The Catalyst 1900/2820 8.x Enterprise Edition release of software supports TACACS+ (not XTACACS). TACACS+ or CiscoSecure server user setup for authentication is the same as for router users. This technical tip describes setup on the Catalyst 1900 and 2820.
Note: Failover on the 1900 and 2820 is implemented differently than on other Cisco equipment. If the TACACS+ server is unreachable, the local passwords can be used or no authentication required (depending on how the switch is configured). Although, if the TACACS+ server is reachable but the TACACS+ daemon is down, local passwords and failover to no authentication will not be used (in other words, you will be locked out of the switch).
Note: HTTP web connections are always authenticated using the local password (not tacacs+). Use of menu options is not valid when TACACS+ is enabled. TACACS+ is used for command-line interface authentication.
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There are no specific prerequisites for this document.
This document is not restricted to specific software and hardware versions.
From the command line interface (CLI), enable TACACS+ authentication for login using the command below.
Use the command below to tell the switch where the server is.
tacacs-server host 220.127.116.11
Use the command below to tell the switch what the shared key is.
tacacs-server key cisco
Choose one of the two options below.
Use the command below to tell the switch the password to use if the TACACS+ server becomes unreachable.
enable password level 1 cisco
Use the command below to tell the switch to use the local password if the TACACS+ server becomes unreachable.
tacacs-server last-resort password
Use the command below to tell the switch to let users in without a password if the TACACS+ server becomes unreachable.
tacacs-server last-resort succeed
Before exiting the switch, Telnet to the switch from another session to be sure you can get in using TACACS+. Before exiting the switch, make the server unreachable to be sure you can get in without using TACACS+. The remaining steps are optional.
Use the command below to enable TACACS+ authentication for enable mode.
Note: This step is necessary only if enable users are to be authenticated through the TACACS+ server; there also needs to be an enable entry in the server for this to work.
Use the command below to enable local authentication for enable mode if the TACACS+ server becomes unreachable.
enable password level 15 cisco
This password is valid only if tacacs-server last-resort password is also configured.
Use the command below to configure the number of login attempts allowed on the TACACS+ server.
tacacs-server attempts number
Use the command below to set the timeout interval in which the server daemon must respond (this is optional, but could be necessary on a slow network.
tacacs-server timeout N
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Refer to Cisco Technical Tips Conventions for information on conventions used in this document.