Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
PPPoE on ATM
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PPPoE on ATM

PPPoE on ATM

This feature module describes the PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) on ATM feature. The PPPoE on ATM feature provides the ability to connect a network of hosts over a simple bridging-access device to a remote access concentrator.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for PPPoE on ATM

Before you can configure PPPoE on ATM, you need to specify a virtual template for the PPPoE sessions using the virtual-template command.

Restrictions for PPPoE on ATM

  • PPPoE is not supported on Frame Relay.

  • PPPoE over ATM AAl5Mux is not supported on ASR series 1000 routers. For more information, refer to the PPPoEoA over ATM AAL5Mux feature: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/bbdsl/configuration/guide/bba_pppoeoa_aal5mux.html

  • PPPoE is not supported on any other LAN interfaces such as FDDI and Token Ring.

  • Fast switching is supported. PPPoE over RFC 1483 fibswitching is supported for IP. All other protocols are switched over process switching.

  • Bridging is supported on the ATM permanent virtual connections (PVCs) running PPPoE.

  • PPPoE is supported on ATM PVCs compliant with RFC 1483 only.

  • Only dial-in mode is supported. Dial-out mode will not be supported.

Information About PPPoE on ATM

The PPPoE on ATM feature provides the ability to connect a network of hosts over a simple bridging-access device to a remote access concentrator. With this model, each host utilizes its own PPPoE stack and the user is presented with a familiar user interface. Access control, billing and type of service can be done on a per-user, rather than a per-site, basis. Before a point-to-point connection over Ethernet can be provided, each PPP session must learn the Ethernet address of the remote peer and establish a unique session identifier. A unique session identifier is provided by the PPPoE Discovery Stage protocol.

The figure below shows a sample network topology using PPPoE on ATM.

Figure 1. PPPoE on ATM Sample Network Topology

PPPoE Stage Protocols

PPPoE has two distinct stage protocols. The stage protocols are listed and summarized in the table below.

Table 1 PPPoE Stage Protocols

Stage Protocols

Description

Discovery Stage protocol

Remains stateless until a PPPoE session is established. Once the PPPoE session is established, both the host and the access concentrator must allocate the resources for a PPP virtual access interface.

PPP Session Stage protocol

Once the PPPoE session is established, sends PPPoE data as in any other PPP encapsulation.

There are four steps to the Discovery Stage:

  1. Host broadcasts a PPPoE Active Discovery Initiation (PADI) packet.

  2. When the access concentrator receives a PADI that it can serve, it replies by sending a PPPoE Active Discovery Offer (PADO) packet to the host.

  3. Because the PADI was broadcast, the host may receive more than one PADO packet. The host looks through the PADO packets it receives and chooses one. The choice can be based on the AC name or the services offered. The host then sends a single PPPoE Active Discovery Request (PADR) packet to the access concentrator that it has chosen.

  4. When the access concentrator receives a PADR packet, it prepares to begin a PPP session. It generates a unique SESSION_ID for the PPPoE session and replies to the host with a PPPoE Active Discovery Session-confirmation (PADS) packet.

When a host wishes to initiate a PPPoE session, it must first perform discovery to identify the Ethernet MAC address of the peer and establish a PPPOE SESSION_ID. Although PPP defines a peer-to-peer relationship, discovery is inherently a client/server relationship. In the discovery process, a host (the client) discovers an access concentrator (the server). Based on the network topology, there may be more than one access concentrator that the host can communicate with. The Discovery Stage allows the host to discover all access concentrators and then select one. When discovery is completed, both the host and the selected access concentrator have the information they will use to build their point-to-point connection over Ethernet.

Benefits of PPPoE on ATM

The PPPoE on ATM feature provides service-provider digital subscriber line (DSL) support. As service providers begin DSL deployments, two of their most significant goals are to ease and facilitate consumer end adoption and to preserve as much of the dialup model as possible. PPPoE serves to advance both of these goals by leveraging ethernet scale curves and embedded base (such as ATM NICs) and by preserving the point-to-point session used by internet service providers (ISPs) in today’s dialup model.

Using a PPPoE client (available from RouterWare), a PPP session can be initiated on an Ethernet connected client through a standard ADSL modem. The session is transported over the ATM DSL link via RFC 1483 Ethernet bridged frames and can terminate either in the LAN emulation client (LEC) central office or the ISP point of presence (POP). The termination device can be an aggregation box such as the Cisco 6400 or a router such as the Cisco 7200 series platforms.

As customers deploy asymmetric DSL (ADSL), they will encounter the need to enable users to access remote-access concentrators via simple bridges connecting Ethernet and ATM networks.

How to Configure PPPoE on ATM

Enabling PPP over ATM

After you configure the Cisco router or access server for Ethernet encapsulation, you must configure the physical interface with the PVC and apply a virtual template with PPP encapsulation to the PVC that it applies to. To configure the physical interface that will carry the PPPoE session and link it to the appropriate virtual template interface, use the following commands:


Note


You can use the virtual-template, sessions per-vc, and sessions per-mac commands in any order.


SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    bba-group pppoe {group-name | global}

    4.    virtual-template template-number

    5.    sessions per-vc limit per-vc-limit [threshold threshold-value]

    6.    sessions per-mac limit per-mac-limit

    7.    exit

    8.    interface atm slot / subslot / port [.subinterface][point-to-point | multipoint]

    9.    ip address ip-address mask [secondary]

    10.    range [range-name] pvc start-vpi / start-vci end-vpi / end-vci

    11.    dbs enable [aggregated | maximum]

    12.    Do one of the following:

    • protocol pppoe group {group-name | global}
    • or
    • encapsulation aal5snap

    13.    create on-demand

    14.    end


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.

     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3 bba-group pppoe {group-name | global}


    Example:
    Router(config)# bba-group pppoe pppoe-group
     

    Defines a PPPoE profile, and enters BBA group configuration mode.

    • The global keyword creates a profile that serves as the default profile for any PPPoE port that is not assigned a specific profile.

     
    Step 4 virtual-template template-number


    Example:
    Router(config-bba-group)# virtual-template 1
     

    Specifies which virtual template will be used to clone virtual access interfaces.

     
    Step 5 sessions per-vc limit per-vc-limit [threshold threshold-value]


    Example:
    Router(config-bba-group)# sessions max limit 1
     

    Configures the PPPoE global profile with the maximum number of PPPoE sessions permitted on a router and sets the PPPoE session-count threshold at which an Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) trap will be generated.

    Note   

    This command applies only to the global profile.

     
    Step 6 sessions per-mac limit per-mac-limit


    Example:
    Router(config-bba-group)# sessions per-mac limit 4000
     

    Sets the maximum number of PPPoE sessions permitted per MAC address in a PPPoE profile.

     
    Step 7 exit


    Example:
    Router(config-bba-group)# exit
     

    Exits BBA group configuration mode and returns to global configuration mode.

     
    Step 8 interface atm slot / subslot / port [.subinterface][point-to-point | multipoint]


    Example:
    Router(config)# interface atm 1/0.1 multipoint
     

    Specifies the ATM interface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

     
    Step 9 ip address ip-address mask [secondary]


    Example:
    Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.0.10.2 255.255.255.0 secondary
     

    Sets a primary or secondary IP address for an interface.

     
    Step 10 range [range-name] pvc start-vpi / start-vci end-vpi / end-vci


    Example:
    Router(config-if)# range pvc 101/304 200/400
     

    Defines a range of ATM permanent virtual circuits (PVCs) and enters ATM range configuration mode.

     
    Step 11 dbs enable [aggregated | maximum]


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-range)# dbs enable
     

    Applies the Dynamic Subscriber Bandwidth Selection (DBS) QoS parameters.

     
    Step 12Do one of the following:
    • protocol pppoe group {group-name | global}
    • or
    • encapsulation aal5snap


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-range-pvc)# protocol pppoe group two


    Example:
    
    
            


    Example:
              


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-range-pvc)# encapsulation aal5snap
     

    Enables PPPoE sessions to be established on a PVC within a range.

    or

    Configures PPPoE autosense.

    • If a PPPoE profile is not assigned to the PVC by using the group group-name option, the PVC will use the global PPPoE profile.

     
    Step 13 create on-demand


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-range)# create on-demand
     

    Configures ATM PVC autoprovisioning, which enables a range of PVCs to be created automatically on demand.

     
    Step 14 end


    Example:
    Router(config-if-atm-range)# end
     

    (Optional) Exits the ATM range configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Creating and Configuring a Virtual Template

    Specifying an ATM Subinterface

    After you create a virtual template for PPPoE on ATM, specify a multipoint or point-to-point subinterface per PVC connection. To specify an ATM multipoint subinterface, use the following commands:

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    interface atm slot / subslot / port .subinterface ] [multipoint| point-to-point]

      4.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Router> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.

       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Router# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 interface atm slot / subslot / port .subinterface ] [multipoint| point-to-point]


      Example:
      Router# interface atm 6/0.110 multipoint
       

      Configures the ATM interface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

      • A multipoint subinterface is recommended for interface conservation. A point-to-point subinterface will greatly restrict the total number of PPPoE sessions you can have.

       
      Step 4 end


      Example:
      Router(config-subif)# end
       

      (Optional) Exits the subinterface configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      Creating an ATM PVC

      Enabling PPPoE on an ATM PVC

      To enable PPPoE on an ATM PVC, use the following commands:

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    interface atm slot / subslot / port [.subinterface] [multipoint | point-to-point]

        4.    pvc [name] vpi / vci

        5.    pppoe max-sessions number-of-sessions [threshold-sessions number-of-sessions]

        6.    protocol pppoe

        7.    end


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Router> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.

         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Router# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 interface atm slot / subslot / port [.subinterface] [multipoint | point-to-point]


        Example:
        Router(config)# interface atm 0/0/0.3 multipoint
         

        Configures the ATM interface and enters the subinterface configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 pvc [name] vpi / vci


        Example:
        Router(config-subif)# pvc 5/120
         

        Creates an ATM PVC and enters ATM VC configuration mode.

         
        Step 5 pppoe max-sessions number-of-sessions [threshold-sessions number-of-sessions]


        Example:
        Router(config-if-atm-vc)# pppoe max-sessions 5 threshold-sessions 3
         

        Sets the maximum number of PPPoE sessions that will be permitted on an ATM PVC, PVC range, VC class, or VLAN, and sets the PPPoE session-count threshold at which an SNMP trap will be generated.

         
        Step 6 protocol pppoe


        Example:
        Router(config-if-atm-vc)# protocol pppoe
         

        Enables PPPoE sessions to be established on ATM PVCs.

         
        Step 7 end


        Example:
        Router(config-if-atm-vc)# end
         

        (Optional) Exits the ATM VC configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

         

        Configuration Examples for PPPoE on ATM

        PPPoE on ATM Example

        The following example configures PPPoE on ATM to accept dial-in PPPoE sessions. The virtual access interface for the PPP session is cloned form virtual template interface 1. On subinterface ATM 2/0.1, ATM PVC with VPI 0 and VCI 60 is configured with Logical Link Control (LLC)/Subnetwork Access Protocol (SNAP) encapsulation and is configured to run PPPoE.

        bba-group pppoe pppoe-group 
         virtual-template 1
         sessions per-vc limit 1
         sessions per-mac limit 4000
        interface atm 2/0.1 multipoint
         ip address 192.0.10.2 255.255.255.0 secondary
         range pvc 1/100 1/202
         pvc 0/60
          dbs enable
          encapsulation aal5snap
          protocol pppoe group two
          create on-demand
        interface virtual-template 1
          ip addr 10.0.1.2 255.255.255.0
          mtu 1492
        

        Where to Go Next

        • If you want to enable PPP authentication on the virtual template using the ppp authentication chap command, refer to the "Configuring Virtual Template Interfaces" chapter in the Cisco IOS Dial Solutions Configuration Guide .

        • If you want to configure an authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) server, refer to the "Configuring per-User Configuration" chapter in the Cisco IOS Dial Solutions Configuration Guide .

        Additional References

        The following sections provide references related to the PPPoE on ATM feature.

        Related Documents

        Related Topic

        Document Title

        Cisco IOS commands

        Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

        Broadband and DSL commands

        Cisco IOS Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Command Reference

        Enabling PPP authentication on the virtual template

        Configuring Virtual Template Interfaces

        Configuring an AAA server

        Configuring per-User Configuration

        Configuring Broadband and DSL

        Cisco IOS XE Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Configuration Guide

        Standards

        Standard

        Title

        None

        --

        MIBs

        MIB

        MIBs Link

        To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS XE software releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

        RFCs

        RFC

        Title

        RFC 1483

        Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5

        RFC 2364

        PPP over AAL5

        RFC 2516

        A Method for Transmitting PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)

        Technical Assistance

        Description

        Link

        The Cisco Support website provides extensive online resources, including documentation and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies.

        To receive security and technical information about your products, you can subscribe to various services, such as the Product Alert Tool (accessed from Field Notices), the Cisco Technical Services Newsletter, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) Feeds.

        Access to most tools on the Cisco Support website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

        Feature Information for PPPoE on ATM

        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

        Table 2 Feature Information for PPPoE on ATM

        Feature Name

        Releases

        Feature Information

        PPPoE on ATM

        Cisco IOS XE Release 2.5

        This feature was introduced on Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers.

        This feature module describes the PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) on ATM feature. The PPPoE on ATM feature provides the ability to connect a network of hosts over a simple bridging-access device to a remote access concentrator.

        The following commands were introduced or modified: bba-group, protocol (VPDN), virtual-template.

        Glossary

        AAL5 --ATM Adaptation Layer 5

        ADSL --Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

        ATM --Asynchronous Transfer Mode

        CPCS --Common Part of Convergence Sublayer

        CPI --Common Part Indicator

        CRC --Cyclic Redundancy Check

        DSLAM --Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer

        FCS --Frame Check Sequence

        IETF --Internet Engineering Task Force

        ID -Identifier

        IP --Internet Protocol

        L2TP --Layer two Tunneling Protocol

        LAN --Local Area Network

        LLC --Logical Link Control

        MAC --Media Access Control

        PDU --Protocol Data Unit

        PPP --Point to Point Protocol

        PPPoE --Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet

        PVC --Permanent Virtual Connection

        VPDN --Virtual Private Dialup Network