Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
ADSL Support in IPv6
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ADSL Support in IPv6

ADSL Support in IPv6

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) support in IPv6 provides the extensions that make large-scale access possible for IPv6 environments, including IPv6 RADIUS attributes, stateless address configuration on PPP links, per-user static routes, and ACLs.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Restrictions for ADSL Support in IPv6

ADSL and dial deployment are available for interfaces with PPP encapsulation enabled, including PPP over ATM (PPPoA), PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE), PPP over async, and PPP over ISDN.

ADSL Support in IPv6

Address Assignment for IPv6

A Cisco router configured with IPv6 will advertise its IPv6 prefixes on one or more interfaces, allowing IPv6 clients to automatically configure their addresses. In IPv6, address assignment is performed at the network layer, in contrast to IPv4 where a number of functions are handled in the PPP layer. The only function handled in IPv6 control protocol is the negotiation of a unique interface identifier. Everything else, including Domain Name Server (DNS) server discovery, is done within the IPv6 protocol itself.

Contrary to IPv4 address assignment, an IPv6 user will be assigned a prefix, not a single address. Typically, the ISP assigns a 64- or 48-bit prefix.

In IPv6, ISPs assign long-lived prefixes to users, which has some impact on the routing system. In typical IPv4 environments, each network access server (NAS) has a pool of 24-bit addresses and users get addresses from this pool when dialing in. If a user dials another point of presence (POP) or is connected to another NAS at the same POP, a different IPv4 address is assigned.

Addresses for IPv6 are assigned using two methods:

Stateless Address Autoconfiguration

Assigning addresses using the stateless address autoconfiguration method can be used only to assign 64-bit prefixes. Each user is assigned a 64-bit prefix, which is advertised to the user in a router advertisement (RA). All addresses are automatically configured based on the assigned prefix.

A typical scenario is to assign a separate 64-bit prefix per user; however, users can also be assigned a prefix from a shared pool of addresses. Using the shared pool limits addresses to only one address per user.

This method works best for the cases where the customer provider edge (CPE) router is a single PC or is limited to only one subnet. If the user has multiple subnets, Layer 2 (L2) bridging, multilink subnets or proxy RA can be used. The prefix advertised in the RA can come from an authorization, authentication, and accounting (AAA) server, which also provides the prefix attribute, can be manually configured, or can be allocated from a prefix pool.

The Framed-Interface-Id AAA attribute influences the choice of interface identifier for peers and, in combination with the prefix, the complete IPv6 address can be determined.

How to Configure ADSL Support in IPv6

Configuring the NAS

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    hostname name

    4.    aaa new-model

    5.    aaa authentication ppp {default | list-name} method1 [method2...]

    6.    aaa authorization configuration default {radius | tacacs+

    7.    show ipv6 route [ipv6-address | ipv6-prefix / prefix-length | protocol | interface-type interface-number

    8.    virtual-profile virtual-template number

    9.    interface serial controller-number : timeslot

    10.    encapsulation encapsulation-type

    11.    exit

    12.    dialer-group group-number

    13.    ppp authentication protocol1 [protocol2...] [if-needed] [list-name | default] [callin] [one-time] [optional]

    14.    interface virtual-template number

    15.    ipv6 enable

    16.    dialer-list dialer-group protocol protocol-name {permit | deny | list access-list-number | access-group}

    17.    radius-server host {hostname | ip-address} [test username user-name] [auth-port port-number] [ignore-auth-port] [acct-port port-number] [ignore-acct-port] [timeout seconds] [retransmit retries] [key string] [alias {hostname | ip-address}] [idle-time seconds


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 hostname name


    Example:
    Router(config)# hostname cust1-53a
     

    Specifies the hostname for the network server.

     
    Step 4 aaa new-model


    Example:
    Router(config)# aaa new-model
     

    Enables the AAA server.

     
    Step 5 aaa authentication ppp {default | list-name} method1 [method2...]


    Example:
    Router(config)# aaa authentication ppp default if-needed group radius
     

    Specifies one or more AAA authentication methods for use on serial interfaces that are running PPP.

     
    Step 6 aaa authorization configuration default {radius | tacacs+


    Example:
    Router(config)# aaa authorization configuration default radius
     

    Downloads configuration information from the AAA server.

     
    Step 7 show ipv6 route [ipv6-address | ipv6-prefix / prefix-length | protocol | interface-type interface-number


    Example:
    Router(config)# show ipv6 route
     

    Shows the routes installed by the previous commands.

     
    Step 8 virtual-profile virtual-template number


    Example:
    Router(config)# virtual-profile virtual-template 1
     

    Enables virtual profiles by virtual interface template.

     
    Step 9 interface serial controller-number : timeslot


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface serial 0:15
     

    Specifies a serial interface created on a channelized E1 or channelized T1 controller (for ISDN PRI, channel-associated signaling, or robbed-bit signaling).

    This command also puts the router into interface configuration mode.

     
    Step 10 encapsulation encapsulation-type


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# encapsulation ppp
     

    Sets the encapsulation method used by the interface.

     
    Step 11 exit


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# exit
     

    Returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 12 dialer-group group-number


    Example:
    Router(config)# dialer-group 1
     

    Controls access by configuring an interface to belong to a specific dialing group.

     
    Step 13 ppp authentication protocol1 [protocol2...] [if-needed] [list-name | default] [callin] [one-time] [optional]


    Example:
    Router(config)# ppp authentication chap
     

    Enables Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) or Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) or both and specifies the order in which CHAP and PAP authentication are selected on the interface.

     
    Step 14 interface virtual-template number


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface virtual-template 1
     

    Creates a virtual template interface that can be configured and applied dynamically in creating virtual access interfaces.

     
    Step 15 ipv6 enable


    Example:
    Router(config)# ipv6 enable
     

    Enables IPv6 processing on an interface that has not been configured with an explicit IPv6 address.

     
    Step 16 dialer-list dialer-group protocol protocol-name {permit | deny | list access-list-number | access-group}


    Example:
    Router(config)# dialer-list 1 protocol ipv6 permit
     

    Defines a dial-on-demand routing (DDR) dialer list for dialing by protocol or by a combination of a protocol and a previously defined access list.

     
    Step 17 radius-server host {hostname | ip-address} [test username user-name] [auth-port port-number] [ignore-auth-port] [acct-port port-number] [ignore-acct-port] [timeout seconds] [retransmit retries] [key string] [alias {hostname | ip-address}] [idle-time seconds


    Example:
    Router(config)# radius-server host 172.17.250.8 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 key testing123
     

    Specifies a RADIUS server host.

     

    Configuring the Remote CE Router

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    hostname name

      4.    interface bri number . subinterface-number [multipoint | point-to-point]

      5.    encapsulation encapsulation-type

      6.    ipv6 address autoconfig [default

      7.    isdn switch-type switch-type

      8.    ppp authentication {protocol1 [protocol2...]} [if-needed] [list-name | default] [callin] [one-time]

      9.    ppp multilink [bap | required]

      10.    exit

      11.    dialer-list dialer-group protocol protocol-name {permit | deny | list access-list-number | access-group}

      12.    ipv6 route ipv6-prefix / prefix-length {ipv6-address | interface-type interface-number ipv6-address]} [administrative-distance] [administrative-multicast-distance | unicast| multicast] [tag tag


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 hostname name


      Example:
      Router(config)# hostname cust1-36a
       

      Specifies the hostname for the network server.

       
      Step 4 interface bri number . subinterface-number [multipoint | point-to-point]


      Example:
      Router(config)# interface bri 1.0
       

      Configures a BRI interface.

       
      Step 5 encapsulation encapsulation-type


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# encapsulation ppp
       

      Sets the encapsulation method used by the interface.

       
      Step 6 ipv6 address autoconfig [default


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# ipv6 address autoconfig
       

      Indicates that the IPv6 address will be generated automatically.

       
      Step 7 isdn switch-type switch-type


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# isdn switch-type basic-net3
       

      Specifies the central office switch type on the ISDN interface.

       
      Step 8 ppp authentication {protocol1 [protocol2...]} [if-needed] [list-name | default] [callin] [one-time]


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# ppp authentication chap
       

      Enables Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) or Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) or both and specifies the order in which CHAP and PAP authentication are selected on the interface.

       
      Step 9 ppp multilink [bap | required]


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# ppp multilink
       

      Enables Multilink PPP (MLP) on an interface and, optionally, enables Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol (BACP) and Bandwidth Allocation Protocol (BAP) for dynamic bandwidth allocation.

       
      Step 10 exit


      Example:
      Router(config-if)# exit
       

      Exits interface configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

       
      Step 11 dialer-list dialer-group protocol protocol-name {permit | deny | list access-list-number | access-group}


      Example:
      Router(config)# dialer-list 1 protocol ipv6 permit
       

      Defines a dial-on-demand routing (DDR) dialer list for dialing by protocol or by a combination of a protocol and a previously defined access list.

       
      Step 12 ipv6 route ipv6-prefix / prefix-length {ipv6-address | interface-type interface-number ipv6-address]} [administrative-distance] [administrative-multicast-distance | unicast| multicast] [tag tag


      Example:
      Router(config)# ipv6 route 2001:DB8::1/128 BRI1/0
       

      Establishes static IPv6 routes.

      • Use one command for each route.

       

      Configuration Examples for ADSL Support in IPv6

      Example: NAS Configuration

      This configuration for the ISP NAS shows the configuration that supports access from the remote CE router.

      hostname cust1-53a
        aaa new-model
        aaa authentication ppp default if-needed group radius
        aaa authorization network default group radius 
        virtual-profile virtual-template 1
        interface Serial0:15
         encapsulation ppp
         dialer-group 1
         ppp authentication chap
        !
        interface Virtual-Template1
         ipv6 enable
        !
        dialer-list 1 protocol ipv6 permit
        radius-server host 172.17.250.8 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 key testing123

      Example: Remote CE Router Configuration

      This configuration for the remote customer edge router shows PPP encapsulation and IPv6 routes defined.

      hostname cust-36a
        interface BRI1/0
         encapsulation ppp
         ipv6 enable
         isdn switch-type basic-net3
         ppp authentication chap optional
         ppp multilink
        !
        dialer-list 1 protocol ipv6 permit
        ipv6 route 2001:DB8::1/128 BRI1/0
        ipv6 route ::/0 2001:DB8::1

      Additional References

      Related Documents

      Related Topic

      Document Title

      Cisco IOS commands

      Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

      Cisco IOS IPv6 features

      Cisco IOS IPv6 Feature Mapping

      Standards and RFCs

      Standard/RFC

      Title

      RFCs for IPv6

      IPv6 RFCs

      MIBs

      MIB

      MIBs Link

      To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

      Technical Assistance

      Description

      Link

      The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

      http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

      Feature Information for ADSL Support in IPv6

      The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

      Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

      Table 1 Feature Information for ADSL Support in IPv6

      Feature Name

      Releases

      Feature Information

      IPv6 ADSL and Dial Deployment Support

      12.2(13)T

      ADSL and dial deployment provide the extensions that make large-scale access possible for IPv6 environments, including IPv6 RADIUS attributes, stateless address configuration on PPP links, per-user static routes, and ACLs.

      The following commands were introduced or modified: aaa authentication ppp, aaa authorization multicast default, aaa new-model, dialer-group, dialer-list, encapsulation, hostname, ipv6 address autoconfig, ipv6 route, isdn switch-type, ppp authentication, ppp multilink, radius-server host, show ipv6 route, virtual-profile virtual-template.

      IPv6 Access Services: PPPoA

      12.2(13)T

      12.3

      12.3(2)T

      12.4

      12.4(2)T

      ADSL and dial deployment is available for interfaces with PPP encapsulation enabled, including PPPoA.

      IPv6 Access Services: PPPoE

      12.2(13)T

      12.3

      12.3(2)T

      12.4

      12.4(2)T

      ADSL and dial deployment is available for interfaces with PPP encapsulation enabled, including PPPoE.