Installing the CG-DS Substation Workbench Monitoring System (Release 1.0)
Revised: April 13, 2013, 78-21154-01
Installing the CGDS Software Monitoring System
This section presents instructions for configuring the monitoring function of the CGDS - Substation Workbench.
Note This section is applicable only if Customers has opted for the CGDS - Full Life Cycle version, or if customers has opted for CGDS Monitoring along with CGDS Base software
Modern utilities derive a great deal of information about the status of various switch yard components by monitoring data streams produced by these components. Generally, this involves connecting a component to an associated Intelligent Electronic Device (IED), which acts as a transducer, converting the performance and status measurements of the component into a digital data stream. The resulting data streams use one of several formats, DNP3 and IEC 61850 being the most popular.
This data must be transmitted and processed in a timely manner. This requires an effective design. Substation engineers can evaluate their designs by passing real or simulated data through a substation model.
Monitoring the data within CGDS - Substation Workbench requires the installation and activation of the CGDS Network Monitoring capability. Not all implementations of CGDS - Substation Workbench include this capability. This feature is only applicable if the customers has opted for CGDS - Substation Workbench Full Life Cycle version, or if customers has opted for CGDS Monitoring along with CGDS Base software.
Installing the CGDS Monitoring Software
The first step in installing the CGDS Monitoring Software is to locate the distribution disk that has the title: This is available as a CGDS DVD with title: CGDS - Packet Capture, Analysis, and Monitoring. Normally, this disk will be separate from either the CGDS - Substation Workbence Server Software disk, or from the CGDS Client disks, as not all implementations of CGDS - Substation Workbench require it.
Note If you believe that your purchase of CGDS - Substation Workbench should have included the monitoring software but you cannot locate it, please contact the Cisco representative or Cisco Partner that sold it to you.
Determine if Bridge Networking is Enabled
It is important at this point to determine if bridge networking is running in the CGDS server. Bridge networking is the means by which virtual servers and operating systems can connect to the non-virtual (real world) network ports that connect to the outer world.
To determine it bridge networking has been established on a guest server or virtual machine, log in as the root user (administrator) to the virtual machine. Then run the ifconfig command. The resulting display should resemble Figure 1-1. The information shown for interfaces br0 and br1 indicates that bridge networking is operational.
Checking for Bridging Using ifconfig
Once connectivity is assured, open the KVM Hypervisor console.
Creating a New Virtual Machine
In the KVM console, navigate to the Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) using the path:
Application -->System Tools -->Virtual Machine Manager.
Figure 3-2 Navigating to the Virtual Machine Manager in KVM
The Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) will appear.
Creating a New Virtual Machine
In the top, left corner of this window is a tool for creating new virtual machines within KVM. Click the Name button. This will invoke a series of pop up screens through which the new virtual machine can be instantiated.
The first of these pop ups requests you to supply the name of the new virtual machine as well as the source of the installation media (usually a DVD).
Naming the New VIrtual Machine and Specifying the Installation Source
Step 1 Enter the desired name for the new virtual machine in the Name text field.
Step 2 Select the localhost (QEMU/KVM connection.
Step 3 Enter the installation media source by clicking the Local install media (ISo image or CDROM) control.
Click Forward to advance to the next screen.
Selecting the Installation File
Click the control marked Use ISO image. Click the Browse button to indicate its path. This will open the following window:
Select the File Path to the Installation Media
When you locate the correct media, highlight the ISO image name and click Open.
This will open the following window:
Figure 3-7 Indicate the OS Type and Version for the Virtual Machine
Step 1 Select the OS type and version.
Step 2 Enter Linux in the OS Type: dialog box,
Step 3 Enter Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 in the Version: dialog box.
Note The monitoring system for CGDS - Release 1.0 must use Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. If you choose a different selection, such as Linux 5.2 or Linux 6, it will not work.
Figure 3-8 Configure the Virtual machine Memory and CPU Settings
Configure the CGDS Monitor virtual machine settings for Memory size and number of CPUs:
Step 1 Select 2048 MB (2G of RAM
Step 2 Select 2 CPUs
Use the next page to indicate where the virtual machine should create the disk storage space.
Specify the Location for Disk Storage
Browse to the desired location for VM hard disk storage.
This will expose the next window, in which you will set the hard disk size.
Specifiy How Much Storage Space to Allocate to the Monitoring System
Step 1 Using the control outlined in red, set a disk image size of 60.0 GB.
Step 2 Click the Allocate the entire disk now box to format the entire image space.
Step 3 Click the Select managed or other existing storage control
Step 4 Type in or browse to the VM disk location that you set in the previous set.
Note The CGDS monitoring system now an allocated disk size of 60 GB. However, the actual requirement is only 23 GB. The rest is head room.
Use the following screen to review the parameters just set, and to launch the virtual machine creation process.
Figure 3-11 Verify Configured Parameters a
At this screen, check the parameters to make sure they align with your expectations.
Click the Customize configuration before install check box to set it.
Click Finish to confirm the configuration of the new virtual machine.
The next step will create two bridge network connections.
These steps will create two network bridges:
•br0 (slave eth0)
•br1 (slave eth1)
Following, you will configure two network interfaces to work with these bridges:
•NIC0 will have as its Source Device br0; its Device Model will be "virtio"
•NIC1 will have as its Source Device br1; its Device Model will be e1000.
Note These bridges must be created before creating the virtual machine.
Configuring Virtual Network Interfaces (Bridge br0)
Figure 3-14 Configuring Virtual Network Interfaces (Bridge br1)
Launching the CGDS Monitoring System Installation
Once the network bridges are established, launch the CGDS Monitoring System installation by clicking the Begin Installation button in the top right corner of the screen.
Figure 3-16 .
Launching the CGDS - Substation Workbench Monitoring System
The installation will run automatically. Installation progress can be monitored in a Linux console, as shown in the following image:
Figure 3-17 Monitoring the CGDS Monitoring System Installation Process
Final Steps in Configuration
The final steps in configuring the virtual machine which hosts the CGDS Substation Workbench Monitoring System involve creating an Administrator username and password.
Final Configuration of the CGDS Monitoring System
To finish the installation, configure the IP address and Default Gateway:
#ip address 172.27.171.235 255.55.255.128
#ip gateway 172.27.171.129
Next, create a web user with administrative privileges. Set the password to "ciscocisco", Use this command to do so:
#ip http server enable
This completes the installation of the CGDS - Substation Workbench Monitoring System. If you have experienced any difficulties, please consult the CGDS - Substation Workbench Troubleshooting Guide (Document Part Number 78-21157-01).
Accessing the CGDS - Substation Workbench Monitoring System
To access the CGDS - Substation Workbench Monitoring System, follow these steps:
Step 1 In the Client configuration file configure the IP of CGDS Monitoring and then
Step 2 Launch Client and verify by doing "Enable IP Packet" and "IED Packet Decode" option. The system should respond with the screen shots shown.
Figure 3-19 Accessing the CGDS Monitoring System Packet Decoder
Once the installation is complete, you can use the CGDS Monitoring System to perform network analysis on substation data. Start the monitoring system by logging into the server.
Launch CGDS Client and verify by doing "Enable IP Packet" and "IED Packet Decode" option. This should result in the screens shown.
Note The required username and password are configured as part of the CGDS Monitoring System installation. If you do not have them, contact your CGDS Administrator.
Figure 3-20 Traffic Analysis Using the CGDS Monitoring System
With the CGDS Monitoring System installed and functioning, performance statistics are available for the data sampled within the substation model.
Note The IP address in the example above uses the address configured earlier in these instructions. The address may be different in your installation of CGDS - Substation Workbench. If you do not have the correct IP address, contact your CGDS Administrator.
CGDS System Monitor Remote Management
If you want to manage the CGDS - Substation Workbench monitoring system remotely, use these commands to enable telnet or ssh:
•To turn on Telnet:
•To turn on SSH
#exsession on ssh
This completes the installation of the Network Monitoring System portion of the CGDS - Substation Workbench Release 1.0.