Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Security Configuration Guide, Release 5.x
Configuring Cisco TrustSec
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Configuring Cisco TrustSec

Contents

Configuring Cisco TrustSec

This chapter describes how to configure Cisco TrustSec on Cisco NX-OS devices.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About Cisco TrustSec

This section provides information about Cisco TrustSec.

Cisco TrustSec Architecture

The Cisco TrustSec security architecture builds secure networks by establishing clouds of trusted network devices. Each device in the cloud is authenticated by its neighbors. Communication on the links between devices in the cloud is secured with a combination of encryption, message integrity checks, and data-path replay protection mechanisms. Cisco TrustSec also uses the device and user identification information acquired during authentication for classifying, or coloring, the packets as they enter the network. This packet classification is maintained by tagging packets on ingress to the Cisco TrustSec network so that they can be properly identified for the purpose of applying security and other policy criteria along the data path. The tag, also called the security group tag (SGT), allows the network to enforce the access control policy by enabling the endpoint device to act upon the SGT to filter traffic.


Note


Ingress refers to entering the first Cisco TrustSec-capable device encountered by a packet on its path to the destination and egress refers to leaving the last Cisco TrustSec-capable device on the path.


Figure 1. Cisco TrustSec Network Cloud Example. This figure shows an example of a Cisco TrustSec cloud. In this example, several networking devices and an endpoint device are inside the Cisco TrustSec cloud. One endpoint device and one networking device are outside the cloud because they are not Cisco TrustSec-capable devicesor they have been refused access.

The Cisco TrustSec architecture consists of the following major components:

Authentication
Verifies the identity of each device before allowing them to join the Cisco TrustSec network.
Authorization
Decides the level of access to the Cisco TrustSec network resources for a device based on the authenticated identity of the device.
Access control
Applies access policies on a per-packet basis using the source tags on each packet.
Secure communication
Provides encryption, integrity, and data-path replay protection for the packets that flow over each link in the Cisco TrustSec network.

A Cisco TrustSec network has the following entities:

Supplicants
Devices that attempt to join a Cisco TrustSec network.
Authenticators (AT)
Devices that are already part of a Cisco TrustSec network.
Authorization server
Servers that may provide authentication information, authorization information, or both.

When the link between the supplicant and the AT first comes up, the following sequence of events may occur:

Authentication (802.1X)
The authentication server performs the authentication of the supplicant or the authentication completes trivially if you configure the devices to unconditionally authenticate each other.
Authorization
Each side of the link obtains policies, such as SGT and ACLs, that apply to the link. A supplicant may need to use the AT as a relay if it has no other Layer 3 route to the authentication server.
Security Association Protocol (SAP) negotiation
The EAPOL-Key exchange occurs between the supplicant and the AT to negotiate a cipher suite, exchange security parameter indexes (SPIs), and manage keys. Successful completion of all three tasks results in the establishment of a security association (SA).

Ports stay in the unauthorized state (blocking state) until the SAP negotiation completes.

Figure 2. SAP Negotiation. This figure shows the SAP netgotiation, including how ports the stay in unauthorized state until the SAP negotiation completes.

SAP negotiation can use any of the following modes of operation:

  • Galois/Counter Mode (GCM) encryption
  • GCM authentication (GMAC)
  • No encapsulation (clear text)
  • Encapsulation with no encryption or authentication

Based on the IEEE 802.1AE standard, Cisco TrustSec uses ESP-128 GCM and GMAC.

Authentication

Cisco TrustSec authenticates a device before allowing it to join the network. Cisco TrustSec uses 802.1X authentication with Extensible Authentication Protocol Flexible Authentication via Secure Tunnel (EAP-FAST) as the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) method to perform the authentication.

Cisco TrustSec and Authentication

Cisco TrustSec uses EAP-FAST for authentication. EAP-FAST conversations allow for other EAP method exchanges inside the EAP-FAST tunnel using chains, which allows administrators to use traditional user authentication methods, such as Microsoft Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol Version 2 (MSCHAPv2), while still having security provided by the EAP-FAST tunnel.

Figure 3. Cisco TrustSec Authentication. This figure shows the EAP-FAST tunnel and inner methods as used in Cisco TrustSec.

Cisco TrustSec Enhancements to EAP-FAST

The implementation of EAP-FAST for Cisco TrustSec has the following enhancements:

Authenticate the authenticator
Securely determines the identity of the AT by requiring the AT to use its protected access credential (PAC) to derive the shared secret between itself and the authentication server. This feature also prevents you from configuring RADIUS shared secrets on the authentication server for every possible IP address that can be used by the AT.
Notify each peer of the identity of its neighbor
By the end of the authentication exchange, the authentication server has identified both the supplicant and the AT. The authentication server conveys the identity of the AT, and whether the AT is Cisco TrustSec-capable, to the supplicant by using additional type-length-value parameters (TLVs) in the protected EAP-FAST termination. The authentication server also conveys the identity of the supplicant and whether the supplicant is Cisco TrustSec-capable, to the AT by using RADIUS attributes in the Access-Accept message. Because each peer knows the identity of its neighbor, it can send additional RADIUS Access-Requests to the authentication server to acquire the policy to be applied on the link.
AT posture evaluation
The AT provides its posture information to the authentication server whenever it starts the authentication exchange with the authentication server on behalf of the supplicant.
802.1X Role Selection

In 802.1X, the AT must have IP connectivity with the authentication server because it has to relay the authentication exchange between the supplicant and the AT using RADIUS over UDP/IP. When an endpoint device, such as a PC, connects to a network, it is obvious that it should act as a supplicant. However, in the case of a Cisco TrustSec connection between two network devices, the 802.1X role of each network device might not be immediately apparent to the other network device.

Instead of requiring manual configuration of the AT and supplicant roles for the Cisco NX-OS devices, Cisco TrustSec runs a role-selection algorithm to automatically determine which Cisco NX-OS device acts as the AT and which device acts as the supplicant. The role-selection algorithm assigns the AT role to the device that has IP reachability to a RADIUS server. Both devices start both the AT and supplicant state machines. When a Cisco NX-OS device detects that its peer has access to a RADIUS server, it terminates its own AT state machine and assumes the role of the supplicant. If both Cisco NX-OS devices have access to a RADIUS server, the algorithm compares the MAC addresses used as the source for sending the EAP over LAN (EAPOL) packets. The Cisco NX-OS device that has the MAC address with the higher value becomes the AT and the other Cisco NX-OS device becomes the supplicant.

Cisco TrustSec Authentication Summary

By the end of the Cisco TrustSec authentication process, the authentication server has performed the following actions:

  • Verified the identities of the supplicant and the AT.
  • Authenticated the user if the supplicant is an endpoint device.

At the end of the Cisco TrustSec authentication process, both the AT and the supplicant know following:

  • Device ID of the peer
  • Cisco TrustSec capability information of the peer
  • Key used for the SAP

Device Identities

Cisco TrustSec does not use IP addresses or MAC addresses as device identities. Instead, you assign a name (device ID) to each Cisco TrustSec-capable Cisco NX-OS device to identify it uniquely in the Cisco TrustSec network. This device ID used for the following:

  • Looking up authorization policy
  • Looking up passwords in the databases during authentication

Device Credentials

Cisco TrustSec supports password-based credentials. The authentication servers may use self-signed certificates instead. Cisco TrustSec authenticates the supplicants through passwords and uses MSCHAPv2 to provide mutual authentication even if the authentication server certificate is not verifiable.

The authentication server uses these credentials to mutually authenticate the supplicant during the EAP-FAST phase 0 (provisioning) exchange where a PAC is provisioned in the supplicant. Cisco TrustSec does not perform the EAP-FAST phase 0 exchange again until the PAC expires and only performs EAP-FAST phase 1 and phase 2 exchanges for future link bringups. The EAP-FAST phase 1 exchange uses the PAC to mutually authenticate the authentication server and the supplicant. Cisco TrustSec uses the device credentials only during the PAC provisioning (or reprovisioning) steps.

The authentication server uses a temporarily configured password to authenticate the supplicant when the supplicant first joins the Cisco TrustSec network. When the supplicant first joins the Cisco TrustSec network, the authentication server authenticates the supplicant using a manufacturing certificate and then generates a strong password and pushes it to the supplicant with the PAC. The authentication server also keeps the new password in its database. The authentication server and the supplicant use this password for mutual authentication in all future EAP-FAST phase 0 exchanges.

User Credentials

Cisco TrustSec does not require a specific type of user credentials for endpoint devices. You can choose any type of authentication method for the user (for example, MSCHAPv2, LEAP, generic token card (GTC), or OTP) and use the corresponding credentials. Cisco TrustSec performs user authentication inside the EAP-FAST tunnel as part of the EAP-FAST phase 2 exchange.

SGACLs and SGTs

In security group access lists (SGACLs), you can control the operations that users can perform based on assigned security groups. The grouping of permissions into a role simplifies the management of the security policy. As you add users to the Cisco NX-OS device, you simply assign one or more security groups and they immediately receive the appropriate permissions. You can modify security groups to introduce new privileges or restrict current permissions.

Cisco TrustSec assigns a unique 16-bit tag, called the security group tag (SGT), to a security group. The number of SGTs in the Cisco NX-OS device is limited to the number of authenticated network entities. The SGT is a single label that indicates the privileges of the source within the entire enterprise. Its scope is global within a Cisco TrustSec network.

The management server derives the SGTs based on the security policy configuration. You do not have to configure them manually.

Once authenticated, Cisco TrustSec tags any packet that originates from a device with the SGT that represents the security group to which the device is assigned. The packet carries this SGT throughout the network within the Cisco TrustSec header. Because this tag represents the group of the source, the tag is referred to as the source SGT. At the egress edge of the network, Cisco TrustSec determines the group that is assigned to the packet destination device and applies the access control policy.

Cisco TrustSec defines access control policies between the security groups. By assigning devices within the network to security groups and applying access control between and within the security groups, Cisco TrustSec essentially achieves access control within the network.

Figure 4. SGACL Policy Example. This figure shows an example of an SGACL policy.

Figure 5. SGT and SGACL in Cisco TrustSec Network. This figure shows how the SGT assignment and the SGACL enforcement operate in a Cisco TrustSec network.

The Cisco NX-OS device defines Cisco TrustSec access control policy for a group of devices as opposed to IP addresses in traditional ACLs. With such a decoupling, the network devices are free to move throughout the network and change IP addresses. Entire network topologies can change. As long as the roles and the permissions remain the same, changes to the network do not change the security policy. This feature greatly reduces size of ACLs and simplifies their maintenance.

In traditional IP networks, the number of access control entries (ACEs) configured is determined as follows:

# of ACEs = (# of sources specified) X (# of destinations specified) X (# of permissions specified)

Cisco TrustSec uses the following formula:

# of ACEs = # of permissions specified

Determining the Source Security Group

A network device at the ingress of the Cisco TrustSec cloud needs to determine the SGT of the packet entering the Cisco TrustSec cloud so that it can tag the packet with that SGT when it forwards it into the Cisco TrustSec cloud. The egress network device needs to determine the SGT of the packet so that it can apply the SGACLs.

The network device can determine the SGT for a packet in one of the following methods:

  • Obtain the source SGT during policy acquisition—After the Cisco TrustSec authentication phase,a network device acquires a policy from an authentication server. Authentication server indicates whether the peer device is trusted or not. If a peer device is not trusted then the authentication server can also provide an SGT to apply to all packets coming from the peer device.
  • Obtain the source SGT field from the Cisco TrustSec header—If a packet comes from a trusted peer device, the Cisco TrustSec header carries the correct SGT field if the network device is not the first network device in the Cisco TrustSec cloud for the packet.
  • Look up the source SGT based on the source IP address—In some cases, you can manually configure the policy to decide the SGT of a packet based on the source IP address. The SGT Exchange Protocol (SXP) can also populate the IP-address-to-SGT mapping table.

Determining the Destination Security Group

The egress network device in a Cisco TrustSec cloud determines the destination group for applying the SGACL. In some cases, ingress devices or other nonegress devices might have destination group information available. In those cases, SGACLs might be applied in these devices rather than in egress devices.

Cisco TrustSec determines the destination group for the packet in following ways:

  • Destination SGT of the egress port obtained during the policy acquisition
  • Destination SGT lookup based on the destination IP address
You do not configure the destination SGT to enforce Cisco TrustSec on egress broadcast, multicast, and unknown unicast traffic on FEX or vEthernet ports. Instead, you set the DST to zero (unknown). The following is an example of the correct configuration:
cts role-based access-list acl-on-fex-egress
     deny udp
					deny ip
cts role-based sgt 9 dst 0 access-list acl-on-fex-egress

SXP for SGT Propagation Across Legacy Access Networks

The Cisco NX-OS device hardware in the access layer supports Cisco TrustSec. Without the Cisco TrustSec hardware, the Cisco TrustSec software cannot tag the packets with SGTs. You can use SXP to propagate the SGTs across network devices that do not have hardware support for Cisco TrustSec.

SXP operates between access layer devices and distribution layer devices. The access layer devices use SXP to pass the IP addresses of the Cisco TrustSec-authenticated devices with their SGTs to the distribution switches. Distribution devices with both Cisco TrustSec-enabled software and hardware can use this information to tag packets appropriately and enforce SGACL policies.

Figure 6. Using SXP to Propagate SGT Information. This figure shows how to use SXP to propagate SGT information in a legacy network.



Tagging packets with SGTs requires hardware support. You might have devices in your network that cannot tag packets with SGTs. To allow these devices to send IP address-to-SGT mappings to a device that has Cisco TrustSec-capable hardware, you must manually set up the SXP connections. Manually setting up an SXP connection requires the following:

  • If you require SXP data integrity and authentication, you must configure both the same SXP password on both of the peer devices. You can configure the SXP password either explicitly for each peer connection or globally for the device. The SXP password is not required.
  • You must configure each peer on the SXP connection as either an SXP speaker or an SXP listener. The speaker device distributes the SXP information to the listener device.
  • You can specify a source IP address to use for each peer relationship or you can configure a default source IP address for peer connections where you have not configured a specific source IP address.

Authorization and Policy Acquisition

After authentication ends, both the supplicant and AT obtain the security policy from the authentication server. The supplicant and AT enforce the policy against each other. Both the supplicant and AT provide the peer device ID that each receives after authentication. If the peer device ID is not available, Cisco TrustSec can use a manually configured peer device ID.

The authentication server returns the following policy attributes:

Cisco TrustSec trust
Indicates whether the neighbor device is to be trusted for the purpose of putting the SGT in the packets.
Peer SGT
Indicates the security group that the peer belongs to. If the peer is not trusted, all packets received from the peer are tagged with this SGT. If the device does not know if the SGACLs are associated with the peer’s SGT, the device may send a follow-up request to fetch the SGACLs.
Authorization expiry time
Indicates the number of seconds before the policy expires. The Cisco-proprietary attribute-value (AV) pairs indicates the expiration time of an authorization or policy response to a Cisco TrustSec device. A Cisco TrustSec device should refresh its policy and authorization before it times out.

Tip


Each Cisco TrustSec device should support some minimal default access policy in case it is not able to contact the authentication server to get an appropriate policy for the peer.

Environment Data Download

The Cisco TrustSec environment data is a collection of information or policies that assists a device to function as a Cisco TrustSec node. The device acquires the environment data from the authentication server when the device first joins a Cisco TrustSec cloud, although you might also manually configure some of the data on a device. For example, you must configure the seed Cisco TrustSec device with the authentication server information, which can later be augmented by the server list that the device acquires from the authentication server.

The device must refresh the Cisco TrustSec environment data before it expires. The device can also cache the data and reuse it after a reboot if the data has not expired.

The device uses RADIUS to acquire the following environment data from the authentication server:

Server lists
List of servers that the client can use for future RADIUS requests (for both authentication and authorization).
Device SGT
Security group to which the device itself belongs.
Expiry timeout
Interval that controls how often the Cisco TrustSec device should refresh its environment data.

RADIUS Relay Functionality

The Cisco NX-OS device that plays the role of the Cisco TrustSec AT in the 802.1X authentication process has IP connectivity to the authentication server, which allows it to acquire the policy and authorization from the authentication server by exchanging RADIUS messages over UDP/IP. The supplicant device may not have IP connectivity with the authentication server. In such cases, Cisco TrustSec allows the AT to act as a RADIUS relay for the supplicant.

The supplicant sends a special EAP over LAN (EAPOL) message to the Cisco TrustSec AT that contains the RADIUS server IP address and UDP port and the complete RADIUS request. The Cisco TrustSec AT extracts the RADIUS request from the received EAPOL message and sends it over UDP/IP to the authentication server. When the RADIUS response returns from the authentication server, the Cisco TrustSec AT forwards the message back to the supplicant, encapsulated in an EAPOL frame.

Virtualization Support for Cisco TrustSec

Cisco TrustSec configuration and operation are local to the virtual device context (VDC). For more information on VDCs, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide.

Licensing Requirements for Cisco TrustSec

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product

License Requirement

Cisco NX-OS

Beginning with Cisco NX-OS Release 6.1, Cisco TrustSec requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you.

For Cisco NX-OS releases prior to 6.1, Cisco TrustSec requires an Advanced Services license. Cisco TrustSec licensing does not have a grace period. You must obtain and install an Advanced Services license before you can use Cisco TrustSec.

Note   

For an explanation of the Cisco NX-OS licensing scheme and how to obtain and apply licenses, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.

Prerequisites for Cisco TrustSec

Cisco TrustSec has the following prerequisites:

  • You must install the Advanced Services license if your device is running a Cisco NX-OS release prior to 6.1.
  • You must enable the 802.1X feature.
  • You must enable the 802.1X feature before you enable the Cisco TrustSec feature. Although none of the 802.1X interface level features are available, 802.1X is required for the device to authenticate with RADIUS.
  • You must enable the Cisco TrustSec feature.

Guidelines and Limitations for Cisco TrustSec

Cisco TrustSec has the following guidelines and limitations:

  • The following commands are not supported for F1 Series modules:
    • cts dot1x
    • propagate-sgt
    • replay-protection
    • sap pmk
    • sap hash-algorithm
  • Only CTS RBACL is supported for F1 Series modules. The F1 Series modules do not support the cts-dot1x mode or the cts-manual mode.
  • The F1 Series modules do not support FIPS mode.
  • Cisco TrustSec uses RADIUS for authentication.
  • You cannot configure both Cisco TrustSec and 802.1X on an interface; you can configure only one or the other. However, you must enable the 802.1X feature for Cisco TrustSec to use EAP-FAST authentication.
  • AAA authentication and authorization for Cisco TrustSec is only supported by the Cisco Secure Access Control Server (ACS).
  • Cisco TrustSec supports IPv4 addressing only.
  • SXP cannot use the management (mgmt 0) interface.
  • You cannot enable Cisco TrustSec on interfaces in half-duplex mode.
  • If SGACL is applied to the packets being routed through SVI, SGACL has to be enabled on all the VLANs and the VRF involved.
  • When a switch is in N-Port Virtualization (NPV) mode, an Ethernet interface that is bound to a virtual fibre channel in NP mode cannot be assigned a valid SGT. This restriction ensures that SGT and DGT label lookups fail so that the RBACL label configured on the logical interface is used for egress Layer 3 binding checks.
  • The 40G and 100G M2 Series modules support IEEE 802.1AE MAC security (MACsec). For MACsec links that have a bandwidth that is greater than or equal to 40G, multiple security associations (SCI/AN pairs) are established with each Security Association Protocol (SAP) exchange.

Default Settings For Cisco TrustSec

This table lists the default settings for Cisco TrustSec parameters.

Table 1 Default Cisco TrustSec Parameters Settings

Parameters

Default

Cisco TrustSec

Disabled

Encryption and decryption of pause frames on all interfaces

Enabled on line cards that support the encryption and decryption of pause frames

SXP

Disabled

SXP default password

None

SXP reconcile period

120 seconds (2 minutes)

SXP retry period

60 seconds (1 minute)

Caching

Disabled

RBACL logging

Disabled

RBACL statistics

Disabled

Configuring Cisco TrustSec

This section provides information about the configuration tasks for Cisco TrustSec.

Enabling the Cisco TrustSec Feature

You must enable both the 802.1X feature and the Cisco TrustSec feature on the Cisco NX-OS device before you can configure Cisco TrustSec.


Note


You cannot disable the 802.1X feature after you enable the Cisco TrustSec feature.


Before You Begin

Ensure that you have installed the Advanced Services license, if your device is running a Cisco NX-OS release prior to 6.1.

SUMMARY STEPS

    1.    configure terminal

    2.    feature dot1x

    3.    feature cts

    4.    exit

    5.    (Optional) show cts

    6.    (Optional) show feature

    7.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


DETAILED STEPS
      Command or Action Purpose
    Step 1 configure terminal


    Example:
    switch# configure terminal
    switch(config)#
     

    Enters configuration mode.

     
    Step 2 feature dot1x


    Example:
    switch(config)# feature dot1x
     

    Enables the 802.1X feature.

     
    Step 3 feature cts


    Example:
    switch(config)# feature cts
     

    Enables the Cisco TrustSec feature.

     
    Step 4 exit


    Example:
    switch(config)# exit
    switch#
     

    Exits configuration mode.

     
    Step 5 show cts


    Example:
    switch# show cts
     
    (Optional)

    Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration.

     
    Step 6 show feature


    Example:
    switch# show feature
     
    (Optional)

    Displays the enabled status for features.

     
    Step 7 copy running-config startup-config


    Example:
    switch# copy running-config startup-config
     
    (Optional)

    Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

     

    Configuring Cisco TrustSec Device Credentials

    You must configure unique Cisco TrustSec credentials on each Cisco TrustSec-enabled Cisco NX-OS device in your network. Cisco TrustSec uses the password in the credentials for device authentication.


    Note


    You must also configure the Cisco TrustSec credentials for the Cisco NX-OS device on the Cisco Secure ACS (see the documentation at the following URL:

    http:/​/​www.cisco.com/​en/​US/​products/​sw/​secursw/​ps5338/​products_​installation_​and_​configuration_​guides_​list.html).
    Before You Begin

    Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

    SUMMARY STEPS

      1.    configure terminal

      2.    cts device-id name password password

      3.    exit

      4.    (Optional) show cts

      5.    (Optional) show cts environment

      6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


    DETAILED STEPS
        Command or Action Purpose
      Step 1 configure terminal


      Example:
      switch# configure terminal
      switch(config)#
       

      Enters configuration mode.

       
      Step 2 cts device-id name password password


      Example:
      switch(config)# cts device-id MyDevice1 password CiscO321
       

      Configures a unique device ID and password. The name argument has a maximum length of 32 characters and is case sensitive.

       
      Step 3 exit


      Example:
      switch(config)# exit
      switch#
       

      Exits configuration mode.

       
      Step 4 show cts


      Example:
      switch# show cts
       
      (Optional)

      Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration.

       
      Step 5 show cts environment


      Example:
      switch# show cts environment
       
      (Optional)

      Displays the Cisco TrustSec environment data.

       
      Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


      Example:
      switch# copy running-config startup-config
       
      (Optional)

      Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

       

      Configuring AAA for Cisco TrustSec

      You can use Cisco Secure ACS for Cisco TrustSec authentication. You must configure RADIUS server groups and specify the default AAA authentication and authorization methods on one of the Cisco TrustSec-enabled Cisco NX-OS devices in your network cloud. Because Cisco TrustSec supports RADIUS relay, you need to configure AAA only on a seed Cisco NX-OS device that is directly connected to a Cisco Secure ACS. For all the other Cisco TrustSec-enabled Cisco NX-OS devices, Cisco TrustSec automatically provides a private AAA server group, aaa-private-sg. The seed Cisco NX-OS devices uses the management VRF to communicate with the Cisco Secure ACS.


      Note


      Only the Cisco Secure ACS supports Cisco TrustSec.


      Configuring AAA on the Cisco TrustSec Seed Cisco NX-OS Devices

      This section describes how to configure AAA on the seed Cisco NX-OS device in your Cisco TrustSec network cloud.


      Note


      When you configure the AAA RADIUS server group for the seed Cisco NX-OS device, you must specify a VRF. If you use the management VRF, no further configuration is necessary for the nonseed devices in the network cloud. If you use a different VRF, you must configure the nonseed devices with that VRF.


      Before You Begin

      Obtain the IPv4 or IPv6 address or hostname for the Cisco ACS.

      Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

      SUMMARY STEPS

        1.    configure terminal

        2.    radius-server host {ipv4-address | ipv6-address | hostname} key [0 | 7] key pac

        3.    (Optional) show radius-server

        4.    aaa group server radius group-name

        5.    server {ipv4-address | ipv6-address | hostname}

        6.    use-vrf vrf-name

        7.    exit

        8.    aaa authentication dot1x default group group-name

        9.    aaa authorization cts default group group-name

        10.    exit

        11.    (Optional) show radius-server groups [group-name]

        12.    (Optional) show aaa authentication

        13.    (Optional) show aaa authorization

        14.    (Optional) show cts pacs

        15.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


      DETAILED STEPS
          Command or Action Purpose
        Step 1 configure terminal


        Example:
        switch# configure terminal
        switch(config)#
         

        Enters global configuration mode.

         
        Step 2 radius-server host {ipv4-address | ipv6-address | hostname} key [0 | 7] key pac


        Example:
        switch(config)# radius-server host 10.10.1.1 key L1a0K2s9 pac
         

        Configures a RADIUS server host with a key and PAC. The hostname augument is The key augument is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum length of 63 characters. The 0 option indicates that the key is in clear text. The 7 option indicates that the key is encrypted. The default is clear text.

         
        Step 3 show radius-server


        Example:
        switch# show radius-server
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the RADIUS server configuration.

         
        Step 4 aaa group server radius group-name


        Example:
        switch(config)# aaa group server radius Rad1
        switch(config-radius)#
         

        Specifies the RADIUS server group and enters RADIUS server group configuration mode.

         
        Step 5 server {ipv4-address | ipv6-address | hostname}


        Example:
        switch(config-radius)# server 10.10.1.1
         

        Specifies the RADIUS server host address.

         
        Step 6 use-vrf vrf-name


        Example:
        switch(config-radius)# use-vrf management
         

        Specifies the management VRF for the AAA server group.

        Note   

        If you use the management VRF, no further configuration is necessary for the nonseed devices in the network cloud. If you use a different VRF, you must configure the nonseed devices with that VRF.

         
        Step 7 exit


        Example:
        switch(config-radius)# exit
        switch(config)#
         

        Exits RADIUS server group configuration mode.

         
        Step 8 aaa authentication dot1x default group group-name


        Example:
        switch(config)# aaa authentication dot1x default group Rad1
         

        Specifies the RADIUS server groups to use for 802.1X authentication.

         
        Step 9 aaa authorization cts default group group-name


        Example:
        switch(config)# aaa authentication cts default group Rad1
         

        Specifies the RADIUS server groups to use for Cisco TrustSec authorization.

         
        Step 10 exit


        Example:
        switch(config)# exit
        switch#
         

        Exits configuration mode.

         
        Step 11 show radius-server groups [group-name]


        Example:
        switch# show radius-server group rad1
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the RADIUS server group configuration.

         
        Step 12 show aaa authentication


        Example:
        switch# show aaa authentication
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the AAA authentication configuration.

         
        Step 13 show aaa authorization


        Example:
        switch# show aaa authorization
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the AAA authorization configuration.

         
        Step 14 show cts pacs


        Example:
        switch# show cts pacs
         
        (Optional)

        Displays the Cisco TrustSec PAC information.

         
        Step 15 copy running-config startup-config


        Example:
        switch# copy running-config startup-config
         
        (Optional)

        Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

         

        Configuring AAA on Cisco TrustSec Nonseed Cisco NX-OS Devices

        Cisco TrustSec configures an AAA server group named aaa-private-sg on the nonseed Cisco NX-OS devices in the network cloud. By default, the aaa-private-sg server group uses the management VRF to communicate with the Cisco Secure ACS and no further configuration is required on the nonseed Cisco NX-OS devices. However, if you choose to use a different VRF, you must change the aaa-private-sg on the nonseed Cisco NX-OS device to use the correct VRF.

        Before You Begin

        Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

        Ensure that you have configured a seed Cisco NX-OS device in your network.

        SUMMARY STEPS

          1.    configure terminal

          2.    aaa group server radius aaa-private-sg

          3.    use-vrf vrf-name

          4.    exit

          5.    (Optional) show radius-server groups aaa-private-sg

          6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


        DETAILED STEPS
            Command or Action Purpose
          Step 1 configure terminal


          Example:
          switch# configure terminal
          switch(config)#
           

          Enters global configuration mode.

           
          Step 2 aaa group server radius aaa-private-sg


          Example:
          switch(config)# aaa group server radius aaa-private-sg
          switch(config-radius)#
           

          Specifies the RADIUS server group aaa-private-sg and enters RADIUS server group configuration mode.

           
          Step 3 use-vrf vrf-name


          Example:
          switch(config-radius)# use-vrf MyVRF
           

          Specifies the management VRF for the AAA server group.

           
          Step 4 exit


          Example:
          switch(config-radius)# exit
          switch(config)#
           

          Exits configuration mode.

           
          Step 5 show radius-server groups aaa-private-sg


          Example:
          switch(config)# show radius-server groups aaa-private-sg
           
          (Optional)

          Displays the RADIUS server group configuration for the default server group.

           
          Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


          Example:
          switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
           
          (Optional)

          Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

           

          Configuring Cisco TrustSec Authentication, Authorization, SAP, and Data Path Security

          This section provides information about the configuration tasks for Cisco TrustSec authentication, authorization, SAP, and data path security.

          Cisco TrustSec Configuration Process for Cisco TrustSec Authentication and Authorization

          Follow these steps to configure Cisco TrustSec authentication and authorization:

          SUMMARY STEPS

            1.    Enable the Cisco TrustSec feature.

            2.    Enable Cisco TrustSec authentication.

            3.    Enable 802.1X authentication for Cisco TrustSec on the interfaces.


          DETAILED STEPS
            Step 1   Enable the Cisco TrustSec feature.
            Step 2   Enable Cisco TrustSec authentication.
            Step 3   Enable 802.1X authentication for Cisco TrustSec on the interfaces.

            Enabling Cisco TrustSec Authentication

            You must enable Cisco TrustSec authentication on the interfaces. By default, the data path replay protection feature is enabled and the SAP operating mode is GCM-encrypt.


            Caution


            For the Cisco TrustSec authentication configuration to take effect, you must enable and disable the interface, which disrupts traffic on the interface.



            Note


            Enabling 802.1X mode for Cisco TrustSec automatically enables authorization and SAP on the interface.


            SUMMARY STEPS

              1.    configure terminal

              2.    interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]

              3.    cts dot1x

              4.    (Optional) no replay-protection

              5.    (Optional) sap modelist {gcm-encrypt | gmac | no-encap | null}

              6.    exit

              7.    shutdown

              8.    no shutdown

              9.    exit

              10.    (Optional) show cts interface all

              11.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


            DETAILED STEPS
                Command or Action Purpose
              Step 1 configure terminal


              Example:
              switch# configure terminal
              switch(config)#
               

              Enters global configuration mode.

               
              Step 2 interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]


              Example:
              switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/2
              switch(config-if)#
               

              Specifies a single port or a range of ports and enters interface configuration mode.

               
              Step 3 cts dot1x


              Example:
              switch(config-if)# cts dot1x
              switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)#
               

              Enables 802.1X authentication for Cisco TrustSec and enters Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

               
              Step 4 no replay-protection


              Example:
              switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# no replay-protection
               
              (Optional)

              Disables replay protection. The default is enabled.

               
              Step 5 sap modelist {gcm-encrypt | gmac | no-encap | null}


              Example:
              switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# sap modelist gcm-encrypt
               
              (Optional)

              Configures the SAP operation mode on the interface.

              gcm-encrypt
              GCM encryption
              gmac
              GCM authentication only
              no-encap
              No encapsulation for SAP and no SGT insertion
              null
              Encapsulation without authentication or encryption

              The default is gcm-encrypt.

               
              Step 6 exit


              Example:
              switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# exit
              switch(config-if)#
               

              Exits Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

               
              Step 7 shutdown


              Example:
              switch(config-if)# shutdown
               

              Disables the interface.

               
              Step 8 no shutdown


              Example:
              switch(config-if)# no shutdown
               

              Enables the interface and enables Cisco TrustSec authentication on the interface.

               
              Step 9 exit


              Example:
              switch(config-if)# exit
              switch(config)#
               

              Exits interface configuration mode.

               
              Step 10 show cts interface all


              Example:
              switch(config)# show cts interface all
               
              (Optional)

              Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration on the interfaces.

               
              Step 11 copy running-config startup-config


              Example:
              switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
               
              (Optional)

              Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

               

              Configuring Data-Path Replay Protection for Cisco TrustSec on Interfaces

              By default, the Cisco NX-OS software enables the data-path reply protection feature. You can disable the data-path replay protection feature on the interfaces for Layer 2 Cisco TrustSec if the connecting device does not support SAP.


              Caution


              For the data-path replay protection configuration to take effect, you must enable and disable the interface, which disrupts traffic on the interface.


              Before You Begin

              Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec authentication on the interface.

              SUMMARY STEPS

                1.    configure terminal

                2.    interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]

                3.    cts dot1x

                4.    no replay-protection

                5.    exit

                6.    shutdown

                7.    no shutdown

                8.    exit

                9.    (Optional) show cts interface all

                10.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


              DETAILED STEPS
                  Command or Action Purpose
                Step 1 configure terminal


                Example:
                switch# configure terminal
                switch(config)#
                 

                Enters global configuration mode.

                 
                Step 2 interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]


                Example:
                switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/2
                switch(config-if)#
                 

                Specifies a single port or a range of ports and enters interface configuration mode.

                 
                Step 3 cts dot1x


                Example:
                switch(config-if)# cts dot1x
                switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)#
                 

                Enables 802.1X authentication for Cisco TrustSec and enters Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

                 
                Step 4 no replay-protection


                Example:
                switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# no replay-protection
                 

                Disables data-path replay protection. The default is enabled.

                Use the replay-protection command to enable data-path replay protection on the interface.

                 
                Step 5 exit


                Example:
                switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# exit
                switch(config-if)#
                 

                Exits Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

                 
                Step 6 shutdown


                Example:
                switch(config-if)# shutdown
                 

                Disables the interface.

                 
                Step 7 no shutdown


                Example:
                switch(config-if)# no shutdown
                 

                Enables the interface and disables the data-path reply protection feature on the interface.

                 
                Step 8 exit


                Example:
                switch(config-if)# exit
                switch(config)#
                 

                Exits interface configuration mode.

                 
                Step 9 show cts interface all


                Example:
                switch(config)# show cts interface all
                 
                (Optional)

                Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration on the interface.

                 
                Step 10 copy running-config startup-config


                Example:
                switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                 
                (Optional)

                Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                 

                Configuring SAP Operation Modes for Cisco TrustSec on Interfaces

                You can configure the SAP operation mode on the interfaces for Layer 2 Cisco TrustSec. The default SAP operation mode is GCM-encrypt.


                Caution


                For the SAP operation mode configuration to take effect, you must enable and disable the interface, which disrupts traffic on the interface.


                Before You Begin

                Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec authentication on the interface.

                SUMMARY STEPS

                  1.    configure terminal

                  2.    interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]

                  3.    cts dot1x

                  4.    sap modelist [gcm-encrypt | gmac | no-encap | null]

                  5.    exit

                  6.    shutdown

                  7.    no shutdown

                  8.    exit

                  9.    (Optional) show cts interface all

                  10.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                DETAILED STEPS
                    Command or Action Purpose
                  Step 1 configure terminal


                  Example:
                  switch# configure terminal
                  switch(config)#
                   

                  Enters global configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 2 interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]


                  Example:
                  switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/2
                  switch(config-if)#
                   

                  Specifies a single interface or a range of interfaces and enters interface configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 3 cts dot1x


                  Example:
                  switch(config-if)# cts dot1x
                  switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)#
                   

                  Enables 802.1X authentication for Cisco TrustSec and enters Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 4 sap modelist [gcm-encrypt | gmac | no-encap | null]


                  Example:
                  switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# sap modelist gmac
                   

                  Configures the SAP authentication mode on the interface.

                  gcm-encrypt
                  Provides GCM encryption.
                  gmac
                  Provides GCM authentication only.
                  no-encap
                  Provides no encapsulation for SAP on the interface and does not insert an SGT.
                  null
                  Provides encapsulation without authentication or encryption for SAP on the interface. Only the SGT is encapsulated.

                  The default is gcm-encrypt.

                   
                  Step 5 exit


                  Example:
                  switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# exit
                  switch(config-if)#
                   

                  Exits Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 6 shutdown


                  Example:
                  switch(config-if)# shutdown
                   

                  Disables the interface.

                   
                  Step 7 no shutdown


                  Example:
                  switch(config-if)# no shutdown
                   

                  Enables the interface and SAP operation mode on the interface.

                   
                  Step 8 exit


                  Example:
                  switch(config-if)# exit
                  switch(config)#
                   

                  Exits interface configuration mode.

                   
                  Step 9 show cts interface all


                  Example:
                  switch(config)# show cts interface all
                   
                  (Optional)

                  Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration on the interface.

                   
                  Step 10 copy running-config startup-config


                  Example:
                  switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                   
                  (Optional)

                  Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                   

                  Configuring SGT Propagation for Cisco TrustSec on Interfaces

                  The SGT propagation feature on the Layer 2 interface is enabled by default. You can disable the SGT propagation feature on an interface if the peer device connected to the interface cannot handle Cisco TrustSec packets tagged with an SGT.


                  Caution


                  For the SGT propagation configuration to take effect, you must enable and disable the interface, which disrupts traffic on the interface.


                  Before You Begin

                  Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec authentication on the interface.

                  SUMMARY STEPS

                    1.    configure terminal

                    2.    interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]

                    3.    cts dot1x

                    4.    no propagate-sgt

                    5.    exit

                    6.    shutdown

                    7.    no shutdown

                    8.    exit

                    9.    (Optional) show cts interface all

                    10.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                  DETAILED STEPS
                      Command or Action Purpose
                    Step 1 configure terminal


                    Example:
                    switch# configure terminal
                    switch(config)#
                     

                    Enters global configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 2 interface ethernet slot/port [- port2]


                    Example:
                    switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/2
                    switch(config-if)#
                     

                    Specifies a single port or a range of ports and enters interface configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 3 cts dot1x


                    Example:
                    switch(config-if)# cts dot1x
                    switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)#
                     

                    Enables 802.1X authentication for Cisco TrustSec and enters Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 4 no propagate-sgt


                    Example:
                    switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# no propagate-sgt
                     

                    Disables SGT propagation. The default is enabled.

                    Use the propagate-sgt command to enable SGT propagation on the interface.

                     
                    Step 5 exit


                    Example:
                    switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# exit
                    switch(config-if)#
                     

                    Exits Cisco TrustSec 802.1X configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 6 shutdown


                    Example:
                    switch(config-if)# shutdown
                     

                    Disables the interface.

                     
                    Step 7 no shutdown


                    Example:
                    switch(config-if)# no shutdown
                     

                    Enables the interface and disables the data-path reply protection feature on the interface.

                     
                    Step 8 exit


                    Example:
                    switch(config-if)# exit
                    switch(config)#
                     

                    Exits interface configuration mode.

                     
                    Step 9 show cts interface all


                    Example:
                    switch(config)# show cts interface all
                     
                    (Optional)

                    Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration on the interface.

                     
                    Step 10 copy running-config startup-config


                    Example:
                    switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                     
                    (Optional)

                    Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                     

                    Regenerating SAP Keys on an Interface

                    You can trigger an SAP exchange to generate a new set of keys and protect the data traffic flowing on an interface.

                    Before You Begin

                    Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                    SUMMARY STEPS

                      1.    cts rekey ethernet slot/port

                      2.    (Optional) show cts interface all


                    DETAILED STEPS
                        Command or Action Purpose
                      Step 1 cts rekey ethernet slot/port


                      Example:
                      switch# cts rekey ethernet 2/3
                       

                      Generates the SAP keys for an interface.

                       
                      Step 2 show cts interface all


                      Example:
                      switch# show cts interface all
                       
                      (Optional)

                      Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration on the interfaces.

                       

                      Configuring Cisco TrustSec Authentication in Manual Mode

                      You can manually configure Cisco TrustSec on an interface if your Cisco NX-OS device does not have access to a Cisco Secure ACS or authentication is not needed because you have the MAC address authentication bypass feature enabled. You must manually configure the interfaces on both ends of the connection.


                      Note


                      You cannot enable Cisco TrustSec on interfaces in half-duplex mode. Use the show interface command to determine if an interface is configured for half-duplex mode.



                      Caution


                      For the Cisco TrustSec manual mode configuration to take effect, you must enable and disable the interface, which disrupts traffic on the interface.


                      Before You Begin

                      Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                      SUMMARY STEPS

                        1.    configure terminal

                        2.    interface { ethernet | vethernet }slot/port

                        3.    cts manual

                        4.    sap pmk {key | use-dot1x} [modelist {gcm-encrypt | gmac | no-encap | null}]

                        5.    (Optional) policy dynamic identity peer-name

                        6.    (Optional) policy static sgt tag [trusted]

                        7.    exit

                        8.    shutdown

                        9.    no shutdown

                        10.    exit

                        11.    (Optional) show cts interface all

                        12.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                      DETAILED STEPS
                          Command or Action Purpose
                        Step 1 configure terminal


                        Example:
                        switch# configure terminal
                        switch(config)#
                         

                        Enters global configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 2 interface { ethernet | vethernet }slot/port


                        Example:
                        switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/2
                        switch(config-if)#
                         

                        Specifies an interface and enters interface configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 3 cts manual


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if)# cts manual
                        switch(config-if-cts-manual)#
                         

                        Enters Cisco TrustSec manual configuration mode.

                        Note   

                        You cannot enable Cisco TrustSec on interfaces in half-duplex mode.

                         
                        Step 4 sap pmk {key | use-dot1x} [modelist {gcm-encrypt | gmac | no-encap | null}]


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if-cts-manual)# sap pmk fedbaa modelist gmac
                         

                        Configures the SAP pairwise master key (PMK) and operation mode. SAP is disabled by default in Cisco TrustSec manual mode.

                        The key argument is a hexadecimal value with an even number of characters and a maximum length of 32 characters.

                        Use the use-dot1x keyword when the peer device does not support Cisco TrustSec 802.1X authentication or authorization but does support SAP data path encryption and authentication.

                        The mode list configures the cipher mode for the data path encryption and authentication as follows:

                        gcm-encrypt
                        GCM encryption mode
                        gmac
                        GCM authentication mode
                        no-encap
                        No encapsulation and no SGT insertion
                        null
                        Encapsulation of the SGT without authentication or encryption

                        The default mode is gcm-encrypt.

                         
                        Step 5 policy dynamic identity peer-name


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if-cts-manual)# policy dynamic identity MyDevice2
                         
                        (Optional)

                        Configures dynamic authorization policy download. The peer-name argument is the Cisco TrustSec device ID for the peer device. The peer name is case sensitive.

                        Note   

                        Ensure that you have configured the Cisco TrustSec credentials and AAA for Cisco TrustSec.

                        Note   

                        The policy dynamic and policy static commands are mutually exclusive. Only one can be applied at a time. To change from one to the other, you must use the no form of the command to remove the configuration before configuring the other command.

                         
                        Step 6 policy static sgt tag [trusted]


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if-cts-manual)# policy static sgt 0x2 
                         
                        (Optional)
                        Configures a static authorization policy. The tag argument is in hexadecimal format and the range is from 0x2 to 0xffef. The trusted keyword indicates that traffic coming on the interface with this SGT should not have its tag overridden.
                        Note   

                        The policy dynamic and policy static commands are mutually exclusive. Only one can be applied at a time. To change from one to the other, you must use the no form of the command to remove the configuration before configuring the other command.

                         
                        Step 7 exit


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if-cts-manual)# exit
                        switch(config-if)#
                         

                        Exits Cisco TrustSec manual configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 8 shutdown


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if)# shutdown
                         

                        Disables the interface.

                         
                        Step 9 no shutdown


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if)# no shutdown
                         

                        Enables the interface and enables Cisco TrustSec authentication on the interface.

                         
                        Step 10 exit


                        Example:
                        switch(config-if)# exit
                        switch(config)#
                         

                        Exits interface configuration mode.

                         
                        Step 11 show cts interface all


                        Example:
                        switch# show cts interface all
                         
                        (Optional)

                        Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration for the interfaces.

                         
                        Step 12 copy running-config startup-config


                        Example:
                        switch# copy running-config startup-config
                         
                        (Optional)

                        Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                         

                        Configuring Pause Frame Encryption or Decryption for Cisco TrustSec on Interfaces

                        Pause frames are MAC control frames used for Ethernet flow control. The ports on some line cards encrypt and decrypt pause frames while the ports on other line cards do not have this ability. This disparity causes interoperability issues and causes the ports to discard or ignore the pause frames.

                        Beginning with Cisco NX-OS Release 5.2, you can configure if the pause frames are to be encrypted or clear on individual interfaces. You must configure the interfaces on both ends of the connection but can do so using either dot1x or manual mode. If two ports are connected to form a CTS link and one is clear pause capable and the other is secure (encryption/decryption) pause capable, the pause frames must be sent in the clear across the link in order for them to be correctly sent and received.


                        Note


                        F1 Series modules and the N7K-M132XP-12(L) module support only clear pause frames. All other M1 Series modules support both secure (encrypted and decrypted) and clear pause frames.



                        Note


                        You cannot enable Cisco TrustSec on interfaces in half-duplex mode. Use the show interface command to determine if an interface is configured for half-duplex mode.



                        Caution


                        For the pause frame encryption or decryption configuration to take effect, you must enable and disable the interface, which disrupts traffic on the interface.


                        Before You Begin

                        Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                        Ensure that you have enabled flow control on the interface using the flowcontrol {send | receive} command.

                        SUMMARY STEPS

                          1.    configure terminal

                          2.    interface ethernet slot/port

                          3.    cts dot1x or cts manual

                          4.    [no] encrypt pause-frame

                          5.    exit

                          6.    shutdown

                          7.    no shutdown

                          8.    exit

                          9.    (Optional) show cts interface all

                          10.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                        DETAILED STEPS
                            Command or Action Purpose
                          Step 1 configure terminal


                          Example:
                          switch# configure terminal
                          switch(config)#
                           

                          Enters global configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 2 interface ethernet slot/port


                          Example:
                          switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/2
                          switch(config-if)#
                           

                          Specifies an interface and enters interface configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 3 cts dot1x or cts manual


                          Example:
                          switch(config-if)# cts dot1x
                          switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)#
                           

                          Enters Cisco TrustSec dot1x or manual configuration mode.

                          Note   

                          You cannot enable Cisco TrustSec on interfaces in half-duplex mode.

                           
                          Step 4 [no] encrypt pause-frame


                          Example:
                          switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# no encrypt pause-frame
                           

                          Configures pause frame encryption or decryption for Cisco TrustSec on the interface. When no encrypt pause-frame is configured, the pause frames are sent in the clear. When encrypt pause-frame is configured, pause frames are sent encrypted over the CTS link.

                           
                          Step 5 exit


                          Example:
                          switch(config-if-cts-dot1x)# exit
                          switch(config-if)#
                           

                          Exits Cisco TrustSec dot1x or manual configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 6 shutdown


                          Example:
                          switch(config-if)# shutdown
                           

                          Disables the interface.

                           
                          Step 7 no shutdown


                          Example:
                          switch(config-if)# no shutdown
                           

                          Enables the interface and enables pause frame encryption or decryption for Cisco TrustSec on the interface.

                           
                          Step 8 exit


                          Example:
                          switch(config-if)# exit
                          switch(config)#
                           

                          Exits interface configuration mode.

                           
                          Step 9 show cts interface all


                          Example:
                          switch# show cts interface all
                           
                          (Optional)

                          Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration for the interfaces.

                           
                          Step 10 copy running-config startup-config


                          Example:
                          switch# copy running-config startup-config
                           
                          (Optional)

                          Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                           

                          Configuring SGACL Policies

                          This section provides information about the configuration tasks for SGACL policies.

                          SGACL Policy Configuration Process

                          Follow these steps to configure Cisco TrustSec SGACL policies:


                            Step 1   For Layer 2 interfaces, enable SGACL policy enforcement for the VLANs with Cisco TrustSec-enabled interfaces.
                            Step 2   For Layer 3 interfaces, enable SGACL policy enforcement for the VRFs with Cisco TrustSec-enabled interfaces.
                            Step 3   If you are not using AAA on a Cisco Secure ACS to download the SGACL policy configuration, manually configure the SGACL mapping and policies.

                            Enabling SGACL Policy Enforcement on VLANs

                            If you use SGACLs, you must enable SGACL policy enforcement in the VLANs that have Cisco TrustSec-enabled Layer 2 interfaces.

                            Note


                            This operation cannot be performed on FCoE VLANs.


                            Before You Begin

                            Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                            SUMMARY STEPS

                              1.    configure terminal

                              2.    vlan vlan-id

                              3.    cts role-based enforcement

                              4.    exit

                              5.    (Optional) show cts role-based enable

                              6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                            DETAILED STEPS
                                Command or Action Purpose
                              Step 1 configure terminal


                              Example:
                              switch# configure terminal
                              switch(config)#
                               

                              Enters configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 2 vlan vlan-id


                              Example:
                              switch(config)# vlan 10
                              switch(config-vlan)#
                               

                              Specifies a VLAN and enters VLAN configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 3 cts role-based enforcement


                              Example:
                              switch(config-vlan)# cts role-based enforcement
                               

                              Enables Cisco TrustSec SGACL policy enforcement on the VLAN.

                               
                              Step 4 exit


                              Example:
                              switch(config-vlan)# exit
                              switch(config)#
                               

                              Saves the VLAN configuration and exits VLAN configuration mode.

                               
                              Step 5 show cts role-based enable


                              Example:
                              switch(config)# show cts role-based enable
                               
                              (Optional)

                              Displays the Cisco TrustSec SGACL enforcement configuration.

                               
                              Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


                              Example:
                              switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                               
                              (Optional)

                              Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                               

                              Enabling SGACL Policy Enforcement on VRFs

                              If you use SGACLs, you must enable SGACL policy enforcement in the VRFs that have Cisco TrustSec-enabled Layer 3 interfaces.


                              Note


                              You cannot enable SGACL policy enforcement on the management VRF.


                              Before You Begin

                              Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                              Ensure that you enabled dynamic Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) inspection or Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) snooping.

                              SUMMARY STEPS

                                1.    configure terminal

                                2.    vrf context vrf-name

                                3.    cts role-based enforcement

                                4.    exit

                                5.    (Optional) show cts role-based enable

                                6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                              DETAILED STEPS
                                  Command or Action Purpose
                                Step 1 configure terminal


                                Example:
                                switch# configure terminal
                                switch(config)#
                                 

                                Enters configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 2 vrf context vrf-name


                                Example:
                                switch(config)# vrf context MyVrf
                                switch(config-vrf)#
                                 

                                Specifies a VRF and enters VRF configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 3 cts role-based enforcement


                                Example:
                                switch(config-vrf)# cts role-based enforcement
                                 

                                Enables Cisco TrustSec SGACL policy enforcement on the VRF.

                                 
                                Step 4 exit


                                Example:
                                switch(config-vrf)# exit
                                switch(config)#
                                 

                                Exits VRF configuration mode.

                                 
                                Step 5 show cts role-based enable


                                Example:
                                switch(config)# show cts role-based enable
                                 
                                (Optional)

                                Displays the Cisco TrustSec SGACL enforcement configuration.

                                 
                                Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


                                Example:
                                switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                                 
                                (Optional)

                                Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                 

                                Manually Configuring Cisco TrustSec SGTs

                                You can manually configure unique Cisco TrustSec security group tags (SGTs) for the packets originating from this device.


                                Note


                                You must also configure the Cisco TrustSec credentials for the Cisco NX-OS device on the Cisco Secure ACS.


                                Before You Begin

                                Ensure that you have enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                SUMMARY STEPS

                                  1.    configure terminal

                                  2.    cts sgt tag

                                  3.    exit

                                  4.    (Optional) show cts environment-data

                                  5.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                DETAILED STEPS
                                    Command or Action Purpose
                                  Step 1 configure terminal


                                  Example:
                                  switch# configure terminal
                                  switch(config)#
                                   

                                  Enters configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 2 cts sgt tag


                                  Example:
                                  switch(config)# cts sgt 0x00a2
                                   

                                  Configures the SGT for packets sent from the device. The tag argument is a hexadecimal value in the format 0xhhhh. The range is from 0x2 to 0xffef.

                                   
                                  Step 3 exit


                                  Example:
                                  switch(config)# exit
                                  switch#
                                   

                                  Exits configuration mode.

                                   
                                  Step 4 show cts environment-data


                                  Example:
                                  switch# show cts environment-data
                                   
                                  (Optional)

                                  Displays the Cisco TrustSec environment data information.

                                   
                                  Step 5 copy running-config startup-config


                                  Example:
                                  switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                   
                                  (Optional)

                                  Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                   

                                  Manually Configuring IPv4-Address-to-SGACL SGT Mapping for a VLAN

                                  You can manually configure an IPv4 address to SGACL SGT mapping on a VLAN if you do not have Cisco Secure ACS, dynamic ARP inspection, or DHCP snooping available on your Cisco NX-OS device.

                                  Before You Begin

                                  Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                  Ensure that you enabled SGACL policy enforcement on the VLAN.

                                  SUMMARY STEPS

                                    1.    configure terminal

                                    2.    vlan vlan-id

                                    3.    cts role-based sgt-map ipv4-address tag

                                    4.    exit

                                    5.    (Optional) show cts role-based sgt-map

                                    6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                  DETAILED STEPS
                                      Command or Action Purpose
                                    Step 1 configure terminal


                                    Example:
                                    switch# configure terminal
                                    switch(config)#
                                     

                                    Enters configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 2 vlan vlan-id


                                    Example:
                                    switch(config)# vlan 10
                                    switch(config-vlan)#
                                     

                                    Specifies a VLAN and enters VLAN configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 3 cts role-based sgt-map ipv4-address tag


                                    Example:
                                    switch(config-vlan)# cts role-based sgt-map 10.10.1.1 100
                                     

                                    Configures SGT mapping for the SGACL policies for the VLAN.

                                     
                                    Step 4 exit


                                    Example:
                                    switch(config-vlan)# exit
                                    switch(config)#
                                     

                                    Saves the VLAN configuration and exits VLAN configuration mode.

                                     
                                    Step 5 show cts role-based sgt-map


                                    Example:
                                    switch(config)# show cts role-based sgt-map
                                     
                                    (Optional)

                                    Displays the Cisco TrustSec SGACL SGT mapping configuration.

                                     
                                    Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


                                    Example:
                                    switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                                     
                                    (Optional)

                                    Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                     

                                    Manually Configuring IPv4-Address-to-SGACL SGT Mapping for a VRF

                                    You can manually configure IPv4 address to SGACL SGT mapping on either a VRF if a Cisco Secure ACS is not available to download the SGACL policy configuration. You can use this feature if you do not have Cisco Secure ACS, dynamic ARP inspection, or DHCP snooping available on your Cisco NX-OS device.

                                    Before You Begin

                                    Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                    Ensure that you enabled SGACL policy enforcement on the VRF.

                                    Ensure that the Layer-3 module is enabled.

                                    SUMMARY STEPS

                                      1.    configure terminal

                                      2.    vrf context vrf-name

                                      3.    cts role-based sgt-map ipv4-address tag

                                      4.    exit

                                      5.    (Optional) show cts role-based sgt-map

                                      6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                    DETAILED STEPS
                                        Command or Action Purpose
                                      Step 1 configure terminal


                                      Example:
                                      switch# configure terminal
                                      switch(config)#
                                       

                                      Enters configuration mode.

                                       
                                      Step 2 vrf context vrf-name


                                      Example:
                                      switch(config)# vrf accounting
                                      switch(config-vrf)#
                                       

                                      Specifies a VRF and enters VRF configuration mode.

                                       
                                      Step 3 cts role-based sgt-map ipv4-address tag


                                      Example:
                                      switch(config-vrf)# cts role-based sgt-map 10.10.1.1 100
                                       

                                      Configures SGT mapping for the SGACL policies for the VLAN.

                                       
                                      Step 4 exit


                                      Example:
                                      switch(config-vrf)# exit
                                      switch(config)#
                                       

                                      Exits VRF configuration mode.

                                       
                                      Step 5 show cts role-based sgt-map


                                      Example:
                                      switch(config)# show cts role-based sgt-map
                                       
                                      (Optional)

                                      Displays the Cisco TrustSec SGACL SGT mapping configuration.

                                       
                                      Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


                                      Example:
                                      switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                                       
                                      (Optional)

                                      Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                       

                                      Manually Configuring SGACL Policies

                                      You can manually configure SGACL policies on your Cisco NX-OS device if a Cisco Secure ACS is not available to download the SGACL policy configuration. You can also enable role-based access control list (RBACL) logging, which allows users to monitor specific types of packets exiting the Cisco NX-OS device.


                                      Note


                                      Before the system generates ACLLOG and RBACL syslogs, logged packets are rate limited, and flows are cached. You can view the source group tag (SGT) on the logged packets using the show logging ip access-list cache detail command. For details of this command, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS System Management Command Reference.
                                      Before You Begin

                                      Ensure that you have enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                      For Cisco TrustSec logging to function, you must enable Cisco TrustSec counters or statistics.

                                      Ensure that you have enabled SGACL policy enforcement on the VLAN and VRF.

                                      If you plan to enable RBACL logging, ensure that you have enabled RBACL policy enforcement on the VLAN and VRF.

                                      If you plan to enable RBACL logging, ensure that you have set the logging level of ACLLOG syslogs to 6 and the logging level of CTS manager syslogs to 5.

                                      If you plan to enable RBACL logging, ensure that you have set the logging level of CTS manager syslogs to 6 or less.

                                      SUMMARY STEPS

                                        1.    configure terminal

                                        2.    cts role-based access-list list-name

                                        3.    (Optional) {deny | permit} all [log]

                                        4.    (Optional) {deny | permit} icmp [log]

                                        5.    (Optional) {deny | permit} igmp [log]

                                        6.    (Optional) {deny | permit} ip [log]

                                        7.    (Optional) {deny | permit} tcp [{dst | src} {{eq | gt | lt | neq} port-number | range port-number1 port-number2}] [log]

                                        8.    {deny | permit} udp [{dst | src} {{eq | gt | lt | neq} port-number | range port-number1 port-number2}] [log]

                                        9.    exit

                                        10.    cts role-based sgt {sgt-value | any | unknown} dgt {dgt-value | any | unknown} access-list list-name

                                        11.    (Optional) show cts role-based access-list

                                        12.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                      DETAILED STEPS
                                          Command or Action Purpose
                                        Step 1 configure terminal


                                        Example:
                                        switch# configure terminal
                                        switch(config)#
                                         

                                        Enters global configuration mode.

                                         
                                        Step 2 cts role-based access-list list-name


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config)# cts role-based access-list MySGACL
                                        switch(config-rbacl)#
                                         

                                        Specifies an SGACL and enters role-based access list configuration mode. The list-name argument value is alphanumeric, case sensitive, and has a maximum length of 32 characters.

                                         
                                        Step 3 {deny | permit} all [log]


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# deny all log
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Denies or permits all traffic. Optionally, you can use the log keyword to specify that packets matching this configuration be logged.

                                         
                                        Step 4 {deny | permit} icmp [log]


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# permit icmp
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Denies or permits Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) traffic. Optionally, you can use the log keyword to specify that packets matching this configuration be logged.

                                         
                                        Step 5 {deny | permit} igmp [log]


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# deny igmp
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Denies or permits Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) traffic. Optionally, you can use the log keyword to specify that packets matching this configuration be logged.

                                         
                                        Step 6 {deny | permit} ip [log]


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# permit ip
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Denies or permits IP traffic. Optionally, you can use the log keyword to specify that packets matching this configuration be logged.

                                         
                                        Step 7 {deny | permit} tcp [{dst | src} {{eq | gt | lt | neq} port-number | range port-number1 port-number2}] [log]


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# deny tcp dst eq 100
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Denies or permits TCP traffic. The default permits all TCP traffic. The range for the port-number, port-number1, and port-number2 arguments is from 0 to 65535. Optionally, you can use the log keyword to specify that packets matching this configuration be logged.

                                         
                                        Step 8 {deny | permit} udp [{dst | src} {{eq | gt | lt | neq} port-number | range port-number1 port-number2}] [log]


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# permit udp src eq 1312
                                         

                                        Denies or permits UDP traffic. The default permits all UDP traffic. The range for the port-number, port-number1, and port-number2 arguments is from 0 to 65535. Optionally, you can use the log keyword to specify that packets matching this configuration be logged.

                                         
                                        Step 9 exit


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config-rbacl)# exit
                                        switch(config)#
                                         

                                        Exits role-based access-list configuration mode.

                                         
                                        Step 10 cts role-based sgt {sgt-value | any | unknown} dgt {dgt-value | any | unknown} access-list list-name


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config)# cts role-based sgt 3 dgt 10 access-list MySGACL
                                         

                                        Maps the SGT values to the SGACL. The sgt-value and dgt-value argument values range from 0 to 65520.

                                        Note   

                                        You must create the SGACL before you can map SGTs to it.

                                         
                                        Step 11 show cts role-based access-list


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config)# show cts role-based access-list
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Displays the Cisco TrustSec SGACL configuration.

                                         
                                        Step 12 copy running-config startup-config


                                        Example:
                                        switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                                         
                                        (Optional)

                                        Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                         

                                        Displaying the Downloaded SGACL Policies

                                        After you configure the Cisco TrustSec device credentials and AAA, you can verify the Cisco TrustSec SGACL policies downloaded from the Cisco Secure ACS. The Cisco NX-OS software download the SGACL policies when it learns of a new SGT through authentication and authorization on an interface, from SXP, or from manual IPv4 address to SGACL SGT mapping.

                                        Before You Begin

                                        Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                        SUMMARY STEPS

                                          1.    show cts role-based access-list


                                        DETAILED STEPS
                                            Command or Action Purpose
                                          Step 1 show cts role-based access-list


                                          Example:
                                          switch# show cts role-based access-list
                                           

                                          Displays Cisco TrustSec SGACLs, both downloaded from the Cisco Secure ACS and manually configured on the Cisco NX-OS device.

                                           

                                          Refreshing the Downloaded SGACL Policies

                                          You can refresh the SGACL policies downloaded to the Cisco NX-OS device by the Cisco Secure ACS.

                                          Before You Begin

                                          Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                          SUMMARY STEPS

                                            1.    cts refresh role-based policy

                                            2.    (Optional) show cts role-based policy


                                          DETAILED STEPS
                                              Command or Action Purpose
                                            Step 1 cts refresh role-based policy


                                            Example:
                                            switch# cts refresh policy
                                             

                                            Refreshes the Cisco TrustSec SGACL policies from the Cisco Secure ACS.

                                             
                                            Step 2 show cts role-based policy


                                            Example:
                                            switch# show cts role-based policy
                                             
                                            (Optional)

                                            Displays the Cisco TrustSec SGACL policies.

                                             

                                            Enabling Statistics for RBACL

                                            You can request a count of the number of packets that match role-based access control list (RBACL) policies. These statistics are collected per source group tag (SGT) and destination group tag (DGT).


                                            Note


                                            When you modify an RBACL policy, statistics for the previously assigned access control entry (ACE) are displayed, and the newly assigned ACE statistics are initialized to 0.



                                            Note


                                            RBACL statistics are lost only when the Cisco NX-OS device reloads or you deliberately clear the statistics.


                                            Before You Begin

                                            Ensure that you have enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                            If you plan to enable RBACL statistics, ensure that you have enabled RBACL policy enforcement on the VLAN and VRF.

                                            When you enable RBACL statistics, each policy requires one entry in the hardware. If you do not have enough space remaining in the hardware, an error message appears, and you are unable to enable the statistics.

                                            SUMMARY STEPS

                                              1.    configure terminal

                                              2.    [no] cts role-based counters enable

                                              3.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config

                                              4.    exit

                                              5.    (Optional) show cts role-based counters [sgt {sgt-value | any | unknown}] [dgt {dgt-value | any | unknown}]

                                              6.    (Optional) clear cts role-based counters


                                            DETAILED STEPS
                                                Command or Action Purpose
                                              Step 1 configure terminal


                                              Example:
                                              switch# configure terminal
                                              switch(config)#
                                               

                                              Enters global configuration mode.

                                               
                                              Step 2 [no] cts role-based counters enable


                                              Example:
                                              switch(config)# cts role-based counters enable
                                               

                                              Enables or disables RBACL statistics. The default is disabled.

                                               
                                              Step 3 copy running-config startup-config


                                              Example:
                                              switch(config)# copy running-config startup-config
                                               
                                              (Optional)

                                              Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                               
                                              Step 4 exit


                                              Example:
                                              switch(config)# exit
                                              switch#
                                               

                                              Exits global configuration mode.

                                               
                                              Step 5 show cts role-based counters [sgt {sgt-value | any | unknown}] [dgt {dgt-value | any | unknown}]


                                              Example:
                                              switch# show cts role-based counters sgt 10 dgt 20
                                               
                                              (Optional)

                                              Displays the configuration status of RBACL statistics and lists statistics for all RBACL policies. Optionally displays the total number of packets that match RBACL policies for a specific source group tag (SGT) or destination group tag (DGT). The sgt-value and dgt-value argument values range from 0 to 65519.

                                               
                                              Step 6 clear cts role-based counters


                                              Example:
                                              switch# clear cts role-based counters
                                               
                                              (Optional)

                                              Clears the RBACL statistics so that all counters are reset to 0.

                                               

                                              Clearing Cisco TrustSec SGACL Policies

                                              You can clear the Cisco TrustSec SGACL policies.

                                              Before You Begin

                                              Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                              SUMMARY STEPS

                                                1.    (Optional) show cts role-based policy

                                                2.    clear cts policy {all | peer device-name | sgt sgt-value}


                                              DETAILED STEPS
                                                  Command or Action Purpose
                                                Step 1 show cts role-based policy


                                                Example:
                                                switch# clear cts policy all
                                                 
                                                (Optional)

                                                Displays the Cisco TrustSec RBACL policy configuration.

                                                 
                                                Step 2 clear cts policy {all | peer device-name | sgt sgt-value}


                                                Example:
                                                switch# clear cts policy all
                                                 

                                                Clear the policies for Cisco TrustSec connection information.

                                                 

                                                Manually Configuring SXP

                                                You can use the SGT Exchange Protocol (SXP) to propagate the SGTs across network devices that do not have hardware support for Cisco TrustSec. This section describes how to configure Cisco TrustSec SXP on Cisco NX-OS devices in your network.

                                                Cisco TrustSec SXP Configuration Process

                                                Follow these steps to manually configure Cisco TrustSec SXP:

                                                SUMMARY STEPS

                                                  1.    Enable the Cisco TrustSec feature.

                                                  2.    Enable SGACL policy enforcement on the VRF.

                                                  3.    Enable Cisco TrustSec SXP.

                                                  4.    Configure SXP peer connections.


                                                DETAILED STEPS
                                                  Step 1   Enable the Cisco TrustSec feature.
                                                  Step 2   Enable SGACL policy enforcement on the VRF.
                                                  Step 3   Enable Cisco TrustSec SXP.
                                                  Step 4   Configure SXP peer connections.
                                                  Note   

                                                  You cannot use the management (mgmt 0) connection for SXP.


                                                  Enabling Cisco TrustSec SXP

                                                  You must enable Cisco TrustSec SXP before you can configure peer connections.

                                                  Before You Begin

                                                  Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                                  SUMMARY STEPS

                                                    1.    configure terminal

                                                    2.    cts sxp enable

                                                    3.    exit

                                                    4.    (Optional) show cts sxp

                                                    5.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                                  DETAILED STEPS
                                                      Command or Action Purpose
                                                    Step 1 configure terminal


                                                    Example:
                                                    switch# configure terminal
                                                    switch(config)#
                                                     

                                                    Enters configuration mode.

                                                     
                                                    Step 2 cts sxp enable


                                                    Example:
                                                    switch(config)# cts sxp enable
                                                     

                                                    Enables SXP for Cisco TrustSec.

                                                     
                                                    Step 3 exit


                                                    Example:
                                                    switch(config)# exit
                                                    switch#
                                                     

                                                    Exits configuration mode.

                                                     
                                                    Step 4 show cts sxp


                                                    Example:
                                                    switch# show cts sxp
                                                     
                                                    (Optional)

                                                    Displays the SXP configuration.

                                                     
                                                    Step 5 copy running-config startup-config


                                                    Example:
                                                    switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                                     
                                                    (Optional)

                                                    Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                                     

                                                    Configuring Cisco TrustSec SXP Peer Connections

                                                    You must configure the SXP peer connection on both of the devices. One device is the speaker and the other is the listener. When using password protection, make sure to use the same password on both ends.


                                                    Note


                                                    If the default SXP source IP address is not configured and you do not specify the SXP source address in the connection, the Cisco NX-OS software derives the SXP source IP address from existing local IP addresses. The SXP source address could be different for each TCP connection initiated from the Cisco NX-OS device.


                                                    Before You Begin

                                                    Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                                    Ensure that you enabled SXP.

                                                    Ensure that you enabled RBACL policy enforcement in the VRF.

                                                    SUMMARY STEPS

                                                      1.    configure terminal

                                                      2.    cts sxp connection peer peer-ipv4-addr [source src-ipv4-addr] password {default | none | required password} mode {speaker | listener} [vrf vrf-name]

                                                      3.    exit

                                                      4.    (Optional) show cts sxp connections

                                                      5.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                                    DETAILED STEPS
                                                        Command or Action Purpose
                                                      Step 1 configure terminal


                                                      Example:
                                                      switch# configure terminal
                                                      switch(config)#
                                                       

                                                      Enters configuration mode.

                                                       
                                                      Step 2 cts sxp connection peer peer-ipv4-addr [source src-ipv4-addr] password {default | none | required password} mode {speaker | listener} [vrf vrf-name]


                                                      Example:
                                                      switch(config)# cts sxp connection peer 10.10.1.1 source 20.20.1.1 password default mode listener
                                                       

                                                      Configures the SXP address connection.

                                                      The source keyword specifies the IPv4 address of the source device. The default source is IPv4 address you configured using the cts sxp default source-ip command.

                                                      The password keyword specifies the password that SXP should use for the connection using the following options:

                                                      default
                                                      Uses the default SXP password you configured using the cts sxp default password command.
                                                      none
                                                      Does not use a password.
                                                      required
                                                      Uses the password specified in the command.

                                                      The vrf keyword specifies the VRF to the peer. The default is the default VRF.

                                                      The mode listenerkeyword specifies the role of the remote peer device.

                                                      Note   

                                                      You cannot use the management (mgmt 0) interface for SXP.

                                                       
                                                      Step 3 exit


                                                      Example:
                                                      switch(config)# exit
                                                      switch#
                                                       

                                                      Exits configuration mode.

                                                       
                                                      Step 4 show cts sxp connections


                                                      Example:
                                                      switch# show cts sxp connections
                                                       
                                                      (Optional)

                                                      Displays the SXP connections and their status.

                                                       
                                                      Step 5 copy running-config startup-config


                                                      Example:
                                                      switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                                       
                                                      (Optional)

                                                      Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                                       

                                                      Configuring the Default SXP Password

                                                      By default, SXP uses no password when setting up connections. You can configure a default SXP password for the Cisco NX-OS device.

                                                      Before You Begin

                                                      Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                                      Ensure that you enabled SXP.

                                                      SUMMARY STEPS

                                                        1.    configure terminal

                                                        2.    cts sxp default password password

                                                        3.    exit

                                                        4.    (Optional) show cts sxp

                                                        5.    (Optional) show running-config cts

                                                        6.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                                      DETAILED STEPS
                                                          Command or Action Purpose
                                                        Step 1 configure terminal


                                                        Example:
                                                        switch# configure terminal
                                                        switch(config)#
                                                         

                                                        Enters configuration mode.

                                                         
                                                        Step 2 cts sxp default password password


                                                        Example:
                                                        switch(config)# cts sxp default password A2Q3d4F5
                                                         

                                                        Configures the SXP default password.

                                                         
                                                        Step 3 exit


                                                        Example:
                                                        switch(config)# exit
                                                        switch#
                                                         

                                                        Exits configuration mode.

                                                         
                                                        Step 4 show cts sxp


                                                        Example:
                                                        switch# show cts sxp
                                                         
                                                        (Optional)

                                                        Displays the SXP configuration.

                                                         
                                                        Step 5 show running-config cts


                                                        Example:
                                                        switch# show running-config cts
                                                         
                                                        (Optional)

                                                        Displays the SXP configuration in the running configuration.

                                                         
                                                        Step 6 copy running-config startup-config


                                                        Example:
                                                        switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                                         
                                                        (Optional)

                                                        Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                                         

                                                        Configuring the Default SXP Source IPv4 Address

                                                        The Cisco NX-OS software uses the default source IPv4 address in all new TCP connections where a source IPv4 address is not specified. There is no effect on existing TCP connections when you configure the default SXP source IPv4 address.

                                                        Before You Begin

                                                        Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                                        Ensure that you enabled SXP.

                                                        SUMMARY STEPS

                                                          1.    configure terminal

                                                          2.    cts sxp default source-ip src-ip-addr

                                                          3.    exit

                                                          4.    (Optional) show cts sxp

                                                          5.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                                        DETAILED STEPS
                                                            Command or Action Purpose
                                                          Step 1 configure terminal


                                                          Example:
                                                          switch# configure terminal
                                                          switch(config)#
                                                           

                                                          Enters configuration mode.

                                                           
                                                          Step 2 cts sxp default source-ip src-ip-addr


                                                          Example:
                                                          switch(config)# cts sxp default source-ip 10.10.3.3
                                                           

                                                          Configures the SXP default source IPv4 address.

                                                           
                                                          Step 3 exit


                                                          Example:
                                                          switch(config)# exit
                                                          switch#
                                                           

                                                          Exits configuration mode.

                                                           
                                                          Step 4 show cts sxp


                                                          Example:
                                                          switch# show cts sxp
                                                           
                                                          (Optional)

                                                          Displays the SXP configuration.

                                                           
                                                          Step 5 copy running-config startup-config


                                                          Example:
                                                          switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                                           
                                                          (Optional)

                                                          Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                                           

                                                          Changing the SXP Reconcile Period

                                                          After a peer terminates an SXP connection, an internal hold-down timer starts. If the peer reconnects before the internal hold-down timer expires, the SXP reconcile period timer starts. While the SXP reconcile period timer is active, the Cisco NX-OS software retains the SGT mapping entries learned from the previous connection and removes invalid entries. The default value is 120 seconds (2 minutes). Setting the SXP reconcile period to 0 seconds disables the timer and causes all entries from the previous connection to be removed.

                                                          Before You Begin

                                                          Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                                          Ensure that you enabled SXP.

                                                          SUMMARY STEPS

                                                            1.    configure terminal

                                                            2.    cts sxp reconcile-period seconds

                                                            3.    exit

                                                            4.    (Optional) show cts sxp

                                                            5.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                                          DETAILED STEPS
                                                              Command or Action Purpose
                                                            Step 1 configure terminal


                                                            Example:
                                                            switch# configure terminal
                                                            switch(config)#
                                                             

                                                            Enters configuration mode.

                                                             
                                                            Step 2 cts sxp reconcile-period seconds


                                                            Example:
                                                            switch(config)# cts sxp reconcile-period 180
                                                             

                                                            Changes the SXP reconcile timer period. The default value is 120 seconds (2 minutes). The range is from 0 to 64000.

                                                             
                                                            Step 3 exit


                                                            Example:
                                                            switch(config)# exit
                                                            switch#
                                                             

                                                            Exits configuration mode.

                                                             
                                                            Step 4 show cts sxp


                                                            Example:
                                                            switch# show cts sxp
                                                             
                                                            (Optional)

                                                            Displays the SXP configuration.

                                                             
                                                            Step 5 copy running-config startup-config


                                                            Example:
                                                            switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                                             
                                                            (Optional)

                                                            Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                                             

                                                            Changing the SXP Retry Period

                                                            The SXP retry period determines how often the Cisco NX-OS software retries an SXP connection. When an SXP connection is not successfully set up, the Cisco NX-OS software makes a new attempt to set up the connection after the SXP retry period timer expires. The default value is 60 seconds (1 minute). Setting the SXP retry period to 0 seconds disables the timer and retries are not attempted.

                                                            Before You Begin

                                                            Ensure that you enabled Cisco TrustSec.

                                                            Ensure that you enabled SXP.

                                                            SUMMARY STEPS

                                                              1.    configure terminal

                                                              2.    cts sxp retry-period seconds

                                                              3.    exit

                                                              4.    (Optional) show cts sxp

                                                              5.    (Optional) copy running-config startup-config


                                                            DETAILED STEPS
                                                                Command or Action Purpose
                                                              Step 1 configure terminal


                                                              Example:
                                                              switch# configure terminal
                                                              switch(config)#
                                                               

                                                              Enters configuration mode.

                                                               
                                                              Step 2 cts sxp retry-period seconds


                                                              Example:
                                                              switch(config)# cts sxp retry-period 120
                                                               

                                                              Changes the SXP retry timer period. The default value is 60 seconds (1 minute). The range is from 0 to 64000.

                                                               
                                                              Step 3 exit


                                                              Example:
                                                              switch(config)# exit
                                                              switch#
                                                               

                                                              Exits configuration mode.

                                                               
                                                              Step 4 show cts sxp


                                                              Example:
                                                              switch# show cts sxp
                                                               
                                                              (Optional)

                                                              Displays the SXP configuration.

                                                               
                                                              Step 5 copy running-config startup-config


                                                              Example:
                                                              switch# copy running-config startup-config
                                                               
                                                              (Optional)

                                                              Copies the running configuration to the startup configuration.

                                                               

                                                              Verifying the Cisco TrustSec Configuration

                                                              To display Cisco TrustSec configuration information, perform one of the following tasks:

                                                              Command

                                                              Purpose

                                                              show cts

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec information.

                                                              show cts credentials

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec credentials for EAP-FAST.

                                                              show cts environment-data

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec environmental data.

                                                              show cts interface

                                                              Displays the Cisco TrustSec configuration for the interfaces.

                                                              show cts pacs

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec authorization information and PACs in the device key store.

                                                              show cts role-based access-list

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec SGACL information.

                                                              show cts role-based counters [sgt sgt-value] [dgt dgt-value]

                                                              Displays the configuration status of RBACL statistics and lists statistics for all RBACL policies. Optionally displays the total number of packets that match RBACL policies for a specific source group tag (SGT) or destination group tag (DGT).

                                                              show cts role-based enable

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec SGACL enforcement status.

                                                              show cts role-based policy

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec SGACL policy information.

                                                              show cts role-based sgt-map

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec SGACL SGT map configuration.

                                                              show cts sxp

                                                              Displays Cisco TrustSec SXP information.

                                                              show running-config cts

                                                              Displays the Cisco TrustSec information in the running configuration.

                                                              Configuration Examples for Cisco TrustSec

                                                              This section provides configuration examples for Cisco TrustSec.

                                                              Enabling Cisco TrustSec

                                                              The following example shows how to enable Cisco TrustSec:

                                                              feature dot1x 
                                                              feature cts 
                                                              cts device-id device1 password Cisco321
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring AAA for Cisco TrustSec on a Seed Cisco NX-OS Device

                                                              The following example shows how to configure AAA for Cisco TrustSec on the seed Cisco NX-OS device:

                                                              radius-server host 10.10.1.1 key Cisco123 pac
                                                              aaa group server radius Rad1
                                                                server 10.10.1.1
                                                                use-vrf management 
                                                              aaa authentication dot1x default group Rad1 
                                                              aaa authorization cts default group Rad1
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Enabling Cisco TrustSec Authentication on an Interface

                                                              The following example shows how to enable Cisco TrustSec authentication with a clear text password on an interface:

                                                              interface ethernet 2/1
                                                                cts dot1x 
                                                                shutdown 
                                                                no shutdown
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring Cisco TrustSec Authentication in Manual Mode

                                                              The following example shows how to configure Cisco TrustSec authentication in manual mode static policy on an interface:

                                                              interface ethernet 2/1
                                                                cts manual 
                                                                  sap pmk abcdef modelist gmac 
                                                                  policy static sgt 0x20 
                                                                  
                                                              

                                                              The following example shows how to configure Cisco TrustSec authentication in manual mode dynamic policy on an interface:

                                                              interface ethernet 2/2
                                                                cts manual 
                                                                  policy dynamic identity device2
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring Cisco TrustSec Role-Based Policy Enforcement for the default VRF

                                                              The following example shows how to enable Cisco TrustSec role-based policy enforcement for the default VRF:

                                                              cts role-based enforcement 
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring Cisco TrustSec Role-Based Policy Enforcement for a Nondefault VRF

                                                              The following example shows how to enable Cisco TrustSec role-based policy enforcement for a nondefault VRF:

                                                              vrf context test
                                                                cts role-based enforcement
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring Cisco TrustSec Role-Based Policy Enforcement for a VLAN

                                                              The following example shows how to enable Cisco TrustSec role-based policy enforcement for a VLAN:

                                                              vlan 10
                                                                cts role-based enforcement
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring IPv4 Address to SGACL SGT Mapping for the Default VRF

                                                              The following example shows how to manually configure IPv4 address to SGACL SGT mapping for Cisco TrustSec role-based policies for the default VRF:

                                                              cts role-based sgt-map 10.1.1.1 20
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring IPv4 Address to SGACL SGT Mapping for a Nondefault VRF

                                                              The following example shows how to manually configure IPv4 address to SGACL SGT mapping for Cisco TrustSec role-based policies for a nondefault VRF:

                                                              vrf context test
                                                                cts role-based sgt-map 30.1.1.1 30
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Configuring IPv4 Address to SGACL SGT Mapping for a VLAN

                                                              The following example shows how to manually configure IPv4 address to SGACL SGT mapping for Cisco TrustSec role-based policies for a VLAN:

                                                              vlan 10 
                                                                cts role-based sgt-map 20.1.1.1 20
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Manually Configuring Cisco TrustSec SGACLs

                                                              The following example shows how to manually configure Cisco TrustSec SGACLs:

                                                              cts role-based access-list abcd
                                                                permit icmp 
                                                              cts role-based sgt 10 dgt 20 access-list abcd
                                                              
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              The following example shows how to enable RBACL logging:

                                                              cts role-based access-list RBACL1
                                                                deny tcp src eq 1111 dest eq 2222 log
                                                              cts role-based sgt 10 dgt 20 access-list RBACL1
                                                              cts role-based sgt-map 1.1.1.1 10
                                                              cts role-based sgt-map 1.1.1.2 20
                                                              
                                                              
                                                              The above configuration generates the following ACLLOG syslog:
                                                              %ACLLOG-6-ACLLOG_FLOW_INTERVAL: SGT: 10, Source IP: 1.1.1.1, Destination IP: 1.1.1.2, Source Port: 1111, Destination Port: 2222, Source Interface: Ethernet4/1, Protocol: tcp, Hit-count = 2

                                                              Note


                                                              The ACLLOG syslog does not contain the destination group tag (DGT) information of the matched RBACL policy. You can find this information by looking up the IP-SGT mapping of the destination IP address in the log message and then entering the show cts role-based sgt-map command.


                                                              The following example shows how to enable and display RBACL statistics:

                                                              cts role-based counters enable
                                                              show cts role-based counters sgt 10 dgt 20
                                                              
                                                              
                                                              RBACL policy counters enabled
                                                              sgt: 10 dgt: 20 [180]
                                                              rbacl test1:
                                                              deny tcp src eq 1111 dest eq 2222   [75]
                                                              deny tcp src eq 2222 dest eq 3333   [25]
                                                              rbacl test2:
                                                              deny udp src eq 1111 dest eq 2222   [30]
                                                              deny udp src eq 2222 dest eq 3333   [50]
                                                              

                                                              Manually Configuring SXP Peer Connections

                                                              This figure shows an example of SXP peer connections over the default VRF.

                                                              Figure 7. Example SXP Peer Connections.

                                                              The following example shows how to configure the SXP peer connections on SwitchA:

                                                              feature cts
                                                              cts role-based enforcement
                                                              cts sxp enable 
                                                              cts sxp connection peer 10.20.2.2 password required A2BsxpPW mode listener 
                                                              cts sxp connection peer 10.30.3.3 password required A2CsxpPW mode listener
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              The following example shows how to configure the SXP peer connection on SwitchB:

                                                              feature cts 
                                                              cts role-based enforcement
                                                              cts sxp enable 
                                                              cts sxp connection peer 10.10.1.1 password required A2BsxpPW mode speaker
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              The following example shows how to configure the SXP peer connection on SwitchC:

                                                              feature cts
                                                              cts role-based enforcement
                                                              cts sxp enable
                                                              cts sxp connection peer 10.10.1.1 password required A2CsxpPW mode speaker
                                                              
                                                              

                                                              Additional References for Cisco TrustSec

                                                              This sections provides additional information related to implementing Cisco TrustSec.

                                                              Related Documentation

                                                              Related Topic

                                                              Document Title

                                                              Cisco NX-OS licensing

                                                              Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide

                                                              Command Reference

                                                              Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Security Command Reference

                                                              Feature History for Cisco TrustSec

                                                              This table lists the release history for this feature.

                                                              Table 2 Feature History for Cisco TrustSec

                                                              Feature Name

                                                              Releases

                                                              Feature Information

                                                              Cisco TrustSec

                                                              5.2(1)

                                                              Supports pause frame encryption and decryption on interfaces.

                                                              Cisco TrustSec

                                                              5.1(1)

                                                              No change from Release 5.0.

                                                              SGACL policies

                                                              5.0(2)

                                                              Supports the enabling or disabling of RBACL logging.

                                                              SGACL policies

                                                              5.0(2)

                                                              Supports the enabling, disabling, monitoring, and clearing of RBACL statistics.

                                                              Cisco TrustSec

                                                              4.2(1)

                                                              No change from Release 4.1.