The Cisco® Connected Grid portfolio of solutions is designed specifically for the harsh, rugged environments often found in the energy and utility industries. These solutions include the Cisco 2010 Connected Grid Router (CGR 2010) and the Cisco 2520 Connected Grid Switch (CGS 2520), which have been designed to support the communications infrastructure needs of the energy delivery infrastructure across the generation, transmission, and distribution sectors. This infrastructure includes utility- and customer-owned energy infrastructure such as substation applications supporting electrical transmission and distribution, renewable generation, oil and gas, water, distributed generation, co-generation, and trackside operations. The infrastructure also includes communications infrastructure for delivery applications such as transmission pipelines, distribution mains, and service lines for oil and gas and water. Designed for highly secure, reliable, and scalable infrastructure, the CGR 2010 and CGS 2520 are an ideal platform to support the Smart Grid and other energy delivery infrastructure needs of customers. These ruggedized products have been extensively tested and are KEMA certified to meet challenging substation compliance standards, including IEEE 1613 and IEC 61850-3.
The Cisco CGR 2010 is a rugged router optimized for use in the multitude of different communication networks found in the energy and utility industries (Figure 1). One example application for the Cisco CGR 2010 is for substation networks in harsh environments common in utility transmission and distribution substations. The CGR 2010 provides operators with the benefits of improved security, manageability, and network reliability. The CGR 2010 uses Cisco IOS® Software, which is the operating system powering millions of Cisco routers deployed worldwide. Cisco IOS Software delivers the benefits of integrated security for North American Electric Reliability Corporation/Critical Infrastructure Protection (NERC/CIP) compliance, quality of service, and network management to help ensure integrity and priority of operational data communications.
Primary Cisco CGR 2010 features:
• Rugged industrial design, featuring no fans or moving parts, and an extended operational temperature range
• Substation compliance with IEC-61850-3 and IEEE 1613 for utility substation environments
• Integrated security to help address compliance with critical infrastructure protection mandates
• High availability design for maximum network uptime and redundancy
• Network and device management tools for deployments, upgrades, and remote monitoring
• Advanced quality of service (QoS) capabilities to support mission-critical communications such as substation communications such as SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition)
• Comprehensive network security features based on open standards
Figure 1. Cisco CGR 2010
Networking Solutions and the Cisco CGR 2010: Substation Automation Example
Substation automation promises to bring more automation and intelligence to the power grid network to address a myriad of utility challenges. Utilities are focused on how to improve grid reliability, enhance network security to meet regulatory requirements, and reduce operational expenses. The Cisco Connected Grid Router and Switch offer utilities a rugged networking solution to enable reliable and secure two-way communication for substation automation. Figure 2 shows a converged end-to-end IP network from the data center to the home. The CGR 2010 and the CGR 2520 are deployed in both transmission and distribution substations. Networking these points of presence provides network operators with greater visibility into grid assets and helps identify, isolate, and restore outages more efficiently.
Figure 2. Places in the Network
The Cisco CGR 2010 builds upon the award-winning Integrated Services Router G2 (ISR G2) platform to deliver high-quality routing, security, management, and network intelligence. With embedded hardware encryption acceleration, optional firewall, and intrusion prevention, the CGR 2010 provides integrated security to protect energy-related communication networks. Specifically for utilities, the CGR 2010 complies with cyber security requirements such as the NERC/CIP mandates. In addition, the platform supports T1/E1 WAN interfaces with integrated CSU/DSU interfaces, synchronous and asynchronous serial RS-232 interfaces, and copper and fiber Gigabit Ethernet.
Key Business Benefits
The CGR 2010 is designed for network security, scalability, durability, and investment protection. The modular architecture facilitates upgrades to your energy networks without requiring a complete equipment upgrade of the routing platform. New modules can be added over time as communications requirements change. Table 1 lists the business benefits of the CGR 2010.
Table 1. Key Business Benefits of the CGR 2010
• CGR 2010 offers integrated services, including advanced data routing, firewall, traffic shaping, quality of service, and network segmentation
Ruggedized for substation compliance
• Compliant with IEEE 1613 and IEC 61850-3 substation standards for ruggedization
• Natural convection cooled, with no moving parts or fans for maximum reliability
• Extended EMI and surge protection for protection in substation environments
Services on demand
• A single Cisco IOS® Universal Software image is installed on each CGR 2010. The Universal image contains all of the Cisco IOS technology sets that can be activated with a software license. This allows your business to quickly deploy advanced features without downloading a new IOS image. Additionally, larger default memory is included to support the new capabilities.
• CiscoWorks LMS and Cisco Configuration Profession (CCP) network management tools to help provision and diagnose network issues
• Embedded management tools capable of event detection and recovery, offered directly in a Cisco IOS Software device. For more information, please see Tables 5 and 6 for details on Cisco network management solutions offered with the CGR 2010.
• Designed to address customer business requirements, the CGR 2010 Series modular architecture offers increased capacity and performance as your network needs grow.
• Modular interfaces and power supplies offer increased bandwidth, a diversity of connection options, and network resiliency.
• Modular, hot-swappable power supplies supported on both the Cisco CGR 2010 and the Cisco CGS 2520
• Modular design allows ease of serviceability with spare components
• Supports front or reverse cabling for maximum installation flexibility
• The CGR 2010 architecture provides energy-saving features that include the following:
• Services integration and modularity on a single platform performing multiple functions, optimizes raw materials consumption and energy usage.
• Platform flexibility and ongoing development of both hardware and software capabilities lead to a longer product lifecycle, lowering all aspects of the total cost of ownership, including materials and energy use.
• High-efficiency power supplies are provided with each platform.
• Natural convection uses no power for cooling
• CGR 2010 maximizes investment protection:
• Modular design, supporting current and future interface cards
• Flexible design, capable of hosting network applications
Platform Architecture and Modularity
The CGR 2010 is designed to meet the demanding environments of energy and utility communication networks, while offering reliable network services and performance required across the energy network. A modular design allows for forward flexibility to support future applications and interfaces for maximum investment protection. The modular architecture is designed to support increasing bandwidth requirements, various interface types, and fully integrated power distribution. Table 2 lists the architectural features and benefits of the CGR 2010.
Table 2. Architectural Features and Benefits
Substation hardened design
• Industrial-grade components used in the design of platform
• Hardware design and architecture developed to meet strict environmental, surge, and EMI requirements of IEC 61850-3 and IEEE 1613.
• Cisco CGR 2010 is a highly modular platform, with four 4 slots to accommodate field-replaceable Grid Router WAN Interface Cards (GRWIC) to add connectivity and services for substation communications.
• CGR offers LAN and WAN connectivity options for redundant communications to substations.
• Hot-standby capabilities in dual-router configurations
• Modular design accommodates field upgrades for existing and/or future technologies without requiring a platform replacement.
• Performance Routing (PfR) improves application performance and availability by selecting the best path for each application based upon advanced criteria such as reachability, delay, loss, jitter, and Mean Opinion Score (MOS).
• Bidirectional Forwarding Detection provides a low-overhead, sub-second capability of detecting failures in the forwarding path between two routers, allowing for minimal disruptions from failover scenarios.
• Dual hot-swap power supplies allow for network redundancy and maximum uptime.
• Power supplies supported across Cisco's portfolio of rugged routing and switching products. Power supplies used with the CGR 2010 are also used on the Cisco Connected Grid Switch 2520 for ease of serviceability.
• CGR 2010 platform is powered by a high-performance multicore processor that can support high-speed WAN connections while also running multiple concurrent services.
Embedded IP security with Security Sockets Layer (IPSec/SSL) VPN hardware acceleration
• Embedded hardware encryption acceleration is enhanced to provide higher scalability, which combined with an optional Cisco IOS Security license, enables WAN link security and VPN services (both IPSec and SSL acceleration).
Integrated Gigabit Ethernet ports
• Dual Gigabit Ethernet WAN interfaces, supporting two GE Fiber, or two GE Copper, or one of each interface.
• All onboard WAN ports are Gigabit Ethernet WAN routed ports.
• Both Ethernet WAN ports on the CGR 2010 support the Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP)-based connectivity in lieu of a RJ-45 port.
• New, innovative USB console port offers management connectivity for devices without a serial port such as modern laptop computers.
• Traditional console and auxiliary ports are also available.
Wide range of power supply options
• Supports a low-voltage DC power supply (24-60 VDC) and a high-voltage AC or DC power supply (88-300 VDC, 85-264 VAC)
• Load-sharing power supplies in a dual power supply configuration; a single power supply is capable of supporting a fully configured router
• CGR 2010 platform provides maximum flexibility, allowing the user to choose a single power supply or any combination of power supplies for the system.
• Power supply capable of supporting inline power (802.3af-compliant PoE and Cisco Inline Power)
• Both power supplies are universally interchangeable with the Cisco CGS 2520.
Designed for flexible deployments
• Reverse mounting options provide flexibility of providing rear cabling mounting options.
• LEDs are duplicated on both ends of the CGR 2010 to provide ease of use in either mounting option.
Modularity Features and Benefits
The Cisco CGR 2010 provides modular capabilities (refer to Table 3), offering investment protection for customers. With the advent of a new family of Grid Router WAN Interface Cards (GRWIC), customers will have the capability to interchange modules and interfaces to meet their future requirements. Services and additional interface options enabled by current and future modules will help provide customers with flexible and robust options to upgrade their networks to meet increasing needs for greater bandwidth and intelligence within energy networks.
Table 3. Modularity Features and Benefits
Modules & Switch Platforms
Cisco Grid Router WAN Interface Card (GRWIC) Slots
• The GRWIC builds upon the popular High Speed WAN Interface Card (HWIC) architecture, available on the Cisco ISR G2 family to provide enhanced high throughput and hardening requirements needed within many energy networks.
• CGR 2010 accommodates up to four GRWIC modules, providing flexibility for a combination of WAN and LAN interfaces. Through the GRWICs, the CGR 2010 platform has the capability to provide T1/E1 WAN interface options, as well as Async/Sync RS-232 serial ports for serial connectivity to RTUs, relays, and other serial-based devices within the substation.
• Flexibility to support double-wide GRWIC modules is enabled by combining adjacent GRWIC slots. Slots 0 and 1 and slots 2 and 3 are capable of supporting double-wide modules in the future.
• CGR 2010 supports 1 and 2 port T1/E1 CSU modules. For more information on the T1/E1 GRWICs, please visit the T1/E1 CSU/DSU GRWIC datasheets at the following URL http://www.cisco.com/go/cgr2000.
• CGR 2010 supports an 8-port async/sync RS-232 serial module. This provides users with an interface between the CGR 2010 and legacy serial devices in the energy network.
Compact flash slots
• Two external Compact Flash slots are available on the CGR 2010. Each slot can support rugged, high-speed storage compact flash cards upgradeable to 4 GB in density.
• First compact Flash slot supports the Cisco IOS Software and configuration.
• Second compact flash is available for additional memory storage.
USB 2.0 ports
• Two high-speed USB 2.0 ports are supported. The USB ports enable secure token capabilities and additional storage.
Cisco IOS Software
The CGR 2010 delivers innovative technologies running on industry-leading Cisco IOS Software. Developed for wide deployment in the world's most demanding, harsh environments, the CGR 2010 platform is supported on Cisco IOS Software release 15.1T. Release 15.1(1)T provides support for a comprehensive portfolio of Cisco technologies, including the functionality and features delivered in releases 12.4 and 12.4T. New innovations in 15.1(1)T span multiple technology areas, including security, high availability, IP routing and multicast, quality of service (QoS), Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), VPNs, and embedded management.
Cisco IOS Software Licensing and Packaging
A single Cisco IOS Universal image, encompassing all IOS technology feature sets, is delivered with the platforms. You can enable advanced features by activating a software license on the Universal image. Technology packages and feature licenses, enabled through the Cisco software licensing infrastructure, simplify software delivery and decrease the operational costs of deploying new features.
Three major technology licenses are available on the CGR 2010 platform; you can activate the licenses through the Cisco software activation process identified at http://www.cisco.com/go/sa. The three licenses are as follows:
• IP Base: This technology package is available as default.
• Security (SEC) or Security with No Payload Encryption (SEC-NPE)
Integrated Network Security
Cyber security is critical to the reliability of energy networks. Operators must help ensure data communications used to operate energy infrastructure take priority and are not compromised by cyber attacks. Cisco has created a full suite of security features designed to help ensure the integrity of grid communications.
The Cisco IOS Software Security technology package for the CGR 2010 offers a wide array of common security features, such as advanced application inspection and control, threat protection, and encryption architectures for enabling more scalable and manageable VPN networks. The CGR 2010 offers onboard hardware-based encryption acceleration to provide greater IPSec throughput with less overhead for the route processor when compared with software-based encryption solutions. The CGR 2010 offers a comprehensive and adaptable security solution for energy networks that includes features such as:
• Secure connectivity: Secure collaborative communications with Group Encrypted Transport VPN, Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN), or Enhanced Easy VPN
• Integrated threat control: Responding to sophisticated network attacks and threats, using Cisco IOS Firewall, Cisco IOS Zone-Based Firewall, Cisco IOS Intrusion Prevention System (IPS), Cisco IOS Content Filtering, and Flexible Packet Matching (FPM)
• Identity management: Intelligently protecting endpoints using technologies such as authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) and public key infrastructure (PKI)
Combination Gigabit Ethernet Ports
The CGR 2010 supports two on-board Gigabit Ethernet interfaces for WAN and LAN connectivity. The CGR 2010 comes standard with two 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet copper interfaces and two 100/1000 Mbps Fiber Ethernet interfaces. Of the four GE ports available, the CGR 2010 can be configured with a maximum of two GE ports in any combination of Ethernet copper or fiber. Both Layer 2 and Layer 3 (IP routing) features are supported on these interfaces for maximum flexibility. For expanded Ethernet port requirements, the Cisco CGR 2520 supports up to 24 ports of copper and/or fiber, depending on the model chosen.
The CGR 2010 smoothly combines industry-leading security, Cisco IOS Software-based traffic control, and visibility with Cisco application acceleration solutions. Cisco IOS Software features such as NBAR, IP SLA, and Netflow provide visibility and monitoring of traffic patterns and application performance, while IOS features such as Quality of Service (QoS), Access Control Lists (ACLs), and Performance Routing (PfR) intelligently control the traffic to maximize the quality of the user experience and employee productivity.
Managing Your Connected Grid Router
Network management applications are instrumental in lowering operating expenses (OpEx), while improving network availability by simplifying and automating many of the day-to-day tasks associated with managing an end-to-end network. Day-one device support provides immediate manageability support for the CGR 2010, enabling quick and easy deployment, monitoring, and troubleshooting from Cisco and third-party applications.
Organizations rely on Cisco-, third-party-, and in-house-developed network management applications to achieve their OpEx and productivity goals. Underpinning those applications are the embedded management features available in every Connected Grid Router. These routers incorporate deep manageability features, such as IP service-level agreement (IP SLA), Cisco IOS Embedded Event Manager (EEM), and NetFlow, which allow you to know the status of your network at all times. These features, along with Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) and syslog, enable your organization's management applications.
Refer to Tables 4 and 5 below for details about network management and manageability support on the Cisco CGR 2010.
Table 4. Cisco Connected Grid Router IOS Software Features and Protocols Support
IPv4, IPv6, static routes, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Enhanced IGRP (EIGRP), Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), BGP Router Reflector, Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS), Multicast Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMPv3), Protocol Independent Multicast sparse mode (PIM SM), PIM Source Specific Multicast (SSM), Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP), IPSec, Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE), Bi-Directional Forwarding Detection (BVD), IPv4-to-IPv6 Multicast, MPLS, L2TPv3, IEEE 802.1ag, IEEE 802.3ah, and L2 and L3 VPN
Ethernet, IEEE 802.1q VLAN, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), Multilink Point-to-Point Protocol (MLPPP), Frame Relay, Multilink Frame Relay (MLFR) (FR.15 and FR.16), High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC), Serial (RS-232, Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE), and ATM, DNP3, and MODBUS SCADA Tunneling (BSTUN)
QoS, Class-Based Weighted Fair Queuing (CBWFQ), Weighted Random Early Detection (WRED), Hierarchical QoS, Policy-Based Routing (PBR), Performance Routing (PfR), and Network-Based Advanced Routing (NBAR)
Table 5 lists the embedded management features available with Cisco IOS Software.
Table 5. Embedded Management Features Available with Cisco IOS Software
The Web Services Management Agent (WSMA) defines a mechanism through which you can manage a network device, retrieve configuration data information, and upload and manipulate new configuration data. WSMA uses XML-based data encoding that is transported by the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) for the configuration data and protocol messages.
Cisco IOS Embedded Event Manager (EEM) is a distributed and customized approach to event detection and recovery offered directly in a Cisco IOS Software device. It offers the ability to monitor events and take informational, corrective, or any desired EEM action when the monitored events occur or when a threshold is reached.
CGR 2010 also supports SNMP, Remote Monitoring (RMON), syslog, NetFlow, and TR-069 in addition to the embedded management features previously mentioned.
The Cisco network management applications listed in Table 6 are standalone products that you can download or purchase to manage your Cisco network devices. The applications are built specifically for the different operational phases; you can select the ones that best fit your needs.
Cisco Configuration Professional is a GUI device-management tool for Cisco IOS Software-based access routers. This tool simplifies router, security, WAN, and basic LAN configuration through easy-to-use wizards.
Network wide deployment, configuration, monitoring, and troubleshooting
CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution (LMS) is a suite of integrated applications for simplifying day-to-day management of a Cisco end-to-end network, lowering OpEx while increasing network availability. CiscoWorks LMS offers network managers an easy-to-use web-based interface for configuring, administering, and troubleshooting the CGR 2010, using new instrumentation such as Cisco IOS EEM Generic Online Diagnostics (GOLD).
Network-wide staging, configuration, and compliance
CiscoWorks Network Compliance Manager (NCM) tracks and regulates configuration and software changes throughout a multivendor network infrastructure. It provides superior visibility into network changes and can track compliance with a broad variety of regulatory, IT, corporate governance, and technology requirements.
Secure client-server application Cisco License Manager allows users to easily manage Cisco IOS Software activation and licenses for a wide range of Cisco platforms running Cisco IOS Software, as well as other operating systems.
Staging, deployment, and changes to configuration and image files
Cisco Configuration Engine is a secure network management product that provides zero-touch image and configuration distribution through centralized, template-based management.
As your business strives to lower the total cost of ownership in running your network, you will need more intelligent communication solutions to empower the workforce managing the network. The CGR 2010 offers these solutions by providing enhanced performance and increased modular density to support multiple services. The CGR 2010 is designed to consolidate the functions of many separate devices into a single, compact system.
Double-wide capable GRWIC slots (use of a double-wide GRWIC slot will consume two GRWIC slots)
Memory DDR2 ECC DRAM - default
Rugged compact flash
slot 0: 256 MB (Default)
slot 1: 256 MB (Optional Expansion for storage)
External USB 2.0 flash memory slots (Type A)
USB Console port (Type B) (up to 115.2 kbps)
Serial console port
Serial auxiliary port
Power supply options
Two power supply options:
• Low-voltage DC power supply (available in late 2010)
• AC or high-voltage DC power supply
Any combination of power supplies can be inserted into the chassis. Dual power supply configurations are load sharing in redundancy mode, although a single power supply is sufficient for supporting power needs for the system.
AC input voltage (Power Supply Unit 1)
Nominal Range: 100 - 240 VAC
Operating Range: 85 -264 VAC
AC supply also accepts a DC input with an operating range of 88 - 300 VDC
DC input voltage (Power Supply Unit 2)
Nominal Range: 24 - 60 VDC
Operating Range: 20 - 75 VDC
AC input frequency
47 to 63 Hz
AC input current range for AC power supply (maximum)
AC input surge current
DC input voltage
24 - 60 VDC, extended 88-300 VDC (on separate power supply)
System power consumption (with no modules) (Watts)
Grid Router WIC power consumption
Typical: 4.5 Watts Maximum: 6 Watts
Dimensions (H x W x D)
3.5 x 17.25 x 15 in. (88.9 x 438.2 x 381 mm)
2 RU (rack unit)
Rack-mount 19 in. (48.3 cm) EIA
Weight with 1 power supply (no modules)
19 lbs (8.6kg)
Typical weight fully configured with 2 power supplies and 4 GRWICs
25 lbs (11.4 kg)
Convection and conduction cooling (no fans)
-40 ºF to 140ºF (-40 to +60ºC) continuous operating temperature range
-40 ºF to 185ºF (-40 to +85ºC) type test for 100 hours at 85ºC
30G @11 ms
10,000 ft (3,048 m) Max operating temp is de-rated with increasing altitude per IEEE 1613a-2008
5 to 95% non-condensing
-40ºF to 185ºF (-40ºC to 85ºC)
5 to 95% non-condensing
16,000 ft (4,876 m) Max operating temp is de-rated with increasing altitude per IEEE 1613a-2008
Non-Op Free Fall Drop
4 in. (100 mm) per ENG-339611
NEBS GR-63 (5.4.1)
40-50G (3.26 m/s minimum)
Environmental substation compliance
EN 55024, CISPR 24
47 CFR, Part 15
ICES-003 Class A
EN55022 Class A
CISPR22 Class A
AS/NZS 3548 Class A
USA: UL 60950-1
Canada: CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1
Europe: EN 60950-1
China: GB 60950-1
Australia/New Zealand: AS/NZS 60950-1
Rest of World: IEC 60950-1
CSA certified to UL/CSA 60950-1, 2nd Ed.
CB report to IEC60950-1, 2nd Ed., covering all group differences and national deviations
1 port channelized T1/E1 and PRI GRWIC (data only)
2 port channelized T1/E1 and PRI GRWIC (data only)
8-Port Async/Sync Serial GRWIC, EIA-232
Connected Grid Power Supplies
High AC/DC (88-300VDC/85-264VAC) power supply for Cisco CGR2010 and CGS2520 switch, Spare
Low DC (24-60VDC) power supply module for the Cisco CGR 2010 and CGS 2520 switch (available in late 2010)
Small Form-Factor Pluggable SFP's for CGR 2010
The CGR 2010 only supports rugged SFPs. These SFPs are not available as part of the system order and should be ordered as spares if needed.
The CGR-2010/K9 provides 2 SFP slots supporting 100mbps or 1000mbps rugged fiber SFPs. Both Ethernet WAN ports on the CGR 2010 are dual purpose ports and can support either two Small Form-Factor Pluggable fiber (SFP)-ports, two 10/100/1000mbps copper ports, or one of each.
Table 8. SFP options for the Cisco CGR 2010 router (Spare Only)
100Base-FX Multi Mode Rugged SFP (Spare only)
100Mbps Single Mode Rugged SFP (Spare only)
1000Mbps Multi-Mode Rugged SFP (Spare only)
1000Mbps Single Mode Rugged SFP (Spare only)
1000BASE-ZX Single Mode Rugged SFP (Spare only)
These products can be ordered by a Cisco authorized partner. For more information about product availability, please contact your Cisco representative.
Cisco and Partner Services for Utilities
Services from Cisco and our certified partners can help you transform the network, and accelerate business innovation across the grid & enterprise. We have the depth and breadth of expertise to create a clear, replicable, optimized branch footprint across technologies. Planning and design services align technology with business goals and can increase the accuracy, speed, and efficiency of deployment. Technical services help improve operational efficiency, save money, and mitigate risk. Optimization services are designed to continuously improve performance and help your team succeed with new technologies. For more information, visit http://www.cisco.com/go/services