--The running of a data set through an algorithm that reduces the space required to store the data set or the bandwidth required
to transmit the data set.
--The state that the compressor uses to compress a header and that the decompressor uses to decompress a header. The context
is the uncompressed version of the last header sent and includes other information used to compress and decompress the packet.
--A special packet sent from the decompressor to the compressor to communicate a list of (TCP or NON_TCP/RTP) context identifiers
(CIDs) for which synchronization has been lost. This packet is sent only over a single link, so it requires no IP header.
--data-link connection identifier. A value that specifies a permanent virtual circuit (PVC) or switched virtual circuit (SVC)
in a Frame Relay network. In the basic Frame Relay specification, DLCIs are locally significant (connected devices might use
different values to specify the same connection). In the Local Management Interface (LMI) extended specification, DLCIs are
globally significant (DLCIs specify individual end devices).
--A method of wrapping data in a particular protocol header. For example, Ethernet data is wrapped in a specific Ethernet
header before network transit. Also, when dissimilar networks are bridged, the entire frame from one network is simply placed
in the header used by the data link layer protocol of the other network.
--An uncompressed header that updates or refreshes the context for a packet stream. It carries a CID that will be used to
identify the context. Full headers for non-TCP packet streams also carry the generation of the context that they update or
--High-Level Data Link Control. A bit-oriented synchronous data link layer protocol developed by the International Organization
for Standardization (ISO). Derived from Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC), HDLC specifies a data encapsulation method on
synchronous serial links using frame characters and checksums.
--A chain of subheaders.
--Internet Engineering Task Force. A task force that consists of over 80 working groups responsible for developing Internet
--IP Header Compression. A protocol capable of compressing both TCP and UDP headers.
--Integrated Services Digital Network. A communication protocol offered by telephone companies that permits telephone networks
to carry data, voice, and other source traffic.
--Links in a network that are prone to lose packets.
--The sequence of packets whose headers are similar and share context. For example, headers in an RTP packet stream have the
same source and final destination address and the same port numbers in the RTP header.
--Point-to-Point Protocol. A protocol that provides router-to-router and host-to-network connections over synchronous and
--A normal, uncompressed header. A regular header does not carry a context identifier (CID) or generation association.
--Real-Time Transport Protocol. A protocol that is designed to provide end-to-end network transport functions for applications
that transmit real-time data, such as audio, video, or simulation data, over unicast or multicast network services. RTP provides
such services as payload type identification, sequence numbering, timestamping, and delivery monitoring to real-time applications.
--An IPv6 base header, an IPv6 extension header, an IPv4 header, a UDP header, an RTP header, or a TCP header.