Electromagnetic interference (EMI) and radio frequency interference (RFI) from the switch can adversely affect other devices,
such as radio and television (TV) receivers. Radio frequencies that emanate from the switch can also interfere with cordless
and low-power telephones. Conversely, RFI from high-power telephones can cause spurious characters to appear on the switch
RFI is defined as any EMI with a frequency above 10 kHz. This type of interference can travel from the switch to other devices
through the power cable and power source or through the air as transmitted radio waves. The Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) publishes specific regulations to limit the amount of EMI and RFI that are emitted by computing equipment. Each switch
meets these FCC regulations.
To reduce the possibility of EMI and RFI, follow these guidelines:
When wires are run for any significant distance in an electromagnetic field, interference can occur to the signals on the
wires with the following implications:
Bad wiring can result in radio interference emanating from the plant wiring.
Strong EMI, especially when it is caused by lightning or radio transmitters, can destroy the signal drivers and receivers
in the chassis and even create an electrical hazard by conducting power surges through lines into equipment.
To predict and prevent strong EMI, you need to consult experts in radio frequency interference (RFI).
The wiring is unlikely to emit radio interference if you use a twisted-pair cable with a good distribution of grounding conductors.
If you exceed the recommended distances, use a high-quality twisted-pair cable with one ground conductor for each data signal
If the wires exceed the recommended distances, or if wires pass between buildings, give special consideration to the effect
of a lightning strike in your vicinity. The electromagnetic pulse that is caused by lightning or other high-energy phenomena
can easily couple enough energy into unshielded conductors to destroy electronic switches. You will want to consult experts
in electrical surge suppression and shielding if you had similar problems in the past.