Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Unicast Routing Configuration Guide, Release 4.x
Configuring VRRP
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Configuring VRRP

Table Of Contents

Configuring VRRP

Information About VRRP

VRRP Operation

VRRP Benefits

Multiple VRRP Groups

VRRP Router Priority and Preemption

vPC and VRRP

VRRP Advertisements

VRRP Authentication

VRRP Tracking

High Availability

Virtualization Support

Licensing Requirements for VRRP

Guidelines and Limitations

Configuring VRRP

Enabling the VRRP Feature

Configuring VRRP Groups

Configuring VRRP Priority

Configuring VRRP Authentication

Configuring Time Intervals for Advertisement Packets

Disabling Preemption

Configuring VRRP Interface State Tracking

Verifying the VRRP Configuration

Displaying VRRP Statistics

VRRP Example Configuration

Default Settings

Additional References

Related Documents

Feature History for VRRP


Configuring VRRP


This chapter describes how to configure the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) on a device

This chapter includes the following sections:

Information About VRRP

Licensing Requirements for VRRP

Guidelines and Limitations

Configuring VRRP

Verifying the VRRP Configuration

Displaying VRRP Statistics

VRRP Example Configuration

Default Settings

Additional References

Feature History for VRRP

Information About VRRP

VRRP allows for transparent failover at the first-hop IP router, by configuring a group of routers to share a virtual IP address. VRRP selects a master router in that group to handle all packets for the virtual IP address. The remaining routers are in standby and take over in the event that the master router fails.

This section includes the following topics:

VRRP Operation

VRRP Benefits

Multiple VRRP Groups

VRRP Router Priority and Preemption

vPC and VRRP

VRRP Advertisements

VRRP Authentication

VRRP Tracking

High Availability

Virtualization Support

VRRP Operation

A LAN client can determine which router should be the first hop to a particular remote destination by using a dynamic process or static configuration. Examples of dynamic router discovery are as follows:

Proxy ARP—The client uses Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) to get the destination it wants to reach, and a router will respond to the ARP request with its own MAC address.

Routing protocol—The client listens to dynamic routing protocol updates (for example, from Routing Information Protocol [RIP]) and forms its own routing table.

ICMP Router Discovery Protocol (IRDP) client—The client runs an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) router discovery client.

The disadvantage to dynamic discovery protocols is that they incur some configuration and processing overhead on the LAN client. Also, in the event of a router failure, the process of switching to another router can be slow.

An alternative to dynamic discovery protocols is to statically configure a default router on the client. Although, this approach simplifies client configuration and processing, it creates a single point of failure. If the default gateway fails, the LAN client is limited to communicating only on the local IP network segment and is cut off from the rest of the network.

VRRP can solve the static configuration problem by enabling a group of routers (a VRRP group) to share a single virtual IP address. You can then configure the LAN clients with the virtual IP address as their default gateway.

Figure 20-1 shows a basic VLAN topology. In this example, Routers A, B, and C form a VRRP group. The IP address of the group is the same address that was configured for the Ethernet interface of Router A (10.0.0.1).

Figure 20-1 Basic VRRP Topology

Because the virtual IP address uses the IP address of the physical Ethernet interface of Router A, Router A is the master (also known as the IP address owner). As the master, Router A owns the virtual IP address of the VRRP group r and forwards packets sent to this IP address. Clients 1 through 3 are configured with the default gateway IP address of 10.0.0.1.

Routers B and C function as backups. If the master fails, the backup router with the highest priority becomes the master and takes over the virtual IP address to provide uninterrupted service for the LAN hosts. When router A recovers, it becomes the r master again. For more information, see the "VRRP Router Priority and Preemption" section.


Note In Cisco NX-OS Release 4.1(2) and later, packets received on a routed port destined for the VRRP virtual IP address will terminate on the local router, regardless of whether that router is the master VRRP router or a backup VRRP router. This includes ping and telnet traffic. Packets received on a Layer 2 (VLAN) interface destined for the VRRP virtual IP address will terminate on the master router.


VRRP Benefits

The benefits of VRRP are as follows:

Redundancy-Enables you to configure multiple routers as the default gateway router, which reduces the possibility of a single point of failure in a network.

Load Sharing-Allows traffic to and from LAN clients to be shared by multiple routers. The traffic load is shared more equitably among available routers.

Multiple VRRP groups-Supports up to 255 VRRP groups on a router physical interface if the platform supports multiple MAC addresses. Multiple VRRP groups enable you to implement redundancy and load sharing in your LAN topology.

Multiple IP Addresses-Allows you to manage multiple IP addresses, including secondary IP addresses. If you have multiple subnets configured on an Ethernet interface, you can configure VRRP on each subnet.

Preemption-Enables you to preempt a backup router that has taken over for a failing master with a higher priority backup router that has become available.

Advertisement Protocol-Uses a dedicated Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) standard multicast address (224.0.0.18) for VRRP advertisements. This addressing scheme minimizes the number of routers that must service the multicasts and allows test equipment to accurately identify VRRP packets on a segment. IANA has assigned the IP protocol number 112 to VRRP.

VRRP Tracking-Ensures that the best VRRP router is the master for the group by altering VRRP priorities based on interface states.

Multiple VRRP Groups

You can configure up to 255 VRRP groups on a physical interface. The actual number of VRRP groups that a router interface can support depends on the following factors:

Router processing capability

Router memory capability

In a topology where multiple VRRP groups are configured on a router interface, the interface can act as a master for one VRRP group and as a backup for one or more other VRRP groups.

Figure 20-2 shows a LAN topology in which VRRP is configured so that Routers A and B share the traffic to and from clients 1 through 4. Routers A and B act as backups to each other if either router fails.

Figure 20-2 Load Sharing and Redundancy VRRP Topology

In this topology contains two virtual IP addresses for two VRRP groups that overlap. For VRRP group 1, Router A is the owner of IP address 10.0.0.1 and is the master. Router B is the backup to router A. Clients 1 and 2 are configured with the default gateway IP address of 10.0.0.1.

For VRRP group 2, Router B is the owner of IP address 10.0.0.2 and is the master. Router A is the backup to router B. Clients 3 and 4 are configured with the default gateway IP address of 10.0.0.2.

VRRP Router Priority and Preemption

An important aspect of the VRRP redundancy scheme is the VRRP router priority because the priority determines the role that each VRRP router plays and what happens if the master router fails.

If a VRRP router owns the virtual IP address and the IP address of the physical interface, this router functions as the master. The priority of the master is 255.

Priority also determines if a VRRP router functions as a backup router and the order of ascendancy to becoming a master if the master fails.

For example, if router A, the master in a LAN topology, fails, VRRP must determine if backups B or C should take over. If you configure router B with priority 101 and router C with the default priority of 100, VRRP selects router B to become the master because it has the higher priority. If you configure routers B and C with the default priority of 100, VRRP selects the backup with the higher IP address to become the master.

VRRP uses preemption to determine what happens after a VRRP backup router becomes the master. With preemption enabled by default, VRRP will switch to a backup if that backup comes online with a priority higher than the new master. For example, if Router A is the master and fails, VRRP selects Router B (next in order of priority). If Router C comes online with a higher priority than Router B, VRRP selects Router C as the new master, even though Router B has not failed.

If you disable preemption, VRRP will only switch if the original master recovers or the new master fails.

vPC and VRRP

VRRP interoperates with virtual port channels (vPCs). vPCs allow links that are physically connected to two different Cisco Nexus 7000 series devices to appear as a single port channel by a third device. See the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Layer 2 Switching Configuration Guide, Release 4.x for more information on vPCs.

vPC forwards traffic through both the master VRRP router as well as the backup VRRP router. See the "Configuring VRRP Priority" section.


Note You should configure VRRP on the primary vPC peer device as active and VRRP on the vPC secondary device as standby.


VRRP Advertisements

The VRRP master sends VRRP advertisements to other VRRP routers in the same group. The advertisements communicate the priority and state of the master. Cisco NX-OS encapsulates the VRRP advertisements in IP packets and sends them to the IP multicast address assigned to the VRRP group. Cisco NX-OS sends the advertisements once every second by default, but you can configure a different advertisement interval.

VRRP Authentication

VRRP supports the following authentication mechanisms:

No authentication

Plain text authentication

VRRP rejects packets in any of the following cases:

The authentication schemes differ on the router and in the incoming packet.

Text authentication strings differ on the router and in the incoming packet.

VRRP Tracking

VRRP supports the following two options for tracking:

Native interface tracking— Tracks the state of an interface and use that state to determine the priority of the VRRP router in a VRRP group. The tracked state is down if the interface is down or if the interface does not have a primary IP address.

Object tracking—Tracks the state of a configured object and use that state to determine the priority of the VRRP router in a VRRP group. See Chapter 21 "Configuring Object Tracking" for more information on object tracking.

If the tracked state (interface or object) goes down, VRRP updates the priority based on what you configure the new priority to be for the tracked state. When the tracked state comes up, VRRP restores the original priority for the virtual router group.

For example, you may want to lower the priority of a VRRP group member if its uplink to the network goes down so another group member can take over as master for the VRRP group. See the "Configuring VRRP Interface State Tracking" section for more information.


Note VRRP does not support Layer 2 interface tracking.


High Availability

VRRP supports stateful restarts and stateful switchover. A stateful restart occurs when the VRRP process fails and is restarted. Stateful switchover occurs when the active supervisor switches to the standby supervisor. Cisco NX-OS applies the run-time configuration after the switchover.

Virtualization Support

VRRP supports Virtual Routing and Forwarding instances (VRFs). VRFs exist within virtual device contexts (VDCs). By default, Cisco NX-OS places you in the default VDC and default VRF unless you specifically configure another VDC and VRF.

If you change the VRF membership of an interface, Cisco NX-OS removes all layer 3 configuration, including VRRP.

For more information, see the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Virtual Device Context Configuration Guide, Release 4.x and see Chapter 14 "Configuring Layer 3 Virtualization."

Licensing Requirements for VRRP

The following table shows the licensing requirements for this feature:

Product
License Requirement

NX-OS

VRRP requires no license. Any feature not included in a license package is bundled with the Cisco NX-OS system images and is provided at no extra charge to you. For a complete explanation of the NX-OS licensing scheme, see the Cisco NX-OS Licensing Guide.


Guidelines and Limitations

VRRP has the following guidelines and limitations:

You cannot configure VRRP on the management interface.

When VRRP is enabled, you should replicate the VRRP configuration across devices in your network.

We recommend that you do not configure more than one first-hop redundancy protocol on the same interface.

You must configure an IP address for the interface that you configure VRRP on and enable that interface before VRRP becomes active.

Cisco NX-OS removes all layer 3 configuration on an interface when you change the interface VRF membership, port channel membership, or when you change the port mode to layer 2.

When you configure VRRP to track a Layer 2 interface, you must shut down the Layer 2 interface and reenable the interface to update the VRRP priority to reflect the state of the Layer 2 interface.

Configuring VRRP

This section includes the following topics:

Enabling the VRRP Feature

Configuring VRRP Groups

Configuring VRRP Priority

Configuring VRRP Authentication

Configuring Time Intervals for Advertisement Packets

Disabling Preemption

Configuring VRRP Interface State Tracking


Note If you are familiar with the Cisco IOS CLI, be aware that the Cisco NX-OS commands for this feature might differ from the Cisco IOS commands that you would use.


Enabling the VRRP Feature

You must globally enable the VRRP feature before you can configure and enable any VRRP groups.

To enable the VRRP feature, use the following command in global configuration mode:

Command
Purpose

feature vrrp

Example:

switch(config)# feature vrrp

Enables VRRP.


To disable the VRRP feature in a VDC and remove all associated configuration, use the following command in global configuration mode:

Command
Purpose

no feature vrrp

Example:

switch(config)# no feature vrrp

Disables the VRRP feature in a VDC.


Configuring VRRP Groups

You can create a VRRP group, assign the virtual IP address, and enable the group.

You can configure one virtual IPv4 address for a VRRP group. By default, the master VRRP router drops the packets addressed directly to the virtual IP address because the VRRP master is only intended as a next-hop router to forward packets. Some applications require that Cisco NX-OS accept packets addressed to the virtual router IP. Use the secondary option to the virtual IP address to accept these packets when the local router is the VRRP master.

Once you have configured the VRRP group, you must explicitly enable the group before it becomes active.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that you are in the correct VDC (or use the switchto vdc command).

Ensure that you configure an IP address on the interface (see the "Configuring IPv4 Addressing" section.

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type slot/port

3. vrrp number

4. address ip-address [secondary]

5. no shutdown

6. show vrrp

7. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type slot/port

Example:

switch(config)#

switch(config-if)# interface ethernet 2/1

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

vrrp number

Example:

switch(config-if)# vrrp 250

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Creates a virtual router group. The range is from 1 to 255.

Step 4 

address ip-address [secondary]

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# address 192.0.2.8

Configures the virtual IPv4 address for the specified VRRP group. This address should be in the same subnet as the IPv4 address of the interface.

Use the secondary option only if applications require that VRRP routers accept the packets sent to the virtual router's IP address and deliver to applications.

Step 5 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 6 

show vrrp

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# show vrrp

(Optional) Displays VRRP information.

Step 7 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Configuring VRRP Priority

The valid priority range for a virtual router is from 1 to 254 (1 is the lowest priority and 254 is the highest). The default priority value for backups is 100. For devices whose interface IP address is the same as the primary virtual IP address (the master), the default value is 255.

f you configure VRRP on a vPC-enabled interface, you can optionally configure the upper and lower threshold values to control when to fail over to the vPC trunk If the backup router priority falls below the lower threshold, VRRP sends all backup router traffic across the vPC trunk to forward through the master VRRP router. VRRP maintains this scenario until the backup VRRP router priority increases above the upper threshold.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that you have enabled the VRRP feature (see the "Configuring VRRP" section).

Ensure that you have configured an IP address on the interface (see the "Configuring IPv4 Addressing" section.

Ensure that you are in the correct VDC (or use the switchto vdc command).

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type slot/port

3. vrrp number

4. shutdown

5. priority level [forwarding-threshold lower lower-value upper upper-value]

6. no shutdown

7. show vrrp

8. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type slot/port

Example:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

vrrp number

Example:

switch(config-if)# vrrp 250

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Creates a virtual router group.

Step 4 

shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Disables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 5 

priority level [forwarding-threshold lower lower-value upper upper-value]

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# priority 60 forwarding-threshold lower 40 upper 50

Sets the priority level used to select the active router in an VRRP group. The level range is from 1 to 254. The default is 100 for backups and 255 for a master that has an interface IP address equal to the virtual IP address.

Optionally, sets the upper and lower threshold values used by vPC to determine when to fail over to the vPC trunk. The lower-value range is from 1 to 255. The default is 1. The upper-value range is from 1 to 255. The default is 255.

Step 6 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 7 

show vrrp

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# show vrrp

(Optional) Displays a summary of VRRP information.

Step 8 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Configuring VRRP Authentication

You can configure simple text authentication for a VRRP group.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that the authentication configuration is identical for all VRRP devices in the network.

Ensure that you have enabled the VRRP feature (see the "Configuring VRRP" section).

Ensure that you have configured an IP address on the interface (see the "Configuring IPv4 Addressing" section.

Ensure that you are in the correct VDC (or use the switchto vdc command).

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type slot/port

3. vrrp number

4. shutdown

5. authentication text password

6. no shutdown

7. show vrrp

8. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type slot/port

Example:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

vrrp number

Example:

switch(config-if)# vrrp 250

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Creates a virtual router group.

Step 4 

shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Disables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 5 

authentication text password

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# authentication md5 prd555oln47espn0 spi 0x0

Assigns the simple text authentication option and specifies the keyname password. The keyname range is from 1 to 255 characters. We recommend that you use at least 16 characters. The text password is up to eight alphanumeric characters.

Step 6 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 7 

show vrrp

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# show vrrp

(Optional) Displays a summary of VRRP information.

Step 8 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Configuring Time Intervals for Advertisement Packets

You can configure the time intervals for advertisement packets.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that you have enabled the VRRP feature (see the "Configuring VRRP" section).

Ensure that you have configured an IP address on the interface (see the "Configuring IPv4 Addressing" section.

Ensure that you are in the correct VDC (or use the switchto vdc command).

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type slot/port

3. vrrp number

4. shutdown

5. advertisement-interval seconds

6. no shutdown

7. show vrrp

8. copy running-config startup-config

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type slot/port

Example:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

vrrp number

Example:

switch(config-if)# vrrp 250

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Creates a virtual router group.

Step 4 

shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Disables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 5 

advertisement-interval seconds

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# advertisement-interval 15

Sets the interval time in seconds between sending advertisement frames. The range is from 1 to 255. The default is 1 second.

Step 6 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 7 

show vrrp

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# show vrrp

(Optional) Displays a summary of VRRP information.

Step 8 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

DETAILED STEPS

Disabling Preemption

You can disable preemption for a VRRP group member. If you disable preemption, a higher-priority back up router will not take over for a lower-priority master router. Preemption is enabled by default.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that you have enabled the VRRP feature (see the "Configuring VRRP" section).

Ensure that you have configured an IP address on the interface (see the "Configuring IPv4 Addressing" section.

Ensure that you are in the correct VDC (or use the switchto vdc command).

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type slot/port

3. vrrp number

4. shutdown

5. no preempt

6. no shutdown

7. show vrrp

8. copy running-config startup-config

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type slot/port

Example:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

vrrp number

Example:

switch(config-if)# vrrp 250

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Creates a virtual router group.

Step 4 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 5 

no preempt

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no preempt

Disables the preempt option and allows the master to remain when a higher-priority backup appears.

Step 6 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 7 

show vrrp

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# show vrrp

(Optional) Displays a summary of VRRP information.

Step 8 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

DETAILED STEPS

Configuring VRRP Interface State Tracking

Interface state tracking changes the priority of the virtual router based on the state of another interface in the device. When the tracked interface goes down or the IP address is removed, Cisco NX-OS assigns the tracking priority value to the virtual router. When the tracked interface comes up and an IP address is configured on this interface, Cisco NX-OS restores the configured priority to the virtual router (see the"Configuring VRRP Priority" section).


Note For interface state tracking to function, you must enable preemption on the interface.



Note VRRP does not support Layer 2 interface tracking.


BEFORE YOU BEGIN

Ensure that you have enabled the VRRP feature (see the "Configuring VRRP" section).

Ensure that you have configured an IP address on the interface (see the "Configuring IPv4 Addressing" section.

Ensure that you have enabled the virtual router (see the "Configuring VRRP Groups" section).

Ensure that you are in the correct VDC (or use the switchto vdc command).

SUMMARY STEPS

1. config t

2. interface interface-type slot/port

3. vrrp number

4. shutdown

5. track interface type number priority value

6. no shutdown

7. show vrrp

8. copy running-config startup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 
Command
Purpose

Step 1 

config t

Example:

switch# config t

switch(config)#

Enters configuration mode.

Step 2 

interface interface-type slot/port

Example:

switch(config)# interface ethernet 2/1

switch(config-if)#

Enters interface configuration mode.

Step 3 

vrrp number

Example:

switch(config-if)# vrrp 250

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Creates a virtual router group.

Step 4 

shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Disables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 5 

track interface type number priority value

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# track interface ethernet 2/10 priority 254

Enables interface priority tracking for a VRRP group. The priority range is from 1 to 254.

Step 6 

no shutdown

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# no shutdown

switch(config-if-vrrp)#

Enables the VRRP group. Disabled by default.

Step 7 

show vrrp

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# show vrrp

(Optional) Displays a summary of VRRP information.

Step 8 

copy running-config startup-config

Example:

switch(config-if-vrrp)# copy running-config startup-config

(Optional) Saves this configuration change.

Verifying the VRRP Configuration

To verify VRRP configuration information, use the following commands:

Command
Purpose

show vrrp

Displays the VRRP status for all groups.

show vrrp vr group-number

Displays the VRRP status for a VRRP group.

show vrrp vr number interface interface-type port configuration

Displays the virtual router configuration for an interface.

show vrrp vr number interface interface-type port status

Displays the virtual router status for an interface.


Displaying VRRP Statistics

To display VRRP statistics, use the following commands:

Command
Purpose

show vrrp vr number interface interface-type port statistics

Displays the virtual router information.

show vrrp statistics

Displays the VRRP statistics.


Use the clear vrrp statistics command to clear all the VRRP statistics for all interfaces in the device.

Use the clear vrrp vr command to clear the IPv4 VRRP statistics for a specified interface.

Use the clear vrrp ipv4 command to clear all the statistics for the specified IPv4 virtual router.

VRRP Example Configuration

In this example, Router A and Router B each belong to three VRRP groups. In the configuration, each group has the following properties:

Group 1:

Virtual IP address is 10.1.0.10.

Router A will become the master for this group with priority 120.

Advertising interval is 3 seconds.

Preemption is enabled.

Group 5:

Router B will become the master for this group with priority 200.

Advertising interval is 30 seconds.

Preemption is enabled.

Group 100:

Router A will become the master for this group first because it has a higher IP address (10.1.0.2).

Advertising interval is the default 1 second.

Preemption is disabled.

Router A

interface ethernet 1/0
   ip address 10.1.0.2/16
   no shutdown
    vrrp 1 
 priority 120
 authentication text cisco
 advertisement-interval 3
 address 10.1.0.10
 no shutdown
vrrp 5 
 priority 100
 advertisement-interval 30
 address 10.1.0.50
 no shutdown
vrrp 100 
 no preempt
 address 10.1.0.100
 no shutdown

Router B

interface ethernet 1/0
 ip address 10.2.0.1/2
 no shutdown
vrrp 1 
 priority 100
 authentication text cisco
 advertisement-interval 3
 address 10.2.0.10
 no shutdown
 
   
vrrp 5
 priority 200
 advertisement-interval 30
 address 10.2.0.50
 no shutdown
vrrp 100 
 no preempt
 address 10.2.0.100
 no shutdown
 
   

Default Settings

Table 20-1 lists the default settings for VRRP parameters.

Table 20-1 Default VRRP Parameters 

Parameters
Default

advertisement interval

1 seconds

authentication

no authentication

preemption

enabled

priority

100

VRRP feature

disabled


Additional References

For additional information related to implementing VRRP, see the following sections:

Related Documents

Related Documents

Related Topic
Document Title

Configuring the gateway load balancing protocol

Chapter 18 "Configuring GLBP"

Configuring the hot standby routing protocol

Chapter 19 "Configuring HSRP"

VRRP CLI commands

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS Unicast Routing Command Reference

Configuring high availability

Cisco Nexus 7000 Series NX-OS High Availability and Redundancy Guide


Feature History for VRRP

Table 20-2 lists the release history for this feature.

Table 20-2 Feature History for VRRP 

Feature Name
Releases
Feature Information

VRRP priority thresholds

4.2(1)

Added support for priority thresholds and vPC.

VRRP object tracking

4.2(1)

Added support for tracking multiple object types in VRRP.

VRRP

4.0(1)

This feature was introduced.