Catalyst 4500 Series Switch Cisco IOS Release XE 3.5.0E and 15.2.1
configIX
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Index

Numerics

10/100 autonegotiation feature, forced 8-21

10-Gigabit Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet ports

deploy on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 8-13

10-Gigabit Ethernet port

deploy with Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 8-12, 8-13

10-slot chassis, support for WS-X46490-CSFP-E 8-17

1400 W DC Power supply

special considerations 14-21

1400 W DC SP Triple Input power supply

special considerations 14-22

802.10 SAID (default) 17-5

802.1AE

standard 45-2

802.1Q

trunks 22-6

tunneling

compatibility with other features 29-5

defaults 29-3

described 29-2

tunnel ports with other features 29-6

802.1Q VLANs

trunk restrictions 19-4

802.1s

See MST

802.1w

See MST

802.1X

See port-based authentication

802.1X authentication

Authentication Failed VLAN assignment 46-17

for Critical Authentication 46-14

for guest VLANs 46-11

for MAC Authentication Bypass 46-12

for Unidirectional Controlled Port 46-15

VLAN User Distribution 46-16

web-based authentication 46-14

with port security 46-19

with VLAN assignment 46-10

with voice VLAN ports 46-22

802.1X Host Mode 46-6

multiauthentication mode 46-8

multidomain authentication mode 46-7

single-host 46-7

802.1x-REV 45-2

802.3ad

See LACP

9000W AC, displaying OBFL 14-4

A

AAA 50-1

AAA (authentication, authorization, and accounting). See also port-based authentication. 48-2

abbreviating commands 2-5

about Wireshark 58-5

access control entries

See ACEs

access control entries and lists 50-1

access-group mode, configuring on Layer 2 interface 53-31

access-group mode, using PACL with 53-30

access list filtering, SPAN enhancement 57-13

access lists

using with WCCP 71-8

access ports

and Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-15

configure port security 49-7, 49-22

configuring 19-7

access VLANs 19-5

accounting

with RADIUS 46-111

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

ACEs

ACLs 53-2

IP 1-41, 53-2

Layer 4 operation restrictions 53-10

ACEs and ACLs 50-1

ACL assignments, port-based authentication 46-20

ACL assignments and redirect URLs, configure 46-38

ACL configuration, displaying a Layer 2 interface 53-32

ACLs

ACEs 53-2

and SPAN 57-5

and TCAM programming for Sup 6-E 53-10

and TCAM programming for Sup II-Plus thru V-10GE 53-6

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 53-17

applying on routed packets 53-26

applying on switched packets 53-25

compatibility on the same switch 53-3

configuring with VLAN maps 53-25

CPU impact 53-12

downloadable 48-7

hardware and software support 53-6

IP, matching criteria for port ACLs 53-4

MAC extended 53-14

matching criteria for router ACLs 53-3

port

and voice VLAN 53-4

defined 53-3

processing 53-12

selecting mode of capturing control packets 53-7

troubleshooting high CPU 53-6

types supported 53-3

understanding 53-2

VLAN maps 53-5

ACLs, applying to a Layer 2 interface 53-31

ACLs and VLAN maps, examples 53-19

acronyms, list of 1-1

action drivers, marking 42-21, 42-55

activating and deactivating a capture point, Wireshark 58-13

activating and deactivating Wiresharkcapture points, conceptual, Wireshark 58-9

active queue management 42-9

active queue management via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 42-34, 42-68

active traffic monitoring, IP SLAs 68-1

adding members to a community 16-9

addresses

displaying the MAC table 4-44

dynamic

changing the aging time 4-30

defined 4-28

learning 4-29

removing 4-31

IPv6 54-2

MAC, discovering 4-44

See MAC addresses

static

adding and removing 4-36

defined 4-28

address resolution 4-44

adjacency tables

description 35-2

displaying statistics 35-9

administrative VLAN

REP, configuring 24-9

administrative VLAN, REP 24-8

advertisements

LLDP 1-7, 31-2

advertisements, VTP

See VTP advertisements

aggregation switch, enabling DHCP snooping 52-9

aging time

MAC address table 4-30

All Auth manager sessions, displaying summary 46-126

All Auth manager sessions on the switch authorized for a specified authentication method 46-126

ANCP client

enabling and configuring 38-2

guidelines and restrictions 38-5

identify a port with DHCP option 82 38-4

identify a port with protocol 38-2

overview 38-1

ANCP protocol

identifying a port with 38-2

applying IPv6 ACLs to a Layer 3 interface 53-17

AQM via DBL, QoS on Sup 6-E 42-34, 42-68

archiving crashfiles information 2-8

ARP

defined 4-44

table

address resolution 4-44

managing 4-44

asymmetrical links, and 802.1Q tunneling 29-3

attachment points, Wireshark 58-6

attributes, RADIUS

vendor-proprietary 46-114

vendor-specific 46-112

authentication

NTP associations 4-4

RADIUS

key 46-104

login 46-106

See also port-based authentication

TACACS+

defined 3-16

key 3-18

login 3-19

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) 50-1

Authentication Failed, configuring 80.1X 46-70

Authentication methods registered with the Auth manager, determining 46-125

authentication open comand 46-8

authentication proxy web pages 48-4

authentication server

defined 46-3

RADIUS server 46-3

Auth manager session for an interface, verifying 46-126

Auth manager summary, displaying 46-126

authoritative time source, described 4-2

authorization

with RADIUS 46-110

with TACACS+ 3-16, 3-21

authorized and unauthorized ports 46-5

authorized ports with 802.1X 46-5

autoconfiguration 3-2

automatic discovery

considerations 16-7

Auto-MDIX on a port

configuring 8-31

displaying the configuration 8-32

overview 8-30

autonegotiation feature

forced 10/100Mbps 8-21

Auto SmartPorts built-in macros

configuring parameters 21-6

Auto SmartPorts macros

built-in macros 21-5

configuration guidelines 21-5

default configuration 21-4

defined 21-1

displaying 21-13

enabling 21-4

IOS shell 21-2, 21-10

Auto Smartports macros

defined 1-2

Auto SmartPorts user-defined macros

configuring 21-10

auto-sync command 11-8, 12-7

Auto SmartPorts macros

See also SmartPorts macros

Auto Smartports macros

See also Smartports macros

B

Baby Giants

interacting with 8-29

BackboneFast

adding a switch (figure) 25-3

and MST 22-23

configuring 25-15

link failure (figure) 25-14, 25-15

not supported MST 22-23

understanding 25-13

See also STP

banners

configuring

login 4-27

message-of-the-day login 4-24

default configuration 4-24

when displayed 4-24

b command 73-3

BFD

and hardware support 39-7

configuration example

BFD in a BGP network 39-25

BFD in an EIGRP network with echo mode enabled by default 39-17

BFD in an OSPF network 39-22

support for static routing 39-27

configuring

Echo mode 39-15

session parameters on the interface 39-8

Slow timer 39-16

support for BGP 39-9

support for dynamic routing protocols 39-9

support for EIGRP 39-10

support for OSPF 39-11

support for static routing 39-13

disabling echo mode without asymmetry 39-16

monitoring and troubleshooting 39-17

neighbor relationships 39-3

operation 39-3

prerequisites 39-2

restrictions 39-2

b flash command 73-3

BGP 1-17

routing session with multi-VRF CE 41-9

blocking packets 55-1

blocking state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 22-24

Boolean expressions in tracked lists 59-4

boot bootldr command 3-31

boot command 3-28

boot commands 73-3

boot fields

See configuration register boot fields

bootstrap program

See ROM monitor

boot system command 3-26, 3-31

boot system flash command 3-28

Border Gateway Protocol

See BGP

boundary ports

description 22-27

BPDU Guard

and MST 22-23

configuring 25-15

overview 25-8

BPDUs

and media speed 22-2

pseudobridges and 22-25

what they contain 22-3

bridge ID

See STP bridge ID

bridge priority (STP) 22-17

bridge protocol data units

See BPDUs

Broadcast Storm Control

disabling 56-5

enabling 56-3

Built-in macros and user-defined triggers, configuring mapping 21-9

C

cache engine clusters 71-1

cache engines 71-1

cache farms

See cache engine clusters

Call Home

description 1-24, 67-2

message format options 67-2

messages

format options 67-2

call home 67-1

alert groups 67-6

configuring e-mail options 67-9

contact information 67-4

default settings 67-18

destination profiles 67-5

displaying information 67-14

mail-server priority 67-10

pattern matching 67-9

periodic notification 67-8

rate limit messages 67-9

severity threshold 67-8

smart call home feature 67-2

SMTP server 67-9

testing communications 67-10

call home alert groups

configuring 67-6

description 67-6

subscribing 67-7

call home contacts

assigning information 67-4

call home destination profiles

attributes 67-5

configuring 67-5

description 67-5

displaying 67-16

call home notifications

full-txt format for syslog 67-25

XML format for syslog 67-28

candidates

automatic discovery 16-7

candidate switch, cluster

defined 16-12

capture filter, Wireshark 58-7

capture points, Wireshark 58-6

Capturing control packets

selecting mode 53-7

cautions

Unicast RPF

BGP optional attributes 36-4

cautions for passwords

encrypting 3-22

CDP

automatic discovery in communities 16-7

configuration 30-2

defined with LLDP 31-1

displaying configuration 30-3

enabling on interfaces 30-3

host presence detection 46-8

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-13

maintaining 30-3

monitoring 30-3

overview 1-3, 30-1

cdp enable command 30-3

CEF

adjacency tables 35-2

and NSF with SSO 13-5

configuring load balancing 35-7

displaying statistics 35-8

enabling 35-6, 70-2

hardware switching 35-4

load balancing 35-6

overview 35-1

software switching 35-4

certificate authority (CA) 67-3

CFM

and Ethernet OAM, configuring 65-51

and Ethernet OAM interaction 65-51

clearing 65-31

configuration guidelines 65-7, 66-4

configuring crosscheck for VLANs 65-11

configuring fault alarms 65-16

configuring port MEP 65-14

configuring static remote MEP 65-13, 65-16, 65-18

crosscheck 65-5

defined 65-2

EtherChannel support 65-7, 66-4

fault alarms

configuring 65-16

IP SLAs support for 65-6

IP SLAs with endpoint discovers 65-21

maintenance domain 65-2

manually configuring IP SLAs ping or jitter 65-19

measuring network performance 65-6

monitoring 65-32, 65-33

port MEP, configuring 65-14

remote MEPs 65-5

static RMEP, configuring 65-13, 65-16, 65-18

static RMEP check 65-5

Y.1731

described 65-27

CGMP

overview 27-2

Change of Authorization, RADIUS 46-97

channel-group group command 5-46, 26-8, 26-10

Cisco 7600 series Internet router

enabling SNMP 72-4, 72-5

Cisco Discovery Protocol

See CDP

Cisco Express Forwarding

See CEF

Cisco Group Management Protocol

See CGMP

Cisco IOS IP SLAs 68-2

Cisco IOS NSF-aware

support 13-2

Cisco IOS NSF-capable support 13-2

Cisco IP Phones

configuring 43-3

sound quality 43-1

Cisco TrustSec

credentials 45-10

switch-to-switch security

802.1x mode 45-11

configuration example 45-14

manual mode 45-12

Cisco TrustSec Network Device Admission Control

See NDAC

CiscoWorks 2000 62-4

CIST

description 22-22

civic location 31-3

class level, configure in a service policy 42-31, 42-65

class of service

See CoS

clear cdp counters command 30-4

clear cdp table command 30-3

clear counters command 8-36

clearing

Ethernet CFM 65-31

IP multicast table entries 37-28

clear ip eigrp neighbors command 34-19

CLI

accessing 2-2

backing out one level 2-5

getting commands 2-5

history substitution 2-4

managing clusters 16-13

modes 2-5

monitoring environments 57-1

ROM monitor 2-7

software basics 2-4

client processes, tracking 59-1

clients

in 802.1X authentication 46-3

clock

See system clock

clustering switches

command switch characteristics

and VTY 16-12

convert to a community 16-10

managing

through CLI 16-13

overview 16-2

planning considerations

CLI 16-13

passwords 16-8

CoA Request Commands 46-100

command-line processing 2-3

command modes 2-5

commands

b 73-3

b flash 73-3

boot 73-3

confreg 73-3

dev 73-3

dir device 73-3

frame 73-5

i 73-3

listing 2-5

meminfo 73-5

reset 73-3

ROM monitor 73-2 to 73-3

ROM monitor debugging 73-5

SNMP 72-4

sysret 73-5

command switch, cluster

requirements 16-11

common and internal spanning tree

See CIST

common spanning tree

See CST

community of switches

access modes in Network Assistant 16-9

adding devices 16-9

communication protocols 16-8

community name 16-8

configuration information 16-9

converting from a cluster 16-10

host name 16-8

passwords 16-8

community ports 44-3

community strings

configuring 62-7

overview 62-4

community VLANs 44-2, 44-3

configure as a PVLAN 44-15

compiling MIBs 72-4

config-register command 3-29

config terminal command 3-9

configurable leave timer,IGMP 27-4

configuration examples

SNMP 62-15

configuration files

limiting TFTP server access 62-15

obtaining with DHCP 3-6

saving 3-10

system contact and location information 62-14

configuration guidelines

CFM 65-7, 66-4

Ethernet OAM 65-35

REP 24-7

SNMP 62-6

VLAN mapping 29-10

configuration register

boot fields

listing value 3-29

modifying 3-28

changing from ROM monitor 73-3

changing settings 3-28 to 3-29

configuring 3-26

settings at startup 3-27

configure class-level queue-limit in a service policy 42-31, 42-65

configure terminal command 3-29, 8-2

configuring access-group mode on Layer 2 interface 53-31

configuring flow control 8-23

configuring interface link and trunk status envents 8-37

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 53-16

configuring named MAC extended ACLs 53-14, 53-15

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 53-13

configuring VLAN maps 53-17

confreg command 73-3

Connectivity Fault Management

See CFM

console configuration mode 2-5

console download 73-4 to 73-5

console port

disconnecting user sessions 9-7

monitoring user sessions 9-6

contact information

assigning for call home 67-4

controlling switch access with RADIUS 46-95

Control Plane Policing

and Layer 2 Control packet QoS, configuration example 50-14

configuration guidelines and restrictions 50-8

configuring for control plane traffic 50-4

configuring for data plane and management plan traffic 50-5

defaults 50-4

general guidelines 50-3

monitoring 50-9

understanding 50-2

control protocol, IP SLAs 68-4

convergence

REP 24-4

copy running-config startup-config command 3-10

copy system:running-config nvram:startup-config command 3-32

core system filter, Wireshark 58-6

CoS

definition 42-3

figure 42-2

overriding on Cisco IP Phones 43-5

priority 43-5

counters

clearing MFIB 37-28

clearing on interfaces 8-36

CPU, impact of ACL processing 53-12

CPU port sniffing 57-10

crashfiles information, archiving 2-8

Critical Authentication

configure with 802.1X 46-62

crosscheck, CFM 65-5, 65-11

CST

description 22-25

IST and 22-22

MST and 22-22

customer edge devices 41-2

C-VLAN 1-2, 29-7

D

database agent

configuration examples 52-15

enabling the DHCP Snooping 52-13

daylight saving time 4-13

debug commands, ROM monitor 73-5

decoding and displaying packets, Wireshark 58-9

default configuration

802.1X 46-27

banners 4-24

DNS 4-23

Ethernet OAM 65-35

IGMP filtering 27-30

IGMP snooping 28-5, 28-6

IP SLAs 68-6

IPv6 54-7

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-16

LLDP 31-5

MAC address table 4-30

MVR 27-23

NTP 4-4

private VLANs 44-12

RADIUS 46-103

REP 24-7

resetting the interface 8-40

RMON 69-3

SNMP 62-5

SPAN and RSPAN 57-6

system message logging 60-3

TACACS+ 3-18

VLAN mapping 29-9

Y.1731 65-29

default gateway

configuring 3-11

verifying configuration 3-11

default settings, erase commad 3-32

default web-based authentication configuration

802.1X 48-6

defining/modifying/deleting a capture point, Wireshark 58-12

denial-of-service attacks

IP address spoofing, mitigating 36-5

Unicast RPF, deploying 36-5

denying access to a server on another VLAN 53-23

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports 8-12, 8-13

deploying 10-Gigabit Ethernet and a Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports on WS-X4606-10GE-E and Sup 6-E 8-13

description command 8-23

dev command 73-3

device discovery protocol 31-1

device IDs

call home format 67-21, 67-22

device sensor

configuring 46-118

DHCP

configuring

rate limit for incoming packets 52-13

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 52-13

rate limiting of packets

configuring 52-13

DHCP-based autoconfiguration

client request message exchange 3-3

configuring

client side 3-3

DNS 3-5

relay device 3-5

server-side 3-4

TFTP server 3-4

example 3-7

lease options

for IP address information 3-4

for receiving the configuration file 3-4

overview 3-2

relationship to BOOTP 3-3

DHCP option 82

identifying a port with 38-4

overview 52-4

DHCP Snooping

enabling, and Option 82 52-10

DHCP snooping

accepting untrusted packets form edge switch 52-10

configuring 52-6

default configuration 52-7

displaying binding tables 52-19

displaying configuration 52-19

displaying information 52-18

enabling 52-7

enabling on private VLAN 52-12

enabling on the aggregation switch 52-9

enabling the database agent 52-13

message exchange process 52-4

monitoring 52-23

option 82 data insertion 52-4

overview 52-1

Snooping database agent 52-2

DHCP Snooping Database Agent

adding to the database (example) 52-18

enabling (example) 52-15

overview 52-2

reading from a TFTP file (example) 52-17

Diagnostics

online 70-1

Power-On-Self-Test

causes of failure 70-20

how it works 70-10

overview 70-10

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 70-13

Differentiated Services Code Point values

See DSCP values

DiffServ architecture, QoS 42-2

Digital optical monitoring transceiver support 8-19

dir device command 73-3

disabled state

RSTP comparisons (table) 22-24

disabling

broadcast storm control 56-5

disabling multicast storm control 56-5

disconnect command 9-7

discovery, clusters

See automatic discovery

discovery, Ethernet OAM 65-34

display dection and removal events 15-7

display filter, Wireshark 58-7

displaying

Auth Manager sumary for an interface 46-126

MAB details 46-128

summary of all Auth manager sessions 46-126

summary of all Auth manager sessions on the switch authorized for a specified authentication method 46-126

displaying EtherChannel to a Virtual Switch System 26-16

displaying storm control 56-6

displaying Wireshark information 58-14

display PoE consumed by a module 15-8

display PoE detection and removal events 15-7

DNS

and DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-5

default configuration 4-23

displaying the configuration 4-24

overview 4-22

setting up 4-23

domain names

DNS 4-22

Domain Name System

See DNS

double-tagged packets

802.1Q tunneling 29-2

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-15

downloading MIBs 72-3, 72-4

drop threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 29-16

DSCP values

definition 42-4

IP precedence 42-2

Dual_Active Detection

using Enhanced PAgP 5-23

Dual-Active Detection, using Fast-Hello 5-24

duplex command 8-22

duplex mode

configuring interface 8-20

dynamic ARP inspection

ARP cache poisoning 51-2

configuring

ACLs for non-DHCP environments 51-11

in DHCP environments 51-5

log buffer 51-14

rate limit for incoming ARP packets 51-16

denial-of-service attacks, preventing 51-16

interface trust state, security coverage 51-3

log buffer

configuring 51-14

logging of dropped packets 51-4

overview 51-1

port channels, their behavior 51-5

priority of static bindings 51-4

purpose of 51-2

rate limiting of ARP packets 51-4

configuring 51-16

validation checks, performing 51-19

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol snooping

See DHCP snooping

dynamic port VLAN membership

example 17-29

limit on hosts 17-28

reconfirming 17-26

troubleshooting 17-28

E

EAP frames

changing retransmission time 46-85

exchanging (figure) 46-4, 46-6, 46-13

request/identity 46-4

response/identity 46-4

setting retransmission number 46-86

EAPOL frames

802.1X authentication and 46-3

OTP authentication, example (figure) 46-4, 46-13

start 46-4

Echo mode,configuring BFD 39-15

edge ports

description 22-27

EGP

overview 1-17

EIGRP

configuration examples 34-19

monitoring and maintaining 34-19

EIGRP (Enhanced IGRP)

stub routing

benefits 34-17

configuration tasks 34-18

configuring 34-14

overview 34-14

restrictions 34-17

verifying 34-18

EIGRP (enhanced IGRP)

overview 1-17

eigrp stub command 34-18

EIGRP stub routing, configuring 34-13

ELIN location 31-3

e-mail addresses

assigning for call home 67-4

e-mail notifications

Call Home 1-24, 67-2

Embedded CiscoView

displaying information 4-48

installing and configuring 4-45

overview 4-45

emergency alarms on Sup Engine 6-E systems 14-5

enable command 3-9, 3-28

enable mode 2-5

enabling SNMP 72-4, 72-5

encryption keying 45-2

encryption keys, MKA 45-2

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

See EIGRP

enhanced object tracking

defined 59-1

IP routing state 59-2

line-protocol state 59-2

tracked lists 59-3

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 15-15

Enhanced PoE support on E-series,configuring Universal PoE 15-16

environmental monitoring

using CLI commands 14-1

EPM logging 46-129

errdisable recovery

configuring 15-14

EtherChannel

channel-group group command 5-46, 26-8, 26-10

configuration guidelines 5-30, 26-5

configuring 26-6 to 26-16

configuring (tasks) 5-30

configuring Layer 2 26-10

configuring Layer 3 26-7

DFC restriction, see CSCdt27074 in the Release Notes

displaying to a virtual switch system 26-16

interface port-channel command 26-7

lacp system-priority

command example 26-13

modes 26-3

overview 26-2

PAgP

Understanding 26-4

physical interface configuration 5-46, 26-7

port-channel interfaces 26-2

port-channel load-balance command 26-14

removing 26-15

removing interfaces 26-15

understanding 5-2

EtherChannel guard

disabling 25-6

enabling 25-6

overview 25-6

Ethernet management port

and routing 8-6

and routing protocols 8-6

configuring 8-10

default setting 8-6

described 1-29, 8-6

for network management 1-29, 8-6

specifying 8-10

supported features 8-10

unsupported features 8-10

Ethernet management port, internal

and routing protocols 8-6

Ethernet Management Port, using 8-6

Ethernet OAM 65-34

and CFM interaction 65-51

configuration guidelines 65-35

configuring with CFM 65-51

default configuration 65-35

discovery 65-34

enabling 65-36, 65-52

link monitoring 65-34, 65-38

messages 65-34

protocol

defined 65-33

monitoring 65-49

remote failure indications 65-34

remote loopback 65-34, 65-37

templates 65-45

Ethernet OAM protocol CFM notifications 65-51

Ethernet Remote Defect Indication (ETH-RDI) 65-28

event triggers, user-defined

configuring, 802.1X-based 21-8

configuring, MAC address-based 21-9

explicit host tracking

enabling 27-11

extended range VLANs

See VLANs

Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN 46-2

Exterior Gateway Protocol

See EGP

F

Fa0 port

See Ethernet management port

Failure detection, using BFD 39-7

Fallback Authentication

 

configure with 802.1X 46-77

FastDrop

overview 37-11

fastethernet0 port

See Ethernet management port

Fast-Hello

dual-active detection 5-24

Fast-Hello dual-active detection, configuring 5-50

fast link notification

on VSL failure 5-14

Fast UDLD

configuring probe message interval 32-8

default configuration 32-4

displaying link status 32-9

enabling globally 32-5

enabling on individual interface 32-7

enabling per-interface 32-6

modes of operation 32-3

resetting disabled LAN interfaces 32-8

use case 32-2

Fast UDLD, overview 32-1

feature interactions, Wireshark 58-10

FIB

description 35-2

See also MFIB

fiber-optics interfaces

disabling UDLD 32-7

Filter-ID ACL and Per-User ACL, configureport-based authentication

configure Per-User ACL and Filter-ID ACL 46-45

filtering

in a VLAN 53-18

non-IP traffic 53-14, 53-15

filters, Wireshark 58-6

flags 37-12

Flash memory

configuring router to boot from 3-31

loading system images from 3-30

security precautions 3-31

Flexible NetFlow

caveats 64-1, 64-7

defined 1-4, 64-1

Flex Links

configuration guidelines 23-6

configuring 23-6, 23-7

configuring preferred VLAN 23-9

configuring VLAN load balancing 23-8

monitoring 23-12

flooded traffic, blocking 55-2

flowchart, traffic marking procedure 42-21, 42-55

flow control, configuring 8-23

For 15-13

forward-delay time (STP)

configuring 22-19

forwarding information base

See FIB

frame command 73-5

G

gateway

See default gateway

get-bulk-request operation 62-3

get-next-request operation 62-3, 62-4

get-request operation 62-3, 62-4

get-response operation 62-3

Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports

deploy with 10-Gigabit Ethernet 8-12, 8-13

GLBP, introduction 1-15

global configuration mode 2-5

Guest-VLANs

configure with 802.1X 46-57

H

hardware and software ACL support 53-6

hardware switching 35-5

hello time (STP)

configuring 22-17

high CPU due to ACLs, troubleshooting 53-6

history

CLI 2-4

history table, level and number of syslog messages 60-9

hop counts

configuring MST bridges 22-28

host

limit on dynamic port 17-28

host modes, MACsec 45-3

host ports

kinds of 44-4

host presence CDP message 46-8

Hot Standby Routing Protocol

See HSRP

HSRP

description 1-16

HSRP, introduction 1-16

hw-module module num power command 14-22

I

ICMP

enabling 9-12

ping 9-7

running IP traceroute 9-9

time exceeded messages 9-9

ICMP Echo operation

configuring 68-11

IP SLAs 68-11

i command 73-3

IDS

using with SPAN and RSPAN 57-2

IEEE 802.1ag 65-2

IEEE 802.1s

See MST

IEEE 802.1w

See MST

IEEE 802.3ad

See LACP

IGMP

configurable-leave timer 27-4

description 37-3

enabling 37-14

explicit host tracking 27-4

immediate-leave processing 27-3

leave processing, enabling 28-8

overview 27-2

report suppression

disabling 28-10

IGMP filtering

configuring 27-31

default configuration 27-30

described 27-30

monitoring 27-34

IGMP groups

setting the maximum number 27-33

IGMP Immediate Leave

configuration guidelines 27-9

IGMP profile

applying 27-32

configuration mode 27-31

configuring 27-31

IGMP Snooping

configure

leave timer 27-9

configuring

Learning Methods 27-7

static connection to a multicast router 27-8

configuring host statically 27-11

enabling

Immediate-Leave processing

explicit host tracking 27-11

suppressing multicast flooding 27-12

IGMP snooping

configuration guidelines 27-5

default configuration 28-5, 28-6

enabling

globally 27-6

on a VLAN 27-6

enabling and disabling 28-6

IP multicast and 37-4

monitoring 27-14, 28-10

overview 27-2

IGMP Snooping, displaying

group 27-16

hot membership 27-15

how to 27-15

MAC address entries 27-18

multicast router interfaces 27-17

on a VLAN interface 27-18

Querier information 27-19

IGMPSnooping Querier, configuring 27-10

Immediate Leave, IGMP

enabling 28-8

immediate-leave processing

enabling 27-8

IGMP

See fast-leave processing

ingress packets, SPAN enhancement 57-12

inline power

configuring on Cisco IP phones 43-5

insufficient inline power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 14-22

Intelligent Power Management 15-4

interacting with Baby Giants 8-29

interface

displaying operational status 15-6

interface command 3-9, 8-2

interface configuration

REP 24-10

interface link and trunk status events

configuring 8-37

interface port-channel command 5-45, 26-7

interface range command 8-4

interface range macro command 8-11

interfaces

adding descriptive name 8-23

clearing counters 8-36

configuring 8-2

configuring ranges 8-4

displaying information about 8-36

Layer 2 modes 19-3

maintaining 8-35

monitoring 8-35

naming 8-23

numbers 8-2

overview 8-2

restarting 8-37

See also Layer 2 interfaces

using the Ethernet Management Port 8-6

Internet Control Message Protocol

See ICMP

Internet Group Management Protocol

See IGMP

Internet Protocol version 6

See IPv6

introduction

802.1X Identity-Based Network Security, list of supported features 1-34

Bidirectional Forwarding Detection 1-14

Cisco Call Home 1-24

Cisco Energy Wise 1-24

Cisco Express Forwarding 1-14

Cisco IOS IP Service Level Agreements 1-24

Cisco IOS Mediatrace and Performance Monitor 1-26

Cisco Medianet AutoQoS 1-25

Cisco Medianet Flow Metadata 1-26

Cisco Media Services Proxy 1-25

Cisco TrustSec MACsec Encryption 1-35

Cisco TrustSec Security Architecture 1-36

Debugging Features (platform and debug platform) 1-43

Device Sensor 1-14

Dynamic Host Control Protocol 1-28

Easy Virtual Network 1-28

EIGRP Stub routing 1-14

Embedded Event Manager 1-29

Enhanced Object Tracking 1-15

EtherChannel bundles 1-3

Ethernet CFM 1-3

Ethernet Management Port 1-29

Ethernet OAM Protocol 1-3

FAT File Management System (Sup 60-E, 6L-E, 4948E, and 4900M) 1-30

File System Management (Sup 7-E and 7L-E) 1-29

Flexible Netflow (Sup 7-E and 7L-E) 1-4

Flex Link and MAC Address-Table Move Update 1-4

GLBP 1-15

hard-based Control Plane Policing 1-37

HSRP 1-16

In Service Software Upgrade 1-19

Intelligent Power Management 1-30

Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Snooping 1-4

IP Routing protocols 1-17

IP Source Guard 1-38

IP Source Guard or Static Hosts 1-38

IPv6 1-19

IPv6 First Hop Security 1-39

IPv6 Multicast BSR and BSR Scoped Zone Support, introduction 1-5

IPv6 Multicast Listen Discovery (MLD) and Multicast Listen Discovery Snooping 1-6

IS-IS 1-18

Jumbo Frame 1-6

Layer 2 traceroute 1-43

Link Aggregation Control Protocol 1-7

MAC Address Notification 1-30

NAC

Layer 2 802.1X authentication 1-40

Layer 2 IP validation 1-40

NetFlow-lite 1-30

Network Security with ACLs (IP ACLs, MAC ACLs, Port ACLs, Router, ACLs, and VLAN ACLs) 1-41

NSF with SSO 1-20

OSPF 1-18

OSPF for Routed Access 1-21

Port Security 1-41

Power over Ethernet 1-31

RIP 1-19

Simple Network Management Protocol 1-31

SPAN and RSPAN 1-32

Time Domain Reflectometry 1-43

Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding 1-22

Universal Power over Ethernet 1-32

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 1-22

VRF-lite 1-22

Web-based Authentication 1-43

Web Content Coordination Protocol 1-32

Wireshark 1-33

XML-PI 1-33

Intrusion Detection System

See IDS

inventory management TLV 31-3, 31-9

IOS shell

See Auto SmartPorts macros

IP

configuring default gateway 3-11

configuring static routes 3-11

displaying statistics 35-8

IP addresses

128-bit 54-2

cluster candidate or member 16-12

cluster command switch 16-11

discovering 4-44

IPv6 54-2

ip cef command 35-6, 70-2

IP Enhanced IGRP

interfaces, displaying 34-19

ip icmp rate-limit unreachable command 9-12

ip igmp profile command 27-31

ip igmp snooping tcn flood command 27-13

ip igmp snooping tcn flood query count command 27-14

ip igmp snooping tcn query solicit command 27-14

IP information

assigned

through DHCP-based autoconfiguration 3-2

ip load-sharing per-destination command 35-7

ip local policy route-map command 40-8

ip mask-reply command 9-13

IP MTU sizes,configuring 34-9

IP multicast

clearing table entries 37-28

configuring 37-13

default configuration 37-13

displaying PIM information 37-23

displaying the routing table information 37-24

enabling dense-mode PIM 37-15

enabling sparse-mode 37-15

features not supported 37-13

hardware forwarding 37-9

IGMP snooping and 27-5, 37-4

overview 37-1

routing protocols 37-2

software forwarding 37-9

See also Auto-RP; IGMP; PIM; RP; RPF

IP multicast routing

enabling 37-14

monitoring and maintaining 37-23

ip multicast-routing command 37-14

IP multicast traffic, load splitting 37-22

IP phones

configuring voice ports 43-3

See Cisco IP Phones 43-1

ip pim command 37-15

ip pim dense-mode command 37-15

ip pim sparse-dense-mode command 37-16

ip policy route-map command 40-7

IP Port Security for Static Hosts

on a Layer 2 access port 52-25

on a PVLAN host port 52-28

overview 52-24

ip redirects command 9-13

IP routing tables

deleting entries 37-28

IPsec VPN, introduction 1-38

IP Service Level Agreements

See IP SLAs

IP service levels, analyzing 68-1

IP SLAs

benefits 68-2

CFM endpoint discovery 65-21

configuration guidelines 68-7

Control Protocol 68-4

default configuration 68-6

definition 68-1

ICMP echo operation 68-11

manually configuring CFM ping or jitter 65-19

measuring network performance 68-3

multioperations scheduling 68-5

operation 68-3

reachability tracking 59-9

responder

described 68-4

enabling 68-7

response time 68-4

scheduling 68-5

SNMP support 68-2

supported metrics 68-2

threshold monitoring 68-6

track state 59-9

UDP jitter operation 68-8

IP Source Guard

configuring 52-20

configuring on private VLANs 52-22

displaying 52-22, 52-23

overview 52-23

IP statistics

displaying 35-8

IP traceroute

executing 9-9

overview 9-8

IP unicast

displaying statistics 35-8

IP Unnumbered support

configuring on a range of Ethernet VLANs 18-5

configuring on LAN and VLAN interfaces 18-4

configuring with connected host polling 18-6

DHCP Option 82 18-2

displaying settings 18-7

format of agent remote ID suboptions 18-2

troubleshooting 18-8

with conected host polling 18-3

with DHCP server and Relay agent 18-2

ip unreachables command 9-12

IPv4, IPv6, and MAC ACLs, configuring on a Layer 2 interface 53-29

IPv6

addresses 54-2

default configuration 54-7

defined 1-19, 54-1

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) IPv6 54-6

Router ID 54-6

OSPF 54-6

IPv6 control traffic, policing 50-16

IPv6 First Hop Security, introduction 1-39

IPX

redistribution of route information with EIGRP 1-17

is 29-19

IS-IS, introduction 1-18

ISL

trunking with 802.1Q tunneling 29-4

isolated port 44-4

isolated VLANs 44-2, 44-3, 44-4

ISSU

compatibility matrix 5-59, 6-14, 7-13

compatiblity verification using Cisco Feature Navigator 5-60, 6-15, 7-14

NSF overview 6-3, 7-3

perform the process

aborting a software upgrade 5-76, 6-34, 7-33

configuring the rollback timer as a safeguard 5-77, 6-35, 7-35

displaying a compatibility matrix 5-79, 6-36, 6-40, 7-36

loading the new software on the new standby 5-69, 6-27, 7-26

stopping the rollback timer 5-68, 6-26, 7-25

switching to the standby 5-66, 6-24, 7-23

verify the ISSU state 5-63, 6-20, 7-20

verify the redundancy mode 5-62, 6-19, 7-19

verify the software installation 5-61, 6-18, 7-18

vload the new software on standby 5-65, 6-21, 7-21

prerequisites 5-55, 6-2, 7-2

process overview 6-6, 7-6

restrictions 5-55, 6-2, 7-2

SNMP support 6-15, 7-14

SSO overview 6-3, 7-3

versioning capability in software to support 6-13

IST

and MST regions 22-22

description 22-22

master 22-27

ITU-T Y.1731

See Y.1731

J

jumbo frames

and ethernet ports 8-27

configuring MTU sizes for 8-28

ports and linecards that support 8-26

understanding MTUs 8-26

understanding support 8-26

VLAN interfaces 8-28

K

keyboard shortcuts 2-3

L

l2protocol-tunnel command 29-17

labels, definition 42-3

LACP

system ID 26-4

Layer 2 access ports 19-7

Layer 2 Control Packet QoS

and CoPP configuration example 50-14

default configuation 50-11

disabling 50-13

enabvling 50-12

guideline and restrictions 50-16

understanding 50-11

Layer 2 frames

classification with CoS 42-2

Layer 2 interface

applying ACLs 53-31

configuring access-mode mode on 53-31

configuring IPv4, IPv6, and MAC ACLs 53-29

displaying an ACL configuration 53-32

Layer 2 interfaces

assigning VLANs 17-7

configuring 19-5

configuring as PVLAN host ports 44-18

configuring as PVLAN promiscuous ports 44-17

configuring as PVLAN trunk ports 44-19

defaults 19-4

disabling configuration 19-8

modes 19-3

show interfaces command 19-6

Layer 2 interface type

resetting 44-24

setting 44-24

Layer 2 protocol tunneling

default configuration 29-16

guidelines 29-16

Layer 2 switching

overview 19-1

Layer 2 Traceroute

and ARP 9-10

and CDP 9-10

host-to-host paths 9-10

IP addresses and subnets 9-10

MAC addresses and VLANs 9-10

multicast traffic 9-10

multiple devices on a port 9-10

unicast traffic 1-43, 9-9

usage guidelines 9-10

Layer 2 trunks

configuring 19-5

overview 19-3

Layer 3 interface, applying IPv6 ACLs 53-17

Layer 3 interface counters,configuring 34-10

Layer 3 interface counters,understanding 34-3

Layer 3 interfaces

changing from Layer 2 mode 41-16

configuration guidelines 34-5

configuring VLANs as interfaces 34-7

overview 34-1

counters 34-3

logical 34-2

physical 34-2

SVI autostate exclude 34-3

Layer 3 packets

classification methods 42-2

Layer 4 port operations

configuration guidelines 53-11

restrictions 53-10

Leave timer, enabling 27-9

licenses, managing with PRTU 4-14

limitations on using a TwinGig Convertor 8-14

Link Aggregation Control Protocol, introduction 1-7

link and trunk status events

configuring interface 8-37

link integrity, verifying with REP 24-4

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

See CDP

link monitoring, Ethernet OAM 65-34, 65-38

link-state tracking

configuration guidelines 26-21

default configuration 26-21

described 26-18

displaying status 26-22

generic configuration procedure 26-21

link status, displaying UDLD 32-9

listening state (STP)

RSTP comparisons (table) 22-24

LLDP

configuring 31-4

characteristics 31-5

default configuration 31-5

disabling and enabling

globally 31-6

on an interface 31-7

monitoring and maintaining 31-14

overview 31-1

transmission timer and holdtime, setting 31-5

LLDP-MED

configuring

procedures 31-4

TLVs 31-9, 31-11

monitoring and maintaining 31-14

overview 31-1

supported TLVs 31-2

LLDP Media Endpoint Discovery

See LLDP-MED

load balancing

configuring for CEF 35-7

configuring for EtherChannel 26-14

overview 26-5, 35-6

per-destination 35-7

load splitting IP multicast traffic 37-22

Location Service

overview 31-1

location service

configuring 31-12

understanding 31-3

location TLV 31-3, 31-9

logging, EPM 46-129

Logical Layer 3 interfaces

configuring 34-6

logical layer 3 VLAN interfaces 34-2

login authentication

with RADIUS 46-106

with TACACS+ 3-19

login banners 4-24

login timer

changing 9-6

logoutwarning command 9-6

loop guard

and MST 22-23

configuring 25-4

overview 25-3

M

MAC/PHY configuration status TLV 31-2

MAC addresses

aging time 4-30

allocating 22-6

and VLAN association 4-29

building tables 4-28, 19-2

convert dynamic to sticky secure 49-5

default configuration 4-30

disabling learning on a VLAN 4-39

discovering 4-44

displaying 9-3

displaying in DHCP snooping binding table 52-19

dynamic

learning 4-29

removing 4-31

in ACLs 53-14

static

adding 4-37

allowing 4-38

characteristics of 4-36

dropping 4-38

removing 4-37

sticky 49-4

sticky secure, adding 49-5

MAC address learning, disabling on a VLAN 4-39

confuguring 4-39

deployment scenarios 4-40

feature compatibility 4-42

feature incompatibility 4-43

feature inompatibility 4-43

usage guidelines 4-40

MAC address table

displaying 4-44

MAC address-table move update

configuration guidelines 23-10

configuring 23-10

monitoring 23-12

MAC Authentication Bypass

configure with 802.1X 46-60

MAC details, displaying 46-128

MAC extended access lists 53-14

macl 53-14

macros

See Auto SmartPorts macros

See Auto Smartports macros

See Smartports macros

MACSec

802.1AE Tagging 45-9

MACsec 45-2

configuring on an interface 45-7

defined 45-1, 45-2

switch-to-switch security 45-1

MACsec Key Agreement Protocol

See MKA

main-cpu command 11-8, 12-7

management address TLV 31-2

management options

SNMP 62-1

Management Port, Ethernet 8-6

managing software licenses, using PRTU 4-14

manual preemption, REP, configuring 24-13

marking

hardware capabilities 42-23, 42-57

marking action drivers 42-21, 42-55

marking network traffic 42-18, 42-52

marking support, multi-attribute 42-22, 42-56

match ip address command 40-6

maximum aging time (STP)

configuring 22-18

MDA

configuration guidelines 46-23 to ??

described 46-23

MEC

configuration 5-45

described 5-14

failure 5-15

Media Access Control Security

See MACsec

members

automatic discovery 16-7

member switch

managing 16-13

member switch, cluster

defined 16-2

meminfo command 73-5

messages, Ethernet OAM 65-34

messages, to users through banners 4-24

Metro features

Y.1731 (AIS and RDI), introduction 1-12

metro tags 29-2

MFIB

CEF 37-6

overview 37-12

MFIB, IP

displaying 37-26

MIBs

compiling 72-4

downloading 72-3, 72-4

overview 62-1

related information 72-3

SNMP interaction with 62-4

MKA

configuring policies 45-6

defined 45-2

policies 45-2

replay protection 45-3

statistics 45-4

virtual ports 45-3

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 28-4

MLD messages 28-2

MLD queries 28-3

MLD reports 28-4

MLD Snooping

MLD Done messages and Immediate-leave 28-4

MLD messages 28-2

MLD queries 28-3

MLD reports 28-4

Multicast client aging robustness 28-3

Multicast router discovery 28-3

overview 28-1

Mode of capturing control packets, selecting 53-7

modules

checking status 9-1

powering down 14-22

monitoring

802.1Q tunneling 29-18

ACL information 53-35

Ethernet CFM 65-32, 65-33

Ethernet OAM 65-49

Ethernet OAM protocol 65-49

Flex Links 23-12

IGMP

snooping 28-10

IGMP filters 27-34

IGMP snooping 27-14

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-18

MAC address-table move update 23-12

multicast router interfaces 28-11

multi-VRF CE 41-14, 41-21, 41-22

MVR 27-29

object tracking 59-12

REP 24-14

traffic flowing among switches 69-1

tunneling 29-18

VLAN filters 53-24

VLAN maps 53-24

monitoring and troubleshooting

BFD 39-17

M-record 22-23

MST

and multiple spanning trees 1-8, 22-22

boundary ports 22-27

BPDUs 22-23

configuration parameters 22-26

configuring 22-29

displaying configurations 22-33

edge ports 22-27

enabling 22-29

hop count 22-28

instances

configuring parameters 22-32

description 22-23

number supported 22-26

interoperability with PVST+ 22-23

link type 22-28

master 22-27

message age 22-28

regions 22-26

restrictions 22-29

to-SST interoperability 22-24

MSTP

EtherChannel guard

enabling 25-6

M-record 22-23

M-tree 22-23

M-tree 22-23

MTUS

understanding 8-26

MTU size

configuring 8-28, 8-29, 8-38

default 17-5

Multi-authentication

described 46-23

multiauthentication mode 46-8

multicast

See IP multicast

Multicast client aging robustness 28-3

multicast Ethernet loopback, using 65-31

multicast Ethernet loopback (ETH-LB) 65-29

Multicast Forwarding Information Base (MFIB) 37-12

multicast groups

static joins 28-7

Multicast HA 37-13

Multicast implementation

HA 37-13

MFIB 37-12

S/M, 224/4 37-13

multicast packets

blocking 55-2

Multicast router discovery 28-3

multicast router interfaces, displaying 27-17

multicast router interfaces, monitoring 28-11

multicast router ports, adding 28-7

multicast routers

flood suppression 27-12

multicast router table

displaying 37-24

Multicast Storm Control

 

enabling 56-4

disabling 56-5

multicast television application, using MVR 27-21

Multicast VLAN Registration

See MVR

multichassis EtherChannel

see MEC 5-14

multidomain authentication

See MDA

multidomain authentication mode 46-7

multioperations scheduling, IP SLAs 68-5

Multiple AuthorizationAuthentication

configuring 46-34

Multiple Domain Authentication 46-34

multiple forwarding paths 1-8, 22-22

multiple-hosts mode 46-7

Multiple Spanning Tree

See MST

multiple VPN routing/forwarding

See multi-VRF CE

multi-VRF CE

components 41-3

configuration example 41-17

defined 41-1

displaying 41-14, 41-21, 41-22

monitoring 41-14, 41-21, 41-22

network components 41-3

packet-forwarding process 41-3

MVR

configuration guidelines and limitations 27-23

configuring global parameters 27-24

configuring on access ports 27-26

configuring on a trunk port 27-27

default configuration 27-23

displaying information 27-29

in a multicast television application 27-21

monitoring 27-29

setting global parameters 27-24

N

NAC Layer 2 802.1X authentication, intro 1-40

NAC Layer 2 IP validation, intro 1-40

named IPv6 ACLs, configuring

ACLs

configuring named IPv6 ACLs 53-16

named MAC extended ACLs

ACLs

configuring named MAC extended 53-14, 53-15

native VLAN

and 802.1Q tunneling 29-4

specifying 19-5

NDAC 45-9

defined 45-9

MACsec 45-1

NEAT

configuring 46-88

overview 46-24

neighbor offset numbers, REP 24-5

NetFlow-lite

clear commands 63-9

display commands 63-8

NetFlow packet sampling

about 63-2

Network Assistant

and VTY 16-12

configure

enable communication with switch 16-13, 16-17

default configuration 16-3

overview of CLI commands 16-3

Network Device Admission Control (NDAC) 45-9

Network Edge Access Topology

See NEAT

network fault tolerance 1-8, 22-22

network management

configuring 30-1

RMON 69-1

SNMP 62-1

network performance, measuring with IP SLAs 68-3

network policy TLV 31-2, 31-9

Network Time Protocol

See NTP

network traffic, marking 42-18, 42-52

New Software Features in Release 7.7

TDR 9-3

Next Hop Resolution Protocol

See NHRP

NHRP

support 1-18

non-fiber-optics interfaces

disabling UDLD 32-7

non-IP traffic filtering 53-14, 53-15

non-RPF traffic

description 37-10

in redundant configurations (figure) 37-11

Nonstop Forwarding

See NSF

nonvolatile random-access memory

See NVRAM

normal-range VLANs

See VLANs

NSF

defined 13-1

guidelines and restrictions 13-9

operation 13-4

NSF-aware

supervisor engines 13-3

support 13-2

NSF-capable

supervisor engines 13-3

support 13-2

NSF with SSO supervisor engine redundancy

and CEF 13-5

overview 13-3

SSO operation 13-4

NTP

associations

authenticating 4-4

defined 4-2

enabling broadcast messages 4-7

peer 4-6

server 4-6

default configuration 4-4

displaying the configuration 4-11

overview 4-2

restricting access

creating an access group 4-9

disabling NTP services per interface 4-10

source IP address, configuring 4-10

stratum 4-2

synchronizing devices 4-6

time

services 4-2

synchronizing 4-2

ntroduction

PPPoE Intermediate Agent 1-41

Storm Control 1-42

uRPF Strict Mode 1-42

NVRAM

saving settings 3-10

O

OAM

client 65-34

features 65-34

sublayer 65-34

OAM manager

configuring 65-52

with CFM and Ethernet OAM 65-51

OAM PDUs 65-35

OAM protocol data units 65-33

OBFL, displaying for the 9000W AC 14-4

object tracking

monitoring 59-12

OIR

overview 8-33

on-demaind online diagnostics 70-2

online diagnostic

troubleshooting 70-8

Online Diagnostics 70-1

online diagnostics

configuring on-demaind 70-2

data path, displaying test results 70-7

displaying tests and test results 70-4

linecard 70-8

scheduling 70-2

starting and stopping tests 70-3

online insertion and removal

See OIR

Open Shortest Path First

See OSPF

operating system images

See system images

Option 82

enabling DHCP Snooping 52-10

OSPF

area concept 1-18

description 1-18

for IPv6 54-6

OSPF, introduction 1-18

OSPF for Routed Access, introduction 1-21

P

packets

modifying 42-9

packet type filtering

overview 57-14

SPAN enhancement 57-14

PACL

using with access-group mode 53-30

PACL configuration guidelines 53-28

PACL with VLAN maps and router ACLs 53-32

PAgP

understanding 26-4

PAgP, dual-active detection 5-23

passwords

configuring enable password 3-14

configuring enable secret password 3-14

encrypting 3-22

in clusters 16-8

recovering lost enable password 3-25

setting line password 3-14

PBR (policy-based routing)

configuration (example) 40-8

enabling 40-6

features 40-2

overview 40-1

route-map processing logic 40-3

route-map processing logic example 40-4

route maps 40-2

when to use 40-5

percentage thresholds in tracked lists 59-6

Permanent Right-To_Use 4-14

per-port and VLAN Access Control List 52-19

per-port per-VLAN QoS

enabling 42-36, 42-70

overview 42-10

Per-User ACL and Filter-ID ACL, configure 46-45

Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 22-6

enabling 22-20

overview 22-6

PE to CE routing, configuring 41-9

physical layer 3 interfaces 34-2

Physical Layer 3 interfaces, configuring 34-12

PIM

configuring dense mode 37-15

configuring sparse mode 37-15

displaying information 37-23

displaying statistics 37-27

enabling sparse-dense mode 37-15, 37-16

overview 37-3

PIM-DM 37-3

PIM on an interface, enabling 37-14

PIM-SM 37-3

PIM-SSM mapping, enabling 37-17

ping

executing 9-8

overview 9-7

ping command 9-8, 37-23

PoE 15-7, 15-8

configuring power consumption, powered devices 15-5

configuring power consumption for single device 15-5, 15-16

displaying operational status for an interface 15-6

Enhanced PoE support on E-series 15-15

policing and monitoring 15-12

power consumption for powered devices

Intelligent Power Management 15-4

powering down a module 14-22

power management modes 15-2

PoE policing

configuring errdisable recovery 15-14

configuring on an interface 15-13

displaying on an interface 15-14

power modes 15-12

point-to-point

in 802.1X authentication (figure) 46-3

policing

how to implement 42-18, 42-52

See QoS policing

policing, PoE 15-12

policing IPv6 control traffic 50-16

policy associations, QoS on Sup 6-E 42-39, 42-73

policy-map command 42-16, 42-51

policy map marking action, configuring 42-23, 42-57

port ACLs

and voice VLAN 53-4

defined 53-3

Port Aggregation Protocol

see PAgP

port-based authentication

802.1X with voice VLAN 46-22

Authentication Failed VLAN assignment 46-17

authentication server

defined 48-2

changing the quiet period 46-84

client, defined 46-3, 48-2

configuration guidelines 46-29, 48-6

configure ACL assignments and redirect URLs 46-38

configure switch-to-RADIUS server communication 46-32

configure with Authentication Failed 46-70

configure with Critical Authentication 46-62

configure with Guest-VLANs 46-57

configure with MAC Authentication Bypass 46-60

configure with VLAN User Distribution 46-68

configure with Voice VLAN 46-72

configuring

Multiple Domain Authentication and Multiple Authorization 46-34

RADIUS server 48-10

RADIUS server parameters on the switch 48-9

configuring Fallback Authentication 46-77

configuring Guest-VLAN 46-32

configuring manual re-authentication of a client 46-94

configuring with Unidirectional Controlled Port 46-66

controlling authorization state 46-5

default configuration 46-27, 48-6

described 46-1

device roles 46-2, 48-2

displaying statistics 46-125, 48-14

enabling 46-29

802.1X authentication 48-9

enabling multiple hosts 46-83

enabling periodic re-authentication 46-81

encapsulation 46-3

host mode 46-6

how 802.1X fails on a port 46-25

initiation and message exchange 46-4

method lists 46-29

modes 46-6

multidomain authentication 46-23

multiple-hosts mode, described 46-7

port security

multiple-hosts mode 46-7

ports not supported 46-5

pre-authentication open access 46-8

resetting to default values 46-95

setting retransmission number 46-86

setting retransmission time 46-85

switch

as proxy 48-2

switch supplicant

configuring 46-88

overview 46-24

topologies, supported 46-26

using with ACL assignments and redirect URLs 46-20

using with port security 46-19

voice aware 802.1x security

configuring 46-74

described 46-22, 46-73

with Critical Authentication 46-14

with Guest VLANs 46-11

with MAC Authentication Bypass 46-12

with Unidirectional Controlled Port 46-15

with VLAN assignment 46-10

with VLAN User Distribution 46-16

port-channel

see EtherChannel

port-channel interfaces

See also EtherChannel

creating 5-45, 26-7

overview 26-2

port-channel load-balance

command 26-13

command example 26-13

port-channel load-balance command 26-14

port cost (STP)

configuring 22-15

port description TLV 31-2

PortFast

and MST 22-23

BPDU filter, configuring 25-9

configuring or enabling 25-15

overview 25-6

PortFast BPDU filtering

and MST 22-23

enabling 25-9

overview 25-9

port numbering with TwinGig Convertors 8-13

port priority

configuring MST instances 22-32

configuring STP 22-13

ports

blocking 55-1

checking status 9-2

dynamic VLAN membership

example 17-29

reconfirming 17-26

forwarding, resuming 55-3

REP 24-6

See also interfaces

port security

aging 49-5

configuring 49-7

displaying 49-28

guidelines and restrictions 49-33

on access ports 49-7, 49-22

on private VLAN 49-14

host 49-14

promiscuous 49-16

topology 49-15, 49-18, 49-32

on trunk port 49-17

guidelines and restrictions 49-15, 49-18, 49-32

port mode changes 49-22

on voice ports 49-22

sticky learning 49-5

using with 802.1X 46-19

violations 49-6

with 802.1X Authentication 49-32

with DHCP and IP Source Guard 49-31

with other features 49-33

port states

description 22-5

port VLAN ID TLV 31-2

power

inline 43-5

power dc input command 14-21

powered devices, configuring power consumption 15-5

power handling for Supervisor Engine II-TS 15-12

power inline command 15-3

power inline consumption command 15-5

power management

Catalyst 4500 series 14-7

Catalyst 4500 Switch power supplies 14-14

Catalyst 4948 series 14-23

configuring combined mode 14-13

configuring redundant mode 14-12

overview 14-1

redundancy 14-7

power management for Catalyst 4500 Switch

combined mode 14-9

redundant mode 14-9

power management limitations in Catalyst 4500 Switch 14-10

power management mode

selecting 14-10

power management TLV 31-2, 31-3, 31-9

power negotiation

through LLDP 31-11

Power-On-Self-Test diagnostics 70-10, 70-20

Power-On-Self-Test for Supervisor Engine V-10GE 70-13

power policing, displaying on an interface 15-14

power redundancy-mode command 14-13

power supplies

available power for Catalyst 4500 Switch 14-14

fixed 14-8

variable 14-8, 14-23

pre-authentication open access 46-8

pre-authentication open access. See port-based authentication.

preempt delay time, REP 24-5

primary edge port, REP 24-4

primary VLANs 44-2, 44-4

associating with secondary VLANs 44-16

configuring as a PVLAN 44-15

priority

overriding CoS of incoming frames 43-5

priority queuing, QoS on Sup 6-E 42-30, 42-64

private VLAN

configure port security 49-14, 49-15

enabling DHCP Snooping 52-12

private VLANs

across multiple switches 44-5

and SVIs 44-10

benefits of 44-2

community ports 44-3

community VLANs 44-2, 44-3

default configuration 44-12

end station access to 44-3

isolated port 44-4

isolated VLANs 44-2, 44-3, 44-4

ports

community 44-3

isolated 44-4

promiscuous 44-4

primary VLANs 44-2, 44-4

promiscuous ports 44-4

secondary VLANs 44-2

subdomains 44-2

traffic in 44-9

privileged EXEC mode 2-5

privileges

changing default 3-23

configuring levels 3-23

exiting 3-24

logging in 3-24

promiscuous ports

configuring PVLAN 44-17

defined 44-4

setting mode 44-24

protocol timers 22-4

provider edge devices 41-2

PRTU, managing software licenses 4-14

pruning, VTP

See VTP pruning

pseudobridges

description 22-25

PVACL 52-19

PVID (port VLAN ID)

and 802.1X with voice VLAN ports 46-22

PVLAN promiscuous trunk port

configuring 44-11, 44-17, 44-21

PVLANs

802.1q support 44-14

across multiple switches 44-5

configuration guidelines 44-12

configure port security 49-14, 49-16, 49-18

configure port security in a wireless setting 49-32

configuring 44-11

configuring a VLAN 44-15

configuring promiscuous ports 44-17

host ports

configuring a Layer 2 interface 44-18

setting 44-24

overview 44-1

permitting routing, example 44-23

promiscuous mode

setting 44-24

setting

interface mode 44-24

Q

QoS

classification 42-6 to ??

definitions 42-3

enabling per-port per-VLAN 42-36, 42-70

overview 42-1

overview of per-port per-VLAN 42-10

packet modification 42-9

traffic shaping 42-9

See also COS; DSCP values; transmit queues

QoS active queue management

tracking queue length 42-9

QoS labels

definition 42-3

QoS marking

description 42-5

QoS on Sup 6-E

Active Queue management via DBL 42-34, 42-68

active queue management via DBL 42-27, 42-34, 42-61, 42-68

classification 42-16, 42-50

configuring 42-13, 42-47

configuring CoS mutation 42-45, 42-79

configuring the policy map marking action 42-23, 42-57

hardware capabilities for marking 42-23, 42-57

how to implement policing 42-18, 42-52

marking action drivers 42-21, 42-55

marking network traffic 42-18, 42-52

MQC-based QoS configuration 42-13, 42-48

multi-attribute marking support 42-22, 42-56

platform hardware capabilities 42-15, 42-49

platform restrictions 42-18, 42-52

platform-supported classification criteria and QoS features 42-13, 42-14, 42-48

policing 42-17, 42-51

policy associations 42-39, 42-73

prerequisites for applying a service policy 42-15, 42-49

priority queuing 42-30, 42-64

queue-limiting 42-31, 42-65

restrictions for applying a service policy 42-15, 42-50

shaping 42-25, 42-59

sharing(bandwidth) 42-27, 42-61

sharing(blandwidth), shapring, and priority queuing 42-25, 42-59

software QoS 42-40, 42-74

traffic marking procedure flowchart 42-21, 42-55

QoS policing

definition 42-5

described 42-8

QoS policy

attaching to interfaces 42-8

QoS service policy

prerequisites 42-15, 42-49

restrictions for applying 42-15, 42-50

QoS transmit queues

burst 42-9

maximum rate 42-9

sharing link bandwidth 42-9

quad-supervisor

uplink forwarding 5-6

Quality of service

See QoS

queueing 42-8

queue-limiting, QoS on Sup 6-E 42-31, 42-65

R

RADIUS

attributes

vendor-proprietary 46-114

vendor-specific 46-112

change of authorization 46-97

configuring

accounting 46-111

authentication 46-106

authorization 46-110

communication, global 46-104, 46-112

communication, per-server 46-103, 46-104

multiple UDP ports 46-104

default configuration 46-103

defining AAA server groups 46-108

displaying the configuration 46-116

identifying the server 46-103

limiting the services to the user 46-110

method list, defined 46-103

operation of 46-97

server load balancing 46-116

suggested network environments 46-96

tracking services accessed by user 46-111

understanding 46-96

RADIUS, controlling switch access with 46-95

RADIUS Change of Authorization 46-97

RADIUS server

configure to-Switch communication 46-32

configuring settings 46-34

parameters on the switch 46-32

RA Guard

configuring 53-36

deployment 53-36

examples 53-37

introduction 53-35

usage guidelines 53-38

range command 8-4

range macros

defining 8-11

ranges of interfaces

configuring 8-4

Rapid Spanning Tree

See RSTP

rcommand command 16-13

reachability, tracking IP SLAs IP host 59-9

re-authentication of a client

configuring manual 46-94

enabling periodic 46-81

redirect URLs, port-based authentication 46-20

reduced MAC address 22-2

redundancy

configuring 11-7, 12-7

guidelines and restrictions 11-5, 12-5

changes made through SNMP 11-11, 12-11

NSF-aware support 13-2

NSF-capable support 13-2

overview 11-2, 12-2

redundancy command 11-8, 12-7

understanding synchronization 11-4, 12-5

redundancy (NSF) 13-1

configuring

BGP 13-11

CEF 13-10

EIGRP 13-16

IS-IS 13-13

OSPF 13-12

routing protocols 13-5

redundancy (RPR)

route processor redundancy 11-2, 12-3

synchronization 11-5, 12-5

redundancy (SSO)

redundancy command 13-10

route processor redundancy 11-3, 12-3

synchronization 11-5, 12-5

reload command 3-28, 3-29

Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

See RADIUS

remote failure indications 65-34

remote loopback, Ethernet OAM 65-34, 65-37

Remote Network Monitoring

See RMON

rendezvous point, configuring 37-17

rendezvous point, configuring single static 37-20

REP

administrative VLAN 24-8

administrative VLAN, configuring 24-9

and STP 24-6

configuration guidelines 24-7

configuring interfaces 24-10

convergence 24-4

default configuration 24-7

manual preemption, configuring 24-13

monitoring 24-14

neighbor offset numbers 24-5

open segment 24-2

ports 24-6

preempt delay time 24-5

primary edge port 24-4

ring segment 24-2

secondary edge port 24-4

segments 24-1

characteristics 24-2

SNMP traps, configuring 24-14

supported interfaces 24-1

triggering VLAN load balancing 24-6

verifying link integrity 24-4

VLAN blocking 24-13

VLAN load balancing 24-4

replication

description 37-9

report suppression, IGMP

disabling 28-10

reserved-range VLANs

See VLANs

reset command 73-3

resetting an interface to default configuration 8-40

resetting a switch to defaults 3-32

Resilient Ethernet ProtocolLSee REP

responder, IP SLAs

described 68-4

enabling 68-7

response time, measuring with IP SLAs 68-4

restricting access

NTP services 4-8

RADIUS 46-95

TACACS+ 3-15

retransmission number

setting in 802.1X authentication 46-86

retransmission time

changing in 802.1X authentication 46-85

RFC

1157, SNMPv1 62-2

1305, NTP 4-2

1757, RMON 69-2

1901, SNMPv2C 62-2

1902 to 1907, SNMPv2 62-2

2273-2275, SNMPv3 62-2

RFC 5176 Compliance 46-98

RIP

description 1-19

for IPv6 54-5

RIP, introduction 1-19

RMON

default configuration 69-3

displaying status 69-6

enabling alarms and events 69-3

groups supported 69-2

overview 69-1

ROM monitor

boot process and 3-26

CLI 2-7

commands 73-2 to 73-3

debug commands 73-5

entering 73-1

exiting 73-6

overview 73-1

root bridge

configuring 22-9

selecting in MST 22-22

root guard

and MST 22-23

enabling 25-2

overview 25-2

routed packets

ACLs 53-26

route-map (IP) command 40-6

route maps

defining 40-6

PBR 40-2

router ACLs

description 1-41, 53-3

using with VLAN maps 53-25

router ACLs, using PACL with VLAN maps 53-32

route targets

VPN 41-3

Routing Information Protocol

See RIP

RPF

See Unicast RPF

RSPAN

configuration guidelines 57-16

destination ports 57-5

IDS 57-2

monitored ports 57-4

monitoring ports 57-5

received traffic 57-3

sessions

creating 57-17

defined 57-3

limiting source traffic to specific VLANs 57-23

monitoring VLANs 57-21

removing source (monitored) ports 57-20

specifying monitored ports 57-17

source ports 57-4

transmitted traffic 57-4

VLAN-based 57-5

RSTP

compatibility 22-23

description 22-22

port roles 22-24

port states 22-24

S

S/M, 224/4 37-13

SAID

See 802.10 SAID

SAP

defined 45-9

negotiation 45-9

support 45-1

scheduling 42-8

scheduling, IP SLAs operations 68-5

secondary edge port, REP 24-4

secondary root switch 22-12

secondary VLANs 44-2

associating with primary 44-16

permitting routing 44-23

security

configuring 50-1

Security Association Identifier

See 802.10 SAID

Security Exchange Protocol

See SXP

Security Exchange Protocol

See SAP

selecting a power management mode 14-10

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor Mode 8-14

sequence numbers in log messages 60-7

server IDs

description 67-23

service policy, configure class-level queue-limit 42-31, 42-65

service-policy input command 33-2

service-provider networks

and customer VLANs 29-2

session keys, MKA 45-2

set default interface command 40-7

set interface command 40-7

set ip default next-hop command 40-7

set ip next-hop command 40-6

set-request operation 62-4

severity levels, defining in system messages 60-8

shaping, QoS on Sup 6-E 42-25, 42-59

sharing(bandwidth), QoS on Sup 6-E 42-27, 42-61

Shell functions

See Auto SmartPorts macros

See Auto Smartports macros

Shell triggers

See Auto SmartPorts macros

See Auto Smartports macros

show adjacency command 35-9

show boot command 3-32

show catalyst4000 chassis-mac-address command 22-3

show cdp command 30-2, 30-3

show cdp entry command 30-4

show cdp interface command 30-3

show cdp neighbors command 30-4

show cdp traffic command 30-4

show ciscoview package command 4-48

show ciscoview version command 4-48

show cluster members command 16-13

show configuration command 8-23

show debugging command 30-4

show environment command 14-2

show history command 2-4

show interfaces command 8-28, 8-29, 8-36, 8-38

show interfaces status command 9-2

show ip cef command 35-8

show ip eigrp interfaces command 34-19

show ip eigrp neighbors command 34-19

show ip eigrp topology command 34-19

show ip eigrp traffic command 34-19

show ip interface command 37-23

show ip local policy command 40-8

show ip mroute command 37-23

show ip pim interface command 37-23

show l2protocol command 29-18

show lldp traffic command 31-15

show mac-address-table address command 9-3

show mac-address-table interface command 9-3

show mls entry command 35-8

show module command 9-1, 22-6

show PoE consumed 15-8

show power inline command 15-6

show power supplies command 14-13

show protocols command 8-36

show running-config command

adding description for an interface 8-23

checking your settings 3-9

displaying ACLs 53-19, 53-21, 53-30, 53-31

show startup-config command 3-10

show users command 9-6

show version command 3-29

shutdown, command 8-37

shutdown threshold for Layer 2 protocol packets 29-16

shutting down

interfaces 8-37

Simple Network Management Protocol

See SNMP

single-host mode 46-7

single spanning tree

See SST

single static RP, configuring 37-20

slot numbers, description 8-2

Slow timer, configuring BFD 39-16

smart call home 67-1

description 67-2

destination profile (note) 67-5

registration requirements 67-3

service contract requirements 67-3

Transport Gateway (TG) aggregation point 67-2

SMARTnet

smart call home registration 67-3

Smartports macros

applying global parameter values 20-8, 20-15

applying macros 20-8

applying parameter values 20-9

configuration guidelines 20-6, 20-14

configuring 20-2

creating 20-8

default configuration 20-4, 20-13

defined 1-10, 20-1

displaying 20-13

tracing 20-7, 20-14

SNMP

accessing MIB variables with 62-4

agent

described 62-4

disabling 62-7

and IP SLAs 68-2

authentication level 62-10

community strings

configuring 62-7

overview 62-4

configuration examples 62-15

configuration guidelines 62-6

default configuration 62-5

enabling 72-4, 72-5

engine ID 62-6

groups 62-6, 62-9

host 62-6

informs

and trap keyword 62-11

described 62-5

differences from traps 62-5

enabling 62-14

limiting access by TFTP servers 62-15

limiting system log messages to NMS 60-9

manager functions 62-3

notifications 62-5

overview 62-1, 62-4

status, displaying 62-16

system contact and location 62-14

trap manager, configuring 62-13

traps

described 62-3, 62-5

differences from informs 62-5

enabling 62-11

enabling MAC address notification 4-31

enabling MAC move notification 4-33

enabling MAC threshold notification 4-35

overview 62-1, 62-4

types of 62-11

users 62-6, 62-9

versions supported 62-2

SNMP commands 72-4

SNMP traps

REP 24-14

SNMPv1 62-2

SNMPv2C 62-2

SNMPv3 62-2

software

upgrading 11-13, 12-12

software configuration register 3-26

software QoS, on Sup 6-E 42-40, 42-74

software switching

description 35-5

interfaces 35-6

key data structures used 37-8

source IDs

call home event format 67-22

SPAN

and ACLs 57-5

configuration guidelines 57-7

configuring 57-6 to 57-10

destination ports 57-5

IDS 57-2

monitored port, defined 57-4

monitoring port, defined 57-5

received traffic 57-3

sessions

defined 57-3

source ports 57-4

transmitted traffic 57-4

VLAN-based 57-5

SPAN and RSPAN

concepts and terminology 57-3

default configuration 57-6

displaying status 57-24

overview 57-1

session limits 57-6

SPAN enhancements

access list filtering 57-13

configuration example 57-15

CPU port sniffing 57-10

encapsulation configuration 57-12

ingress packets 57-12

packet type filtering 57-14

spanning-tree backbonefast command 25-16

spanning-tree cost command 22-15

spanning-tree guard root command 25-2

spanning-tree portfast bpdu-guard command 25-8

spanning-tree portfast command 25-7

spanning-tree port-priority command 22-13

spanning-tree uplinkfast command 25-12

spanning-tree vlan

command 22-9

command example 22-9

spanning-tree vlan command 22-8

spanning-tree vlan cost command 22-16

spanning-tree vlan forward-time command 22-19

spanning-tree vlan hello-time command 22-18

spanning-tree vlan max-age command 22-18

spanning-tree vlan port-priority command 22-13

spanning-tree vlan priority command 22-17

spanning-tree vlan root primary command 22-10

spanning-tree vlan root secondary command 22-12

speed

configuring interface 8-20

speed command 8-21

SSO

configuring 13-10

SSO operation 13-4

SST

description 22-22

interoperability 22-24

static ACL, removing the requirement 53-28

static addresses

See addresses

static routes

configuring 3-11

verifying 3-12

statistics

802.1X 48-14

displaying 802.1X 46-125

displaying PIM 37-27

LLDP 31-14

LLDP-MED 31-14

MKA 45-4

SNMP input and output 62-16

sticky learning

configuration file 49-6

defined 49-5

disabling 49-6

enabling 49-5

saving addresses 49-6

sticky MAC addresses

configuring 49-7

defined 49-4

storing captured packets to a .pcap file, Wireshark 58-8

Storm Control

displaying 56-6

enabling Broadcast 56-3

enabling Multicast 56-4

hardware-based, implementing 56-2

overview 56-1

software-based, implementing 56-2

STP

and REP 24-6

bridge ID 22-2

configuring 22-7 to 22-20

creating topology 22-5

defaults 22-7

disabling 22-20

enabling 22-8

enabling extended system ID 22-9

enabling Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree 22-20

EtherChannel guard

disabling 25-6

forward-delay time 22-19

hello time 22-17

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-13

maximum aging time 22-18

overview 22-1, 22-3

per-VLAN rapid spanning tree 22-6

port cost 22-15

port priority 22-13

root bridge 22-9

stratum, NTP 4-2

stub routing (EIGRP)

benefits 34-17

configuration tasks 34-18

configuring 34-14

overview 34-13, 34-14

restrictions 34-17

verifying 34-18

subdomains, private VLAN 44-2

summer time 4-13

supervisor engine

accessing the redundant 11-14, 12-14

configuring 3-8 to 3-13

copying files to standby 11-14, 12-14

default configuration 3-1

default gateways 3-11

environmental monitoring 14-1

redundancy 13-1

ROM monitor 3-26

startup configuration 3-25

static routes 3-11

synchronizing configurations 11-11, 12-10

Supervisor Engine 7L-E, selecting the uplink port 8-18

Supervisor Engine II-TS

insufficient inline power handling 14-22, 15-12

Smartports macros

See also Auto Smartports macros

SVI Autostate Exclude

understanding 34-3

SVI Autostate exclude

configuring 34-7

S-VLAN 1-2, 29-7

switch 54-2

switch access with RADIUS, controlling 46-95

switched packets

and ACLs 53-25

Switched Port Analyzer

See SPAN

switchport

show interfaces 8-28, 8-29, 8-38

switchport access vlan command 19-5, 19-7

switchport block multicast command 55-2

switchport block unicast command 55-2

switchport mode access command 19-7

switchport mode dot1q-tunnel command 29-6

switchport mode dynamic command 19-5

switchport mode trunk command 19-5

switch ports

See access ports

switchport trunk allowed vlan command 19-5

switchport trunk encapsulation command 19-5

switchport trunk native vlan command 19-5

switchport trunk pruning vlan command 19-6

switch-to-RADIUS server communication

configuring 46-32

sysret command 73-5

system

reviewing configuration 3-10

settings at startup 3-27

system alarms

overview 14-6

system and network statistics, displaying 37-23

system capabilities TLV 31-2

system clock

configuring

daylight saving time 4-13

manually 4-11

summer time 4-13

time zones 4-12

displaying the time and date 4-12

overview 4-2

See also NTP

system description TLV 31-2

system images

loading from Flash memory 3-30

modifying boot field 3-27

specifying 3-30

system message logging

default configuration 60-3

defining error message severity levels 60-8

disabling 60-4

displaying the configuration 60-12

enabling 60-4

facility keywords, described 60-12

level keywords, described 60-9

limiting messages 60-9

message format 60-2

overview 60-1

sequence numbers, enabling and disabling 60-7

setting the display destination device 60-5

synchronizing log messages 60-6

timestamps, enabling and disabling 60-7

UNIX syslog servers

configuring the daemon 60-10

configuring the logging facility 60-11

facilities supported 60-12

system MTU

802.1Q tunneling 29-5

maximums 29-5

system name

manual configuration 4-22

See also DNS

system name TLV 31-2

system prompt, default setting 4-21

T

TACACS+ 50-1

accounting, defined 3-16

authentication, defined 3-16

authorization, defined 3-16

configuring

accounting 3-21

authentication key 3-18

authorization 3-21

login authentication 3-19

default configuration 3-18

displaying the configuration 3-22

identifying the server 3-18

limiting the services to the user 3-21

operation of 3-17

overview 3-15

tracking services accessed by user 3-21

tagged packets

802.1Q 29-3

Layer 2 protocol 29-13

TCAM programming and ACLs 53-7

for Sup II-Plust thru V-10GE 53-6

TCAM programming and ACLs for Sup 6-E 53-10

TDR

checking cable connectivity 9-3

enabling and disabling test 9-3

guidelines 9-3

Telnet

accessing CLI 2-2

disconnecting user sessions 9-7

executing 9-5

monitoring user sessions 9-6

telnet command 9-6

templates, Ethernet OAM 65-45

Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus

See TACACS+

TFTP

configuration files in base directory 3-5

configuring for autoconfiguration 3-4

limiting access by servers 62-15

TFTP download

See also console download

threshold monitoring, IP SLAs 68-6

time

See NTP and system clock

Time Domain Reflectometer

See TDR

time exceeded messages 9-9

timer

See login timer

timestamps in log messages 60-7

time zones 4-12

TLV

host presence detection 46-8

TLVs

defined 1-7, 31-2

LLDP-MED 31-2

Token Ring

media not supported (note) 17-5, 17-10

Topology change notification processing

MLD Snooping

Topology change notification processing 28-4

TOS

description 42-4

trace command 9-9

traceroute

See IP traceroute

See Layer 2 Traceroute

traceroute mac command 9-11

traceroute mac ip command 9-11

tracked lists

configuring 59-3

types 59-3

tracked objects

by Boolean expression 59-4

by threshold percentage 59-6

by threshold weight 59-5

tracking interface line-protocol state 59-2

tracking IP routing state 59-2

tracking objects 59-1

tracking process 59-1

track state, tracking IP SLAs 59-9

traffic

blocking flooded 55-2

traffic control

using ACLs (figure) 53-4

using VLAN maps (figure) 53-5

traffic marking procedure flowchart 42-21, 42-55

traffic shaping 42-9

translational bridge numbers (defaults) 17-5

traps

configuring MAC address notification 4-31

configuring MAC move notification 4-33

configuring MAC threshold notification 4-35

configuring managers 62-11

defined 62-3

enabling 4-31, 4-33, 4-35, 62-11

notification types 62-11

overview 62-1, 62-4

troubleshooting

with CiscoWorks 62-4

with system message logging 60-1

with traceroute 9-8

troubleshooting high CPU due to ACLs 53-6

trunk failover

See link-state tracking

trunk ports

configure port security 49-17

configuring PVLAN 44-19 to 44-21

trunks

802.1Q restrictions 19-4

configuring 19-5

configuring access VLANs 19-5

configuring allowed VLANs 19-5

default interface configuration 19-5

enabling to non-DTP device 19-3

specifying native VLAN 19-5

understanding 19-3

trustpoint 67-3

tunneling

defined 29-1

tunnel ports

802.1Q, configuring 29-6

described 29-2

incompatibilities with other features 29-5

TwinGig Convertors

limitations on using 8-14

port numbering 8-13

selecting X2/TwinGig Convertor mode 8-14

type length value

See TLV

type of service

See TOS

U

UDLD

configuring probe message interval per-interface 32-8

default configuration 32-4

disabling on fiber-optic interfaces 32-7

disabling on non-fiber-optic interfaces 32-7

displaying link status 32-9

enabling globally 32-5

enabling per-interface 32-6

modes of operation 32-3

resetting disabled LAN interfaces 32-8

use case 32-2

UDLD, overview 32-1

UDP jitter, configuring 68-9

UDP jitter operation, IP SLAs 68-8

unauthorized ports with 802.1X 46-5

unicast

See IP unicast

unicast flood blocking

configuring 55-1

unicast MAC address filtering

and adding static addresses 4-38

and broadcast MAC addresses 4-37

and CPU packets 4-37

and multicast addresses 4-37

and router MAC addresses 4-37

configuration guidelines 4-37

described 4-37

unicast MAC address filtering, configuring

ACLs

configuring unicast MAC address filtering 53-13

Unicast RPF (Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding)

applying 36-5

BGP attributes

caution 36-4

CEF

requirement 36-2

tables 36-7

configuring 36-9

(examples) ?? to 36-12

BOOTP 36-8

DHCP 36-8

enterprise network (figure) 36-6

prerequisites 36-9

routing table requirements 36-7

tasks 36-9

verifying 36-10

deploying 36-5

description 1-22, 36-1

disabling 36-11

enterprise network (figure) 36-6

FIB 36-2

implementing 36-4

packets, dropping (figure) 36-4

prerequisites 36-9

restrictions

basic 36-8

routing asymmetry 36-7

routing asymmetry (figure) 36-8

routing table requirements 36-7

security policy

applying 36-5

attacks, mitigating 36-5

deploying 36-5

tunneling 36-5

source addresses, validating 36-3

(figure) 36-3, 36-4

failure 36-3

traffic filtering 36-5

tunneling 36-5

validation

failure 36-3, 36-4

packets, dropping 36-3

source addresses 36-3

verifying 36-10

unicast traffic

blocking 55-2

Unidirectional Controlled Port, configuring 802.1X 46-66

unidirectional ethernet

enabling 33-2

example of setting 33-2

overview 33-1

UniDirectional Link Detection Protocol

See UDLD

Universal PoE, configuring 15-16

UNIX syslog servers

daemon configuration 60-10

facilities supported 60-12

message logging configuration 60-11

UplinkFast

and MST 22-23

enabling 25-15

MST and 22-23

overview 25-11

uplink forwarding

quad-supervisor 5-6

uplink mode, selecting on supervisor engine 6-E 8-16

uplink port, selecting on a supervisor engine 7L-E 8-18

usage examples, Wireshark 58-18

user-defined event triggers

configuring, 802.1X-based 21-8

configuring, MAC address-based 21-9

User-defined triggers and built-in macros, configuring mapping 21-9

user EXEC mode 2-5

user sessions

disconnecting 9-7

monitoring 9-6

V

VACLs

Layer 4 port operations 53-10

virtual configuration register 73-3

virtual LANs

See VLANs

virtual ports, MKA 45-3

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol, introduction 1-22

Virtual Switch System(VSS), displaying EtherChannel to 26-16

VLAN ACLs

See VLAN maps

VLAN blocking, REP 24-13

vlan command 17-6

vlan dot1q tag native command 29-4

VLAN ID

service provider 29-9

VLAN ID, discovering 4-44

VLAN ID translation

See VLAN mapping

VLAN load balancing

REP 24-4

VLAN load balancing, triggering 24-6

VLAN load balancing on flex links 23-2

configuration guidelines 23-6

VLAN Management Policy Server

See VMPS

VLAN mapping

1-to-1 29-8

1-to-1, configuring 29-11

configuration guidelines 29-10

configuring 29-11

configuring on a trunk port 29-11

default 29-9

described 1-2, 29-7

selective QinQ 29-8

selective Q-in-Q, configuring 29-12

traditional QinQ 29-8

traditional Q-in-Q, configuring 29-12

types of 29-8

VLAN maps

applying to a VLAN 53-21

configuration example 53-22

configuration guidelines 53-18

configuring 53-17

creating and deleting entries 53-19

defined 1-41

denying access example 53-23

denying packets 53-19

displaying 53-24

order of entries 53-18

permitting packets 53-19

router ACLs and 53-25

using (figure) 53-5

using in your network 53-22

VLAN maps, PACL and Router ACLs 53-32

VLANs

allowed on trunk 19-5

configuration guidelines 17-3

configuring 17-5

configuring as Layer 3 interfaces 34-7

customer numbering in service-provider networks 29-3

default configuration 17-4

description 1-11

extended range 17-3

IDs (default) 17-5

interface assignment 17-7

limiting source traffic with RSPAN 57-23

monitoring with RSPAN 57-21

name (default) 17-5

normal range 17-3

overview 17-1

reserved range 17-3

See also PVLANs

VLAN Trunking Protocol

See VTP

VLAN trunks

overview 19-3

VLAN User Distribution, configuring 802.1X 46-68

VMPS

configuration file example 17-32

configuring dynamic access ports on client 17-25

configuring retry interval 17-27

database configuration file 17-32

dynamic port membership

example 17-29

reconfirming 17-26

reconfirming assignments 17-26

reconfirming membership interval 17-26

server overview 17-21

VMPS client

administering and monitoring 17-27

configure switch

configure reconfirmation interval 17-26

dynamic ports 17-25

entering IP VMPS address 17-24

reconfirmation interval 17-27

reconfirm VLAM membership 17-26

default configuration 17-24

dynamic VLAN membership overview 17-23

troubleshooting dynamic port VLAN membership 17-28

VMPS server

fall-back VLAN 17-22

illegal VMPS client requests 17-23

overview 17-21

security modes

multiple 17-22

open 17-21

secure 17-22

voice aware 802.1x security

port-based authentication

configuring 46-74

described 46-22, 46-73

voice interfaces

configuring 43-1

Voice over IP

configuring 43-1

voice ports

configuring VVID 43-3

voice traffic 15-2, 43-5

voice VLAN

IP phone data traffic, described 43-2

IP phone voice traffic, described 43-2

Voice VLAN, configure 802.1X 46-72

voice VLAN ports

using 802.1X 46-22

VPN

configuring routing in 41-8

forwarding 41-3

routes 41-2

routing and forwarding table

See VRF

VRF

defining 41-3

tables 41-1

VRF-aware services

ARP 41-6, 41-15, 41-17

configuring 41-6, 41-15

ftp 41-16

ping 41-15

tftp 41-16

traceroute 41-16

uRPF 41-16

VRF-lite

description 1-22

VSS

dual-active detection

displaying 5-51

Enhanced PAgP, advantages 5-23

enhanced PAgP, configuring 5-49

Enhanced PAgP, description 5-23

fast-hello, configuring 5-50

VTP

client, configuring 17-16

configuration guidelines 17-12

default configuration 17-13

disabling 17-16

Layer 2 protocol tunneling 29-14

monitoring 17-19

overview 17-8

pruning

configuring 17-15

See also VTP version 2

server, configuring 17-16

statistics 17-19

transparent mode, configuring 17-16

version 2

enabling 17-15

VTP advertisements

description 17-9

VTP domains

description 17-8

VTP modes 17-9

VTP pruning

overview 17-11

VTP versions 2 and 3

overview 17-9

See also VTP

VTY and Network Assistant 16-12

VVID (voice VLAN ID)

and 802.1X authentication 46-22

configuring 43-3

W

WCCP

configuration examples 71-10

configuring on a router 71-2, 71-11

features 71-4

restrictions 71-5

service groups 71-6

web-based authentication

authentication proxy web pages 48-4

description 1-43, 46-14, 48-1

web-based authentication, interactions with other features 48-4

Web Cache Communication Protocol

See WCCP 71-1

web caches

See cache engines

web cache services

description 71-4

web caching

See web cache services

See also WCCP

web scaling 71-1

weight thresholds in tracked lists 59-5

Wireshark

activating and deactivating, capture points, conceptual 58-9

attachment points 58-6

capture filter 58-7

capture points 58-6

core system filter 58-6

decoding and displaying packets 58-9

display filter 58-7

feature interactions 58-10

filters 58-6

storing captured packets to a .pcap filter 58-8

usage examples 58-18

Wireshark, about 58-5

Wireshark, activating and deactivating a capture point 58-13

Wireshark, defining/modifying/deleting a capture point 58-12

Wireshark, displaying information 58-14

WS-X46490-CSFP-E, support on a 10-slot chassis 8-17

Y

Y.1731

default configuration 65-29

described 65-27

ETH-AIS

Ethernet Alarm Signal function (ETH-AIS)

65-28

ETH-RDI 65-28

multicast Ethernet loopback 65-31

multicast ETH-LB 65-29

terminology 65-27