Major search engines and content delivery services provide features that allow you to restrict search results and website
content. For example, schools use content restriction features to comply with the Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA).
When implemented by search engines and content delivery services, you can enforce content restriction features only for individual
browsers or users. The Firepower System allows you to extend these features to your entire network.
The system allows you to enforce:
Safe Search—Supported in many major search engines, this service filters out explicit and adult-oriented content that particular
environments (business, government, education, etc.) classify as objectionable. The system does not restrict a user's ability
to access the home pages for supported search engines. Note that YouTube Restricted Mode is a subfeature of Safe Search.
YouTube EDU—This service filters YouTube content for an educational environment. It allows schools to set access for educational
content while limiting access to noneducational content. YouTube EDU is a different feature than YouTube Restricted Mode,
which enforces restrictions on YouTube searches as part of Google's Safe Search feature. With YouTube EDU, users access the
YouTube EDU home page, rather than the standard YouTube home page.
Content restriction features communicate the restricted status of a search or content query via an element in the request
URI, an associated cookie, or a custom HTTP header element. You can configure access control rules to modify these elements
as the system processes traffic.
Note that, to enforce content restriction, you must also enable an SSL policy, which impacts performance.
If you enable logging of connection events for these access control rules, the system logs related events with a Reason of Content Restriction.
Safe Search Options for Access Control Rules
The Firepower System supports Safe Search filtering for specific search engines only. For a list of supported search engines,
see applications tagged
in the Applications tab of the access control rule editor. For a list of unsupported search engines, see applications tagged
When enabling Safe Search for an access control rule, set the following parameters:
Enable Safe Search
Enables Safe Search filtering for traffic that matches this rule.
Unsupported Search Traffic
Specifies the action you want the system to take when it processes traffic from unsupported search engines. If you choose
Block or Block with Reset, you must also configure the HTTP response page that the system displays when it blocks restricted content; see Displaying a Custom Web Page for Blocked URLs.
Using Access Control Rule to Enforce Content Restriction
To avoid rule preemption, position rules governing YouTube EDU above rules governing Safe Search in both SSL and access control
policies. For more information, see Content Restriction Rule Order.
To enforce content restriction using access control rules:
In the access control policy, add rules for handling Safe Search and YouTube EDU traffic, placing the Safe Search rule after
the YouTube EDU rule:
Choose Allow as the Action for the rules. The system does not allow any other action for content restriction handling.
In the Applications tab, click the dimmed icon for either Safe Search or YouTube EDU , and set related options. These icons are disabled, rather than dimmed, if you choose any Action other than Allow for the rule.
You cannot enable Safe Search and YouTube EDU restrictions for the same access control rule.
In the Applications tab, refine application selections in the Selected Applications and Filters list.
In most cases, enabling Safe Search or YouTube EDU populates the Selected Applications and Filters list with the appropriate values. The system does not automatically populate the list if a Safe Search or YouTube application
is already present in the list when you enable the feature. If applications do not populate as expected, manually add them
Safe Search—Add the search engines filter.
YouTube EDU—Search for "YouTube" in the Available Applications list, and add the resulting applications.
When enabling YouTube EDU for an access control rule, set the following parameters:
Enable YouTube EDU
Enables YouTube EDU filtering for traffic that matches this rule.
Specifies the value that uniquely identifies a school or district network in the YouTube EDU initiative. YouTube provides
this ID when a school or district registers for a YouTube EDU account.
If you check Enable YouTube EDU, you must enter a Custom ID. This ID is defined externally by YouTube. The system does not validate what you enter against the YouTube system. If you
enter an invalid ID, YouTube EDU restrictions may not perform as expected.
Content Restriction Rule Order
To avoid rule preemption in both SSL and access control policies, position rules governing YouTube restriction above rules
governing Safe Search restriction.
When you enable Safe Search for an access control rule, the system adds the search engine category to the Selected Applications and Filters list. This application category includes YouTube. As a result, YouTube traffic matches to the Safe Search rule unless YouTube
EDU is enabled in a rule with a higher evaluation priority.
A similar rule preemption occurs if you position an SSL rule with the
filter higher in the evaluation order than an SSL rule with specific YouTube application conditions.