Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Release 3S
PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments
Downloads: This chapterpdf (PDF - 1.28MB) The complete bookPDF (PDF - 5.18MB) | The complete bookePub (ePub - 1.08MB) | Feedback

PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

Contents

PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

The IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments feature enables service providers with a limited pool of IPv4 addresses to manage a large number of subscribers and conserve this address pool. A dual-stack environment is one in which service providers have both IPv4 addresses and IPv6 prefixes in their networks. A subscriber requests an IPv4 address, which it releases after a defined time interval. This same address can then be reassigned to any other subscriber, thereby allowing service providers to conserve the available IPv4 address space.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

  • You need to understand authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) and PPP before configuring IPv4 address conservation.
  • A RADIUS server must be configured for centralized AAA.
  • The customer premises equipment (CPE) must support a dual-stack environment and must have the intelligence to trigger the release of any IPv4 addresses not being used by applications at the CPE for a specified interval.
  • The broadband remote access server (BRAS) must be able to send an IPv4 address request from a CPE device to the RADIUS server, a notification to the RADIUS server when an IPv4 address is allocated to the CPE device, and a notification to the RADIUS server when the CPE device releases the IPv4 address.
  • The RADIUS server must be configured to assign only IPv6 prefixes during link control protocol (LCP) authentication, assign only IPv4 addresses when the BRAS sends an address allocation request, and return released IPv4 addresses to the free pool of addresses in response to the BRAS IPv4 address-release notification.

Restrictions for PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

A local IP address pool must not be configured on the BRAS.

Information About PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

A subscriber in the service provider’s network receives an IPv6 prefix from the RADIUS server in the initial authentication access-accept response. The broadband remote access server (BRAS) performs a uniqueness check to ensure that the IPv6 prefix has not been assigned to another subscriber. The BRAS then receives an Internet Protocol Control Protocol (IPCP) request for an IPv4 address from the subscriber. Next, the BRAS adds a number of attributes including the subscriber username and the Cisco vendor-specific attribute (VSA) for IPv4 address saving to the request, and sends this information to the RADIUS server. The VSA information tells the RADIUS server that this is a request for an existing session and the username identifies the subscriber making the request. The RADIUS server then sends an IPv4 address in the access-accept response. The BRAS checks that the IPv4 address that is to be assigned is not being used by any other subscriber. If a duplicate address is found, the session is torn down, otherwise the session is authorized. If the subscriber sends another request for an IPv4 address without terminating the earlier session, the BRAS does not send this request to the RADIUS server; instead, it uses the IPv4 address returned in the previous authorization exchange. When the subscriber terminates the session, the BRAS releases the IPv4 address and resets the authorization flag for this subscriber. This ensures that if the same subscriber requests an IPv4 address again, the request will be forwarded to the RADIUS server.

In addition, we recommend that you configure the following features on the BRAS. For a detailed description of the commands required to configure these features, see the Cisco IOS Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Command Reference.


Note


None of these features are mandatory for the IPv4 address conservation feature to work.


PPP IP Unique Address and Prefix Detection

The PPP IP Unique Address and Prefix Detection feature checks the uniqueness of IPv4 addresses and IPv6 prefixes on the broadband remote access server (BRAS). PPP disconnects the session if it detects a duplicate IPv4 address and IPv6 prefix.

PPP Local NCP Override

The PPP Local NCP Override feature configures the broadband remote access server (BRAS) to track the attributes received in the authorization from the RADIUS server, verifies the permitted Network Control Protocol (NCP), rejects the current NCP, and overrides the local dual-stack configuration.

AAA Delayed Accounting

The AAA Delayed Accounting feature delays the generation of accounting “start” records until the user IP address is established. When this feature is configured, the broadband remote access server (BRAS) sends an accounting “start” record to the RADIUS server when the appropriate network control protocol (NCP) is established.

How to Configure IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

Configuring PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

Before You Begin

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    ppp ip address-save aaa-acct-vsa vsa-string

    4.    end

    5.    debug ppp ip address-save


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1enable


    Example:
    Router> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2configure terminal


    Example:
    Router# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3ppp ip address-save aaa-acct-vsa vsa-string


    Example:
    Router(config)# ppp ip address-save aaa-acct-vsa enable
     

    Enables IPv4 address conservation and defines the vendor-specific attribute value.

     
    Step 4end


    Example:
    Router(config)# end
     

    Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     
    Step 5debug ppp ip address-save


    Example:
    Router# debug ppp ip address-save
    
     

    Displays debugging information for the IPv4 address conservation feature.

     

    Configuration Examples for PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

    Example: PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

    The following example shows how to enable the PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments feature.

    Router> enable
    Router# configure terminal  
    Router(config)# ppp ip address-save aaa-acct-vsa enable 
    Router(config)# end
     

    Additional References

    Related Documents

    Related Topic

    Document Title

    Cisco IOS commands

    Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

    Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL commands

    Cisco IOS Broadband Access Aggregation and DSL Command Reference

    Technical Assistance

    Description

    Link

    The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

    Feature Information for PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

    The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

    Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

    Table 1 Feature Information for PPP IPv4 Address Conservation In Dual Stack Environments

    Feature Name

    Releases

    Feature Information

    PPP IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments

    Cisco IOS XE Release 3.5S

    The IPv4 Address Conservation in Dual Stack Environments feature enables service providers with a limited pool of IPv4 addresses to manage a large number of subscribers and conserve this address pool. A subscriber is allocated an IPv4 address, which it releases after a defined time interval. This same address can then be reassigned to another subscriber that requests an IPv4 address.

    The following commands were introduced: debug ip address-save, ppp ip address-save aaa-acct-vsa.