IP SLAs Configuration Guide, Cisco IOS Release 15M&T
Configuring IP SLAs TCP Connect Operations
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Configuring IP SLAs TCP Connect Operations

Configuring IP SLAs TCP Connect Operations

This module describes how to configure an IP Service Level Agreements (SLAs) TCP Connect operation to measure the response time taken to perform a TCP Connect operation between a Cisco router and devices using IPv4 or IPv6. TCP Connect accuracy is enhanced by using the IP SLAs Responder at the destination Cisco router. This module also demonstrates how the results of the TCP Connect operation can be displayed and analyzed to determine how the connection times to servers and hosts within your network can affect IP service levels. The TCP Connect operation is useful for measuring response times for a server used for a particular application or connectivity testing for server availability.

Finding Feature Information

Your software release may not support all the features documented in this module. For the latest caveats and feature information, see Bug Search Tool and the release notes for your platform and software release. To find information about the features documented in this module, and to see a list of the releases in which each feature is supported, see the feature information table at the end of this module.

Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

Information About the IP SLAs TCP Connect Operation

TCP Connect Operation

The IP SLAs TCP Connect operation measures the response time taken to perform a TCP Connect operation between a Cisco device and devices using IP. TCP is a transport layer (Layer 4) Internet protocol that provides reliable full-duplex data transmission. The destination device can be any device using IP or an IP SLAs Responder.

In the figure below Device B is configured as the source IP SLAs device and a TCP Connect operation is configured with the destination device as IP Host 1.

Figure 1. TCP Connect Operation

Connection response time is computed by measuring the time taken between sending a TCP request message from Device B to IP Host 1 and receiving a reply from IP Host 1.

TCP Connect accuracy is enhanced by using the IP SLAs Responder at the destination Cisco device. If the destination device is a Cisco device, then IP SLAs makes a TCP connection to any port number that you specified. If the destination is not a Cisco IP host, then you must specify a known destination port number such as 21 for FTP, 23 for Telnet, or 80 for an HTTP server.

Using the IP SLAs Responder is optional for a TCP Connect operation when using Cisco devices. The IP SLAs Responder cannot be configured on non-Cisco devices.

TCP Connect is used to test virtual circuit availability or application availability. Server and application connection performance can be tested by simulating Telnet, SQL, and other types of connection to help you verify your IP service levels.

How to Configure the IP SLAs TCP Connect Operation

Configuring the IP SLAs Responder on the Destination Device

Before You Begin

If you are using the IP SLAs Responder, ensure that the networking device to be used as the responder is a Cisco device and that you have connectivity to that device through the network.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    enable

    2.    configure terminal

    3.    Do one of the following:

    • ip sla responder
    • ip sla responder tcp-connect ipaddress ip-address port port

    4.    exit


DETAILED STEPS
     Command or ActionPurpose
    Step 1 enable


    Example:
    Device> enable
     

    Enables privileged EXEC mode.

    • Enter your password if prompted.
     
    Step 2 configure terminal


    Example:
    Device# configure terminal
     

    Enters global configuration mode.

     
    Step 3Do one of the following:
    • ip sla responder
    • ip sla responder tcp-connect ipaddress ip-address port port


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip sla responder


    Example:
    Device(config)# ip sla responder tcp-connect ipaddress 172.29.139.132 port 5000
     

    (Optional) Temporarily enables IP SLAs responder functionality on the Cisco device in response to control messages from source.

    or

    (Optional) Required only if protocol control is explicitly disabled on the source device. Permanently enables IP SLAs responder functionality on the specified IP address and port.

    • Control is enabled by default.
     
    Step 4 exit


    Example:
    Device(config)# exit
     

    (Optional) Exits global configuration mode and returns to privileged EXEC mode.

     

    Configuring and Scheduling a TCP Connect Operation on the Source Device

    Perform only one of the following tasks:

    Prerequisites

    If you are using the IP SLAs Responder, complete the "Configuring the IP SLAs Responder on the Destination Device" section before you start this task.

    Configuring a Basic TCP Connect Operation on the Source Device

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    enable

      2.    configure terminal

      3.    ip sla operation-number

      4.    tcp-connect {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]

      5.    frequency seconds

      6.    end


    DETAILED STEPS
       Command or ActionPurpose
      Step 1 enable


      Example:
      Device> enable
       

      Enables privileged EXEC mode.

      • Enter your password if prompted.
       
      Step 2 configure terminal


      Example:
      Device# configure terminal
       

      Enters global configuration mode.

       
      Step 3 ip sla operation-number


      Example:
      Device(config)# ip sla 10
       

      Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 tcp-connect {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla)# tcp-connect 172.29.139.132 5000
       

      Defines a TCP Connect operation and enters IP SLA TCP configuration mode.

      • Use the control disable keyword combination only if you disable the IP SLAs control protocol on both the source and target devices.
       
      Step 5 frequency seconds


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# frequency 30
       

      (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

       
      Step 6 end


      Example:
      Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# end 
       

      Returns to global configuration mode.

       
      Troubleshooting Tips
      • If the IP SLAs operation is not running and not generating statistics, add the verify-data command to the configuration of the operation (while configuring in IP SLA configuration mode) to enable data verification. When data verification is enabled, each operation response is checked for corruption. Use the verify-data command with caution during normal operations because it generates unnecessary overhead.
      • Use the debug ip sla trace and debug ip sla error commands to help troubleshoot issues with an IP SLAs operation.
      What to Do Next

      To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps (or for starting another operation) to an IP SLAs operation, see the “Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring” section.

      operation)

      To display and interpret the results of an IP SLAs operation, use the show ip sla statistics command. Check the output for fields that correspond to criteria in your service level agreement to determine whether the service metrics are acceptable.

      Configuring a TCP Connect Operation with Optional Parameters on the Source Device

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    enable

        2.    configure terminal

        3.    ip sla operation-number

        4.    tcp-connect {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]

        5.    history buckets-kept size

        6.    history distributions-of-statistics-kept size

        7.    history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]

        8.    history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}

        9.    frequency seconds

        10.    history hours-of-statistics-kept hours

        11.    history lives-kept lives

        12.    owner owner-id

        13.    history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds

        14.    tag text

        15.    threshold milliseconds

        16.    timeout milliseconds

        17.    Do one of the following:

        • tos number
        • traffic-class number

        18.    flow-label number

        19.    exit

        20.    show ip sla configuration [operation-number]


      DETAILED STEPS
         Command or ActionPurpose
        Step 1 enable


        Example:
        Device> enable
         

        Enables privileged EXEC mode.

        • Enter your password if prompted.
         
        Step 2 configure terminal


        Example:
        Device# configure terminal
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 3 ip sla operation-number


        Example:
        Device(config)# ip sla 10
         

        Begins configuration for an IP SLAs operation and enters IP SLA configuration mode.

         
        Step 4 tcp-connect {destination-ip-address | destination-hostname} destination-port [source-ip {ip-address | hostname} source-port port-number] [control {enable | disable}]


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla)# tcp-connect 172.29.139.132 5000
         

        Defines a TCP Connect operation and enters IP SLA TCP configuration mode.

        • Use the control disable keyword combination only if you disable the IP SLAs control protocol on both the source and target devices.
         
        Step 5 history buckets-kept size


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history buckets-kept 25
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of history buckets that are kept during the lifetime of an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 6 history distributions-of-statistics-kept size


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history distributions-of-statistics-kept 5
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of statistics distributions kept per hop during an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 7 history enhanced [interval seconds] [buckets number-of-buckets]


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history enhanced interval 900 buckets 100
         

        (Optional) Enables enhanced history gathering for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 8 history filter {none | all | overThreshold | failures}


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history filter failures
         

        (Optional) Defines the type of information kept in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 9 frequency seconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# frequency 30
         

        (Optional) Sets the rate at which a specified IP SLAs operation repeats.

         
        Step 10 history hours-of-statistics-kept hours


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history hours-of-statistics-kept 4
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of hours for which statistics are maintained for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 11 history lives-kept lives


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history lives-kept 5
         

        (Optional) Sets the number of lives maintained in the history table for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 12 owner owner-id


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# owner admin 
         

        (Optional) Configures the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) owner of an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 13 history statistics-distribution-interval milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# history statistics-distribution-interval 10
         

        (Optional) Sets the time interval for each statistics distribution kept for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 14 tag text


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# tag TelnetPollServer1 
         

        (Optional) Creates a user-specified identifier for an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 15 threshold milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# threshold 10000
         

        (Optional) Sets the upper threshold value for calculating network monitoring statistics created by an IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 16 timeout milliseconds


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# timeout 10000 
         

        (Optional) Sets the amount of time an IP SLAs operation waits for a response from its request packet.

         
        Step 17Do one of the following:
        • tos number
        • traffic-class number


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-jitter)# tos 160 


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-jitter)# traffic-class 160
         

        (Optional) For IPv4: Defines the ToS byte in the IPv4 header of an IP SLAs operation.

        or

        (Optional) For IPv6: Defines the traffic class byte in the IPv6 header for a supported IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 18 flow-label number


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# flow-label 112233 
         

        (Optional) For IPv6: Defines the flow label field in the IPv6 header for a supported IP SLAs operation.

         
        Step 19 exit


        Example:
        Device(config-ip-sla-tcp)# exit
         

        Exits TCP configuration submode and returns to global configuration mode.

         
        Step 20 show ip sla configuration [operation-number]


        Example:
        Device# show ip sla configuration 10
         

        (Optional) Displays configuration values including all defaults for all IP SLAs operations or a specified operation.

         
        Troubleshooting Tips
        • If the IP SLAs operation is not running and not generating statistics, add the verify-data command to the configuration of the operation (while configuring in IP SLA configuration mode) to enable data verification. When data verification is enabled, each operation response is checked for corruption. Use the verify-data command with caution during normal operations because it generates unnecessary overhead.
        • Use the debug ip sla trace and debug ip sla error commands to help troubleshoot issues with an IP SLAs operation.
        What to Do Next

        To add proactive threshold conditions and reactive triggering for generating traps (or for starting another operation) to an IP SLAs operation, see the “Configuring Proactive Threshold Monitoring” section.

        operation)

        To display and interpret the results of an IP SLAs operation, use the show ip sla statistics command. Check the output for fields that correspond to criteria in your service level agreement to determine whether the service metrics are acceptable.

        Configuration Examples for IP SLAs TCP Connect Operations

        Example Configuring a TCP Connect Operation

        The following example shows how to configure a TCP Connect operation from Device B to the Telnet port (TCP port 23) of IP Host 1 (IP address 10.0.0.1), as shown in the "TCP Connect Operation" figure in the "Information About the IP SLAs TCP Connect Operation" section. The operation is scheduled to start immediately. In this example, the control protocol is disabled on the source (Device B). IP SLAs uses the control protocol to notify the IP SLAs responder to enable the target port temporarily. This action allows the responder to reply to the TCP Connect operation. In this example, because the target is not a Cisco device and a well-known TCP port is used, there is no need to send the control message.

        Device A (target device) Configuration

        configure terminal
         ip sla responder tcp-connect ipaddress 10.0.0.1 port 23

        Device B (source device) Configuration

        ip sla 9
         tcp-connect 10.0.0.1 23 control disable
         frequency 30
         tos 128
         timeout 1000
         tag FLL-RO
        ip sla schedule 9 start-time now
        

        The following example shows how to configure a TCP Connect operation with a specific port, port 23, and without an IP SLAs responder. The operation is scheduled to start immediately and run indefinitely.

        ip sla 9
         tcp-connect 173.29.139.132 21 control disable
         frequency 30
        ip sla schedule 9 life forever start-time now

        Additional References

        Related Documents

        Related Topic

        Document Title

        Cisco IOS commands

        Cisco IOS Master Commands List, All Releases

        Cisco IOS IP SLAs commands

        Cisco IOS IP SLAs Command Reference

        Standards

        Standards

        Title

        No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.

        --

        MIBs

        MIBs

        MIBs Link

        CISCO-RTTMON-MIB

        To locate and download MIBs for selected platforms, Cisco IOS releases, and feature sets, use Cisco MIB Locator found at the following URL:

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​go/​mibs

        RFCs

        RFCs

        Title

        No new or modified RFCs are supported by this feature, and support for existing RFCs has not been modified by this feature.

        --

        Technical Assistance

        Description

        Link

        The Cisco Support and Documentation website provides online resources to download documentation, software, and tools. Use these resources to install and configure the software and to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. Access to most tools on the Cisco Support and Documentation website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.

        http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​cisco/​web/​support/​index.html

        Feature Information for the IP SLAs TCP Connect Operation

        The following table provides release information about the feature or features described in this module. This table lists only the software release that introduced support for a given feature in a given software release train. Unless noted otherwise, subsequent releases of that software release train also support that feature.

        Use Cisco Feature Navigator to find information about platform support and Cisco software image support. To access Cisco Feature Navigator, go to www.cisco.com/​go/​cfn. An account on Cisco.com is not required.

        Table 1 Feature Information for the IP SLAs TCP Connect Operation

        Feature Name

        Releases

        Feature Information

        IP SLAs TCP Connect Operation

        The Cisco IOS IP SLAs Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connect operation allows you to measure the network response time taken to perform a TCP Connect operation between a Cisco device and other devices using IP.

        IPv6 - IP SLAs (UDP Jitter, UDP Echo, ICMP Echo, TCP Connect)

        Support was added for operability in IPv6 networks.

        IP SLAs VRF Aware 2.0

        Support was added for IP SLAs VRF-aware capabilities for TCP connect, FTP, HTTP and DNS client operation types.