Consolidated Platform Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS XE 3.3SE (Catalyst 3850 Switches)
Configuring Simple Network Management Protocol
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Configuring Simple Network Management Protocol

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest feature information and caveats, see the release notes for your platform and software release.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Prerequisites for SNMP

Supported SNMP Versions

This software release supports the following SNMP versions:
  • SNMPv1—The Simple Network Management Protocol, a Full Internet Standard, defined in RFC 1157.
  • SNMPv2C replaces the Party-based Administrative and Security Framework of SNMPv2Classic with the community-string-based Administrative Framework of SNMPv2C while retaining the bulk retrieval and improved error handling of SNMPv2Classic. It has these features:
    • SNMPv2—Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol, a Draft Internet Standard, defined in RFCs 1902 through 1907.
    • SNMPv2C—The community-string-based Administrative Framework for SNMPv2, an Experimental Internet Protocol defined in RFC 1901.
  • SNMPv3—Version 3 of the SNMP is an interoperable standards-based protocol defined in RFCs 2273 to 2275. SNMPv3 provides secure access to devices by authenticating and encrypting packets over the network and includes these security features:
    • Message integrity—Ensures that a packet was not tampered with in transit.
    • Authentication—Determines that the message is from a valid source.
    • Encryption—Mixes the contents of a package to prevent it from being read by an unauthorized source.

Note


To select encryption, enter the priv keyword.

Both SNMPv1 and SNMPv2C use a community-based form of security. The community of managers able to access the agent’s MIB is defined by an IP address access control list and password.

SNMPv2C includes a bulk retrieval function and more detailed error message reporting to management stations. The bulk retrieval function retrieves tables and large quantities of information, minimizing the number of round-trips required. The SNMPv2C improved error-handling includes expanded error codes that distinguish different kinds of error conditions; these conditions are reported through a single error code in SNMPv1. Error return codes in SNMPv2C report the error type.

SNMPv3 provides for both security models and security levels. A security model is an authentication strategy set up for a user and the group within which the user resides. A security level is the permitted level of security within a security model. A combination of the security level and the security model determine which security method is used when handling an SNMP packet. Available security models are SNMPv1, SNMPv2C, and SNMPv3.

The following table identifies characteristics and compares different combinations of security models and levels:

Table 1 SNMP Security Models and Levels
Model Level Authentication Encryption Result
SNMPv1 noAuthNoPriv Community string No Uses a community string match for authentication.
SNMPv2C noAuthNoPriv Community string No Uses a community string match for authentication.
SNMPv3 noAuthNoPriv Username No Uses a username match for authentication.
SNMPv3 authNoPriv Message Digest 5 (MD5) or Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) No Provides authentication based on the HMAC-MD5 or HMAC-SHA algorithms.
SNMPv3 authPriv MD5 or SHA Data Encryption Standard (DES) or Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

Provides authentication based on the HMAC-MD5 or HMAC-SHA algorithms.

Allows specifying the User-based Security Model (USM) with these encryption algorithms:

  • DES 56-bit encryption in addition to authentication based on the CBC-DES (DES-56) standard.
  • 3DES 168-bit encryption
  • AES 128-bit, 192-bit, or 256-bit encryption

You must configure the SNMP agent to use the SNMP version supported by the management station. Because an agent can communicate with multiple managers, you can configure the software to support communications using SNMPv1, SNMPv2C, or SNMPv3.

Restrictions for SNMP

Version Restrictions

  • SNMPv1 does not support informs.

Information About SNMP

SNMP Overview

SNMP is an application-layer protocol that provides a message format for communication between managers and agents. The SNMP system consists of an SNMP manager, an SNMP agent, and a management information base (MIB). The SNMP manager can be part of a network management system (NMS) such as Cisco Prime Infrastructure. The agent and MIB reside on the switch. To configure SNMP on the switch, you define the relationship between the manager and the agent.

The SNMP agent contains MIB variables whose values the SNMP manager can request or change. A manager can get a value from an agent or store a value into the agent. The agent gathers data from the MIB, the repository for information about device parameters and network data. The agent can also respond to a manager's requests to get or set data.

An agent can send unsolicited traps to the manager. Traps are messages alerting the SNMP manager to a condition on the network. Traps can mean improper user authentication, restarts, link status (up or down), MAC address tracking, closing of a TCP connection, loss of connection to a neighbor, or other significant events.

The active switch handles the SNMP requests and traps for the whole switch stack. The active switch transparently manages any requests or traps that are related to all stack members. When a new active switch is elected, the new active switch continues to handle SNMP requests and traps as configured on the previous active switch, assuming that IP connectivity to the SNMP management stations is still in place after the new active switch has taken control.

SNMP Manager Functions

The SNMP manager uses information in the MIB to perform the operations described in the following table:

Table 2 SNMP Operations
Operation Description
get-request Retrieves a value from a specific variable.
get-next-request Retrieves a value from a variable within a table.1
get-bulk-request2 Retrieves large blocks of data, such as multiple rows in a table, that would otherwise require the transmission of many small blocks of data.
get-response Replies to a get-request, get-next-request, and set-request sent by an NMS.
set-request Stores a value in a specific variable.
trap An unsolicited message sent by an SNMP agent to an SNMP manager when some event has occurred.
1 With this operation, an SNMP manager does not need to know the exact variable name. A sequential search is performed to find the needed variable from within a table.
2 The get-bulk command only works with SNMPv2 or later.

SNMP Agent Functions

The SNMP agent responds to SNMP manager requests as follows:

  • Get a MIB variable—The SNMP agent begins this function in response to a request from the NMS. The agent retrieves the value of the requested MIB variable and responds to the NMS with that value.
  • Set a MIB variable—The SNMP agent begins this function in response to a message from the NMS. The SNMP agent changes the value of the MIB variable to the value requested by the NMS.

The SNMP agent also sends unsolicited trap messages to notify an NMS that a significant event has occurred on the agent. Examples of trap conditions include, but are not limited to, when a port or module goes up or down, when spanning-tree topology changes occur, and when authentication failures occur.

SNMP Community Strings

SNMP community strings authenticate access to MIB objects and function as embedded passwords. In order for the NMS to access the switch, the community string definitions on the NMS must match at least one of the three community string definitions on the switch.

A community string can have one of the following attributes:

  • Read-only (RO)—Gives all objects in the MIB except the community strings read access to authorized management stations, but does not allow write access.
  • Read-write (RW)—Gives all objects in the MIB read and write access to authorized management stations, but does not allow access to the community strings.
  • When a cluster is created, the command switch manages the exchange of messages among member switches and the SNMP application. The Network Assistant software appends the member switch number (@esN, where N is the switch number) to the first configured RW and RO community strings on the command switch and propagates them to the member switches.

SNMP MIB Variables Access

An example of an NMS is the Cisco Prime Infrastructure network management software. Cisco Prime Infrastructure 2.0 software uses the switch MIB variables to set device variables and to poll devices on the network for specific information. The results of a poll can be displayed as a graph and analyzed to troubleshoot internetworking problems, increase network performance, verify the configuration of devices, monitor traffic loads, and more.

As shown in the figure, the SNMP agent gathers data from the MIB. The agent can send traps, or notification of certain events, to the SNMP manager, which receives and processes the traps. Traps alert the SNMP manager to a condition on the network such as improper user authentication, restarts, link status (up or down), MAC address tracking, and so forth. The SNMP agent also responds to MIB-related queries sent by the SNMP manager in get-request, get-next-request, and set-request format.

Figure 1. SNMP Network

SNMP Notifications

SNMP allows the switch to send notifications to SNMP managers when particular events occur. SNMP notifications can be sent as traps or inform requests. In command syntax, unless there is an option in the command to select either traps or informs, the keyword traps refers to either traps or informs, or both. Use the snmp-server host command to specify whether to send SNMP notifications as traps or informs.


Note


SNMPv1 does not support informs.

Traps are unreliable because the receiver does not send an acknowledgment when it receives a trap, and the sender cannot determine if the trap was received. When an SNMP manager receives an inform request, it acknowledges the message with an SNMP response protocol data unit (PDU). If the sender does not receive a response, the inform request can be sent again. Because they can be resent, informs are more likely than traps to reach their intended destination.

The characteristics that make informs more reliable than traps also consume more resources in the switch and in the network. Unlike a trap, which is discarded as soon as it is sent, an inform request is held in memory until a response is received or the request times out. Traps are sent only once, but an inform might be resent or retried several times. The retries increase traffic and contribute to a higher overhead on the network. Therefore, traps and informs require a trade-off between reliability and resources. If it is important that the SNMP manager receive every notification, use inform requests. If traffic on the network or memory in the switch is a concern and notification is not required, use traps.

SNMP ifIndex MIB Object Values

In an NMS, the IF-MIB generates and assigns an interface index (ifIndex) object value that is a unique number greater than zero to identify a physical or a logical interface. When the switch reboots or the switch software is upgraded, the switch uses this same value for the interface. For example, if the switch assigns a port 2 an ifIndex value of 10003, this value is the same after the switch reboots.

The switch uses one of the values in the following table to assign an ifIndex value to an interface:

Table 3 ifIndex Values
Interface Type ifIndex Range
SVI3 1–4999
EtherChannel 5000–5012
Loopback 5013–5077
Tunnel 5078–5142
Physical (such as Gigabit Ethernet or SFP4-module interfaces) 10000–14500
Null 14501
3 SVI = switch virtual interface
4 SFP = small form-factor pluggable

Default SNMP Configuration

Feature Default Setting
SNMP agent Disabled5.
SNMP trap receiver None configured.
SNMP traps None enabled except the trap for TCP connections (tty).
SNMP version If no version keyword is present, the default is Version 1.
SNMPv3 authentication If no keyword is entered, the default is the noauth (noAuthNoPriv) security level.
SNMP notification type If no type is specified, all notifications are sent.
5 This is the default when the switch starts and the startup configuration does not have any snmp-server global configuration commands.

SNMP Configuration Guidelines

If the switch starts and the switch startup configuration has at least one snmp-server global configuration command, the SNMP agent is enabled.

An SNMP group is a table that maps SNMP users to SNMP views. An SNMP user is a member of an SNMP group. An SNMP host is the recipient of an SNMP trap operation. An SNMP engine ID is a name for the local or remote SNMP engine.

When configuring SNMP, follow these guidelines:

  • When configuring an SNMP group, do not specify a notify view. The snmp-server host global configuration command auto-generates a notify view for the user and then adds it to the group associated with that user. Modifying the group's notify view affects all users associated with that group.
  • To configure a remote user, specify the IP address or port number for the remote SNMP agent of the device where the user resides.
  • Before you configure remote users for a particular agent, configure the SNMP engine ID, using the snmp-server engineID global configuration command with the remote option. The remote agent's SNMP engine ID and user password are used to compute the authentication and privacy digests. If you do not configure the remote engine ID first, the configuration command fails.
  • When configuring SNMP informs, you need to configure the SNMP engine ID for the remote agent in the SNMP database before you can send proxy requests or informs to it.
  • If a local user is not associated with a remote host, the switch does not send informs for the auth (authNoPriv) and the priv (authPriv) authentication levels.
  • Changing the value of the SNMP engine ID has significant results. A user's password (entered on the command line) is converted to an MD5 or SHA security digest based on the password and the local engine ID. The command-line password is then destroyed, as required by RFC 2274. Because of this deletion, if the value of the engine ID changes, the security digests of SNMPv3 users become invalid, and you need to reconfigure SNMP users by using the snmp-server user username global configuration command. Similar restrictions require the reconfiguration of community strings when the engine ID changes.

How to Configure SNMP

Disabling the SNMP Agent

The no snmp-server global configuration command disables all running versions (Version 1, Version 2C, and Version 3) of the SNMP agent on the device. You reenable all versions of the SNMP agent by the first snmp-server global configuration command that you enter. There is no Cisco IOS command specifically designated for enabling SNMP.

Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to disable the SNMP agent.

Before You Begin

The SNMP Agent must be enabled before it can be disabled. The SNMP agent is enabled by the first snmp-server global configuration command entered on the device.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    configure terminal

    2.    no snmp-server

    3.    end


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 configure terminal


    Example:
    
                
              
    Switch# configure terminal
    
    
     

    Enters the global configuration mode.

     
    Step 2 no snmp-server


    Example:
    Switch(config)# no snmp-server
     

    Disables the SNMP agent operation.

     
    Step 3 end


    Example:
    
                
              
    Switch(config)# end
    
    
     

    Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring Community Strings

    You use the SNMP community string to define the relationship between the SNMP manager and the agent. The community string acts like a password to permit access to the agent on the switch. Optionally, you can specify one or more of these characteristics associated with the string:

    • An access list of IP addresses of the SNMP managers that are permitted to use the community string to gain access to the agent
    • A MIB view, which defines the subset of all MIB objects accessible to the given community
    • Read and write or read-only permission for the MIB objects accessible to the community

    Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to configure a community string on the switch.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    configure terminal

      2.    snmp-server community string [view view-name] [ro | rw] [access-list-number]

      3.    access-list access-list-number {deny | permit} source [source-wildcard]

      4.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
        Command or Action Purpose
      Step 1 configure terminal


      Example:
      
                  
                
      Switch# configure terminal
      
      
       

      Enters the global configuration mode.

       
      Step 2 snmp-server community string [view view-name] [ro | rw] [access-list-number]


      Example:
      Switch(config)# snmp-server community comaccess ro 4
       

      Configures the community string.

      Note    The @ symbol is used for delimiting the context information. Avoid using the @ symbol as part of the SNMP community string when configuring this command.
      • For string, specify a string that acts like a password and permits access to the SNMP protocol. You can configure one or more community strings of any length.
      • (Optional) For view-name, specify the view record accessible to the community.
      • (Optional) Specify either read-only (ro) if you want authorized management stations to retrieve MIB objects, or specify read-write (rw) if you want authorized management stations to retrieve and modify MIB objects. By default, the community string permits read-only access to all objects.
      • (Optional) For access-list-number, enter an IP standard access list numbered from 1 to 99 and 1300 to 1999.
       
      Step 3 access-list access-list-number {deny | permit} source [source-wildcard]


      Example:
      Switch(config)# access-list 4 deny any
       

      (Optional) If you specified an IP standard access list number in Step 2, then create the list, repeating the command as many times as necessary.

      • For access-list-number, enter the access list number specified in Step 2.
      • The deny keyword denies access if the conditions are matched. The permit keyword permits access if the conditions are matched.
      • For source, enter the IP address of the SNMP managers that are permitted to use the community string to gain access to the agent.
      • (Optional) For source-wildcard, enter the wildcard bits in dotted decimal notation to be applied to the source. Place ones in the bit positions that you want to ignore.

      Recall that the access list is always terminated by an implicit deny statement for everything.

       
      Step 4 end


      Example:
      
                  
                
      Switch(config)# end
      
      
       

      Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

       

      This example shows how to assign the comaccess string to SNMP, to allow read-only access, and to specify that IP access list 4 can use the community string to gain access to the switch SNMP agent:

      Switch(config)# snmp-server community comaccess ro 4
      What to Do Next

      To disable access for an SNMP community, set the community string for that community to the null string (do not enter a value for the community string).

      To remove a specific community string, use the no snmp-server community string global configuration command.

      You can specify an identification name (engine ID) for the local or remote SNMP server engine on the switch. You can configure an SNMP server group that maps SNMP users to SNMP views, and you can add new users to the SNMP group.

      Configuring SNMP Groups and Users

      You can specify an identification name (engine ID) for the local or remote SNMP server engine on the switch. You can configure an SNMP server group that maps SNMP users to SNMP views, and you can add new users to the SNMP group.

      Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to configure SNMP groups and users on the switch.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    configure terminal

        2.    snmp-server engineID {local engineid-string | remote ip-address [udp-port port-number] engineid-string}

        3.    snmp-server group group-name {v1 | v2c | v3 {auth | noauth | priv}} [read readview] [write writeview] [notify notifyview] [access access-list]

        4.    snmp-server user username group-name {remote host [ udp-port port]} {v1 [access access-list] | v2c [access access-list] | v3 [encrypted] [access access-list] [auth {md5 | sha} auth-password] } [priv {des | 3des | aes {128 | 192 | 256}} priv-password]

        5.    end


      DETAILED STEPS
          Command or Action Purpose
        Step 1 configure terminal


        Example:
        
                    
                  
        Switch# configure terminal
        
        
         

        Enters the global configuration mode.

         
        Step 2 snmp-server engineID {local engineid-string | remote ip-address [udp-port port-number] engineid-string}


        Example:
        Switch(config)# snmp-server engineID local 1234
         

        Configures a name for either the local or remote copy of SNMP.

        • The engineid-string is a 24-character ID string with the name of the copy of SNMP. You need not specify the entire 24-character engine ID if it has trailing zeros. Specify only the portion of the engine ID up to the point where only zeros remain in the value. The Step Example configures an engine ID of 123400000000000000000000.
        • If you select remote, specify the ip-address of the device that contains the remote copy of SNMP and the optional User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port on the remote device. The default is 162.
         
        Step 3 snmp-server group group-name {v1 | v2c | v3 {auth | noauth | priv}} [read readview] [write writeview] [notify notifyview] [access access-list]


        Example:
        Switch(config)# snmp-server group public v2c access lmnop
         

        Configures a new SNMP group on the remote device.

        For group-name, specify the name of the group.

        Specify one of the following security models:

        • v1 is the least secure of the possible security models.
        • v2c is the second least secure model. It allows transmission of informs and integers twice the normal width.
        • v3, the most secure, requires you to select one of the following authentication levels: auth—Enables the Message Digest 5 (MD5) and the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) packet authentication. noauth—Enables the noAuthNoPriv security level. This is the default if no keyword is specified. priv—Enables Data Encryption Standard (DES) packet encryption (also called privacy).

        (Optional) Enter read readview with a string (not to exceed 64 characters) that is the name of the view in which you can only view the contents of the agent.

        (Optional) Enter write writeview with a string (not to exceed 64 characters) that is the name of the view in which you enter data and configure the contents of the agent.

        (Optional) Enter notify notifyview with a string (not to exceed 64 characters) that is the name of the view in which you specify a notify, inform, or trap.

        (Optional) Enter access access-list with a string (not to exceed 64 characters) that is the name of the access list.

         
        Step 4 snmp-server user username group-name {remote host [ udp-port port]} {v1 [access access-list] | v2c [access access-list] | v3 [encrypted] [access access-list] [auth {md5 | sha} auth-password] } [priv {des | 3des | aes {128 | 192 | 256}} priv-password]


        Example:
        Switch(config)#  snmp-server user Pat public v2c
         

        Adds a new user for an SNMP group.

        The username is the name of the user on the host that connects to the agent.

        The group-name is the name of the group to which the user is associated.

        Enter remote to specify a remote SNMP entity to which the user belongs and the hostname or IP address of that entity with the optional UDP port number. The default is 162.

        Enter the SNMP version number (v1, v2c, or v3). If you enter v3, you have these additional options:

        • encrypted specifies that the password appears in encrypted format. This keyword is available only when the v3 keyword is specified.
        • auth is an authentication level setting session that can be either the HMAC-MD5-96 (md5) or the HMAC-SHA-96 (sha) authentication level and requires a password string auth-password (not to exceed 64 characters).

        If you enter v3 you can also configure a private (priv) encryption algorithm and password string priv-password using the following keywords (not to exceed 64 characters):

        • priv specifies the User-based Security Model (USM).
        • des specifies the use of the 56-bit DES algorithm.
        • 3des specifies the use of the 168-bit DES algorithm.
        • aes specifies the use of the DES algorithm. You must select either 128-bit, 192-bit, or 256-bit encryption.

        (Optional) Enter access access-list with a string (not to exceed 64 characters) that is the name of the access list.

         
        Step 5 end


        Example:
        
                    
                  
        Switch(config)# end
        
        
         

        Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

         

        Configuring SNMP Notifications

        A trap manager is a management station that receives and processes traps. Traps are system alerts that the switch generates when certain events occur. By default, no trap manager is defined, and no traps are sent. Switches running this Cisco IOS release can have an unlimited number of trap managers.


        Note


        Many commands use the word traps in the command syntax. Unless there is an option in the command to select either traps or informs, the keyword traps refers to traps, informs, or both. Use the snmp-server host global configuration command to specify whether to send SNMP notifications as traps or informs.

        You can use the snmp-server host global configuration command for a specific host to receive the notification types listed in the following table. You can enable any or all of these traps and configure a trap manager to receive them.

        Table 4 Device Notification Types
        Notification Type Keyword Description
        bridge Generates STP bridge MIB traps.
        cluster Generates a trap when the cluster configuration changes.
        config Generates a trap for SNMP configuration changes.
        copy-config Generates a trap for SNMP copy configuration changes.
        cpu threshold Allow CPU-related traps.
        entity Generates a trap for SNMP entity changes.
        envmon Generates environmental monitor traps. You can enable any or all of these environmental traps: fan, shutdown, status, supply, temperature.
        flash Generates SNMP FLASH notifications. In a switch stack, you can optionally enable notification for flash insertion or removal, which would cause a trap to be issued whenever a switch in the stack is removed or inserted (physical removal, power cycle, or reload).
        fru-ctrl Generates entity field-replaceable unit (FRU) control traps. In the switch stack, this trap refers to the insertion or removal of a switch in the stack.
        hsrp Generates a trap for Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) changes.
        ipmulticast Generates a trap for IP multicast routing changes.
        mac-notification Generates a trap for MAC address notifications.
        ospf Generates a trap for Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) changes. You can enable any or all of these traps: Cisco specific, errors, link-state advertisement, rate limit, retransmit, and state changes.
        pim Generates a trap for Protocol-Independent Multicast (PIM) changes. You can enable any or all of these traps: invalid PIM messages, neighbor changes, and rendezvous point (RP)-mapping changes.
        port-security

        Generates SNMP port security traps. You can also set a maximum trap rate per second. The range is from 0 to 1000; the default is 0, which means that there is no rate limit.

        Note    When you configure a trap by using the notification type port-security, configure the port security trap first, and then configure the port security trap rate:
        1. snmp-server enable traps port-security
        2. snmp-server enable traps port-security trap-rate rate
        snmp Generates a trap for SNMP-type notifications for authentication, cold start, warm start, link up or link down.
        storm-control Generates a trap for SNMP storm-control. You can also set a maximum trap rate per minute. The range is from 0 to 1000; the default is 0 (no limit is imposed; a trap is sent at every occurrence).
        stpx Generates SNMP STP Extended MIB traps.
        syslog Generates SNMP syslog traps.
        tty Generates a trap for TCP connections. This trap is enabled by default.
        vlan-membership Generates a trap for SNMP VLAN membership changes.
        vlancreate Generates SNMP VLAN created traps.
        vlandelete Generates SNMP VLAN deleted traps.
        vtp Generates a trap for VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) changes.

        Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to configure the switch to send traps or informs to a host.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    configure terminal

          2.    snmp-server engineID remote ip-address engineid-string

          3.    snmp-server user username group-name {remote host [ udp-port port]} {v1 [access access-list] | v2c [access access-list] | v3 [encrypted] [access access-list] [auth {md5 | sha} auth-password] }

          4.    snmp-server group group-name {v1 | v2c | v3 {auth | noauth | priv}} [read readview] [write writeview] [notify notifyview] [access access-list]

          5.    snmp-server host host-addr [informs | traps] [version {1 | 2c | 3 {auth | noauth | priv}}] community-string [notification-type]

          6.    snmp-server enable traps notification-types

          7.    snmp-server trap-source interface-id

          8.    snmp-server queue-length length

          9.    snmp-server trap-timeout seconds

          10.    end


        DETAILED STEPS
            Command or Action Purpose
          Step 1 configure terminal


          Example:
          
                      
                    
          Switch# configure terminal
          
          
           

          Enters the global configuration mode.

           
          Step 2 snmp-server engineID remote ip-address engineid-string


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server engineID remote 192.180.1.27 00000063000100a1c0b4011b
           

          Specifies the engine ID for the remote host.

           
          Step 3 snmp-server user username group-name {remote host [ udp-port port]} {v1 [access access-list] | v2c [access access-list] | v3 [encrypted] [access access-list] [auth {md5 | sha} auth-password] }


          Example:
          Switch(config)#  snmp-server user Pat public v2c
           

          Configures an SNMP user to be associated with the remote host created in Step 2.

          Note    You cannot configure a remote user for an address without first configuring the engine ID for the remote host. Otherwise, you receive an error message, and the command is not executed.
           
          Step 4 snmp-server group group-name {v1 | v2c | v3 {auth | noauth | priv}} [read readview] [write writeview] [notify notifyview] [access access-list]


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server group public v2c access lmnop
           

          Configures an SNMP group.

           
          Step 5 snmp-server host host-addr [informs | traps] [version {1 | 2c | 3 {auth | noauth | priv}}] community-string [notification-type]


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server host 203.0.113.1 comaccess snmp
           

          Specifies the recipient of an SNMP trap operation.

          For host-addr, specify the name or Internet address of the host (the targeted recipient).

          (Optional) Specify traps (the default) to send SNMP traps to the host. Specify informs to send SNMP informs to the host.

          (Optional) Specify the SNMP version (1, 2c, or 3). SNMPv1 does not support informs.

          (Optional) For Version 3, select authentication level auth, noauth, or priv.

          For community-string, when version 1 or version 2c is specified, enter the password-like community string sent with the notification operation. When version 3 is specified, enter the SNMPv3 username.

          The @ symbol is used for delimiting the context information. Avoid using the @ symbol as part of the SNMP community string when configuring this command.

          (Optional) For notification-type, use the keywords listed in the table above. If no type is specified, all notifications are sent.

           
          Step 6 snmp-server enable traps notification-types


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps snmp
           

          Enables the switch to send traps or informs and specifies the type of notifications to be sent. For a list of notification types, see the table above, or enter snmp-server enable traps ?

          To enable multiple types of traps, you must enter a separate snmp-server enable traps command for each trap type.

          Note    When you configure a trap by using the notification type port-security, configure the port security trap first, and then configure the port security trap rate:
          1. snmp-server enable traps port-security
          2. snmp-server enable traps port-security trap-rate rate
           
          Step 7 snmp-server trap-source interface-id


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server trap-source GigabitEthernet1/0/1
           

          (Optional) Specifies the source interface, which provides the IP address for the trap message. This command also sets the source IP address for informs.

           
          Step 8 snmp-server queue-length length


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server queue-length 20
           

          (Optional) Establishes the message queue length for each trap host. The range is 1 to 1000; the default is 10.

           
          Step 9 snmp-server trap-timeout seconds


          Example:
          Switch(config)# snmp-server trap-timeout 60
           

          (Optional) Defines how often to resend trap messages. The range is 1 to 1000; the default is 30 seconds.

           
          Step 10 end


          Example:
          
                      
                    
          Switch(config)# end
          
          
           

          Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

           
          What to Do Next

          The snmp-server host command specifies which hosts receive the notifications. The snmp-server enable trap command globally enables the method for the specified notification (for traps and informs). To enable a host to receive an inform, you must configure an snmp-server host informs command for the host and globally enable informs by using the snmp-server enable traps command.

          To remove the specified host from receiving traps, use the no snmp-server host host global configuration command. The no snmp-server host command with no keywords disables traps, but not informs, to the host. To disable informs, use the no snmp-server host informs global configuration command. To disable a specific trap type, use the no snmp-server enable traps notification-types global configuration command.

          Setting the Agent Contact and Location Information

          Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to set the system contact and location of the SNMP agent so that these descriptions can be accessed through the configuration file.

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    configure terminal

            2.    snmp-server contact text

            3.    snmp-server location text

            4.    end


          DETAILED STEPS
              Command or Action Purpose
            Step 1 configure terminal


            Example:
            
                        
                      
            Switch# configure terminal
            
            
             

            Enters the global configuration mode.

             
            Step 2 snmp-server contact text


            Example:
            Switch(config)# snmp-server contact Dial System Operator at beeper 21555
             

            Sets the system contact string.

             
            Step 3 snmp-server location text


            Example:
            Switch(config)# snmp-server location Building 3/Room 222
             

            Sets the system location string.

             
            Step 4 end


            Example:
            
                        
                      
            Switch(config)# end
            
            
             

            Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

             

            Limiting TFTP Servers Used Through SNMP

            Beginning in privileged EXEC mode, follow these steps to limit the TFTP servers used for saving and loading configuration files through SNMP to the servers specified in an access list.

            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    configure terminal

              2.    snmp-server tftp-server-list access-list-number

              3.    access-list access-list-number {deny | permit} source [source-wildcard]

              4.    end


            DETAILED STEPS
                Command or Action Purpose
              Step 1 configure terminal


              Example:
              
                          
                        
              Switch# configure terminal
              
              
               

              Enters the global configuration mode.

               
              Step 2 snmp-server tftp-server-list access-list-number


              Example:
              Switch(config)# snmp-server tftp-server-list 44
               

              Limits the TFTP servers used for configuration file copies through SNMP to the servers in the access list.

              For access-list-number, enter an IP standard access list numbered from 1 to 99 and 1300 to 1999.

               
              Step 3 access-list access-list-number {deny | permit} source [source-wildcard]


              Example:
              Switch(config)# access-list 44 permit 10.1.1.2
               

              Creates a standard access list, repeating the command as many times as necessary.

              For access-list-number, enter the access list number specified in Step 2.

              The deny keyword denies access if the conditions are matched. The permit keyword permits access if the conditions are matched.

              For source, enter the IP address of the TFTP servers that can access the switch.

              (Optional) For source-wildcard, enter the wildcard bits, in dotted decimal notation, to be applied to the source. Place ones in the bit positions that you want to ignore.

              The access list is always terminated by an implicit deny statement for everything.

               
              Step 4 end


              Example:
              
                          
                        
              Switch(config)# end
              
              
               

              Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

               

              Configuring Trap Flags for SNMP

              SUMMARY STEPS

                1.    configure terminal

                2.    trapflags ap { interfaceup | register}

                3.    trapflags client {dot11 | excluded}

                4.    trapflags dot11-security {ids-sig-attack | wep-decrypt-error}

                5.    trapflags mesh

                6.    trapflags rogueap

                7.    trapflags rrm-params {channels | tx-power}

                8.    trapflags rrm-profile {coverage | interference | load | noise}

                9.    end


              DETAILED STEPS
                  Command or Action Purpose
                Step 1 configure terminal


                Example:
                
                            
                          
                Switch# configure terminal
                
                
                 

                Enters the global configuration mode.

                 
                Step 2 trapflags ap { interfaceup | register}


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags ap interfaceup
                
                 
                Enables sending AP-related traps. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.
                • interfaceup– Enables trap when a Cisco AP interface (A or B) comes up.
                • register– Enables trap when a Cisco AP registers with a Cisco switch.
                 
                Step 3 trapflags client {dot11 | excluded}


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags client excluded
                
                 
                Enables sending client-related dot11 traps. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.
                • dot11– Enables Dot11 traps for clients.
                • excluded– Enables excluded traps for clients.
                 
                Step 4 trapflags dot11-security {ids-sig-attack | wep-decrypt-error}


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags dot11-security wep-decrypt-error
                
                 
                Enables sending 802.11 security-related traps. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.
                • ids-sig-attack– Enables IDS signature attack traps.
                • wep-decrypt-error– Enables traps for WEP decrypt error for clients.
                 
                Step 5 trapflags mesh


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags mesh
                
                 

                Enables trap for the mesh. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.

                 
                Step 6 trapflags rogueap


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags rogueap
                
                 

                Enables trap for rogue AP detection. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.

                 
                Step 7 trapflags rrm-params {channels | tx-power}


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags rrm-params tx-power
                
                 
                Enables sending RRM-parameter update-related traps. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.
                • channels– Enables trap when RF Manager automatically changes a channel number for the Cisco AP interface.
                • tx-power– Enables the trap when RF Manager automatically changes Tx-Power level for the Cisco AP interface.
                 
                Step 8 trapflags rrm-profile {coverage | interference | load | noise}


                Example:
                 
                Switch(config)# trapflags rrm-profile interference
                
                 
                Enables sending RRM-profile-related traps. Use the no form of the command to disable the trap flags.
                • coverage– Enables the trap when the coverage profile maintained by RF Manager fails.
                • interference– Enables the trap when the interference profile maintained by RF Manager fails.
                • load– Enables trap when the load profile maintained by RF Manager fails.
                • noise– Enables trap when the noise profile maintained by RF Manager fails.
                 
                Step 9 end


                Example:
                
                            
                          
                Switch(config)# end
                
                
                 

                Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                 

                Enabling SNMP Wireless Trap Notification

                SUMMARY STEPS

                  1.    configure terminal

                  2.    snmp-server enable traps wireless [AP | RRM | bsn80211SecurityTrap | bsnAPParamUpdate | bsnAPProfile | bsnAccessPoint | bsnMobileStation | bsnRogue | client | mfp | rogue]

                  3.    end


                DETAILED STEPS
                    Command or Action Purpose
                  Step 1 configure terminal


                  Example:
                  
                              
                            
                  Switch# configure terminal
                  
                  
                   

                  Enters the global configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 2 snmp-server enable traps wireless [AP | RRM | bsn80211SecurityTrap | bsnAPParamUpdate | bsnAPProfile | bsnAccessPoint | bsnMobileStation | bsnRogue | client | mfp | rogue]


                  Example:
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps wireless AP
                  
                   

                  Enables SNMP wireless trap notification.

                  • AP– Enables access point traps.
                  • RRM– Enables RRM traps.
                  • bsn80211SecurityTrap– Enables the security-related trap.
                  • bsnAPParamUpdate– Enables the trap for AP parameters that get updated.
                  • bsnAPProfile– Enables BSN AP profile traps.
                  • bsnAccessPoint– Enables BSN access point traps.
                  • bsnMobileStation– Controls wireless client traps.
                  • bsnRogue– Enables BSN rogue-related traps.
                  • client– Enables client traps.
                  • mfp– Enables MFP traps.
                  • rogue– Enables rogue-related traps.
                   
                  Step 3 end


                  Example:
                  
                              
                            
                  Switch(config)# end
                  
                  
                   

                  Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

                   

                  Monitoring SNMP Status

                  To display SNMP input and output statistics, including the number of illegal community string entries, errors, and requested variables, use the show snmp privileged EXEC command. You also can use the other privileged EXEC commands listed in the table to display SNMP information.

                  Table 5 Commands for Displaying SNMP Information
                  Command Purpose

                  show snmp

                  Displays SNMP statistics.

                  show snmp engineID

                  Displays information on the local SNMP engine and all remote engines that have been configured on the device.

                  show snmp group

                  Displays information on each SNMP group on the network.

                  show snmp pending

                  Displays information on pending SNMP requests.

                  show snmp sessions

                  Displays information on the current SNMP sessions.

                  show snmp user

                  Displays information on each SNMP user name in the SNMP users table.

                  Note    You must use this command to display SNMPv3 configuration information for auth | noauth | priv mode. This information is not displayed in the show running-config output.

                  SNMP Examples

                  This example shows how to enable all versions of SNMP. The configuration permits any SNMP manager to access all objects with read-only permissions using the community string public. This configuration does not cause the switch to send any traps.

                  Switch(config)# snmp-server community public

                  This example shows how to permit any SNMP manager to access all objects with read-only permission using the community string public. The switch also sends VTP traps to the hosts 192.180.1.111 and 192.180.1.33 using SNMPv1 and to the host 192.180.1.27 using SNMPv2C. The community string public is sent with the traps.

                  Switch(config)# snmp-server community public
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps vtp
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.180.1.27 version 2c public
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.180.1.111 version 1 public
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.180.1.33 public

                  This example shows how to allow read-only access for all objects to members of access list 4 that use the comaccess community string. No other SNMP managers have access to any objects. SNMP Authentication Failure traps are sent by SNMPv2C to the host cisco.com using the community string public.

                  Switch(config)# snmp-server community comaccess ro 4
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps snmp authentication
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host cisco.com version 2c public

                  This example shows how to send Entity MIB traps to the host cisco.com. The community string is restricted. The first line enables the switch to send Entity MIB traps in addition to any traps previously enabled. The second line specifies the destination of these traps and overwrites any previous snmp-server host commands for the host cisco.com.

                  Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps entity
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host cisco.com restricted entity

                  This example shows how to enable the switch to send all traps to the host myhost.cisco.com using the community string public:

                  Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host myhost.cisco.com public

                  This example shows how to associate a user with a remote host and to send auth (authNoPriv) authentication-level informs when the user enters global configuration mode:

                  Switch(config)# snmp-server engineID remote 192.180.1.27 00000063000100a1c0b4011b
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server group authgroup v3 auth
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server user authuser authgroup remote 192.180.1.27 v3 auth md5 mypassword
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server user authuser authgroup v3 auth md5 mypassword
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.180.1.27 informs version 3 auth authuser config
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server enable traps
                  Switch(config)# snmp-server inform retries 0