Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Release XE 3.5.0E and 15.2.1
Configuring Cisco IOS Auto Smartport Macros
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Table of Contents

Configuring Cisco IOS Auto Smartport Macros

About Auto Smartport Macros

Device Classifier

Device Visibility Mode

Configuring Auto Smartport Macros

Enabling Auto Smartport Macros

Auto Smartport Default Config uration

Auto Smartport Configuration Guidelines

Configuring Auto Smartport Built-in Macro Parameters

Configuring User-Defined Event Triggers

802.1X-Based Event Trigger

MAC Address-Based Event Trigger

Configuring Mapping Between User-Defined Triggers and Built-in Macros

Configuring Auto Smartport User-Defined Macros

Displaying Auto Smartport

Configuring Cisco IOS Auto Smartport Macros

This chapter describes how to configure and apply Auto Smartport macros on the Catalyst 4500 series switch.

This chapter includes the following major sections:


Note For complete syntax and usage information for the switch commands used in this chapter, see the Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Command Reference and related publications at this location:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/switches/ps4324/index.html

If a command is not in the Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Command Reference, you can locate it in the Cisco IOS library. See the Cisco IOS Command Reference and related publications at this location:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6350/index.html


About Auto Smartport Macros

Auto Smartport macros dynamically configure ports based on the device type detected on the port. When the switch detects a new device on a port, it applies the appropriate Auto Smartport macro. When a link-down event occurs on the port, the switch removes the macro. For example, when you connect a Cisco IP phone to a port, Auto Smartport automatically applies the Cisco IP phone macro. The Cisco IP phone macro enables quality of service (QoS), security features, and a dedicated voice VLAN to ensure proper treatment of delay-sensitive voice traffic.

Auto Smartport uses event triggers to map devices to macros. The most common event triggers are based on Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) messages received from connected devices. The detection of a device (Cisco IP phone, Cisco wireless access point, Cisco switch, or Cisco router) invokes an event trigger for that device.

Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) is used to detect devices that do not support CDP. Other mechanisms used as event triggers include the 802.1X authentication result and MAC-address learned.

System built-in event triggers exist for various devices based mostly on CDP and LLDP messages ( Table 1-1 ) and some MAC address.and some MAC address. (Through Cisco IOS Release 12.2(54)SG, DMP is detected using the MAC address. Starting with Cisco IOS Release 15.0(2)SG, DMP is also detected using CDP.) These triggers are enabled as long as Auto Smartport is enabled.

You can also define your own trigger. User-defined triggers can be CDP/LLDP-based, a group of MAC addresses, or the value of the attribute-value (AV) pair for the auto-smart-port keyword.

The Auto Smartport macros are groups of CLI commands. Detection of devices on a port triggers the application of the macro for the device. (For example, detecting a CISCO_PHONE event on a port triggers the switch to apply the commands in the CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT macro.) System built-in macros exist for various devices, and, by default, system built-in triggers are mapped to the corresponding built-in macros. You can change the mapping of built-in triggers or macros as needed.

A macro basically applies or removes a set of CLIs on an interface based on the link status. In a macro, the link status is checked. If the link is up, then a set of CLIs is applied; if the link is down, the set is removed (the no format of the CLIs are applied). The part of the macro that applies the set of CLIs is termed macro. The part that removes the CLIs (the no format of the CLIs) are termed antimacro.

Besides creating user-defined triggers, you can also create user-defined macros and map one to the other among all triggers (both built-in and user-defined) and all macros (both built-in and user-defined). Use the Cisco IOS scripting capability to create the macros. Cisco IOS scripting is a BASH-like language syntax for command automation and variable replacement.

The four detection mechanisms adhere to the following order of priority:

  • If 802.1X authentication is configured on a port, an authentication response-based trigger is applied, and other triggers are ignored.
  • If 802.1X authentication fails and the CDP/LLDP fallback mechanism is configured, CDP/LLDP triggers for phone devices only; if no fallback mechanism is configured, or a device is not a phone device, nothing is triggered.
  • If 802.1X authentication is configured on a port, a MAC address-based trigger is never triggered.
  • If 802.1X authentication is not configured on a port, CDP/LLDP has priority over a MAC address-based trigger with a hold-off timer applied for MAC-address based trigger. Between CDP/LLDP, there is no particular order; whichever one arrives first is triggered.

Device Classifier

Starting with Cisco Release IOS XE 3.3.0SG and IOS 15.1(1)SG, the device classifier (DC) feature is enabled by default on the Catalyst 4500 series switch.

The DC collects information from MAC-OUI and protocols such as CDP, LLDP, and DHCP to identify devices. You must enable CDP and LLDP on the switch. To make DHCP options information available to the DC, you must enable the DHCP snooping feature on the switch. The device attributes collected from these protocols are evaluated against a set of profiles available to the DC to find the best match. The best-matched profile is used for device identification.

Devices that do not send CDP, LLDP or DHCP traffic may not be properly identified by the device classifier.

Device-classifier uses profile definitions—built-in and default profiles. The built-in profiles contain the device profiles that are known to the Auto Smartport module, comprising a limited set of Cisco devices. They are built into Cisco IOS and cannot be changed. The default profiles are stored as a text file in nonvolatile storage and allow the DC to identify a much larger set of devices. The default profiles are updated as part of the Cisco IOS archive download.

When a new device is detected, the corresponding shell trigger executes the Auto Smartport configuration macro. Auto Smartport has built-in mappings for a large set of devices. You can use the commands described in the “Configuring Mapping Between User-Defined Triggers and Built-in Macros” section to create new mappings. You can create the trigger mappings based on the profile name or device name that is provided by the DC.

Device Visibility Mode

The DC function is enabled on the switch by default. You can disable it by using the no macro auto monitor global configuration command. The DC feature provides show commands to display the devices that are connected to the switch. It also provides information about the physical port to which the device is connected, along with device MAC address and other vendor information. Only directly connected devices, such as another Layer 2 switch, are classified on nonaccess ports. On access ports that are connected to hubs, device classification is limited to 32 devices.

When you enable Auto Smartport, the DC is automatically enabled.

Configuring Auto Smartport Macros

The following topics are included:

Enabling Auto Smartport Macros


Note By default, Auto Smartport is disabled globally. To disable Auto Smartport macros on a specific port, use the no macro auto global processing interface command before enabling Auto Smartport globally.


To enable Auto Smartport globally, use the macro auto global processing global configuration command.

To enable Auto Smartport macros, perform this task:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

Switch# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

Switch(config)# [no] macro auto global processing [cdp | lldp]

Enables Auto Smartport on the switch globally.

Note Starting with Release 15.0(2)SG, the fallback option has been deprecated.

Use no macro auto global processing to disable Auto Smartport globally.

Note The macro auto processing command turns Auto Smartport on or off on the interface level. The default is on.

Step 3

Switch(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4

Switch# show running-config

Verifies that Auto Smartport is enabled.

Step 5

Switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves your entries in the configuration file.

Use the show shell functions and the show shell triggers privileged EXEC command to display the event triggers, the built-in macros, and the built-in macro default values.

This example shows how enable Auto Smartport on the switch and how to disable the feature on a specific interface:

Switch(config)# macro auto global processing
Switch(config)# interface interface_id
Switch(config-if)# no macro auto processing

Auto Smartport Default Configuration

By default, Cisco IOS shell is enabled and Auto Smartport is disabled globally.

Table 1-1 shows the Auto Smartport built-in event triggers that are embedded in the switch software by default.

 

Table 1-1 Auto Smartport Built-in Event Trigger Macros

Event Trigger Name
Description

CISCO_PHONE_EVENT

System detects that a phone device is connected to an interface.

CISCO_SWITCH_EVENT

System detects that a switch is connected to an interface.

CISCO_ROUTER_EVENT

System detects that a router is connected to an interface.

CISCO_WIRELESS_AP_EVENT

System detects that a wireless application is connected to an interface.

CISCO_WIRELESS_LIGHTWEIGHT_AP_EVENT

System detects that a wireless lightweight application is connected to an interface.

CISCO_DMP_EVENT

System detects that a digital media player is connected to an interface.

CISCO_IPVSC_EVENT

System detects that an IP video surveillance camera is connected to an interface.

Table 1-2 shows the Auto Smartport built-in macros that are embedded in the switch software.

 

Table 1-2 Auto Smartport Built-in Macros

Macro Name
Description

CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_
SMARTPORT

Use this macro for Cisco IP phone device. It enables QoS, port security, Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) inspection (dynamic ARP inspection), IP source guard, DHCP snooping, storm control and spanning tree protection on the port.

CISCO_SWITCH_AUTO_
SMARTPORT

Use this macro to apply the switch macro for Cisco switches. It enables trunking on the port.

CISCO_ROUTER_AUTO_
SMARTPORT

Use this macro to apply the router macro for Cisco routers. It enables QoS, trunking, and spanning-tree protection on the port.

CISCO_AP_AUTO_
SMARTPORT

Use this macro to apply the wireless access point (AP) macro for Cisco APs. It enables support for an autonomous wireless access point and QoS on the port.

CISCO_LWAP_AUTO_
SMARTPORT

Use this macro to apply the lightweight wireless access point macro for Cisco lightweight wireless APs. It enables QoS, port security, dynamic ARP inspection, IP source guard, DHCP snooping, storm control, and spanning tree protection on the port.

CISCO_IP_CAMERA_AUTO_SMARTPORT

Use this macro for a Cisco IP surveillance camera device. It enables QoS, port security, and access VLAN on the port.

CISCO_DMP_AUTOSMARTPORT

Use this macro for a Cisco digital media player device. It enables QoS, port security, and access VLAN on the port.


Note By default, the built-in event triggers are mapped to the built-in macros.


Auto Smartport Configuration Guidelines

Auto Smartport guidelines include the following:

  • To avoid system conflicts when Auto Smartport macros are applied, remove all port configuration except for 802.1X authentication.
  • If the macro conflicts with the original configuration, some macro commands might not be applied, or some antimacro commands might not be applied. (The antimacro is the portion of the applied macro that removes it at link down.)

Note Failure of one command in the macro halts the application of the entire macro.


For example, if 802.1X authentication is enabled, you cannot remove switchport-mode access configuration. You must remove the 802.1X authentication before removing the configuration.

  • A port should not be a member of an EtherChannel when applying Auto Smartport macros.

If Auto Smartport is not yet enabled globally, disable Auto Smartport on all the EtherChannel ports before enabling it globally. If Auto Smartport is already enabled, shut down the port and disable it before adding the port to an EtherChannel.


Note If an Auto Smartport macro is applied on an interface, EtherChannel configuration usually fails because of conflict with the auto-QoS configuration applied by the macro.


  • The built-in macro default data VLAN is VLAN 1. The default voice VLAN is VLAN 2. You should modify the built-in macro default values if your switch uses different VLANs. To view all built-in macro default values, use the show shell functions privileged EXEC command.
  • To detect non-Cisco devices for 802.1X authentication or MAB, configure the RADIUS server to support the Cisco AV pair auto-smart-port=event trigger . You must configure a user-defined trigger with the value returned in the AV pair for auto-smart-port.
  • For stationary devices that do not support CDP, MAB, or 802.1X authentication, such as network printers, we recommend that you disable Auto Smartport on the port.
  • If authentication is enabled on a port, the switch ignores CDP unless the fallback cdp keyword is in the macro auto global processing global configuration command.
  • The order of CLI commands within the macro and the corresponding antimacro can differ.
  • Before converting a port into an Layer 3 interface, enter the no macro auto processing command. This prevents Auto Smartport from applying macros on the interface. If Layer 3 is already configured, enter the no macro auto processing command on the Layer 3 interface enable Auto Smartport globally.
  • Auto Smartport macros and Smartport cannot coexist on an interface.
  • A switch applies a macro in accordance with the LLDP advertisement from the attached device. If the device does not identify itself properly, the wrong macro is applied. Consult the specific device documentation to ensure the device's firmware is current.
  • The LWAP’s WLC software version must be 6.0.188 ( => Cisco IOS 12.4(21a)JA2) or later to make it detectable as LWAP by AutoSmartport.
  • As of Cisco IOS Release 12.2(54)SG, Auto Smartport does not support macros that apply EtherChannel configurations. Interfaces that belong to EtherChannel groups are treated as standard interfaces. You can apply macros on individual interfaces based on the device type but the CLIs in the macro (for example, auto-QoS) might conflict with an EtherChannel configuration. We recommend that you disable Auto Smartport on interfaces belonging to EtherChannels before you enable Auto Smartport globally. If Auto Smartport is already enabled, disable Auto Smartport on the interfaces before configuring EtherChannel.

Configuring Auto Smartport Built-in Macro Parameters

The switch automatically maps from built-in event triggers to built-in macros. You can replace the built-in macro default values with values that are specific to your switch.

To configure Auto Smartport built-in macros parameters, perform this task:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

Switch# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

Switch(config)# macro auto execute event trigger builtin built-in macro name [parameter=value] [parameter=value]

Defines mapping from an event trigger to a built-in macro.

Specify an event trigger value:

  • CISCO_PHONE_EVENT
  • CISCO_SWITCH_EVENT
  • CISCO_ROUTER_EVENT
  • CISCO_WIRELESS_AP_EVENT
  • CISCO_WIRELESS_LIGHTWEIGHT_AP_EVENT
  • CISCO_DMP_EVENT
  • CISCO_IPVSC_EVENT
  • WORD —Apply a user-defined event trigger.

Specify a built-in macro name value:

  • CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT
    (Optional) Specify the parameter values: $ACCESS_VLAN=(1) and $VOICE_VLAN=(2).
  • CISCO_SWITCH_AUTO_SMARTPORT
    (Optional) Specify the parameter values: $NATIVE_VLAN=(1).
  • CISCO_ROUTER_AUTO_SMARTPORT
    (Optional) Specify the parameter values: $NATIVE_VLAN=(1).
  • CISCO_AP_AUTO_SMARTPORT
    (Optional) Specify the parameter values: $NATIVE_VLAN=(1).
  • CISCO_LWAP_AUTO_SMARTPORT
    (Optional) Specify the parameter values: $ACCESS_VLAN=(1).
  • CISCO_DMP_AUTO_SMARTPORT
  • CISCO_IP_CAMERA_AUTO_SMARTPORT

(Optional) parameter=value —Replace default values that begin with $ . Enter new values in the form of name value pair separated by a space: [name1=value1 name2=value2...]. Default values are shown in parenthesis.

Step 3

Switch(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4

Switch# show running-config

Verifies your entries.

Step 5

Switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves your entries in the configuration file.

The no macro auto execute event trigger {[ builtin built-in macro name [parameter=value]] | [[parameter=value] {function contents}]} command deletes the mapping.

This example shows how to use two built-in Auto Smartport macros for connecting Cisco switches and Cisco IP phones to the switch. This example modifies the default voice VLAN, access VLAN, and native VLAN for the trunk interface:

Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# macro auto execute CISCO_PHONE_EVENT builtin CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT ACCESS_VLAN=10 VOICE_VLAN=20
Switch(config)#
Switch(config)#
Switch(config)#!!! the next command enables auto smart ports globally
Switch(config)# macro auto global processing fallback cdp
Switch(config)#
Switch(config)# exit
 
Switch#
Switch# show running-config interface gigabitethernet2/7
Building configuration...
 
Current configuration : 284 bytes
!
switchport access vlan 10
switchport mode access
switchport voice vlan 2
switchport port-security maximum 2
switchport port-security
switchport port-security aging time 2
switchport port-security violation restrict
switchport port-security aging type inactivity
auto qos voip cisco-phone
qos trust device cisco-phone
neighbor device type phone
macro description CISCO_PHONE_EVENT
spanning-tree portfast
spanning-tree bpduguard enable
service-policy input AutoQos-VoIP-Input-Cos-Policy
service-policy output AutoQos-VoIP-Output-Policy
end

Note You can also use the macro auto device command to simplify changing the parameters for a built-in functions for a device type.


Configuring User-Defined Event Triggers

You can configure two types of event triggers: user-defined and MAC address-based.

The following sections describe these triggers:

802.1X-Based Event Trigger

When using MAB or 802.1X authentication to trigger Auto Smartport macros, you need to create an event trigger that corresponds to the Cisco AV pair ( auto-smart-port=event trigger ) sent by the RADIUS server.

To configure an event trigger, perform this task:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

Switch# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

Switch(config)# shell trigger identifier description

Specifies the event trigger identifier and description.

The identifier should have no spaces or hyphens between words.

Step 3

Switch(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4

Switch# show shell triggers

Displays the event triggers on the switch.

Step 5

Switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves your entries in the configuration file.

Use the no shell trigger identifier global configuration command to delete the event trigger.

The following example shows how to define a user-defined trigger:

Switch# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Switch(config)# shell trigger RADIUS_MAB_EVENT MAC_AuthBypass Event
Switch(config)#

MAC Address-Based Event Trigger

To configure a MAC address group as an event trigger, perform this task:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

Switch# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

Switch(config)# macro auto mac-address group

Specifies a group of MAC address as an event trigger.

Changes mode to config-mac-addr-grp. You can then add or remove the MAC address or Organizational Unique Identifier (OUI) from the group.

The group value defines the user-defined trigger.

Step 3

Switch(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4

Switch# show shell triggers

Displays the event triggers on the switch.

Step 5

Switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves your entries in the configuration file.

Use the no macro auto mac-address-group grp_name to delete the event trigger.

Configuring Mapping Between User-Defined Triggers and Built-in Macros

You need to map the user-defined trigger to either a built-in macro or user-defined macro.

To map a user-defined trigger to a built-in macros, perform this task:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

Switch# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

Switch(config)# macro auto execute event trigger builtin built-in macro name [parameter=value] [parameter=value]

Specifies a user-defined event trigger and a macro name. This action replaces built-in macro default values, and configures mapping from an event trigger to a built-in Auto Smartport macros.

Note When performing a mapping, you must provide parameter values. For example, you must specify $ACCESS_VLAN=(1) and $VOICE_VLAN=(2) for the macro CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT.

Step 3

Switch(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4

Switch# show shell triggers

Displays the event triggers on the switch.

Step 5

Switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves your entries in the configuration file.

This example shows how to map a user-defined event trigger called RADIUS_MAB_EVENT to the built-in macro CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT with access VLAN set to 10, and how to verify the entries.

This procedure shows how to map a user-defined trigger to a built-in macro:


Step 1 Connect the device to a MAB-enabled switch port.

Step 2 On the RADIUS server, set the attribute-value pair to auto-smart-port =RADIUS_MAB_EVENT.

Step 3 On the switch, create the event trigger RADIUS_MAB_EVENT.

The switch recognizes the attribute-value pair=RADIUS_MAB_EVENT response from the RADIUS server and applies the macro CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT, as in the following example:

Switch(config)# macro auto execute RADIUS_MAB_EVENT builtin CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT ACCESS_VLAN=10
Switch(config)# exit
Switch# show shell triggers
User defined triggers
---------------------
Trigger Id: RADIUS_MAB_EVENT
Trigger description: MAC_AuthBypass Event
Trigger environment:
Trigger mapping function: CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT
<output truncated>


 

Configuring Auto Smartport User-Defined Macros

The Cisco IOS shell provides basic scripting capabilities for configuring the user-defined Auto Smartport macros. These macros can contain multiple lines and can include any CLI command. You can also define variable substitution, conditionals, functions, and triggers within the macro.

Inside a user-defined macro, besides parameters specified through macro auto execute trigger parameter-name=value .., you also can use the following variables published by EEM ( Table 1-3 ):

 

Table 1-3 Variables Published by EEM

Parameter Name
Meaning

$INTERFACE

Name of the interface where the trigger event is detected.

$LINKUP

Indicates whether the interface is up or down (true/false).

$TRIGGER

Name of the trigger event that is raised (for example, CISCO_PHONE_EVENT).

$AUTH_ENABLED

Indicates whether 802.1X authentication is configured on the interface (true/false).

To map an event trigger to a user-defined macro, perform this task:

 

Command
Purpose

Step 1

Switch# configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

Step 2

Switch(config)# macro auto execute event trigger [parameter=value] {function contents}

Specifies a user-defined macro that maps to an event trigger.

Specify an event trigger value:

  • CISCO_PHONE_EVENT
  • CISCO_SWITCH_EVENT
  • CISCO_ROUTER_EVENT
  • CISCO_WIRELESS_AP_EVENT
  • CISCO_WIRELESS_LIGHTWEIGHT_AP_EVENT
  • WORD Applies a user-defined event trigger.
  • CISCO_DMP_EVENT
  • CISCO_IPVSC_EVENT

function contents—Specifies a user-defined macro to associate with the trigger. Enter the macro contents within braces. Begin the Cisco IOS shell commands with the left brace and end the command grouping with the right brace.

(Optional) parameter=value —Replaces default values that begin with $ , enter new values in the form of name value pair separated by a space: [name1=value1 name2=value2...].

Step 3

Switch(config)# end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

Step 4

Switch# show running-config

Verifies your entries.

Step 5

Switch# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves your entries in the configuration file.

This example shows how to map a user-defined event trigger called Cisco Digital Media Player (DMP) to a user-defined macro.


Step 1 Connect the DMP to an 802.1X- or MAB-enabled switch port.

Step 2 On the RADIUS server, set the attribute-value pair to auto-smart-port =MY_MEDIAPLAYER_EVENT.

Step 3 On the switch, create the event trigger CISCO_DMP_EVENT, and map it to the user-defined macro commands shown below.

The switch recognizes the attribute-value pair=CISCO_DMP_EVENT response from the RADIUS server and applies the macro associated with this event trigger.

The following example shows the macro portion of the automacro:

Switch(config)# shell trigger CISCO_DMP_EVENT Cisco DMP player
Switch(config)# macro auto execute CISCO_DMP_EVENT {
if [[ $LINKUP -eq YES ]]; then
conf t
interface $INTERFACE
macro description $TRIGGER
switchport access vlan 1
switchport mode access
switchport port-security
switchport port-security maximum 1
switchport port-security violation restrict
switchport port-security aging time 2
switchport port-security aging type inactivity
spanning-tree portfast
spanning-tree bpduguard enable
exit
fi
 

The following represents the anti-macro portion of the automacro:

if [[ $LINKUP -eq NO ]]; then
conf t
interface $INTERFACE
no macro description $TRIGGER
no switchport access vlan 1
if [[ $AUTH_ENABLED -eq NO ]]; then
no switchport mode access
fi
no switchport port-security
no switchport port-security maximum 1
no switchport port-security violation restrict
no switchport port-security aging time 2
no switchport port-security aging type inactivity
no spanning-tree portfast
no spanning-tree bpduguard enable
exit
fi
}
Switch(config)# end
 

Table 1-4 lists the supported shell keywords your can apply in your macros and antimacro statements.

 

Table 1-4 Supported Cisco IOS Shell Keywords

Command
Description

{

Begin the command grouping.

}

End the command grouping.

[[

Use as a conditional construct.

]]

Use as a conditional construct.

else

Use as a conditional construct.

-eq

Use as a conditional construct.

fi

Use as a conditional construct.

if

Use as a conditional construct.

then

Use as a conditional construct.

-z

Use as a conditional construct.

$

Variables that begin with the $ character are replaced with a parameter value.

#

Use the # character to enter comment text.

Table 1-5 lists the shell keywords that are not supported in macros and antimacros.

 

Table 1-5 Unsupported Cisco IOS Shell Reserved Keywords

Command
Description

|

Pipeline.

case

Conditional construct.

esac

Conditional construct.

for

Looping construct.

function

Shell function.

in

Conditional construct.

select

Conditional construct.

time

Pipeline.

until

Looping construct.

while

Looping construct.

Displaying Auto Smartport

To display the Auto Smartport and static Smartport macros, use one or more of the privileged EXEC commands in Table 1-6 .

 

Table 1-6 Commands for Displaying Auto Smartport and Static Smartport Macros

Command
Purpose
show macro auto monitor clients

Displays the clients using the device classifier facility on the switch.

show macro auto monitor device

Displays the devices connected to a switch and their associated properties.

show macro auto monitor type

Displays all the device types recognized by the device classifier.

show parser macro

Displays all static Smartport macros.

show parser macro name macro-name

Displays a specific static Smartport macro.

show parser macro brief

Displays the static Smartport macro names.

show parser macro description [ interface interface-id ]

Displays the static Smartport macro description for all interfaces or for a specified interface.

show shell

Displays information about Auto Smartport event triggers and macros.

This example shows how to use the show macro auto monitor device privileged EXEC command with the optional mac-address keyword to view summary information about the connected device with the specified MAC address:

Switch# show macro auto monitor device mac-address 001f.9e90.1250
MAC_Address Port_Id Profile Name
============== ======= ============================
001f.9e90.1250 Gi1/0/4 Cisco-AP-Aironet-1130
==========================================================

This example shows how to use the show macro auto monitor type privileged EXEC command with no optional keywords to view the devices recognized by the device classifier:

Switch# show macro auto monitor type table
Valid Type Profile Name min Conf ID
=========== ========= ================== ======== ====
Valid Default Apple-Device 10 0
Valid Default Aruba-Device 10 1
Valid Default Avaya-Device 10 2
Valid Default Avaya-IP-Phone 20 3
Valid Default BlackBerry 20 4
Valid Default Cisco-Device 10 5
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone 20 6
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7902 70 7
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7905 70 8
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7906 70 9
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7910 70 10
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7911 70 11
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7912 70 12
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7940 70 13
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7941 70 14
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7942 70 15
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7945 70 16
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7945G 70 17
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7960 70 18
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7961 70 19
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7962 70 20
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7965 70 21
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7970 70 22
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7971 70 23
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7975 70 24
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-7985 70 25
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Phone-9971 70 26
Valid Default Cisco-WLC-2100-Series 40 27
Valid Default DLink-Device 10 28
Valid Default Enterasys-Device 10 29
Valid Default HP-Device 10 30
Valid Default HP-JetDirect-Printer 30 31
Valid Default Lexmark-Device 10 32
Valid Default Lexmark-Printer-E260dn 30 33
Valid Default Microsoft-Device 10 34
Valid Default Netgear-Device 10 35
Valid Default NintendoWII 10 36
Valid Default Nortel-Device 10 37
Valid Default Nortel-IP-Phone-2000-Series 20 38
Valid Default SonyPS3 10 39
Valid Default XBOX360 20 40
Valid Default Xerox-Device 10 41
Valid Default Xerox-Printer-Phaser3250 30 42
Valid Default Aruba-AP 20 43
Valid Default Cisco-Access-Point 10 44
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Conference-Station-7935 70 45
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Conference-Station-7936 70 46
Valid Default Cisco-IP-Conference-Station-7937 70 47
Valid Default DLink-DAP-1522 20 48
Valid Default Cisco-AP-Aironet-1130 30 49
Valid Default Cisco-AP-Aironet-1240 30 50
Valid Default Cisco-AP-Aironet-1250 30 51
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-LAP 25 52
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-LAP-1130 30 53
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-LAP-1240 50 54
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-LAP-1250 50 55
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-AP 25 56
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-AP-1130 30 57
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-AP-1240 50 58
Valid Default Cisco-AIR-AP-1250 50 59
Invalid Default Sun-Workstation 10 60
Valid Default Linksys-Device 20 61
Valid Default LinksysWAP54G-Device 30 62
Valid Default HTC-Device 10 63
Valid Default MotorolaMobile-Device 10 64
Valid Default VMWare-Device 10 65
Valid Default ISE-Appliance 10 66
Valid Built-in Cisco-Device 10 0
Valid Built-in Cisco-Router 10 1
Valid Built-in Router 10 2
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera 10 3
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera-2xxx 30 4
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera-2421 50 5
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera-2500 50 6
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera-2520 50 7
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera-2530 50 8
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Camera-4xxx 50 9
Valid Built-in Cisco-Transparent-Bridge 8 10
Valid Built-in Transparent-Bridge 8 11
Valid Built-in Cisco-Source-Bridge 10 12
Valid Built-in Cisco-Switch 10 13
Valid Built-in Cisco-IP-Phone 20 14
Valid Built-in IP-Phone 20 15
Valid Built-in Cisco-DMP 10 16
Valid Built-in Cisco-DMP-4305G 70 17
Valid Built-in Cisco-DMP-4310G 70 18
Valid Built-in Cisco-DMP-4400G 70 19
Valid Built-in Cisco-WLC-2100-Series 40 20
Valid Built-in Cisco-Access-Point 10 21
Valid Built-in Cisco-AIR-LAP 30 22
Valid Built-in Cisco-AIR-AP 30 23
Valid Built-in Linksys-Device 20 24
 

This example shows how to use the show shell triggers privileged EXEC command to view the event triggers in the switch software:

Switch# show shell triggers
 
User defined triggers
---------------------
Built-in triggers
-----------------
Trigger Id: CISCO_PHONE_EVENT
Trigger description: Event for ip-phone macro
Trigger environment: ACCESS_VLAN=1 VOICE_VLAN=2
Trigger mapping function: CISCO_PHONE_AUTO_SMARTPORT
 
Trigger Id: CISCO_ROUTER_EVENT
Trigger description: Event for router macro
Trigger environment: NATIVE_VLAN=1
Trigger mapping function: CISCO_ROUTER_AUTO_SMARTPORT
 
Trigger Id: CISCO_SWITCH_EVENT
Trigger description: Event for switch macro
Trigger environment: NATIVE_VLAN=1
Trigger mapping function: CISCO_SWITCH_AUTO_SMARTPORT
 
Trigger Id: CISCO_WIRELESS_AP_EVENT
Trigger description: Event for Wireless Access Point macro
Trigger environment: NATIVE_VLAN=1
Trigger mapping function: CISCO_AP_AUTO_SMARTPORT
 
Trigger Id: CISCO_WIRELESS_LIGHTWEIGHT_AP_EVENT
Trigger description: Event for Wireless Lightweight Access Point macro
Trigger environment: NATIVE_VLAN=1
Trigger mapping function: CISCO_LWAP_AUTO_SMARTPORT
 

This example shows how to use the show shell functions privileged EXEC command to view the built-in macros in the switch software:

Switch# show shell functions
#User defined functions:
 
#Built-in functions:
function CISCO_AP_AUTO_SMARTPORT () {
if [[ $LINKUP -eq YES ]]; then
conf t
interface $INTERFACE
macro description $TRIGGER
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk native vlan $NATIVE_VLAN
switchport trunk allowed vlan ALL
switchport mode trunk
switchport nonegotiate
auto qos voip trust
mls qos trust cos
exit
end
fi
if [[ $LINKUP -eq NO ]]; then
conf t
interface $INTERFACE
no macro description
no switchport nonegotiate
no switchport trunk native vlan $NATIVE_VLAN
no switchport trunk allowed vlan ALL
no auto qos voip trust
no mls qos trust cos
if [[ $AUTH_ENABLED -eq NO ]]; then
no switchport mode
no switchport trunk encapsulation
fi
exit
end
fi
}
 
function CISCO_SWITCH_AUTO_SMARTPORT () {
if [[ $LINKUP -eq YES ]]; then
conf t
interface $INTERFACE
macro description $TRIGGER
auto qos voip trust
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk native vlan $NATIVE_VLAN
switchport trunk allowed vlan ALL
switchport mode trunk
exit
end
else
conf t
interface $INTERFACE
no macro description
no auto qos voip trust
no switchport mode trunk
no switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
no switchport trunk native vlan $NATIVE_VLAN
no switchport trunk allowed vlan ALL
exit
end
fi
}
 
<output truncated>