--A relationship formed between selected neighboring routers and end nodes for the purpose of exchanging routing information.
Adjacency is based upon the use of a common media segment by the routers and nodes involved.
--A Layer 3 switching technology. Cisco Express Forwarding can also refer to central Cisco Express Forwarding mode, one of
two modes of Cisco Express Forwarding operation. Cisco Express Forwarding enables a Route Processor (RP) to perform express
forwarding. Distributed Cisco Express Forwarding is the other mode of Cisco Express Forwarding operation.
--A type of Cisco Express Forwarding switching in which line cards maintain identical copies of the Forwarding Information
Base (FIB) and adjacency tables. The line cards perform the express forwarding between port adapters; this relieves the Route
Processor of involvement in the switching operation.
--forwarding information base. A component of Cisco Express Forwarding. The router uses the FIB lookup table to make destination-based
switching decisions during Cisco Express Forwarding operation. The router maintains a mirror image of the forwarding information
in an IP routing table.
--interprocess communication. The mechanism that enables the distribution of Cisco Express Forwarding tables from the Route
Processor (RP) to the line card when the router is operating in distributed Cisco Express Forwarding mode.
--The removal of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) headers at the edge of a network. In MPLS label disposition, packets
arrive on a router as MPLS packets and, with the headers removed, are transmitted as IP packets.
--The action of putting a label on a packet.
--label edge router. A router that performs label imposition.
--label forwarding information base. The data structure used by switching functions to switch labeled packets.
--label information base. A database used by a label switch router (LSR) to store labels learned from other LSRs, as well
as labels assigned by the local LSR.
--A general term for an interface processor that can be used in various Cisco products.
--label switched path. A sequence of hops (Router 0...Router n). A packet travels from R0 to Rn by means of label switching
mechanisms. An LSP can be chosen dynamically, based on normal routing mechanisms, or it can be configured manually.
--label switch router. A Layer 3 router that forwards a packet based on the value of a label encapsulated in the packet.
--Multiprotocol Label Switching. An emerging industry standard for the forwarding of packets along the normal routing paths
(sometimes called MPLS hop-by-hop forwarding).
--The network address portion of an IP address. A prefix is specified by a network and mask and is generally represented in
the format network/mask. The mask indicates which bits are the network bits. For example, 18.104.22.168/16 means that the first
16 bits of the IP address are masked, making them the network bits. The remaining bits are the host bits. In this example,
the network number is 10.0.
--Routing Information Base. A central repository of routes that contains Layer 3 reachability information and destination
IP addresses or prefixes. The RIB is also known as the routing table.
--Route Processor. The processor module contains the CPU, system software, and most of the memory components that are used
in the router. It is sometimes called a supervisory processor.
--Virtual Private Network. The result of a router configuration that enables IP traffic to use tunneling to travel securely
over a public TCP/IP network.
--A Virtual Private Network (VPN) routing/forwarding instance. A VRF consists of an IP routing table, a derived forwarding
table, a set of interfaces that use the forwarding table, and a set of rules and routing protocols that determine what goes
into the forwarding table. In general, a VRF includes the routing information that defines a customer VPN site that is attached
to a provider edge (PE) router.