAC address and World Wide Name [WWN]), failover policy, bandwidth, and quality-of-service (QoS) policies of the PCIe interfaces are all determined using the service profile. The capability to define, create, and use interfaces on demand provides a stateless and agile server infrastructure (Figure 2).
Figure 2. Virtual Device Support on the Cisco UCS VIC 1385
● Network interface virtualization: Each PCIe interface created on the VIC is associated with an interface on the Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect, providing complete network separation for each virtual cable between a PCIe device on the VIC and the interface on the Fabric Interconnect (Figure 3).
Figure 3. Cisco UCS VIC 1385 Architecture
Next-Generation Data Center Features
A hardware classification engine provides support for advanced data center requirements including stateless network offloads for NVGRE and VXLAN (VMware only), low-latency features for usNIC and RDMA, and performance optimization applications such as VMQ, DPDK, and Cisco NetFlow. The Cisco UCS VIC 1385 provides high network performance and low latency for the most demanding applications:
● Big data, high-performance computing (HPC), and high-performance trading (HPT)
● Large-scale virtual machine deployments
● High-bandwidth storage targets and archives
When the VIC 1385 is used in combination with Cisco Nexus® 3000 Series Switches, big data and financial trading applications benefit from high bandwidth and low latency. When the VIC is connected to Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Switches, pools of virtual hosts scale with greater speed and agility. The Cisco Nexus 6004 Switch provides native 40-Gbps FCoE connectivity from the VIC to both Ethernet and Fibre Channel targets.
The VIC provides industry-leading performance and features:
● Cisco NetFlow: NetFlow is supported at the adapter level, providing network traffic accounting and monitoring down to the virtual machine level for network billing, security, traffic characterization, and denial-of-service (DoS) attack monitoring. NetFlow provides valuable information about network users and applications, peak use times, and traffic routing.
● Cisco usNIC: usNIC is an ultra-low-latency solution for HPC and HPT applications over Ethernet. The solution includes firmware, kernel driver, user-space driver, and Open Message Passing Interface (MPI) support for Cisco VICs and provides OS bypass services directly to the application layer.
● Cisco Data Center VM-FEX: VM-FEX technology extends Fabric Interconnect ports directly to virtual machines, eliminating software-based switching in the hypervisor. VM-FEX collapses virtual and physical networking infrastructure into a single infrastructure that is fully aware of the virtual machines’ locations and networking policies (Figure 3). VM-FEX is implemented by Cisco VICs with a prestandard implementation of IEEE 802.1BR Port Extender.
Figure 4. Cisco Data Center VM-FEX with Cisco UCS VIC 1385
Cisco Nexus Switch Supporting VM-FEX Virtual Machine Migration with VM-FEX
Table 1 summarizes the main features and benefits of the Cisco UCS VIC 1385.
Table 1. Features and Benefits
x16 PCIe Gen3 interfaces
Delivers greater throughput
2 x 40-Gbps unified I/O
● Delivers 80 Gbps to the server
● Delivers over 100 Gbps In a dual VIC configuration with the Cisco UCS C240 M4 Rack Server
● Helps reduce TCO by consolidating the overall number of NICs, HBAs, cables, and switches because LAN and SAN traffic run over the same adapter card and fabric
Over 256 dynamic virtual adapters and interfaces
● Creates fully functional unique and independent PCIe adapters and interfaces (NICs or HBAs) without requiring single-root I/O virtualization (SR-IOV) support from OSs or hypervisors
● Allows these virtual interfaces and adapters to be configured and operated independently, just like physical interfaces and adapters
● Creates a highly flexible I/O environment needing only one card for all I/O configurations
Note: Cisco UCS VIC 1385 hardware is SR-IOV capable, and you can enable SR-IOV after SR-IOV is broadly supported by the popular operating systems. Please refer to Cisco UCS Manager configuration limits for your specific OS and environment in the configuration guide.
Supports usNIC technology, delivering latency as low as 1.2 microseconds in back-to-back VIC connections; standard latency using the Cisco Nexus 3000 Series Switch is approximately 2 microseconds
Cisco SingleConnect technology
A single unified network: the same network brings LAN, SAN, and management connectivity to each server
Cisco Data Center VM-FEX technology
● Unifies virtual and physical networking in a single infrastructure
● Provides virtual machine visibility from the physical network and a consistent network operating model for physical and virtual servers
● Enables configurations and policies to follow the virtual machine during virtual machine migration
Enables the mezzanine card to be centrally managed and configured by Cisco UCS Manager and Cisco Intersight™
Support for advanced features
● Small Computer System Interface over IP (iSCSI) and iSCSI boot
● Ethernet NIC (eNIC) and Fibre Channel NIC (fNIC)
● VMware VMDirectPath
● Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM)
● Cisco Adapter FEX
● N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV)
● Receive Flow Steering
● Extended Receive (Rx) Ring
● Receive Segment Coalescing (RSC)
● VMware NetQueue
● Receive-Side Scaling
● VXLAN and NVGRE
Supports FCoE Fibre Channel with 10-15 bit error rate (BER) connected to the Cisco Nexus 6004 Switch
Provides a redundant path to the Fabric Interconnect using hardware-based fabric failover
More than 600,000 I/O operations per second (IOPS)
Provides high I/O performance for demanding applications
Support for lossless Ethernet
Uses Priority Flow Control (PFC) to enable FCoE as part of the Cisco Unified Fabric
Broad OS and hypervisor support
Supports customer requirements for Microsoft Windows, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, CentOS and Ubuntu, VMware vSphere, and Citrix XenServer
Table 2 lists the specifications for the Cisco UCS VIC 1385.
Table 2. Product Specifications
● 40 Gigabit Ethernet
● IEEE 802.3ae
● IEEE 802.3x
● IEEE 802.1q VLAN
● IEEE 802.1p
● IEEE 802.1Qaz
● IEEE 802.1Qbb
● Pre-standard IEEE 802.1BR
● Jumbo frames up to 9 KB
● Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP)
● T11 FCoE
Cisco UCS custom application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC)
2 x 40-Gbps FCoE QSFP ports
PCIe 3.0 x 16 form factor
40-Gbps line rate per port, limited by PCIe 2.0 to 64 Gbps total
Cisco UCS Manager Release 2.2 (4) and later (standalone server mode)
Number of interfaces
Over 256 virtual interfaces (approximately 8 are reserved for internal use; other factors such as the OS and hypervisor may limit this number further)
Cisco Nexus switches supporting SFP+ and QSFP+ host interfaces including:
● Cisco Nexus 3016Q Switch
● Cisco Nexus 3064-X Switch
● Cisco Nexus 3064-T Switch
● Cisco Nexus 3132Q Switch
● Cisco Nexus 3172 Switch
● Cisco Nexus 3172TQ Switch
● Cisco Nexus 6001 Switch
● Cisco Nexus 6004 Switch
● Cisco Nexus 9332PQ Switch
● Cisco Nexus 9508 Switch
● Length = 6.6 in. (16.76 cm)
● Width = 2.5 in. (6.35 cm)
● QSFP-40G-SR4, 40GBASE-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver module for MMF, 4 lanes, 850-nm wavelength, 12-fiber MPO/MTP connector
● QSFP-4SFP10G-CU1M, 40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ to 4 x 10GBASE-CU SFP+ direct-attach breakout cable assembly, 1m passive
● QSFP-4SFP10G-CU3M, 40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ to 4 x 10GBASE-CU SFP+ direct-attach breakout cable assembly, 3m passive
● QSFP-H40G-CU1M, direct-attach copper, 1m
● QSFP-H40G-CU3M V02, direct-attach copper, 3m
● QSFP-H40G-CU5M, direct-attach copper, 5m
● QSFP-H40G-ACU7M, 40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ direct-attach copper cable, 7m active
● QSFP-H40G-ACU10M, 40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ direct-attach copper cable, 10m active
● QSFP-4x10G-AC7M, 40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ to 4 x 10GBASE-CU SFP+ direct-attach breakout cable assembly, 7m active
● QSFP-4x10G-AC10M, 40GBASE-CR4 QSFP+ to 4 x 10GBASE-CU SFP+ direct-attach breakout cable assembly, 10m active
● QSFP-H40G-AOC1M, 40-Gbps QSFP active optical cable, 1m
● QSFP-H40G-AOC2M, 40-Gbps QSFP active optical cable, 2m
● QSFP-H40G-AOC3M, 40-Gbps QSFP active optical cable, 3m
● QSFP-H40G-AOC5M, 40-Gbps QSFP active optical cable, 5m
● QSFP-H40G-AOC7M, 40-Gbps QSFP active optical cable, 7m
● QSFP-H40G-AOC10M, 40-Gbps QSFP active optical cable, 10m
● QSFP-4X10G-AOC1M, QSFP to 4 x SFP 10-Gbps active optical cable. 1m
● QSFP-4X10G-AOC2M, QSFP to 4 x SFP 10-Gbps active optical cable, 2m
● QSFP-4X10G-AOC3M, QSFP to 4 x SFP 10-Gbps active optical cable, 3m
● QSFP-4X10G-AOC5M, QSFP to 4 x SFP 10-Gbps active optical cable, 5m
● QSFP-4X10G-AOC7M, QSFP to 4 x SFP 10-Gbps active optical cable, 7m
● QSFP-4X10G-AOC10M, QSFP to 4 x SFP 10-Gbps active optical cable, 10m
● QSFP-40G-SR-BD, 40-Gbps QSFP BiDi optical transceiver
● CVR-QSFP-SFP10G, QSFP to SFP+ adapter (QSA)
17 watts (W)
The Cisco UCS VIC 1385 is designed for use only on Cisco UCS C-Series Rack Servers. A single VIC 1385 is supported on Cisco UCS C220 M4, C240 M4, and C460 M4 Rack Servers. The C240 M4 and C460 M4 can support up to two VIC 1385 cards.
Find warranty information at Cisco.com on the Product Warranties page.
Cisco Unified Computing Services
Using a unified view of data center resources, Cisco and our industry-leading partners deliver services that accelerate your transition to a unified computing architecture. Cisco Unified Computing Services help you quickly deploy your data center resources, simplify ongoing operations, and optimize your infrastructure to better meet your business needs. For more information about these and other Cisco Data Center Services, visit https://www.cisco.com/go/unifiedcomputingservices.
The Cisco Unified Computing System continues Cisco’s long history of innovation in delivering integrated systems for improved business results based on industry standards and using the network as the platform. Recent examples include IP telephony, LAN switching, unified communications, and unified I/O. Cisco began the unified computing phase of our unified data center strategy several years ago by assembling an experienced team from the computing and virtualization industries to augment our own networking and storage access expertise. As a result, Cisco delivered foundational technologies, including the Cisco Nexus Family, supporting unified fabric and server virtualization. Cisco UCS completes this phase, delivering innovation in architecture, technology, partnerships, and services. Cisco is well positioned to deliver this innovation by taking a systems approach to computing that unifies network intelligence and scalability with innovative ASICs, integrated management, and standard computing components.
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For More Information
For more information about Cisco UCS, visit https://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps10265/index.html.