authenticate--To prove the identity of an entity using the certificate of an identity and a secret that the identity poses (usually the private
key corresponding to the public key in the certificate).
--Certificate Authority. A CA is an entity that issues digital certificates (especially X.509 certificates) and vouches for
the binding between the data items in a certificate.
--The user manually approves a certificate from a root CA. Usually a fingerprint of the certificate is presented to the user,
and the user is asked to accept the certificate based on the fingerprint. The certificate of a root CA is signed by itself
(self-signed) so that it cannot be automatically authenticated using the normal certificate verification process.
--certificate revocation list. A CRL is a data structure that enumerates digital certificates that have been invalidated by
their issuer prior to when they were scheduled to expire.
--A router receives its certificate via the enrollment process. The router generates a request for a certificate in a specific
format (known as PKCS #10). The request is transmitted to a CA, which grants the request and generates a certificate encoded
in the same format as the request. The router receives the granted certificate and stores it in an internal database for use
during normal operations.
--A data structure defined in International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard X.509 to associate an entity (machine
or human) with the public key of that entity. The certificate contains specific fields, including the name of the entity.
The certificate is normally issued by a CA on behalf of the entity. In this case the router will act as its own CA. Common
fields within a certificate include the distinguished name (DN) of the entity, the DN of the authority issuing the certificate,
and the public key of the entity.
--Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. A LDAP is a protocol that provides access for management and browser applications
that provide read-and-write interactive access to the X.500 directory.