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Cisco ASA 5500-X Series Next-Generation Firewalls

VPN Client and AnyConnect Client Access to Local LAN Configuration Example

Document ID: 70847

Updated: Aug 08, 2014

Contributed by Gustavo Medina and Atri Basu, Cisco TAC Engineers.

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Introduction

This document describes how to allow the Cisco VPN Client or the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client to only access their local LAN while tunneled into a Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) 5500 Series or the ASA 5500-X Series. This configuration allows Cisco VPN Clients or the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client secure access to corporate resources via IPsec, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), or Internet Key Exchange Version 2 (IKEv2) and still gives the client the ability to carry out activities such as printing where the client is located. If it is permitted, traffic destined for the Internet is still tunneled to the ASA.

Note: This is not a configuration for split tunneling, where the client has unencrypted access to the Internet while connected to the ASA or PIX. Refer to PIX/ASA 7.x: Allow Split Tunneling for VPN Clients on the ASA Configuration Example for information on how to configure split tunneling on the ASA.

Prerequisites

Requirements

This document assumes that a functional remote access VPN configuration already exists on the ASA.

Refer to PIX/ASA 7.x as a Remote VPN Server using ASDM Configuration Example for the Cisco VPN Client if one is not already configured.

Refer to ASA 8.x VPN Access with the AnyConnect SSL VPN Client Configuration Example for the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client if one is not already configured.

Components Used

The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions:

  • Cisco ASA 5500 Series Version 9(2)1
  • Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM) Version 7.1(6)
  • Cisco VPN Client Version 5.0.07.0440
  • Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Version 3.1.05152

The information in this document was created from the devices in a specific lab environment. All of the devices used in this document started with a cleared (default) configuration. If your network is live, make sure that you understand the potential impact of any command.

Network Diagram

The client is located on a typical Small Office / Home Office (SOHO) network and connects across the Internet to the main office.

Background Information

Unlike a classic split tunneling scenario in which all Internet traffic is sent unencrypted, when you enable local LAN access for VPN clients, it permits those clients to communicate unencrypted with only devices on the network on which they are located. For example, a client that is allowed local LAN access while connected to the ASA from home is able to print to its own printer but not to access the Internet without first sending the traffic over the tunnel.

An access list is used in order to allow local LAN access in much the same way that split tunneling is configured on the ASA. However, instead of defining which networks should be encrypted, the access list in this case defines which networks should not be encrypted. Also, unlike the split tunneling scenario, the actual networks in the list do not need to be known. Instead, the ASA supplies a default network of 0.0.0.0/255.255.255.255, which is understood to mean the local LAN of the client.

Note: When the client is connected and configured for local LAN access, you cannot print or browse by name on the local LAN. However, you can browse or print by IP address. See the Troubleshoot section of this document for more information as well as workarounds for this situation.

Configure Local LAN Access for VPN Clients or the AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client

Complete these tasks in order to allow Cisco VPN Clients or Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Clients access to their local LAN while connected to the ASA:

Configure the ASA via the ASDM

Complete these steps in the ASDM in order to allow VPN Clients to have local LAN access while connected to the ASA:

  1. Choose Configuration > Remote Access VPN > Network (Client) Access > Group Policy and select the Group Policy in which you wish to enable local LAN access. Then click Edit.



  2. Go to Advanced > Split Tunneling.



  3. Uncheck the Inherit box for Policy and choose Exclude Network List Below.



  4. Uncheck the Inherit box for Network List and then click Manage in order to launch the Access Control List (ACL) Manager.



  5. Within the ACL Manager, choose Add > Add ACL... in order to create a new access list.



  6. Provide a name for the ACL and click OK.



  7. Once the ACL is created, choose Add > Add ACE... in order to add an Access Control Entry (ACE).



  8. Define the ACE that corresponds to the local LAN of the client.

    1. Choose Permit.
    2. Choose an IP Address of 0.0.0.0
    3. Choose a Netmask of /32.
    4. (Optional) Provide a description.
    5. Click OK.



  9. Click OK in order to exit the ACL Manager.



  10. Be sure that the ACL you just created is selected for the Split Tunnel Network List.



  11. Click OK in order to return to the Group Policy configuration.



  12. Click Apply and then Send (if required) in order to send the commands to the ASA.

Configure the ASA via CLI

Rather than use the ASDM, you can complete these steps in the ASA CLI in order to allow VPN Clients to have local LAN access while connected to the ASA:

  1. Enter configuration mode.

    ciscoasa>enable
    Password:
    ciscoasa#configure terminal
    ciscoasa(config)#


  2. Create the access list in order to allow local LAN access.

    ciscoasa(config)#access-list Local_LAN_Access remark Client Local LAN Access
    ciscoasa(config)#access-list Local_LAN_Access standard permit host 0.0.0.0


  3. Enter the Group Policy configuration mode for the policy that you wish to modify.

    ciscoasa(config)#group-policy hillvalleyvpn attributes
    ciscoasa(config-group-policy)#


  4. Specify the split tunnel policy. In this case, the policy is excludespecified.

    ciscoasa(config-group-policy)#split-tunnel-policy excludespecified


  5. Specify the split tunnel access list. In this case, the list is Local_LAN_Access.

    ciscoasa(config-group-policy)#split-tunnel-network-list value Local_LAN_Access


  6. Issue this command:

    ciscoasa(config)#tunnel-group hillvalleyvpn general-attributes


  7. Associate the group policy with the tunnel group

    ciscoasa(config-tunnel-ipsec)# default-group-policy hillvalleyvpn


  8. Exit the two configuration modes.

    ciscoasa(config-group-policy)#exit
    ciscoasa(config)#exit
    ciscoasa#


  9. Save the configuration to non-volatile RAM (NVRAM) and press Enter when prompted to specify the source filename.

    ciscoasa#copy running-config startup-config

    Source filename [running-config]?
    Cryptochecksum: 93bb3217 0f60bfa4 c36bbb29 75cf714a

    3847 bytes copied in 3.470 secs (1282 bytes/sec)
    ciscoasa#

Configure the Cisco VPN Client

Complete these steps in the VPN Client in order to allow the client to have local LAN access while connected to the ASA.

  1. Choose your current connection entry and click Modify.



  2. Go to the Transport tab and check Allow Local LAN Access. Click Save when you are done.

Configure the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client

In order to configure the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client, refer to the Establish the SSL VPN Connection with SVC section of ASA 8.x : Allow Split Tunneling for AnyConnect VPN Client on the ASA Configuration Example.

Split-exclude tunneling requires that you enable AllowLocalLanAccess in the AnyConnect Client. All split-exclude tunneling is regarded as local LAN access. In order to use the exclude feature of split-tunneling, you must enable the AllowLocalLanAccess preference in the AnyConnect VPN Client preferences. By default, local LAN access is disabled. 

In order to allow local LAN access, and therefore split-exclude tunneling, a network administrator can enable it in the profile or users can enable it in their preferences settings (see the image in the next section). In order to allow local LAN access, a user selects the Allow Local LAN access check box if split-tunneling is enabled on the secure gateway and is configured with the split-tunnel-policy exclude specified policy. In addition, you can configure the VPN Client Profile if local LAN access is allowed with <LocalLanAccess UserControllable="true">true</LocalLanAccess>.

User Preferences

Here are the selections you should make in the Preferences tab on the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client in order to allow local LAN access.

XML Profile Example

Here is an example of how to configure the VPN Client Profile with XML.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<AnyConnectProfile xmlns="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/encoding/"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/encoding/ AnyConnectProfile.xsd">
<ClientInitialization>
<UseStartBeforeLogon UserControllable="true">false</UseStartBeforeLogon>
<AutomaticCertSelection UserControllable="true">false</AutomaticCertSelection>
<ShowPreConnectMessage>false</ShowPreConnectMessage>
<CertificateStore>All</CertificateStore>
<CertificateStoreOverride>false</CertificateStoreOverride>
<ProxySettings>Native</ProxySettings>
<AllowLocalProxyConnections>true</AllowLocalProxyConnections>
<AuthenticationTimeout>12</AuthenticationTimeout>
<AutoConnectOnStart UserControllable="true">false</AutoConnectOnStart>
<MinimizeOnConnect UserControllable="true">true</MinimizeOnConnect>
<LocalLanAccess UserControllable="true">true</LocalLanAccess>
<ClearSmartcardPin UserControllable="true">true</ClearSmartcardPin>
<IPProtocolSupport>IPv4,IPv6</IPProtocolSupport>
<AutoReconnect UserControllable="false">true
<AutoReconnectBehavior UserControllable="false">DisconnectOnSuspend
</AutoReconnectBehavior>
</AutoReconnect>
<AutoUpdate UserControllable="false">true</AutoUpdate>
<RSASecurIDIntegration UserControllable="false">Automatic
</RSASecurIDIntegration>
<WindowsLogonEnforcement>SingleLocalLogon</WindowsLogonEnforcement>
<WindowsVPNEstablishment>LocalUsersOnly</WindowsVPNEstablishment>
<AutomaticVPNPolicy>false</AutomaticVPNPolicy>
<PPPExclusion UserControllable="false">Disable
<PPPExclusionServerIP UserControllable="false"></PPPExclusionServerIP>
</PPPExclusion>
<EnableScripting UserControllable="false">false</EnableScripting>
<EnableAutomaticServerSelection UserControllable="false">false
<AutoServerSelectionImprovement>20</AutoServerSelectionImprovement>
<AutoServerSelectionSuspendTime>4</AutoServerSelectionSuspendTime>
</EnableAutomaticServerSelection>
<RetainVpnOnLogoff>false
</RetainVpnOnLogoff>
</ClientInitialization>
</AnyConnectProfile>

Verify

Complete the steps in these sections in order to verify your configuration.

Connect with the VPN Client or the Secure Mobility Client

Connect your VPN Client to the ASA in order to verify your configuration.

  1. Choose your connection entry from the list and click Connect.



  2. Choose Status > Statistics... in order to display the Tunnel Details window where you can inspect the particulars of the tunnel and see the traffic flow. You can also see that Local LAN is enabled in the Transport section.



  3. Click the Route Details tab in order to see the routes to which the VPN Client still has local access.

    In this example, the VPN Client is allowed local LAN access to 192.168.0.0/24 while all other traffic is encrypted and sent across the tunnel.

Connect your Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client to the ASA in order to verify your configuration.

  1. Choose your connection entry from the server list and click Connect.



  2. Choose Advanced Window for All Components >  Statistics... in order to display the Tunnel Mode. 



  3. Click the Route Details tab in order to see the routes to which the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client still has local access.

    In this example, the client is allowed local LAN access to 10.150.52.0/22 and 169.254.0.0/16 while all other traffic is encrypted and sent across the tunnel.

View the VPN Client Log or DART for Secure Mobility Client

When you examine the VPN Client log, you can determine whether or not the parameter that allows local LAN access is set. In order to view the log, click the Log tab in the VPN Client. Then click Log Settings in order to adjust what is logged. In this example, IKE is set to 3- High while all other log elements are set to 1 - Low.

Cisco Systems VPN Client Version 5.0.07.0440
Copyright (C) 1998-2003 Cisco Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Client Type(s): Windows, WinNT
Running on: 6.1.7601 Service Pack 2

1 14:20:09.532 07/27/06 Sev=Info/6 IKE/0x6300003B
Attempting to establish a connection with 172.22.1.160.


!--- Output is supressed


18 14:20:14.188 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300005D
Client sending a firewall request to concentrator

19 14:20:14.188 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300005C
Firewall Policy: Product=Cisco Systems Integrated Client,
Capability= (Centralized Protection Policy).

20 14:20:14.188 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300005C
Firewall Policy: Product=Cisco Intrusion Prevention Security Agent,
Capability= (Are you There?).

21 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/4 IKE/0x63000013
SENDING >>> ISAKMP OAK TRANS *(HASH, ATTR) to 172.22.1.160

22 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300002F
Received ISAKMP packet: peer = 172.22.1.160

23 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/4 IKE/0x63000014
RECEIVING <<< ISAKMP OAK TRANS *(HASH, ATTR) from 172.22.1.160

24 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x63000010
MODE_CFG_REPLY: Attribute = INTERNAL_IPV4_ADDRESS: , value = 10.0.1.50

25 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x63000010
MODE_CFG_REPLY: Attribute = INTERNAL_IPV4_NETMASK: , value = 255.255.255.0

26 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300000D
MODE_CFG_REPLY: Attribute = MODECFG_UNITY_SAVEPWD: , value = 0x00000000

27 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300000D
MODE_CFG_REPLY: Attribute = MODECFG_UNITY_PFS: , value = 0x00000000

28 14:20:14.208 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300000E
MODE_CFG_REPLY: Attribute = APPLICATION_VERSION, value = Cisco Systems,
Inc ASA5510 Version 9.2(1) built by root on Wed 2-Jun-14 14:45

!--- Local LAN access is permitted and the local LAN is defined.

29 14:20:14.238 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300000D
MODE_CFG_REPLY: Attribute = MODECFG_UNITY_INCLUDE_LOCAL_LAN (# of local_nets),
value = 0x00000001

30 14:20:14.238 07/03/14 Sev=Info/5 IKE/0x6300000F
LOCAL_NET #1
subnet = 192.168.0.0
mask = 255.255.255.0
protocol = 0
src port = 0
dest port=0

!--- Output is supressed.

Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client

When you examine the AnyConnect logs from the Diagnostics and Reporting Tool (DART) bundle, you can determine whether or not the parameter that allows local LAN access is set.

******************************************

Date : 11/25/2011
Time : 13:01:48
Type : Information
Source : acvpndownloader

Description : Current Preference Settings:
ServiceDisable: false
CertificateStoreOverride: false
CertificateStore: All
ShowPreConnectMessage: false
AutoConnectOnStart: false
MinimizeOnConnect: true
LocalLanAccess: true
AutoReconnect: true
AutoReconnectBehavior: DisconnectOnSuspend
UseStartBeforeLogon: false
AutoUpdate: true
RSASecurIDIntegration: Automatic
WindowsLogonEnforcement: SingleLocalLogon
WindowsVPNEstablishment: LocalUsersOnly
ProxySettings: Native
AllowLocalProxyConnections: true
PPPExclusion: Disable
PPPExclusionServerIP:
AutomaticVPNPolicy: false
TrustedNetworkPolicy: Disconnect
UntrustedNetworkPolicy: Connect
TrustedDNSDomains:
TrustedDNSServers:
AlwaysOn: false
ConnectFailurePolicy: Closed
AllowCaptivePortalRemediation: false
CaptivePortalRemediationTimeout: 5
ApplyLastVPNLocalResourceRules: false
AllowVPNDisconnect: true
EnableScripting: false
TerminateScriptOnNextEvent: false
EnablePostSBLOnConnectScript: true
AutomaticCertSelection: true
RetainVpnOnLogoff: false
UserEnforcement: SameUserOnly
EnableAutomaticServerSelection: false
AutoServerSelectionImprovement: 20
AutoServerSelectionSuspendTime: 4
AuthenticationTimeout: 12
SafeWordSofTokenIntegration: false
AllowIPsecOverSSL: false
ClearSmartcardPin: true



******************************************

Test Local LAN Access with Ping

An additional way to test that the VPN Client still has local LAN access while tunneled to the VPN headend is to use the ping command at the Microsoft Windows command line. Here is an example where the local LAN of the client is 192.168.0.0/24 and another host is present on the network with an IP address of 192.168.0.3.

C:\>ping 192.168.0.3
Pinging 192.168.0.3 with 32 bytes of data&colon;

Reply from 192.168.0.3: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255
Reply from 192.168.0.3: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255
Reply from 192.168.0.3: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255
Reply from 192.168.0.3: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255

Ping statistics for 192.168.0.3:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms

Troubleshoot

This section provides information you can use in order to troubleshoot your configuration.

Unable to Print or Browse by Name

When the VPN Client is connected and configured for local LAN access, you cannot print or browse by name on the local LAN. There are two options available in order to work around this situation:

  • Browse or print by IP address.

    • In order to browse, instead of the syntax \\sharename, use the syntax \\x.x.x.x where x.x.x.x is the IP address of the host computer.

    • In order to print, change the properties for the network printer in order to use an IP address instead of a name. For example, instead of the syntax \\sharename\printername, use \\x.x.x.x\printername, where x.x.x.x is an IP address.


  • Create or modify the VPN Client LMHOSTS file. An LMHOSTS file on a Microsoft Windows PC allows you to create static mappings between hostnames and IP addresses. For example, an LMHOSTS file might look like this:

    192.168.0.3 SERVER1192.168.0.4 SERVER2192.168.0.5 SERVER3


    In Microsoft Windows XP Professional Edition, the LMHOSTS file is located in %SystemRoot%\System32\Drivers\Etc. Refer to your Microsoft documentation or Microsoft knowledge base Article 314108 for more information.

Related Information

Updated: Aug 08, 2014
Document ID: 70847