This document addresses frequently asked questions (FAQ) associated with Cisco cable modem configurations.
A. When the uBR9xx is pulled out of the box and powered up, it performs as a bridge. Remember that the default gateway for hosts behind the bridge must be the cable secondary IP address of the Cable Modem Termination System (CMTS). In this example, a uBR924 running Cisco IOS® Software Release 12.1(1)T is used.
This is what the default configuration looks like as a bridge once the uBR924 comes online:Router#show run Building configuration... Current configuration: ! ! No configuration change since last restart ! version 12.1 no service pad service timestamps debug uptime service timestamps log uptime no service password-encryption ! hostname Router ! ! clock timezone - -8 ip subnet-zero no ip routing ! ! voice-port 0 input gain -2 ! voice-port 1 input gain -2 ! ! interface Ethernet0 ip address 10.2.3.6 255.255.255.0 no ip route-cache bridge-group 59 bridge-group 59 spanning-disabled ! interface cable-modem0 ip address negotiated no ip route-cache cable-modem downstream saved channel 525000000 7 1 cable-modem Mac-timer t2 40000 bridge-group 59 bridge-group 59 spanning-disabled ! ip default-gateway 10.2.3.1 ip classless no ip http server ! snmp-server engineID local 00000009020000021685B644 snmp-server packetsize 2048 snmp-server manager ! line con 0 transport input none line vty 0 4 ! end Router#
For more detailed information about routing and bridging configurations, refer to Bridging Cable Modem Sample Configuration and Verification.
A. The uBR9xx has a four port Ethernet hub on the back of the unit (the 4 in uBR904). The cable modems are bridge devices out of the box. Complete these steps to configure the uBR9xx as a router:
- Remove the default commands bridge-group 59 and bridge-group 59 spanning-disabled from the Ethernet 0 (e0) and cable-modem 0 interfaces of the cable modem.
- Issue the command no cable-modem compliant-bridge on the uBR9xx under the cable 0 interface.Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. Router(config)#interface e0 Router(config-if)#no bridge-group 59 Router(config-if)#no bridge-group 59 spanning-disabled Router(config-if)#interface cable 0 Router(config-if)#no bridge-group 59 spanning-disabled Router(config-if)#no bridge-group 59 Router(config-if)#no cable-modem compliant bridge Router(config-if)#exit Router(config)#ip routing Router(config)#^Z Router#
Note: The default gateway for PCs behind the uBR9xx or Cable Voice Adapter 120 (CVA120) bridge must be set to the cable secondary IP address on the CMTS. When the cable modem is configured as a router, the default gateway of the host corresponds to the e0 interface of the cable modem. This is what the configuration of a uBR904 as a router looks like:no service pad service timestamps debug uptime service timestamps log uptime no service password-encryption ! hostname Router ! clock timezone - 0 ip subnet-zero ! interface Ethernet0 ip address 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.0 no ip directed-broadcast ip rip send version 2 ip rip receive version 2 ! interface cable-modem0 ip address negotiated no ip directed-broadcast ip rip send version 2 ip rip receive version 2 cable-modem downstream saved channel 453000000 28 1 cable-modem Mac-timer t2 40000 no cable-modem compliant bridge ! router rip version 2 network 10.0.0.0 network 184.108.40.206 ! ip classless ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.1.10 no ip http server ! ! line con 0 transport input none line vty 0 4 ! end
You also need to understand the limitations of the uBR9xx in bridging mode. For more detailed information about routing and bridging configurations, refer toBridging Cable Modem Sample Configuration and Verification and Sample Configuration and Verification for Cable in Routing Mode.
A. Refer to IPSec Over Cable Sample Configurations and Debugs.
Q. What are the meanings of the commands cable-modem boot admin 2 and cable-modem boot oper 5 , which appear under the cable interface in some cable modems?
A. The Cisco IOS commands cable-modem boot admin 2 and cable-modem boot oper 5 were added under the cable interface for cable modems to support a DOCSIS Engineering Change Notice regarding recovering from failed software upgrades. Those commands should not be changed or removed under any circumstances. As of Cisco IOS Software Release 12.1(3)T, these commands have been hidden from the configuration, which explains why some cable modems show these commands, and some do not.
A. Refer to CableHome™ -DOCSIS® -Packet Cable® Certified Products .
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