Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide, Release 3.4
Chapter 4, Maintenance

Table Of Contents

Maintenance

4.1 Air Filter Inspection

4.2 Fan-Tray Assembly

4.3 System Reset

4.4 Database Backup and Restoration

4.5 Restore the Node to Factory Configuration

4.6 Card Replacement

4.7 Span Upgrade

4.7.1 Span Upgrade Wizard

4.7.2 Manual Span Upgrades

4.8 Inspect and Clean Fiber Connectors

4.9 Powering Down a Node

4.10 Powering Up a Node


Maintenance


This chapter describes procedures needed to maintain the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH, including:

Air-filter inspection

Fan tray replacement

System software reset and hardware reset (card pull)

Database backup and restoration

Card replacement

Span upgrades

Fiber cleaning

Powering down a node

Powering up a node

Table 4-1 ONS 15454 SDH Maintenance Tasks 

Task
Related Procedures

4.1 Air Filter Inspection

Inspect and Clean Reusable Air Filter

4.2 Fan-Tray Assembly

Replace the Fan-Tray Assembly

4.3 System Reset

Initiate a Software Reset

Reset the TCC-I using a Card Pull

4.4 Database Backup and Restoration

Back Up the Database

Restore the Database

4.5 Restore the Node to Factory Configuration

Use the Reinitialization Tool in Windows

Use the Reinitialization Tool in Unix

4.6 Card Replacement

Replace an In-Service XC10G Card

Replace a TCC-I Card

Reset an STM-N Card

Replace an In-Service STM-N Card in 1+1 Configuration

Reset an Electrical Card (E1-N-14, DS3i-N-12, or E3-12)

Replace an In-Service Electrical Card (E1-N-14, DS3i-N-12, or E3-12)

Replace an FMEC Card

Replace an MIC-A/P Card or MIC-C/T/P Card

4.7 Span Upgrade

Span Upgrade Wizard

Manually Upgrade a Span on a Two-Fiber MS-SPRing

Manually Upgrade a Span on a Four-Fiber MS-SPRing

Manually Upgrade a Span on a 1+1 Group

4.8 Inspect and Clean Fiber Connectors

Inspect a Fiber Connector

Clean and Scope Fiber Connectors, Using Alcohol and Dry Wipes

Clean and Scope Fiber Connectors, Using Cletop

Clean a Fiber Adapter

Clean a Feedthrough Connector

4.9 Powering Down a Node

Power Down a Node

4.10 Powering Up a Node

Power Up a Node


4.1 Air Filter Inspection

The ONS 15454 SDH contains a reusable filter that you should remove and visually inspect approximately every 30 days, depending on the cleanness of the operating environment. For more information about filter brackets and air filter installation, see Chapter 1 in the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

The air filter is made of gray, open-celled, polyurethane foam that is specially coated to provide fire and fungi resistance. Figure 4-1 illustrates a reusable fan tray air filter in an external filter bracket.

If the air filter is inside the fan-tray assembly, go directly to the "Fan-Tray Assembly" procedure to remove the fan tray.

Figure 4-1 Reusable fan tray filter in external filter brackets

Procedure: Inspect and Clean Reusable Air Filter

Purpose

Use this procedure to clean the reusable air filter.

Tools/Equipment

Vacuum cleaner

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Slide the filter out of the external filter brackets. Be careful not to dislodge any dust that could have collected on the filter.

Step 2 Visually inspect the filter for dirt and dust.

Step 3 If the air filter has a concentration of dirt and dust, vacuum the filter or wash the filter under a faucet with a light detergent.


Note If possible, clean the filter outside of the operating environment to avoid releasing dirt and dust near the equipment.


Step 4 If you washed the filter, allow it to air-dry at least 8 hours (or use spare filter).


Caution Do not put a damp filter back in the ONS 15454 SDH.

Step 5 Slide the filter to the back of the brackets.


4.2 Fan-Tray Assembly

To replace the fan-tray assembly (FTA), it is not necessary to move any of the cable management facilities. You can remove the fan-tray assembly using the retractable handles and replace it by pushing until it plugs into the receptacle on the back panel.

Purpose

This procedure replaces an existing FTA with a new FTA.

Tools/Equipment

Replacement FTA

Prerequisite Procedures

Procure necessary part number

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution The 15454E-FTA fan-tray assembly can only be installed in ONS 15454 SDH Release 3.1 and later shelf assemblies (15454E-SA-ETSI, part number 800-08708-XX). It includes a pin that does not allow it to be installed in ONS 15454 SDH shelf assemblies released before ONS 15454 Release 3.1. Equipment damage can result from attempting to install the 15454E-FTA-60V or 15454E-FTA-48V in an incompatible shelf assembly.


Caution Do not force a fan-tray assembly into place. Doing so can damage the connectors on the fan tray and/or the connectors on the back panel of the shelf assembly.


Note The 15454-SA-ETSI shelf assembly is required with the ONS 15454 SDH XC10G, OC-192, and OC-48 any slot (AS) cards.


Procedure: Replace the Fan-Tray Assembly

Purpose

Use this procedure to replace the fan-tray assembly.

Tools/Equipment

Pinned hex key

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Open the front door of the shelf assembly.

a. Open the front door lock.

The ONS 15454 SDH comes with a pinned hex key for locking and unlocking the front door. Turn the key counterclockwise to unlock the door and clockwise to lock it.

b. Press the door button to release the latch.

c. Swing the door open.

Step 2 Remove the front door (optional). If you do not want to remove the door, proceed to Step 3.

a. Detach the ground strap from either the door or the chassis by removing one of the Kepnuts.

b. Place the Kepnut back on the stud after the ground strap is removed to avoid misplacement.

c. Secure the dangling end of the ground strap to the door or chassis with tape.

Step 3 Push the outer side of the handles on the fan-tray assembly to expose the handles.

Step 4 Fold out the retractable handles at the outside edges of the fan tray.

Step 5 Pull the handles and slide the fan-tray assembly one inch out of the shelf assembly and wait until the fans stop.

Step 6 When the fans have stopped, pull the fan-tray assembly completely out of the shelf assembly.


Caution The ONS 15454 SDH system is now without forced-air cooling. The FTA must be placed back in service as quickly as possible to avoid system damage.

Step 7 If you are replacing the fan-tray air filter and it is installed beneath the fan-tray assembly, slide the existing air filter out of the shelf assembly and replace it before replacing the fan-tray assembly.

If you are replacing the fan-tray air filter and it is installed in the external bottom bracket, you can slide the existing air filter out of the bracket and replace it at any time. For more information on the fan-tray air filter, see the "Air Filter Inspection" section.

Step 8 Slide the new fan tray into the shelf assembly until the electrical plug at the rear of the tray plugs into the corresponding receptacle on the backplane.

The fans should start running immediately.

Step 9 To verify that the tray has plugged into the backplane, check that the LCD on the front of the fan tray is activated.

Step 10 If you replace the door, also reattach the ground strap.

Step 11 Close and lock the door.


4.3 System Reset

You can reset the ONS 15454 SDH TCC-I cards by using the Cisco Transport Controller (CTC) software or by physically resetting a TCC-I card (card pull). A software-initiated reset reboots the TCC-I card and reloads the operating system and the application software. If a card pull is performed, it carries out these tasks and temporarily powers down the TCC-I card, clearing all buffer memory.

You can initiate a software reset for an active TCC-I card or a standby TCC-I card without affecting traffic. But a card pull should only be performed on a standby TCC-I. If you need to pull an active TCC-I card, first you should initiate a software reset on a card to put it into standby mode.

Procedure: Initiate a Software Reset

Purpose

Use the CTC software to reset the ONS 15454 SDH.

Tools/Equipment

Workstation configured for CTC software

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Log into the CTC software.

Step 2 At the node (default login) view, right-click the TCC-I card to reveal a shortcut menu.

Step 3 Click Reset Card. (See Figure 4-2).

Figure 4-2 Resetting from the TCC-I card pull-down menu

Step 4 Click Yes in the dialog box when the "Are You Sure?" prompt appears.

Step 5 Click OK in the dialog box when the "Lost connection to node, changing to Network View" prompt appears.

Step 6 Confirm that the TCC-I card is in standby mode after the reset.

If you are looking at the physical ONS 15454 SDH, the ACT/STBY LED is steadily lit amber.

If you are looking at the CTC Node view of the ONS 15454 SDH, a yellow LED depiction with "Sby" has replaced the white "LDG" depiction on the card in CTC.


Procedure: Reset the TCC-I using a Card Pull

Purpose

Reset TCC-I card physically by removing and reseating card

Tools/Equipment

Workstation configured for CTC software

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Caution During the reboot period, there is no TCC-I redundancy.


Note To determine whether the TCC-I card is in active mode or standby mode, view it in the CTC software and position the cursor over the TCC-I card graphic to display the status.



Step 1 If you need to perform a card pull on an active TCC-I card, initiate a software reset on the active TCC-I card first. (See the "Initiate a Software Reset" procedure.)

Step 2 When the TCC-I is in standby mode, unlatch the top and bottom ejector levers on the TCC-I card.

Step 3 Pull the card outward from the slot until the lighted LEDs turn off.

Step 4 Wait 30 seconds. Reinsert the card and close the ejector levers.


Note The TCC-I card takes several minutes to reboot and display the amber standby LED after rebooting.



Note During bootup of the reinserted TCC-I card, the FMEC cards in the system will not be visible in the CTC software. They will be visible in the software again after the TCC-I card has finished booting.



Note When a second TCC-I card is inserted into the shelf, it will synchronize its software, its backup software, and its database with the active TCC-I. If its software version does not match the version on the active TCC-I, the newly inserted TCC-I will copy from the active TCC-I. This copying will take about 15 to 20 minutes. If its backup software version does not match the version on the active TCC-I, the newly inserted TCC-I will copy the backup software from the active TCC-I. This copying, again, will take about 15 to 20 minutes. Copying the database from the active TCC-I will take about 3 minutes. So, depending on the software existing in the new TCC-I, booting it up will take between 3 and about 40 minutes.



4.4 Database Backup and Restoration

When dual TCC-I cards are installed in the ONS 15454 SDH, each TCC-I card hosts a separate copy of the database. If the working TCC-I card database fails, the protect card database is available. You can store a backup version of the database on a CTC software workstation. This off-system storage should be part of regular ONS 15454 SDH maintenance at approximately weekly intervals. It should also be performed to prepare an ONS 15454 SDH for disasters.


Note E100T-G cards lose traffic for approximately 30 seconds when an ONS 15454 SDH database is restored. The CARLOSS alarm appears and clears during this process. The traffic outage happens during the spanning-tree reconvergence.



Note If you are restoring the database on multiple nodes, wait five minutes between each database restoration.



Note The following parameters are not backed up and restored: node name, IP address, mask and gateway, and IIOP port. If you change the node name and then restore a backed-up database with different node names, the circuits will map to the new node name. Cisco recommends keeping a record of the old and new node names.


Procedure: Back Up the Database

Purpose

This procedure backs up an ONS 15454 SDH database.

Tools/Equipment

Workstation configured for CTC software

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Note It is advisable to perform a backup when a node is first installed, so that the node can be restored to factory configuration if necessary. For that procedure, see the "Restore the Node to Factory Configuration" section.



Step 1 Log into the CTC software.

Step 2 Click the Maintenance > Database tabs ( Figure 4-3).

Figure 4-3 Backing up the TCC-I card database

Step 3 Click Backup.

Step 4 Navigate to a workstation hard drive or network storage location.

Step 5 Enter a file name in the File Name field. It is recommended to use the file extension .db.

Step 6 Click Save and wait while database is backed up.

Step 7 Click OK to confirm successful completion of the database backup ( Figure 4-4).

Figure 4-4 Confirming a database backup is complete


Procedure: Restore the Database

Purpose

Restoring the data base of a node

Tools/Equipment

Workstation configured for CTC software

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Log into the CTC software.

Step 2 Click the Maintenance > Database tabs.

Step 3 Click Restore ( Figure 4-3).

Step 4 Locate the database file stored on the workstation hard drive or in the network storage area.

Step 5 Click the database file to highlight it.

The file probably has a .db extension.

Step 6 Click Open. The DB Restore dialog box ( Figure 4-5) appears.


Caution Traffic will be affected when you restore a local database from another node.

Figure 4-5 Restoring the database—Traffic loss warning

Step 7 Click Yes. The Restore Database dialog box ( Figure 4-6) monitors the file transfer.

Figure 4-6 Restoring the database—In-process notification

Step 8 Wait for the selected file to be completely transferred to the TCC-I card.


Note The node will reboot after the files are transferred to the TCC-I.


Step 9 Click OK in the dialog box when the "Lost connection to node, changing to Network View" prompt appears. Wait for the node to reconnect.


Note Any provisioning that took place after the database backup will have to be reconstructed.



4.5 Restore the Node to Factory Configuration

Purpose

Use this procedure to initiate a process that will automatically load and activate a software package and restore the database from a database backup file that was obtained at the time of installation. This process is performed with the RE-INIT.jar utility, also called the reinitialization (reinit) tool.

Tools/Equipment

CD containing the software, the node's NE defaults, and the reinitialization tool. JRE 1.3.1_02 must also be installed on the computer you will use to perform this procedure.

Prerequisite Procedures

Back Up the Database and the backup file which was obtained at installation

Onsite/Remote

Onsite (if you are replacing a TCC-I card) or remote



Caution If you are restoring the database on multiple nodes, wait until the TCC-I cards have rebooted on each node before proceeding to the next node.


Caution Cisco strongly recommends that you keep different node databases in separate folders. This is because the reinitialization tool will choose the first product-specific software package in the specified directory if you only use the Search Path field. You may accidentally copy an incorrect database if multiple databases are kept in the specified directory.


Note If the software package files and database backup files are located in different directories, complete the Package and Database fields ( Figure 4-7).



Note The following parameters are not backed up and restored: node name, IP address, mask and gateway, and IIOP port. If you change the node name and then restore a backed up database with a different node name, the circuits will map to the new renamed node. Cisco recommends keeping a record of the old and new node names.



Step 1 If you need to install or replace one or more TCC-I cards, see the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide or the "Procedure:Replace a TCC-I Card" task.

Step 2 If you are using Microsoft Windows, complete the "Procedure:Use the Reinitialization Tool in Windows" task.

Step 3 If you are using UNIX, complete the "Procedure:Use the Reinitialization Tool in Unix" task.

You can use the reinitialization tool to upload the software package, restore the node's database, or both by checking the appropriate fields shown below in Figure 4-7. The default setting for this tool is shown with both upload package (software) and restore database selected.


Procedure: Use the Reinitialization Tool in Windows

Purpose

This procedure describes how to use the reinitialization tool in Windows. Use this tool to upload the software package and/or restore the database after it has been backed up.

Tools/Equipment

CD containing the desired software version and the reinitialization tool

Prerequisite Procedures

Back Up the Database

Onsite/Remote

Onsite or remote



Note The TCC-I cards will reboot several times during this procedure. Wait until they are completely rebooted before continuing.



Step 1 Insert the system software CD containing the reinitialization tool ( Figure 4-7) into the local craft interface PC drive. If the CTC Installation Wizard opens, click Cancel.

Step 2 To find the recovery tool file, go to Start > Run > Browse and select the CD drive.

Step 3 On the CD drive, go to CISCO15454 folder and double-click the RE-INIT.jar file to open the reinitialization tool ( Figure 4-7).

Step 4 Depending on what file(s) you wish to restore, perform the following:

To upload the software package and the database from the same directory, go to Step 5.

To restore the database, go to Step 6.

To upload the software, go to Step 7.

Figure 4-7 Reinitialization tool in Windows

Step 5 To automatically upload both the software package and the database from the same directory, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an external network element (ENE) in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the gateway network element (GNE) in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-7).

c. Verify that the Re-Init Database, Upload Package, and Confirm checkboxes are checked.

d. In the Search Path field, direct this tool to the directory where the backed up database and software package are located by typing the entire path, or use the Browse button to browse for the file. If the software package and database you want to upload is in the same directory as the RE-INIT.jar file you opened, the Search Path field already contains the correct path to the files.


Caution Cisco strongly recommends that you keep different node databases in separate folders. This is because the reinitialization tool will choose the first product-specific software package in the specified directory if you use the Search Path field instead of the Package and Database fields. You may accidentally copy an incorrect database if multiple databases are kept in the specified directory.

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific software package files and database that is backed up in the specified location.


Caution Before you perform the next step, be sure you are uploading the correct database. You cannot reverse the upload process after you click Yes.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes to upload the database you specified. You should be sure you are uploading the correct database before you proceed.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the software upload and database restore processes are completed.

h. Verify that the NE default settings in CTC match the settings found on the CD.

Figure 4-8 Confirm NE Restoration

Step 6 To restore only the database using the reinitialization tool, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an ENE in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the GNE in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-7).

c. Verify that the Re-Init Database and Confirm checkboxes are checked and Upload Package is unchecked.

d. In the Database field, direct this tool to the directory where the backed up database files and software package are located by typing the entire path, or use the Browse button to browse for the file. (The network element defaults are also contained in the database.)

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific database file that is backed up in the specified location.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the restore database process is complete.

Step 7 To upload only the software package using the reinitialization tool, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an ENE in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the GNE in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-7).

c. Verify that the Upload Package and Confirm checkboxes are checked and Re-Init Database is unchecked.

d. Direct this tool to the location where the latest software package files are located by typing the entire path in the Package field.

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific software package files in the specified location.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the software upload process is complete.

Step 8 Manually set the node name and network configuration to site-specific values. See the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide for procedures to set the name, date, time, and contact information as well as the node name, IP address, mask and gateway, and IIOP port.


Procedure: Use the Reinitialization Tool in Unix

Purpose

This procedure describes how to use the reinitialization tool in a UNIX environment. Use this tool to upload the software package and/or restore the database after it has been backed up.

Tools/Equipment

CD containing the desired software version and the reinitialization tool

Prerequisite Procedures

Back Up the Database

Onsite/Remote

Onsite or remote



Note The TCC+ cards will reboot several times during this procedure. Wait until they are completely rebooted before continuing.



Step 1 Insert the system software CD containing the software package and the reinitialization tool ( Figure 4-9) into the UNIX workstation. If the CTC Installation Wizard opens, click Cancel.

Step 2 To find the recovery tool file, go to the CISCO15454 directory on the CD (usually /cdrom/cdrom0/CISCO15454).

Step 3 If you are using a file explorer, double click the RE-INIT.jar file to open the reinitialization tool ( Figure 4-9). If you are working with a command line interface, run java -jar RE-INIT.jar.

Figure 4-9 The reinitialization tool in UNIX

Step 4 Depending on what file(s) you wish to restore, perform the following:

To upload the software package and the database from the same directory, go to Step 5.

To restore the database, go to Step 6.

To upload the software, go to Step 7.

Step 5 To upload both the software package and the database from the same directory, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an ENE in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the GNE in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-9).

c. Verify that the Re-Init Database, Upload Package, and Confirm checkboxes are checked.

d. In the Search Path field, direct this tool to the directory where the backed up database file and software package are located by typing the entire path, or use the Browse button to browse for the file. If the software package and database you want to upload is in the same directory as the RE-INIT.jar file you opened, the Search Path field already contains the correct path to the files.


Caution Cisco strongly recommends that you keep different node databases in separate folders. This is because the reinitialization tool will choose the first product-specific software package in the specified directory if you use the Search Path field instead of the Package and Database fields. You may accidentally copy an incorrect database if multiple databases are kept in the specified directory.

If you upload the NE defaults database instead of a backed-up database, you will eliminate any existing provisioning on the node (including circuits and timing).

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific software package files and database that is backed up in the specified location.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the process has completed.

h. Verify that the NE default settings in CTC match the settings found on the CD.

Step 6 To restore only the database s using the reinitialization tool, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an ENE in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the GNE in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-9).

c. Verify that the Restore Database and Confirm checkboxes are checked.

d. Direct this tool to the directory where the backed up database files are located by typing the entire path in the Database field.

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific database file that is backed up in the specified location.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the Upload Package process is complete.

Step 7 To restore only the database using the reinitialization tool, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an ENE in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the GNE in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-9).

c. Verify that the Re-Init Database and Confirm checkboxes are checked and Upload Package is unchecked.

d. In the Database field, direct this tool to the directory where the backed-up database files and software package are located by typing the entire path, or use the Browse button to browse for the file.

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific database file that is backed up in the specified location.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the restore database process is complete.

Step 8 To upload only the software package using the reinitialization tool, perform the following steps:

a. If the node you are reinitializing is an ENE in a proxy server network, enter the IP address of the GNE in the GNE IP field. If not, leave it blank.

b. Enter the node name or IP address of the node you are reinitializing in the Node IP field ( Figure 4-9).

c. Verify that the Upload Package and Confirm checkboxes are checked and Re-Init Database is unchecked.

d. Direct this tool to the location where the latest software package files are located by typing the entire path in the Package field.

e. Click Go. The reinitialization tool then looks for the appropriate product-specific software package files in the specified location.

f. A confirmation dialog box opens ( Figure 4-8). Click Yes.

g. The status bar at the bottom of the screen will display Complete when the Upload Package process is complete.

Step 9 Manually set the node name and network configuration to site-specific values. See the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide for procedures to set the name, date, time, and contact information as well as the node name, IP address, mask and gateway, and IIOP port.


4.6 Card Replacement

Cards can be replaced with the same type of card or with a different type.

To replace an ONS 15454 SDH card with another card of the same type, you do not need to change the database. Pull the old card and replace it with a new one.

To replace a card with a different type of card, pull the card and replace it with a new one. Then delete the original card in the CTC software.


Note An improper removal (IMPROPRMVL) alarm occurs whenever a card pull is performed unless the card is deleted in the CTC software first. The alarm will clear after the card replacement is complete.



Caution Always use an ESD wristband when working with an ONS 15454 SDH. Plug the wristband cable into the ESD jack located on the mid-right outside of the shelf assembly.


Note Traffic can be interrupted when you pull an active card from the ONS 15454 SDH. Use caution when replacing cards and verify that only inactive or standby cards are being replaced. If an active card needs to be replaced, switch it to standby mode as shown in the "Replace an In-Service XC10G Card" section, the "Replace an In-Service STM-N Card in 1+1 Configuration" section, or the "Replace an In-Service Electrical Card (E1-N-14, DS3i-N-12, or E3-12)" section, before pulling the card from the node.


Procedure: Replace an In-Service XC10G Card

Purpose

Replacing an in-service XC10G card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Note Resetting an XC10G card can cause a linear 1+1 STM-N protection switch or an MS-SPRing protection switch.



Note Traffic can be interrupted when you pull an active card from the ONS 15454 SDH. Use caution when replacing cards and verify that only inactive or standby cards are being replaced. If an active card needs to be replaced, follow the procedure to switch the XC10G card to standby mode before you pull the card from the node.



Step 1 Take these precautions before initiating an XC10G card reset to avoid causing a linear 1+1 or MS-SPRing protection switch.

a. Ensure that the working span is active on the local and remote nodes.

b. Ensure that the working span is carrying error-free traffic without SD alarms or SF alarms.

c. Place a lockout on the protection span before initiating an XC10G reset. (For information about placing lockouts, refer to the ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.) In an MS-SPRing, place a lockout on the East and West node cards adjacent to the XC10G switch node. For example, if you are switching the XC10G on Node B, place a lockout on the Node A West card and on the Node C East card. You do not need to place lockouts on Node B.

<------East [Node A] West------East [Node B] West------East [Node C] West------>

Before setting the lockout, verify that the MS-SPRing is not switched. Traffic can be lost if the MS-SPRing is switched when the lockout is set. In a 1+1 protection scheme, place a lockout on the protect card and verify that traffic is traveling over the working span before setting the lockout.

Step 2 Determine which XC10G card is active. The active card ACT/STBY LED is green. The standby card ACT/STBY LED is yellow.


Note You can determine whether the XC10G card is in active mode or standby mode by viewing it in the CTC software and positioning the cursor over the XC10G card graphic to display the status.


If the card to be replaced is already standby, go to Step 4.

Step 3 Switch the active XC10G card to standby.

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > XC Cards tabs.

b. In the Cross Connect Cards area, click Switch.

c. Click Yes on the Confirm Switch dialog box.


Note After the active XC10G goes into standby mode, the original standby slot becomes active. This causes the former standby card ACT/STBY LED to become green.


Step 4 Pull the standby XC10G card from the ONS 15454 SDH.

Step 5 Insert the replacement XC10G card into the empty slot. The replacement card boots up and becomes ready for service after approximately one minute.

Step 6 Release the protection lockouts.


Procedure: Replace a TCC-I Card

Purpose

Replacing a TCC-I card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Step 1 Prepare according to the "Reset the TCC-I using a Card Pull" procedure.

Step 2 Pull the TCC-I card to be replaced from the ONS 15454 SDH.

Step 3 Insert the replacement TCC-I card into the empty slot. The replacement card boots up and becomes ready for service after about three to forty minutes.


Note When a second TCC-I card is inserted into the shelf, it will synchronize its software, its backup software, and its database with the active TCC-I. If its software version does not match the version on the active TCC-I, the newly inserted TCC-I will copy from the active TCC-I. This copying will take about 15 to 20 minutes. If its backup software version does not match the version on the active TCC-I, the newly inserted TCC-I will copy the backup software from the active TCC-I. This copying, again, will take about 15 to 20 minutes. Copying the database from the active TCC-I will take about 3 minutes. So, depending on the software existing in the newly inserted TCC-I, booting it up will take between 3 and about 40 minutes.



Procedure: Reset an STM-N Card

Purpose

Resetting an STM-N card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Note An STM-N reset can cause a linear 1+1 STM-N protection switch or an MS-SPRing protection switch.



Note For optical cars in 1+1 configurations, there will be an active card and a standby card. For SNCP and MS-SPRing configurations, both STM-N cards will be active. Traffic will be interrupted on SNCPs and MS-SPRings if you reset a traffic-bearing card with protection switching disabled.



Note The STM-N card should be replaced if a red FAIL LED appears.



Warning Class I (21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11) and Class 1M (IEC 60825-1 2001-01) laser products.



Warning Invisible laser radiation may be emitted from the end of the unterminated fiber cable or connector. Do not stare into the beam or view directly with optical instruments. Viewing the laser output with certain optical instruments (for example, eye loupes, magnifiers, and microscopes) within a distance of 100 mm may pose an eye hazard. Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified may result in hazardous radiation exposure.



Step 1 If the card to be reset is a standby card, right-click the card and choose Reset Card from the shortcut menu.

If the card is not standby, go to Step 2.

Step 2 To avoid causing a linear 1+1 or MS-SPRing protection switch, ensure that the working span is active on the local and remote nodes.

Step 3 Ensure that the working span is carrying error-free traffic without FAIL alarms or SF alarms.

Step 4 Perform a lockout on the protection span in the CTC software before initiating an STM-N card reset. In an MS-SPRing, place a lockout on the East and West node cards adjacent to the XC10-G switch node. For example, if you are switching the XC10-G on Node B, place a lockout on the Node A West card and on the Node C East card.

<------East [Node A] West------East [Node B] West------East [Node C] West------>

You do not need to place lockouts on Node B. Before setting the lockout, verify that the MS-SPRing is not switched. Traffic can be lost if the MS-SPRing is switched when the lockout is set. In a 1+1 protection scheme, place a lockout on the protect card and verify that traffic is traveling over the working span before setting the lockout.


Procedure: Replace an In-Service STM-N Card in 1+1 Configuration

Purpose

Replacing an in-service STM-N card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Step 1 In the CTC software, determine which STM-N card is active.

A green LED indicates an active card. A yellow LED indicates a standby card.


Note You can determine whether the card is in active mode or standby mode by viewing it in the CTC software and positioning the cursor over the card graphic to display the status.


Step 2 Switch the active STM-N card to standby.

a. In the node view, right-click the STM-N card.

b. Select Reset Card from the shortcut menu.

c. Click Yes in the Confirm Switch dialog box.


Note After the working STM-N card goes into protection, the protection slot becomes working. This causes the former working card ACT LED to switch off.


Step 3 Pull the standby STM-N card from the ONS 15454 SDH.

Step 4 Insert the replacement STM-N card into the empty slot. The replacement card boots up and becomes ready for service after approximately one minute. After this procedure, the card is ready for protection function.


Procedure: Reset an Electrical Card (E1-N-14, DS3i-N-12, or E3-12)

Purpose

Resetting an electrical card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Note An electrical card reset can cause a 1:1 or 1:N protection switch.



Note Traffic can be interrupted if you pull an active card from the ONS 15454 SDH. Use caution when replacing cards and verify that only inactive or standby cards are being replaced. If an active card needs to be replaced, follow the procedure to switch the electrical card to standby mode before you pull the card from the node.



Note The cards should be replaced when the red FAIL LED appears.


Take these precautions before performing an electrical card reset to avoid causing a 1:1 or 1:N protection switch.


Step 1 If the card to be reset is a standby card, right-click the card and choose Reset Card from the shortcut menu.

If the card is not standby, go to Step 2.Ensure that the working span is active on the local and remote nodes.

Step 2 Ensure that the working span is carrying error-free traffic without FAIL or SF alarms.

Step 3 Place a lockout on the protection span before initiating an electrical card reset. In an MS-SPRing, place a lockout on the East and West cards of the nodes adjacent to the electrical card switch node; for example, to switch the electrical card on Node B, place the lockout on the West card of Node A and on the East card of Node C. No lockout is necessary on Node B.

<------East [Node A] West------East [Node B] West------East [Node C] West------>

Before the lockout is set, verify that the MS-SPRing is not switched. Traffic can be lost if a lockout is set when the MS-SPRing is switched.In a 1:1 protection scheme, place a lockout on the protect card and verify that traffic is traveling over the working span before setting the lockout.


Procedure: Replace an In-Service Electrical Card (E1-N-14, DS3i-N-12, or E3-12)

Purpose

Replacing an in-service electrical card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Step 1 Determine which electrical card is active.

The active card ACT/STBY LED is green. The standby card ACT/STBY LED is yellow.


Note You can determine whether the card is in active mode or standby mode by viewing it in the CTC software and positioning the cursor over the card graphic to display the status.


Step 2 Switch the active card to standby.

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > Protection tabs.

b. Under Protection Groups, click the protection group containing the card to be replaced.

c. Under Selected Group, click the Working/Active card and click Switch.

d. Click Yes in the Confirm Switch dialog box.


Note A minor alarm appears on the manually switched slot. After the active electrical card goes into standby, the original standby slot becomes active. This causes the former standby card ACT/STBY LED to become green.


Step 3 Pull the standby card from the ONS 15454 SDH.

Step 4 Insert the replacement card into the empty slot. The replacement card boots up and becomes ready for service after approximately one minute. Release the protection switch:

a. Click the Maintenance > Protection tabs.

b. Under Protection Groups, click the group containing the card to be released.

c. Under Selected Group, click the Protect/Active card.

d. Click Clear.


Procedure: Replace an FMEC Card

Purpose

Replacing an FMEC card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Note Traffic will be interrupted if active FMEC (E1, E3/DS3, DS1/E1) cards are removed from the ONS 15454 SDH.



Step 1 Disconnect all the cables with 1.0/2.3 miniature coax connectors from the damaged FMEC card.


Note To disconnect the cable from the FMEC, pull the ring of the connector using the coaxial removal tool.


Step 2 Pull the damaged FMEC card from the shelf assembly.

Step 3 Insert the replacement FMEC card into the empty slot.

Step 4 Reposition the cables. Gently push the cable connector down until the cable connector slides into the FMEC connector with a click.

The replacement card is now ready for traffic. The traffic starts automatically.


Procedure: Replace an MIC-A/P Card or MIC-C/T/P Card

Purpose

Replacing an MIC-A/P or MIC-C/T/P card

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Caution Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.


Note Pulling an active MIC-A/P card or MIC-C/T/P card from the ONS 15454 SDH causes alarms. Traffic is affected if an active MIC-A/P card or an active MIC-C/T/P card is replaced while there is no redundant power supply.



Step 1 Disconnect the cable from the damaged MIC-A/P card or MIC-C/T/P card.


Note To disconnect the cable from the FMEC, pull the ring of the connector using the coaxial removal tool.


Step 2 Pull the damaged MIC-A/P card or MIC-C/T/P card from the shelf assembly.

Step 3 Insert the replacement MIC-A/P card or MIC-C/T/P card into the empty slot.

Step 4 Gently push the cable with the 1.0/2.3 miniature coax connector down until the cable connector slides into the 1.0/2.3 miniature coax connector with a click.

Step 5 Gently push the other cable connector down until the cable connector slides into the 1.0/2.3 miniature coax connector. The replacement card is ready for operation.


Note For proper system operation, both the MIC-A/P card and the MIC-C/T/P card must be installed in the shelf.



4.7 Span Upgrade

A span includes the set of optical fiber ("lines") between two ONS 15454 SDH nodes. A span upgrade raises the STM-N signal transmission rate of all the lines constituting the spans. It is done by coordinated line upgrades that move traffic from lower-rate optical card(s) to higher-rate optical card(s). No other span attributes are changed.

Only single-port cards can be upgraded. You can upgrade the following ONS 15454 SDH cards in an in-service span:

STM-4 to STM-16

STM-4 to STM-64

STM-16 to STM-64

When a span is upgraded, the higher-rate line card must replace the lower-rate card in the same slot. If the spans to be upgraded are part of a ring topology, all spans in the ring must be upgraded. The protect configuration (two-fiber MS-SPRing, four-fiber MS-SPRing, or 1+1) that was used with lower-rate optical card is retained in the higher-rate upgrade.

Span upgrades can be performed using the CTC software upgrade wizard, or they can be performed manually. To use the wizard, follow the procedure in the "Span Upgrade Wizard" section. To upgrade a span manually, follow the procedures in the "Manual Span Upgrades" section.


Note Span upgrades do not change SDH topologies. For example, a 1+1 scheme is not upgraded to a two-fiber MS-SPRing during a span upgrade. See the SDH Topologies chapter in the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide for topology upgrade procedures.


4.7.1 Span Upgrade Wizard

The Span Upgrade Wizard automates all steps in the manual span upgrade procedure (MS-SPRing and 1+1). The Wizard can upgrade both lines on one side of a four-fiber MS-SPRing or both lines of a 1+1 group. The Wizard upgrades MSPs and two-fiber MS-SPRings one line at a time. The Span Upgrade Wizard requires that spans have DCC enabled.


Note The CTC software Span Upgrade Wizard only supports STM-N span upgrades. It does not support electrical card upgrades.



Note During the span upgrade, minor alarms and conditions will occur and clear automatically. However, no service-affecting alarms (SA, Major, or Critical) should be expected. If any service-affecting alarms occur, Cisco recommends backing out of the procedure.


Procedure: Span Upgrade Wizard

Purpose

Upgrading a span

Tools/Equipment

STM cards that support the new line rate

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Note If an abnormal error occurs while you are using the Span Upgrade Wizard, you must exit the wizard and initiate the manual procedure to finish the upgrade, or you must back out of the procedure. If you continue the upgrade manually, examine the standing conditions and alarms to identify the stage where the wizard failure occurred.



Note If you are upgrading a 1+1 group, upgrade the protect line first, regardless of which line is active.



Note You cannot downgrade if circuits exist on the STM-Ns that would be removed (i.e., the higher STM-Ns).



Step 1 Ensure no alarms or conditions are present on the span to be upgraded. An unresolved alarm or condition will likely cause the wizard to fail.

Step 2 In the network view, right-click the span to be upgraded.

Step 3 Choose Span Upgrade from the shortcut menu ( Figure 4-10).


Note If the Span Upgrade option does not appear when you right-click the span, it cannot be upgraded.


Figure 4-10 Span upgrade on shortcut menu

A Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 1 of the wizard ( Figure 4-11).

Figure 4-11 Beginning the Span Upgrade wizard

Step 4 Select the upgrade card from the pull-down menu and click Next. A Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 2 of the wizard ( Figure 4-12).

Figure 4-12 Sending a force switch command

Step 5 Click Next to send a force switch command, forcing the traffic onto the working lines. Or, click Back to return to the previous dialog box. A Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 3 of the wizard ( Figure 4-13).


Note This is the only step in the Span Upgrade Wizard that has the Back button enabled.


Figure 4-13 Waiting for a force switch command to take effect

Step 6 Wait 5 to 10 seconds for the command to take effect and click Next. An error dialog box appears if more time is needed. A Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 4 of the wizard ( Figure 4-14).

Figure 4-14 Removing the STM-N cards from the protect slots

Step 7 Remove the fiber from the lower-rate card and ensure that traffic is still running.

Step 8 Remove the lower-rate STM-N cards from the protect slots and click Next. A Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 5 of the wizard ( Figure 4-15).

Figure 4-15 Inserting the STM-N cards into the protect slots

Step 9 Install the higher-rate STM-N cards into the protect slots.

Step 10 Install the fiber and click Next. The Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 6 of the wizard ( Figure 4-16).

Figure 4-16 Sending a force switch command

Step 11 Click Next to send a force switch command, forcing traffic to the protect lines. The Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 7 of the wizard ( Figure 4-17).

Figure 4-17 Waiting for the force switch command to take effect

Step 12 Wait 5 to 10 seconds for the command to take effect and click Next. An error dialog box appears if more time is needed. The Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 8 of the wizard ( Figure 4-18).

Figure 4-18 Removing the STM-N cards from the working slots

Step 13 Remove the fiber and ensure that traffic is still running.

Step 14 Remove the lower-rate STM-N cards from the working slots and click Next>. The Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 9 of the wizard ( Figure 4-19).

Figure 4-19 Inserting the STM-N cards into the working slots

Step 15 Insert the higher-rate STM-N cards in the working slots.

Step 16 Install the fiber and click Next. The Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 10 of the wizard ( Figure 4-20).

Figure 4-20 Sending a clear command

Step 17 Click Next to send a clear command. The Span Upgrade Dialog box appears showing Step 11 of the wizard ( Figure 4-21).

Figure 4-21 Completing the Span Upgrade wizard

Step 18 Click Finish.


4.7.2 Manual Span Upgrades

The manual upgrade procedures require at least two technicians (one at each end of the span). The technicians must be able to communicate with each other during the upgrade. The upgrade procedures do not affect service. They cause no more than three switches with switch times of less than 50 ms.

During upgrade, some minor alarms and conditions occur and clear automatically. However, no service-affecting alarms (SA, Major, or Critical) should be expected. If any service-affecting alarms occur, Cisco recommends backing out of the procedure. Choose from four manual span upgrade options.

Manually Upgrade a Span on a Two-Fiber MS-SPRing

Manually Upgrade a Span on a Four-Fiber MS-SPRing

Manually Upgrade a Span on a 1+1 Group

Manually Upgrade a Span on a 1+1 Group

Procedure: Manually Upgrade a Span on a Two-Fiber MS-SPRing

Purpose

This procedure manually upgrades a span on a two-fiber MS-SPRing.

Tools/Equipment

STM cards that support the new line rate

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Note All lines connecting the nodes in an MS-SPRing must be upgraded before the added bandwidth is available.



Step 1 In the node view of the CTC software, click the Conditions tab.

Step 2 Click Retrieve Conditions. Ensure no abnormal conditions are present on the span to be upgraded.

Step 3 Click the Alarms tab.

Step 4 Ensure no alarms are present on the span to be upgraded.

Step 5 Apply a forced switch on the span that you will upgrade.

a. In node view, click the Maintenance > MS-SPRing tabs.

b. Click either the West Switch or the East Switch field and choose FORCE RING from the pull-down menu.

c. Click Apply.

Step 6 Remove the fiber from both ends and ensure that traffic is still running.

Step 7 Pull the STM-N cards from both nodes.

Step 8 In node view of the CTC software, right-click each STM-N card slot and choose Change Card from the shortcut menu.

Step 9 In the Change Card dialog box, select the STM-N card type from the list box.

Step 10 Click OK.

Step 11 Insert the STM-N cards in both nodes.

Step 12 Install the fiber in both nodes.

Step 13 Wait for the IMPROPRMVL alarm to clear and for the cards to become active.

Step 14 If cards on each side of the line have been successfully upgraded, remove the forced switch.

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > MS-SPRing tabs.

b. Click either the West Switch or the East Switch field and choose CLEAR from the pull-down menu.

c. Click Apply.

Step 15 Repeat Steps 1 to 14 for each span in the MS-SPRing.


Procedure: Manually Upgrade a Span on a Four-Fiber MS-SPRing

Purpose

Manually upgrading a span on a four-fiber MS-SPRing

Tools/Equipment

STM cards that support the new line rate

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite


When upgrading a four-fiber MS-SPRing, you can upgrade both working and protect lines with a single force switch.


Note All lines in an MS-SPRing must be upgraded before added bandwidth will be available.



Step 1 In the node view of the CTC software, click the Conditions tab.

Step 2 Click Retrieve Conditions. Ensure no abnormal conditions are present on the span to be upgraded.

Step 3 Click the Alarms tab.

Step 4 Ensure no alarms are present on the span to be upgraded.

Step 5 Apply a forced switch on the ports that you will upgrade.

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > MS-SPRing tabs.

b. Click either the West Switch or the East Switch column and choose FORCE RING from the pull-down menu.

c. Click Apply.

Step 6 Remove the fiber from both ends of both spans and ensure that traffic is still running.

Step 7 Pull the four STM-N cards (two from each node).

Step 8 In the node view, right-click each STM-N card slot and choose Change Card from the shortcut menu.

Step 9 In the Change Card dialog box, select the STM-N card type from the list box.

Step 10 Click OK.

Step 11 Insert the four STM-N cards in both nodes (two in each).

Step 12 Install the fiber at both ends.

Step 13 Wait for the IMPROPRMVL alarm to clear and for the cards to become active.

Step 14 If cards on each side of the line have been successfully upgraded, remove the forced ring switch.

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > MS-SPRing tabs.

b. Click either the West Switch or the East Switch field and choose CLEAR from the menu.

c. Click Apply.

Step 15 Repeat Steps 1 to 14 for each span in the MS-SPRing.


Procedure: Manually Upgrade a Span on a 1+1 Group

When upgrading a 1+1 group, upgrade the working and protect span regardless of which line is active. Both lines in a 1+1 group must be upgraded before added bandwidth will be available.

Purpose

Upgrading a span on a 1+1 group manually

Tools/Equipment

STM cards that support the new line speed

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 In the node view of the CTC software, click the Conditions tab.

Step 2 Click Retrieve Conditions. Ensure no abnormal conditions are present on the span to be upgraded.

Step 3 Click the Alarms tab.

Step 4 Ensure no alarms are present on the span to be upgraded.

Step 5 Apply a forced switch away from the span that you will upgrade.

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > Protection tabs.

b. In the Protection Groups list box, choose the 1+1 protection group.

c. Click the working/active card of the selected groups.

d. Click Switch and OK.

Step 6 Remove the fiber from both nodes and ensure that traffic is still running.

Step 7 Pull the STM-N cards from both nodes.

Step 8 In the node view, right-click each STM-N card slot and choose Change Card from the shortcut menu.

Step 9 In the Change Card dialog box, choose the STM-N card type from the list box

Step 10 Click OK.

Step 11 Insert the STM-N cards in both nodes.

Step 12 Install the fibers at both ends.

Step 13 Wait for the IMPROPRMVL alarm to clear and for the card to become standby.

Step 14 If cards on each side of the span have been successfully upgraded, remove the forced switch..

a. In the node view, click the Maintenance > Protection tabs.

b. In the Protection Groups list box, choose the 1+1 protection group.

c. Click the protect/standby card of the selected groups.

d. Click Clear and OK.


Note You cannot downgrade if circuits exist on the STM-Ns that would be removed (i.e., the higher STM-Ns).


Step 15 Repeat Steps 1 to 14 for any other lines in the 1+1 group.


4.8 Inspect and Clean Fiber Connectors

Purpose

This procedure is used to clean and inspect fiber connectors.

Tools/Equipment

Inspection videoscope

Compressed air/duster

"Type A" Fiber Optic Connector Cleaner (Cletop reel)

Isopropyl alcohol 70% or higher

Optical swab

Optical receiver cleaning stick

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Warning Invisible laser radiation may be emitted from the end of the unterminated fiber cable or connector. Do not stare into the beam or view directly with optical instruments.



Caution Be sure traffic is switched away from a fiber span before you remove fiber for cleaning.


Caution Before cleaning the optical connectors in an optical card, remove the card from the subrack and place it on a suitable anti-static mat.


Caution Do not reuse the optical swabs. Keep unused swabs off of work surfaces.


Step 1 Using an inspection videos cope, inspect each fiber connector for dirt, cracks, or scratches. Refer to the "Procedure:Inspect a Fiber Connector" task for information if there is not a site-standard practice for inspection.

Step 2 Replace any damaged fiber connectors.


Note Replace all dust caps whenever the equipment will be unused for 30 minutes or more.


Step 3 Complete the "Procedure:Clean and Scope Fiber Connectors, Using Alcohol and Dry Wipes" task or the "Clean and Scope Fiber Connectors, Using Cletop" procedure as necessary and according to site practice.

Step 4 Complete the "Procedure:Clean a Fiber Adapter" task as necessary.

Step 5 Complete the "Procedure:Clean a Feedthrough Connector" task as necessary.

Step 6 Complete the "Procedure:Inspect a Fiber Connector" task to confirm fiber cleanness as necessary.


Procedure: Inspect a Fiber Connector

Purpose

Inspecting optical connectors

Tools/Equipment

Video fiber connector inspection instrument

Cletop cleaning cassette

Compressed air

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Check the optical connector for large scratches using a video fiber connector inspection instrument. If you find a scratch, replace the connector. A connector is replaced by splicing a new pigtail.

Step 2 Check the connector end surface under the videoscope. If dark spots are seen on the surface of the ends, they are caused by dirt or possible damage. Pay special attention to the core-surface.

Step 3 If you cannot eliminate the spots by cleaning, this indicates damage to the glass fiber. You must replace the connector.


Procedure: Clean and Scope Fiber Connectors, Using Alcohol and Dry Wipes

Purpose

This task is used to clean the fiber connectors and adapters with alcohol and dry wipes.

Tools/Equipment

Fiber inspection videoscope

Compressed air/duster

Isopropyl alcohol (70% or higher) and optical swab, or

Premoistened alcohol wipe

Optical receiver cleaning stick

Prerequisite Procedures

Required/As Needed

Required

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Warning Invisible laser radiation may be emitted from the end of the unterminated fiber cable or connector. Do not stare into the beam or view directly with optical instruments.



Step 1 Remove the dust cap from the fiber connector.

Step 2 Wipe the connector tip with a premoistened alcohol wipe or swap and alcohol.

Step 3 Blow the connector tip dry using filtered air.

Step 4 Use an inspection videos cope to inspect each fiber connector for dirt, cracks, or scratches. If the connector is not clean, repeat Step 1- 3. Use the Inspect a Fiber Connector procedure if there is not a site standard practice for inspection.

Step 5 Insert the fiber connector into the applicable adapter or attach a dust cap to the fiber connector.


Note If you must replace a dust cap on a connector, first verify that the dust cap is clean. To clean the dust cap, wipe the outside of the cap using a dry lint free wipe and the inside of the dust cap using a Cletop stick swab (14100400).



Procedure: Clean and Scope Fiber Connectors, Using Cletop

Purpose

This task is used to clean the fiber connectors with Cletop.

Tools/Equipment

"Type A" Fiber Optic Connector Cleaner (Cletop reel)

Fiber inspection videoscope

Prerequisite Procedures

Required/As Needed

Required

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Remove the dust cap from the fiber connector.

Step 2 Press the lever down on the Cletop to open the shutter door. Each time you press the lever, you expose a clean wiping surface.

Step 3 Insert the connector into the Cletop cleaning cassette slot, rotate one quarter turn, and gently swipe downwards.

Step 4 Use an inspection videos cope to inspect each fiber connector for dirt, cracks, or scratches. If the connector is not clean, repeat Step 1- 3. Use the Inspect a Fiber Connector procedure if there is not a site standard practice for inspection.

Step 5 Insert the fiber connector into the applicable adapter or attach a dust cap to the fiber connector.


Note If you must replace a dust cap on a connector, first verify that the dust cap is clean. To clean the dust cap, wipe the outside of the cap using a dry lint free wipe and the inside of the dust cap using a Cletop stick swab (14100400).



Procedure: Clean a Fiber Adapter

Purpose

This task is used to clean fiber adapters.

Tools/Equipment

Cletop stick swab

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Remove the dust plug from the fiber adapter.

Step 2 Insert a Cletop stick swab (14100400) into the adapter opening and rotate the swab.

Step 3 Place dust plugs on the fiber adapters when not in use.


Procedure: Clean a Feedthrough Connector

Purpose

Cleaning a feedthrough connector

Tools/Equipment

Compressed air

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Inspect the feedthrough connector with the naked eye.

Step 2 Remove any dust with compressed air.

Step 3 Inspect again. If there is resistant dirt or grease, or if there are mechanical defects, replace the connector.


4.9 Powering Down a Node


Note Always use the ESD wristband when working with the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH. Plug the wristband into the ESD jack located on the right outside of the shelf assembly. The front door is grounded to prevent electrical shock.



Note The procedure minimizes traffic outages when nodes are powered down, but traffic will be lost if you delete and recreate circuits that passed through a working node.


Procedure: Power Down a Node

Purpose

Powering down a node

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Identify the node to be powered down. If no cards are installed, go to Step 14. If one or two TCC-I cards are installed, log into the node.

Step 2 From the CTC software network view, log into the node and verify that the node is not connected to a working network.

To determine whether the node is part of a working network, click Go to the Network View in the CTC node view, and determine whether the node is connected to other nodes on the map by spans.

To determine what kind of configuration the node is included in (if it is still part of a working network), log into the node if you have not done so already and click the Provisioning > MS-SPRing tab in the CTC node (default login) view. If a ring is present on the tab, the node is part of a two- or four-fiber MS-SPRing. If it is not present, but still shown on the network view map, it is an SNMP or linear ADM node.

If the node is part of a working network, log out of the node and refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide for procedures to remove nodes. Then continue with Step 3.

If the node is not connected to a working network and the current configurations are no longer required, go to Step 3.


Note Current configurations will be saved if Steps 3 to 10 are skipped.


Step 3 From the node view, click the Circuits tab and verify that no circuits are displayed. If circuits are displayed, delete all the circuits that originate or terminate in the node.

a. Click the circuits that need to be deleted and click Delete.

b. Click Yes in the Delete Circuits dialog box.

If no circuits are displayed, skip to Step 4.

Step 4 From the node view, choose the Provisioning > Protection tabs and delete all protection groups.

Step 5 From the node view, choose the Provisioning > SDH DCC tabs and delete all SDCC terminations.

Step 6 Click Yes in the Delete SDCC Terminations dialog box and Yes in the "Are you sure?" confirmation dialog box.

Step 7 For an installed line card, from the card view, click the Provisioning > Line tabs and place all ports in the OOS state by clicking the row for each port under the State column and choosing OOS from the list box.

Step 8 Click Apply and Yes in the Confirmation Dialog.

Step 9 Remove all fiber connections to the cards.

Step 10 Right-click the installed line card in CTC and click Delete from the shortcut menu.

Step 11 Click Yes in the "Are you sure?" confirmation dialog box.

Step 12 After you have deleted the line card, open the card ejector handles for each card and pull it from the node. Repeat Steps 7 to 12 for each installed line card.

Step 13 Turn off the power of the power supply that feeds the node.

Step 14 Disconnect the power cables from the external source.

Step 15 Disconnect the power cables from the MIC-A/P and MIC-C/T/P cards.

Step 16 Remove all the remaining common cards and FMEC cards from the node.

Step 17 Store all pulled cards and update inventory records according to local site practice.


4.10 Powering Up a Node


Note Always use the ESD wristband when working with the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH. Plug the wristband into the ESD jack located on the fan-tray assembly or on the lower right outside edge of the shelf assembly. To access the ESD plug on the shelf assembly, open the front door of the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH. The front door is grounded to prevent electrical shock.


Procedure: Power Up a Node

Purpose

This procedure powers up a node.

Tools/Equipment

Prerequisite Procedures

Onsite/Remote

Onsite



Step 1 Make sure that the fan trays are installed in the shelf. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 2 Install the first TCC-I card in the shelf. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 3 Install the MIC-A/P in Slot 23 and the MIC-C/T/P card in Slot 24 of the shelf. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 4 Connect the power cables to the power supply inputs of the MIC-A/P and the MIC-C/T/P.

Step 5 Connect the other ends of the power cables to the power distribution panel. Refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 6 Turn on both power switches on the power distribution panel.

Step 7 Ensure that the fans are running.

Step 8 Wait until the first TCC-I card has finished its startup procedure. The startup procedure takes about three minutes and is finished when the IP address is to displayed on the LCD of the fan unit.

Step 9 Install the second TCC-I.


Note When a second TCC-I card is inserted into the shelf, it will synchronize its software, its backup software, and its database with the active TCC-I. If its software version does not match the version on the active TCC-I, the newly inserted TCC-I will copy from the active TCC-I. This copying will take about 15 to 20 minutes. If its backup software version does not match the version on the active TCC-I, the newly inserted TCC-I will copy the backup software from the active TCC-I. This copying, again, will take about 15 to 20 minutes. Copying the database from the active TCC-I will take about 3 minutes. So, depending on the software existing in the new TCC-I, booting it up will take between 3 and about 40 minutes.


Step 10 Install the first and the second XC10G cards. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 11 Install the optical line cards required for the configuration to be set up.For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 12 Install the electrical line cards required for the configuration to be set up. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 13 Install the FMECs required for the configuration to be set up. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 14 Check with the fiber video videos cope and, if necessary, clean each fiber connector using the procedures in Inspect and Clean Fiber Connectors.

Step 15 Install all fiber connections to the cards as required for the configuration to be set up. For instructions, refer to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.

Step 16 Configure the node according to the Cisco ONS 15454 SDH Installation and Operations Guide.