Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Configuration Guide, Release 4.0
Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files
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Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

Table Of Contents

Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

Information About the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

File Systems

Directories

Files

Virtualization Support

Licensing Requirements for Configuration Files

Using the Tab Key for Completing Filenames

Formatting External Flash Devices

Working with Directories

Identifying the Current Directory

Changing the Current Directory

Creating a Directory

Displaying Directory Contents

Deleting a Directory

Accessing Directories on the Standby Supervisor Module

Working with Files

Moving Files

Copying Files

Deleting Files

Displaying File Contents

Displaying File Checksums

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

Displaying the Last Lines in a File

Redirecting show Command Output to a File

Finding Files

Examples of Using the File System

Accessing Directories on Standby Supervisor Modules

Moving Files

Copying Files

Deleting Files

Displaying File Contents

Displaying File Checksums

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

Redirecting show Command Output

Finding Files

Default Settings

Additional References

Related Documents


Using the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files


This chapter describes how to use the files systems on the Cisco NX-OS device.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

Licensing Requirements for Configuration Files

Using the Tab Key for Completing Filenames

Formatting External Flash Devices

Working with Directories

Working with Files

Examples of Using the File System

Default Settings

Additional References

Information About the Device File Systems, Directories, and Files

This section includes the following topics:

File Systems

Directories

Files

Virtualization Support

File Systems

The syntax for specifying a local file system is filesystem:[//module/]. Table 6-1 describes file systems that you can reference on your device.

Table 6-1 File System Syntax Components 

File System Name
Module
Description

bootflash

sup-active
sup-local

Internal CompactFlash memory located on the active supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files. The initial default directory is bootflash.

sup-standby
sup-remote

Internal CompactFlash memory located on the standby supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

slot0

 

External CompactFlash memory installed in a supervisor module used for storing system images, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

volatile

Volatile random-access memory (VRAM) located on a supervisor module used for temporary or pending changes.

nvram

Nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM) located on a supervisor module used for storing the startup-configuration file.

log

Memory on the active supervisor that stores logging file statistics.

system

Memory on a supervisor module used for storing the running-configuration file.

debug

Memory on a supervisor module used for debug logs.

usb1

External USB flash memory installed in a supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.

usb2

External USB flash memory installed in a supervisor module used for storing image files, configuration files, and other miscellaneous files.


Directories

You can create directories on bootflash: and external Flash memory (slot0:, usb1:, and usb2:). You can navigate through these directories and use them for files.

Files

You create and access files on bootflash:. volatile:, slot0:, usb1:, and usb2: file systems. You can only access files on the system: file systems. You can use the debug: file system for debug log files specified in the debug logfile command. You can also download files, such as system image files, from remote servers using FTP, Secure Copy (SCP), Secure Shell FTP (SFTP), and TFTP.

Virtualization Support

Most file system, directory, and file configuration and operations are local to the virtual device context (VDC). One exception is formatting an external Flash device, which must be performed from the default VDC. For more information on VDCs. For more information on VDCs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 4.0.

Licensing Requirements for Configuration Files

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product
License Requirement

NX-OS

Using the file systems, directories, and files requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Licensing Guide, Release 4.0.


Using the Tab Key for Completing Filenames

You can use the Tab key to complete partial filenames. When you type a partial filename and then press the Tab key, the NX-OS software completes the filename if the characters you typed are unique to a single file. If the partial name is not unique, the NX-OS software lists a selection of filenames that match the characters you typed, as shown in this example:

switch# show file bootflash:e<Tab>
bootflash:eem_logs      bootflash:epld.tar.gz   
bootflash:epld.scr      bootflash:eth_span.log  
switch# show file bootflash:e

You can then type enough characters to make the filename unique and NX-OS completes the filename for you.

Formatting External Flash Devices

You can format an external Flash device to erase the contents from the default VDC and restore it to its factory-shipped state.


Note For information on recovering corrupted bootflash using formatting, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Troubleshooting Guide, Release 4.0.


BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure you are in the default VDC.

Insert the external Flash device in the active supervisor module.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. dir {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}

1. format {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

dir {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}


Example:

switch# dir slot0:

(Optional) Displays the contents of an external Flash device.

Step 2 

format {slot0: | usb1: | usb2:}


Example:
switch# format slot0:

Formats an external Flash device.

Working with Directories

This section includes the following topics:

Identifying the Current Directory

Changing the Current Directory

Creating a Directory

Displaying Directory Contents

Deleting a Directory

Accessing Directories on the Standby Supervisor Module

Identifying the Current Directory

You can display the directory name of your current directory.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:
switch# pwd

Displays the name of your current default directory.

Changing the Current Directory

You can change the current directory for file system operations. The initial default directory is bootflash:.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

2. cd {directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:

switch# pwd

(Optional) Displays the name of your current default directory.

Step 2 

cd {directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]}


Example:

switch# cd slot0:

Changes to a new current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

Creating a Directory

You can create directories in the bootflash: and Flash device file systems.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

2. cd {directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]}

3. mkdir [filesystem:[//module/]]directory

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:

switch# pwd

(Optional) Displays the name of your current default directory.

Step 2 

cd {directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]}


Example:

switch# cd slot0:

(Optional) Changes to a new current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

Step 3 

mkdir [filesystem:[//module/]]directory


Example:

switch# mkdir test

Creates a new directory. The filesystem argument is case sensitive. The directory argument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum of 64 characters.

Displaying Directory Contents

You can display the contents of a directory.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

dir [directory | filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:

switch# dir bootflash:test

Displays the directory contents. The default is the current working directory. The file system and directory names are case sensitive.

Deleting a Directory

You can remove directories from the file systems on your device.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that the directory is empty before you try to delete it (see the "Deleting Files" section).

SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

2. dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]

3. rmdir [filesystem:[//module/]]directory

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:

switch# pwd

(Optional) Displays the name of your current default directory.

Step 2 

dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:

switch# dir bootflash:test

(Optional) Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

If the directory is not empty, you must delete all the files before you can delete the directory (see the "Deleting Files" section).

Step 3 

rmdir [filesystem:[//module/]]directory


Example:

switch# mkdir test

Deletes a directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

Accessing Directories on the Standby Supervisor Module

You can access all file systems on the standby supervisor module (remote) from a session on the active supervisor module. This feature is useful when copying files to the active supervisor modules requires similar files to exist on the standby supervisor module. To access the file systems on the standby supervisor module from a session on the active supervisor module, you specify the standby supervisor module in the path to the file using either filesystem://sup-remote/ or filesystem://sup-standby/.

Working with Files

This section includes the following topics:

Moving Files

Copying Files

Deleting Files

Displaying File Contents

Displaying File Checksums

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

Displaying the Last Lines in a File

Redirecting show Command Output to a File

Finding Files

Moving Files

You can move a files from one directory to another directory.


Caution If a file with the same name already exists in the destination directory, that file is overwritten by the moved file.


Tip You can use the move command to rename a file by moving the file within the same directory.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

2. dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]

3. move [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]source-filename {{filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/}[target-filename] | target-filename}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:

switch# pwd

(Optional) Displays the name of your current default directory.

Step 2 

dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:

switch# dir bootflash

(Optional) Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

Step 3 

move [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]source-filename {{filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/}[target-filename] | target-filename}


Example:

switch# move test old_tests/test1

Moves a file.

The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive.

The target-filename argument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum of 64 characters. If the target-filename argument is not specified, the filename defaults to the source-filename argument value.

Copying Files

You can make copies of files, either within the same directory or on another directory.


Note Use the dir command to ensure that enough space is available in the target file system. If enough space is not available, use the delete command to remove unneeded files.


SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

2. dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]

3. copy [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]source-filename {{filesystem:[//module/][directory/]] | directory/}[target-filename]

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:

switch# pwd

(Optional) Displays the name of your current default directory.

Step 2 

dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:

switch# dir bootflash

(Optional) Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

Step 3 

copy [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]source-filename | {filesystem:[//module/][directory/]] | directory/}[target-filename]


Example:

switch# move test old_tests/test1

Copies a file. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive. The source-filename argument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum of 64 characters. If the target-filename argument is not specified, the filename defaults to the source-filename argument value.

Deleting Files

You can delete a file or a directory and all its contents.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]

2. delete {filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/}filename

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:

switch# dir bootflash

(Optional) Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

Step 2 

delete {filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/}filename


Example:

switch# move test old_tests/test1

Deletes a file. The file system, module, and directory names are case sensitive. The source-filename argument is case sensitive.


Caution If you specify a directory, the delete command deletes the entire directory and all its contents.

Displaying File Contents

You can display the contents of a file.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. show file [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

show file [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename

Example:

switch# show file bootflash:test-results

Displays the file contents.

Displaying File Checksums

You can display checksums to check the file integrity.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. show file [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename {cksum | md5sum}

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

show file [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename {cksum | md5sum}

Example:

switch# show file bootflash:trunks2.cfg cksum

Displays the checksum or MD5 checksum of the file.

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

You can compress and uncompress files on your NX-OS device using Lempel-Ziv 1977 (LZ77) coding.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]

2. gzip [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename

gunzip [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename.gz

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

dir [filesystem:[//module/][directory]]


Example:

switch# dir bootflash

(Optional) Displays the contents of the current directory. The file system and directory name are case sensitive.

Step 2 

gzip [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename


Example:

switch# gzip show_tech

Compresses a file. After the file is compressed, it has a .gz prefix.

gunzip [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename.gz


Example:

switch# gunzip show_tech.gz

Uncompresses a file. The file to uncompress must have the .gz prefix. After the file is uncompressed, it does not have the .gz prefix.

Displaying the Last Lines in a File

You can display the last lines of a file.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. tail [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename [lines]

DETAILED STEPS

Step
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

tail [filesystem:[//module/]][directory/]filename [lines]

Example:

switch# tail ospf-gr.conf

Displays the last lines of a file. The default number of lines is 10. The range is from 0 to 80 lines.

Redirecting show Command Output to a File

You can redirect show command output to a file on bootflash:, slot0:, volatile:, or on a remote server.

For information about saving configuration files, see Chapter 7, "Working with Configuration Files".

SUMMARY STEPS

1. show-command > [filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory/]filename

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

show-command > [filesystem:[//module/][directory]] directory/]filename


Example:

switch# show tech-support > bootflash:techinfo

Redirects the output from a show command to a file.

Finding Files

You can find the files in the current working directory and its subdirectories that have names that begin with a specific character string.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. pwd

2. cd {filesystem:[//module/][directory/] | directory}

3. find filename-prefix

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

pwd


Example:

switch# pwd

(Optional) Displays the name of your current default directory.

Step 2 

cd {filesystem:[//module/][directory]} directory}


Example:

switch# cd bootflash:test_scripts

(Optional) Changes the default directory.

Step 3 

find filename-prefix


Example:

switch# find bgp_script

Finds all filenames in the default directory and in its subdirectories beginning with the filename prefix. The filename prefix is case sensitive.

Examples of Using the File System

This section includes the following topics:

Accessing Directories on Standby Supervisor Modules

Moving Files

Copying Files

Deleting Files

Displaying File Contents

Displaying File Contents

Displaying File Checksums

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

Accessing Directories on Standby Supervisor Modules

This example shows how to list the files on the standby supervisor module:

switch# dir bootflash://sup-remote
   12198912     Aug 27 16:29:18 2003  m9500-sf1ek9-kickstart-mzg.1.3.0.39a.bin
    1864931     Apr 29 12:41:59 2003  dplug2
      12288     Apr 18 20:23:11 2003  lost+found/
   12097024     Nov 21 16:34:18 2003  m9500-sf1ek9-kickstart-mz.1.3.1.1.bin
   41574014     Nov 21 16:34:47 2003  m9500-sf1ek9-mz.1.3.1.1.bin
Usage for bootflash://sup-remote
   67747169 bytes used
  116812447 bytes free
  184559616 bytes total

This example shows how to delete a file on the standby supervisor module:

switch# delete bootflash://sup-remote/aOldConfig.txt

Moving Files

This example shows how to move a file on an external Flash device:

switch# move slot0:samplefile slot0:mystorage/samplefile

This example shows how to move a file in the default file system:

switch# move samplefile mystorage/samplefile

Copying Files

This example shows how to copy the file called samplefile from the root directory of the slot0: file system to the mystorage directory:

switch# copy slot0:samplefile slot0:mystorage/samplefile

This example shows how to copy a file from the current directory level:

switch# copy samplefile mystorage/samplefile

This example shows how to copy a file from the active supervisor module bootflash to the standby supervisor module bootflash:

switch# copy bootflash:system_image bootflash://sup-2/system_image

This example shows how to overwrite the contents of an existing configuration in NVRAM:

switch# copy nvram:snapshot-config nvram:startup-config
Warning: this command is going to overwrite your current startup-config:
Do you wish to continue? {y/n} [y] y

You can also use the copy command to upload and download files from the slot0: or bootflash: file system to or from a FTP, TFTP, SFTP, or SCP server:

Deleting Files

This example shows how to delete a file from the current working directory:

switch# delete dns_config.cfg

This example shows how to delete a file from an external CompactFlash (slot0):

switch# delete slot0:dns_config.cfg

This example shows how to delete an entire directory and all its contents:

switch# delete bootflash:my-dir
This is a directory.  Do you want to continue (y/n)?  [y] y

Displaying File Contents

This example displays the contents of a file on an external Flash device:

switch# show file slot0:test
config t
Int fc1/1
no shut
end
show int fc1/1

This example displays the contents of a file residing in the current directory:

switch# show file myfile

Displaying File Checksums

This example shows how to display the checksum of a file:

switch# show file bootflash:trunks2.cfg cksum
583547619

This example shows how to display the MD5 checksum of a file:

switch# show file bootflash:trunks2.cfg md5sum
3b94707198aabefcf46459de10c9281c

Compressing and Uncompressing Files

This example shows how to compress a file:

switch# dir
    1525859     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile
...
switch# gzip volatile:Samplefile
switch# dir
     266069     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile.gz
...

This example shows how to uncompress a compressed file:

switch# dir
     266069     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile.gz
...
switch# gunzip samplefile
switch# dir
    1525859     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile
...

Redirecting show Command Output

This example shows how to direct the output to a file on the bootflash: file system:

switch# show interface > bootflash:switch1-intf.cfg

This example shows how to direct the output to a file on external Flash memory:

switch# show interface > slot0:switch-intf.cfg

This example shows how to direct the output to a file on a TFTP server:

switch# show interface > tftp://10.10.1.1/home/configs/switch-intf.cfg
Preparing to copy...done

This example directs the output of the show tech-support command to a file:

switch# show tech-support > Samplefile
Building Configuration ...
switch# dir
    1525859     Jul 04 00:51:03 2003 Samplefile
Usage for volatile://
    1527808 bytes used
   19443712 bytes free
   20971520 bytes total

Finding Files

This example shows how to find a file in the current default directory:

switch# find smm_shm.cfg
/usr/bin/find: ./lost+found: Permission denied
./smm_shm.cfg
./newer-fs/isan/etc/routing-sw/smm_shm.cfg
./newer-fs/isan/etc/smm_shm.cfg

Default Settings

Table 6-2 lists the default settings for the file system parameters.

Table 6-2 Default File System Settings 

Parameters
Default

Default filesystem

bootflash:


Additional References

For additional information related to the file systems, see the following sections:

Related Documents

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Licensing

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Licensing Guide, Release 4.0

Command reference

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Fundamentals Command Reference, Release 4.0