This appendix provides information on preventing ESD when removing and installing modules in a chassis.
Attaching Your ESD Grounding Strap
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage, which can occur when modules or other FRUs are improperly handled, results in intermittent or complete failures. Modules consist of printed circuit boards that are fixed in metal carriers. Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and connectors are integral components of the carrier. Although the metal carrier helps to protect the board from ESD, always use an ESD grounding strap when handling modules.
For preventing ESD damage, follow these guidelines:
•Always use an ESD wrist strap and ensure that it makes maximum contact with bare skin. ESD grounding straps are available with banana plugs, metal spring clips, or alligator clips. All Catalyst 6500 series chassis are equipped with a banana plug connector (identified by the ground symbol next to the connector) somewhere on the front panel.
–If you have an older Catalyst 6500 series chassis equipped with a plastic banana plug connector, we recommend that you use either the supplied ESD grounding wrist strap (with a metal clip) or an ESD grounding wrist strap equipped with an alligator clip.
–If you have a newer Catalyst 6500 series chassis that has a bare metal hole as the banana plug connector (also identified by the ground symbol next to the hole), we recommend that you use a personal ESD grounding strap equipped with a banana plug.
•If you choose to use the disposable ESD wrist strap supplied with most FRUs or an ESD wrist strap equipped with an alligator clip, you must attach the system ground lug to the chassis in order to provide a proper grounding point for the ESD wrist strap.
Note This system ground is also referred to as the network equipment building system (NEBS) ground.
•If your chassis does not have the NEBS system ground attached, you must install the system ground lug and a ground wire. Refer to the online Catalyst 6500 Series Switches Installation Guide for the procedure.
After you install the system ground lug, follow these steps to correctly attach the ESD wrist strap:
Step 1 Attach the ESD wrist strap to bare skin as follows:
a. If you are using the ESD wrist strap supplied with the FRUs, open the wrist strap package and unwrap the ESD wrist strap. Place the black conductive loop over your wrist and tighten the strap so that it makes good contact with your bare skin.
b. If you are using an ESD wrist strap equipped with an alligator clip, open the package and remove the ESD wrist strap. Locate the end of the wrist strap that attaches to your body and secure it to your bare skin.
Step 2 Grasp the spring or alligator clip on the ESD wrist strap and momentarily touch the clip to a bare metal spot (unpainted surface) on the rack.
We recommend that you touch the clip to an unpainted rack rail so that any built-up static charge is then safely dissipated to the entire rack.
Step 3 Attach either the spring clip or the alligator clip to the ground lug screw as follows (See Figure C-1):
a. If you are using the ESD wrist strap that is supplied with the FRUs, squeeze the spring clip jaws open, position the spring clip to one side of the system ground lug screw head, and slide the spring clip over the lug screw head so that the spring clip jaws close behind the lug screw head.
Note The spring clip jaws do not open wide enough to fit directly over the head of the lug screw or the lug barrel.
b. If you are using an ESD wrist strap that is equipped with an alligator clip, attach the alligator clip directly over the head of the system ground lug screw or to the system ground lug barrel.
Figure C-1 Attaching the ESD Wrist Strap Clip to the System Ground Lug Screw
In addition, follow these guidelines when handling modules:
•Handle carriers by available handles or edges only; avoid touching the printed circuit boards or connectors.
•Place a removed component board-side-up on an antistatic surface or in a static-shielding container. If you plan to return the component to the factory, immediately place it in a static-shielding container.
•Never attempt to remove the printed circuit board from the metal carrier.
For safety, periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap. The measurement should be between 1 and 10 megohm (Mohm).