Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS System Management Configuration Guide, Release 5.x
Configuring NetFlow
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Configuring NetFlow

Table Of Contents

Configuring NetFlow

Information About NetFlow

NetFlow Overview

Flow Records

Exporters

Export Formats

Monitors

Samplers

High Availability

Virtualization Support

Licensing Requirements for NetFlow

Prerequisites for NetFlow

Guidelines and Limitations

Default Settings

Configuring NetFlow

Enabling the NetFlow Feature

Creating a Flow Record

Specifying the Match Parameters

Specifying the Collect Parameters

Creating a Flow Exporter

Creating a Flow Monitor

Creating a Sampler

Applying a Flow to an Interface

Configuring Bridged NetFlow on a VLAN

Configuring Layer 2 NetFlow

Configuring NetFlow Timeouts

Verifying the NetFlow Configuration

Monitoring NetFlow

Configuration Example for NetFlow

Additional References

Related Documents

Standards

Feature History for NetFlow


Configuring NetFlow


This chapter describes how to configure the NetFlow feature on Cisco NX-OS devices.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About NetFlow

Licensing Requirements for NetFlow

Prerequisites for NetFlow

Guidelines and Limitations

Default Settings

Configuring NetFlow

Verifying the NetFlow Configuration

Monitoring NetFlow

Configuration Example for NetFlow

Additional References

Feature History for NetFlow

Information About NetFlow

NetFlow identifies packet flows for both ingress and egress IP packets and provides statistics based on these packet flows. NetFlow does not require any change to either the packets themselves or to any networking device.

This section includes the following topics:

NetFlow Overview

High Availability

Virtualization Support

NetFlow Overview

NetFlow uses flows to provide statistics for accounting, network monitoring, and network planning. A flow is a unidirectional stream of packets that arrives on a source interface (or VLAN) and has the same values for the keys. A key is an identified value for a field within the packet. You create a flow using a flow record to define the unique keys for your flow.

Cisco NX-OS supports the Flexible NetFlow feature that enables enhanced network anomalies and security detection. Flexible NetFlow allows you to define an optimal flow record for a particular application by selecting the keys from a large collection of predefined fields. For more information on the flow records, see the "Flow Records" section.

All key values must match for the packet to count in a given flow. A flow might gather other fields of interest, depending on the export record version that you configure. Flows are stored in the NetFlow cache.

You can export the data that NetFlow gathers for your flow by using an exporter and export this data to a remote NetFlow collector. Cisco NX-OS exports a flow as part of a NetFlow export User Datagram Protocol (UDP) datagram under the following circumstances:

The flow has been inactive or active for too long.

The flow cache is getting full.

One of the counters (packets or bytes) has exceeded its maximum value.

You have forced the flow to export.

For more information on exporters, see the "Exporters" section.

You define the size of the data that you want to collect for a flow using a monitor. The monitor combines the flow record and exporter with the NetFlow cache information. For more information on monitors, see the "Monitors" section.

Cisco NX-OS can gather NetFlow statistics in either full or sampled mode. Cisco NX-OS analyzes all packets on the interface or subinterface for full NetFlow mode. For sampled mode, you configure the sampling algorithm and rate that Cisco NX-OS analyzes packets. For more information on samplers, see the "Samplers" section.

Flow Records

A flow record defines the keys that NetFlow uses to identify packets in the flow as well as other fields of interest that NetFlow gathers for the flow. You can define a flow record with any combination of keys and fields of interest. Cisco NX-OS supports a rich set of keys. A flow record also defines the types of counters gathered per flow. You can configure 32-bit or 64-bit packet or byte counters. Cisco NX-OS enables the following match fields as the defaults when you create a flow record:

match interface input

match interface output

match flow direction

For more information, see the "Creating a Flow Record" section.

Exporters

An exporter contains network layer and transport layer details for the NetFlow export packet. You can configure the following information in an exporter:

Export destination IP address

Source interface

UDP port number (where the collector is listening for NetFlow packets)

Export format


Note NetFlow export packets use the IP address that is assigned to the source interface. If the source interface does not have an IP address assigned to it, the exporter will be inactive.


Cisco NX-OS exports data to the collector whenever a timeout occurs or when the flow is terminated (TCP Fin or Rst received, for example). You can configure the following timers to force a flow export:

Active timeout—Cisco NX-OS does not remove the cache entries from the cache.

Inactive timeout—Cisco NX-OS removes the cache entries from the cache.

Export Formats

Cisco NX-OS supports the Version 5 and Version 9 export formats. We recommend that you use the Version 9 export format for the following reasons:

Variable field specification format

Support for IPv6, Layer 2, and MPLS fields

More efficient network utilization

If you configure the Version 5 export format, you have these limitations:

Fixed field specifications

No support for IPv6, Layer 2, or MPLS fields

The Netflow.InputInterface and Netflow.OutputInterface represent a 16-bit I/O descriptor (IOD) of the interface.


Note The IOD information of the interface can be retrieved using the show system internal im info global command.


For information about the Version 9 export format, see RFC 3954.


Note Cisco NX-OS supports UDP as the transport protocol for exports to up to two collectors.


Monitors

A monitor references the flow record and flow exporter. You apply a monitor to an interface.

Samplers

If you are using sampled mode, you use the sampler to specify the rate at which packets are sampled. On high bandwidth interfaces, applying NetFlow processing to every single packet can result in high CPU utilization. Sampler configuration is for high-speed interfaces. You can configure samples for M out of N. For example, 100 out of every 10,000 packets are sampled.

High Availability

Cisco NX-OS supports stateful restarts for NetFlow. After a reboot or supervisor switchover, Cisco NX-OS applies the running configuration.

Virtualization Support

A virtual device context (VDC) is a logical representation of a set of system resources. Within each VDC, you can configure NetFlow. By default, Cisco NX-OS places you in the default VDC and any flows that you define in this mode are only available for interfaces in the default VDC.

For information about configuring VDCs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 5.x.

Licensing Requirements for NetFlow

Product
License Requirement

Cisco NX-OS

NetFlow requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the Cisco NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.


Prerequisites for NetFlow

NetFlow has the following prerequisites:

You must understand the resources required on your device because NetFlow consumes additional memory and CPU resources.

If you configure VDCs, install the Advanced Services license and enter the desired VDC. For more information, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 5.x.

Guidelines and Limitations

NetFlow has the following configuration guidelines and limitations:

You must configure a source interface. If you do not configure a source interface, the exporter will remain in a disabled state.

You must configure a valid record name for every flow monitor.

A rollback will fail if you try to modify a record that is programmed in the hardware during a rollback.

Only Layer 2 NetFlow is applied on Layer 2 interfaces, and only Layer 3 NetFlow is applied on Layer 3 interfaces.

If you add a member to a port channel that is already configured for Layer 2 NetFlow, its NetFlow configuration is removed and the Layer 2 configuration of the port channel is added to it.

If you change a Layer 2 interface to a Layer 3 interface, the software removes the Layer 2 NetFlow configuration from the interface.

Use v9 export to see the full 32-bit SNMP ifIndex values at the NetFlow connector.

The maximum number of supported NetFlow entries is 512K.

The Cisco Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extender supports bridged NetFlow.

Beginning with Cisco NX-OS Release 5.2, NetFlow is supported on switch virtual interfaces (SVIs) for F1 Series ports. Bridged NetFlow on F1 Series ports is not supported.

Default Settings

Table 19-1 lists the default settings for NetFlow parameters.

Table 19-1 Default NetFlow Parameters 

Parameters
Default

Egress and Ingress cache size

512K

Flow active timeout

1800 seconds

Flow timeout aggressive threshold

disabled

Flow timeout fast threshold

disabled

Flow timeout inactive

15 seconds

Flow timeout session aging

disabled


Configuring NetFlow

To configure NetFlow, follow these steps:


Step 1 Enable the NetFlow feature (see the "Enabling the NetFlow Feature" section).

Step 2 Define a flow record by specifying keys and fields to the flow (see the "Creating a Flow Record" section).

Step 3 Define an optional flow exporter by specifying the export format, protocol, destination, and other parameters (see the "Creating a Flow Exporter" section).

Step 4 Define a flow monitor based on the flow record and flow exporter (see the "Creating a Flow Monitor" section).

Step 5 Apply the flow monitor to a source interface, subinterface, VLAN interface (see the "Applying a Flow to an Interface" section), or a VLAN (see the "Configuring Bridged NetFlow on a VLAN" section).


This section includes the following topics:

Enabling the NetFlow Feature

Creating a Flow Record

Creating a Flow Exporter

Creating a Flow Monitor

Creating a Sampler

Applying a Flow to an Interface

Configuring Bridged NetFlow on a VLAN

Configuring Layer 2 NetFlow

Configuring NetFlow Timeouts


Note Be aware that the Cisco NX-OS commands for this feature may differ from those used in Cisco IOS.


Enabling the NetFlow Feature

You must globally enable NetFlow before you can configure any flows.

Use the following command in global configuration mode to enable NetFlow:

Command
Purpose

feature netflow

Example:

switch(config)# feature netflow

Enables the NetFlow feature.


Use the following command in global configuration mode to disable NetFlow and remove all flows:

Command
Purpose

no feature netflow

Example:

switch(config)# no feature netflow

Disables the NetFlow feature. The default is disabled.


Creating a Flow Record

You can create a flow record and add keys to match on and fields to collect in the flow.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. flow record name

3. description string

4. match type

5. collect type

6. show flow record [name] [record-name | netflow-original | netflow protocol-port | netflow {ipv4 | ipv6} {original-input | original-output}}

7. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

flow record name

Example:

switch(config)# flow record Test

switch(config-flow-record)#

Creates a flow record and enters flow record configuration mode.

Step 3 

description string

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# description Ipv4Flow

(Optional) Describes this flow record as a maximum 63-character string.

Step 4 

match type

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match transport destination-port

Specifies a match key. See the "Specifying the Match Parameters" section for more information on the type argument.

Step 5 

collect type

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect counter packets

Specifies the collection field. See the "Specifying the Collect Parameters" section for more information on the type argument.

Step 6 

show flow record [name] [record-name | netflow-original | netflow protocol-port | netflow {ipv4 | ipv6} {original-input | original-output}}

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# show flow record netflow protocol-port

(Optional) Displays information about NetFlow flow records.

Step 7 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Specifying the Match Parameters

You must configure at least one of the following match parameters for flow records:

Command
Purpose

match ip {protocol | tos}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match ip protocol

Specifies the IP protocol or ToS fields as keys.

match ipv4 {destination address | source address}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match ipv4 destination address

Specifies the IPv4 source or destination address as a key.

match ipv6 {destination address | source address | flow-label | options}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match ipv6 flow-label

Specifies the IPv6 key.

match transport {destination-port | source-port}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match transport destination-port

Specifies the transport source or destination port as a key.

match datalink {mac source-address | mac destination-address | ethertype | vlan}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match datalink ethertype

Specifies the Layer 2 attribute as a key.


Specifying the Collect Parameters

You must configure at least one of the following collect parameters for flow records:

Command
Purpose

collect counter {bytes | packets} [long]

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect counter packets

Collects either packet-based or byte counters from the flow. You can optionally specify that 64-bit counters are used.

collect flow {direction | sampler id}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect flow direction

Collects the direction of the flow or the sampler identifier used for the flow.

collect interface {input | output}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect interface input

Collects the input or output interface attribute.

collect routing {destination | source} as [peer]

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect routing destination as

Collects the source or destination AS number of the local device or the peer.

collect routing forwarding-status

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect routing forwarding-status

Collects the forwarding status of the packet.

collect routing next-hop address ipv4 [bgp]

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect routing next-hop address ipv4

Collects the next-hop IPv4 address.

collect routing next-hop address ipv6 [bgp]

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect routing next-hop address ipv6

Collects the next-hop IPv6 address.

collect timestamp sys-uptime {first | last}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect timestamp sys-uptime last

Collects the system up time for the first or last packet in the flow.

collect transport tcp flags

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# collect transport tcp flags

Collects the TCP transport layer flags for the packets in the flow.


Creating a Flow Exporter

You can create a flow export to define the export parameters for a flow.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. flow exporter name

3. destination {ipv4-address | ipv6-address} [use-vrf name]

4. source interface-type number

5. version {5 | 9}

6. show flow exporter [name]

7. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

flow exporter name

Example:

switch(config)# flow exporter ExportTest

switch(config-flow-exporter)#

Creates a flow exporter and enters flow exporter configuration mode.

Step 3 

destination {ipv4-address | ipv6-address} [use-vrf name]

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# destination 192.0.2.1

Sets the destination IPv4 or IPv6 address for this exporter. You can optionally configure the VRF to use to reach the NetFlow collector.

Step 4 

source interface-type number

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# source ethernet 2/1

Specifies the interface to use to reach the NetFlow collector at the configured destination.

Step 5 

version {5 | 9}

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# version 9

switch(config-flow-exporter-version-9)#

Specifies the NetFlow export version. Version 9 enters the export version configuration submode.

Step 6 

show flow exporter [name]

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# show flow exporter

(Optional) Displays information about NetFlow flow exporters.

Step 7 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

You can optionally configure the following parameters for flow exporters:

Command
Purpose

description string

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# description ExportV9

Describes this flow exporter as a maximum 63-character string.

dscp value

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# dscp 0

Specifies the differentiated services codepoint value. The range is from 0 to 63.

transport udp number

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter)# transport udp 200

Specifies the UDP port to use to reach the NetFlow collector. The range is from 0 to 65535.


You can optionally configure the following parameters in flow exporter version configuration submode:

Command
Purpose

option {exporter-stats | interface-table | sampler-table} timeout seconds

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter-version-9)# option exporter-stats timeout 1200

Sets the exporter resend timer. The range is from 1 to 86400 seconds.

template data timeout seconds

Example:

switch(config-flow-exporter-version-9)# template data timeout 1200

Sets the template data resend timer. The range is from 1 to 86400 seconds.


Creating a Flow Monitor

You can create a flow monitor and associate it with a flow record and a flow exporter.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. flow monitor name

3. description string

4. exporter name

5. record {name | netflow-original | netflow protocol-port | netflow {ipv4 | ipv6} {original-input | original-output}}

6. show flow monitor [name]

7. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

flow monitor name

Example:

switch(config)# flow monitor MonitorTest

switch(config-flow-monitor)#

Creates a flow monitor and enters flow monitor configuration mode.

Step 3 

description string

Example:

switch(config-flow-monitor)# description Ipv4Monitor

(Optional) Describes the flow monitor with an alphanumeric string up to 63 characters.

Step 4 

exporter name

Example:

switch(config-flow-monitor)# exporter Exportv9

Associates a flow exporter with this flow monitor.

Step 5 

record {name | netflow-original | netflow protocol-port | netflow {ipv4 | ipv6} {original-input | original-output}}

Example:

switch(config-flow-monitor)# record IPv4Flow

Associates a flow record with the specified flow monitor.

Step 6 

show flow monitor [name]

Example:

switch(config-flow-monitor)# show flow monitor

(Optional) Displays information about NetFlow flow monitors.

Step 7 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-flow-monitor)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Creating a Sampler

You can create a sampler to define the NetFlow sampling rate for a flow.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. sampler name

3. description string

4. mode samples out-of packets

5. show sampler [name]

6. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

sampler name

Example:

switch(config)# sampler SampleTest

switch(config-flow-sampler)#

Creates a sampler and enters flow sampler configuration mode.

Step 3 

description string

Example:

switch(config-flow-sampler)# description Samples

(Optional) Describes the sampler with an alphanumeric string up to 63 characters.

Step 4 

mode samples out-of packets

Example:

switch(config-flow-sampler)# mode 1 out-of 100

Defines the number of samples to take per the number of packets received. The samples range is from 1 to 64. The packets range is from 1 to 8192 packets.

Step 5 

show sampler [name]

Example:

switch(config-flow-sampler)# show sampler

(Optional) Displays information about NetFlow samplers.

Step 6 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-flow-sampler)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Applying a Flow to an Interface

You can apply a flow monitor and an optional sampler to an interface.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type number

3. ip flow monitor name {input | output} [sampler name]

4. ipv6 flow monitor name {input | output} [sampler name]

5. show flow interface [interface-type number]

6. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type number

Example:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode. The interface type can be Ethernet (including subinterfaces), port channel, VLAN, VLAN interface, or tunnel.

Step 3 

ip flow monitor name {input | output} [sampler name]

Example:

switch(config-if)# ip flow monitor MonitorTest input

Associates an IPv4 flow monitor and an optional sampler to the interface for input or output packets.

Step 4 

ipv6 flow monitor name {input | output} [sampler name]

Example:

switch(config-if)# ipv6 flow monitor MonitorTest input

Associates an IPv6 flow monitor and an optional sampler to the interface for input or output packets.

Step 5 

show flow interface [interface-type number]

Example:

switch(config-if# show flow interface

(Optional) Displays information about NetFlow on an interface.

Step 6 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Configuring Bridged NetFlow on a VLAN

You can apply a flow monitor and an optional sampler to a VLAN.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. vlan [configuration] vlan-id

3. ip flow monitor name {input | output} [sampler name]

4. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

vlan [configuration] vlan-id

Example:

switch(config)# vlan configuration 30
switch(config-vlan-config)#

Enters VLAN or VLAN configuration mode. The vlan-id range is from 1 to 3967 or from 4048 to 4093.

Note VLAN configuration mode enables you to configure VLANs independently of their creation, which is required for VTP client support.

Step 3 

ip flow monitor name {input | output} [sampler name]

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# ip flow monitor MonitorTest input

Associates a flow monitor and an optional sampler to the VLAN for input or output packets.

Step 4 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-vlan-config)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Configuring Layer 2 NetFlow

You can define Layer 2 keys in flexible NetFlow records that you can use to capture flows in Layer 2 interfaces. The Layer 2 keys are as follows:

Source and destination MAC addresses

Source VLAN ID

EtherType from the Ethernet frame

You can apply Layer 2 NetFlow to the following interfaces for the ingress direction:

Switch ports in access mode

Switch ports in trunk mode

Layer 2 port channels


Note You cannot apply Layer 2 NetFlow to VLANs, egress interfaces, or Layer 3 interfaces such as VLAN interfaces.


BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Make sure that you are in the correct VDC. To change the VDC, use the switchto vdc command.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. flow record name

3. match datalink {mac source-address | mac destination-address | ethertype | vlan}

4. interface {ethernet slot/port} | {port-channel number}

5. switchport

6. mac packet-classify

7. layer2-switched flow monitor flow-name input [sampler sampler-name]

8. show flow record netflow layer2-switched input

9. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

switch(config)#

Places you in global configuration mode.

Step 2 

flow record name

Example:

switch(config)# flow record L2_record

Enters flow record configuration mode. For more information about configuring flow records, see the "Creating a Flow Record" section.

Step 3 

match datalink {mac source-address | mac destination-address | ethertype | vlan}

Example:

switch(config-flow-record)# match datalink ethertype

Specifies the Layer 2 attribute as a key.

Step 4 

interface {ethernet slot/port} | {port-channel number}

Example 1:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Example 2:

switch(config)# interface port-channel 8

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode. The interface type can be a physical Ethernet port or a port channel.

Step 5 

switchport

Example:

switch(config-if)# switchport

Changes the interface to a Layer 2 physical interface. For information about configuring switch ports, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 5.x.

Step 6 

mac packet-classify

Example:

switch(config-if)# mac packet-classify

Forces MAC classification of packets. For more information about using the mac packet-classify command, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Security Configuration Guide, Release 5.x.

Step 7 

layer2-switched flow monitor flow-name input [sampler sampler-name]

Example:

switch(config-vlan)# layer2-switched flow monitor L2_monitor input sampler L2_sampler

Associates a flow monitor and an optional sampler to the switch port input packets. For information about flow monitors, see the "Creating a Flow Monitor" section. For information about samplers, see the "Creating a Sampler" section.

Step 8 

show flow record netflow layer2-switched input

Example:

switch(config-if# show flow record netflow layer2-switched input

(Optional) Displays information about the Layer 2 NetFlow default record.

Step 9 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-vlan)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Configuring NetFlow Timeouts

You can optionally configure global NetFlow timeouts that apply to all flows.

Use the following commands in global configuration mode to configure NetFlow timeout parameters:

Command
Purpose

flow timeout active seconds

Example:

switch(config)# flow timeout active 90

Sets the active timeout value in seconds. The range is from 60 to 4092. The default is 1800.

flow timeout aggressive threshold percent

Example:

switch(config)# flow timeout aggressive threshold 90

Enables using a percentage that you want the NetFlow table to be before aggressive aging starts. The range is from 50 to 99. The default is disabled.

flow timeout fast seconds threshold packets

Example:

switch(config)# flow timeout fast 40 threshold 1200

Enables using a fast timeout value and the number of packets in a flow before aging begins. The fast timeout range in seconds is from 32 to 512. The packet range is from 1 to 4000. The default is disabled.

flow timeout inactive seconds

Example:

switch(config)# flow timeout inactive 900

Sets the inactive timeout value in seconds. The range is from 15 to 4092. The default is 15.

flow timeout session

Example:

switch(config)# flow timeout session

Enables TCP session aging. The default is disabled.


Verifying the NetFlow Configuration

To display NetFlow configuration information, perform one of the following tasks:

Command
Purpose

show flow exporter [name]

Displays information about NetFlow flow exporters and statistics.

show flow interface [interface-type number]

Displays information about NetFlow interfaces.

show flow monitor [name] [cache [detailed]]

Displays information about NetFlow flow monitors and statistics.

show flow record [name]

Displays information about NetFlow flow records.

show flow record netflow layer2-switched input

Displays information about the Layer 2 NetFlow configuration.

show flow timeout

Displays information about NetFlow timeouts.

show hardware flow aging [vdc vdc_id] [detail] [module module]

Displays information about NetFlow aging flows in the hardware.

show hardware flow entry address table-address type {ip | ipv6} [module module]

Displays information about NetFlow table entries in the hardware.

show hardware flow ip [detail | instance instance | interface type number | module module | monitor monitor_name | profile profile-id | vdc vdc_id | vlan vlan_id] [detail] [instance instance] [module module]

Displays information about NetFlow IPv4 flows in the hardware.

show hardware flow sampler [all | count | index number | name sampler-name | vdc vdc_id] [detail] [module module]

Displays information about the NetFlow sampler in the hardware.

show hardware flow utilization [module module | instance instance [module module]]

Displays information about NetFlow table utilization in the hardware.

show sampler [name]

Displays information about NetFlow samplers.


Monitoring NetFlow

Use the show flow exporter command to display NetFlow statistics.

Use the clear flow exporter command to clear NetFlow exporter statistics. Use the clear flow monitor command to clear the monitor cache and statistics.

Configuration Example for NetFlow

This example shows how to create a flow and apply it to an interface:

feature netflow
flow exporter ee
 version 9
flow record rr
 match ipv4 source address
 match ipv4 destination address
 collect counter bytes
 collect counter packets
flow monitor foo
 record rr
 exporter ee
interface Ethernet2/45
 ip flow monitor foo output
 ip address 10.20.1.1/24
 no shutdown
 
   

Additional References

For additional information related to implementing NetFlow, see the following sections:

Related Documents

Standards

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

NetFlow CLI commands

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS System Management Command Reference

VDCs and VRFs

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 5.x


Standards

Standards
Title

No new or modified standards are supported by this feature, and support for existing standards has not been modified by this feature.


Feature History for NetFlow

Table 19-2 lists the release history for this feature.

Table 19-2 Feature History for NetFlow

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

NetFlow

5.2(1)

NetFlow is supported on switch virtual interfaces (SVIs) for F1 Series ports.

Bridged NetFlow

5.1(1)

VLAN configuration mode, which enables you to configure VLANs independently of their creation, is supported when configuring bridged NetFlow on a VLAN.

See the "Configuring Bridged NetFlow on a VLAN" section.

NetFlow verification

5.0(2)

You can specify the NetFlow instance for which you want to display NetFlow IPv4 flows and NetFlow table utilization.

See the "Verifying the NetFlow Configuration" section.

Layer 2 NetFlow

4.2(1)

You can define Layer 2 keys in flexible NetFlow records that you can use to capture flows in Layer 2 interfaces.

See the "Guidelines and Limitations" section and the "Configuring Layer 2 NetFlow" section.

Rollback during NetFlow

4.1(3)

Rollback fails for NetFlow if, during rollback, you try to modify a record that is programmed in the hardware.

See the "Guidelines and Limitations" section.