Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration Guide
Configuring and Managing Zones
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Configuring and Managing Zones

Table Of Contents

Configuring and Managing Zones

About Zoning

Zoning Example

Zone Implementation

Zone Member Configuration Guidelines

Active and Full Zone Set Considerations

Using the Quick Config Wizard

Zone Configuration

About the Edit Local Full Zone Database Tool

Configuring a Zone Using the Zone Configuration Tool

Adding Zone Members

Zone Sets

About Zone Set Creation

Activating a Zone Set

Deactivating a Zoneset

Displaying Zone Membership Information

About the Default Zone

Configuring the Default Zone

About FC Alias Creation

Creating FC Aliases

Adding Members to Aliases

Converting Zone Members to pWWN-based Members

Zone Enforcement

Zone Set Distribution

Enabling Full Zone Set Distribution

Enabling a One-Time Distribution

About Recovering from Link Isolation

Importing and Exporting Zone Sets

Zone Set Duplication

Copying Zone Sets

About Backing Up and Restoring Zones

Backing Up Zones

Restoring Zones

Renaming Zones, Zone Sets, and Aliases

Cloning Zones, Zone Sets, FC Aliases, and Zone Attribute Groups

Migrating a Non-MDS Database

Clearing the Zone Server Database

Advanced Zone Attributes

About Zone-Based Traffic Priority

Configuring Zone-Based Traffic Priority

Configuring Default Zone QoS Priority Attributes

Configuring the Default Zone Policy

About Broadcast Zoning

Configuring Broadcast Zoning

About LUN Zoning

Configuring a LUN-Based Zone

Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems

About Read-Only Zones

Configuring Read-Only Zones

Displaying Zone Information

Enhanced Zoning

About Enhanced Zoning

Changing from Basic Zoning to Enhanced Zoning

Changing from Enhanced Zoning to Basic Zoning

Enabling Enhanced Zoning

Creating Attribute Groups

Merging the Database

Analyzing a Zone Merge

Configuring Zone Merge Control Policies

Compacting the Zone Database for Downgrading

Default Settings


Configuring and Managing Zones


Zoning enables you to set up access control between storage devices or user groups. If you have administrator privileges in your fabric, you can create zones to increase network security and to prevent data loss or corruption. Zoning is enforced by examining the source-destination ID field.

Advanced zoning capabilities specified in the FC-GS-4 and FC-SW-3 standards are provided. You can use either the existing basic zoning capabilities or the advanced, standards-compliant zoning capabilities.

This chapter includes the following sections:

About Zoning

Using the Quick Config Wizard

Zone Configuration

Zone Sets

Zone Set Distribution

Zone Set Duplication

Advanced Zone Attributes

Displaying Zone Information

Enhanced Zoning

Compacting the Zone Database for Downgrading

Default Settings


Note Table 26-1 on page 26-4 lists the differences between zones and VSANs.


About Zoning

Zoning has the following features:

A zone consists of multiple zone members.

Members in a zone can access each other; members in different zones cannot access each other.

If zoning is not activated, all devices are members of the default zone.

If zoning is activated, any device that is not in an active zone (a zone that is part of an active zone set) is a member of the default zone.

Zones can vary in size.

Devices can belong to more than one zone.

A physical fabric can have a maximum of 16,000 members. This includes all VSANs in the fabric.

A zone set consists of one or more zones.

A zone set can be activated or deactivated as a single entity across all switches in the fabric.

Only one zone set can be activated at any time.

A zone can be a member of more than one zone set.

A zone switch can have a maximum of 500 zone sets.

Zoning can be administered from any switch in the fabric.

When you activate a zone (from any switch), all switches in the fabric receive the active zone set. Additionally, full zone sets are distributed to all switches in the fabric, if this feature is enabled in the source switch.

If a new switch is added to an existing fabric, zone sets are acquired by the new switch.

Zone changes can be configured nondisruptively. New zones and zone sets can be activated without interrupting traffic on unaffected ports or devices.

Zone membership criteria is based mainly on WWNs or FC IDs.

Port world wide name (pWWN)—Specifies the pWWN of an N port attached to the switch as a member of the zone.

Fabric pWWN—Specifies the WWN of the fabric port (switch port's WWN). This membership is also referred to as port-based zoning.

FC ID—Specifies the FC ID of an N port attached to the switch as a member of the zone.

Interface and switch WWN (sWWN)—Specifies the interface of a switch identified by the sWWN. This membership is also referred to as interface-based zoning.

Interface and domain ID—Specifies the interface of a switch identified by the domain ID.

Domain ID and port number—Specifies the domain ID of an MDS domain and additionally specifies a port belonging to a non-Cisco switch.

IPv4 address—Specifies the IPv4 address (and optionally the subnet mask) of an attached device.

IPv6 address—The IPv6 address of an attached device in 128 bits in colon(:)-separated hexadecimal format.

Default zone membership includes all ports or WWNs that do not have a specific membership association. Access between default zone members is controlled by the default zone policy.

You can configure up to 8000 zones per VSAN and a maximum of 8000 zones for all VSANs on the switch.

Zoning Example

Figure 30-1 illustrates a zone set with two zones, zone 1 and zone 2, in a fabric. Zone 1 provides access from all three hosts (H1, H2, H3) to the data residing on storage systems S1 and S2. Zone 2 restricts the data on S3 to access only by H3. Note that H3 resides in both zones.

Figure 30-1 Fabric with Two Zones

Of course, there are other ways to partition this fabric into zones. Figure 30-2 illustrates another possibility. Assume that there is a need to isolate storage system S2 for the purpose of testing new software. To achieve this, zone 3 is configured, which contains only host H2 and storage S2. You can restrict access to just H2 and S2 in zone 3, and to H1 and S1 in zone 1.

Figure 30-2 Fabric with Three Zones

Zone Implementation

All switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family automatically support the following basic zone features (no additional configuration is required):

Zones are contained in a VSAN.

Hard zoning cannot be disabled.

Name server queries are soft-zoned.

Only active zone sets are distributed.

Unzoned devices cannot access each other.

A zone or zone set with the same name can exist in each VSAN.

Each VSAN has a full database and an active database.

Active zone sets cannot be changed, without activating a full zone database.

Active zone sets are preserved across switch reboots.

Changes to the full database must be explicitly saved.

Zone reactivation (a zone set is active and you activate another zone set) does not disrupt existing traffic.

If required, you can additionally configure the following zone features:

Propagate full zone sets to all switches on a per VSAN basis.

Change the default policy for unzoned members.

Interoperate with other vendors by configuring a VSAN in the interop mode. You can also configure one VSAN in the interop mode and another VSAN in the basic mode in the same switch without disrupting each other.

Bring E ports out of isolation.

Zone Member Configuration Guidelines

All members of a zone can communicate with each other. For a zone with N members, N*(N-1) access permissions need to be enabled. The best practice is to avoid configuring large number of targets and or or large numbers of initiators in a single zone. Such configuration wastes switch resources by provisioning and managing many communicating pairs (initiator-to-initiator or target-to-target) which will never actually communicate with each other. For this reason, single initiator with a single target is the most efficient approach to zoning.

The following guidelines must be considered when creating zone members:

Configuring only one initiator and one target for a zone provides most efficient use of the switch resources.

Configuring the same initiator to multiple targets is accepted.

Configuring multiple initiators to multiple targets is not recommended.

Active and Full Zone Set Considerations

Before configuring a zone set, consider the following guidelines:

Each VSAN can have multiple zone sets but only one zone set can be active at any given time.

When you create a zone set, that zone set becomes a part of the full zone set.

When you activate a zone set, a copy of the zone set from the full zone set is used to enforce zoning, and is called the active zone set. An active zone set cannot be modified. A zone that is part of an active zone set is called an active zone.

The administrator can modify the full zone set even if a zone set with the same name is active. However, the modification will be enforced only upon reactivation.

When the activation is done, the active zone set is automatically stored in persistent configuration. This enables the switch to preserve the active zone set information across switch resets.

All other switches in the fabric receive the active zone set so they can enforce zoning in their respective switches.

Hard and soft zoning are implemented using the active zone set. Modifications take effect during zone set activation.

An FC ID or Nx port that is not part of the active zone set belongs to the default zone and the default zone information is not distributed to other switches.


Note If one zone set is active and you activate another zone set, the currently active zone set is automatically deactivated. You do not need to explicitly deactivate the currently active zone set before activating a new zone set.


Figure 30-3 shows a zone being added to an activated zone set.

Figure 30-3 Active and Full Zone Sets

Using the Quick Config Wizard


Note The Quick Config Wizard supports only switch interface zone members.


As of Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.1(1) and NX-OS Release 4.1(2), you can use the Quick Config Wizard on the Cisco MDS 9124 Switch to add or remove zone members per VSAN. You can use the Quick Config Wizard to perform interface-based zoning and to assign zone members for multiple VSANs using Device Manager.


Note The Quick Config Wizard is supported on the Cisco MDS 9124 Fabric Switch, the Cisco MDS 9134 Fabric Switch, the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem, and the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter.



Caution The Quick Config Wizard can only be used on stand-alone switches that do not have any existing zoning defined on the switch.

To add or remove ports from a zone and to zone only the devices within a specific VSAN using Device Manager on the Cisco MDS 9124 Switch, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose FC > Quick Config or click the Zone icon in the toolbar.

You see the Quick Config Wizard (see Figure 30-5) with all controls disabled and the Discrepancies dialog box (see Figure 30-4), which shows all unsupported configurations.


Note You will see the Discrepancies dialog box only if there are any discrepancies.


Figure 30-4 Discrepancies Dialog Box

Step 2 Click OK to continue.

You see the Quick Config Wizard dialog box shown in Figure 30-5.


Caution If there are discrepancies and you click OK, the affected VSANs in the zone databases are cleared. This may become disruptive if the switch is in use.

Figure 30-5 Quick Config Wizard

Step 3 Check the check box in the Ports Zoned To column for the port you want to add or remove from a zone. The check box for the matching port is similarly set. The selected port pair is added or removed from the zone, creating a two-device zone.

The VSAN drop-down menu provides a filter that enables you to zone only those devices within a selected VSAN.

Step 4 Right-click any of the column names to show or hide a column.

Step 5 Click Next to verify the changes.

You see the Confirm Changes dialog box shown in Figure 30-6.

Figure 30-6 Confirm Changes Dialog Box

Step 6 If you want to see the CLI commands, right-click in the dialog box and click CLI Commands from the pop-up menu.

Step 7 Click Finish to save the configuration changes.


Zone Configuration

This section describes how to configure zones and includes the following topics:

About the Edit Local Full Zone Database Tool

Configuring a Zone Using the Zone Configuration Tool

Adding Zone Members

About the Edit Local Full Zone Database Tool

The Edit Local Full Zone Database tool allows you to zone across multiple switches and all zoning features are available through the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box (see Figure 30-7).

Figure 30-7 Edit Local Full Zone Database Dialog Box

1

You can display information by VSAN by using the drop-down menu without closing the dialog box, selecting a VSAN, and re-entering.

3

You can add zoning characteristics based on alias in different folders.

2

You can use the Add to zone button to move devices up or down by alias or by zone.

4

You can triple-click to rename zone sets, zones, or aliases in the tree.



Note The Device Alias radio button is visible only if device alias is in enhanced mode. For more information, see "Creating a Device Alias" section on page 31-6.



Tip Expand Switches from the Physical Attributes pane to retrieve the sWWN. If you do not provide a sWWN, the software automatically uses the local sWWN.



Note Interface-based zoning only works with Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches. Interface-based zoning does not work if interop mode is configured in that VSAN.


Configuring a Zone Using the Zone Configuration Tool

To create a zone and move it into a zone set using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Click the Zone icon in the toolbar (See Figure 30-8).

Figure 30-8 Zone Icon

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select the VSAN where you want to create a zone and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box shown in Figure 30-9.

Figure 30-9 Edit Local Full Zone Database Dialog Box

If you want to view zone membership information, right-click in the All Zone Membership(s) column, and then click Show Details for the current row or all rows from the pop-up menu.

Step 3 Click Zones in the left pane and click the Insert icon to create a zone.

You see the Create Zone dialog box shown in Figure 30-10.

Figure 30-10 Create Zone Dialog Box

Step 4 Enter a zone name.

Step 5 Check one of the following check boxes:

a. Read Only—The zone permits read and denies write.

b. Permit QoS traffic with Priority—You set the priority from the drop-down menu.

c. Restrict Broadcast Frames to Zone Members

Step 6 Click OK to create the zone.

If you want to move this zone into an existing zone set, skip to Step 8.

Step 7 Click Zoneset in the left pane and click the Insert icon to create a zone set.

You see the Zoneset Name dialog box shown in Figure 30-11.

Figure 30-11 Zoneset Name Dialog Box

Step 8 Enter a zone set name and click OK.


Note One of these symbols ($, -, ^, _) or all alphanumeric characters are supported. In interop mode 2 and 3, this symbol (_) or all alphanumeric characters are supported.


Step 9 Select the zone set where you want to add a zone and click the Insert icon or you can drag and drop Zone3 over Zoneset1.

You see the Select Zone dialog box shown in Figure 30-12.

Figure 30-12 Select Zone Dialog Box

Step 10 Click Add to add the zone.


Adding Zone Members

Once you create a zone, you can add members to the zone. You can add members using multiple port identification types.

To add a member to a zone using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Figure 30-13 Edit Local Full Zone Database Dialog Box

Step 3 Select the members you want to add from the Fabric pane (see Figure 30-13) and click Add to Zone or click the zone where you want to add members and click the Insert icon.

You see the Add Member to Zone dialog box shown in Figure 30-14.

Figure 30-14 Add Member to Zone Dialog Box


Note The Device Alias radio button is visible only if device alias is in enhanced mode. For more information, see "Creating a Device Alias" section on page 31-6.


Step 4 Click the browse button and select a port name or check the LUN check box and click the browse button to configure LUNs.

Step 5 Click Add to add the member to the zone.


Note When configuring a zone member, you can specify that a single LUN has multiple IDs depending on the operating system. You can select from six different operating systems.



Zone Sets

This section describes zone sets and includes the following topics:

About Zone Set Creation

Activating a Zone Set

Displaying Zone Membership Information

About the Default Zone

Configuring the Default Zone

About FC Alias Creation

Creating FC Aliases

Adding Members to Aliases

Converting Zone Members to pWWN-based Members

Zone Enforcement

About Zone Set Creation

In Figure 30-15, two separate sets are created, each with its own membership hierarchy and zone members.

Figure 30-15 Hierarchy of Zone Sets, Zones, and Zone Members

Zones provide a mechanism for specifying access control, while zone sets are a grouping of zones to enforce access control in the fabric. Either zone set A or zone set B can be activated (but not together).


Tip Zone sets are configured with the names of the member zones and the VSAN (if the zone set is in a configured VSAN).


Activating a Zone Set

Changes to a zone set do not take effect in a full zone set until you activate it.

To activate an existing zone set using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Click Activate to activate the zone set.

You see the pre-activation check dialog box shown in Figure 30-16.

Figure 30-16 Pre-Activation Check Dialog Box

Step 4 Click Yes to review the differences.

You see the Local vs. Active Differences dialog box shown in Figure 30-17.

Figure 30-17 Local vs Active Differences Dialog Box

Step 5 Click Close to close the dialog box.

You see the Save Configuration dialog box shown in Figure 30-18.

Figure 30-18 Save Configuration Dialog Box

Step 6 Check the Save Running to Startup Configuration check box to save all changes to the startup configuration.

Step 7 Click Continue Activation to activate the zone set, or click Cancel to close the dialog box and discard any unsaved changes.

You see the Zone Log dialog box, which shows if the zone set activation was successful (see Figure 30-19).

Figure 30-19 Zone Log Dialog Box


Deactivating a Zoneset

To deactivate an existing zone set, follow these steps:


Step 1 Right-click the zone set you want to deactivate and then click Deactivate from the pop-up menu.

You see the Deactivate Zoneset dialog box as shown in Figure 30-20.

Figure 30-20

Deactivate Zoneset Dialog Box

Step 2 Enter deactivate in the text box and then click OK.

You see the Input dialog box as shown in Figure 30-21.

Figure 30-21

Input Dialog Box

Step 3 Enter deactivate in the text box and then click OK to deactivate the zone set.


Note To enable this option, you need to modify the server.properties file. See Fabric Manager Server Properties File, page 3-4 to know more about modifying server.properties file.


Displaying Zone Membership Information

To display zone membership information for members assigned to zones in Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Click Zones in the left pane. The right pane lists the members for each zone.


Note The default zone members are explicitly listed only when the default zone policy is configured as permit. When the default zone policy is configured as deny, the members of this zone are not shown. See the "Displaying Zone Information" section.



About the Default Zone

Each member of a fabric (in effect a device attached to an Nx port) can belong to any zone. If a member is not part of any active zone, it is considered to be part of the default zone. Therefore, if no zone set is active in the fabric, all devices are considered to be in the default zone. Even though a member can belong to multiple zones, a member that is part of the default zone cannot be part of any other zone. The switch determines whether a port is a member of the default zone when the attached port comes up.


Note Unlike configured zones, default zone information is not distributed to the other switches in the fabric.


Traffic can either be permitted or denied among members of the default zone. This information is not distributed to all switches; it must be configured in each switch.


Note When the switch is initialized for the first time, no zones are configured and all members are considered to be part of the default zone. Members are not permitted to talk to each other.


Configure the default zone policy on each switch in the fabric. If you change the default zone policy on one switch in a fabric, be sure to change it on all the other switches in the fabric.


Note The default settings for default zone configurations can be changed.


The default zone members are explicitly listed when the default policy is configured as permit or when a zone set is active. When the default policy is configured as deny, the members of this zone are not explicitly enumerated when you view the active zone set.

You can change the default zone policy for any VSAN by choosing VSANxx > Default Zone from the Fabric Manager menu tree and clicking the Policies tab. It is recommended that you establish connectivity among devices by assigning them to a non-default zone.

Configuring the Default Zone

To permit or deny traffic to members in the default zone using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Expand a VSAN and then select Default Zone in the Fabric Manager Logical Domains pane.

Step 2 Click the Policies tab in the Information pane.

You see the zone policies information in the Information pane (see Figure 30-22).

Figure 30-22 Default Zone Policies

The active zone set is shown in italic type. After you make changes to the active zone set and before you activate the changes, the zone set is shown in boldface italic type.

Step 3 In the Default Zone Behaviour field, choose either permit or deny from the drop-down menu.


About FC Alias Creation

You can assign an alias name and configure an alias member using the following values:

pWWN—The WWN of the N or NL port is in hex format (for example, 10:00:00:23:45:67:89:ab).

fWWN—The WWN of the fabric port name is in hex format (for example, 10:00:00:23:45:67:89:ab).

FC ID—The N port ID is in 0xhhhhhh format (for example, 0xce00d1).

Domain ID—The domain ID is an integer from 1 to 239. A mandatory port number of a non-Cisco switch is required to complete this membership configuration.

IPv4 address—The IPv4 address of an attached device is in 32 bits in dotted decimal format along with an optional subnet mask. If a mask is specified, any device within the subnet becomes a member of the specified zone.

IPv6 address—The IPv6 address of an attached device is in 128 bits in colon- (:) separated) hexadecimal format.

Interface—Interface-based zoning is similar to port-based zoning because the switch interface is used to configure the zone. You can specify a switch interface as a zone member for both local and remote switches. To specify a remote switch, enter the remote switch WWN (sWWN) or the domain ID in the particular VSAN.


Tip The Cisco NX-OS software supports a maximum of 2048 aliases per VSAN.


Creating FC Aliases

To create an FC alias using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Click Aliases in the lower left pane (see Figure 30-23). The right pane lists the existing aliases.

Figure 30-23 Creating an FC Alias

Step 4 Click the Insert icon to create an alias.

You see the Create Alias dialog box shown in Figure 30-24.

Figure 30-24 Create Alias Dialog Box

Step 5 Set the Alias Name and the pWWN.

Step 6 Click OK to create the alias.


Adding Members to Aliases

To add a member to an alias using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN as shown in Figure 30-25.

Figure 30-25 Edit Local Full Zone Database Dialog Box

Step 3 Select the member(s) you want to add from the Fabric pane (see Figure 30-25) and click Add to Alias or click the alias where you want to add members and click the Insert icon.

You see the Add Member to Alias dialog box shown in Figure 30-26.

Figure 30-26 Add Member to Alias Dialog Box


Note The Device Alias radio button is visible only if device alias is in enhanced mode. For more information, see "Creating a Device Alias" section on page 31-6.


Step 4 Click the browse button and select a port name or check the LUN check box and click the browse button to configure LUNs.

Step 5 Click Add to add the member to the alias.


Converting Zone Members to pWWN-based Members

You can convert zone and alias members from switch port or FC ID based membership to pWWN-based membership. You can use this feature to convert to pWWN so that your zone configuration does not change if a card or switch is changed in your fabric.

To convert switch port and FC ID members to pWWN members using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Click the zone you want to convert.

Step 4 Choose Tools > Convert Switch Port/FCID members to By pWWN.

You see the conversion dialog box, listing all members that will be converted.

Step 5 Verify the changes and click Continue Conversion.

Step 6 Click Yes in the confirmation dialog box to convert that member to pWWN-based membership.



Note If one zone set is active and you activate another zone set, the currently active zone set is automatically deactivated.




Tip You do not have to copy the running configuration to the startup configuration to store the active zone set. However, you need to copy the running configuration to the startup configuration to explicitly store full zone sets. It is not available across switch resets.



Caution If you deactivate the active zone set in a VSAN that is also configured for IVR, the active IVR zone set (IVZS) is also deactivated and all IVR traffic to and from the switch is stopped. This deactivation can disrupt traffic in more than one VSAN. Before deactivating the active zone set, check the active zone analysis for the VSAN . To reactivate the IVZS, you must reactivate the regular zone set (see the "Configuring IVR Zones and IVR Zone Sets" section on page 29-23).


Caution If the currently active zone set contains IVR zones, activating the zone set from a switch where IVR is not enabled disrupts IVR traffic to and from that VSAN. We strongly recommend that you always activate the zone set from an IVR-enabled switch to avoid disrupting IVR traffic.


Note The pWWN of the virtual target does not appear in the zoning end devices database in Fabric Manager. If you want to zone the virtual device with a pWWN, you must enter it in the Add Member to Zone dialog box when creating a zone. However, if the device alias is in enhanced mode, the virtual device names appear in the device alias database in the Fabric Manager zoning window. In this case, users can choose to select either the device alias name or enter the pWWN in the Add Member to Zone dialog box.

For more information, see the "Adding Zone Members" section.



Note Set the device alias mode to enhanced when using SDV (because the pWWN of a virtual device could change).

For example, SDV is enabled on a switch and a virtual device is defined. SDV assigns a pWWN for the virtual device, and it is zoned based on the pWWN in a zone. If you later disable SDV, this configuration is lost. If you reenable SDV and create the virtual device using the same name, there is no guarantee that it will get the same pWWN again. Hence, you would have to rezone the pWWN-based zone. However, if you perform zoning based on the device-alias name, there are no configuration changes required if or when the pWWN changes.

Be sure you understand how device alias modes work before enabling them. Refer to Chapter 31, "Distributing Device Alias Services" for details and requirements about device alias modes.


Zone Enforcement

Zoning can be enforced in two ways: soft and hard. Each end device (N port or NL port) discovers other devices in the fabric by querying the name server. When a device logs in to the name server, the name server returns the list of other devices that can be accessed by the querying device. If an Nx port does not know about the FC IDs of other devices outside its zone, it cannot access those devices.

In soft zoning, zoning restrictions are applied only during interaction between the name server and the end device. If an end device somehow knows the FC ID of a device outside its zone, it can access that device.

Hard zoning is enforced by the hardware on each frame sent by an Nx port. As frames enter the switch, source-destination IDs are compared with permitted combinations to allow the frame at wirespeed. Hard zoning is applied to all forms of zoning.


Note Hard zoning enforces zoning restrictions on every frame, and prevents unauthorized access.


Switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family support both hard and soft zoning.

Zone Set Distribution

You can distribute full zone sets using one of two methods: one-time distribution or full zone set distribution. Table 30-1 lists the differences between these distribution methods.

Table 30-1 Zone Set Distribution Differences 

One-Time Distribution
 
Full Zone Set Distribution
 

Distributes the full zone set immediately.

Does not distribute the full zone set immediately.

Does not distribute the full zone set information along with the active zone set during activation, deactivation, or merge process.

Remembers to distribute the full zone set information along with the active zone set during activation, deactivation, and merge processes.


This section describes zone set distribution and includes the following topics:

Enabling Full Zone Set Distribution

Enabling a One-Time Distribution

About Recovering from Link Isolation

Importing and Exporting Zone Sets

Enabling Full Zone Set Distribution

All switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family distribute active zone sets when new E port links come up or when a new zone set is activated in a VSAN. The zone set distribution takes effect while sending merge requests to the adjacent switch or while activating a zone set.

To enable full zone set and active zone set distribution to all switches on a per VSAN basis using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Expand a VSAN and select a zone set in the Logical Domains pane.

You see the zone set configuration in the Information pane. The Active Zones tab is the default.

Step 2 Click the Policies tab.

You see the configured policies for the zone (see Figure 30-27).

Figure 30-27 Configured Policies for the Zone

Step 3 In the Propagation column, choose fullZoneset from the drop-down menu.

Step 4 Click Apply Changes to propagate the full zone set.


Enabling a One-Time Distribution

You can perform a one-time distribution of inactive, unmodified zone sets throughout the fabric. To propagate a one-time distribution of the full zone set using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box.

Step 2 Click the appropriate zone from the list in the left pane.

Step 3 Click Distribute to distribute the full zone set across the fabric.


This procedure only distributes the full zone set information; it does not save the information to the startup configuration. You must explicitly save the running configuration to the startup configuration issue the to save the full zone set information to the startup configuration.


Note The one-time distribution of the full zone set is supported in interop 2 and interop 3 modes, not in interop 1 mode.


About Recovering from Link Isolation

When two switches in a fabric are merged using a TE or E port, these TE and E ports may become isolated when the active zone set databases are different between the two switches or fabrics. When a TE port or an E port become isolated, you can recover that port from its isolated state using one of three options:

Import the neighboring switch's active zone set database and replace the current active zone set (see Figure 30-28).

Export the current database to the neighboring switch.

Manually resolve the conflict by editing the full zone set, activating the corrected zone set, and then bringing up the link.

Figure 30-28 Importing and Exporting the Database

Importing and Exporting Zone Sets

To import or export the zone set information from or to an adjacent switch using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Tools > Zone Merge Fail Recovery.

You see the Zone Merge Failure Recovery dialog box shown in Figure 30-29.

Figure 30-29 Zone Merge Failure Recovery Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the Import Active Zoneset or the Export Active Zoneset radio button.

Step 3 Select the switch from which to import or export the zone set information from the drop-down list.

Step 4 Select the VSAN from which to import or export the zone set information from the drop-down list.

Step 5 Select the interface to use for the import process.

Step 6 Click OK to import or export the active zone set.



Note Issue the import and export from a single switch. Importing from one switch and exporting from another switch can lead to isolation again.


Zone Set Duplication

You can make a copy and then edit it without altering the existing active zone set. You can copy an active zone set from the bootflash: directory, volatile: directory, or slot0, to one of the following areas:

To the full zone set

To a remote location (using FTP, SCP, SFTP, or TFTP)

The active zone set is not part of the full zone set. You cannot make changes to an existing zone set and activate it, if the full zone set is lost or is not propagated.


Caution Copying an active zone set to a full zone set may overwrite a zone with the same name, if it already exists in the full zone set database.

This section includes the following topics:

Copying Zone Sets

About Backing Up and Restoring Zones

Backing Up Zones

Renaming Zones, Zone Sets, and Aliases

Cloning Zones, Zone Sets, FC Aliases, and Zone Attribute Groups

Migrating a Non-MDS Database

Clearing the Zone Server Database

Copying Zone Sets

On the Cisco MDS Family switches, you cannot edit an active zone set. However, you can copy an active zone set to create a new zone set that you can edit.

To make a copy of a zone set using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Edit > Copy Full Zone Database.

You see the Copy Full Zone Database dialog box (Figure 30-30).

Figure 30-30 Copy Full Zone Database Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the Active or the Full radio button, depending on which type of database you want to copy.

Step 3 Select the source VSAN from the drop-down list.

Step 4 If you selected Copy Full, select the source switch and the destination VSAN from those drop-down lists.

Step 5 Select the destination switch from the drop-down list.

Step 6 Click Copy to copy the database.



Caution If the Inter-VSAN Routing (IVR) feature is enabled and if IVR zones exist in the active zone set, then a zone set copy operation copies all the IVR zones to the full zone database. To prevent copying to the IVR zones, you must explicitly remove them from the full zone set database before performing the copy operation. Refer to the Chapter 29, "Configuring Inter-VSAN Routing" for more information on the IVR feature.

About Backing Up and Restoring Zones

You can back up the zone configuration to a workstation using TFTP. This zone backup file can then be used to restore the zone configuration on a switch. Restoring the zone configuration overwrites any existing zone configuration on a switch.

Backing Up Zones

To back up the full zone configuration using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN as shown in Figure 30-31.

Figure 30-31

Edit Local Full Zone Database

Step 3 Choose File > Backup > This VSAN Zones to back up the existing zone configuration to a workstation using TFTP, SFTP, SCP, or FTP.

You see the Backup Zone Configuration dialog box shown in Figure 30-32.

Figure 30-32 Backup Zone Configuration Dialog Box

You can edit this configuration before backing up the data to a remote server.

Step 4 Provide the following Remote Options information to back up data onto a remote server:

a. Using—Select the protocol.

b. Server IP Address—Enter the IP adress of the server.

c. UserName—Enter the name of the user.

d. Password—Enter the password for the user.

e. File Name(Root Path)—Enter the path and the filename.

Step 5 Click Backup or click Cancel to close the dialog box without backing up.


Restoring Zones

To restore the full zone configuration using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN as shown in Figure 30-33.

Figure 30-33

Edit Local Full Zone Database

Step 3 Choose File > Restore to restore a saved zone configuration using TFTP, SFTP, SCP or FTP.

You see the Restore Zone Configuration dialog box shown in Figure 30-34.

Figure 30-34 Restore Zone Configuration Dialog Box

You can edit this configuration before restoring it to the switch.

Step 4 Provide the following Remote Options information to restore data from a remote server:

a. Using—Select the protocol.

b. Server IP Address—Enter the IP address of the server.

c. UserName—Enter the name of the user.

d. Password—Enter the password for the user.

e. File Name—Enter the path and the filename.

Step 5 Click Restore to continue or click Cancel to close the dialog box without restoring.


Note Click View Config to see information on how the zone configuration file from a remote server will be restored. When you click Yes in this dialog box, you will be presented with the CLI commands that are executed. To close the dialog box, click Close.



Note Backup and Restore options are available to switches that run Cisco NX-OS Release 4.1(3a) or later.


Renaming Zones, Zone Sets, and Aliases

To rename a zone, zone set, or alias using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN (see Figure 30-35).

Figure 30-35 Edit Local Full Zone Database Dialog Box

Step 3 Click a zone or zone set in the left pane.

Step 4 Choose Edit > Rename.

An edit box appears around the zone or zone set name.

Step 5 Enter a new name.

Step 6 Click Activate or Distribute.


Cloning Zones, Zone Sets, FC Aliases, and Zone Attribute Groups

To clone a zone, zone set, fcalias, or zone attribute group, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Choose Edit > Clone.

You see the Clone Zoneset dialog box shown in Figure 30-36. The default name is the word Clone followed by the original name.

Figure 30-36 Clone Zoneset Dialog Box

Step 4 Change the name for the cloned entry.

Step 5 Click OK to save the new clone.

The cloned database now appears along with the original database.


Migrating a Non-MDS Database

To use the Zone Migration Wizard to migrate a non-MDS database using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Migrate Non-MDS Database.

You see the Zone Migration Wizard.

Step 2 Follow the prompts in the wizard to migrate the database.


Clearing the Zone Server Database

You can clear all configured information in the zone server database for the specified VSAN.To clear the zone server database, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide.


Note Clearing a zone set only erases the full zone database, not the active zone database.



Note After clearing the zone server database, you must explicitly copy the running configuration to the startup configuration to ensure that the running configuration is used when the switch reboots.


Advanced Zone Attributes

This section describes advanced zone attributes and includes the following topics:

About Zone-Based Traffic Priority

Configuring Zone-Based Traffic Priority

Configuring Default Zone QoS Priority Attributes

Configuring the Default Zone Policy

About Broadcast Zoning

Configuring Broadcast Zoning

About LUN Zoning

Configuring a LUN-Based Zone

Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems

About Read-Only Zones

Configuring Read-Only Zones

About Zone-Based Traffic Priority

The zoning feature provides an additional segregation mechanism to prioritize select zones in a fabric and set up access control between devices. Using this feature, you can configure the quality of service (QoS) priority as a zone attribute. You can assign the QoS traffic priority attribute to be high, medium, or low. By default, zones with no specified priority are implicitly assigned a low priority. See the "VSAN Versus Zone-Based QoS" section on page 64-5 for more information.

To use this feature, you need to obtain the ENTERPRISE_PKG license see Chapter 10, "Obtaining and Installing Licenses" and you must enable QoS in the switch (see the "About Data Traffic" section on page 64-4).

This feature allows SAN administrators to configure QoS in terms of a familiar data flow identification paradigm. You can configure this attribute on a zone-wide basis rather than between zone members.


Caution If zone-based QoS is implemented in a switch, you cannot configure the interop mode in that VSAN.

Configuring Zone-Based Traffic Priority

To configure the zone priority using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Expand a VSAN and then select a zone set in the Logical Domains pane.

Step 2 Click the Policies tab in the Information pane.

You see the Zone policy information in the Information pane (see Figure 30-37).

Figure 30-37 Zone Policies Tab in the Information Pane

Step 3 Use the check boxes and drop-down menus to configure QoS on the default zone.

Step 4 Click Apply Changes to save the changes.


Configuring Default Zone QoS Priority Attributes

QoS priority attribute configuration changes take effect when you activate the zone set of the associated zone.


Note If a member is part of two zones with two different QoS priority attributes, the higher QoS value is implemented. This situation does not arise in the VSAN-based QoS as the first matching entry is implemented.


To configure the QoS priority attributes for a default zone using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Choose Edit > Edit Default Zone Attributes to configure the default zone QoS priority attributes (see Figure 30-38).

Figure 30-38 QoS Priority Attributes

Step 4 Check the Permit QoS Traffic with Priority check box and set the Qos Priority drop-down menu to low, medium, or high.

Step 5 Click OK to save these changes.


Configuring the Default Zone Policy

To permit or deny traffic in the default zone using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Choose Edit > Edit Default Zone Attributes to configure the default zone QoS priority attributes.

You see the Modify Default Zone Properties dialog box shown in Figure 30-39.

Figure 30-39 Modify Default Zone Properties Dialog Box

Step 4 Set the Policy drop-down menu to permit to permit traffic in the default zone, or set it to deny to block traffic in the default zone.

Step 5 Click OK to save these changes.


About Broadcast Zoning


Note Broadcast zoning is not supported on the Cisco Fabric Switch for HP c-Class BladeSystem and the Cisco Fabric Switch for IBM BladeCenter.


You can configure broadcast frames in the basic zoning mode. By default, broadcast zoning is disabled and broadcast frames are sent to all Nx ports in the VSAN. When enabled, broadcast frames are only sent to Nx ports in the same zone, or zones, as the sender. Enable broadcast zoning when a host or storage device uses this feature.

Table 30-2 identifies the rules for the delivery of broadcast frames.

Table 30-2 Broadcasting Requirements

Active Zoning?
Broadcast Enabled?
Frames Broadcast?
Comments

Yes

Yes

Yes

Broadcast to all Nx ports that share a broadcast zone with the source of broadcast frames.

No

Yes

Yes

Broadcast to all Nx ports.

Yes

No

No

Broadcasting is disabled.



Tip If any NL port attached to an FL port shares a broadcast zone with the source of the broadcast frame, then the frames are broadcast to all devices in the loop.



Caution If broadcast zoning is enabled on a switch, you cannot configure the interop mode in that VSAN.

Configuring Broadcast Zoning

To broadcast frames in the basic zoning mode using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Expand a VSAN and then select a zone set in the Logical Domains pane.

Step 2 Click the Policies tab in the Information pane.

You see the Zone policy information in the Information pane in Figure 30-40.

Figure 30-40 Zone Policy Information

Step 3 Check the Broadcast check box to enable broadcast frames on the default zone.

Step 4 Click Apply Changes to save these changes.


About LUN Zoning

Logical unit number (LUN) zoning is a feature specific to switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family.


Caution LUN zoning can only be implemented in Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches. If LUN zoning is implemented in a switch, you cannot configure the interop mode in that switch.

A storage device can have multiple LUNs behind it. If the device port is part of a zone, a member of the zone can access any LUN in the device. With LUN zoning, you can restrict access to specific LUNs associated with a device.


Note When LUN 0 is not included within a zone, then, as per standards requirements, control traffic to LUN 0 (for example, REPORT_LUNS, INQUIRY) is supported, but data traffic to LUN 0 (for example, READ, WRITE) is denied.


Host H1 can access LUN 2 in S1 and LUN 0 in S2. It cannot access any other LUNs in S1 or S2.

Host H2 can access LUNs 1 and 3 in S1 and only LUN 1 in S2. It cannot access any other LUNs in S1 or S2.


Note Unzoned LUNs automatically become members of the default zone.


Figure 30-41 shows a LUN-based zone example.

Figure 30-41 LUN Zoning Access

Configuring a LUN-Based Zone

To configure a LUN-based zone using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Click the zone where you want to add members and click the Insert icon.

You see the Add Member to Zone dialog box shown in Figure 30-42.

Figure 30-42 Add Member to Zone Dialog Box

Step 4 Click either the WWN or FCID radio button from the Zone By options to create a LUN-based zone.

Step 5 Check the LUN check box and click the browse button to configure LUNs.

Step 6 Click Add to add this LUN-based zone.


Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems

LUN masking and mapping restricts server access to specific LUNs. If LUN masking is enabled on a storage subsystem and if you want to perform additional LUN zoning in a Cisco MDS 9000 Family switch, obtain the LUN number for each host bus adapter (HBA) from the storage subsystem and then configure the LUN-based zone procedure provided in the "Configuring a LUN-Based Zone" section.


Note Refer to the relevant user manuals to obtain the LUN number for each HBA.



Caution If you make any errors when assigning LUNs, you might lose data.

About Read-Only Zones

By default, an initiator has both read and write access to the target's media when they are members of the same Fibre Channel zone. The read-only zone feature allows members to have only read access to the media within a read-only Fibre Channel zone.

You can also configure LUN zones as read-only zones.

Any zone can be identified as a read-only zone. By default all zones have read-write permission unless explicitly configured as a read-only zone.

Follow these guidelines when configuring read-only zones:

If read-only zones are implemented, the switch prevents write access to user data within the zone.

If two members belong to a read-only zone and to a read-write zone, the read-only zone takes priority and write access is denied.

LUN zoning can only be implemented in Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches. If LUN zoning is implemented in a switch, you cannot configure interop mode in that switch.

Read-only volumes are not supported by some operating system and file system combinations (for example, Windows NT or Windows 2000 and NTFS file system). Volumes within read-only zones are not available to such hosts. However, if these hosts are already booted when the read-only zones are activated, then read-only volumes are available to those hosts.

The read-only zone feature behaves as designed if either the FAT16 or FAT32 file system is used with the previously mentioned Windows operating systems.

Configuring Read-Only Zones

To configure read-only zones using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Edit Local Full Zone Database.

You see the Select VSAN dialog box.

Step 2 Select a VSAN and click OK.

You see the Edit Local Full Zone Database dialog box for the selected VSAN.

Step 3 Click Zones in the left pane and click the Insert icon to add a zone.

You see the Create Zone Dialog Box as shown in Figure 30-43.

Figure 30-43 Create Zone Dialog Box

Step 4 Check the Read Only check box to create a read-only zone.

Step 5 Click OK.



Note To configure the read-only option for a default zone, see "Configuring the Default Zone Policy" section.


Displaying Zone Information

To view zone information and statistics using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Expand a VSAN and select a zone set in the Logical Domains pane.

You see the zone configuration in the Information pane.

Step 2 Click the Read Only Violations, Statistics tab, or LUN Zoning Statistics tab to view statistics for the selected zone.


Enhanced Zoning

The zoning feature complies with the FC-GS-4 and FC-SW-3 standards. Both standards support the basic zoning functionalities explained in the previous section and the enhanced zoning functionalities described in this section.

This section includes the following topics:

About Enhanced Zoning

Changing from Basic Zoning to Enhanced Zoning

Changing from Enhanced Zoning to Basic Zoning

Enabling Enhanced Zoning

Creating Attribute Groups

Merging the Database

Analyzing a Zone Merge

Configuring Zone Merge Control Policies

About Enhanced Zoning

Table 30-3 lists the advantages of the enhanced zoning feature in all switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family.

Table 30-3 Advantages of Enhanced Zoning 

Basic Zoning
Enhanced Zoning
Enhanced Zoning Advantages

Administrators can make simultaneous configuration changes. Upon activation, one administrator can overwrite another administrator's changes.

Performs all configurations within a single configuration session. When you begin a session, the switch locks the entire fabric to implement the change.

One configuration session for the entire fabric to ensure consistency within the fabric.

If a zone is part of multiple zone sets, you create an instance of this zone in each zone set.

References to the zone are used by the zone sets as required once you define the zone.

Reduced payload size as the zone is referenced. The size is more pronounced with bigger databases.

The default zone policy is defined per switch. To ensure smooth fabric operation, all switches in the fabric must have the same default zone setting.

Enforces and exchanges the default zone setting throughout the fabric.

Fabric-wide policy enforcement reduces troubleshooting time.

To retrieve the results of the activation on a per switch basis, the managing switch provides a combined status about the activation. It does not identify the failure switch.

Retrieves the activation results and the nature of the problem from each remote switch.

Enhanced error reporting eases the troubleshooting process.

To distribute the zoning database, you must reactivate the same zone set. The reactivation may affect hardware changes for hard zoning on the local switch and on remote switches.

Implements changes to the zoning database and distributes it without reactivation.

Distribution of zone sets without activation avoids hardware changes for hard zoning in the switches.

The MDS-specific zone member types (IPv4 address, IPv6 address, symbolic node name, and other types) may be used by other non-Cisco switches. During a merge, the MDS-specific types can be misunderstood by the non-Cisco switches.

Provides a vendor ID along with a vendor-specific type value to uniquely identify a member type.

Unique vendor type.

The fWWN-based zone membership is only supported in Cisco interop mode.

Supports fWWN-based membership in the standard interop mode (interop mode 1).

The fWWN-based member type is standardized.


Changing from Basic Zoning to Enhanced Zoning

To change to the enhanced zoning mode from the basic mode, follow these steps:


Step 1 Verify that all switches in the fabric are capable of working in the enhanced mode.

If one or more switches are not capable of working in enhanced mode, then your request to move to enhanced mode is rejected.

Step 2 Set the operation mode to enhanced zoning mode. By doing so, you will automatically start a session, acquire a fabric wide lock, distribute the active and full zoning database using the enhanced zoning data structures, distribute zoning policies and then release the lock. All switches in the fabric then move to the enhanced zoning mode.


Tip After moving from basic zoning to enhanced zoning, we recommend that you save the running configuration.



Changing from Enhanced Zoning to Basic Zoning

The standards do not allow you to move back to basic zoning. However, Cisco MDS switches allow this move to enable you to downgrade and upgrade to other Cisco SAN-OS or Cisco NX-OS releases.

To change to the basic zoning mode from the enhanced mode, follow these steps:


Step 1 Verify that the active and full zone set do not contain any configuration that is specific to the enhanced zoning mode.

If such configurations exist, delete them before proceeding with this procedure. If you do not delete the existing configuration, the Cisco NX-OS software automatically removes them.

Step 2 Set the operation mode to basic zoning mode. By doing so, you will automatically start a session, acquire a fabric wide lock, distribute the zoning information using the basic zoning data structure, apply the configuration changes and release the lock from all switches in the fabric. All switches in the fabric then move to basic zoning mode.


Note If a switch running Cisco SAN-OS Release 2.0(1b) and NX-OS 4(1b) or later, with enhanced zoning enabled is downgraded to Cisco SAN-OS Release 1.3(4), or earlier, the switch comes up in basic zoning mode and cannot join the fabric because all the other switches in the fabric are still in enhanced zoning mode.



Enabling Enhanced Zoning

By default, the enhanced zoning feature is disabled in all switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family.

To enable enhanced zoning in a VSAN using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Expand a VSAN and then select a zone set in the Logical Domains pane.

You see the zone set configuration in the Information pane.

Step 2 Click the Enhanced tab.

You see the current enhanced zoning configuration.

Step 3 From the Action drop-down menu, choose enhanced to enable enhanced zoning in this VSAN.

Step 4 Click Apply Changes to save these changes.


Creating Attribute Groups

In enhanced mode, you can directly configure attributes using attribute groups.

To configure attribute groups, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide.

Merging the Database

The merge behavior depends on the fabric-wide merge control setting:

Restrict—If the two databases are not identical, the ISLs between the switches are isolated.

Allow—The two databases are merged using the merge rules specified in Table 30-4.

Table 30-4 Database Zone Merge Status 

Local Database
Adjacent Database
Merge Status
Results of the Merge

The databases contain zone sets with the same name1 but different zones, aliases, and attributes groups.

Successful.

The union of the local and adjacent databases.

The databases contains a zone, zone alias, or zone attribute group object with same name1 but different members.

Failed.

ISLs are isolated.

Empty.

Contains data.

Successful.

The adjacent database information populates the local database.

Contains data.

Empty.

Successful.

The local database information populates the adjacent database.

1 In the enhanced zoning mode, the active zone set does not have a name in interop mode 1. The zone set names are only present for full zone sets.



Caution Remove all non-pWWN-type zone entries on all MDS switches running Cisco SAN-OS prior to merging fabrics if there is a Cisco MDS 9020 switch running FabricWare in the adjacent fabric.

The merge process operates as follows:

1. The software compares the protocol versions. If the protocol versions differ, then the ISL is isolated.

2. If the protocol versions are the same, then the zone policies are compared. If the zone policies differ, then the ISL is isolated.

3. If the zone merge options are the same, then the comparison is implemented based on the merge control setting.

a. If the setting is restrict, the active zone set and the full zone set should be identical. Otherwise the link is isolated.

b. If the setting is allow, then the merge rules are used to perform the merge.

Analyzing a Zone Merge

To perform a zone merge analysis using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Zone > Merge Analysis.

You see the Zone Merge Analysis dialog box shown in Figure 30-44.

Figure 30-44 Zone Merge Analysis Dialog Box

Step 2 Select the first switch to be analyzed from the Check Switch 1 drop-down list.

Step 3 Select the second switch to be analyzed from the And Switch 2 drop-down list.

Step 4 Enter the VSAN ID where the zone set merge failure occurred in the For Active Zoneset Merge Problems in VSAN Id field.

Step 5 Click Analyze to analyze the zone merge.

Step 6 Click Clear to clear the analysis data in the Zone Merge Analysis dialog box.


Configuring Zone Merge Control Policies

To configure merge control policies, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide.

Compacting the Zone Database for Downgrading

Prior to Cisco SAN-OS Release 3.0(1), only 2000 zones are supported per VSAN. If you add more than 2000 zones to a VSAN, a configuration check is registered to indicate that downgrading to a previous release could cause you to lose the zones over the limit. To avoid the configuration check, delete the excess zones and compact the zone database for the VSAN. If there are 2000 zones or fewer after deleting the excess zones, the compacting process assigns new internal zone IDs and the configuration can be supported by Cisco SAN-OS Release 2.x or earlier. Perform this procedure for every VSAN on the switch with more than 2000 zones.


Note A merge failure occurs when a switch supports more than 2000 zones per VSAN but its neighbor does not. Also, zone set activation can fail if the switch has more than 2000 zones per VSAN and not all switches in the fabric support more than 2000 zones per VSAN.


To compact the zone database for downgrading, refer to the Cisco MDS 9000 Family CLI Configuration Guide.

Default Settings

Table 30-5 lists the default settings for basic zone parameters.

Table 30-5 Default Basic Zone Parameters 

Parameters
Default

Default zone policy

Denied to all members.

Full zone set distribute

The full zone set(s) is not distributed.

Zone based traffic priority

Low.

Read-only zones

Read-write attributes for all zones.

Broadcast frames

Sent to all Nx ports.

Broadcast zoning

Disabled.

Enhanced zoning

Disabled.