IP Routing: OSPF Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE Gibraltar 16.11.x
The documentation set for this product strives to use bias-free language. For the purposes of this documentation set, bias-free is defined as language that does not imply discrimination based on age, disability, gender, racial identity, ethnic identity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality. Exceptions may be present in the documentation due to language that is hardcoded in the user interfaces of the product software, language used based on RFP documentation, or language that is used by a referenced third-party product. Learn more about how Cisco is using Inclusive Language.
The OSPF Shortest Path First Throttling feature makes it possible to configure shortest path first (SPF) scheduling in millisecond
intervals and to potentially delay SPF calculations during network instability. SPF is scheduled to calculate the Shortest
Path Tree (SPT) when there is a change in topology. One SPF run may include multiple topology change events.
The interval at which the SPF calculations occur is chosen dynamically and is based on the frequency of topology changes
in the network. The chosen interval is within the boundary of the user-specified value ranges. If the network topology is
unstable, SPF throttling calculates SPF scheduling intervals to be longer until the topology becomes stable.
Finding Feature Information
Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information,
see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module,
and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature
Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Information About OSPF SPF Throttling
SPF calculations occur at the interval set by the
timers throttle spf command. The wait interval indicates the amount of time to wait until the next SPF calculation occurs. Each wait interval
after that calculation is twice as long as the previous one until the wait interval reaches the maximum wait time specified.
The SPF timing can be better explained using an example. In this example the start interval is set at 5 milliseconds (ms),
the wait interval at 1000 milliseconds, and the maximum wait time is set at 90,000 milliseconds.
timers throttle spf 5 1000 90000
The figure below shows the intervals at which the SPF calculations occur so long as at least one topology change event is
received in a given wait interval.
Notice that the wait interval between SPF calculations doubles when at least one topology change event is received during
the previous wait interval. Once the maximum wait time is reached, the wait interval remains the same until the topology stabilizes
and no event is received in that interval.
If the first topology change event is received after the current wait interval, the SPF calculation is delayed by the amount
of time specified as the start interval. The subsequent wait intervals continue to follow the dynamic pattern.
If the first topology change event occurs after the maximum wait interval begins, the SPF calculation is again scheduled
at the start interval and subsequent wait intervals are reset according the parameters specified in thetimers throttle spf command. Notice in the figure below that a topology change event was received after the start of the maximum wait time interval
and that the SPF intervals have been reset.
How to Configure OSPF SPF Throttling
Configuring OSPF SPF Throttling
router ospf process-id
timers throttle spf spf-startspf-holdspf-max-wait
Command or Action
Enables higher privilege levels, such as privileged EXEC mode.
To verify SPF throttle timer values, use the show ip ospf command. The values are displayed in the lines that begin, "Initial SPF schedule delay...," "Minimum hold time between two
consecutive SPFs...," and "Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs...."
Router# show ip ospf
Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 10.10.10.2 and Domain ID 0.0.0.1
Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
Supports opaque LSA
It is an autonomous system boundary router
Redistributing External Routes from,
static, includes subnets in redistribution
Initial SPF schedule delay 5 msecs
Minimum hold time between two consecutive SPFs 1000 msecs
Maximum wait time between two consecutive SPFs 90000 msecs
Minimum LSA interval 5 secs. Minimum LSA arrival 1 secs
LSA group pacing timer 240 secs
Interface flood pacing timer 33 msecs
Retransmission pacing timer 66 msecs
Number of external LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x17445
Number of opaque AS LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0
Number of DCbitless external and opaque AS LSA 0
Number of DoNotAge external and opaque AS LSA 0
Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa
External flood list length 0
Number of interfaces in this area is 2
Area has no authentication
SPF algorithm last executed 19:11:15.140 ago
SPF algorithm executed 28 times
Area ranges are
Number of LSA 4. Checksum Sum 0x2C1D4
Number of opaque link LSA 0. Checksum Sum 0x0
Number of DCbitless LSA 0
Number of indication LSA 0
Number of DoNotAge LSA 0
Flood list length 0
Configuration Example for OSPF SPF Throttling
Example Throttle Timers
This example shows a router configured with the start, hold, and maximum interval values for the timers throttle spf command set at 5, 1,000, and 90,000 milliseconds, respectively.
The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use
these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products
and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.
Feature Information for OSPF Shortest Path First Throttling
The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists
only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise,
subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.
Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco
Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/go/cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.
Table 1. Feature Information for OSPF Shortest Path First Throttling
OSPF Shortest Path First Throttling
Cisco IOS XE Release 2.1
The OSPF Shortest Path First Throttling feature makes it possible to configure SPF scheduling in millisecond intervals and
to potentially delay shortest path first (SPF) calculations during network instability. SPF is scheduled to calculate the
Shortest Path Tree (SPT) when there is a change in topology.
The following commands are introduced or modified in the feature documented in this module: