Information About Configuring TCP, UDP Transports
To configure TCP, UDP, and RAW transports, you must understand the following concepts:
Nonstop Routing (NSR) is provided for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), and Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) protocols for the following events:
Route Processor (RP) failover
Process restart for either OSPF, LDP, or TCP
Online insertion removal (OIR)
In the case of the RP failover, NSR is achieved by for both TCP and the applications (OSPF, BGP, or LDP).
NSR is a method to achieve High Availability (HA) of the routing protocols. TCP connections and the routing protocol sessions are migrated from the active RP to standby RP after the RP failover without letting the peers know about the failover. Currently, the sessions terminate and the protocols running on the standby RP reestablish the sessions after the standby RP goes active. Graceful Restart (GR) extensions are used in place of NSR to prevent traffic loss during an RP failover but GR has several drawbacks.
You can use the nsr process-failures switchover command to let the RP failover be used as a recovery action when the active TCP or active LDP restarts. When standby TCP or LDP restarts, only the NSR capability is lost till the standby instances come up and the sessions are resynchronized but the sessions do not go down. In the case of the process failure of an active OSPF, a fault-management policy is used. For more information, refer to Implementing OSPF on Routing Configuration Guide for Cisco NCS 5500 Series Routers .
TCP is a connection-oriented protocol that specifies the format of data and acknowledgments that two computer systems exchange to transfer data. TCP also specifies the procedures the computers use to ensure that the data arrives correctly. TCP allows multiple applications on a system to communicate concurrently, because it handles all demultiplexing of the incoming traffic among the application programs.
The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is a connectionless transport-layer protocol that belongs to the IP family. UDP is the transport protocol for several well-known application-layer protocols, including Network File System (NFS), Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), Domain Name System (DNS), and TFTP.
Any IP protocol other than TCP and UDP is known as a RAW protocol.
For most sites, the default settings for the TCP, UDP, and RAW transports need not be changed.
Configuring Failover as a Recovery Action for NSR
When the active TCP or the NSR client of the active TCP terminates or restarts, the TCP sessions go down. To continue to provide NSR, failover is configured as a recovery action. If failover is configured, a switchover is initiated if the active TCP or an active application (for example, LDP, OSPF, and so forth) restarts or terminates.
For information on how to configure MPLS Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) for NSR, refer to the MPLS Configuration Guide for Cisco NCS 5500 Series Routers .
For information on how to configure NSR on a per-process level for each process, refer to the Routing Configuration Guide for Cisco NCS 5500 Series Routers .
Configure failover as a recovery action for active instances to switch over to a standby to maintain nonstop routing.
Router#configure Router(config)#nsr process-failures switchover Router(config)#commit
Router#show running-configuration nsr process-failures switchover nsr process-failures switchover
nsr process-failures switchover