Advanced routing services combined with component monitoring and management come in both modular and fixed form factors.
The Cisco® ASR 1000 Series Route Processors address the stringent route-processing requirements of carrier-grade IP and Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) packet network infrastructures. They are the central control processors that run the network operating system, provide advanced routing capabilities, and also monitor and manage the other components of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Router.
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RPs fall into two main categories:
●Modular Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processors for modular chassis, includingthe ASR 1004, ASR 1006, and ASR 1013 models. These are the Route Processor 1 (RP1; part number ASR1000-RP1) and the second-generation Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 2 (RP2; part number ASR1000-RP2).
●Fixed or built-in Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processors for fixed chassis, including the ASR 1001, ASR 1001-X, ASR 1002, ASR 1002-F, and ASR 1002-X models. ASR 1002 and ASR 1002-F contain an embedded RP1 (part number ASR1000-RP1).
Table 1 lists the characteristics and chassis support of Cisco ASR 1000 RP1 and RP2.
Table 1.ASR 1000 Route Processors
Integrated Route Processors
Modular Route Processors
Integrated in ASR1001 chassis
Integrated in ASR1001-X chassis
Integrated in ASR1002-X chassis
ASR1002 and ASR1002-F (integrated), ASR1004, and ASR1006
ASR1004, ASR1006, and ASR1013
Cisco IOS XE Operating System
Dual core, 2.2GHz
Quad-Core 2.0GHz Processor
Quad-Core 2.13GHz Processor
General Purpose CPU Based on 1.5GHz Processor
Dual-Core Processor, 2.66GHz
4 GB (4x1 GB)
8 GB (4x2 GB)
16 GB (4x4 GB
8 GB default (4x2 GB)
16 GB maximum (4x4 GB)
4 GB default
4 GB default (2x2 GB)
RP1 with 4 GB built in ASR 1002
8 GB default (4x2 GB)
16 GB maximum (4x4 GB)
Built-In eUSB Bootflash
1 GB (8 GB on ASR 1002)
SSD (200G or 400G)
160 GB HDD (optional) & External USB
40 GB HDD and External USB
80 GB HDD and External USB
Features and Benefits
Cisco ASR 1000 Route Processors offer the following embedded features:
●Full range of industry-leading Cisco IOS® Software features and services
●Modular Cisco IOS XE Software support
●Optional redundant-processor and dual Cisco IOS Software support for single-RP solutions to improve network resiliency
●Hard disk drive (HDD), flash drive, and an optional solid state drive (SSD) on ASR1001-X for code storage, boot, configuration, logs, and so on
●USB ports for 1 GB compact flash memory support
●Built-in embedded USB (eUSB) memory support:
◦1 GB on ASR1000-RP1; 8 GB on the built-in RP1 on the Cisco ASR 1002 Router partitioned: 1 GB for bootflash; 7 GB for mass storage
◦8 GB on the built-in RP on the Cisco ASR 1001, ASR1001-X and ASR 1002-X,partitioned: 1 GB for bootflash; 7 GB for mass storage
●Field-replaceable and hot-swappable capabilities with modular RPs for minimal service disruption
●Stratum-3 clock circuitry, building integrated timing supply (BITS) input and output (BITS output available on ASR1000-RP2 and on the chassis of ASR1002-X that has a built-in RP)
●Memory scalability up to 4 GB DRAM on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1,16-GB DRAM on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP 2, and 16 GB DRAM on the Cisco ASR 1001, ASR1001-X, and ASR 1002-X
Many additional features are performed in line with routing, including:
●Building and distributing forwarding information to the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Embedded Services Processor (ESP)
●Implementing session border controller (SBC) setup and teardown and applying per-session policies for voice and video streams
●Offering a portal for stateful firewall policy configuration and distribution to the ESP forwarding engine
●Negotiating and maintaining IP Security (IPsec) authentication, encryption methods, and encryption keys (Internet Key Exchange [IKE])
As the management processor for the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router, the RPs automatically perform the following system management functions:
●Load the operating system software images to all installed line cards upon powering up or through operator commands
●Synchronize the dynamic state conditions for the redundant Cisco IOS XE Software, the route processor, and ESP components
●Perform high-availability failover for redundant solutions
●Provide out-of-band system console and auxiliary ports, USB, and Ethernet ports for router configuration and maintenance
●Allow direct system access through the operating-system kernel if catastrophic Cisco IOS Software failure occurs
●Monitor and manage the power and temperature of system components such as line cards, power supplies, and fans
Table 2 describes features and benefits of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1, RP2, and built-in RP of ASR 1001, ASR1001-X, ASR1002, ASR1002-F and ASR 1002-X
Supports a breadth of IP network services, including quality of service (QoS), MPLS, Layer 2 virtual private network (L2VPN), Layer 3 virtual private network (L3VPN), Application Visibility and Control, Performance Routing (PfR), AppNav infrastructure, Data Center Interconnect, Crypto and IPv6
Provides optional redundant-processor support and dual Cisco IOS Software support for single-route-processor solutions for a highly compact, fully redundant, high-availability solution
Stratum-3 clock circuitry and BITS input ports
Facilitates support of clocking for synchronous services such as SONET and SDH. BITS input ports are available on RP1, RP2 and ASR1002-X only.
Memory scalability of up to 16 GB
Allows pay-as-you-grow scalability so memory can increase as you add more users or features; the scalability offered through memory upgrades includes:
●Additional MPLS VPN routing and forwarding instances
●Feature additions such as SBC and broadband aggregation (BBA)
Solid state drive support
Allows for greater storage area for code storage, boot, configurations, billing, logs, etc.
USB compact flash support
Allows for easier manageability for code storage, boot, configurations, logs, etc.
Offers maximum investment protection and flexibility by allowing customers to upgrade to future Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processors
Note: Cisco ASR 1002, ASR1002-F and ASR 1002-X Fixed Routers (part numbers ASR 1002, ASR 1002-F, and ASR 1002-X, respectively) have an integrated RP1 built into the chassis that is not upgradable.
Note: Cisco ASR 1001, ASR 1001-X, and ASR 1002-X (part numbers ASR 1001, ASR 1001-X, ASR 1002-X) have an integrated RP2 built in to the chassis that is not upgradable.
All platforms use an innovative and powerful processor: the Cisco QuantumFlow Processor (QFP). The QFP combines a high-performance forwarding engine with the service flexibility of the general-purpose processor. It is the industry's first fully integrated and programmable flow processor designed to unify massive parallel processing, integrated quality of service (QoS), and advanced memory management while offering integral service delivery and programmability.
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series consists of eight different routers:
The Cisco ASR 1001, ASR 1001-X, ASR 1002 Fixed (ASR 1002-F), ASR 1002, and ASR1002-X have integrated route processors. The ASR 1004 has a single slot for one route processor. The route processor has a dual Cisco IOS Software option that allows these routers to use the Cisco industry-leading high-availability features, Cisco IOS Software redundancy, Integrated Software Service Upgrade (ISSU), and Nonstop Forwarding (NSF). These features require the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 to have 4 GB of DRAM memory. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 supports Cisco IOS Software redundancy, ISSU, and NSF with its default memory of 8 GB of DRAM. The built-in RP of Cisco ASR 1001, ASR1001-X, and ASR1002-X supports Cisco IOS Software redundancy, and NSF with 4 GB of DRAM default memory on ASR 1001, ASR 1002-X and 8-GB of DRAM default on ASR1001-X.
The Cisco ASR 1006 and ASR 1013 Routers support fully redundant route processors that allow for full route-processor hardware redundancy, ISSU, NSF, and route-processor service upgrades.
Table 3 specifies some of the architectural aspects of the ASR Route Processors.
Table 3.Architectural Specifications
Both the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 and Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 have a single copper (RJ-45) 10/100/1000 management Ethernet port.
For ASR 1001, ASR 1001-X, ASR1002, ASR1002-F and ASR 1002-X, single copper (RJ45) 10/100/1000 management Ethernet ports are built in to the chassis.
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 can support either 2 or 4 GB of synchronous dynamic RAM (SDRAM). Because the card holds 2 SDRAM slots, a route processor with 2 GB can hold two 1-GB dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs), whereas a route processor with 4 GB can hold two 2-GB DIMMs.
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 can support either 8 or 16 GB of SDRAM. Because the card holds 4 SDRAM slots, a route processor with 8 GB can hold four 2-GB DIMMs, whereas a route processor with 16 GB can hold four 4-GB DIMMs.
The Cisco ASR 1001 and ASR1002-X built-in Route Processors support either 4 or 8 or 16 GB of SDRAM. Cisco ASR 1001-X built-in Route processor support either 8 or 16G of SDRAM.
Hard Disk Drive
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 and RP2 have a HDD for code storage, system configurations, and log files. The RP1 provides a 40-GB HDD mounted on the board itself. The RP1 HDD is field-replaceable, but not hot-swappable. The Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 provides an 80-GB HDD that is front-mounted, field-replaceable, and hot-swappable. The Cisco ASR1001, ASR 1001-X, ASR1002, ASR1002-F, ASR1002-X supports built-in embedded USB (eUSB) 8G memory for code storage, system configurations, and log files. The Cisco ASR1001-X supports an optional Solid State Drive and Cisco ASR1002-X supports an optional hard disk drive for additional code storage, system configurations, and log files.
Solid State Drive
The Cisco ASR1001-X supports an optional Solid State Drive for additional code storage, system configurations, and log files.
One USB port is provided on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1, and 2 ports are provided on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2. Both route processors support 1-GB USB Compact Flash memory for the storage and portability of operating system software, system configurations, and log files.
Console and Auxiliary Ports
The Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 and RP2 have built-in console and auxiliary ports. Cisco ASR1001, ASR1001-X, ASR 1002, ASR 1002-F and ASR1002-X have built-in console and auxiliary ports on their respective chassis.
General Product Specifications
Tables 4 and 5 provide specifications of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 and RP2, respectively. Tables 6 and 7 provide specifications of the Cisco ASR 1001 and ASR 1001-X integrated Route Processors, respectively, and table 8 provides Cisco ASR 1002-X RP specifications.
Table 4.Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 Product Specifications
Cisco ASR 1004 and ASR 1006 chassis (Note: The Cisco ASR 1002 chassis comes with the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 built into the chassis.)
(Note: Cisco ASR 1001, ASR 1001-X, and ASR 1002-X (part numbers ASR1001, ASR1001-X, ASR1002-X) have an integrated Route Processor built in to the chassis that is not upgradable)
Cisco IOS XE Operating System, which is based on Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2SR (Please consult your Cisco account representative for additional details.)
Refer to Cisco IOS Software 12.2SR protocol support
●Console port (RJ-45 connector)
●Auxiliary port (RJ-45 connector)
●10/100/1000 Ethernet port (RJ-45 connector)
●Two RJ-48 connectors for BITS input clocks
●Two 1-GB Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2) mini-DIMMs
●Two 2-GB DDR2 mini-DIMMs
●Upgradable memory from 2-GB to 4-GB DRAM
●40-GB HDD (RP1 only)
●1-GB USB Compact Flash memory
●Scalability up to 1,000,000 IPv4 routes or 500,000 IPv6 routes
●BGP RR Scalability up to 5,000,000 IPv4 routes or 3,000,000 IPv6 routes
Reliability and availability
●1 + 1 redundancy in dual-route-processor configuration
●Support for online insertion and removal (OIR)
●Support for NSF and Stateful Switchover (SSO)
●Support for ISSU
●RFC 2737 compliant
●Telnet and Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol (command-line interface [CLI])
●Console port (through the CLI)
●Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
●PWR - Power Green - All power rails are within specifications
●STAT - Status Green - Cisco IOS Software has booted Yellow - BootROM has successfully loaded Red - System failure or during boot process
●ACTV- Active Green - Active route processor
●STBY - Standby Yellow - Standby route processor
●CRIT - Critical Red - Critical alarm or during boot process
●MAJ - Major Red - Major alarm
●MIN - Minor Amber - Minor alarm
●LINK - Management Ethernet link status Solid green - Link with no activity FLASH green - Link with activity Off - No link
●DISK0 - Internal Compact Flash FLASH Green - Activity indicator Off - No activity
●DISK1 - External Compact Flash FLASH green - Activity indicator Off - No activity
●DISK2 - Internal HDD FLASH green - Activity indicator Off - No activity
●CARRIER - BITS interface Off - Out of service Green - In frame and in service Amber - Fault or loop condition
Physical dimensions (H x W x D)
0.92 x 16.7 x 14.19 in. (0.02 x 0.428 x 0.36m)
5.0 lb (2.3 kg)
Approvals and compliance
●UL60950-1 and CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1-03 Information technology equipment
●IEC/EN 60950-1 Information technology equipment
Electromagnetic Emissions Certification
●AS/NZ 3548: 1995 (including AMD I + II) Class B
●EN55022: 1998 Class B
●CISPR 22: 1997
●EN55022: 1994 (including AMD I + II)
●47 CFR Part 15: 2000 (FCC) Class B
●VCCI V-3/01.4 Class 2
●CNS-13438: 1997 Class B
●GR1089: 1997 (including Rev. 1: 1999)
●EN300386: 2000-TNE EMC requirements; product family standard; high priority of service; central office and noncentral office locations
●EN50082-2: 1995-Generic Immunity Standard, Heavy
●EN55024: 1998-Generic ITE immunity standard
●EN61000-4-2: 1995 + AMD I + II ESD, Level 4/8 kV contact, 15 kV air
●EN55022: Information Technology Equipment (Emissions)
●EN55024: Information Technology Equipment (Immunity)
●EN50082-1/EN-61000-6-1: 1995-Generic Immunity Standard
●Storage temperature: -38 to 150°F (-40 to 70°C)
●Operating temperature, nominal: 41 to 104°F (5 to 40°C)
●Operating temperature, short-term: 23 to 131°F (-5 to 55°C)
●Storage relative humidity: 5 to 95% relative humidity (RH)
●Operating humidity, nominal: 5 to 85% RH
●Operating humidity, short-term: 5 to 90% RH
●Operating altitude: -60 to 4000m (up to 2000m conforms to IEC/EN/UL/CSA 60950 requirements)
*Route-reflector numbers were tested with the BGP selective download feature for IPv4 and IPv6 for dedicated RR application. This feature prevents IPv4 and IPv6 BGP routes from being installed in the Routing Information Base (RIB) and Forwarding Information Base (FIB). It reduces memory usage per IPv4 and IPv6 prefix and CPU usage.
Table 9 specifies the system requirements of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 and RP2. For ordering information, refer to Table 10.
Table 9.Cisco RP1 and RP2 System Requirements
●Cisco ASR 1004 or Cisco ASR 1006 Series Router chassis with at least one instance of Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor, one instance of Cisco ASR 1000 Embedded Services Processor, and one instance of Cisco ASR 1000 Series Shared Port Adapter Interface Processor
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1
●4 GB (default for Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1)
Note: Memory is field-upgradable from 2 to 4 GB.
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2
●8 GB (default for Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2)
●16 GB (maximum for Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2)
Note: Memory is field-upgradable from 8 to 16 GB.
Minimum software release
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1
●Cisco IOS XE Software Release 2.1.0
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2
●Cisco IOS XE Software Release 2.3.0
Table 10.Ordering Information
Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 1
Cisco ASR1000 Route Processor 1, 4 GB DRAM
Cisco ASR1000 Route Processor 1, 4 GB DRAM Spare
Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 2
Cisco ASR1000 Route Processor 2, 8 GB DRAM
Cisco ASR1000 Route Processor 2, 8 GB DRAM, Spare
Cisco ASR 1000 RP1 Memory
Cisco ASR1000 RP1 4 GB DRAM
Cisco ASR1000 RP1 4 GB DRAM, spare
Cisco ASR1000 RP1 40 GB HDD
Cisco ASR1000 RP1 40 GB HDD, spare
Cisco ASR 1000 RP2 Memory
Cisco ASR1000 RP2 8 GB DRAM
Cisco ASR1000 RP2 8 GB DRAM, Spare
Cisco ASR1000 RP2 16 GB DRAM
Cisco ASR1000 RP2 16 GB DRAM, Spare
Cisco ASR1000 RP2 80 GB HDD, spare
Cisco ASR1000 RP2 2 GB EUSB+ FLASH, SPARE
Cisco ASR 1000 Series USB Flash Memory Options
1 GB USB Flash Token for Cisco ASR 1000 Series
1 GB USB Flash Token for Cisco ASR 1000 Series, spare
ASR1004 or ASR1006, or ASR1013
Cisco ASR 1000 Series Router chassis (4RU or 6RU, or 13RU)
Cisco ASR 1000 Embedded Services Processor, 40 GBps
Cisco ASR 1000 Embedded Services Processor, 100 GBps
Cisco ASR 1000 Embedded Services Processor, 200 GBps
Cisco ASR1000 SPA Interface Processor 10
Cisco ASR1000 SPA Interface Processor 40
Cisco ASR 1000 Fixed Ethernet Line Card 6x10GE
Cisco ASR 1000 Fixed Ethernet Line Card 2x10GE + 20x1GE
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 ADVANCED ENTERPRISE W/O CRYPTO
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 ADVANCED ENTERPRISE SERVICES
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 ADVANCED IP SERVICES W/O CRYPTO
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 ADVANCED IP SERVICES
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 IP BASE W/O CRYPTO
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP1 IP BASE
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 ADVANCED ENTERPRISE W/O CRYPTO
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 ADVANCED ENTERPRISE SERVICES
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 ADVANCED IP SERVICES W/O CRYPTO
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 ADVANCED IP SERVICES
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 IP BASE W/O CRYPTO
Cisco ASR 1000 Series RP2 IP BASE
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For More Information
For more information about the Cisco RP1, RP2, and the ASR 1000 Series, visit http://www.cisco.com/go/asr1000 or contact your local Cisco account representative.
 This product includes software developed by Cavium Networks.