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Cisco 500 Series WPAN Industrial Routers

Cisco 500 Series WPAN Industrial Routers Data Sheet

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Product Overview

The Cisco® 500 WPAN Industrial Router (IR500) provides unlicensed 915-MHz, ISM-band wireless personal- area network (WPAN) communications to diverse Internet of things (IoT) applications. Among the IoT apps supported are smart grid, distribution automation (DA), and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA). The router supplies enterprise-class RF mesh connecitivity to IPv4 and serial IoT devices, including recloser control, cap bank control, voltage regulator controls, and other remote terminal units (RTUs). Purpose-built to withstand harsh environments, the IR500 is ideal for installations in pad-mount and pole-mount cabinets and in other demanding locations.

The IR500 provides an open RF mesh solution based on the following standards: IEEE 802.15.4 g/e, IETF 6LoWPAN, IETF Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL), IETF Mapping of Address and Port - Translation (MAP-T), and IETF Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP). It takes full advantage of worldclass Cisco networking capabilities in IPv6, security, legacy (serial) protocol transport, and network management.

Figure 1 displays a Cisco WPAN Industrial Router.

Benefits

Lowers total cost of ownership (TCO) by consolidating disparate communications networks used for automated metering infrastructure (AMI) and DA applications

Delivers a communications platform for standards-based, interoperable smart grid and IoT apps using IP-based technologies and innovations

Increases communications network uptime and grid availability to help ensure message delivery through a rugged industrial hardware design and highly resilient solution architecture

Improves visibility, availability, and reliability of the distribution grid through enterprise-class network and device management tools

Facilitates graceful migration and integration of legacy assets with support for several IoT-specific protocols

Features a compact form factor and low-power design to support connectivity to a diverse set of IoT end devices with varied space and power capabilities

Integrates into customers’ existing IT and security solutions, reducing project costs and risks and eliminating the need for defining new IT processes and certifying new software applications

Architectural Capabilities

Table 1 outlines the architectural capabilities of the IR500.

Table 1. Cisco IR500 Architectural Capabilities

Architectural Principles

Capabilities

Network Reliability and Disaster Recovery (DR) Architectures

Highly resilient design that optimizes communications network uptime and grid availability to help ensure message delivery:

IP quality of service (QoS) for highest priority of critical DA traffic
Standards-based IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (IETF RPL) extends to last mile with route propagation to other IPv6 routing protocols, such as Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and Open Shortest Path First version 3 (OSPFv3)
Interference-avoiding frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) and per-device spatial frequency reuse
Rugged industrial design and compliance with IEC-61850-3 and IEEE 1613 for utility environments

More details on standards support can be found in Table 3.

Network Security

Comprehensive security capabilities based on open standards and Cisco innovation:

Access control and authentication based on X.509 certs, IEEE 802.1x, and utility public key infrastructure (PKI)
Data confidentiality and privacy based on link-layer AES 128-bit encryption and IEEE 802.11i
Device and platform integrity based on firmware signing and cert-based, role-based access control (RBAC)

More details on security capabilities can be found in Table 3.

Standards-Based Integration of Legacy Assets for Graceful Migration

Comprehensive software capabilities for transporting serial and IPv4 traffic:

Supports transport of legacy serial traffic over 6LoWPAN using standards-based solutions such as Raw Sockets
Supports transport of IPv4 traffic over IPv6, using standards-based solutions such as IETF MAP-T

Ease of Use to Reduce TCO

Enterprise-class network management and device management capabilities, based on open standards and Cisco innovation:

Network and device management tools for easy deployment, upgrades, and remote monitoring
Highly secure, automated, zero-touch deployment
Comprehensive wireless monitoring capabilities for multiple communications technologies

Unified FAN Architecture

Architecture based on choice of wired and wireless technologies:

Media-agnostic network services based on IP architectures
Separation of network services and applications

Example of IoT Deployment for Cisco Connected Grid FAN Solution for DA

Utilities are experiencing a significant transition in their distribution grid, in part because smart grid applications like SCADA and DA can reduce outages and save energy. To comply with regulatory mandates, utilities are also integrating solar and wind farms into the grid and adopting smart metering. These changes necessitate a bidirectional communications field area network (FAN) that provides connectivity to a variety of DA devices to support a diverse set of DA applications and SCADA protocols, such as Distributed Network Protocol (DNP3). Examples of a few popular high-value DA applications are:

Self-healing grid and fault location isolation service restoration (FLISR)

Volt/VAR monitoring and control (VVC)

Power quality monitoring and distribution grid sensing

Asset management

Outage management

The IR500 is a component of the Cisco Connected Grid FAN Solution, which meets these challenges using designs from the industry-leading Cisco GridBlocks Architecture. A typical communications network for the distribution grid is a two-tier architecture with a neighborhood area network (NAN) and a wide area network (WAN).

The NAN connects endpoints, such as DA devices, sensors, and smart meters, using a DA gateway or an embedded IPv6-based communications reference design. The endpoints form a mesh network based on RF or power-line communications (PLC) technologies. The mesh network is aggregated at an intelligent device such as a field area router (FAR) mounted on poletops or in secondary substations. The WAN tier provides network connectivity from the FAR to the utility’s control center, over either a public 2G/3G network or a utility-owned (private) WiMAX or Ethernet fiber network.

The Cisco FAN solution comprises four important elements, as shown in Figure 2. They include:

Cisco IR500 (DA gateway) and Cisco Connected Grid Endpoint (IPv6 reference design), which provide CG-Mesh connectivity to endpoints such as DA devices, sensors, and smart meters

Cisco 1000 Series Connected Grid Routers providing FAR capabilities

Cisco ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers providing headend router (HER) capabilities

Cisco Connected Grid Network Management Solution (CG-NMS) for network management

Cisco 500 WPAN Industrial Router Specifications

Table 2 lists hardware specifications and Table 3 lists software features for the IR500.

Table 2. Cisco IR500 Hardware Specifications

Feature

IR 500 Hardware Specifications

Dimensions (W x D x H)

10.2 cm x 12.79 cm x 3 cm (4 in. x 5 in. x 1.2 in.)

Typical Weight Fully Configured

0.85 lbs (0.4 kg)

Operating Temperature

-40°C to +70°C (-40°F to 158°F) with type test up to 85°C (185°F) for 16 hours

Typical Power Consumption or Dissipation

5 Watts, depending on configuration

IEEE 802.15.4 WPAN

IEEE 802.15.4g/e

Frequency Support

902-928 MHz (and subset of it to comply with country’s regulations)

North America- ISM: 902-928 MHz
Australia: 915-928 MHz
Brazil: 902-907.5, 915-928 MHz
Hong Kong: 920-924 MHz
China: 920- 925 MHz

Spread Spectrum Technology

FHSS

Transmitter Output

30 dBm

Antenna Connector

QMA, female

10/100 Fast Ethernet Copper Ports

1

RS 232/RS 485 Serial Port- Software Configurable
(RJ 45 Connector)

1

RS 232 Serial Port
(RJ 45 connector)

1

Digital Alarm Inputs

1

USB Type A Network Ports

1 (hardware-ready)

Console and AUX Port (RJ-45)

1

Integrated DC Power Supply

10.6–52 VDC (nominal), 9-60 VDC (optimum)

Environmental Compliance

IEC-61850-3
IEEE1613
C37.90 high-voltage impulse

Immunity

EN61000-6-2
EN61000-4-2 (ESD)
EN61000-4-3 (RF)
EN61000-4-4 (EFT)
EN61000-4-5 (SURGE)
EN61000-4-6 (CRF)
EN61000-4-11 (VDI)
EN 55024, CISPR 24
EN50082-1

EMC

47 CFR, Part 15
ICES-003 Class A
EN55022 Class A
CISPR22 Class A
AS/NZS 3548 Class A
VCCI V-3
CNS 13438
EN 300-386

Safety

USA: UL 60950-1
Canada: CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1
Australia/New Zealand: AS/NZS 60950.1
Rest of world: IEC 60950-1
UL certified to UL/CSA 60950-1, 2nd Ed.
CB report to IEC60950-1, 2nd Ed., covering all group differences and national deviations

Table 3. Cisco IR500 Software Specifications

Feature

Software Specifications

PHY/MAC Layer

IEEE 802.3 Ethernet 10/100 Mbps
RS232/RS485 Serial
IEEE 802.15.4g WPAN
IEEE 802.15.4e WPAN MAC extensions
6LoWPAN – RFC 4919, 4944 and 6282

Network and Transport Layer

IPv4 (RFC 791, 826, 1918)
IPv6 (RFC 2460)
UDP (RFC 768)/TCP (RFC 793)
IETF Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL)
(RFC 6206, 6550, 6551, 6553, 6554, 6719)
NAT44 (RFC 1918 and 2663)
MAP-T (draft RFC MAP-T)

Application Layer

Raw Sockets support on serial ports (for transport of non-IP protocols such as DNP3 and other legacy serial protocols)
DHCPv6 (RFC 3315) for IPv6 address allocation
IETF Draft RFC Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) for network management

Security

Encryption: AES-128 (IEEE 802.11i for WPAN key management)
Authentication and authorization: IEEE 802.1x for WPAN authentication and encryption; X.509 certificate support with integration into customer’s PKI
Hardware-based device identity: IEEE 802.1AR (hardware-ready)
Role-based access control (RBAC) for device configuration
Secure boot loader and signed firmware images

Quality of Service

Classification and marking: Layer 3 - Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP)
Congestion management: Priority Queuing (PQ)

Table 4 lists the IR500 hardware product ID (PID).

Table 4. Cisco IR500 Product ID

Item

Specification

IR509UWP-915/K9

IR509 with 915MHz-WPAN, 1 FE, 2 serial, utility-grade DC power

Table 5 lists the antenna options for IR500.

Table 5. Cisco IR500 Antenna Options

Item

Specification

ANT-WPAN-OM-OUT-N

Omni antenna for 900 MHz WPAN
Outdoor

Table 6 lists the RF cable options for the IR500.

Table 6. Cisco IR500 RF Cable Options

Item

Specification

Indoor Cable Options

CAB-L240-10-Q-N

10-ft (3 m) Low Loss LMR 240 Cable with QMA and N Connectors

CAB-L240-15-Q-N

15-ft (4.5 m) Low Loss LMR 240 Cable with QMA and N Connectors

CAB-L240-20-Q-N

20-ft (6 m) Low Loss LMR 240 Cable with QMA and N Connectors

Outdoor Cable Options

CAB-L400-5-N-N

5-ft (1.5 m) Low Loss LMR 400 Cable with N Connectors (straight to right angle)

CAB-L400-5-N-NS

5-ft (1.5 m) Low Loss LMR 600 Cable with N Connectors (straight to straight)

CAB-L400-20-N-N

20-ft (6 m) Low Loss LMR 400 Cable with N Connectors

CAB-L600-30-N-N

30-ft (9.14 m) Ultra Low Loss LMR 600 Cable with N Connectors

Table 7 lists additional accessories available for the IR500.

Table 7. Additional Accessories for Cisco IR500

Item

Specification

CGR-LA-NF-NF

Lightning arrestor

ANT-ADPTR-Q-TNC

Connecting adapter for CGR antennas- QMA to TNC

Ordering Information

The Cisco 500 WPAN Industrial Router is available to any Cisco authorized partner. For more information, please contact your Cisco representative.

Cisco and Partner Services

Services from Cisco and certified partners can help you transform your network and innovate faster across the grid and enterprise. We have the deep, broad expertise to create a clear, replicable, and optimized field network across technologies.

Planning and design services help you use technology to achieve business goals and can increase deployment accuracy, speed, and efficiency. Technical services help improve operational efficiency, save money, and reduce risk. Optimization services continuously boost performance and help your team succeed with new technologies.

Visit http://www.cisco.com/go/services to learn more.

For More Information

To find out more about the Cisco 500 WPAN Industrial Router, visit http://www.cisco.com/go/IR500.

For more information on the Cisco CGR 1000, visit http://www.cisco.com/go/cgr1000.

For more information on the Cisco CG-NMS, visit http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps12360/index.html.

For more information on the Cisco CGR 1000, visit http://www.cisco.com/go/asr1000.

For more information on the Cisco Field Area Network solution, visit http://www.cisco.com/go/fan.