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Cisco ASR 1000 Series Routers ROMmon Upgrade Guide

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Table of Contents

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers ROMmon Upgrade Guide

ROMmon Overview

Compatibility Requirements

Upgrading the ROMmon

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

Upgrading the ROMmon for All the RPs, ESPs, and SIPs on a Router

Example of Upgrading the ROMmon for All the RPs, ESPs, and SIPs on a Router

Upgrading the ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Router

Example of Upgrading the ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Router

Resolved Caveats

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.4(2r)S

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(3r)S1

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(3r)S

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(1r)S

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.2(4r)S1

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.2(4r)S

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.2(1r)S

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.0(1r)S

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(01)S

Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers ROMmon Upgrade Guide

First Published: November 28, 2011

Revised: March 28, 2014

 

This document contains procedures for upgrading to ROMmon Release 15.0(1r)S, Release 15.2(1r)S, Release 15.2(4r)S, Release 15.3(1r)S, or Release 15.3(3r)S on the Route Processors (RPs), Embedded Services Processors (ESPs), and Shared Port Adapter Interface Processors (SIPs) on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Router. This document contains the following sections:

ROMmon Overview

The ROMmon must be upgraded on an Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Router that requires a ROMmon upgrade. An upgrade to this image is necessary only if a system message on the router indicates that the ROMmon on the router requires an upgrade, or a Cisco technical support representative suggests a ROMmon upgrade.

The ROMmon can be upgraded on any of the following hardware components on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Router.


Note The ROMmon for RPs, ESPs, and SIPs can be upgraded collectively or individually.


  • Integrated RP1, field-replaceable ESP, and integrated SIP10 on the Cisco ASR 1002 Router (Cisco ASR1002)
  • Integrated RP1, ESP, and SIP10 on Cisco ASR 1002-Fixed Router (Cisco ASR 1002-F)
  • Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 1 (Cisco ASR1000-RP1)
  • Cisco ASR 1000 Series Route Processor 2 (Cisco ASR1000-RP2)
  • 5-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP5)
  • 10-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP10)
  • Cisco ASR 1000 Embedded Services Processor 10G Non Crypto Capable (Cisco ASR1000-ESP10-N)
  • 20-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP20)
  • Cisco ASR 1000 Series SPA Interface Processor (SIP)10 (Cisco ASR1000-SIP10)
  • Cisco ASR 1000 Series SPA Interface Processor (SIP) 40 (Cisco ASR1000-SIP40)
  • 40-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP40)
  • Cisco ASR 1001 Router
  • Cisco ASR 1002-X Router (from Release 15.2(4r)S onward)
  • 100-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP100)
  • 200-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP200)
  • Cisco ASR 1000 Fixed Ethernet Line Card

Compatibility Requirements


Note For information about the compatibility between the ROMmon releases and the field-replaceable units (FRUs) of the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers, see the "ROMmon Release Requirements” section in the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers Release Notes at the following location:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/routers/asr1000/release/notes/asr1k_rn_rel_notes.html


The following are the compatibility requirements for upgrading the ROMmon image:

  • You must have access to the privileged EXEC mode prompt or the diagnostic mode prompt on the router.
  • All the system components must be running Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or a later release before you perform the upgrade.
  • After you upgrade a system component to the current ROMmon release, you cannot run any Cisco IOS XE release earlier than Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0.

 


Note During the downgrade process, if it is found that the existing ROMVAR table is too large to fit into the smaller table used in the target ROMmon release (that is, the earlier ROMmon release), the downgrade stops and an error message is displayed. This error message instructs you to drop the system to the ROMmon prompt and clear some of the variable settings. Follow these instructions, and then retry the downgrade.



Note If you require a FIPS 140-2-compliant environment, ROMmon Version 12.2(33r)XND1 or 15.2(4r)S1 is a required update. Other releases are currently not FIPS certified.


Upgrading the ROMmon

This section covers the following topics:

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

If you are unsure whether a ROMmon upgrade is required or if you have installed a new RP, ESP, or SIP that requires an upgrade, follow the instructions provided in this section.

Run the show rom-monitor command or the show platform command to display the version of ROMmon running on any RP, ESP, or SIP in your router. If the output shows that the release to which you plan to upgrade is already installed, you need not upgrade the ROMmon. In the following example, the output of the show rom-monitor command indicates that an upgrade to Release 15.2(1r)S is not required:

Router# show rom-monitor r0
 
System Bootstrap, Version 15.2(1r)S, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 2011 by cisco Systems, Inc.

If the output of the command indicates an earlier ROMmon version or a system message indicates that one of the ROMmon installations on the Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers needs an upgrade, a ROMmon upgrade may benefit the corresponding RP, ESP, or SIP. In the following example, the output of the show platform command shows that an earlier ROMmon version is currently installed. In this scenario, you can upgrade to Release 15.2(1r)S.

Router# show platform
 
Chassis type: ASR1004
 
Slot Type State Insert time (ago)
--------- ------------------- --------------------- -----------------
0 MCP-CC ok 00:03:02
0/3 SPA-2X1GE-V2 ok 00:00:37
R0 ASR1000-RP1* ok, active 00:03:02
F0 ASR1000-ESP10* ok, active 00:03:02
P0 Unknown ps, fail never
P1 Unknown ps, fail never
 
Slot CPLD Version Firmware Version
--------- ------------------- ---------------------------------------
0 07091401 15.0(1r)S
R0 09081701 15.0(1r)S
F0 07051650 15.0(1r)S

Upgrading the ROMmon for All the RPs, ESPs, and SIPs on a Router

Use this procedure to upgrade the ROMmon for all the RPs, ESPs, and SIPS on a router:


Note Ensure that all the system components are running Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or a later release before you perform the procedure.



Step 1 (Optional) Run the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to see the current release numbers of ROMmon on the hardware. See the “Checking the Current ROMmon Version” section for information about interpreting the output of the command that you run.

Step 2 If the ROMmon image has not been copied onto the router, copy the PKG file that is made available as part of this ROMmon release onto the bootflash: or usb[0-1]: file system using the copy source-location destination-location command. For example, if you are upgrading to Release 15.2(1r)S, copy the asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg file.

Step 3 Run the dir file-system command to verify that the ROMmon file is copied into the specified directory.

Step 4 Run the upgrade rom-monitor filename location all command to begin the ROMmon image upgrade, where location is the path to the ROMmon file.


Caution Do not remove hardware, turn off power, or interrupt the router in any way during the ROMmon upgrade. Although the router should be able to recover from most interruptions during the ROMmon upgrade, certain scenarios may cause unpredictable problems.

Step 5 Messages pertaining to the upgrade are displayed on the console. After the display of these messages stops and the router prompt is available, run the reload command to reload the router.

Step 6 If autoboot has not been enabled by using the config-register 0x2102 command, run the boot filesystem:/file-location command at the ROMmon prompt to boot the Cisco IOS XE image, where filesystem:/file-location is the path to the consolidated package file. The ROMmon upgrade is not permanent for any piece of hardware until the Cisco IOS XE image is booted.

Step 7 Run the enable command at the user prompt to enter the privileged EXEC mode after the boot is complete.

Step 8 Run the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIPin the router to verify whether the ROMmon has been upgraded.


 

Example of Upgrading the ROMmon for All the RPs, ESPs, and SIPs on a Router

The following sequence of commands is an example of the procedure to upgrade the ROMmon for all the RPs, ESPs, and SIPs on a router:


Note The release numbers of ROMmon mentioned in this example are for illustrative purposes only.


Router# show platform
 
Chassis type: MCP4RU
 
Slot Type State Insert time (ago)
--------- ------------------- --------------------- -----------------
0 MCP-CC ok 00:03:02
0/3 SPA-2X1GE-V2 ok 00:00:37
R0 ASR1000-RP1* ok, active 00:03:02
F0 ASR1000-ESP10* ok, active 00:03:02
P0 Unknown ps, fail never
P1 Unknown ps, fail never
 
Slot CPLD Version Firmware Version
--------- ------------------- ---------------------------------------
0 07091401 15.0(1r)S
R0 09081701 15.0(1r)S
F0 07051650 15.0(1r)S
Router# copy usb0:asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg bootflash:
 
Destination filename [asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg]?
Copy in progress...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
1253680 bytes copied in 1.977 secs (634133 bytes/sec)
 
Router# dir bootflash:
 
Directory of bootflash:/
 
11 drwx 16384 Aug 19 2009 23:27:51 +00:00 lost+found
14657 drwx 4096 Aug 19 2009 23:39:21 +00:00 .ssh
73281 drwx 4096 Oct 12 2011 01:20:10 +00:00 .prst_sync
58625 drwx 4096 Aug 19 2009 23:39:38 +00:00 .rollback_timer
29313 drwx 4096 Aug 19 2009 23:40:52 +00:00 .installer
12 -rw- 1253680 Oct 12 2011 01:23:56 +00:00 asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg
14 -rw- 4096 Jul 12 2010 22:50:55 +00:00 .debug..swp
16 -rw- 1263920 Jul 20 2010 22:06:15 +00:00 rp1-rommon
19 -rwx 68272 Jul 13 2010 01:18:05 +00:00 debugfs
42 -rw- 1270064 Jul 21 2010 01:08:36 +00:00 asr1000-rommon.150-1r.S.pkg
48 -rw- 3338 Feb 25 2011 21:38:34 +00:00 README_dotfiles
50 -r-- 2391 Jul 17 2011 03:22:23 +00:00 debug.conf
 
945377280 bytes total (893399040 bytes free)
 
Router# upgrade rom-monitor filename bootflash:asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg all
 
Upgrade rom-monitor on Route-Processor 0
 
Target copying rom-monitor image file
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the RP.
 
Upgrade rom-monitor on Embedded-Service-Processor 0
 
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.
 
Upgrade rom-monitor on SPA-Inter-Processor 0
 
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.
 
Router# reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]
 
<Reload bootup output removed for brevity. In this example, it is assumed that autoboot is enabled on the router.>
 
Press RETURN to get started!
 
 
Router> enable
Router# show platform
 
Chassis type: MCP4RU
 
Slot Type State Insert time (ago)
--------- ------------------- --------------------- -----------------
0 MCP-CC ok 00:03:02
0/3 SPA-2X1GE-V2 ok 00:00:37
R0 ASR1000-RP1* ok, active 00:03:02
F0 ASR1000-ESP10* ok, active 00:03:02
P0 Unknown ps, fail never
P1 Unknown ps, fail never
 
Slot CPLD Version Firmware Version
--------- ------------------- ---------------------------------------
0 07091401 15.2(1r)S
R0 07062111 15.2(1r)S
F0 07051680 15.2(1r)S
 

Upgrading the ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Router

Use this procedure to upgrade the ROMmon for a single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Router:


Note Ensure that all the system components are running Cisco IOS XE Release 2.4.0 or a later release before you perform the procedure.



Step 1 (Optional) Run the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to see the current release numbers of ROMmon on the hardware. See the “Checking the Current ROMmon Version” section for information about interpreting the output of the command that you run.

Step 2 If the ROMmon image has not been copied onto the router, copy the PKG file that is made available as part of this ROMmon release onto the bootflash: or usb[0-1]: file system using the copy source-location destination-location command. For example, if you are upgrading to Release 15.2(1r)S, copy the asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg file.

Step 3 Run the dir file-system command to verify whether the ROMmon file is copied into the specified directory.

Step 4 Run the upgrade rom-monitor filename location slot command to begin the ROMmon image upgrade, where location is the path to the ROMmon file and slot specifies the hardware that will receive the ROMmon upgrade.


Caution Do not remove hardware, turn off power, or interrupt the router in any way during the ROMmon upgrade. Although the router should be able to recover from most interruptions during the ROMmon upgrade, certain scenarios may cause unpredictable problems.

Step 5 Messages pertaining to the upgrade are displayed on the console. After the display of these messages stops and the router prompt is available, run the hw-module slot slot reload command to reload the hardware that was upgraded.


Note The hw-module slot slot reload command cannot be used to reload an active RP. If you must reload an active RP to complete a ROMmon upgrade, reload the RP using one of the following methods:
- Run the reload command to reload the entire router.
- Force a switchover using the redundancy force-switchover command, and then run the hw-module slot slot reload command on the RP after it has become the standby RP.



Note The ROMmon upgrade is not permanent for any piece of hardware until a Cisco IOS XE Release 12.2(33r)XND1 or newer image is booted. If ROMmon is configured to manually boot on your system, run the boot command to boot the Cisco IOS XE image and make the upgrade permanent.


Step 6 Run the show platform command or the show rom-monitor slot command for each RP, ESP, and SIP in the router to confirm that the ROMmon has been upgraded.

Example of Upgrading the ROMmon for a Single RP, ESP, or SIP on a Router

The following sequence of commands is an example of the procedure to upgrade the ROMmon for a single RP, ESP, or SIP on a router:


Note The release numbers of ROMmon mentioned in this example are for illustrative purposes only.


Router# show platform
 
Chassis type: MCP4RU
 
Slot Type State Insert time (ago)
--------- ------------------- --------------------- -----------------
0 MCP-CC ok 00:03:02
0/3 SPA-2X1GE-V2 ok 00:00:37
R0 ASR1000-RP1* ok, active 00:03:02
F0 ASR1000-ESP10* ok, active 00:03:02
P0 Unknown ps, fail never
P1 Unknown ps, fail never
 
Slot CPLD Version Firmware Version
--------- ------------------- ---------------------------------------
0 07091401 15.0(1r)S
R0 09081701 15.2(1r)S
F0 07051650 15.2(1r)S
 
Router# copy usb0:asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg bootflash:
 
Destination filename [asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg]?
Copy in progress...CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
1253680 bytes copied in 1.977 secs (634133 bytes/sec)
 
Router# dir bootflash:
Directory of bootflash:/
 
11 drwx 16384 Aug 19 2009 23:27:51 +00:00 lost+found
14657 drwx 4096 Aug 19 2009 23:39:21 +00:00 .ssh
73281 drwx 4096 Oct 12 2011 01:20:10 +00:00 .prst_sync
58625 drwx 4096 Aug 19 2009 23:39:38 +00:00 .rollback_timer
29313 drwx 4096 Aug 19 2009 23:40:52 +00:00 .installer
12 -rw- 1253680 Oct 12 2011 01:23:56 +00:00 asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg
14 -rw- 4096 Jul 12 2010 22:50:55 +00:00 .debug..swp
16 -rw- 1263920 Jul 20 2010 22:06:15 +00:00 rp1-rommon
19 -rwx 68272 Jul 13 2010 01:18:05 +00:00 debugfs
42 -rw- 1270064 Jul 21 2010 01:08:36 +00:00 asr1000-rommon.150-1r.S.pkg
48 -rw- 3338 Feb 25 2011 21:38:34 +00:00 README_dotfiles
50 -r-- 2391 Jul 17 2011 03:22:23 +00:00 debug.conf
 
945377280 bytes total (893399040 bytes free)
 
Router# upgrade rom-monitor filename bootflash:asr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkg 0
 
Upgrade rom-monitor on SPA-Inter-Processor 0
 
Target copying rom-monitor image file
Checking upgrade image...
1966080+0 records in
3840+0 records out
Upgrade image MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
Burning upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Checking upgrade partition...
1966080+0 records in
1966080+0 records out
Upgrade flash partition MD5 signature is 119275e3054c3cfdc0f32a2a334dd253
ROMMON upgrade complete.
To make the new ROMMON permanent, you must restart the linecard.
 
Router# hw-module slot 0 reload
 
<Reload bootup output removed for brevity. In this example, it is assumed that autoboot is enabled on the router.>
 
Router# show platform
 
Chassis type: MCP4RU
 
Slot Type State Insert time (ago)
--------- ------------------- --------------------- -----------------
0 MCP-CC ok 00:03:02
0/3 SPA-2X1GE-V2 ok 00:00:37
R0 ASR1000-RP1* ok, active 00:03:02
F0 ASR1000-ESP10* ok, active 00:03:02
P0 Unknown ps, fail never
P1 Unknown ps, fail never
 
Slot CPLD Version Firmware Version
--------- ------------------- ---------------------------------------
0 07091401 15.2(1r)S
R0 07062111 15.2(1r)S
F0 07051680 15.2(1r)S
 
Router# show rom-monitor r0
 
System Bootstrap, Version 15.2(1r)S, RELEASE SOFTWARE
Copyright (c) 1994-2011 by cisco Systems, Inc.

Resolved Caveats

The following sections list the issues resolved in each ROMmon release:

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.4(2r)S

The following issues have been resolved in Release 15.4(2r)S:

  • Release 15.4(2r)S supports the following new hardware:

Cisco ASR1000-6TGE Fixed Ethernet Line Card

Cisco ASR 1001-X Router

  • CSCul93322

Cisco ASR 1002-X Router: On systems with 16 GB memory, allocate more memory to the Cisco IOSd.

  • CSCum68812

CPU microcode maintenance upgrade now supports all x86 CPUs such as RP2, the Cisco ASR 1001 Router, the Cisco ASR 1002-X Router, FP40, FP100, and FP200.

  • CSCud13142

Support for the new management Ethernet port 82577 PHY in the Cisco ASR 1002-X Router.

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(3r)S1

The following issue has been resolved in Release 15.3(3r)S1:

  • CSCui25176

Modified the CPLD’s HKP PLL configuration register value in the Cisco ASR1000-2T+20x1GE Ethernet Line Card to reflect IBM’s recommended value for the correct HKP PLL configuration.

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(3r)S

The following issues have been resolved in Release 15.3(3r)S:

  • CSCue41800

Uninitialized early access to CPLD is not compatible with a newer model of boot flash.

  • CSCue55809

A new feature to configure “no service password recovery” has been added.

  • CSCuf85827

Netboot failure when using a TFTP server or network that does not support 1500 byte MTU sizes.

  • Release 15.3(3r)S supports the following new hardware:

200-Gbps Cisco ASR 1000 Series ESP (Cisco ASR1000-ESP200)

Cisco ASR1000-2T+20x1GE Fixed Ethernet Line Card

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(1r)S

The following issues have been resolved in Release 15.3(1r)S:

  • CSCud07826

CPU microcode maintenance upgrade now supports the latest Intel release for ASR1002-X and ASR1000-ESP100/ESP200.

  • CSCtc18691

Error correction is now enabled on all the latest hardware configurations of the ASR1000-SIP10 processor memory.

  • CSCud13086

CPU configuration maintenance incorporates latest CPU vendor data (ASR1000-RP1, ASR1000-ESP5/10/20, ASR1000-SIP10/40, ASR1002).

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.2(4r)S1

The following issue has been resolved in Release 15.2(4r)S1:

  • CSCua27722

The Cisco Flexible NetFlow (FNF) timestamp clock drift issue is resolved on ESP40, ASR1001.

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.2(4r)S

There are no resolved issues in Release 15.2(4r)S. This release was created to support the Cisco ASR 1002-X Router and Cisco ASR1000-ESP100/ESP200.

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.2(1r)S

The following issues have been resolved in Release 15.2(1r)S:

  • CSCto91590

The ROMmon image installation process now supports the loading of images that are larger than 512 MB.

  • CSCth42243

The ROMmon image installation process now supports long boot file names.

  • CSCti77689

The ROMmon image now supports the VTx virtualization mode for third-party applications on a Cisco ASR 1001 Router or a router on which the Cisco ASR1000-RP2 is installed.

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.0(1r)S

The following issues have been resolved in Release 15.0(1r)S:

  • CSCtf20517

Issues encountered on booting a zero size file when the 0x8000 config-register setting is used have been resolved.

  • CSCtf97260

The ROMmon upgrade process now supports the ATMEL SPI flash device.

Resolved Caveats in ROMmon Release 15.3(01)S

  • All BINOS packages for the ELC are SHA-2 signed, and ROMmon verifies the integrity of the package before booting it.

Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request

For information on obtaining documentation, submitting a service request, and gathering additional information, see the monthly What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation , which also lists all new and revised Cisco technical documentation, at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html

Subscribe to the What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation as a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed and set content to be delivered directly to your desktop using a reader application. The RSS feeds are a free service and Cisco currently supports RSS Version 2.0.