Voice Transcoding Overview
This section provides a high-level overview of how the voice transcoding functionality is configured. After you insert the SPA-DSP in the SIP, the SPA-DSP is activated, and you can identify the status of the SPA-DSP, by executing the show platform command. If the SPA-DSP is operational and working fine, the show platform command output will display OK in the Status for SPA-DSP. Before you configure the voice transcoding functionality, you must enable the SPA-DSP. After you enable the voice card and set the SPA-DSP in DSP farm mode using the dsp services dspfarm command, you can create the DSP-farm service profiles.
DSP Farm Profiles
DSP-farm profiles are created to allocate DSP-farm resources. DSP-farm profiles can only be created after you set the DSP SPA in DSP farm mode. Under the profile, you select the service type (transcode), associate an application (SBC), and specify service-specific parameters such as codecs and maximum number of sessions. A DSP-farm profile allows you to group DSP resources based on the service type. Applications associated with the profile, such as SBC, can use the resources allocated under the profile. You can configure multiple profiles for the same service. The profile ID and service type uniquely identify a profile, allowing the profile to uniquely map to a SBC application. After creating the profile, you need to attach the profile to an application and enable the DSP farm profile.
The SPA-DSP and SBC application work in conjunction to provide voice transcoding and transrating functionalities. After the DSP-farm profiles are created, each profile is uniquely attached to a unique SBC identifier. The SBC configuration of Call-admission-control (CAC) and DTMF internetworking has been explained in the Cisco Unified Border Element (SP Edition) Configuration Guide: Unified Model .