Catalyst 6500 Release 12.2SX Software Configuration Guide
Layer 3 Interface Configuration
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Configuring Layer 3 Interfaces

Table Of Contents

Configuring Layer 3 Interfaces

Layer 3 Interface Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

Configuring Subinterfaces on Layer 3 Interfaces

Configuring IPv4 Routing and Addresses

Configuring IPX Routing and Network Numbers

Configuring AppleTalk Routing, Cable Ranges, and Zones

Configuring Other Protocols on Layer 3 Interfaces


Configuring Layer 3 Interfaces


This chapter contains information about how to configure Layer 3 interfaces in Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX.


Note For complete syntax and usage information for the commands used in this chapter, see these publications:

The Cisco IOS Master Command List, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/mcl/allreleasemcl/all_book.html

The Release 12.2 publications at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1835/products_installation_and_configuration_guides_list.html



Tip For additional information about Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches (including configuration examples and troubleshooting information), see the documents listed on this page:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps708/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Participate in the Technical Documentation Ideas forum


This chapter consists of these sections:

Layer 3 Interface Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

Configuring Subinterfaces on Layer 3 Interfaces

Configuring IPv4 Routing and Addresses

Configuring IPX Routing and Network Numbers

Configuring AppleTalk Routing, Cable Ranges, and Zones

Configuring Other Protocols on Layer 3 Interfaces

Layer 3 Interface Configuration Guidelines and Restrictions

When configuring Layer 3 interfaces, follow these guidelines and restrictions:

We recommend that you configure no more than 2,000 Layer 3 VLAN interfaces.

The ip unnumbered command is supported on Layer 3 VLAN interfaces.

To support VLAN interfaces, create and configure VLANs and assign VLAN membership to Layer 2 LAN ports. For more information, see Chapter 23 "Configuring VLANs" and Chapter 22 "Configuring VTP."

Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX does not support:

Integrated routing and bridging (IRB)

Concurrent routing and bridging (CRB)

Remote source-route bridging (RSRB)

Use bridge groups on VLAN interfaces, sometimes called fall-back bridging, to bridge nonrouted protocols. Bridge groups on VLAN interfaces are supported in software on the route processor (RP).

Cisco IOS Release 12.2SX does not support the IEEE bridging protocol for bridge groups. Configure bridge groups to use the VLAN-bridge or the DEC spanning-tree protocol.

Configuring Subinterfaces on Layer 3 Interfaces

When configuring Layer 3 subinterfaces, follow these guidelines and restrictions:

The PFC3 supports these features on LAN port subinterfaces:

IPv4 unicast forwarding, including MPLS VPN

IPv4 multicast forwarding, including MPLS VPN

6PE

EoMPLS

IPv4 unnumbered

Counters for subinterfaces in MIBS and with the show vlans command

iBGP and eBGP

OSPF

EIGRP

RIPv1/v2

RIPv2

ISIS

Static routing

Unidirectional link routing (UDLR)

IGMPv1, IGMPv2, IGMPv3

PIMv1, PIMv2

SSM IGMPv3lite and URD

Stub IP multicast routing

IGMP join

IGMP static group

Multicast routing monitor (MRM)

Multicast source discovery protocol (MSDP)

SSM

IPv4 Ping

IPv6 Ping

Always use the native keyword when the VLAN ID is the ID of the IEEE 802.1Q native VLAN. Do not configure encapsulation on the native VLAN of an IEEE 802.1Q trunk without the native keyword.

Because VLAN IDs are global to the switch, you can use a VLAN internally, on a subinterface, or with a Layer 3 VLAN interface.

You cannot configure an internal VLAN on a subinterface or a Layer 3 VLAN interface.

You cannot configure a subinterface VLAN on a Layer 3 VLAN interface.

You cannot configure a VLAN used with a Layer 3 VLAN interface on a subinterface.


Note You cannot configure a VLAN used on one interface or subinterface on another interface or subinterface.


With any VTP version, you can configure subinterfaces with any normal range or extended range VLAN ID in VTP transparent mode. Because VLAN IDs 1 to 1005 are global in the VTP domain and can be defined on other network devices in the VTP domain, you can use only extended range VLANs with subinterfaces in VTP client or server mode. In VTP client or server mode, normal range VLANs are excluded from subinterfaces.


Note If you configure normal range VLANs on subinterfaces, you cannot change the VTP mode from transparent.


To configure a subinterface, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router> enable

Enters privileged EXEC mode.

Step 2 

Router# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 3 

Router(config)# interface {{type1  slot/port.subinterface} | {port-channel port_channel_number.subinterface}}

Selects an interface and enters subinterface configuration mode.

Step 4 

Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q vlan_ID [native]

Configures 802.1Q encapsulation for the subinterface.

Step 5 

Router(config-if)# exit

Returns to global configuration mode.

1 type = fastethernet, gigabitethernet, tengigabitethernet, or ge-wan

Configuring IPv4 Routing and Addresses

For complete information and procedures, see these publications:

Cisco IOS IP and IP Routing Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/ip/configuration/guide/fipr_c.html

Cisco IOS IP and IP Routing Command Reference, Release 12.2, at these URLs:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/ipaddr/command/reference/fipras_r.html

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/iproute/command/reference/fiprrp_r.html

When configuring IPv4 routing and addresses, follow these guidelines and restrictions:

See the command reference for information about the maximum-paths command.

The Policy Feature Card (PFC) and any Distributed Feature Cards (DFCs) provide hardware support for policy-based routing (PBR) for route-map sequences that use the match ip address, set ip next-hop, and ip default next-hop PBR keywords.

When configuring PBR, follow these guidelines and restrictions:

The PFC provides hardware support for PBR configured on a tunnel interface.

The PFC does not provide hardware support for PBR configured with the set ip next-hop keywords if the next hop is a tunnel interface.

To avoid high CPU utilization, do not configure an address in the same subnet as the next hop.

If the RP address falls within the range of a PBR ACL, traffic addressed to the RP is policy routed in hardware instead of being forwarded to the RP. To prevent policy routing of traffic addressed to the RP, configure PBR ACLs to deny traffic addressed to the RP.

Any options in Cisco IOS ACLs that provide filtering in a PBR route-map that would cause flows to be sent to the RP to be switched in software are ignored. For example, logging is not supported in ACEs in Cisco IOS ACLs that provide filtering in PBR route-maps.

PBR traffic through switching module ports where PBR is configured is routed in software if the switching module resets. (CSCee92191)

Any permit route-map sequence with no set statement will cause matching traffic to be processed by the RP.

In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH4 and later releases, for efficient use of hardware resources, enter the platform ipv4 pbr optimize tcam command in global configuration mode when configuring multiple PBR sequences (or a single PBR sequence with multiple ACLs) in which more than one PBR ACL contains DENY entries. In earlier releases, we recommend avoiding this type of configuration. (CSCsr45495)

In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SXH4 and later releases, the BOOTP/DHCP traffic will be dropped unless explicitly permitted. In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(18)SXF, BOOTP/DHCP packets are not subjected to a PBR configured in the ingress interfaces and the BOOTP/DHCP packets are forwarded to the BOOTP/DHCP server, although they are not explicitly permitted.

To configure PBR, see the Cisco IOS Quality of Service Solutions Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, "Classification," "Configuring Policy-Based Routing," at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/qos/configuration/guide/qcfpbr_ps1835_TSD_Products_Configuration_Guide_Chapter.html

To configure IPv4 routing and an IPv4 address on a Layer 3 interface, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# ip routing

Enables IPv4 routing. (Required only if IPv4 routing is disabled.)

Step 2 

Router(config)# router ip_routing_protocol

Specifies an IPv4 routing protocol.

Step 3 

Router(config-router)# ip_routing_protocol_commands

Configures the IPv4 routing protocol.

Step 4 

Router(config-router)# exit

Exists IPv4 routing protocol configuration mode.

Step 5 

Router(config)# interface {vlan vlan_ID} | {type1  slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}

Selects an interface to configure.

Step 6 

Router(config-if)# ip address ip_address subnet_mask

Configures the IPv4 address and IPv4 subnet.

Step 7 

Router(config-if)# no shutdown

Enables the interface.

Step 8 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 9 

Router# show interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Router# show ip interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Router# show running-config interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Verifies the configuration.

1 type = fastethernet, gigabitethernet, or tengigabitethernet

This example shows how to enable IPv4 Routing Information Protocol (RIP) routing:

Router# configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# ip routing 
Router(config)# router rip 
Router(config-router)# network 10.0.0.0 
Router(config-router)# end 
Router#
 
   

This example shows how to configure an IPv4 address on Fast Ethernet port 5/4:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# interface fastethernet 5/4
Router(config-if)# ip address 172.20.52.106 255.255.255.248
Router(config-if)# no shutdown
Router(config-if)# end 
Router#
 
   

This example uses the show interfaces command to display the interface IPv4 address configuration and status of Fast Ethernet port 5/4:

Router# show interfaces fastethernet 5/4
FastEthernet5/4 is up, line protocol is up
  Hardware is Cat6K 100Mb Ethernet, address is 0050.f0ac.3058 (bia 0050.f0ac.3058)
    Internet address is 172.20.52.106/29
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 100000 Kbit, DLY 100 usec,
     reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
  Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
  Keepalive set (10 sec)
  Full-duplex, 100Mb/s
  ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
  Last input 00:00:01, output never, output hang never
  Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
  Queueing strategy: fifo
  Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 0/75, 0 drops
  5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
  5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
     7 packets input, 871 bytes, 0 no buffer
     Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
     0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
     0 input packets with dribble condition detected
     8 packets output, 1658 bytes, 0 underruns
     0 output errors, 0 collisions, 4 interface resets
     0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
     0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier
     0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
Router#
 
   

This example uses the show ip interface command to display the detailed configuration and status of Fast Ethernet port 5/4:

Router# show ip interface fastethernet 5/4
FastEthernet5/4 is up, line protocol is up
    Internet address is 172.20.52.106/29
  Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255
  Address determined by setup command
  MTU is 1500 bytes
  Helper address is not set
  Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled
  Multicast reserved groups joined: 224.0.0.10
  Outgoing access list is not set
  Inbound  access list is not set
  Proxy ARP is enabled
  Security level is default
  Split horizon is enabled
  ICMP redirects are always sent
  ICMP unreachables are always sent
  ICMP mask replies are never sent
  IP fast switching is enabled
  IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled
  IP Flow switching is disabled
  IP CEF switching is enabled
  IP Fast switching turbo vector
  IP Normal CEF switching turbo vector
  IP multicast fast switching is enabled
  IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled
  Router Discovery is disabled
  IP output packet accounting is disabled
  IP access violation accounting is disabled
  TCP/IP header compression is disabled
  RTP/IP header compression is disabled
  Probe proxy name replies are disabled
  Policy routing is disabled
  Network address translation is disabled
  WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled
  WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled
  BGP Policy Mapping is disabled
  IP multicast multilayer switching is disabled
  IP mls switching is enabled
Router#
 
   

This example uses the show running-config command to display the interface IPv4 address configuration of Fast Ethernet port 5/4:

Router# show running-config interfaces fastethernet 5/4 
Building configuration...
 
Current configuration:
!
interface FastEthernet5/4
 description "Router port"
  ip address 172.20.52.106 255.255.255.248
 no ip directed-broadcast
!

Configuring IPX Routing and Network Numbers


Note The RP supports IPX with fast switching.


For complete information and procedures, see these publications:

Cisco IOS AppleTalk and Novell IPX Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/atipx/configuration/guide/fatipx_c.html

Cisco IOS AppleTalk and Novell IPX Command Reference, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/atipx/command/reference/fatipx_r.html

To configure routing for Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) and configure IPX on a Layer 3 interface, perform this task:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# ipx routing

Enables IPX routing.

Step 2 

Router(config)# router ipx_routing_protocol

Specifies an IP routing protocol. This step might include other commands, such as specifying the networks to route with the network command.

Step 3 

Router(config)# interface {vlan vlan_ID} | {type1  slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}

Selects an interface to configure.

Step 4 

Router(config-if)# ipx network [network | unnumbered] encapsulation encapsulation_type

Configures the IPX network number. This enables IPX routing on the interface. When you enable IPX routing on the interface, you can also specify an encapsulation type.

Step 5 

Router(config-if)# no shutdown

Enables the interface.

Step 6 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 7 

Router# show interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Router# show ipx interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Router# show running-config interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Verifies the configuration.

1 type = fastethernet, gigabitethernet, or tengigabitethernet

This example shows how to enable IPX routing and assign an IPX network address to interface VLAN 100:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# ipx routing 
Router(config)# ipx router rip 
Router(config-ipx-router)# network all 
Router(config-ipx-router)# interface vlan 100 
Router(config-if)# ipx network 100 encapsulation snap 
Router(config-if)# no shutdown 
Router(config-if)# end 
Router# copy running-config startup-config 

Configuring AppleTalk Routing, Cable Ranges, and Zones

For complete information and procedures, see these publications:

Cisco IOS AppleTalk and Novell IPX Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/atipx/configuration/guide/fatipx_c.html

Cisco IOS AppleTalk and Novell IPX Command Reference, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/atipx/command/reference/fatipx_r.html

To configure routing for AppleTalk, perform this task beginning in global configuration mode:

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

Router(config)# appletalk routing

Enables AppleTalk routing.

Step 2 

Router(config)# interface {vlan vlan_ID} | {type1  slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}

Selects an interface to configure.

Step 3 

Router(config-if)# appletalk cable-range cable_range

Assigns a cable range to the interface.

Step 4 

Router(config-if)# appletalk zone zone_name

Assigns a zone name to the interface.

Step 5 

Router(config-if)# no shutdown

Enables the interface.

Step 6 

Router(config-if)# end

Exits configuration mode.

Step 7 

Router# show interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Router# show appletalk interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Router# show running-config interfaces [{vlan vlan_ID} | {type1 slot/port} | {port-channel port_channel_number}]

Verifies the configuration.

1 type = fastethernet, gigabitethernet, or tengigabitethernet

This example shows how to enable AppleTalk routing and assign an AppleTalk cable-range and zone name to interface VLAN 100:

Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)# appletalk routing
Router(config)# interface vlan 100
Router(config-if)# appletalk cable-range 100-100
Router(config-if)# appletalk zone Engineering
Router(config-if)# no shutdown
Router(config-if)# end 
Router# copy running-config startup-config

Configuring Other Protocols on Layer 3 Interfaces

See these publications for information about configuring other protocols on Layer 3 interfaces:

Cisco IOS Apollo Domain, VINES, DECnet, ISO CLNS, and XNS Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/apollo/configuration/guide/fapolo_c.html

Cisco IOS Apollo Domain, VINES, DECnet, ISO CLNS, and XNS Command Reference, Release 12.2, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/apollo/command/reference/fapolo_r.html


Tip For additional information about Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches (including configuration examples and troubleshooting information), see the documents listed on this page:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps708/tsd_products_support_series_home.html

Participate in the Technical Documentation Ideas forum