Cisco MDS 9000 Family Fabric Manager Configuration Guide
Configuring RMON
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Configuring RMON

Table Of Contents

Configuring RMON

About RMON

Configuring RMON Using Threshold Manager

RMON Alarm Configuration

Enabling RMON Alarms by Port

Enabling 32-Bit and 64-Bit Alarms

Create RMON Alarms in Fabric Manager

Enabling 32-bit RMON Alarms for VSANs

Enabling 32-Bit and 64-Bit RMON Alarms for Physical Components

Creating a New RMON from Device Manager Threshold Manager

Enabling RMON Alarms for VSANs

Managing RMON Events

Managing RMON Alarms

Viewing the RMON Log

Default Settings


Configuring RMON


RMON is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard monitoring specification that allows various network agents and console systems to exchange network monitoring data. You can use the RMON alarms and events to monitor Cisco MDS 9000 Family switches running the Cisco SAN-OS Release 2.0(1b) or later or Cisco NX-OS 4.1(3a) software.

This chapter includes the following sections:

About RMON

Configuring RMON Using Threshold Manager

Default Settings

About RMON

All switches in the Cisco MDS 9000 Family support the following RMON functions (defined in RFC 2819):

Alarm—Each alarm monitors a specific management information base (MIB) object for a specified interval. When the MIB object value exceedes a specified value (rising threshold), the alarm condition is set and only one event is triggered regardless of how long the condition exists. When the MIB object value falls below a certain value (falling threshold), the alarm condition is cleared. This allows the alarm to trigger again when the rising threshold is crossed again.

Event—Determines the action to take when an event is triggered by an alarm. The action can be to generate a log entry, an SNMP trap, or both.

For agent and management information, see the Cisco MDS 9000 Family MIB Quick Reference.

For SNMP security-related CLI configurations, see the "About SNMP Security" section on page 40-1

Configuring RMON Using Threshold Manager

RMON is disabled by default and no events or alarms are configured in the switch. You can configure your RMON alarms and events by using the CLI or by using Threshold Manager in Device Manager.

The Threshold Monitor allows you to trigger an SNMP event or log a message when the selected statistic goes over a configured threshold value. RMON calls this a rising alarm threshold. The configurable settings are as follows:

Variable—The statistic you want to set the threshold value on.

Value—The value of the variable that you want the alarm to trigger at. This value is the difference (delta) between two consecutive polls of the variable by Device Manager.

Sample—The sample period (in seconds) between two consecutive polls of the variable. Select your sample period such that the variable does not cross the threshold value you set under normal operating conditions.

Warning—The warning level used by Device Manager to indicate the severity of the triggered alarm. This is a Fabric Manager and Device Manager enhancement to RMON.


Note To configure any type of RMON alarm (absolute or delta, rising or falling threshold) click More on the Threshold Manager dialog box. You should be familiar with how RMON defines these concepts before configuring these advanced alarm types. Refer to the RMON-MIB (RFC 2819) for information on how to configure RMON alarms.



Note You must also configure SNMP on the switch to access RMON MIB objects.


RMON Alarm Configuration

Threshold Manager provides a list of common MIB objects to set an RMON threshold and alarm on. You can also set an alarm on any MIB object. The specified MIB must be an existing SNMP MIB object in standard dot notation (1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.14.16 for ifInOctets.16).

Use one of the following options to specify the interval to monitor the MIB variable (ranges from 1 to 4294967295 seconds):

Use the delta option to test the change between samples of a MIB variable.

Use the absolute option to test each MIB variable directly.

Use the delta option to test any MIB objects that are counters.

The range for the rising threshold and falling threshold values is -2147483647 to 2147483647.


Caution The falling threshold must be less than the rising threshold.

You can optionally specify the following parameters:

The event-number to trigger if the rising or falling threshold exceeds the specified limit.

The owner of the alarm.

Enabling RMON Alarms by Port

To configure an RMON alarm for one or more ports using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click the FC Interfaces tab.

You see the Threshold Manager dialog box as shown in Figure 59-1.

Figure 59-1 Threshold Manager Dialog Box

Step 2 Choose the Select radio button to select individual ports for this threshold alarm.

a. Click the ... button to the right of the Selected field to display all ports.

b. Select the ports you want to monitor.

c. Click OK to accept the selection.

Alternatively, click the appropriate radio button to choose ports by type: All ports, xE ports, or Fx ports.

Step 3 Check the check box for each variable to be monitored.

Step 4 Enter the threshold value in the Value column.

Step 5 Enter the sampling period in seconds. This is the time between each snapshot of the variable.

Step 6 Choose one of the following severity levels to assign to the alarm: Fatal, Warning, Critical, Error, Information.

Step 7 Click Create.

Step 8 Confirm the operation to define an alarm and a log event when the system prompts you to define a severity event. If you do not confirm the operation, the system only defines a log event.

Step 9 Click More then click the Alarms tab from the Threshold Manager dialog box to verify the alarm you created.

Step 10 Close both dialog box pop-ups.

Enabling 32-Bit and 64-Bit Alarms

To configure an RMON alarm for one or more ports using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click the FC Interfaces > Create tab.

You see the create 32-bit and 64-bit alarm dialog box shown in Figure 59-2.

Figure 59-2 Create 32 and 64-Bit Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the Select radio button to select individual ports for this threshold alarm.

a. Click the ... button to the right of the Selected field to display all ports.

b. Select the ports you want to monitor.

c. Click OK to accept the selection.

Alternatively, click the appropriate radio button to choose ports by type: All ports, xE ports, or Fx ports.

Step 3 Check the check box for each variable to be monitored.

Step 4 Enter the threshold value in the Value column.

Step 5 Enter the sampling period in seconds. This is the time between each snapshot of the variable.

Step 6 Choose one of the following severity levels to assign to the alarm: Fatal, Warning, Critical, Error, Information.

Step 7 Click Create.

Step 8 Confirm the operation to define an alarm and a log event when the system prompts you to define a severity event. If you do not confirm the operation, the system only defines a log event.

Step 9 Click More and then click the Alarms tab from the Threshold Manager dialog box to verify the alarm you created. The 32and 64-bit alarm show second as unit on the Interval column.

Figure 59-3 RMON Threshold Dialog Box

Step 10 Close both dialog box pop-ups.

Create RMON Alarms in Fabric Manager

To create 64-bit RMON alarms using Fabric Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Physical Attributes > Events > RMON tab.

You see the 64-bit alarm dialog box as shown in Figure 59-4.

Figure 59-4 64-Bit Alarm Dialog Box

Step 2 Click the 64-bit alarms tab.

Step 3 Click Create Row tab.

Figure 59-5 64-Bit Alarm Create Row Tab

Step 4 Click the drop-down menu in the Variable field.

Step 5 Choose from the list of MIB Variables provided by the Threshold Manager.

Figure 59-6 MIB Variable Field Dialog Box for 64-Bit Alarms


Note You need to supply the interface details along with variables selected from the drop-down list to complete the Variable field, for example, ifHCInOctets.


Step 6 Click the 32-bit alarms tab.

Step 7 Click the Create Row tab.

Step 8 Click the drop-down menu in the Variable field.

Step 9 Choose from the list of MIB Variables provided by the Threshold Manager.

Figure 59-7 MIB Variable Field Dialog Box for 32-Bit Alarms

Step 10 Click the radio button to choose the RMON alarm to be created (32-bit or 64-bit HC Alarm).

Enabling 32-bit RMON Alarms for VSANs

To enable an RMON alarm for one or more VSANs using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click the Services tab.

You see the Threshold Manager dialog box.

Step 2 Click the Services tab.

You see the Threshold Manager dialog box with the Services tab for 32-bit alarm selecte as shown in Figure 59-8.

Figure 59-8 Services Tab for 32-Bit Alarm Dialog Box

Step 3 Click on the 32-bit radio button.

Step 4 Enter one or more VSANs (multiple VSANs separated by commas) to monitor in the VSAN ID(s) field. Use the down arrow to see a list of available VSANs to choose from.

Step 5 Check the check box in the Select column for each variable to monitor.

Step 6 Enter the threshold value in the Value column.

Step 7 Enter the sampling period in seconds.

Step 8 Choose a severity level to assign to the alarm: Fatal, Critical, Error, Warning, Information.

Step 9 Click Create.

Step 10 Confirm the operation to define an alarm and a log event when the system prompts you to define a severity event.

If you do not confirm the operation, the system only defines a log event.

Step 11 Click More, then click the Alarms tab in the Threshold Manager dialog box to verify the alarm you created.

Enabling 32-Bit and 64-Bit RMON Alarms for Physical Components

To configure an RMON alarm for a physical component for a 64-bit alarm using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click the Physical tab.

You see the Threshold Manager dialog box with the Physical tab for the 64-bit alarm selected as shown in Figure 59-9.

Figure 59-9 Physical Tab for the 64-Bit Alarm

Step 2 Check the check box in the Select column for each variable to monitor.

Step 3 Enter the threshold value in the Value column.

Step 4 Enter the sampling period in seconds.

Step 5 Choose one of the following severity levels to assign to the alarm: Fatal(1), Warning(2), Critical(3), Error(4), Information(5).

Step 6 Click Create.

Step 7 Confirm the operation to define an alarm and a log event when the system prompts you to define a severity event.

If you do not confirm the operation, the system only defines a log event.

Step 8 Click More, then click the 64-bit Alarms tab in the Threshold Manager dialog box to verify the alarm you created (see Figure 59-10).

Figure 59-10 64-Bit Alarm Tab


Note The MaxAlarm option is noneditable because of backend support. The max RMON alarms cannot be set using the CLI.


Creating a New RMON from Device Manager Threshold Manager

RMON does not check the RMON alarm configuration before configuring the switch.

To configure an RMON alarm from Device Manager Threshold Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Physical Attributes > Events > RMON and click the Control tab.

You see the create RMON alarm Threshold Manager dialog box as shown in Figure 59-11.

Figure 59-11 Create RMON Alarm Threshold Manager

A user error is prompted if adding the new alarm exceeds the maximum alarm.


Note This feature is applicable when managing switches Release 4.1(1b) and later. Device Manager can only treat the existing alarm number as 0 for the checking.


Figure 59-12 RMON Control Threshold Tab

Figure 59-13 Device Manager Error Tab

Enabling RMON Alarms for VSANs

To enable an RMON alarm for one or more VSANs using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click the Services tab.

You see the Threshold Manager dialog box.

Step 2 Click the Services tab.

You see the Threshold Manager dialog box with the Services tab selected as shown in Figure 59-14.

Figure 59-14 Threshold Manager Services Tab

Step 3 Enter one or more VSANs (multiple VSANs separated by commas) to monitor in the VSAN ID(s) field. Use the down arrow to see a list of available VSANs to choose from.

Step 4 Check the check box in the Select column for each variable to monitor.

Step 5 Enter the threshold value in the Value column.

Step 6 Enter the sampling period in seconds.

Step 7 Choose a severity level to assign to the alarm (Fatal, Critical, Error, Warning, or Information).

Step 8 Click Create.

Step 9 Confirm the operation to define an alarm and a log event when the system prompts you to define a severity event.

If you do not confirm the operation, the system only defines a log event.

Step 10 Click More, then click the Alarms tab in the Threshold Manager dialog box to verify the alarm you created (see Figure 59-15).

Figure 59-15 List of Threshold Alarms

Step 11 Close both pop-up windows.


Managing RMON Events

To define customized RMON events using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click More in the Threshold Manager dialog box.

Step 2 Click the Events tab in the RMON Thresholds dialog box.

You see the RMON Thresholds Events tab as shown in Figure 59-16.

Figure 59-16 RMON Thresholds Events Tab

Step 3 Click Create to create an event entry.

You see the Create RMON Thresholds Events dialog box as shown in Figure 59-17.

Figure 59-17 Create RMON Thresholds Events Dialog Box

Step 4 Configure the RMON threshold event attributes by choosing the type of event (log, snmptrap, or logandtrap).

Step 5 Increment the index. If you try to create an event with the existing index, you see a duplicate entry error message.

Step 6 (Optional) Provide a description and a community.

Step 7 Click Create, then close this dialog box.

Step 8 Verify that your event is listed in the remaining RMON Thresholds dialog box.

Step 9 Click Close to close the RMON Thresholds dialog box.

Managing RMON Alarms

To view the alarms that have already been enabled using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click More in the Threshold Manager dialog box.

Step 2 Click the Alarms tab.

You see the RMON Thresholds dialog box as shown in Figure 59-18.

Figure 59-18 RMON Thresholds Dialog Box

Step 3 Delete any alarm by selecting it, then click Delete.


Viewing the RMON Log

To view the RMON log using Device Manager, follow these steps:


Step 1 Choose Admin > Events > Threshold Manager and click More on the Threshold Manager dialog box.

Step 2 Click the Log tab in the RMON Thresholds dialog box.

You see the RMON Thresholds Log tab (see Figure 59-19). This is the log of RMON events that have been triggered by the Threshold Manager.

Figure 59-19 RMON Thresholds Log Tab


Default Settings

Table 59-1 lists the default settings for all RMON features in any switch.

Table 59-1 Default RMON Settings 

Parameters
Default

RMON alarms

Disabled.

RMON events

Disabled.