Cisco Nexus® 1000V Series Switches provide a comprehensive and extensible architectural platform for virtual machine (VM) and cloud networking. The switches are designed to accelerate server virtualization and multitenant cloud deployments in a secure and operationally transparent manner. Integrated into the VMware vSphere hypervisor and fully compatible with VMware vCloud Director, the Cisco® Nexus 1000V Series provides:
• Advanced virtual machine networking based on Cisco NX-OS operating system and IEEE 802.1Q switching technology
• Cisco vPath technology for efficient and optimized integration of virtual network services
• Virtual Extensible Local Area Network (VXLAN), supporting cloud networking
These capabilities help ensure that the virtual machine is a basic building block of the data center, with full switching capabilities and a variety of Layer 4 through 7 services in both dedicated and multitenant cloud environments. With the introduction of VXLAN on the Nexus 1000V Series, network isolation among virtual machines can scale beyond traditional VLANs for cloud-scale networking.
Advanced Virtual Machine Networking using Cisco Nexus 1000V Series
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Switches are virtual machine access switches for the VMware vSphere environments running the Cisco NX-OS operating system. Operating inside the VMware ESX or ESXi hypervisors, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series provides:
• Policy-based virtual machine connectivity
• Mobile virtual machine security and network policy
• Nondisruptive operational model for your server virtualization and networking teams
When server virtualization is deployed in the data center, virtual servers typically are not managed the same way as physical servers. Server virtualization is treated as a special deployment, leading to longer deployment time, with a greater degree of coordination among server, network, storage, and security administrators. With the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series, you can have a consistent networking feature set and provisioning process all the way from the virtual machine access layer to the core of the data center network infrastructure. Virtual servers can now use the same network configuration, security policy, diagnostic tools, and operational models as their physical server counterparts attached to dedicated physical network ports. Virtualization administrators can access predefined network policies that follow mobile virtual machines to ensure proper connectivity saving valuable time to focus on virtual machine administration. This comprehensive set of capabilities helps you to deploy server virtualization faster and realize its benefits sooner.
Developed in close collaboration with VMware, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series is certified by VMware to be compatible with VMware vSphere, vCenter, vCloud Director, ESX, and ESXi, and many other VMware vSphere features. You can use the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series to manage your virtual machine connectivity with confidence in the integrity of the server virtualization and cloud infrastructure.
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Switch has two major components: the Virtual Ethernet Module (VEM), which runs inside the hypervisor, and the external Virtual Supervisor Module (VSM), which manages the VEMs (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Architecture
Virtual Ethernet Module
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series VEM runs as part of the VMware ESX or ESXi kernel and replaces the VMware Virtual Switch functionality. The VEM uses the VMware vNetwork Distributed Switch (vDS) API, which was developed jointly by Cisco and VMware, to provide advanced networking capability to virtual machines. This level of integration helps ensure that the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series is fully aware of all server virtualization events, such as VMware VMotion and Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS). The VEM takes configuration information from the VSM and performs Layer 2 switching and advanced networking functions:
• Quality of service (QoS)
• Security: Private VLAN, access control lists (ACLs), and port security
• Monitoring: NetFlow, Switch Port Analyzer (SPAN), and Encapsulated Remote SPAN (ERSPAN)
In the event of loss of communication with the VSM, the VEM has Nonstop Forwarding (NSF) capability to continue to switch traffic based on the last known configuration. Thus, the VEM provides advanced switching with data center reliability for the server virtualization environment.
Virtual Supervisor Module
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series VSM controls multiple VEMs as one logical modular switch. Instead of physical line-card modules, the VSM supports multiple VEMs running in software inside the physical servers. Configuration is performed through the VSM and is automatically propagated to the VEMs. Instead of configuring soft switches inside the hypervisor on a host-by-host basis, administrators can define configurations for immediate use on all VEMs being managed by the VSM, from a single interface.
By using the capabilities of Cisco NX-OS, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series provides:
• Flexibility and scalability: port profiles, a new Cisco NX-OS feature, provides configuration of ports by category, enabling the solution to scale to a large number of ports. Common software can run all areas of the data center network, including the LAN and SAN.
• High availability: Synchronized, redundant VSMs enable rapid, stateful failover and help ensure an always-available virtual machine network.
• Manageability: The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series can be accessed through the Cisco command-line interface (CLI), Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), XML API, and CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution (LMS).
The VSM is also integrated with VMware vCenter Server so that the virtualization administrator can take advantage of the network configuration in the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series.
Features and Benefits
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series provides a common management model for both physical and virtual network infrastructures that includes policy-based virtual machine connectivity, mobility of virtual machine security and network properties, and a nondisruptive operational model.
Essential and Advanced Editions
Starting with the new Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Software Release 2.1, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series will be offered in two editions: Essential and Advanced.
• Essential Edition: Available at no cost, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Essential Edition provides all the Layer 2 networking features needed to connect virtual applications to the network and integrate into VMware environments, including VXLAN capability, Cisco vPath service insertion, integration with VMware vCloud Director, and a plug-in for management and monitoring in VMware vCenter Server. This free version will enable rapid, low-risk adoption of Cisco's virtual network technology environments.
• Advanced Edition: This is available at the same price as Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Software Release 1.x, the Advanced Edition includes:
– Cisco Virtual Security Gateway (VSG) for Nexus 1000V Series Switch, a virtual firewall with visibility into virtual machine attributes to build sophisticated compliance policies and logical trust zones between applications (Cisco VSG previously was sold as a separate product).
– Support for advanced security capabilities, such as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) snooping, IP source guard, Dynamic Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) Inspection, and Cisco TrustSec® security group access (SGA).
Policy-Based Virtual Machine Connectivity
To complement the ease of creating and provisioning virtual machines, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series includes the Port profile feature to address the dynamic nature of server virtualization from the network's perspective (Figure 2). Port profiles enable you to define virtual machine network policies for different types or classes of virtual machines from the VSM and then apply the profiles to individual virtual machine virtual NICs (vNICs) through the VMware vCenter GUI for transparent provisioning of network resources. Port profiles are a scalable mechanism for configuring networks with large numbers of virtual machines.
Mobility of Virtual Machine Security and Network Properties
Network and security policies defined in the port profile follow the virtual machine throughout its lifecycle, whether it is being migrated from one server to another (Figure 3), suspended, hibernated, or restarted. In addition to migrating the policy, the VSM also moves the virtual machine's network state, such as the port counters and flow statistics. Virtual machines participating in traffic monitoring activities, such as Cisco NetFlow or ERSPAN, can continue these activities uninterrupted by VMware vMotion operations. When a specific port profile is updated, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series automatically provides live updates to all of the virtual ports using that same port profile. With the ability to migrate network and security policies through VMware vMotion, regulatory compliance is much easier to enforce with the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series, because the security policy is defined in the same way as physical servers and constantly enforced by the switch.
Figure 3. Mobility of Network and Security Properties
Nondisruptive Operational Model
Because of its close integration with VMware vCenter Server, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series allows virtualization administrators to continue using VMware tools to provision virtual machines. At the same time, network administrators can provision and operate the virtual machine network the same way they do the physical network using Cisco CLI and SNMP along with tools such as ERSPAN and NetFlow (Figure 4). While both teams work independently, using familiar tools, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series enforces consistent configuration and policy throughout the server virtualization environment. This level of integration lowers the cost of ownership while supporting various organizational boundaries among server, network, security, and storage teams.
Inside VMware vCenter Server, virtual machines are configured as before. Instead of defining network configuration in VMware vCenter Server, port profiles defined on the VSM are displayed by VMware vCenter as port groups. Virtualization administrators can take advantage of preconfigured port groups and focus on virtual machine management, while network administrators can use port profiles to apply policy for a large number of ports at the same time. Together, both teams can deploy server virtualization more efficiently and with lower operational cost.
Figure 4. Nondisruptive Operational Model
Virtualized Network Services with Cisco vPath
In addition to virtual machine switching, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series supports Cisco vPath to provide a single architecture supporting multiple Layer 4 through 7 network services. In the Cisco vPath architecture, Virtual Service Nodes can provide a variety of network services, such as virtual firewall, load balancing, and WAN acceleration. Specifically, the Cisco vPath architecture provides:
• Intelligent traffic steering
– Redirect traffic from server requesting network service to the virtual service node (VSN)
– Extend port profile to include network service profile
• Flexible deployment:
– Each VSN can serve multiple physical servers
– VSN can be hosted on a separate or dedicated server
• Network service acceleration:
– Network Service Decision Caching: Cisco Nexus 1000V Series remembers network service policy from prior traffic, reducing traffic steering
– Performance of virtual network services can be accelerated through enforcement in the hypervisor kernel
In Figure 5, when VM 1 sends a packet to VM 2 requiring virtualized network services, the VEM forwards the request to a VSN, possibly on a different host. The VSN responds to the originating VEM with the suitable action: for example, sending or dropping packets in this flow. The original VEM caches and executes the decision that the VSN requested. For future packets from VM 1 to VM 2, the VEM can implement the virtualized network service without requests to the VSN. Hence, the VEM:
• Implements the virtualized network service decision
• Accelerates network service because it is running in the hypervisor kernel
• Scales network service because the VEM is on every hypervisor host
In addition, the VSN can be placed on any host, providing greater flexibility and separation of production workload and network services. In fact, the vPath architecture is designed to support a variety of network services.
Figure 5. Cisco vPath Architecture
The first VSN to use vPath is the Cisco Virtual Security Gateway (VSG). Cisco VSG enforces attribute-based security policies for single and multitenant environments. Because Cisco VSG is offered as a virtual appliance, customers can scale its deployment with the vPath architecture and by deploying more Cisco VSG appliances on demand.
For customers that have Layer 4 through 7 services virtual machines that do not support vPath, Cisco Nexus 1000V Series can provide policy-based provisioning through virtual service domains (VSDs). A VSD groups virtual machines, which may be on multiple servers, into zones and forces traffic traveling between zones through a Layer 4 through 7 services virtual machine, such as a firewall, including VMware vShield Zones (Figure 6). This extensible capability makes the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series much easier to use with a variety of Layer 4 through 7 services.
Figure 6. Virtual Service Domain
The Cisco ASA1000V enables a broad set of multitenant workloads that have varied security profiles to share a common infrastructure in a virtual data center. By associating one or more virtual machines in a network with distinct security profiles, the Cisco ASA1000V helps ensure that access to and from these virtual machines is controlled and monitored through established security policies.
Integrated with the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Switches and Cisco Virtual Network Management Center (VNMC), the Cisco ASA1000V allows administrative segregation across security and server teams that enables collaboration, eliminates administrative errors, and simplifies audits.
Cisco Nexus 1010 and 1010-X Virtual Services Appliances
Deploying a VSM as a virtual appliance provides considerable flexibility to the customer, especially in data centers running out of power and space. However, for network administrators who prefer a dedicated computing appliance for hosting the VSM, Cisco offers the Nexus 1010 and 1010-X Virtual Services Appliances (Figure 7).
The Cisco Nexus 1010 is designed to host up to six VSMs and additional virtual service blades, such as the Network Analysis Module (NAM). The Cisco Nexus 1010-X supports up to 10 virtual service blades. With the Cisco Nexus 1010 and 1010-X, network administrators no longer have to rely on server administrators to run VSMs. Hence, server and network administrators can reduce the complexity and interdependency of a virtualized data center deployment. Because the Cisco Nexus 1010 and 1010-X can host additional virtual service blades, they provide a platform for additional virtual services (Figure 8).
Figure 8. Cisco Nexus 1010 and 1010-X Internal Architecture
Optimization for Server Virtualization and Cloud Deployment
Differentiated Quality of Service
Today, network interfaces are often dedicated to a particular type of traffic, such as VMware Console or vMotion. With the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series, all the network interface cards (NICs) on the server can be treated as a single logical channel with QoS attached to each type of traffic. With VMware vSphere Version 4.1, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series can even provide different service-level agreements (SLAs) for production virtual machines. Consequently, the bandwidth to the server can be more efficiently utilized with virtualization of network-intensive applications.
Secure Desktop Virtualization
The number of virtual machines running on a server is increasing quickly, especially in a virtual desktop environment, similar to the way that CPU performance follows Moore's Law. With a large population of virtual machines on a server, an infected virtual machine can quickly spread a virus or malware to other virtual machines on the same server. VMware vMotion can then migrate an infected virtual machine to another server, spreading the virus. Consequently, virtual machines must have the same security policy as physical servers.
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series includes the Cisco Integrated Security features that are found on Cisco physical switches to prevent a variety of attack scenarios (Table 1). For example, a rogue virtual machine can spoof its MAC and IP addresses so that it appears to be an existing production virtual machine, send a rogue ARP transaction mimicking the way that VMware vMotion announces the location of a migrated virtual machine, and divert traffic from the production virtual machine to the rogue virtual machine. With Cisco Integrated Security features, this type of attack can easily be prevented with simple networking policy. Because server virtualization is being used for desktop and server workloads, it is critical that this type of security feature be deployed for the proper operation of a virtualized environment.
Table 1. Cisco Integrated Security Features
• Cisco TrustSec uniquely provides a policy-based platform, the Cisco Identity Services Engine (ISE), that offers integrated posture, profiling, and guest services to make context-aware access control decisions
• Insecure access
• Compromising of data and resources
• Restricts MAC addresses on a port
• MAC address spoofing by rogue virtual machine
IP source guard
• Maps IP addresses to MAC addresses
• IP and MAC address spoofing
Dynamic ARP Inspection
• Monitors virtual machine ARP transactions, which are also used for VMware vMotion
• ARP cache poisoning on other virtual machines, hosts, and network devices
• Prevents DHCP client requests from reaching untrusted entities
• Prevents untrusted entities from acting as DHCP servers
• Rate-limits DHCP requests to prevent denial-of-service (DoS) attacks
• Rogue DHCP servers
• Denial of service to DHCP services
With the capabilities of server virtualization, customers can consolidate disparate workloads onto a single set of computing infrastructure. However, these workloads must be logically separated for either administrative or regulatory compliance purposes. With the introduction of a virtual firewall, such as Cisco VSG, this logical isolation can be achieved easily and efficiently. In fact, in this type of deployment, workloads can be dynamically created depending on the business demands. As shown in Figure 9, the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series with Cisco vPath supports this type of deployment with Cisco VSG and allows customers to build their own private clouds within the enterprise.
Figure 9. Secure Multitenancy with Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Supporting Cisco VSG
Cloud Networking with VXLAN
Cloud-based computing, which requires support for large numbers of customers and applications, demands even more scalable networks. In particular, each tenant, and even each application within each tenant, requires its own network that is logically isolated from other networks. While traditional servers typically have unique network addresses to help ensure proper communication, VMware vCloud Director duplicates the addresses of virtual machines for each instance of the application. Hence, VMware vCloud Director requires a dedicated logical network for each instance of the application.
Because of this increased need for logical networks, Cisco introduced Virtual Extensible Local Area Network (VXLAN) in the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series. With VXLAN, when a virtual machine sends a frame, it is encapsulated in a User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packet along with a 24-bit segment identifier that uniquely identifies the bridge domain and provides a dedicated logical network (Figure 10). VXLAN enables an architectural maximum of over 16 M logical networks, supporting large cloud deployments.
Figure 10. Virtual Extensible Local Area Network (VXLAN)
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series with VXLAN is fully integrated with VMware vCloud Director, allowing instant provisioning of the new segments. In addition, customers using VXLAN gain the following benefits (Figure 11).
• Because of the Layer 3 nature of UDP, VXLAN traffic can cross Layer 3 boundaries.
• New servers, to accommodate the elastic demands of cloud computing, can be added in different Layer 2 domains. Therefore, VXLAN enables an architecture to scale the cloud with repeatable pods.
• Cisco Nexus 1000V with VXLAN provides a consistent operational model from the physical network to the cloud.
• Cloud providers can customize the network policy on a per-tenant basis, allowing differentiated cloud service offerings.
• VXLAN provides efficient use of links in PortChannels with the UDP encapsulation.
Figure 11. Cisco Nexus 1000V with VXLAN Benefits
Cisco NX-OS Software Overview
Cisco NX-OS Software is a data-center-class operating system built with modularity, resiliency, and serviceability at its foundation. Based on the industry-proven Cisco MDS 9000 SAN-OS Software, Cisco NX-OS Software helps ensure continuous availability and sets the standard for mission-critical data center environments. The self-healing and highly modular design of Cisco NX-OS makes zero-impact operations a reality and delivers exceptional operational flexibility. Focused on the requirements of the data center, Cisco NX-OS provides a comprehensive feature set that fulfills the Ethernet and storage networking requirements of present and future data centers. With a CLI like that of Cisco IOS® Software, Cisco NX-OS provides state-of-the-art implementations of relevant networking standards as well as a variety of true data-center-class Cisco innovations.
Cisco NX-OS Software Features and Benefits
• Software compatibility: Cisco NX-OS Software Release 4.0 interoperates with Cisco products running any variant of the Cisco IOS Software operating system. Cisco NX-OS Software Release 4.0 also interoperates with any networking OS that conforms to the networking standards listed as supported in this data sheet.
• Common software throughout the data center: Cisco NX-OS simplifies the data center operating environment and provides a unified OS designed to run all areas of the data center network, including the LAN, SAN, and Layer 4 through 7 network services.
• Modular software design: Cisco NX-OS modular processes are instantiated on demand, each in a separate protected memory space. Thus, processes are started and system resources allocated only when a feature is enabled. The modular processes are governed by a real-time preemptive scheduler that helps ensure the timely processing of critical functions.
• In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU): The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series helps to enable server and network administrators to transparently upgrade the VEM and VSM software, reducing downtime and allowing customers to integrate the newest features and functions with little or no negative effect on network operations. Network and server administrators can upgrade the VSM and VEM during different maintenance windows or in batches and continue operation of the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series. The VMware vCenter Server and Cisco Nexus 1000V Series can be upgraded at the same time.
• Quick development of enhancements and problem fixes: The modularity of Cisco NX-OS allows new features, enhancements, and problem fixes to be integrated into the software quickly. Thus, modular fixes can be developed, tested, and delivered in a short time span.
• SNMP and XML API: Cisco NX-OS complies with SNMPv1, v2, and v3. A comprehensive collection of MIBs is supported. Cisco NX-OS also has a full-featured, documented XML API, enabling integration with third-party management tools.
• Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): With RBAC, Cisco NX-OS allows administrators to limit access to switch operations by assigning roles to users. Administrators can customize and restrict access to the users who require it.
VMware Product Compatibility
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series is VMware Ready Certified to be compatible with VMware vSphere as a vNetwork Distributed Switch with support for VMware ESX and ESXi hypervisors and integration with VMware vCenter Server.
VMware vSphere Feature Compatibility
The Cisco Nexus 1000V Series is supported with the following VMware vSphere features:
• VMware vMotion
• VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS)
• VMware High Availability (HA)
• VMware Storage vMotion
• VMware Fault Tolerance (FT)
• VMware Update Manager
• VMware vShield Zones
• VMware Auto Deploy
Maximum Supported Configurations
• 64 VMware ESX or ESXi hosts per VSM
• 2048 virtual Ethernet ports per VMware vDS, with 216 virtual Ethernet ports per physical host
• 2048 active VLANs
• 2048 port profiles
• 32 physical NICs per physical host
• 256 PortChannels per VMware vDS, with 8 PortChannels per physical host
Layer 2 Features
• Layer 2 switch ports and VLAN trunks
• IEEE 802.1Q VLAN encapsulation
• Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP): IEEE 802.3ad
• Advanced PortChannel hashing based on Layer 2, 3, and 4 information
– Source MAC address (default)
– Virtual port ID
– Destination IP address and Layer 4 port
– Destination IP address, Layer 4 port, and VLAN
– Destination IP address and VLAN
– Destination MAC address
– Destination Layer 4 port
– Source and destination IP addresses and Layer 4 port
– Source and destination IP addresses, Layer 4 port, and VLAN
– Source and destination IP addresses and VLAN
– Source and destination MAC addresses
– Source and destination Layer 4 port
– Source IP address and Layer 4 port
– Source IP address, Layer 4 port, and VLAN
– Source IP address and VLAN
– Source MAC address
– Source Layer 4 port
– VLAN only
• Virtual PortChannel Host Mode
• Private VLANs with Promiscuous, Isolated, and Community ports
• Private VLAN on trunks
• Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Snooping Versions 1, 2, and 3
• Jumbo-frame support; up to 9216 bytes
• Integrated loop prevention with Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BDPU) filter without running Spanning Tree Protocol
QoS Including Virtual Machine Granularity
– Access group (ACL)
– IEEE 802.1p CoS
– IP Type of Service: IP precedence or DSCP (RFC 2474)
– User Datagram Protocol (UDP) ports
– Packet length
– Two Rate Three Color Marker (RFC 2698)
– IEEE 802.1p CoS marking
– IP Type of Service: IP precedence or DSCP (RFC 2474)
• Traffic policing (transmit- and receive-rate limiting)
• Class-based Weighted Fair Queuing (only on VMware vSphere 4.1 or later versions)
• Modular QoS CLI (MQC) compliance
• Ingress and egress ACLs on Ethernet and virtual Ethernet ports
• Standard and extended Layer 2 ACLs:
– MAC address and IPv4
– Source MAC address
– Destination MAC address
– Class of service (CoS)
• Standard and extended Layer 3 and 4 ACLs:
– Source IP
– Destination IP
– Protocol (TCP, UDP, Internet Control Message Protocol [ICMP], and IGMP)
– Source port
– Destination port
– TCP flags
– ICMP and IGMP types
– ICMP code
• Port-based ACLs (PACLs)
• Named ACLs
• ACL statistics
• Cisco Integrated Security Features
– Port security
– IP source guard
– Dynamic ARP inspection
– DHCP snooping
• Virtual Service Domain for Layer 4 through 7 services virtual machine
Virtualized Network Services Support
• Cisco vPath with Layer 2 and Layer 3 support for connectivity between Virtual Ethernet Module and Virtual Service Node
• Virtual Service Domain
• Scalable network isolation
• Fully integrated with VMware vCloud Director
• Port statistics
• Port security
• Cisco vPath
• Stateful supervisor failover: Synchronized redundant supervisors are always ready for failover while maintaining a consistent and reliable state.
• Nonstop forwarding: Forwarding continues despite loss of communication between the VSM and VEM.
• Process survivability: Critical processes run independently for ease of isolation, fault containment, and upgrading. Processes can restart independently in milliseconds without losing state information, affecting data forwarding, or affecting adjacent devices or services.
• Redundant VSM support across two data centers: VSM can be distributed across two Datacenters.
• Branch-office VEM support: This feature extends the data center to branch office with support for hosts in branch offices and VSMs in the central data center.
• VSM installation wizard for virtualization and network administrators
– Installs VSM on its own VEM
– Creates physical NIC port profiles
– Configures VSM high availability
– Configures VSM-to-VEM communication options
• VMware vCenter plug-in
– Provides holistic view of the virtual network from VMware vCenter Server
– Installs directly into VMware vCenter
– Provides dashboard view
– Provides license use view
– Provides switch and host view
• Installer application
– Is a simple piece of software for a PC
– Provides single-pane view for entire installation process
– Installs both VSM and VEM
– Supports deployment of redundant VSMs
• VMware vTracker support
– Adds visibility into the virtual and physical networks
– Provides views of VMware vMotion, VLAN, and upstream network
– Provides views of virtual machine information, virtual machine vNIC, and module physical NIC (pNIC)
• Layer 2 and 3 connectivity between VSM and VEM
• Cisco NX-OS CLI console
• SPAN: Local port mirroring of physical interface, PortChannel, VLAN, and port profile
• Enhanced Remote SPAN (ERSPAN) Type III: Remote port mirroring
• NetFlow Version 9 with NetFlow Data Export (NDE)
• Cisco Discovery Protocol Versions 1 and 2
• ACL Logging
• SNMP (read) v1, v2, and v3
• SNMP ACL
• XML API support
• Enhanced SNMP MIB support
• SSH v2
• Authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA)
• Cisco TrustSec
– SGT Exchange Protocol over TCP (SXP)
– Includes VMware vMotion events
• Ingress and egress packet counters per interface
• Network Time Protocol (NTP) RFC 1305
• Domain Name Services (DNS) for management interfaces
• CiscoWorks LMS v3.1, v3.0.1, and v2.6 with Service Pack 1 (SP1)
Cisco Software Application Support plus Upgrades (SASU) is a comprehensive support service that helps you maintain and enhance the availability, security, and performance of your business-critical applications. Cisco SASU includes the following resources:
• Software updates and upgrades: The Cisco SASU service provides timely, uninterrupted access to software updates and upgrades to help you keep existing systems stable and network release levels current. Update releases, including major upgrade releases that may include significant architectural changes and new capabilities for your licensed feature set, are available by software download from Cisco.com or by CD-ROM shipment.
• Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC): Cisco TAC engineers provide accurate, rapid diagnosis and resolution of software application problems to help you reduce outages and performance degradation. These specialized software application experts are trained to support the Cisco Nexus 1000V Series. Their expertise is available to you 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, by telephone, fax, email, or the Internet.
• Online support: Cisco SASU provides access to a wide range of online tools and communities to help you resolve problems quickly, support business continuity, and improve competitiveness.