Prior to configuring the ATM PVC for PPPoE on ATM, you typically create and configure a virtual template.
Other optional configuration commands can be added to the virtual template configuration. All PPP parameters are managed within the virtual template configuration. Configuration changes made to the virtual template are automatically propagated to the individual virtual access interfaces. Multiple virtual access interfaces can spawn from a single virtual template; hence, multiple PVCs can use a single virtual template.
Cisco IOS software supports up to 25 virtual template configurations. If greater numbers of tailored configurations are required, an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) server may be employed.
If the parameters of the virtual template are not explicitly defined before the ATM PVC is configured, the PPP interface is brought up using default values from the virtual template identified. Some parameters (such as an IP address) take effect only if specified before the PPP interface comes up. Therefore, Cisco recommends that you explicitly create and configure the virtual template before configuring the ATM PVC to ensure such parameters take effect. Alternatively, if parameters are specified after the ATM PVC has already been configured, you should issue a shutdown command followed by a no shutdowncommand on the ATM subinterface to restart the interface; this restart will cause the newly configured parameters (such as an IP address) to take effect.
Network addresses for the PPP-over-ATM connections are not configured on the main ATM interface or subinterface. Instead, these connections are configured on the appropriate virtual template or obtained via AAA.
The virtual templates support all standard PPP configuration commands; however, not all configurations are supported by the PPP-over-ATM virtual access interfaces. These restrictions are enforced at the time the virtual template configuration is applied (cloned) to the virtual access interface. These restrictions are described in the following paragraphs.
Only standard first-in, first-out (FIFO) queueing is supported when applied to PPP-over-ATM virtual access interfaces. Other types of queueing that are typically configured on the main interface are not (for example, fair queueing). If configured, these configuration lines are ignored when applied to a PPP-over-ATM interface.
Although Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) switching is supported, fast switching, flow, and optimum switching are not; these configurations are ignored on the PPP-over-ATM virtual access interface. CEF is enabled by default for IP. All other protocol traffic will be processed switched.
The PPP reliable link that uses Link Access Procedure, Balanced (LAPB) is not supported.
Because an ATM PVC is configured for this feature, the following standard PPP features are not applicable and should not be configured:
- Asynchronous interfaces
- Dialup connections
- Callback on PPP
To create and configure a virtual template, use the following commands: