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Cisco ASA 5500-X Series Next-Generation Firewalls

ASA TCP Connection Flags (Connection build-up and teardown)

Cisco - ASA TCP Connection Flags (Connection build-up and teardown)

Document ID: 113602

Updated: Jul 17, 2012

Contributed by Jay Johnston, Cisco TAC Engineer.

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Introduction

This document provides information about Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) TCP connection flags.

Prerequisites

Requirements

Readers of this document should have knowledge of these topics.

  • Basic knowledge of the TCP Communications Protocol

  • Basic knowledge of the ASA Command Line (CLI)

Components Used

The information in this document is based on ASA version 8.4.

Conventions

For more information on document conventions, refer to Cisco Technical TipsConventions.

ASA TCP Connection Flags

When troubleshooting TCP connections through the ASA, the connection flags shown for each TCP connection provide a wealth of information about the state of TCP connections to the ASA. This information can be used to troubleshoot problems with the ASA, as well as problems elsewhere in the network.

Here is the output of the show conn protocol tcp command, which shows the state of all TCP connections through the ASA. These connections can also be seen with the show conn command.

ASA# show conn protocol tcp 
101 in use, 5589 most used
TCP outside 10.23.232.59:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52419, idle 0:00:11, bytes 0, flags saA
TCP outside 192.168.3.5:80 dmz 172.16.103.221:57646, idle 0:00:29, bytes 2176, flags UIO
TCP outside 10.23.232.217:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52425, idle 0:00:10, bytes 0, flags saA
TCP outside 10.23.232.217:443 inside 192.168.1.3:52427, idle 0:01:02, bytes 4504, flags UIO
TCP outside 10.23.232.57:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52412, idle 0:00:23, bytes 0, flags saA
TCP outside 10.23.232.116:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52408, idle 0:00:23, bytes 0, flags saA
TCP outside 10.23.232.60:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52413, idle 0:00:23, bytes 0, flags saA
TCP outside 10.23.232.96:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52421, idle 0:00:11, bytes 0, flags saA
TCP outside 10.23.232.190:5223 inside 192.168.1.3:52424, idle 0:00:10, bytes 0, flags saA

The next picture shows the ASA TCP Connection flags at different stages of the TCP state machine. The connection flags can be seen with the show conn command on the ASA.

ptn_113602-01.gif

TCP Connection Flag Values

ptn_113602-02.gif

Additionally, in order to view all of the possible connection flags issue the show connection detail command on the command line:

ASA# show conn detail
84 in use, 1537 most used
Flags: A - awaiting inside ACK to SYN, a - awaiting outside ACK to SYN,
       B - initial SYN from outside, b - TCP state-bypass or nailed, C - CTIQBE media,
       D - DNS, d - dump, E - outside back connection, F - outside FIN, f - inside FIN,
       G - group, g - MGCP, H - H.323, h - H.225.0, I - inbound data,
       i - incomplete, J - GTP, j - GTP data, K - GTP t3-response
       k - Skinny media, M - SMTP data, m - SIP media, n - GUP
       O - outbound data, P - inside back connection, p - Phone-proxy TFTP connection,
       q - SQL*Net data, R - outside acknowledged FIN,
       R - UDP SUNRPC, r - inside acknowledged FIN, S - awaiting inside SYN,
       s - awaiting outside SYN, T - SIP, t - SIP transient, U - up,
       V - VPN orphan, W - WAAS,
       X - inspected by service module

Related Information

Updated: Jul 17, 2012
Document ID: 113602